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JANUARY 1, 1889,
JANUARY 1, 1889,
CONCORD, C, 'APRIL 27, 1888.
mm, DEOIIIB.- IHGIIIEEfiS, MlllfRS,
Farmers and -Everybody Else
Can be suited in Hardware at YORKE & WADS WORTH'S at bottom prices
tor the CASH. Our stock is full and complete. A splendid line of Cook
Stovee and cooking utensils in stock. Turning Plows, PloT Stocks, Harrows,
Belting, Feed Cutters, Cornshellers, Tinware., Guns, Pistols, Knives, Powder,
Shot and Lead, Doors, Sash and Blinds, Shingles, Gkasr Oils, White Lead,
Paints and Putty a specialty ; .Wire Screens Oil Cloths, -wrought, cut and
Horse Shoe Nails, and in fact everything usually kept in a hardware store. Wc
will sell all these goods as cheap, quality considered, as any house in North
Our warehouse is filled with Carriages, Buggies, Wagons, Reapers, Mow
ers, Hay Hakes, of the-best make ou the market, which must and will be sold
at thej lowest figures. Be sure to come to see us,, whether you buy or not.
YORKE & WADSWORTH.
P. S We have always on hand Lister's and Waldo Guano and Wando Acid
at prices to suit. Y. & vV.
ma victory avER him- fbicui
II 1ST 1 DIAL OF ' THE
S FBI ZST Gr
The undersigned once more comes to the-front and' avows his determinalioi
tojlead all competitors in the good work of saving the people money and sup
plying them with a superior quality of
We are ''loaded to the muzzle," and
there is danger of an explosion when wo fire off our big gn. Lverybody
must "stand from under,n for tk bottom has dropped out ol LOW PRICES,
and i an body gets caught when it falls, somebody is sum to get hurt. Now
Open your eyes, bargain hunters, and if you are close calculators and
know a yo' d thing when you see it, come and see me if you waut to save money
by buying yonr
Dry Goods, Hi, Boots and Shoes,
Groceries, provisions and other articles of home use. A specialty on flour
which cannot be purchasod elsewhere of
it. Don t sell jour country produce before calling on
T?, A BRO"WNT
P. S. Thanking you for past favors,
prices to merit a continuance oi me same.
I would inform the ladies of Con
cord and surrounding eOuntry that I
have opened a new
At ALLISON'S CORNER, where
they will find a woll selected stock of
Hats and Bonnets
Ribbons, Co'lars, Corsets, Bustles,
Kucbing, Veiling, &c, which will be
sold cheap for CASH.
Give me a call.
6 3 n Mns. MOLrjE ELLIOT
Notice is hereby given that a petition
has been filed before me by E W.
G. Fisher, guardian of J S Fisher,
asking for the attachment of the home
ptead and personal property exemption
fo J S Fisher, and you are hereby no
tified that petition of said Fisher's will
be heaid at my office in Concord on
Monday, 8th October, 1888.
13 7t J. F. WILLEFORD, J. P.
if our ock is not speedily reduced.
the sama grade as cheap as I will sell
I hope by fair dealing and reasonable
u. a. $
A NEW FIRM!
More -than a Slaughter in
Come and see our beautiful stock
Calicos, Dress Goods,
Full stock of Notions, Men's Furn
ishing Goods; A full line of Linen
and a large lot of Jewelry. Also
in Cups, Buckets and many other
ABRAHAMS & FELDMAN,
Formerly of Baltimore. .
Next door to Mrs. Cross' Millinery
The Weekly News and Observer is
a long ways the best paper ever pub
!ished in North Carolina. It is a cred
it to the people and to the State. The
people should take a pride in ifr It
should be in every family. It is an
eight page paper, chock full of the best
sort of reading matter, news, markei
reports, and all that. You cannot af
ford to be without it. Price $125 a
year. We will furninh the Weekly
News and Observer until January 1st,
1889, for$l. Scud for eample copy.
News and Observer Co ,
Raleigh, N. C,.
BY DAKSKE DANDBIDGE.
Ah, me ! what battles I have fought !
I would I knew the rune that lays
The swarming shades of weary days
That take the lonely house of
A restless rabble unsubdued ;
A wild and haggard multitude ;
Distorted shapes that spring from
And torments born of wedded fears.
