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A SPAA/S/f BALLAD.
DURING THE CONQUEST OF ORANAPA.
Warriors brave and lovers dear
l.islen to the words I sine,
Prudence wbisperinß in your enr,
Breathees in echoes from the string.
Silently vile traitors move,
Vengeance seeks a warrior brave,
Hearken to this lay of love.
Glory tails beneath the glaive.
Stranger ! List this humble note
Treason spreads its meshes near,
Speedily may warnings float
Zephyrs waft them to my car.
Predictions About 1880
In a pamphlet recently published by the
author, Professor Grimmer asserts : "From
1880 to IPB7 will be ono universal carnival
of death." Asia will be depopulated, Eu
rope nearly so, America will lose fifteen mil
lion people, Besides plagues, we nre to have
storms and tidal waves, mountains are to
"toss their heads through the choicest val
leys," navigators will be lost by thousands
owing to the "capricious deflexnres of the
magnetic needle," and islands will appear
and disappear iu mid-occnn. All the beasts,
birds and fishes will be diseased ; famine and
human strife will destroy most of the few
human beings teft alive by plague ; and final
ly, "two years of fire"—from 1885 to '.887
will rage with fury in every part of the
globe. In 1887, the "Star of Bethlehem"
will "reappear in Cassiopeia's Chair," the
immediate results being universal war and
protentious floods and shipwrecks. North
America is again to be invovlved in civil war
unless a "Napoleon arises to quell it ; but
during these terrible days the Pacific States
will be a veritable Paradise of Peace com
pared to tbe hellish 6trife that will be waging
throughout the world." The few people
that may manage to survive till 1887 will
have reason to be thankful.
Ex-Gov. Win. Allen, of Ohio, in
Charleston had fifteen deatfm from
heat last Saturday was a week.
New York imported $1,043,326 worth
of wool within the past sis worths.
There were twenty-four prostrations
from heat iu St. Louis on the 11th.
Weston, the walker, has walked with
in the past twelve years 53,000 miles.
Cos, -the negro murderer, of Mrs
Hull, in New York, is now playing in
A number of Southern and Western
towns have established a quarantine
Judge Ray died of yellow fever, in
Memphis, on the 13th, aud was buried
Edison needs platinum to operate his
electric light and offers £20,000 for the
discovery of a mine of that metal.
A wealthy old lady died in Missis
sippi week before last and willed her
estate, a large one to Jefferson Davis.
A young lady in Washington wants
020,000 from Senator Gordon's son, of
Georgia, for breach of promise and
The National Hoard of Health has
issued an order urging upon all cities,
towns and sanitary organic itions to
secure the best possible sanitary condi
tion of the plaees and people under
The papers are begtnning to bting
out tbe names of aspirants for the
Governorship. Thus tar about a dozen
have been mentioned, and the list is not
full by half. A first rate way to
slaughter men iB to bring them before
the publio so far ahead oi time and get
their friends to fighting over them.—
The body of the dead Prince Napo
leon, which was embalmed and brought
back from Africa, was buried at Cbisel
burst, Eogland, where the Empress, his
mother, resides, on the 12th inst. The
funeral was a grand affair besides tbe
royal family and leading nobility of
England who were present as mourners
there were representatives from nearly
all tbe goyernments of Europe.
The Dank of Eogland oovers five
acres of gound, and employs nine hun
dred clerks There are no windoiffc on
the street Light is admitted through
open oourts; no mob could take tbe
bank, therefore, without cannon to bat
ter down tbe immense walls. The olook
in the centre of the bank has fifty dials
attached to it. Lirge cisterns are sunk
in the conrt, and engines, in perfect
order, are always in readiness in case of
fire This bank was incorporated in
We havo before us four silver ooins,
a dollar, two half dollars and a dime, all
of whioh have boles pierced through
them. It is not, perhaps, generally
known that for any person to subtract a
portion of the silver or gold from a ooin
of the United States so as to make it of
less weight or value than it ought to be
pursuant to law is a statuable offense,
whioh is punishable by imprisonment for
not more than two years, and by a fine
of not more than 82.000. It is a mean
thing to mutilate the coins of the coun
try, even apart from tbe purpose of
effecting a little gain thereby, as it
destroys the beauty of their artistio ap
pearance Baltimore Snn.
DANBURY, N. C., THURSDAY, JULY 24, 1879.
