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WAR”If we are to have War; Our Enemies wil 1 find us a United Country.
A PRdGBESSIVB KVDBLlCAN NEWiJPAPER DEVOTED TO THE IIPBUILDfNG OK AMERICAN HOMES AND AMERICAN INDU8TBIES.
BUBUMGTON. ALAMANCE COUNtY, NORTH CiUlOUNA FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1913.
mm sTEMtyn^iiiNE and siniis
GotUtt Ship Disuttt' Outside War Zok 4jeman^abmarihe
larad^ Iiiah Sm and Fiads Vietiin-^rScaito. w^ian ^ytnunente
Alarmed—Ajrm^ Merchantiuan Fires ShotsW^uindred Thoas-
ajid Are Captai«d.
ASSOCUTEB PiiESS CONHMIS BIISSiilN DEFEAT
WMtderfol March and Cnnceiitratkiii by Von iUiideBburg Drives
Radian TeBtb Army Into trap and AJmost Aiinihiiates It—
Oijr a Swaatp Saved General Sievers and His Staff—Nothing But
SINKINGWAS TRAQIC ACCIDEOT SAYS PRESIDENT
Washington, Feb. 23.—President Wilson views the sinking of
the steamer Evelyn in the North Sea as a tragic accidrat, he told
callers today, and has been unofficially informed that her captain
was not follo\7in£ a safe course laid out for him. He added that
warnings had been given that mines were plants in the area in
which the Evdyn was sunk.
Ptesident Wilson conferred with' Secretary Biyan last night
concerning the destruction of the American steamer Evelyn off the
German coast but in the absence of definite information as to what
caused the wrcck no couree of action beyond diplomatic inquiries
was decided on.
Having learned unofficially that a part of the Evelyn’s crew was
headed for the coast of Holland, Secretary Bryan cabled to Ameri
can Minister Vandyke at The Hague asking that every care be ex
tended to the crew and an investigation of the occurrence be made
through all available agencies.
Earlier in the day Secretary Daniels instructs the American
naval attache at Berlin to investigate the disaster.
Basing the opinion upon the theory that it was a mine and riot
a submarine, which destroyed the Evelyn, officials conceded that
if the nationality of the mine were not determined and if no proof
were obtained to show whether the Evelyn was following official
notifications to neuti-al vessels, concerning courses they should
steer, there would be virtually no ground for diplomatic protest.
WH-t BUILD AN ELECTRIC itOAi).
Line to % .Coaatniet«d from Oasip^'
'to Diirh^m, Distance of 49 ililes.
: “Throu^ tiie Heatt of tlia .Pied
mont” is the desigMtion given to Kite
Alamance, X>UTham and Orange ^il-
way and Electric Company’s propos
ed electric line from Ossipte to Dur-
ham, a distance of 49 miles.
Mr. Junius: Harden, cf Bnrline:ton,
was in the city yesterday in the in
terest of securing a diarter flrom the
Legislature. T%e ftill. parsed its
and rbading in the House yester^y
upon a favorable report by Judiciary
Committee No. 1, and went over until
today because it was a roll ca,U l>iU*
With its passage in the House to*'Gerinan su'bmarir.e blockade nf the'
day Jt will be taken ondetr the wing of British Isles has been in effect one ■
Senator Nash in the Senate and it a vieek. The result so far as is knovu,!
expected to get through that body is that two Norwegian, one French,
quickly. end Five British ateanieta have been
The names of the incorporators in sank or torpedoed by submarines with
the bill are Junius Harden, John the surprisingly small loss of four
Cook. C. Brown Cox and D. M. Teagac. lives. Two of the steamers rsache.i
Those behind the road are tho Pisd- port.
mont Trust Company and its inter- On tie other side of the account two
ests, the North State Realty Co:Tii>any, tJermon submarines are wporled aa
and its interest, both North Caro- misMg and a third hit and possibly
GESMAX SHARKS SING ONLY S;
. VESSELS IN WEEK. j
Only Four Lives Arit known, to-Have i
.Been Lost from These .Mishaps— |
Wines Blow Up Several aridOthers j
are Mis^ni;—^Two Ameri|ean and
One Norwegian Mine V'ictims; but
The Germans Have Probably Vont |
Three Submarines and Henci> GkI
Worst End as Thetr Prey Were Al!