Sometimes amid the changing rout,
A rainbow figure glides about,
And from her brightness.like the day,
The whimpling shadows slink away.
I know that lyre of seven strings,
The seven colors of her wings ;
The seven blossoms of her crown
There violets twine for amethyst ;
Small lilies white as silkweei down,
Those myrtle sprays her locks hate
And pansies- that are beryl-blue,
And varied roses rich of hue,
With iridescent dewy eyes
Of buds that boom in Paradise.
Come often, thou ethereal child !
Now string thy lyre and Bing to me.
Thy voice ecstatic, fresh aud wild,
Enthralls " each dark - browed
Beyond the walls she bids me peer
To see a future dim and dear ;
Sweet faces shining through the mist
Like children waiting to be kissed.
A lovely land that knows not pain,
Atlantis-land beyond life's main
Where we who love may love again ;
Ah, me ! is this beyond the plan
Of God's beneficence to man ?
fNew York Independent.
FICURSN OX THE AVENUE.
Hfen and Women In Washington Who
Have Interesting Histories.
Cities, like human beings, have
their ganglionic or nerve centres, and
so do nations. Such a city is Wash
ington, aud there is one place there
which will answer this description.
Thoreau says somewhere in his w rit
ings that you can find anything any
where if you hunt long enough for
it. In this same spirit it may be
said tfiat there is one place in Wash
ington where if vou stand long
enough, you may see almost any per
son distinguished in life that is,
the corner of Fourteenth street and
Pennsylvania avenue. Tast this "cor
ner during the day, in a never-ceasing
flow,-go the representative people of
the United States, their wives and
families, the members of the lega
tions from all foreign countries, and
men and women noted in political, re
ligious, historical, social and all other
departments of life.
At 4 o'clock every afternoon the
departments in the government ser
vice close, and all the busy thousau Js,
from Cabinet officers and heads of
deparments down to messengers and
call boys, are relieved from duty and
suddenly throng the streets. At this
hour, too, the aristocratic people are
out upon the avenue with their splen
did turnouts, their fine carriages,
coupes, barouches, victorias, village
carts, dog carts and every variety of
vehicle, and there is a display of
beautiful horses, fine trappings, gold
and silver trimmings, rattling chains,
monograms, liveries, coat-of-arms,
etc., hardly equaled outside of Hyde
Park in London during afternoon
But underneath all this show and
glitter of the aristocratic republican
capital one may see upon that corner
many things ot suggestive- interest
to the American. As the throng
passes by, composed of clerks, male
and female, from the various de
partments ; of young men, sous of
noted statesmen and millionaries ;
young ladies, celebrated in the social
and gossip columns of the news
papers; characters well known to
the world, etc., one may now and
then see a face that will recall some
thing of interest to the American
people outside of the present posi
tion or social supremacy of the throng.
For instance, a tall,, slender gen
tleman comes walking -along the
avenue. He wears a full beard,
slightly tinged with gray and parted
in the middle. He is handsomely
dressed aud aristocratic in his bear
ing; he has dark, brown eyes that
are quick, bright and fearless. He
seems to know almost everybody and
is continually raising his crape
bound tall hat to ladies and gentle
men that he meets. You would
take him for a business " gentleman,
well bred and well to do, and stand'
ing well socially; and yet what a
history is connected with that man's
experience in. life! He is Mr. Frank
Brownell, known in history as "the
Those who are old enough to let
their memories go back to those
wild days of the breaking out of
the late civil war will recall what a
tremendous sensation was created
throughout the North by the death
of Ellsworth and the killing of his
slayer by Brownell. The nearest
point to Washington from which the
Confederate flag ever floated was
from the roof of the Marshall
House. Mr. Jackson, the proprie
tor of the hotel, had run" up the
Confederate flag and had made a sol
emn vow that he would kill any man
who touched it or lowered it. Col. i
Ellsworth, with a few hundred men,
went down the river to take posses
sion of Alexandria -and haul down
the flag from its staff upon the Mar
shall House.' Whftni' he was coming
down the stairs, accotnpanied by Ser
geant Brownell and .others, carrying
the flag upon his arm, he was met
upon the staircase fey Mr. Jackson,
who emptied two bjirrpls of a shot
gun loaded with buckshot into Col.