Sinecures, Shams aud Idlers,
During the last two Congresses the
Republican majority in the Senate was
an obstacle to every reform and to every
bill of retrenchuie.nt proposed by the
House of Representatives. All reduc
tions in public expenditures had to be
extorted from a reluctant party, and
were obtained only by the force ol pub
lic opinion, added to the determination
of the popular branch to cut off the
most onnspicuous abut.es, or to let the
appropriations fail and thus make up
the issue fur the oountry. Ihis- alter
native forced the Senate to concessions
that otherwise would not have been
While this antagonism existed, no
systematic plan of economy based on a
searching investigation into every part
of the public service was at all practi
cable Consequently much remains to
be done in this direction, and the re
sponsibility oi failure rests with tbe
Democrats ; now in a majority in both
Houses. Tbe spirit manifested in tbe
Forty-fourth Congress, when they first
got a foot-bold, has very much cooled
since that time, and the cry of "Reform
and Retrenchment!" no longer resounds
with the volume that it had four years
ago. Possession of power-seems to di
minish the zeal of leaders who shouted
themselves hoarse in 1874, when de
manding a check on Republican corrup
tion and extravagance.
Toward the close of the late session,
Mr. Beck proposed the appointment of
a joint committee to examine and report
what changes ought to be made in the
mode /.if guardiug and collecting the
revenue from customs or internal taxa
tion, and in tbe management of the
various departments and bureaus of the
Government with a view to efficiency
and economy in tbe service ; also, wheth
er changes from permanent to annual
appropriations would be advantageous to
Unfortunately, this resolution was not
passed for want of time, while a dozer,
others of far les9 importance and intend
ed mostly for junketing excursions were
rushed through without much opposi
tion. The publio interest usually is
obliged to march in the rear of personal
pleasure and convenience, no matter
which party happens to hold cou&oi of
It is believed that from twenly to
tweuty-five per cent, of tho aggregate
cost of the civil service might be out
off without impairing its iffioiency
Certainly this is true to the fullest ex
tent of all the departments at Washing
ton, which are weighed down with idlers>
sinacures and sham*. In the customs
branch one fifth of the offices do not
pay expenses. Collectors, appraisers,
inspectors, and the like, are kept up for
political roasons alone.
Four independent organizations oper
ate along the ooaßts ; namely, the Coast
Survey, the Lighthouse Board, the
Revenue Marine, and the Life-Saving
Service. They would be far more suf
ficient under one head, and might be
managed with half the present expense
But they want to be separato and dis
tinct from each other in order to per
petuate the bureaucratio system and to
multiply offices with big salaries
What is true of the Custom Houses is
also true in another form of the internal
revenue service. During the last two
years some two hundred and fifty new
distilleries have been licensed or opened.
Many of them are too small to pay tbe
salaries of the storekeepers and gangers
employed to watch them. When they
■top running for four or five months, the
offioials are paid to watob a few barrels
of whiskey, wbiob, in many instances, if
sold, would not pay tbe day wages of a
single watohman. It would be easy to
bring together tbe stocks of these small
producers, and tbus afford greator secu
rity to them, while the ooet to the
Treasury would be largely diminished.
The practioe of permanent appropria
tions, which in their nature are indefi
nite, ought to be at onoe abolished, with
the single exception of the interest on
the publio debt, about whioh there can
to no discretion exercised. Under thia
system the Secretary of tbe Treasury
regulates the custuuis service without
any supervision of Congress, and mil
lions are expended in other departments,
wholly unknown to tbo public, and in
deed to Congress itself. Take a few
'(lustrations to show the working of the
f Jtstem :
Between 1870 and 1878**tlie annual
i ppropriations for tbe War Department
nent appropriations, not seen or heard
of except by the initiated, summed up
$56,000,000. The annual appropria
tions for the customs Bervice in the Bame
period amounted to $02,000,000, while
the permanent appropriations reached
0104 000,000 lu these eight years the
miscellaneous annual appropriations vo
ted were 8265,000,000, aud the perma
nei t appropriations 856,000,000. Here
is a total of two huudred aud sixteen
in round numbers, nnder t'ltee
ijt »uo p'iblio service, lor perma
nent appropriations in eight years, not a
dollar of which passed review or ciiti
ciatu in Congress!
This laxity, when fairly considered,
is astounding. Millions have been
squandered and stolen through the op
portanities which are thus afforded by *
discretion that is mostly exercised by
subotdinates. It is easy to understand,
from this general statement, that many
millions might be saved every year with
a strict administration of tbe public ser
vice, while other millions could be added
to that large possible economy by a re
duction of the army to the wants of the
oountry. This is part of the work laid
out for the majority at the next regular
session in December.— N. V Sun.
Tho Oreat Railroad Schcmo.
We have never known our State cx
changes to have so much to say about
home improvements. A new energy has
been brought to bear, and new interest
bas been excited in bebah' of internal im
provements. This promises well. When
an enlightened press unite in behalf of
any movement, specially of one that
promises beneficent results, a great im
petus must be giveu and important endi
It is only within a year that onr peo
p!° bepsn ,0 awake from a long sleep in
regard to building new lines of travel
and opening up new highways of com
merce. Since then many writers and
speakers have been hammering away
and with encouraging results.
