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Charlotte messenger. volume (Charlotte, Mecklenburg Co., N.C.) 188?-18??, February 05, 1887, Image 1

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fTHE CHARLOTTE MESSENGER VOL. III. NO. .SO CHARLOTTE, N.C. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1887. TRK tin BT inaSkili! Qm5ak THB Charlotte Meseengre IK PURLlfiHCD lOvery Sa-tiurday, AT CHARLOTTE, N. C. !r tke Int«resU of th« Oolorad People cl the Country. an ) wHl ntcnm writer* * wflt conMb jw t’l il rclumoa from different pert* of the • intrj-.iinil It will reoUle Um lata** Oen- >r*l Now* of the day. Tiic MrmxwnEnli efirA^la* newtpeprr in>l will not allow panona! abew to Ha col umn- It 1* not ■ertartao or pertiM, bwt >'Ki«7«ndent- draliof fairly by a|L It ra- ,^w- ihe rieh tt« ertticlM the ■hiRcofnii«i ' nil (nibUo offidal*—eommrndlng the -nliv.aml mTinuDeodlncfor elrctVn Hocb rwr> HI. in itannninn arehnt tuitad to aerra "K mirtaiifUte people. 't inlendMl Co xpplytbe long felt need / It T»i>>paper to adVoreto the rtcbtt a^ «h« inaer.'fta of the m(ro-Am*riceB, •tc^iallvin tbe PMcnoBt larttcai of th* BTTBBCXimOKt: lAliroyifa Adtomc*.) tear • tl td month* - I Of) tnonth*' ... 7B iiumtlft bO rT-iafTbc - 40 Addiui, W. C.‘ SMITH, Oharlett* N C, Tb''• aniur piRCOO amico iaPeHa to nt'Al rnrefiilty orpraoired, end the !'•■. leiifu* khowi that there ere 2,000 II i(i birda, whichiAn take dtopetche* roid out the capital in tbe roogheat 'atbcf. Some arc taught to go to the ichboj-ing fortJ and town*, other* to lijlrint parti of the prorineea. About 20,000 peopt* aw. aaAnally rMrnvr-I io India by yilmAl, nad'of ie«e nioeteeD are aalQ to be bKton by »nike). The Duffibw of human oieti^a Io increaie, in apite of the facft that tbe number of wild beaeti and 'oakc* destroyed baa doubled in tha (pat 'D year*, and that th* OoTeraceent re- wird paid for their exteraination haa risen proportionately. Nearly 2 1*2 lakhi of lupeei (about $120,000) were thna in ISM. Neat to Teaeraotw rep- tigera claim moet rkUma. Tea yean ago wtjret, aoetlyin the North- e>t proeineoi and Oadb, kOM fin 3iea aa ma’iy people at of'Qde ySira;' hut the extermination of woWee aeens to L-e going on rapidly. Leoperda are the alleged caufc of death to about 200 hu- beiogf Bonnally. Apeit from the if kumaii lif the retum* ehow en ■nnuai derliueUon of 60,000 bead of cattle. Whatever the exactrelatiTO etrengthof three great atanding army powers of Kurope (France. Germany and Roiaiai may be, no one can diapute lhat the keep- ■ng of 7^000,000 BCD elmoat constant ly under armi to detrimental to natioDal intinental preeperity. England’a .’>0,000 linki into IniignHScasee com- irrd with the gigantic amy-roll of ilieartbree kingdoms; but Auatriahes e standing army but slightly Inferior in po nt nf numbera to that of Genniay, and Italy and Turkey can each pnt hoa- deeds of tbouaaedi of ooldkrs into the M. Thui Europe baa become a reriu* e continent of aoldiera—« armed amp. The taxes niceeaery ft maintain • h>*e literally counUessmaaaea, to clothe em in dazzling ooetumea, and to equip hem with the neweet patteme of life- destroying weapone, are prodigious. Nor is this the only, or indeed tbe oral, effect of thto mUitarieatom run ild. Trade end commerce are affected ■> an extent datoibad m eppelling, end llisnarck dM net oreratate the case when he said that a few more yaare of teneioa irb u BOW eziatod meet inrolre tha Dml preipereoe natioa in fata. One law (hma to £er amry cralB ef mwl Aaderarrator. Bewtta’tkaaaadfaaMawa By tottUag wfad* aheot, or toorawart throwa By surge «f wars rasUtW, yat tha To hold K M to orbft aS ito owa, Na for om toaotbopaca Imre* tha apaah aloaa Bat brlega ftatfllatlaat, as tom WM ptosaad. Bo tsT wHto 4fiito, met «aa tow ttowa to Bw* wbaraawtam and tmaoidtotto^, Tb* qpert wWm and ohanra^ uA yeadsc. w^era Tha; laora to nm. totor seab