Forest City courier. (Forest City, N.C.) 1918-1973, October 09, 1919, Image 2
IMPORTANT NEWS THE WORLD OVER IMPORTANT HAPPENINGS OF THI® AND OTHER NATIONS FOR SEVtN DAYS GIVEN THE NEWS THE SOUTH What Is Taking Place In The Bouth* land Will Be Found In Brief Paragraphs Foreign Complying with suggestions made by various members of the supreme council, the Jugo-Slav government has given special instructions to all the Jugoslav officers to avoid clashes with the Italians. The Socialist delegates in the Ital ian parliament just dissolved have addressed a manifesto to the country, strongly condemning the war, which "has left behind it a threatening pre ponderance of professional militar ism." Far from serving liberty, war is death to all liberties," they declare. Advices received by the peace con ference from Rome, Italy, have per suaded the members of the supreme council that Italy will ratify the Ger man peace treaty by royal decree. The general opinion in the council is that such a ratification will be valid under the Italian constitution, as the treaty does not involve any Italian territ> rial changes. Economic negotiations between Luxembourg and Belgium have been broken off by Belgium as a result of the referendum in Luxembourg un der which France became Luxem bourg's financial ally. The Belgian minister in Luxembourg has been re called. George Tchitchenrin, Russian Bol shevik foreign minister, in a message sent broadcast by wireless, says: "Our intentions regarding peace remain the same as when the Bullitt mission ar rived. We are ready to make peace at any moment, provided military op erations are stopped immediately and the blockade is lifted. We have not imposed and do not wish to impose Communism on anybody." Finn troops, it is reported, have broken the Bolshevik lines and cap tured several divisions. The Italian steamer Epiro, with 200 Italian troops and some United States officers on board, bound for Cattaro, is declared to have been shot at by Jugo-Slav regular troops. The French chamber of deputies ratified the German peace treaty by a vote of 372 to 53. It now goes to the senate. The blockade of Germany, which was threatened by the allies in case the troops of General von der Goltz •were not removed from the Baltic re gion, will begin at once. No food ships will be permitted to start for Germany until further orders are is sued. Vessels now on the way to Ger man ports, however, will be permit ted to proceed to their destinations. Major General Graves, commander o fthe American forces in Siberia, has demanded an apology from General Rozanoff, in command of Russians (not Bolshevists) in Priamur province, for the arest of Capt. L. J. Johns of the 2t7h regiment, and Corporal Ben jamin Sperling of the 3-st, and the flogging of the latter by cossacks com manded by General Kalmikoff. This is one of the most serious incidents since the allies landed in Siberia. King Albert and Queen Elizabeth of Belgium, on their way, via the U. S. S. George' Washington, sent a wireless message to President Wilson, express ing regret over his illness. Domestic Haskel B. Harrod, for the past 18 years a trusted teller in the Chatta nooga, Tenn., First National bank, con fessed to a shortage of thirty-five thou sand dollars, but was not arrested. Notable improvements in rural schools and other conditions of the schools are reported all over the South, and it is pointed out that the rural school teacher is being better paid than ever before. The United States' trade with for eign nations has grown enormously and has reached ten billion five hun dred million dollars a year. The Belgian royalty in the United States to voice their gratitude and that of the Belgian people for the gen erous aid given them by this country in their time of direst need, spent their first hours quietly at their hotel, resting after their voyage across the ocean and celebrating their nineteenth wedding anniversary. The taking over of the Bulolch home at Roswell, Ga., by the Roosevelt Me morial Association is now an assured proposition, dependent only on Geor gia's doing its allotted share in the national campaign for ten million dol lars as evidence of the interest of the state "and its people in the perpetua tion of the memory and ideals of The odore Roosevelt. The destroyer Greene, which was disabled by a boiler explosion, was towed in port at Key West, Fla. James Joseph Quinn of Philadelphia, fireman, was instantly killed, two other men se verely scalded and several others slightly injured. The explosion was in the port boiler. Unless the United States Supreme court reverses the Ohio state courts, the action of the state legislature in ratifying the federal prohibition amendment will go to popular refer endum at the coming November elec tion. Experts say that the live stock in dustry and dairy industry are going ahead so rapidly that it is only a question of a few years until the South will be the leading cattle, hog sheep raising section of the United States. Because of the illness of President Wilson, King Albert of Belgium has decided to cancel all his engagements in connection with his tour of the Unit ed States after those in Boston and Buffalo up to October 14. From