The people of Wilmington aud this
section of North Carolina are really
much ooncerned in the completion of tbe
great railroad scheme that begins op
among the Blue Ridge Mountains, and
running through the Yadkin Valley ends
at Wilmington or Bald Head. The peo
ple of the mountains desire and demand
an cutlet to the Bea. The Cape Fear
and Yadkin Valley Railroad, with its
extension to Mt. Airy and the regions
beyond, will give tbeni the needed outlet!
It will, when finished, prove a great
blessing and convenience to them, and
be a source of profit and commercial ad
vantage to Wilmington aud Fayetteville
The completion of that road is unques
tionably of great importance, aud par
ticularly to this commercial entrepot
Tbe road, as we have before had occasion
to say, more than once, will rnn through
a rich and beautiful country. The
teeming productions of the mountain
oountry will be emptied into our lap
A new incentive will be given to the
people of that great section, and pro
duction will be stimulated in a wonder
ful degree. The line fiom Wilmington
or Smitbville, to the Western terminus
will be over three hundred miles. The
road will pass through seciious rich in
soil, in minerals, in forests, and in pro
ductions ot various kinds. The people
of tbe Fast and the West will be drawn
closer together and learn more of eaoh
other. There will be constant communi
cation. Peace and goodwill will prevail;
each section will be tributary to the
other's prosperity, and a better and
brighter time will be in store for all.
Sucb appears to be tbo outlook. We
can but hope that tbe road will be
speedily built, and that the hopes of may
be fully realised. The people of Wil
mington—its business men specially,
should be forward in encouraging it in
every possible way this grand and attrac
tive scheme. It is for them to say in
what practical way their approval of the
new and importaut route shall bo ex
pressed. Tbe main point is that there
shall be hearty approval, and that this
approval shall be immediate aud practi
cal.— Wilmington Star.
Dry buokwheat draws grease out of
any woolen stuff.
A Stand for State Rights
Boston heard some sound word? on the
4th of July touching the great question
as to which Mr. Garfield has BO rashly
committed the Republican party ro a po j
eition fatally inoowisteut alike with the
best memories and the best hopes of tbe
American people. A young Boston
speaker already well known ihrongh his
serious and independent studies in our
history, Mr. Henry Cabot Lodge, spoke
some certain truths to the listening ear
of Boston such ns ficst n has not listened
to for many • day past. Nothing could
be wore accurate ot more fearless than
Mr Lodge's presentation of the truu
origin and weaning and importance of
the mneh misrepresented doctrine ol
State Rights, nothing more outspoken
and in»nly l!'sn his denunciation of the
ri°chicf done by the war to the popular
appreciation of the part played by the
doctrine of State Rights in tbe develop
ment *f our liberties Congress has
uuhed lor words like these which we now
quote from some Northern legislator
speaking ns one having authority :
"Foreign critics have sometimes found
fan't with our excessive revcrenoe for
the Constitution. We do well to vener
ale that which has made us a nation.
But let UB beware of mere lip-service
and take care that in practice we submit
to .md observe it. We are too ready to
inftinge both the letter and the spirit of
the Constitution in the excitement of
party contests Nothing can be more
futal, for within its sacred limits lies tbe
well being of our political system.
"Within those limits, too, lies the de
feated principle in the great conflict be
tween nationality and separatism. In
the last decisive struggle the rights of
Slates were sorely wounded It could
not have been otherwise when their most
zealous advocatos used them as the sword
and shield of slavery and dashed them
against the strong rock of national ex
igence. The injury then suffered by
the rights of States is the gravest result
of thft war, simply from its effects upon
our minds and habits of thought We
lnvc been insensibly led to regard a vio
lation of State rights with indiffnrenoe,
ii not with approval. The principle of
States' rights is ar vital ond essential as
the national priuciple itaeif. If the for
mer, carried to extremes, means anarchy,
the latter, carried to like extremes, means
centralization and despotism. So long
ns we have the strong barrier of the
States we arc safe from usurpation and
plebiscites. Here in the North States'
rights have naturally bccomo words of
evil significance and are even used to re
vile political opponents. This is not
only bad in itself, but it involves an
amount of historical hypocrisy whioh is
intolerably. The most moagrc outline of
our history suffices to show unmistakably
that the separatist principle has existed
everywhere and has at some time burst
forth everywhere into dangerous activity.
If this teaohes nothing else, it should at
least enforce the wholesome doctrines of
consistency and charity.