aBdreh^ Ua. Tbs war* nRttosi, thawtod hadowm aad wa WHb them ihaR net, totor fnD obsdiwtea ihaiw —Brad/brd Tbrrap. The San Frtnclwo CkronUU ley* that Jepen, with nearly 40,(K0,0{10 people, ha* only B7A,r00 head of eattle aad :,- 200.000. horses, and i* without mules, • wine nr ,brepi We bar* two head of horned eattle to erery three pertoni. Tbr Japaaeae here 603 pertoM to each bead of l>orloe atnek. W* bare one hor*eor muic to every four peTaona;th*y hare oaly on* hers* to erory thirty-three perton*. Of ibMp they bar* ■» knowl edge, as they wear no wooloa elothee end eat no multonl Bwiae meet to ea much an Kbominettoa to them aa it it to tbe nrabmlBS. Tha Emperor rodeena wheeled carriage aad lhat mode of ceereyance wa* mad* eacrid to hto (t*e, while other p^oplo must ride tnotbar fatbkmi or walk. The nobllKy monop olize* sodao chiiri aadbonabadiridlaf, aBi to Hie cooiraoa peopte wa* lafl the pririlcge of welkiag. Ttoa farmers and pteken on their retara from markets woo'd, hgwerrr, mount their hotaat, Imt upaaihwappenranca of on* of the mM- Bt-arma (hey wotdd tumble effln eUpen- sllde buu, so u le omet Itosfr enpertora in their proper piscos; that la, «a fnot Itorsea thn« became arietnamUa aatailB a^ were held in GRIM WALKER’S REVENGE. Between tig years 1161 end IMS a full thousand ptotue hoard the BteryofGrim Welker. Tbdt wes'aaring the ffercest pert of our eMl wer, mS tnlnor lad- dent* wera speedily ahaorbed aad for- gottan. I doublof there an a score of mpis tiring to-day whoeaa recall the deteJU of tu atngnUr mu'* idreoturea, end 1 do neg remember that anything •ave a brief outline ef the matwere of hi* family bee ever appeared hi print. I a pow axpree* rider on the Over land route. lhat meant helping to guard a^et, carryiw a light mail on my sad dle, forwardifi diipatches, taking my turn to act arfuent of lomo subte, aod variona other uinga which need not be explained. Ihfre were then several great tmli leading west from the border* of eiviiixntion, aM all were mere or less traveled, but the favorite lootes were from 6t. Joseph end Council Bluffs, tbo oee being known the northers and other as the sobtbern route. I waa on a route along the Platte Riverwett of Fort Kearney, which was aometifflea IlfW miles long, aod sometifflei 126. according to the way tbe indlani were behaving, and the number of men wa bed for service. Grim Walker woe a pioneer named Cnarlca, 0.~ Welker, from near Iowa City. lie was a giant in elze, oatnully hotor and Ucitumof ditpoeitioo, andbu teeilj consisted of a wife end three ekildfco. While tbe country waa «x- dtod orer the civil war, and travel by the Overland bad almost come to a (top. except in cues of neceeaity. Walker and dthera formed an immigrant party to make a puab for tha golden land. When I fiftt baud of thorn they nnmbetod' treaty wagnahaad ertty ar«vento pafr pie, am] were on tha Plstte, east of iCeamey, which wis then dangerous gromsd. When tbe outfit reached Kearney, oome were for turning back, others for electing a nsw Captain, others for settling down near by and establish ing ranches. It aramod that there were three or four different facUon* in the party, and several bitter quarrels bad re- ■ttlted. In tbe then etate of affairs :;()C brave and united men could have ecarem ly hoped to reach the Colorado or Wy oming line, for the Indians were up m arms on every trail, aod tbiratiog for blood and acafp*. When it was known, tberetore. that Grim Walker, as he liad oome to W known, bed been elected Captsin of a faction and Intended to push on at the head of only seven fami- ilea, which could muster but nine fight ing men, soldiers, hunters, Indian fight ers, and overland men argued and acold- ed and predicted. Not an argument could move Grim Walker. Not a nre- diction could frighten one of his adner- ents. It appesrM to them to be a rate where manhood and pride were at stake, and