Ellsworth's body, who fell back dead
in the arras of onefof'his soldiers.
Almost simultaneously with ' Jack
son's shot Sergeant- Brownell put a
minnie ball throufh Jackson, and
followed it with apiunge of his bay
onet through his ody, and Ells
worth's death was.avenged.
It is not easy to believe that this
quiet, handsome aid gentlemanly
person passing us, raising his hat
his lady acquaintances, is , the man
who put bullet and bayonet through
the body of the miri wfio shot his
chief. Ever since the war he has
been in the employ of the govern
And now occuFfca peculiar scene
illustrative of Washington life and
-the character of American people.
Coming from the north, . as Mr.
Brownell walks in that direction, are
three ladies, evidently clerks in the
government departments from the
little lunch-bass they carry. The
lady in the centre isw ell-dressed and
good-looking, with dark hair;- dark
eyes and yery expressive face. The
three ladies bow to Mr. Brownell and
he raises his hat,. with a pleasant
smile, to them. he lady in the
centre is the daughter of Mr. Jack
son, who killed Colonel Ellsworth
and through whose'body Mr. Brow
nell sent a bullet . and a bayonet,
Both are now clerks in the' depart
ments and employed and supported
by the government. There is a strik
ing lesson of reconstruction and re
conciliation between the two sections
in this little story that is above and
beyond all that th.s political recon
structionists of either party can ever
do or say. ,2
A moment later iu the great com
mingling throng of people passing
and repassing, with glimpses of faces
of famous men, cabinet officers, Sen
ators, Congressmen, men noted in all
walks of life, menibers of foreign
legations, strange costumes, etc., ap
pears a face that sngv-sts and brings
to one's recollectionfone of the most
magnificent events that ever occurred
iu warfare. The ctairge of Pickett's
division in the bilttle of Gettysburg
will through ail time stand side by
side with the greatest exhibitions of
heroism noted by the historian. The
lady passing is Mrs. Pickett, the
widow of the general whose name is
identified with that splendid en
deavor. She, too, is a; clerk in the
government departments. In these
three people we have an illustration
of the characteristics o our form of
government that needs 'no 'comment.
In no other country, under no other
form of government, could such a
fact be possible. . Mrs. Pickett is a
handsome woman, with a bright, in
telligent face, and she is accompanied
by her daughter, who promises to be
as fine-looking a woman as the moth
er. When the reunion occurred last
summer on the field of Gettvsburg
between the men of Pickett's divis
ion and the Pennsylvania veterans
who were a part of the force that
repulsed that splendid charge, Mr3.
Pickett was present, a centre of in
terest, and was as much compli
mented and admired by the " Yan
kee " soldiers as by the Southerners.
And here comes another face that
brings up more recollections of the
old stormy days of the civil war. A
man six feet tall, broad-shouldered,
smooth-faced and of commanding
appearance, passesalong in the crowd
chatting with friends and laughing
at the jokes interchanged between
them. It is Mosby, the famous gue
rilla chief, whose name at one time
during the war was a terror to the
Union soldiers. Now the only attack"
he makes upon a "Yankee" is to
invite him to sit down over a little
half-bottle of Pommery Sec and swap
stories about the old war- times and
laugh over their adventures.
In a few minutes you see coming
along from the other direction a man
of slight build, about five feet seven
inches in height and wearing the
regulation military cape and the old
cavalry hat with gold cord and acorn.
He has a very clear complexion,
white skin, bright eyes and white
moustaches and imperial. He is a
man who impresses you at once with
the idea that he is or has been of
some consequence, and that he cer
tainly must have been a soldier, be
cause the appearance of a soldier is
stamped upon him in every look and
gesture. It is Gen. Alfred Pleasan
ton, the famous cavalry officer,whose
name during the war was a-synonym
for dashing bravery and brilliant
The story of Pleasanton in the
great crisis during a great battle in
Virginia has been told over and over
again in song and story, when in the
supreme moment he asked for ten
minutes' time to get the artillery of
the Army of the Potomac in line to
repel the tremendous assault of the
Confederates that was sweepingevery
thiug before it and threatening to
crush the Union army With this
comes the memory of the other
Union cavalry officer, who at the
head of a few hundred cavalryman,
rode out against an assaulting force
of 20,000 men, smilingly bidding
uen. Pleasanton good-bye forever,
knowing that he and his men were
going to their death to secure the ten
minutes necessary te save the army.