October 18th to the 31st an intensified safety campaign to reduce personal injuries to employees and the public will be conduct by the Amer ican , Railway Administration. The idea is an outgrowth of the "no acci dent week" observed by the railroads in the southern region in January, and every one in railroad employ from president to office boy will strive dur ing this period to avoid injury by ac cident to himself oi in any way en dangering the safety of others. The South is building many good roads. Large areas of fertile land are being prepared for cultivation by drainage and clearing. Progress is being made in the clearing out of cutover timberlands and all softs of new methods are being introduced. The United States gunboat Wheel ing, for the last five years operating chiefly in gulf waters, has been put out of commission at the naval station in New Orleans. The Wheeling was caught m the recent tropical hurricane and was badly damaged in a collision with a Mallory line steamer. Health bureaus throughout the en tire South report that health condi tions are splendid and getting better. The whole South is beginning to wake up to the fact that good sanitation is the first requisite for good health. Washington Bodies of all American soldiers, in terred in Germany, Belgium. Italy, Great Britain and Luxembourg and in northern Russia will be returned to the United States as soon as neces sary transportation can be arranged. Secretary Baker announces that he has issued instructions to the pur chase, storage and traffic division of the general staff to take charge of the matter and to hasten it as much as possible. Oficial information bearing on the reported disappearance in Ukrania of Brig. Gen. Edgar Jadwin, representa tive of the American peace delega tion, had not been received in Wash ington. Major General Churchill, the chief of military intelligence, cabled the American military attache at War saw, Poland, to thoroughly investigate the report. President Wilson's condition is re ported improving slowly. Admiral Knapp, commanding the American naval forcesin European wa ters, says that intervention by the American naval forces at Trau, Dal matia, prevented bloodshed "which per haps would have resulted in a state of actual war between Italy and Jugo slavia." The Russian ambassador has inform ed the state department that that the superior Russian commander in Sibe ria has appologized to the commander of the American forces in Siberia for the incident at Iman, Siberia,* involv ing the arrest by cossacks of an Amer ican officer and enlisted men and the flogging of the latter. Investigation has been started by the bureau of internal revenue of the complaints made by jewelry men that articles taxable under the luxury clause of the revenue act are being sold in tobacco and stationery boxes without collection* ofthe tax. American aid for Armenia soon will be unnecessary, says James W. Gerard, former United States ambassador to Germany. He says there will be no Armenian problem because all the Ar menians will have starved to death in a month. Breaking a three weeks' deadlock, senate and house conferees have at last reached an agreement on the pro hibition enforcement bill. Quick ap proval of the conferees' report is ex pected. At last reaching the stage of action in its consideration of the peace trea ty the senate has swept aside 36 out of the 45 unendments which had been written iuco the document by the for eign relations committee. In the absence of a definite agree ment, senate leaders think that the debate on the remaining amendments to the peace treaty will run on for sev eral days before another roll call vote is taken. John W. Bennett of Waycross has been nominated by the president to be United States attorney for the southern district of Georgia. A dispatch from El Paso, Texas, says American aviators flying into Mex ico will be fired upon by Mexican troops. The dispatch states that Ig nacie Bonillas, Mexican ambassador at Washington, had been instructed to convey this information to the state department. Ten thousand emergency officers arc to be relieved of their commissions between now and the first of No vember, and warning is given that men retained in the service, both reg ulars and emergensy officers, will un doubtedly sufer reduction in rank in numerous cases. Brand Whitlock of Ohio, now min ister to Belgium, has been nominat ed by President Wilson to be ambas sador to that country. Southern states business interests are to have immediate government aid in fostering larger participation in foreign trade and in the development of their ports. Trade Commissioner Garrard Harris of the department of commerce left Washington for Bir mingham and later will go to Mobile and New Orleans to inaugurate the work. Temporary headquarters will i be established first at Mobile. THE COURIER, FOREST CITY, N. C. I—Airplane view of Waterloo station, one of the great rail centers of London that was tied up by the strike of rail workers. 2 —Representative Fiorello La Guardia of New York presenting Admiral Ugo Conz of the Italian navy with the gold medal awarded him by the king of Italy. 