when it was hinted that the military would restrain them they made, secret proparatione and departed at night. It waa an awful thing for those bigots 1 and determined men io diire their wives and children, conustinir of twen ty-two people, to a horrible death, but nothing short of a battle with the mili tary would bare stopped them. They left Kearney one night about 10 o’clock, drawing away quietly aad trav eling at thfir nest apoM. They could not nave gone ten miles before being dis covered the Indian*. A partv of :wenty of m left over the tame trail at noon nexfRiay, and we had gone only fifteen miles when we found evidences that the little party, which wu keeping along tbe Platte, bad been attackem This most have been about daylight. I Soon after eunrlse they had been driven to theltcr in a groveof cottonwoods, but before reaching It on* of tbs men had been killed and scalped, a wagon had broken down and been abandoned, and stray ballets bsd killed a woman and a child as they cowered down behind the eergo of the wagona At 4 o'clock in the efterooon we came to tb* grove, driving away Uw last of the savages, but we were too late. Such a epactaclo at wa there beheld wae enough to sicken the heart of tbe biavait Indian figbler. Hi* little party had been sttaned by about SOO rodtki ns, aod the fight had lasted for half a day. As near a* we coflld figore I from bloM epeta on theiartb foortaea j Indiaae had been killed, and there were ' bkwdy trails to show that a* many more i had beoa wounded. The foelbardy men I had died gam* a* aa offset We made I out that tboir camp had been carried by jacberga, and that tbe lastef the fighting I wa* hud to hud. Five of tbo womea lud bora caMed off into horrible cap- {Uvity, while all otbere had ban buten- asvd—ail save Grfan Walker. The bodi« ' hiiiff baea eat ud backed and motilatod Ui a torrlble aaBaar, bat w* oonld hava hlsartllsil Wilker nj hto atza, evea had he ban doceipMatad. ThsimmigruU' hereto had all beea killed, the wagoae alandtoad aad boned, aad th* savagM r- / ••“ploadar , eoMof the, aifbt'aad drove thins asray. All tltot wae toft at wa* tha aad work of barring the eorpaes, A aeath later «• heard that Oriai Welker kad eeoaped from the fight, hrasklng eat of the grove ud riding off en a hotM Just as the conflict eleoed ia. Vra bolonglag to the OverUnd bed mat andtalked with him east of Kearney. Be %d three woonds, but aeeaiM nnoon- t^u ef them as he briefly rsUted tbe 'toory of tbe fight, aad vowed tbu he would have the lives of five lodfau for Wkay white person who had aeriAed. Kotbing farther wee heard of Ua until Jana of th* fBllawid| year, t wa* thea fn Ckivernment employ as a scoot and de- lopateh rider, aad was on Hu Smoky Bill fork of tha Kanmt River, twuty Bila west of Fori UePharson. riding with two ettier aeouta, whan we cenit upon Grim Welker. He had gene eaet after tbe masaacn, and had built for binaelf a buUet-pToef wagon. It was t great cage ea whsato, and everything abut It was Bade of iron. Wheels, box, bottom, top—cvsfp part of it was ballet proof. It was ptoiced cr loopholed in fifty place* bit musketry, vutilated at tbe to^ aad W» drawn by four mules. Tbe mu atnethave had eonaiderable means at bis distoaaal to pay for a vehicle like that, ani^ bad ^me all tb* war from Coun cil nuffs alone. Tbe intericr wu fitted np with a iCeeplog berth, Iron tuk* for holdii^ food and water, ud be had come buk to nil ptoins to keep hi* vow. But for hto gilmeem tbe idea would have ratoed a laogb. Be must have been en route for muy long days, ud he eer- t^lMild paued tbrongh muy perils. We Kerd aftarwerd that u he reached the fort one afternoon, ud it bocame know# that he would posh on, every effort was made to disauede him For a time he was silent—grim—deaf. Then he pointed to the northeast ud said; ‘There lie tha bonae of my children end friuds, aod I will not rest until I have avenged them twice over.” > They told him the country wu alive with hoetilee, and that every rod of the wayvru beset with perils; but u the eon went down be beraets^ his moles to the iron tongoe, eUmbed into the sad dle, and withont nod of farewell touy one he rode to the west in the gathering gloein—more grim, more determined^ more of a devil then a human being. 