Yet today Gen. Pleasanton, who is
better known in all foreign countries
than almost any other of the soldiers
of the civil war, lives in his native
city, the capital of his country, in
poverty, almost in want. And for
many years a bill to retire him as a
major has failed in Congress at every
session. . The old saying about the
"ingratitude of republics" is illus
trated in this instance to an extent
that is almost pathetic.
We will close our half-hour's ob
servation on the corner by mention
ing one or two things that will prob
ably strike people as somewhat pecu
liar. First, a lady walks by carrying
the usual little lunch-bag that dis
tinguishes the clerks in the depart
ments. ..The lady is a clerk in a de
partment and is the mother-in-law
of the head of one of the most im
portant bureaus of the government.
Just after her comes an old man ac
companied by a little boy. This old
gentleman is the father-in-law of a
United States Senator and is a clerk
in one of the departments.
Two young "gentlemen dressed iu
the extreme dude style, with Inver
ness ulsters, billy-cock " Darby "
hats, high collars, terra cotta gloves,
creased trousers and carrying canes
with enormous buck-horn and oxi
dized silver heads, come strolling by,
doffing-' their hats in the style whieh
is as truly English as they can make
it to the young ladies who go past,
leading dogs or being led by them.
They are the sons of United States
Senators, and their business in life
is to draw salaries as private secreta
ries, while paid stenographers do the
These are but a few of the things
that may be seen and thought of on
the corner of Pennsylvania avenue
and Fourteenth street on a pleasant
afternoon. Philadelphia Times.
A Persian--91 id as.
When passing an Arab's tent I met
a man from Shustor, who related
several anecdotes to me, among
which was the following version of
the story of Midas and his ass's ears.
King Shapur had horns, of which
he wp.s greatly ashamed. Feaiing
that his subjects might learn the fact
and that. his dignity might be thus
compromised, he ordered every bar
ber who shaved his head to be put
to death immediately afterward, so
that the secret might not transpire.
At length one who was about to ex
perience this fate succeeded in per
suading the king to spare his life,
and to employ no one else, && that
the secret which he took a solemn
oath not to reveal, might remain
with him alone. , For three years he
kept his oath, but at last, the secret
becominp1 too heavy a lead for him
to bear, to release himself from it he
went to the mouth of a well and
called out: "0, well! Know that
Kiug Shapur has horns." Shortly
afterward a sheperd passing by the
well cut a reed growiug at its edge
to make himself a pipe to pipe his
sheep. The first time he played
upon it, instead of music there only
came from it the words : "Shapur
has horns ! Shapur has horns !" The
kiug soon learned that his secret
had been betrayed and sent for the
barber, who confessed that al
though he had divulged it to no one,
according to his oath, he had been
compelled in consequence of the in
tolerable burden of keeping it to de
liver himself of it at the mouth of
the well. King Shapur accepted
his excuse and graciously pardoned
him. Early Adventures in Persia.
How to Boom a Town.
There are many ways of awaken
ing an interest in growing and pro
ductive sections, and we might de
vote considerable space to show the
best ways of accomplishing such
work. We will, however, quote from
the "Commonwealth," endorsing all
thatissaid on this importaut subject:
Talk about it.
Write about it.
Spak well of it.
Help to improve it.
Beautify the streets.
Patronize its merchants.
Advertise in its newspapnrs.
Speak well of its enterprising
public spirited citizens.
If you are rich.invest in something;
employ somebody; be a rustler.
If you don't think of any any good
word to say.don't say anything bad
Remember that every dollar you
invest in a permanent improvement
is that much on interest.
Be courteous to steangers that
come among you, so that thev may
go away with a good impression.
Always cheer up the men that go
in for improvements. Your portion
of the cost will be only what is just.
