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North Carolina Newspapers

The central times. (Dunn, Harnett Co., N.C.) 1891-1895, November 14, 1894, Image 1

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11MB Oi l i Vt: \s r i act: to have yoi; ii K l. \ \ ° - ,J ''pAl>S & KNVI.I.OI'r.S 'MM! MM K tt'B 1M» ALL KINI» OF Jo» xo AT llAKI) TIMK PUCKS. ) Town Dirctory. K. \Vils..n. ..uer —K. K. Yoiiny, .I 11. |. | Moore. I). If. Llood. Nl. 1.. Wade. i ill K I IKS. ~ i liev. (i. T. Simmons, I'.i . - ;it 7 |>. 111., every lir.-t »S .:i --11 a. in. and 7p. in., eve» y |a\ . I'r.ivei- meeting every , night at 7 o'eloek. Smi day ry Sunday morning at f;i (~"K. Grant ham, Superioteu- M.etiug of Sunday school Mi-- Socieiy every fourth Sunday Young Men's prayer meet i \ Monday night. p hvteriaii —Uev. A. M. 11 : ~• I!- ~ Seiviee- every first and lifih at It a. in. and 7p. m. Sumfay j , very Sunday evening t l>r. .f. II- Daniel, Supermini (t.-n:. iph. Uev. .T. f. Harper, J'astoi. >i , . ~\ery tliinl Sunday at ll a. in.. 7 . in. Sunday school at I o'clock, , I~| P.allanee, Mipei intem a-nt. , ' meeting every Thursday night ' ;it 7 ■' loek. imia.y llapti*t— Sunday sehoi I siniday morning at li) o'cloek; j; (, i ,\ lor. Superintendent. Prayer- - j *,! r,_ e\er> Thursday night. I . i V\ ill I».ipii*t. —Kev. S. IT. Wor- Pa*tor. Services every Fourth .iy :it 11 a. in. Sunday sehoof every , v evening at o'eloek, Lra*niu* J,, , S pel illteilllellt. , p. nti\e li iptist— Elder Burniee \V I. Pastor Serviies every thiiidj s„n i.,\ it ll a. iii., and .Saturday before th. : !ihd Miuday at 11 a. 111. I.oIXiKS. | I know Lodge No. 115 I. O. >. ' J mi., i- eveiy 'I ue-day niiiht at M | .k. It «. Ta\ lor. \ G.: »l. . ■ V. ; . i . MeNeill, Seel e tan j , p i.lllv-ra Lodge. No. 157. A. F. it A. >!. Keunlar eoiiiiiiuniejUioiis every third ( i-l.i\ and every tir.-t Friday nijiht. \ i-ii i:IM;ooiI* invited to attend. J. I'KAKKALL, Seerefary. , t Piofs3i)-i\l Cards i Lee J Best, A'l'ioKXKV AT LAW. i |'„ - - N r .tll . S 111 iltt Hie e.uirl.s. I'riMlll't atten f ! ) iill Ihimlim'm.s. .in.. 1 ' W E MuioLisor, A ITOIINKY AT LAW, ,'h\i -r.ono. - - N ( ■ I' rt •-- in all tUe *>iirr«>ujnUiir- r eoimti. s D. II Mcl«ean, Atkiiixi v a t LAW. .-. ii«.\l tlixir t> |*t*l«'ltU'", IU XX. N. I'. . i,. .|-| | | r;ii-l i*e. VV ill lit te lul lh«' I'oll rt > I i iii-it ciniilK-i'laiiil, J«niiist'ii ami s»iii|> .li ■ . .11 lit leu. Dr J. H. Djni 1, Dunn. II irneit Count v. N C. Mirer a Hpeetnliy N> Other disease tr.-«te«| I'otittively will Hot vi»tt |>nfl«'iitn a >l:ili«*«'. ritlllplilets ell (HI eel*. it> lieat ii nt ,i tii ('ii re. \\ ill l»e mailed to all)' luiuiess i . '1 eiiiir^e. -IAS. PEA US ALL, ( «TT«X 111 VEIL REPRESENTING MB MtS. fI'RLM I Sl-S, A 1 Dl' NN, B fNSOy, FOl; H DALs. W A 1)K ANL) GODWIN, N. C. -nice at 1). ii. Hood's Drug S . re, " DI NN, S.C ihe sunn rmsiE#. Anew luventlon for »lui»lleatlii(C copies i f writings or UrawiitKs. SIMPLE CBEAP ..nd EFFCTIVE ENDORSED BY GV:R 50-000 USERS > ■ in an original oil urdinarv f*i»*• j«n. can t>*' '' ' \w illr uittnusrript |»i«»«lnc»M in l » 1 1 Si'iui f«>r cirrnhirs ftini s»nnri ,% \\« i k A « ' WA N TKI>. v l \\ lO> A « O. 20 Vosry M., A. 1. '/' St. THE TIIVIES 12 lull s. Oasliin acl- ViUioe. TftTr CIFMTR A T TTMT^Q * illli X J. IYI Jjjlo. J. II DANIEL, Editor and Prejwieior. | VOI . IV. FISANCE_?iOTB. Hie Du'uth Imperial !\!i 11 »-j rodu ■• • 7,700 hands of U-.i.r > ober bea'itig li.e wur'd.s reor . * AM the Heading collier it ll - smarted up on ()•!>}).'r 27 un l ull t m ; to tue until I lie en I of About 10.000 fncn ie umed work. I i I.'