'Ha bad traveled a good share of the night ever a rotinirv in which death Inrkea in erery ravine, rat the watchful lavage* had not espied him. Ho had treveled until mid-afternoon next day alnog a trait wherd uvagos outnumbered the amkea twenty to one. but somehow they bad misaod him. Weweroriding at full ipeod (or the fort, keeping tbe shelter of tbe diy ravines end tbe valleya, and en- p-cling at any moment to Iro pursued, whea wo ran upon Grim Walker. His wacon stood ld tbe opes prairie, at least- kslf a mile from the river ud the eheltor of-thwoettonweeds The feus mnl*i had ‘>ccn unbarscBsed end turned out to giazv, and tlictnon wei cooking hit tap per at e campfire, the smoko of which would draw Indian* for ten mile* aronod. Our astoniihment when we found him there alone kept os dumb for a few min utes. We ut on oar hortes aod stared U bim, end be greeted our presenro by s mere nod. When 1 recognized bim at Urim Wtiker I began to suspect the enterprise be had on font, and after I bod put a few questions he briefly ex plained : "I am here to kil'. Indians. Von cu ook my wagon over if you want to." It weswtutl bavedescribed. Ilnhad t barrel or more of fresh water, a lot of I lour ud meat, a small stove to cook i >D. and a jierfect arsenal of firearm*. It I Was evident that the Indians could not I ;et at bim with bullets nor tomahawk, I sor tire, and it would take weeks to I itarvQ him out. There wsa only one I ibiog that troubled the mu. Ui* ttock : arourd be killed off at once when be wu ittecked, end he would then have u way )f moving hi« wagon. We belpli him )ut of hi* dilemma by agreeing to take :be uimals to tbe Fort. Tbe harnesses were piled into hit bouse, and it wae un- Imtood that be would come for the Dulei when he wuted there. He bad a rompase, ud we gave him tbe exact : bearings, ud u we rode away be wu I preparmg to tout uotbrr piece of meat, I leemiog utterly unconcerned over tbe [ Jsngers of bis furrounding*. As to what I happen^ him daring tbe next three • veejts I bad a few meagre delatls from ! hit own lips, but plenty of ipformation : From warriors who afterwa^ became ''friendly.” That le. when licked rat j >f their bools half a doten timea, their ! riliagee destroyed, many of their ponlea I ibot, ud their squawa and cmldren jlriven to temporary starvation, they ; :ricd for neace in order to recruit ud makeTeadr for uother campaign. The campfire which Grim Walker built I laved tb* three of us from bring am- ’ outhed. A warrior told me that forty jMTBge* were betwe'n us ud ibe fort ; when the smoke led them to believe that II large party of immigruU must be 1 mmpM la the bottoms. It could only I be a large party whi^ would dare biild ; wch a 1b a bostiia country. Tbo I warrien were all drawn off by a signal to I ittack tbe huger game, end tiefore lan- 1 flown lhat evening two hundredmurdto- XU* redekina wera opening their ere* very wide at tbe site of the one lone ! wagon uebored on tbe prairie under Iheir Botoa. Hew did it got there I : Where wer* tbe hortee or muiM? Wu it oeeopledt They must have uked {ih*.i.