3 —Mrs. Edward McViekar, chairman of the American League for Woman's Service, and Breck Trowbridge, chairman of the Roumanian relief committee, receiving from Senator Gogu Negulescu of Roumania decorations conferred by his government. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS Steel Mills Resuming Production and Strikers Losing Ground Every Day. GARY SAYS NO COMPROMISE Tells Senate Committee Corporation Will Never Deal With Unions— Lockout and Strike of Printers in New York—War Over Fiume is Imminent. By EDWARD W. PICKARD. President Wilson is a "very sick nan," according to his physician, Rear Admiral Grayson. After a consultation with Prs. Dercum of Philadelphia and Ruffin and Stitt of Washington, it was announced that absolute rest was es sential for some 'ime. It was reported that an operation of some sort would be performed. Despite the confident assertions of Fit/.patrick, Foster and other union leaders, the developments of the week in the steel strike went to strengthen the beb'ef that the battle will be won by the employers. The mills at Gary kept increasing their production until it was said to have reached 50 per cent of the normal, and many other plants in that district, including South Chi cago, reported that their workers were returning. The Indiana Steel com pany at Gary, for instance, was oper ating on Thursday with about 5.000 men, or half the usual force, and the Mark Manufactuping company, employ ing between 5,000 and 6,000 men, was preparing to reopen its plant with a large force. The strikers still out in thai area were growing restless as they saw their fellow workers returning by the thousands, and feared they would lose their places permanently. In the Pittsburgh region there was rot much change in the situation. At the opening of the week the strike against the Bethlehem company, the largest independent steel concern in the country, began, but it was far from successful. A few of the company's departments in its various plants were closed, but most of them were oper ating as usual, though with somewhat reduced forces. The Pennsylvania state police had the situation well in hand and violence was quickly sup pressed. Judge Gary, appearing before the senate committee on labor, made it clear that there is ng hope of arbitra tion or other amicable settlement of the strike, for the United States Steel corporation intends to fight the unions to a finish. He said the issue is the open shop against the closed shop, in volving the right of employers to hire whom they please; that the closed shop Is immoral, meaning decreased production, higher prices and national decay; that the Steel corporation will never recognize the unions or contract with them, and that it will never deal with union leaders as such. He de clared the corporation does not object to its employees organizing, and is will ing at all times to grant them hearings concerning grievances. He told of the wages paid the employees and what the corporation has done in the way of housing them. The average wages, excluding administration and selling forces, have advanced from $2.88 on July 1, 1914, to $6.27 on July 1, 1919. Judge Gary was followed on the stand by William Z. Foster, who is considered by many as the real leader of the strike. Another labor dispute that will be felt by the entire country is centered in New York. A simultaneous lockout and strike took place in some 250 print ing and publishing plants which put out virtually all the trade publications and magazines issued in that city and a large percentage of the books. Ten thousand members of local printing trades unions were thrown out of work. The action followed the refusal of the employers to grant a 44-liour week ef fective at once and a weekly wage in crease of sl4. A large number of week ly and monthly magazines suspended publication to join the lockout. The international unions have denounced •the strike and outlawed the strikers, and the employers announced their plants would remained closed until they could be operated with forces composed entirely of members of the international unions. Great Britain, almost tied up by the great railway strike, saw a chance for peaceful settlement toward the end of the week when representatives of the transport workers and other trades went into conference with Premier Lloyd George. None of the railroad men were in the deputation. The allied unions were seeking a compromise as an alternative to going on a sympa thetic strike. So far the government had been firm in its refusal to yield anything to the strikers, and many trains were being operated under armed guard. The use of soldiers in this way aroused the bitter protests of organized labor generally. As a con sequence of the Strike the United States shipping board stopped the clearance of vessels for England. Labor in England has thought up something that it seems to have over looked in this country. Union com positors on some papers asserted the 1 ight to censor the news they set up so it would not be unfavorable to the strikers, and in at least one instance they compelled the withdrawal of an advertisement for men to take the places of those who had quit. Before this appears in type D'An minzio's Italians and the Jugo-Slavs may be openly