-somor ore production ol t!.e lake Superior district, will be the largest « ver achieved. ml th«* total production of ore for tin- sensor will rejrh ,2">0,000 >_ro->,> tons bv tin* «dose el" n.i\ igation. Missouri's coal mines are reported to have orodu ted 3.3*3.32 > last, year, a decreas* of ,HO7 I*2o ton;, a! s iributi d to the s'rikc, and th • 11 Tec I of vv!iio!i was the loss of S~»Sd,OO-j in coai miner*' wa^cs. Tr • n-aotions on the New Y >rk Sto.'k Fxeh.mge las' montn iiiem h. t 3*77 ')O3 sii .res o! s'o k, a dccre-i-e oi 2 173.2.> l shares as c in,.are 1 with t' ■ wuc ui-.iith l.i-1 v ear. The deal • nip,'-; in State ant railroad bonds foo', up $26,413,300 par v du:\ ai i cease of !y',)B,3\>) n c»n t )i el vv.tii Li si year.—Brad streets. It is es!imated that the Hawaiian sag tr crop wil amount, to 1 >0,00" t uiS a I Tge crop. Iriig-ti >n has lieen extensive!} used ti• i\ ear on ' he plant at ions T e Trea-ury circulation state inent siiovs an increase tor the uiont i o! October f all kinds of cirout it ion of $17.').") I. lb), in iking a total circus lutioti N > veinUer 1 of $1,672 01)3,122. or $24 27 per capita. A N w Orleans estimate of the Cn! ton oi up prices it at S,.S.i i,O')J bal >. 1" r 'ii toe same M-urce it is said that iti KgNptlau and Indian crops will «qua li-t season*-, while ihe Asia in crop pi'oiui es to prove cis'ppoin - lug. A Chicago li-p i ; c'i > i\~ :' N »rt h~ west.-rn iniliers, in ir a ir |i» S Louis mulct's, n- j»' tsi uiti g dawn a 1 in: is from 1) Cell ha 1 to.) am. tf \ I. Ibis v\ It .l reon v otitpu' about letd. M. L u ;;:i r 00 not, t.»vi r ihe sc * me. '1 i'' ei»ii a_o* « at I ..i'e i Mates Min.s urin C tr . ggre* ua'cd 4.04 1,3 >0 i> eces. n»" the van. of >1 I ."i 2.700. of wni li $2 1)11 *0" w s _o d, $1 217 00'' si i ver. and M,o iniuoi coin Of he silver SoUO.- oot) «a- s'and tr 1 1 >li irs. 11. has in*n deci led to use petro oum as loia in live luel on t e i» 'i ' t.le 11 olroad. wlm h is .-ignilicant. be .-iUe tins line is aim si ihe most i s ant oi an\ in Russia iron tin. id weiis. (ireat ervoi s are to b» : oui't in St leti isbu g and lieval id i r-c other station; l , wiiic'i will • mil 1 i i Hi. 1 pa'.e about ;i,o(.•'-),* ! 000 trail lis A Si L'Uiis disoateli says: "Lead ' inj» mi.bus. in S . L- n;s hive rece.v ed a circular si_in> d i>.' the North*. 1 *»'sleru millers a th-.'ir \ icw a i lo the aihisaluiity of s utting down all mi is trom Dc.euiner 1 to Jan* ic.rv I ii elusive, wliich, it is said, wi! redn e the oi.timt 2,.V.)0 o'o b irrt-ls. li. is p.opoKod to «h> tin*, iii ord* r ti maintain the market. ! ncr» asiit; demand and more firm* ness in p: ices is rej or ed I«• r SouUi* i era lumber and • specially b»r L >ui • i.ina c\ pre*s. w heh is now i s \ ■ •ejie •'.! t ' L' w-miceil c '.ton i» reia r oinu sab s, as lie.* planters a e i better coinl ton than ev r before, an« can hold their cops. Money i> e s>- mi ct a:itih' business fa : .i iy —("hattainioga Ti adcs.nau. *• ♦ Tin aid most famous rub;, in tie world form* pari of the Impe * ml ,s\ te Crow , ma 'r f.r » > •. Victoria in b s 3S. I: i- believed i this | übv vv s mini 111 11 out is ti ludii el of Henry \' at The most j reeu us rubies, wieti eu a; i po i - * ic i. ravs from ttie c» i ~ to tiie s it j *. iii ,le lor in of a ii er s" .r. (>n his aceoiitit 11 e \ :: i e •• 1 1 i« d *t ar sa hir. sor rubies. It is dilli u'» io |iioit ce a m upon tln se *oies o aecount «•! tin tr exceedinj ha >b es, b'»t there ar«- a li» good io and • a;i.cos exta •11 bo'ii; one, a cameo of C lipid, by 1-hr. on a sap* dliire, a lion' face « anieo • I iMaoa on a ruby, bv