*elv« tbeae qnettlons over and over I sinin, but there stood tbe wagoa, grim, lilent, raystoriooe. The whole band ' Batlly moved down for a elotor inepee- I lion, beltoviag tbe vahkl* bad beea i tbaadoo^ aiM hopeful that eometblu I m the shape of plunder had beta leu I behind. They ud coma close they i bad ootirsiy eorrouaded the vehUto— j wbes a ehaet of flame darted from ou of ! lb* portbelca, aad Grim Waltow had be- ; ru to tally kls victims. Bafere lbs rad- ! ikla* eooiagotoateffaagebehad kiltod , leyso of $Hsm utog ebotgamnd book- I toot. It eru oaly wbaa tbav cam* to - nttora tha fin that tbe uvam atooevend what 'ort of a veUol* Into baaa bulefl Ixat tbeso aaeng them. They wo'tod ’ knadnde of boDota bafora vitj tmtA !tog, aod with a rifle Walker killed two OOi of them before night set In. The npersOtions nature of tbe ledUn wmsld have driven him away had be not btonod for revenge. And, too, H wu traoed that tbe wegee must contala wtoathlag of great valw to have been bdlt that way, aod greed wu added to tlifl thirst for vaogaaaee. They be lieved that tbo bottom of tbo buz. at leaot, wu of wood, and about three bflure eflet dark a anmbar of warriors, having a boneb of dry gnu under hto arm, erapt forward to tn* vehiela to tlpft a fire nader it They crept u oetoetoMly u serpents, but before a mu of them bad pssM uadet a deuble-bar- retod sbotgua belched forth its eon- lento, end two mere backs set ont fot lb* happy hnnting gronnd*. Next day. rafneieg to believe tbst a vragon could be bullet proof, th* Indiau opened a Meilade, which wu m^talned for two boats. They wera behind trsu and logs end other cover, ud notashot wu pro voked in reepoaae. Variona ecbemu were cooeoctra to get at th* wagon, wUeb wu Anally briieved to contain a party of bnnte^ bat none promised sacceu. At noon, however, a nnsber of young warriors volnntoered to carry 0^ a plu. There were twelve of thorn, *10 they wen to approach the wagon in e ]^e dielo. Tbe idrnwu toeeUaand anet it, ud thna render th* oeenpant* bnilen. The circle wu made, tad it grodually narrowed until th* signal for a nth wumade. The ««■" within—grim, silent, watob- the drde doee, and th* wer. rieeietim >hi wheels before he opened Are. It wonid have taken a dozen stout mrn to have lifted two of the wbeela off tb* ground. He abet down thru of tbsm ud the othera fled in terror, ud half u honr later tbe siege wu aben- dooed ud the Indiana were moving oft. For two leng weeks tbe wagon reamined OB the spot, an object of eorloelty to scouts and bnntert—an objoct of awe end menace to the uvagu. Then, one morning, jnst at daylight, Grim Walker came into Fort McPiienon for hia mules. Ho-wu going to move hi* iron cage to new fletda. He replenished hia provi- siotM, ud inside of two hours wu oil again, having spoken leu than fifty woe^ daring nis etay. It seemed u if be bad grown taller, flererr, more aad revengeful. There wu someUxing pitifal in knowhig tbst be alone had sotviVvd tbe massacre; something sp- pelllBg in the knowledge that ne hu beeom* a Nmui* whom nothing bnt blond iroald ntiafy. 'Ibe wagon wu moved north to the baad-watars of tbe Ballne Fork. One wnO bu bcM over tbe rente will wonder how It coold have been done. It wu et- lacked ibM one fotenooe about lO o’clock ByywdM’pf tMrty Wawtouirtro biis been raiding on the flolomon'e River. The mnlw were staked out, ud Grim Walker Mt at hia camp fire. The warriors charged np on horuback, be lieving they a nnnter's or surveyor's outfit, ud while they stampeded end se cured tbe mules, four of them were killed from tbe loophole* of tbecege. They came back sgain, end uother we* kill^ and two were wonnded. Tbxn ^ry discovered what sort of en enemy Iheyhad to deal with and withd'.sw. Grim Walker ud bis wagon re- : mained there for a month. Whee ; the Indians would no longer come te him be set out in swrehof them, I aod he became a veritable terror. Twenty different warriors whom I inter- viewen between 1864 end 1HA7 told me that Walker wu more fmred than a hun dred Indian fighters. He killed every- thino be came to that wu IndUo, in cluding aquaws, poniea, children, aod dogs. No camp felt safe from him. He bad the ferocity of a hungry tiger ud the running of a serpent. He used hii iron wagon u headquarters sod mode raids for fifty milu around. During tbe