Don't kick about any necessary
public improvement because it is
not at your own door, or for fear
that your taxes would be raised
A physician says : "If a child does
not thrive on fresh milk, boil it."
Few children can stand boiling.
Written Signatures Binding.
Little Dick Howell was a boy who
surprised people. They called him
"Lazy Dick," because he loved to
get into sunny corners and think,
and he was not alwaJ-S ready for
work such as little fellows cau do.
But one day he said : "Pa, I want
a lot of money."
"Yes, Dick,-I have known other
folks who felt so Go to work and
"How?" asked Dick, who was
really in earnest for he longed for a
little express cart.
"Oh ! weed ths garden," said Mr.
Howell, growing absent-minded, as
he often became. He remembered
suddently a business letter he must
write, and so when Dick said, "Will
you give me a penny for every big
weed ?" his father suid "Yes."
Well, that night Dick amazed his
father by presenting him with four
hundred big weeds and eagerly
claimed four dollars. Mr. Howell
never broke his word to a child ; he
said he did not think what he was
promising, because he knew there
were too many weeds in his garden
foi such a bargain ; but he paid the
money, and Dick had the prettiest
cart in town. Not long after his
father said: "Dick, you and I
ought to have made a written con
tract about those weeds. If we had
I should not have agreed to such
terms. . A man thinks when he
signs his name. If I had been dis
honorable, too. I could have said I
never agreed to pay you a penny a
weed and you could not have proved
that I did. You must learn to write
your name before I do any more
business by contract with you. Then
we can each sign our names." And
so Dick's father went on to tell him
that soleman promises not to be
broken were made in writing, and
men who broke such promises were
men that nobody could trust.
Chickens ox a Spree. Mrs. A. C.
Davis, of Findlay, O., yesterday
opened' a can of peaches, and, dis
covering that they had "worked''
considerably, threw them into' the
back yard. Not long after the
chickens on the premises began eat
ing the spoiled fruit, and, as the
"working" had generated alcohol,the
fowls soon became gloriously drunk,
swaggering about in the most ridi
culous manner. One staid old roos
ter, who had never been known to
indulge in a fight, became very tight,
flew over the fence into a neighbor's
3Tard, attacked a rooster twice his
size and got licked. He managed to
get home again, however, and with
the hens soon became so-drunk that
they dropped over, apparently dead;
When Mr. Davis come home in the
evening he threw the whole flock
over the back fence, supposing that
they had been poisoned. In the
course of a short time the rooster
came to, crowed lustily and soon his
companions sobered up also, but for
awhile they acted as if they had a
Thanhs- at Both EifDs. tittle
Fred D and his father and mother
were going to board with a neigh
bor for two weeks while the house
was undergoing repairs. Fred was
delighted at the prospect.
"Mamma," he said, "didn't you
say I must thanii God for every good
"Shall I thank him because we are
going to board ?"
"Yes, if you like."
When the two weeks had expired,
and the last dinner at the boarding
house had been eaten, Fred leaned
back in his chair, and heaving a'Jong
sigh of relief, said, in the hearing of
the hostess :
"Now, let's thank God we've' got'
through boarding." Bostcn Globe.
Thank God She's Lit. Ax com
mercial tourist informs the Aniris
ton Watchman that as he was com
ing over from Atlanta a few dajs
since, an old lady boarded his train
at Tallapoosa, occupied a seat near
him, and from her actions was ex
periencing her first-ride on the cars.
The train was moving at a high rate
of speed when it ran on the hifch
trestle between Anniston and that
place, where it seemed as if the
train was suspended.in mid-air. The
old lady convulsively grasped the
seat and seemed to hold her breath
until the opposite side of the chasm
was reached, when she gave a deep
sigh of relief and exclaimed :
"Thank God, she's lit !"
They tell this story of Congress
man Herbert of Alabama : His
youngest daughter, " who is at a
Washington boarding school,, was
entertaining two young lady friends
from her home. One day the Con
gressman called and sent up word
that he had come to take his daugtb
er and "the young ladies irom Ala
bama" to the matinee. Pretty soon
Miss Herbert and a dozen bright
girls, all from Alabama, came rush
ing down stairs, exclaiming : "Oh,
how perfectly lovely of you, Mr.