l'isti m-i-i. lop:,/, is tne 111 Xt jeWCi iu decree ol hardness. i consis soi about ha f cUv, onesthird flint ard the rest flu. no acid. I'l.e best ar«- yellow. '•* 11 h s inetimes a grtenisli tinge. Some found iu luazi are perfectly colorle**, and ;.re ca le i i ' diamonds. I hey art . me iii' re b ill ant wti« n polis.n.d thar a-»\ j. wi l There a r e a tew btue to* j azes l.iund—lliese a take . »>> 1 u:.; 11 !i i il lor *app!.ir« s. •TTiOYK ALL THINGS. AND ILJLL) TO THAT WillCH h GOOD." DUNN, N. C., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER I k 1894. M'llMiFiC ftlb. j lie Academy of Science, in I. i** colli i ari\, I hieago, v,as formally op 'ned t«» >li pub'ic 1 iv t Jh t»u«l ling co t sl'){ ()0 ), of winch >..i'oJ v\ ;s the gift of Mat hew n. A st". i-ticia of Moscow has imated, from a siu lv o| the d e i returns of tlie States of Muro; e that a' I'nM 40 per ce -t ofthe i' l> bitar.t of licit portion of li e WO! id die ol preventable infectious disease. Ihe gnat ser-c'i 1 i ii, hLin a; 1 bv tin (i"nor 1 L:- c'ri • Conip v v anO wl.icli wns e-hibitc'l at (' a! . v* fir■ ■ a' the \\ i ii'T I'.xposii ion, S u I* ran*, cisoo has found a final noiue i»nd re tin p'ace at. M f . L we. t nl. It is es'iui.'i'ed 'he r:• > s of tli:-. wond.*r- Iu 1 I:_lit cin be see., a a d stance ol 200 miles, when Mie air is clear. l>r. I-'oehner, of lieriin, has exam __ • i o- i souk: io,('i ) sick di inf.-.tic aid nals Hi ilie pa t seven \e r>. ami of this nuuioer only* bntfeud iroui tuberculosis. The parrots wen relatively th; most frequentls : lbe:». Ed, 2.i p -r ce I of those coinii g u iler liis care be ng Of tii* cat s, on'y 1 per cent showed s\u'p*> loins of the disease. — Medical l»e> cord. Ac apparatus for burning coa' Inct has been invented and brought iut in Gennanv. It is Stated tha' '.lie cjiisump ion of even the most in ferior class of coal dust is attended ed with no siuok v\ hi h* the heat pro* luccd ; .s so intense that the app.«r.K tus has been adapted tn Berlin t smelti g works, ami with excellent result-.. Ihe gases as a lal vz I c,i~ tain O.'S p'*r c lit carb »io aci I 1 |er air. 7l) 2 j • r cent nitrogen. Iu ui.icellul >r reproduct'on life, ii ippears, is praclicdiy cnU'es;*.. and, t. ere.'oie, the lowest f ruis of life ar Mil I'i'.'t l i v sul j ct to oe.i'h. 1 >e:« i. eniereii when inulii ellu ar guv, ,1 tint e! u are \, the c• •iv oe n i «If ♦■•ted b, a o.lf •icut'atloi. oi jie iii'iailual (or m iiia?ic) and th« e, io .icllM cei.i. ihe la ter have •re e vii.l im* povviT ol in :on and iei>ro uc io , but .he toimei .ave lost it and, tii reiore, ilio —I: - •. en' ion. p is reported that e rbi nio •!.' . i is soon to be tr'td as a !■'- >*' i :le. ioi ice in t P tgeiator ia: s iu t'.e Ca l'oruia truit trade. In-lead «»t ■Je usual construction for .-tr-. tie c;r wiili winch the e\p n men! is to b tiled is said to be at oidina'v b x car lined with zmic so as to be practic Ily air t!ga r . It. i obe filled with fiuit. and L r :is iutro iuced, a con e i*ir tided with !i-pie iled ia> tu.nishing the sup* p. y.— Kaiil'oad («.