aummer our scouts taw Walker or hia wagon once a fortnight. He wu loit teen alive on Brptember 2. on tbe Repub- ticu River, when he had a frwb Indian icalp at hi* belt. He bad then blown up his wagon with gunpowder ud abandoned it, although he did not state tbe fact. Hi* hair ud beard had be come long ud unkempt, hia clothing wu io raga ud there conld be no doubt that be had gone mad. On^ Ifithof tbe month, u I rode with u escort of soldiers rootb of when be wu teen on the 2d, and fifty miiu fmn tbe epot we found bim deu. He lay on a ban knoll, on the brood of his bM, with hto arm* foldtd over hie breast ud hto rifle byhitaide. Hiseynwenwifteopea, u if looking at tbe bnzurda e^Mog above him. tatwt soon satisfied oursaivu that bo had died from netoral eenaes. lie bsd a dozen scars and woonda, bnt dls- eau had onrpowerad him, or hit week had bun dona. Be had azaetad a foU measure of veageano*. Better for the Indiana had they let hia immlgrnat party pau on in paaoe, for be had bronght reoureiog to a hondrad lodgan—As* Ttrk Bvn. Worldly WMam. "'What iathe best thing In this werldf’ a traveler iru ooc* askao, after he bed trevereed Cbrlsteodom ead retomed to hto oetive towa to enlighten the vil- Ugm with hto wiedom. "liberty," he auwered. "Wbefa to tbe most pteeuatP "Gala." 'The least knovar **Oe^ fortnaa." "Wko le th* most bi^py maa la the world r 'The learaed man. who hu riebu aad knows the ouef them." ‘The meet imaortaaeteP "The-haed-heartH ereditor." ■The moat dangMuP 'The toBorentphytldan." •'Dtt meet pHluieP "Tha Her, who to aet beUevad when bo^ the truth.” TWogh aoM of tie not ha apisovad, there to tf^htin-ilmm an.—Fraa’s Cbeyee- PEISON LIFE IN SIBERIA.! MAMMA'S Ktl A ktai When I go to had, A kte whoa 1 bon my ftNF More (ban 10.000 Crtmlnale Ex iled Tearl)r—Political Prtaone- The Lile Led bj ExtIre. For nearly two centories. writca Tbomu W. Knox, in tbe New York Btor, Btbwia bu been fomoni, or tnfw mous, u a place of bantohraeat for thou who offend against tbe social or poUtieal laws of Roau. Peter the Orest b^o tha transportation of eriminelsto Sibe ria in 1710; previoua to that drte the country had bron need u a land of bu- tohment for oSeialtwbom the govern ment wished to get out of the way with out potting them to death, bat the num- ^ berof tbeudeported individnalewsi net ^ large. Ever «nce Peter’* day the work i of exiling crimlhaU to Siberia hu been kept np; the ordinary tfevel of thto sort to abrat 10,000 unoally, ud sometimes it reaches a* high u 12,000 or 18,000. Ootnde of thto deportetioo to that of revolutiontota, nibiluts and others who offend politically rather thu criminally, though uy opposition to theutoentie power of the Czar is likely to be re- gaided u erirainal in tb* eye* of the Ktutun goverament. ' Bometunu the political prisoners are i mingled with tha criminals, but ordl- i narily they are kept apart In former tiniM tbe prtooeeia were compelled to walk to their deaUnatioas, ud the jour ney from 8t. Petersborg to the rogion* beyond Leke Baikal, e dutuce of nearly 4,000 miles, ocenpied two vests, ud eometioe* more, ud muy of the exile* died on tb* rood from fabgoo ud pri- vst'MBs. It wu found more economical to transport tbe offenders in wagons or sleighs, or by rail ud steamboat when possible, to require them to walk, ud for the lut twenty yurs or more five-sixth* of the exilM have bera car ried in thto way. At points varying from ten to twenty miles apart along tbe C t road tnrongb Biberia there are >ea for the Iragment of prtooneri at night. They afford a shelter from tbe weather, bnt tjnj little else, u Uiey are almost always badly ventilated ud very dirty, ud occupwta sleep on the bare floor or benchee, withont any other covering thu the clothu they wnar. Bometimu in summer tbe ofiBcer in charge of a convoy of prisoners will permit them to sleep ont of doors at night, instead of uterioff