at -war. The rebel leader has said he considers such a state exists, and he and his followers apparently will welcome the outbreak of hostilities. At Spalato there already has been fighting, in which it was re ported some 200 men were killed. Two American cruisers hurried there .to re store order. D'Annunzio's army in creases daily with the arrival of de- from the regulars and he dis played his defiant spirit by refusing to treat with the government as long as Nitti remains at its head. He was planning a juncture of Italian troops at Zara and Sebenico and there were persistent rumors that unless the gov ernment yielded and supported him he would proclaim a new republic. The situation of the Italian government would be ridiculous if it were not so nearly tragic. Except for the Social ists, the people certainly are in sym pathy with D'Annunzio's assertion that Fiume must belong to Italy, and the demand is general that the su preme council of the allies ignore Pres ident Wilson and carry out that clause of the treaty of London. France and Great Britain have been only luke warm in their support of Mr. Wilson, and probably would comply with the demand of the Italians If they could do so gracefully. However, the su preme council holds the position that, all else aside, it cannot afford to have its authority flouted by Italy, as that would open the way for Greece, Rou mania, and even Germany and Bul garia to take similar action in regions tc which they lay claim. It was stated unofficially in Wash ington that unless the Adriatic ques tion was settled very soon the United States government might consider the advisability of withdrawing for the present any further material assist ance to the other powers. Presum ably this hint was designed to keep them in line with the president's pol icy. The landing of Americans at Trail end the expulsion of the Italians from that town was seized upon by the op ponents of the administration with avidity. After a heated debate the sen ate adopted a resolution calling upon the president for an explanation. It ap pears the action was taken by Admir al Andrews at the request of an Ital ian admiral, and Admiral Knapp, com manding our naval forces in European waters, has reported that this inter vention prevented bloodshed "which perhaps would have resulted in a state of actual war between Italy and Jugo slavia." That part of the Dalmatian coast was intrusted to the care of the Americans by the supreme council. General von der Goltz still refuses to withdraw the German army from the Baltic region, and the government at Berlin, persisting in its contention that those troops are not under its con trol, has shut off their supplies—so it says. The supreme council's patience was exhausted and it authorized Mar shal Foch to send an ultima um to Berlin with the threat of a renewal of the blockade. Near the close of the week it was reported in Paris that the blockade had been put into effect. Von der Goltz has been grossly insulting to General Burt, representative of the allies in Riga, and has announced he would allow no Englishmen to remain in the Baltic territory occupied by Ger man troops. A Riga correspondent cables that the Letvian government has called to the colors all men between the ages of nineteen and twenty-seven. The in tention presumably is to move against the' Germans, and possibly an advance against Petrograd is contemplated, in conjunction with the Esthonian army. Omaha is hanging its head in shame because of the wild outbreak in which a negro prisoner was lynched. Mayor Ed Smith nearly murdered by the mob, and the handsome new county build ing set on fire. The local authorities being helpless, federal troops were hur ried to the scene and quickly restored order. Smith is in a way a "reform" mayor, and decent Omaha people lay the blame for the rioting to a bitter newspaper campaign that has been carried on against him and his police force. Still another race war broke out in Elaine, Ark., in which five whites and eleven negroes were killed. Troops were sent there, too. In Helena, near by, the situation was tense. Because of Mr. Wilson's illness the plans for the tour of the king and queen of the Belgians was changed. They landed at New York Thursday, were officially received Friday, went sightseeing that day and Saturday, r.nd then were to start on their trip through the country, stopping at Wash ington on the return to the East. For reasons not stated but not difficult to surmise, Chicago and Milwaukee were left out of the list of places whore Albert and Elizabeth are to stop. Mil waukee's mayor says "to hell with all kings." Chicago's city council sent a rather belated invitation. Its mayor needs no comment. The president was comforted by the assurance of his supporters in the sen ate that that body would not accept i;ny amendments or reservations to thp peace treaty and covenant. Also he must have smiled when he heard of the doings at Ardmore. Okla.. though of course he could not approve of them. The people of that untamed town warned Senator Reed to cancel his en gagement to speak there against the treaty. He ignored the warning and •when he appeared on the platform the lights were put