«zet'c. Ihe insect foes of t!:e farmer ari ;o be experimentallj* stu led in a new depurtuueut oi'rhe l'as'iur /n stitutc in i'aris, with a \Lw to b.tter protection against them. Attei ti-«n will be given to the collection ami cultivati »u of all the [>atlr>genio mi orobes of insects and animals tructive t.o crops, to 'he study of the conditions of d -velopm *nt of these u'crob s, to the direction of field ex* periiuen s and to tlu con'ro' of prue ileal appl i'at ons of the ie-u!'S. A committee of specialists will co: s-de the l>es' meati s of applying these re* *t:lis to the benefit of agriculture. Howard's rel ■ iso tias b -mi ord >r ed b\ the Secretary whose 'oi:g and deliberate investigati >n !i .s co yiuc eil him that a coacliiDin is adoiuestic *e-\ ant, but the man sri :n- to b ieft without any redress for the in* arv he has suffered He has t consolation * I" knowing j riMMiuent .vas not a punishment loi » rime, but this fact make:, his deter.v ' f.on a 1 the m >re uubearabe. It i* an outrage p ece of bu>ii e*s. am' I Howard should be indemnified for h s nil] istiii»hie treatment, llisrealease ' ; s an act of jus'Jt e, bn r wa* delay d so lotig ti at it seems to L. ve : • n forced bv ihe ou'spoktd com i meet of the pres, —Atlanta Consti • tutioi: |)em. The Seeolo , üb!:shes to-d iy a e'* ter from Tri' ce A isotT. a 1 tissiai 1 nihilist, now in Lu_ r i o. He says 1 tha* he learns from nihins' sourc * wh eh are above suspicion is regards | truswori.hness, that the C z:'.r was v poisoned with small doses of phos n phorus. T«e i rocess »t poiso ug. * he -avs. r-egau on .\lar i 1. la* . e A >sotf adch : ■' The *.i\io-s of t. us M.l * id n s de. li oI 1 i- ' L■. . 1 ' 1 L'. i Dr. Car ol! (- - t!i t 2 '» 1 ' r.-.i services, not eou ;'iu_ r tiie S i:uiay s ;!i »o!s, are held every ye .r iu ti,e United States, ami tliai i AOOi'J 0"0 sorujoiis nse pre ie I ltd in 1 )>•».• (Xt p'. iees id i\i rs!r,{> J i Me 11 ;li -t M -if.- S .'i \ rejmrt- reei ip's tor tiie in mtii of Sc|.t rid) rof f 22;!.1C2 a.i-.inst > IGI ,- I - Io: Sejitemh r. 1b .3. I tnakes li e tot:tl reec pts tor 11 months sKiG.GC'J, s'.m.G.'x') j fo- ihe prieedii g year. Ne« s h.-.s he-n r pi veil at llie Va' ican of the des'ru ion of several mission stations i i China. Ihe in mates, it, is said, we e kill 1 and oth rCliristiais were tnenaeed. lie l Vatican will anneal to t: e V overs for li e j roteetion of it" missions and Missionaii's in Chi.ia. the Amerieai: Su id t, School Union makes :i special a[.iiei 1 lo the • liureh es. Ihe ja t year i»e» n one «d the uio.-st sii roe.s.s;u! in t'se history ol the Society, showing the estnhiishs illent of 1 7So new schools, uid tiie conversion of neart\ 11,001) ers ns. There are, all toid. men and w> men, about *IOO tn.- i > -ary vtoikers. connected with I'J mission iry so cii'tieties, on the Continent id South America, with its poj ulat »• of u7,- 000,000. In s includes or ;ai> e I and unorda'iie l men, m s ionarie>" »vives, men aad women teachers an I lady luljiei s.— Ai id-Cojit inent. Ninety five years re ( , the lielijr ioi.s i raet, Society was founded. Stn u* then it lias printed li. • 1 impels :u 201 ianyu'i.'v S it has I the •'l'»|orim's r.o_te- V hi 67 languages; Ne.v I :U;»m t ci■ ii: men'a; y oa> •i pe-iv i n C';'r:..-e, Ar..l)ic. Sy i .c, i .r i. Ktn di. I d». IJ in to t, t'amio .e. S, ties n.d A i "MI. L tS' \esi! li sent out Ci.OOt' 000 | üblict^ wl : Hi * 5 . The American Lit.le Suc'e'y li-.s -ulfere i :t heavy lo>l liy the burning ol its house in Yokcdiiina, lapan. 11s.'d as h depo>itor\ for iitbies. ihe entire stock of Books and sheets weie litich in;urid by lire and water, but me plates were for unately stored .-Lewliefe aid I litis are u iiijtired. 1 i.e financial 10->s ;s coyere 1 i ins -urMiice. but 11' ro will n ev : i/,'»'y d* kit in octtin-j out new edit o is # Ac -I the Scotchman, a cur ioiis ouos ion has lately arisen in India, qui e nov d in Church history. It i-. Should w men receive ■ uihority to bapt'Zeonveris d t ir own rex? li inot an academic qise-'i hi but. a vers practical one. Women have oeen c. uverted in Hindoo lions- I o d> Uid heir husbands do n >t object '•> l,i ir baptism prov.ded it be done tccor.ii to iliu oo soci.d customs that is, iu the z'nana ami by wo men. Tins is not ecret baptism, for j cr«ons of her own -e\ may ness zenana baptism.