of (he “Small Fry**; Britirt Armed
Cmiser Probably Lost in Storm and
Three Ayiatvrs Aie Missing; Ber
lin Admits That Russia Cannot Be
Invaded; French Have Conslilerable
London, Peb; 24:^10:32 P. M.—The
8IISSU FIGHTS TO SAVE
The Germans Drive From the North-
we*t to Take Polieh Capital—Rns*
siati Fortresses Too Strong t» Fool
With—^But Grand Duke NicholsK
A Katn irias MiiUons si Hen is Op
pose Voii -Bindenburg in His Lat
est Move; Dawn in (iralicia and Up
is the Carpathians Paasea the Arm
ies StiU Grapple ia Mud £=d Snow;
British Public Seem TTnwilling to
Call Off Blockade of German Ports
Under Any Considentson; Hunk
Germany Might Be Embroiled with
BATTLES W HMENSE
Gernans and Anstrians ajid Rnssians
Engaged in Desperate Effort—^The
Araerieaa Note—^Britain Will Nol
Accept PropositiQii, It la BeSeved-—
Military Experts Watching Eastern
BRITAIN IS RSnCSNT IN Din-
Cabinet Will Emphasize the Fact that
Engiaad Has Not Made Food for
Germany Absolute Contraband.
London, Feb. 24.—The Foreign Of
fice is e.’ctremely reticeirt in discass-
ing die Anisrican note to London and
Serlin outlining a plan for tSie feeding
of the civil population of Gerisany
under certain regulations.
Sir Edward Grey, the British for
eign secretary and other cabinet mem
bers still emphasize the tact that
Great Britain has sot made food de
stined for Ge^stviy absolute contra
While Sir-’ Edwiurd Grey^s reply tu
the American bo^ concerning the
food steamer Wilhclmina intimaced
that sitdi a step probably would be
necessary, abscliito pt\(^Ibition of the
food shipments to Germany has nOt
been announced. In fact the decis
ion of the Wilholmina case by the
f.rize court is being looked forward to.
and it is considered that this will
amount to a definite statement of the
British officials are said to be firm-
!v convinesd. that the neutral powers
will offer little objection if food sup
plies are cut off from Germany in re
taliation for the German submarine
activities, which, they allege, is a vio-
ietion of all intemadonai laws. A
prosiiinent British official, digcnssing
today the probability of making food
stuffs absolnie contraband mentioned
the position taken on this subject by
Count Caprivi, once German imperial
chancello:'. • i '
ITALY’S ATTITUDE matter!)!^
CONCERN TO GERMANY,
Borlin, Fab. 24.—Via London, 9:2f>
P. M.~A suuueu chaagn of feeling
concerning tho attitude of Italy has
been noticeable in diplomatic quar
ters here during the last few days.
The pbsilioii i»f Italy appears ts hivs
become a matter of much greater con
The reasons for this change jire not
clear at this time.
NOTHING HEARD FROM CREW OF
The Hague, via Ifondoa, Feb. 23,
11:05 P. M.—^Inquiries tonight failed
to dis;lose the whereabouts of mem
bers of the American steamer “Evri-
lyn” crew reported to have ppoceaiid
to Ho/land after the vessel was sunk
by a mine.
Naval experts say the man, who
took to small boats, must have sugar
ed intense hardships -if at sea since
Friday. It is possible though they
have landed at some small island on
l%e Ending of « $SIOO 'diamond ia
the' crop of an At^^ens ^}ucken is go
ing to do a lot toward boosticg tha
sunk by a French destroyer.
Besides the vessels which fell vic
tims to the submarines, two American
and on» Norwegian steamer have been
sunk by mines near the German coast,
and the Swedish steamer, Speciu, and
one or two British steamers are over
due, and it is feared they have been
Nearly all the steamers torpedoed
by submarines w«i« small and slow
vesssls, and at least threa were
cffught while at anchor or while bare
ly undw way. This fact, with the
failure of a submarine tc hit a fast
crosschannel steamer al whicii it fir
ed a torpedo, apparently proved tfi
the satisfaction of the British nuval
writers that steamers with moderate
speed, wliich observe obvious pre-
eautions, can escape the ixnderwat«r
craft, and su& vessels are continuing
ST. cross . t}\a .ssas._ .