the filthy stations, in such a case he requirec the personal promise of erery exUe in the convoy that he will make no attempt to escape, ud be forftermore makes the whole partv re sponsible for tbe individual conaocl. tsder sacticlrcnmstaacu if one of tb* 'IpWttBlf ihonld floUM ^ run away, no further favors weotd be shown to the rest, ud they would be pnt on low rations of food ud other wise punished. It to ^needless to uj they take good care that the promise is kept. Thto privilege is accorded only to the convoys of political offenders. Tbe crirainel daasee are not eonsidered worthy of such confidence in their honor. Prison life Li Biberia Is of many va>- rietiea, according to the offensu of dif ferent individnsle ud the euteecu which have been decreed in their cases. Tbe lowest eentence to to simple baniah- ment for three yurs, ud tbe highest to hard labor for liie. Ihe simple exile withont imprisonment is appointed to live in aceruin town,diatrictor province, and most report to the police at stated interval*. He may engage in certain specified occupations, or rather in uy occupation which to not on a prohibited list; for example, be may teaen mnaic or painting, but he may not teach lugnagea, u they afford the opportnnity for propa gating revolutionary ideas. HemayDO- come merchant, farmer, mechaaio, con tractor, et uything else of that aort,ud it not infrequently bappsne that ezllu ujoy a degree of prosperity in their new hofflM that they did not have in Bu- ropeu Russia. ExUu and their sons have become milUonelrw in Biberia; r former Vuderbllt of Dkootsk, the capi tol of Eastern Siberia, wu the eon of at exile urf, hto enormons fortune having bun.gtined in the overlud tea trade. Many exile* become so attached to Sibe ria that they remain aftar their term of buiahment itcoded, bnt it should be ander«tood that tbelr cases art the ex* cantions rather thu the rule. The wife u'd immature ehUdru of u ezilo may follow or accompany him at tbe eipeau of the Governmut, but they eunot ro- torn to Europe uUt hto term of aervieo hu expired. Tbe name of "prtoonar” or "exile’'to never applied to the bu- itbed individoeU; in the lengnege of tbe people they are called "unfortu- oata*,"snd in official doctnnants they art termed ' involuntary emigisata.’’ Of thou eentuood to foreod labor some am ordered to beconxe cotonlsta; they are fonUbed with the tool* ud matertol* for bniidlng a honu on a plot of ground allotted te them, and for threo yeara can reeeflve ratkma from th* nearut ^vernmeat station, bat when the thru years have expired thu ere czpeetad to Bupport tbemMlvee. h they were eent to the eralheni end therefore fertile parts of Uberia their let weald set ho a eevere oee, but the meet of thene*oolaaisU are aaslgnsd to the iBrtWn. ragiesa, wh^ro tb* sopped of Ufe irom tllu^ th* toil or from hooting aaa flAlsg to e matter of grut dUBcu^. Ihou who nr* kopt to prison end aentaMid to herd labor are ampleyad in mtnu, aille, feundrtoa or eo the pubUe rends. Jfau of them wau ebaloe. which extend uom n girdle aronod the watot to each ukle, and *f- feetnnlly preelod* tbe poeeibflHy of rna- sinf awny. Iheir Ui* i* • hud one, u tbw fuotl ia oenne end efton UmhM In qnutity. It Is bad enengh under fclsd- martad weweieii aitil Bnpulntendents, and tarriM* whore the mutori ere erwri, which happens nitogethsr too often. Tirar.ty-one hort^of ftenr an need daily la nakfng bread fot tha ],fl$0 coe- rlewe la Blag Sng rrietn. A khe wbsB my bath haginr, By mothetto u fnD eC htaset Aanarsetstallotptnn The day that 1 fell down etolsn A kim when 1 give hu treahlA A kM wbu 1 gtv* hm joy; Tbw^snettdmcUka metbwtokhsu To tor own UtU* habr hey. HUMOR or THB RAi; There to no place like bene, upoef^ ly if it** tbe home of youTbert girt— i4suf Herald, There are three kinds of uimals In tho Wall street menagerie. They are bolla, bears aod dtmkeyt.