— Xe»v Yoik Lxauiiut r. Tie '_9' li annual report of the Board of Trustees of the Universalis* (leneral Convention shows that th Church membership is 4G.410, a growth of 1,700 duri n the pa-!, year; tl e Sunday t-cliool tnen bersliio is 58,163, ti growth of 1,1)00; the num" b« r of families rep ried i.-_ 4 ' f>~9, al most equal to li.e ( hutch shtti; 'he number of ministers is 7">7. Ihe to'a e.on T ribn'i'M.s for p-tri-di expt um- :.n«l betiev deuces w. re jj | ,s.-) 1. a falli' 5; t if of about $1 - >. )i>. Tliis inc u led I .€7 i for e -r --retit expenses tor un-> •« on'«r\ and g« ntral purposes. By :'ormofilie la»v the A lerican Indian has turne I upon th ■ palest invader, Senate o! t' - 1 Indian I'erritoi y has j•;is-» I a bid o{ the • liVct th no t: 011-c tiZ n s- ii ti i i buii i I. -c.-e »r fe-. ee in toe J erritory, ai d, if recessu'V. tie >! - r "f shali it stroy sucli c: -'. i...1 i'o.s. It i !ot en!lrely clerr * *it the Io iiar. seek to acc uijp!..s'.», al th ugit mejr are evidently ekinc to draw a line lietween the r d ten • n-sot the Ter : '.ory an! invaders. If the , resent -'Cp should prov sound 13 {ft* it Will b * :in iuteres*ire* ex* amp'e of tl'.e t titne. whic!. >ee;> tie red meu ( j iipt ed with pow er under 'he Constitution fo keep i ;, e wT'e* n* biy.— 1' i'lde'ploj Ltab r In i. SsriOUiGICAL Government Ownc-rLliip of Railroads- It appears tha? ter cotuit es d > not own or operate radr ;.ds, viz: Coh.inb; i, G read Britain and !re«, land, Me\ co. I'arajuav. IN ru, Spain. S.\ i'z and ' t *uiUl y, Uni ;d S'-tM s and U'iiltu-iV. I"!ie following govs eriiinents own and operate some ot the miiwa\; Argentina, Australia, A u c trid lunwarv, urn. Brazi', ( anads. Cape of Goo I M»i-»e, C h le, Henmark, France, G rinany, Gnate* ina'a, Indiap Japnn. N«-rrvay, Portus -illussi i avd Sweeden— i-ihteen, Ihe foi'o.vdig governments own p.d o! tlie-r ra in-i's, but tlo not opera e any, leasing :tli the property; Greece, II » nd and Italy three. Though not claimed to be aecura'e, it is b•- it ved tl at the following summary represents nil approximately correct s ate men I of the relations of the var*» ious governments ofthe railways of the world. The rilative c!i rzed f«-r freight ard pa«"C"ge r service on tiie goys erument-owned ra'lroads and the f-iets cited in connection wiih such railroads are c Iculated to a (fori lits tie ent to the advocates r . verniceut owners!! p. A c«»nis p-rison of passnger charges pr mile sliows an average in Great tain of 1 12 cents for first class. 3.20 cents for seeon . class and 1.94 for th ' I class. In France i 1 e average is .">.S7 cents Tot f.rst class, 2,8G for seco 1 class and 2.08 (en's for th rd class. |h Geroiany th>» rale is 3.10 ce> ts for first elnss, 2 32 cents for second ci >s and 1 a 4 for third class. In the U dted S a'ei the average charge is 2.12 cents. The average charges p'*r ton per mile arc as foK lows: In Great, Britain 2.80 cents; in Fr 220 cents; in Get many I.GI reu s and in United Slides 1 C'ld. The in'erest, on capital invested in di the -everal countries is as follows: I'nitrd Kingdom, 4.1 j.ei cetil; i'dance 3.8 per cent; Germany 0.l per cent; 1 u -ia 0.3j er cent; Aus »iia 1 per cent; Belgium 4.6 percent; United States 3.1 per cent; t e world 3.2 per cent. The svstem of operation of the railroads in differerent c mntrics is indicated: In Austria about 40 pe cent of the railway mileage