"That separatism should have existed
everywhere was not only natural but in
evitable. The government of each State
was old, familiar and beloved when the
Union was formed. The State repre
sented the past With its existence were
eni wined all the memories aud traditions
which carried men back to the toils and
sufferings of their hardy ancestors who
had made homes in the wilderness that
their ohildren might be free and receive
a continent for their inheritance. The
hearts of men were bound up in their
States. The Federal Governmental first
appealed only to their reason or their in
terest. To thoir States they turned ss
the objeots of their first allegimce This
sentiment know neither North nor South,
East nor W(*t Nothing is moro false
than to associate the doctrine of States'
rights with any particular part of the
country, or exclusively with those States
which last invoked its aid. Nothing is
plainer than that the States and the
party in power have always been strongly
national, while the minority, call it by
what party name you will, bas as steadily
gruvituted toward States', rights There
bas never been a inouicnt of peculiar
stress aud bitterness when the truth of
this has not been brought home with
Never be augry with a man who
threatens to blow your brains out. H
After the Eevival.
There is a Bible in England bound ia
solid geld Its pages are the finest paroh
tuent, its margins are illuminated with
rare and curious workmanship. It ia a
costly relic, the property of the British
Sovereign, kept under look and key, and
guarded with untiring c-»re. Yet, after
all, it is only a dead thing, penned by
the band of souie old monk, painted by
the fingor of somo oloister nun. There
it lies entombed in its grave of glass; in
! itself it has no life, neither can it give
life to others It is not for a moment to
be compared with the humblest Chris
tian who lives or lodges in some lowly
cottage, and who is not a dead but a
living Bible. Pearls of the East, dia
monds of the sea, are on tfce Wards of
that Bile; what are these to the orna
ments of a meek and quiet spirit T
What is that dead parchment to a death
less soul and a heart instinct with life ?
What that ink fading and rusting be
neath the eye of time to the blood in
which the spirit dips his finger and
writes living truth upon a liviug soul T
Anybody could write a Hibl«. With a
feather plucked from a sea-bird's wing I
could write the Bible on a paper page.
With iron forged in the fire I could
trace the Bible on the rugged rock.
But ah ! to write living truth upon a
living heart, that is the work of the
Holy Spirit. It is only the spirit that
can write on spirit. It is only the God
who created that can convert the * >ul
xV Y. Observer.
A Saint in a Cave.
Vernet, the -grandfather of the iate
famous French painter of the same name,
relates that he was once employed to
paint a landscape with a cave and Samt
Jerome in it. lie accordingly painted
a landscape with St. Jerome at the ent
rance of the cave. When he delivered
the pioture, the purchaser, who under
stood nothing of perspective, said ; "The
landscape and the cave are well made;
but the saint is not in the cave." "I
understand you, sir," replied Vernet.
''l will alter it." He therefore took tl.fl
painting, and made the shade darker, *o
that the saint seemed to sit further ia.
The purchaser took the painting; but it
again appeared to him that the figure
was Dot in the c.ve. Vernet then ob
literated the figure, and gave it to the
purchaser, who now at last seemed per
fectly satisfied. Whenever he showed
the pioture to strangers he said ; ''Here
you have a pioture by Vernet, with St.
Jerotue in the cave." "But we cannot
see the saint," the wsitors would reply.
'•Excuse me, gentlemen," the possessor
would answer; "he is there; for I have
seen him standing at the entrance, and
afterward further back, and am therefore
quite sure that ho is in it!"— CfiamLert
It is a matter of relief to know that
but few elections will take plaoe this
year. Kentucky elects a Governor and
Legislature on August the 4th. Cali
fornia, on the 3rd of September, elects
all officers from the Governor down, in
cluding a Legislature. This body will
elect the successor of Senator Booth
Maine follows on the 9th of September
electing a Governor and Logiblaturo.
The Ohio contest will culminate on the
14th of October, when will be eleoted a
Governor and Legislature— the latter to
choose a Senator to fill Mr. Thurman's
seat. Then comes the November eleo.
tions, when Maryland, Massachusetts,
Mississippi, Virginia, New Jersey, New
York and Wisconsin eleot a variety of
officers in that month.
RAPID RAILROAD WOHK.—ST. LOUIS,
June 28 —The preparations for ohanging
the gaugo of the St. Louis,. Iron Mean>
tain and Southern railway, which have
been in progress for the past two months,
culminated last night, and at daybreak
this morning over three thousand men
oomuienoed the work of shifting the
rails, and long before night the entire
line, extending from St. Louis to Texar
kana, nearly seven hundred miles, had
beon changed from five feet to the
standard gauge of lour I'eot eight and a
Uucle Jumbo was caught with a sto
len chicken hid in bis hat, and when
asked bow it came there he replied,
"Fore de Lord, boss, dat fowl mutt 'a
; crawled up my breeches leg."