—Ptrotrwn*. A cltiiu of Deadwopd, Dakota, reached home tbe other night somewhat earlier thu usual. He had beu dused borne by a ghost —aiieapo Nins*. Apoctuks: "What to itmaku th# noonday air u strongl” Well, neinape the wife hu beuwfllBg cabbm or someth'ng like that—Teahsr* m^sa "Shall I light tbe guT' uked tb* lud- Isdy at tbe supper tule. "Oh, It ton i nMCssary.” answered the nevf boarder, "the supper is light enough.”—Nsw Tort Bun. SaWGeonte; '*00 my mind there's a weight; It (t realH getting quite lelght And I feer that year po " He rot ohly thus tor, , .. ^ - ' For he lauded outefd* of th* gelght j —Life. ‘ A mu never more fully apprecutee the touching tignlfleucc of a "vacant chair” than when he gou in a burry to tbe bnrber shop ud flnda one awaiting him there. —St.AUmnM Mmenger. Thto is the season that Inspiru a red nosed men with confidence' He cu blame the warmth of color on th* weather, ud thou who don't know his habile will umetimee believe him; — Philadeljikia Herald. A BwU* law competoeverjuewly-mar- ried couple to plut tree* shortly sf^ the ceremony of marriage. Tbe pine and the weeping willow ore prescribod. but tbe birch Ts allowed u being pro*- poctivelyuuful.—Pwirfues Tdegram. Full muy • maid who lolnta atoiebtef And dare not kill n xnoaaa. nerfaceatoMi — - - mere ei^out tl^ TTm manglid forms of half n dosu Mrda —DanrtUs Brersa A Real Cowboy. Walking into a neat, little rmtanrairt down on Bute street the other nl|^t, tbe Chicago JfoiTi "Club Man" wu somewhat wtonisbed to au about a dozen dirty-facod gamins ritting at a long table dioensslng an excellent tap per, ud at the head of the Ubie ul a Western looking, happy fellow, with all the appcanuce of u idul cowboy, ex cept (be sombrero, ud that bung on n hook near by—a regular etunner, with width enough fora email orabnlla, and e wultb of silver tinsel on it Inveeti- geting, the "Club Mu” discovered that the cowboy, who bad come in with n train of cattle fiom Fettermen, Wyo. on tho Chicago A- Northwextern, a few days ago, had been^d off ud wu u- joying bimsetf. The proprietor of tbe restaurant said he came in about half ea hour before, followed by tbe troop of Arabs, ud had negoriat^ for supper f»9 the gang. He had given carte blanche to the bora, ud they had ordered every thing from fried oysters to a hot minco pie. ud the cowboy hnd depealtod a $80 gold piece ie advance. He didn’t seem to DO drinking, but nnoana^ good natnred ud intelligent Be wu lelliBg tbe boys big itorlusbouttlM mountains, plaiu and sanshia* of tho West of cattle driveaandstampodea.ud tbe boy* were listening end eauttng with an earautneu which wu relruhing. Tbelr boat didn't seem to pay apaelal *t- tention to uy one in tho room except his gauta, presided u th* ouqimt with e BKi^ dif^y ud aall-possseslee u if be were the major-domo of a palace. Among tbe thiage he murioned wu th* fact that lutsommer, ayw ago, be had beeocne acquainted in Wyoming with a g^ painter, who wu eW a poet, and who had been rat there to make skrtehu for a big Wutern pictor* be wu going to paint Then, la n qniet and qnnfart way, ho racltod to th* boya » ecrerhoy : poem which th* port-painter hnd writ- i ten, ud whleb had thto refrnia; j "irttbhlsslooebeemhcern tike aceaUnr be iOHle Where lb* wtia baft feMa MseW *-• Wb* earul wbe , A qaectlouhle blL "Bey, Joe, did tbe editor aeeept year poem on ‘Beautifnl BbowF” "No,C1urlie. 1 west Into theoEco on tin-toe ” "Well that wu right Aa editor I doentliketo b*UstBrb*d.To« ahewod him this poemr "I it to him.” "AndhedeeUMd itr "Yob.” "it most have beu exsenbto." "Well, maybe It wae. 1 left th* oSco on tin-to*. "Which wu right" "1 am net aoreabont that Iwnaton^ SB the tip ofhtole*. "—CtoB. Ihenein liO bums mnrtod on the Lert mit ItoeerweUon, Idnhe^ eoiflnetod by lafltonn. They hsvo nenn* !,$•$ miw meAaredlkilfaaend ova thirw^ra

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