is owne ) add About 37 per cent is oj crated by the St'tte. Upon the evpTiliop of ch rters. not exceeding n nety \ears. the lines and lands of the com pan\ revert to the government, but the eqirpmeut remains the property of the priva'e owners. Before u rail way is opened it must be approved by the minis'er of commerce. The turiifs ot t tie Stv e roads are fixed by the government; t ev are subject to revis on by the governine- t and 'he government power to ietluce ra'es if the earnings excec 1 j per oe ton the capital. For the vc-.r 1802 the operation o! the g ivernnvnt lines resu'ted in a hiss in Canada of over >'".00,000. At the present date by fur the laruest portion ' .b-iu »»f the raii .vaysvs'eiu is oj rat 1 by private companies, e ch coiujiariy serving a deti i'e territory and bji.»g com paras live y free from competi i«>n of other lines. But the railroad properties fe ultimately to become tie propers ty of the tjovernm n . This system is a mix 1 one of aid private owner-hip. In Germany nearly 0 j er c. Nt f the railway mileage ts iwin I by the government. I nd r i in? ! ikv mo government requ red to nan igo the railways in the in'e-es of genera, t i.."i • o.i •« sj- _ ~ v.- •■,> It may cause the CMisttin tion • -qui tnet'.l of ro ids and enfore u i' form tr: die and pn'ice .t; .n~ lrt great Bri'at anl Ireland 'lie go\. e:n:::ent d« ? not own at \ of th r.ulwa s. 1 !.r«i are t re iula' ions jiro.ided by l.;>v on 1 a>- mr.'.s'erel by the railway commis sion and b tar of trade. Lalv has tr cd b >tii Stn'e and pri vut" raiiroids, and ha* come to tin conclu-.o»i that i ii tot advantage" oil- for tie > a'e to oa u an I operat» railway-'. 1 he resu ' v. -m a reorgu . rzitioi. ofthe railway svs'ems Under the present system privat conip* nies opcra'e le- State roa i under con'ract with the government In liussia the government is s a'e* to own ami ooera'e abou' !'• per een ofthe rai way mileage. Nearly al of t'.e ra lw:»vs own** I by privat co iptnies have r»* - dvel - i'osi 'ie SI.OO Per Ytar hi Advance. XO. »>/. fr 'in I he government, I: is stated that in th* Unltid Stales sevoial "J the States have tried owneiship in a liiniLo«l way. L |1 :n i constructed a road at a oust of $1,0(tO.OOO, but disposed of it fo* sdO'l.U'JO. i «li.»i»a had a similar ex t;erience. Georgia owns a railroad, hut f'.mi I it expedient t» lease it to a private compaey. Peni.svlvani* construcvl :i railroad from PlllUdi I phia to Columbia, bu' subs quently sou it. Massai lmse't J . Michigan and sever 1 other Slates tried the ex periment without- success*. —From a ieport of the I*. S. Interstate C»mi« meree Commission. * Maxim's Flying Machine in the Patent Office The aeroplane lias been the sub i j *ct of some very curious iuvesiigas tions by Professor Langlev, of the Smithsonian Institution, and Hiram Maxim, in England, lias constructed > ! n living machine of full working di ■ tn unions, liut u few weeks have j claps.-d since the last trial of the Maxim machine, at which it actually left the lower trfick* an.l executed flight for n short distance. Mr. Max* i im'i ra'lv d sires to stenre a pats ent in 'he I'nite I States, and, res, •larding his complicated machinery us a unit, wished to patent the who e ■is flying machine. Hut the Patent Ofliee objected, and, refusing to t ike 1 his view, stated that a number oi dis inet- app'icaHo'is ioul.l be made to cover the devices used. Much against his ill, the inven •:r altered Ids app ieation. and wh le 1 st.ll :ippl«ing for a fundamental tlv- machine pa cut, omitted much wh eh he felt sho'i d be included, lint he ran against another