The blockade, however, increas
ed insurance raten and sonM neutral
powers are keeping their ships in ncu-
With such conditions obtaining, the
public in Kngl&nd and in neutral;
said that there are 248,i)00 tons of. countries are curious as to the latest;
freight already accumulating in the j pjopo^i >( the Ajnerican Government
territory. jto Great Britain aud Germany eon-|
The principal points on the road cerning tho blockade. |
are Ossi]^, Altamahaw, Glohcoe, Car
olina, Hopedale, Burlington, Graham,
Haw River, Swepsonville, Saxapahaw,
1 River Falls, Chapel Hill and Dur
lina corporations, with homo offices at
With the passage of the Dili the
company will be organized at one*
at Burlington. The o£5cers will go be
fore the county commissioners in the
counties through which the road is
to pass and will ask them to call elec
tions to vote for bunt) issues for
st^k in the road. It is said shat the
people of the section through whith
t]w rood is to go ore entttosimic for
it. iWs, vt !S said; is especially tme
of Chapel Hill, which will thereby get
a splendid passenger and freight ser
vice like tJie other points on the line.
Tho plan is for a schedule every two
hours. Tha toad, will he standaid
gauge arid vriil be supplied with stand
ard equipment. When completed it
If expected to cost $2,000,^0 and the
entire line is expected to bo in opera
tion vsithf" ycsrsi— .Whil? no ^*.^-
inite plans have been given out it is
erj-'wted iliat coastructisii 'Wii! start
both at Burlington and Durham.
There will bo 49 miles of road with
,t8 cottvn mill villages on the route.
serving a population of 58,000. It iP
DIBATH OF MRS. NEWLtN.
Mrs. R, Bj Newlift died at her home
near Sa^pahaw Tuesday, after sever
al moiri^.’ illness, leaves a hus
band an.l five children, a father, two
sisters and dtree brothers. !ihe was
36 years of age. She was buried at
A NARROW MISS.
THE "ENGUSH llOr GMWLS AT “ilNCLE SAT
The attitude of the Ameri^ people as a whole with regard to
the questions now at issue between this government and that of
Great Britain is far from being hoslile to the United Kinf^om and
its allies- On the contrary sentiment in this country ytras at the
outbreak of the war in their favor. If it has altered to any per
ceptible degr^ since the altefation is due 14ss to ,change isi
the hiinds of the people of this countiy as to the original causes
of the war than tol the acts of Great Britain herself. Some of ua
lay the blame for the catastrophe on Germany, some on Austria,
others on England; but we are all agre^ that we had iio liarid in
it, and we cannot see why we should allow ourselves to be piunished
for the sins of somebody else. : We ha%"e nothing to gain by this
war. Whichever side wins we shall be in worse position than we
were before. Shall we then allow our commerce to be paralyzed by
a war that we did not start and in whose ultimate outcome we
have not the slightest interest?
But reasonable as our attitude may appear to us ourselves, there
fs small hope of getting any of the belligerents to view it front
that i^ngle. An illuminating statement isan editorial recently pub
lished in the London Spectetor, ordinarily a conservative, but fair
ly accurate, mirror of English public opinion. It refers dolefully
to thfe “want of understanding of the situation, both military and
moral, shown by the American goveniment and a large section of
the American people,” and confesses considerable ansdety over
However, that a*ciety does not reach the point of advising »
conciliatory polit y on the part, of the British Government. On the
contrary it advises an immovable adherence to the present po
sition. and inferentially at least charges the American peopie witk
tlie will to take undue advantage of Great Britain because she has
her haiidfi full. Of Americans in general the Spectator says;
‘■They do not understand that, instead of our being less inclined
to stand up to them now than we were in peace times, we are ten
tiines move likely to prove combatice, or, as they would say, un
reasonable. They think because we are in a tight place they can
ask things from us which would not be asked in peace, and we must
yield to necessity, yet in reality exactly the contrary is true. A
temper of stem determination, which is the only temper compat
ible with success in war, prevents us from adopting old easy-go
In other words, such respect as .she has heretofore shown for
American rights on the high seas England now regards as “old
easy-going methods’’ which she is rescdy«i[i'4»'iNmetiGe no longer.
Britannia rules the waves and everyone else is there only by her
good pleasure. When she chooses to place restrictions of any kiao‘
that suit her fancy on other nations’ shipping, protests by other
nations must be suppressed with *‘a temper of stem determina
Perhaps the most graphic sentence in the whole statement of
the Spectator is “they think * ♦ * they ian ask things from
us which would not be asked in peace.” The American attitude is.
and of right ought to be that of a suppliant. She must “ask" Great
Britain for the right to sail the seias unmolested. She has beet
“asking” for lo, these many years; she is still "iiskiiig.” "Tiy, in
deed, should Great Britain assume any ofter attitude?