out and he was show ered with eggs and hissed and hoofed into silence. The Fall amendments to the treaty, designed to eliminate the United States from participation in all the various international commissions cre ated by it except that on reparations, came to a vote in the senate Friday and were beaten, as was expected. The opposition refused to regard the vote as an accurate test of the strength of the opposing factions, as a number of mild reservationists voted against the amendments. The senate is now to take up in order the Moses amendment providing that whenever questions in volving any part of the British empire come before the league, none of the British dominions or colonies shall vote; the Shantung amendment, and last the Johnson amendment. It is hoped a final vote on the treaty may be reached about November 1. How ever, there is danger of a long dead lock, as some administration senators have threatened that if the Lodge res ervations are adopted 40 Democrats will stand together to defeat the rat i'vipg resolution. The Democrats \ juld then try to get a vote on the question of unreserved ratification, and it is claimed that from 38 to 40 Repub licans can be counted on to vote ngainst ratification without reserva tions. EAST CHICAGO NOW HAS MARTIAL LAW GENERAL LEONARD WOOD WITH I,COO REGULAR TROOPS GO TO GARY, NEAR3Y. URGE PARADE OF STRIKERS Federal Troops Were Sent to Gary in Motor Trucks Immediately Upon Request of Governor Goodrich. Chicago.—Martial law was declared within a radius of five miles from East Chicago, Ind., by Adjutant Gen eral Smith, acting under authority of Governor James Goodrich and Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood, commander of the central division of the United States army, arrived at Gary, nearby, with I,QOO overseas regulars of the Fourth division to prevent trouble as a result of a tense situation in the Steel mill strike region. No violence occurred, the only out bieak taking place before state troops were sent into the field; but a largo parade of strikers, including 200 for mer soldiers in uniform in spite of an order against parades and meetings, was held, preliminary to a meeting cf strikers in a park at Gary. The federal troops sent to were dispatched in motor trucks by General Wood immediately after he had received a request for aid from Governor Goodrich. General Wood announced that he would assume per sonal command of the troops. On arrival of the federal troops, the state units were withdrawn from Gary and concentrated in Indiana Harbor and East Chicago. QUEEN ELIZABETH CHARMED WITH THE FALLS OF NIAGRA Buffalo. —The queen of the Bel gians was enthralled by the mighty jataract of Niagara. The cordial semi-military greeting given the Bel gian rulers by Buffalo was delight ful to them but it was the memory Df the great falls her majesty will :arry with her longe3t. and of which sh exclaimed most often to those in her entourage. NORTHERN LITERATURE GIVEN AS CAUSE OF NEGRO RIOTS. Washington. Southern congress men have reported to the department of justice that I. W. W. money and representatives are behind the move ment to incite negroes to riot and massacre. The attorney general and the post master general have been asked to apply the espionage act to certain New York and Chicago publications that started race hatred by cartoons and editorial attacks on whites. There is apprehension in Washing ton that bloody race wars will break out In some of the states largely pop ulated by negroes, if the papers that print inflammatory stories are not suppressed or barred from the mails. TURKISH SITUATION IS CAUSING APPREHENSIONS. Paris. —The new situation ia Tur key which has arisen through -Jie resignation of the cabinet is regarded in French circles as confronting the peace conference with another grave and urgent problem. The downfall of the government is attributed to the occupation of Konich by nationalist forces under Mus tapa Kemai, who, according to some estimates, has 300,000 men. FIVE WOUNDED IN RIOTS AT OAKLAND TERMINAL. Oakland, Cal. —Five men, including Police Captain W. F. Woods, were slightly wounded in rioting conse quent upon the attempt of the San Francisco-Oakland terminal railways to resume street car traffic at the be ginning of the sixth day of the strike. SENATOR M'COMBER CHARGES DECEPTION BY OPPOSITION. Washington.—Denying that Great Britain and her colonies would have ■ix votes in the league of nations tc one for the United States, Senator McCumber, republican, of North Da kota. charged in the senate that sen ators advocating the amendment b> Senator Johnson, republican, of Cali fornia, proposing to limit the voting power of the British colonies were fanning popular prejudices with an un founded appeal. PADEREWSKI HAS FORGOTTEN HOW TO PLAY THE PIANO Paris. —Interviewed after the signa ture of the Austrian treaty, Ignace Jan Paderewski volunteered the in formation that he had quite forgotten how to,play the piano. The journal Ist, after asking the Polish premie- Tumerous questions relating to T.IH political situation -in Poland, finally queried: "And your art, Mr. Presi dent, have you given it up?" "Yes," replied the former artist. "1 bare forgotten it"