obstacle, '.'he examine: after nothing that the application leol been restricted to cover the air ship alone, notified the apj ' that a working model was required, 'l'his was reasonable cuough, perhaps. lint next state*: .nent of the • xaminer, one absolutely committing in its tenor, s'ates tint •■lt s held that the invention is ins cap.abi" of practical operation, since, without the assistance of a gas field or equivalent the device will he in-, 'capable o*» as e: sion." By the cur>; ions »*xprea.siou * g;»s field " a gas hair or balloon is me int. Mr. Maxs iin has critiscd the action of the Pat* • en O lice very severely in the Lon don hngineenng, consid rable cor respondence has been elicited, and wide | üblication has been given in he scientific j uirnals to the strictures in question. As Mr Maxim's air ship represents, the most advanced work in aeroplane flight, the action of the Patent Ofliee amounts to a ruling that aeroplane flight ii impos sible. Right on the heels of thi«* widely publis .el dvci-ion tomes th account of the trial of July 31, when the machine carrying thiee people ' developed so mucli ascensional power as t» brti.k tiway from resftaint and actually to perfo in a short flight. In the woids of the old story the l i flying is all rigid, the trouble is in the .alighting. Meanwhile the Pat ent Otii e goes on record as di.sbe lie\ing in the possib lit) of aeiodlane flight. Langley's and Maxim's cx» 1 pe iments carred out by appaiatus ' swept thron_h the air on rotating arms went to prove the possibility whicL tne Patent Office denies, It is * ha 1 enough for the inventor to he told that a flying model is required, when the Maxi i» air snip is such tha' ' it can h.rdly be repiodurcd in minis a:nre. but i ; is s'ill worsa for the oil's ; o _>o r.nt of i-s way and sta'e ' a "j:i* tiel i" is required to am l.-r the device operative. Mr. Max'in o-r\ na urallv doub's wlu the' a bjl oin wou.d rt-maiu harnessed to his > - ij». Ihe theory of action of the :u im. . f i lie a»To|»':4iie requires rap t j r p" -cisely tue «shic.. it i-s most * :fioult to btain wi ii a • a'.ioiin, and t.n. action of his ma : !M* won! I be m c c iou-'y .ii p. Iby one. The air ship must trave 4 j'orvfard very r »pidl\ ; a baK ioon would be an obstacle to what may be teiuu d its ojH-rative progress. Precisely t'»e thing which the l'ut *»nT (>;!}•» d dares essential is opera* tiveness would render i - . inoperative. If a renersl ruling tor aeopiane cafees has been promulgate it should cer tainly be rescinded as qu cklv a-» r . r ' i'«>ssible. () inventors ol * I machines of this class will have to *-, v their -tru -tnrr , with a balloon, neit'.er c-e'u; rior in accord witii the principle of their inven'.ions. Sjlen 'if. ; American. V, ' s 'A r ej>arefi to do any kind , of Job Work from a 7 Cohiinn Paper tn a Slipping Tor/ Is Our Race begenerating. I jim roi one ot those who believe in the dect dence of our species, and for tne sbnple reason ihnt I cannot find anvthing to support the theory. Of cuirse it must be admitted that the condition •. of among civiliz-d nations arc not precisely those *»deh can conduce to a high standnrd of heath, but doubtful is if, in teed, whether they lean to any de* teriorat on of race wliich calls either fnr ti isgiving or alarm. Nature is always apt at adapting he-self to circumstance*, and it is quite reason able to suppose that, whatever calls may be made upon her resources, so far as man is concerned, in the al> tered c reutr.stances of his existence, she can as the past has show a prove herself equal to the occasion. Hut if for argument's