That this view of an individual newspaper is the attitude of the
English people as a whole is the principal information conveyed in
the answer of the British govemmcEt to *;he American not« of pim~
test. The government and the people are at one. England, no less
than Germany, is in no mood for half-way measures. There is
much talking about it and about, but the point of the note is a po
lite, but quite definite expression of the English resolve to do as
she sees fit.
And there you are.
•Fudging by the closeness of the
vote recordcsd on the proposition to
elcct TuaxsibeTs of the school boards it
was a lucky t^ing for the opponents
of the pr(90siti0iEi that a Democratic
caucus was held. The difference ir.
the vote, merely eleven, showi, that
the movement not only has a strong
hold on our people, but that it is
growing, and, moreover, is destined
Moore's Chapel, the 24th. The funsr- ^
al services, were conducted by Eavs.
Gallomy and Goodman.
j The proponents of the proposition
j lost victory by such a narrow margin
! under .most adverse circumstances,
SHIP ROYPERANA IS SUNK BY jtoo, beeause many towns in North
SITBIIARING; CREW SAVED, iCaxcIina already elect lie members c?
Eaatbounie, England, Fob. 24.—via! school boards and there are six coun-
London, 9:00 P. M.—The steamei ] tieal, including those in which are
Royp^rana was sunk off this coast I Charlotte and A^evUle, that
today. It is believed tha.t she was theia, and the caucus decided not
The crew of 31 men was
t.'> interfere with these counties. Hark,
this, as one of the strongest points
at Uie opponents has beeii that thn
consUtution demands uniformity and
that tlie Democratic principle is to
CARD OF TSAM'KS.
We wish to thank deeply tlse many
frienife who were so kind in render-1 feed every man out of tiie same spoon,
ing us as^stancc and words of sym- i There is something else that seems
pathy in the recent deatli of our wife 1h»v» been overlooked. It was cried
and mother. May a>a Insrd bless each/i “take t3»e matter out of poliUca.” Yet
and every one.
R. B. Newlin acd'Fa»>i!y.
we And a political party caucusing on
the qoestion.-7-Wilmington DispatiA.
MftiS. S. G. BOI.AND DIES IX DUR
Mrs. S. G. Boland died in the hospi
tal at Durham Wednesday night at
12;35 from a complication of diseases
from which she had been suffering for
MIS. Boiiiuu had ir. bsd health
for several montbs and was taken to
the hospital in hope of recovering.
She was operated on some time ago
and had never recovered entirely frc.n
the first operation. She was operated
on again three veeka ago and was
though to be getting along nicely un
til a few days ago, when she began
to gradually get weaker and the end
came on Wednesday nigM. She had
suifered a great deal all the while,
but was very patient in her suffering
and always was in a happy mood.
She leaves two daughters, Mrs. M.
T. Langley, of Durham, and Mrs. 3.
G. Gregg, Jr., of Florence, S. C-, and
four sons: Messrs. J. W., C. J. and S.
R. Boland, of Burlington, and B. L.
Boland, of Cleveland, Ohio, and one
brother, Mr. B. F. McClure, of Fort
Mrs. Boland was 62' years old and
had lived in our Sty for about 18
years. She was a consistent member
of the Christian church here and had
for a number of years been one of
the active leaders in the ishufch work.
The funeral services were conducted
at the Christian church by Rev. Dr.
Wells, of Durham, assisted by Rev.
A. B. Kendall, and the body laid to
rest in Pine Hill Cen»etery, yesterday
afternoon at 3:80.
CAPT. PETTY, OP SPARTANBURG
gpajti-.bm-g, S. C., Fab. 23.—Capt.
Charlc- i Petty, associate editor cf the
Sps’ v.,ibarg Journal, died here early
toi! J' in the 81st year of his age. For
SI years he «dited the Carolina Spar
tan and for the last five years has beea
an active member of the Journal staff.
Captain Petty served throiiKliout
'.he war betvfcsii the States as a,". 3l-
ficer in f^e 13tb Scut)> Carolina re^-
ment, was with X*e at iGtettysburg,
and at Appomst^ >x.
No man can love his neiglibor as
himself unless the aforesaid nughbsr
is a female of the species.
Er^land is^about it, ulty oat
dedare tbs t^s themselves coutni'*
• ' N.’ i >.'"3 -
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