Herbert, to take us all." The Con
gressman made the best of the situ
ation au4 paid the bill gracefully.
THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
Comparlfton of School Finances
Southern Stales, Ac.
Estimating the increase of popula
tion to be in the same proportion as
the increase of children according to
the school census, I present the fol
lowing statistics for January 1st, 1886:
Expenditures per cap
ita on total population.
Maryland $i si
Noith Carolina 41
South Carolina 3'.)
Virginia -. 87
West Virginia 1 50
Texas ; 1 07
Florida. . . . : .t 1 14
Missouri 1 78
. These are all Southern' States.
Kentucky is left out fotf Want of sat
isfactoiy statistics at command.
Of these States North Carolina'
expends less money for schools .peb
capita on her whole population than
any other except South Carolina and
Georgia, and only about one-half as
much as Virginia or Arkansas.
The column of "expenditures per
capita of total population" affords a
very fair comparative view of what
we are doing in public school mat
ters, 'and in the comparison we are'
put in no favorable light.
When we consider carefully the'
column of "Total assessed value of
property" and calculate the rate of
taxation necessary to raise the total
amounts expended in the different
States we find our rate would be less
than that of any of the States named
except South Carolina and Georgia.
If all the expenditures were raised
from tax on r-KOPEKTY the rate would
be 39 cents cn $100 in Maryland ; 33"
cents in North Carolina ; 28 cents in
South Carolina ; 46 cents in Tennes
see ; 43 cents in Virginia ; 21 cents
in Georgia ; 44 cents in Alabama ; 60
cents in Mississippi ;: 66 cents in
Arkansas; 65 cents in West Vir
ginia; 44 cents in Florida, and 59
cents in. Missouri.
If it be said that some of these
States? have peimauent State funds,
the interests of which goes to the
support of the schools it will be"
found upon examination that this is
really a very small item compara
tively, and that annual taxation in
ail these States,; as well as in all the'
Northern States, i3 mainly relied
upon to support the schools.
I have not selected a year that
would make the worst showing for
our State. Looking back for about
four years, I find that much the same
proportions existed, cvd that the
year I have selected shows us in a
favorable a light as any other.
According to the assessed valua
tion of our property we are far f rom
doing as much for public education
as most of our sister Southern
States. This is apparent not only
from the proportionally smaller
amount of money expended, but by
the short annual school terms, Vir
ginia having 118 days, Alabama 83
days, Mississippi 78 days, Tennes
see 80 days, Arkansas 102 days,
while we have only 60 days.
These figures seem to show not'
only that we are far behind, but also
that we are able to do better.
The total expenditures in the
States above named was $17,833,185.
In all the States of the Union the
expenditure was 1111,304,927.
S. M. Finger,
Supt. Public Instruction.
Notwithstanding the general idea
that cotton is capable of spontane
ous ignition, it is neverthlefts a fact
that this phenomenon has never yet
occurred. Owing to the recent fifty
disasters, Mr. Dupre, chemist at
Liverpool, England, was commis-"
sioned to ascertain the cause of the
burning" of the packet boat, "City
of Montreal." Without any suc
cess, he made all possible expert
naentsto provoke the spontaneous
ignition of cotton. According to th
chemical analysis, it was admitted
that Indian cotton would be more'
liable to spontaneous combustion,
however it never ignited, the Ameri
can and Egyptian cotton having
alone this unfortunate privilege.
We are sure now that cotton is quite
as inflammable as gun powder ; a
spark falling on a bale at the mo
ment of its being put on board or
unloaded on the quay, will suffice
for a fire to break out at sea on the
quay, or even in the factory. Cot
ton often burns slowly, stopping'
smoke and smell, and fire does not
burst cut often for sometime. The
remedy consists in avoiding the4
presence of fire of any kind in the
locality of the cotton, and in inclos
ing the bales - with a more or less
combustible matter. The result is
perfectly satisfactory for Indian
cotton, which never ignities when
the bales are inclosed in a special'
wrapper of linen cloth, manufac
tured at Dundee, Scotland. More
ever, the bales should be lighter,
like those of India, so that they
could be more readily manoeuvre?"
without the aid of hooks which tear
the covering. French paper.