sake, it be admitted that the circumstances >( present day life have made their mark upon the tace observation experience and scientific evidence, on the o her hand all plaiifly testify that a change in form does not necessarily imply a decadence of snecics. Is the dawn of the twentieth cen*. fury bringing with it new diseases, new complications of existing mala* di» s new varieties of physical suffers ing, as the te-mlt of the exacting conditions of tho present struggle ' for existence? The answer to this ques ion muni l>c emphatically in the negative. There is no evidence to show that the normal life of any in-* dividual or«>an of tne body in which organic disease iuo«»t comm. nly oc curs is shorter now than ti»e records would indicate was the case in ear lier d i/s. Ilere is precisely the point which disposes of tin; gloomy prognisiications regarding the de cadence of the race. It must be conceded that, if the organs of the body can bear the strain of present day life, without prematurely beoom* ing the seat of organic mischief, not much harm can accrue. In this con» nection, however, it should be clear ly understood that hysteria, hypo chondria and neuras'hnia, in :e«pect to the alleged increase of which m» much stress has been laid, do not belong to the category affections. l'he same may be said also of what is known as "nervousne s." All these latter forms of human ills arn merely disorders of "functions"— perveisions, so to speak of nerve power arising from different causes, aid it is almost true to say that pi r haps the last thing that they indi cate is the presence of organic diss ease, to which their otigin could t>e attributed. ' Nervousness," perhaps is largely the result of habit. But I now propose to point evid ence of a tangible nature which would (end to show that our race cannot be suffering much, as ytt from the effects of advanced civiliz is lion. First, it «s to be noticed tha. whatever harmful influences the high speed of life may have upon the Knglisti nation, an ordinary Knglishs man always appea r s to have sultl -1 cient energy with which to seek ac tive amusement. Indeed, it may be said that the saving ol the nation in the enor nous fund of reserve energy in the people, Where is there a na tion whose mm and women devote themselves so large'y to atsof-door pursuits as is the case In England' liut here let us view the subject fr-'tn another standpoint. We a r a told that the whole race is degoner* atinii to the ax acting condis iio:is of nineteenth century exists enee, and tare is t -kan to show that there is nothing very surp is'ng in this tin the grounds that alter all th; daeadenee of the Ei glish race would merely be a case of history relating tse f. History we are continually reminded may always be expected t» repeat itself in tegard to the pros* p rity and decline of nation*. H's fore however, a-»\t >ing m »re is said on this subject we can anticipate what is c Milium from those who ar ctic in this fashio i. Ihe continuas Hon of the dismal argu nent is aU ways made notice ible by the re mark. "Look at the Romans !" M'ot persons have been requested so often to "look at the Romans" from this po nt of vi. w, that proOab y the pas time ceased to aff>rd thetu any attraction. But if we do' look at the Koiuans"—what do we find? That t ihe Uoinans were a gieit nation n » p one c*n dispu'e; truly in many res , pects they we e far ahead of the r time. Thci ci\llization ajain w-m , he,. on 1 even the tim»*s wtncfi follows , f~\ th in. Nevertheless th *v were (t'ontinu** 1 on 4th page )

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