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O. F. DAT, ALBERT JONES
DAY & JONES,
SADDLERY, HARNESS, COLLARS,
Wo. 336 W. Baltimore street, Baltimore, Md
B. r. Kisti, with
JOHNSON, SUTTON & C 3.,
Nos. 17 and as South Sharp Street.,
T. W JOHNSON, R. M. SUTTON.
t. I. R. CKAUUIt, 0. J. JOHNSON.
11. H. MARTINDALE, WITH
WM. J. 0. DULANY k CO ,
Stationers' ami Uu»ksellers' Ware
SCHOOL BOOKS A SPECIALTY.
Stationery of all kinds. Wrapping Paper,
Twines, Bonnet Hoards, Paper Blinds.
»3J W. BALTIMORKST., BALTIMORE, MD
R. J. A R. !!. BEST, WITH
IIEXitV SONNKBOItN k CO.,
20 Hanover Street, (between German and
H. 80KNEBUN, B. SLIMLINE
C. W ATKINS. \"f W. B. ROBERTSON
O. L. COTTRELL. / \ A. S. WATKINS.
WAIkIVS, COTTRELL & CO.,
Importers and Jobbers of
1307 Main Street,
Agents for Fairbanks'* Standard Scales,
and Anker Brand Bolting Cloth.
August 26, 1880.
JNO. W. HOLLAND, WITH
T. A. BRYAN Ji CO.,
Maokfacturers ot FRENCH and AMERICAN
CANDIES, in every variety, ana
wholesale dealers in
IfRUITS, NUTS, CANNED GOODS, CI
3*9 and 341 Baltimore Street, Baltimore, Md.
MT* Orders from Merchants solicited.
WILLI AII DKVHICB, WILLIAM H. UKVHIIS,
eiftlSTlAU UKYhIES, ol's., SOLOMON KIMMELL.
WILLIAM DEVRtES k CO.,
Importers and Jobbers of
Foreiga and Domestic Dry Goods aud
>ll West Baltimore Street,(between Howard
and Liberty,) BALTIMORE.
J. W. MENEFEE,
PEARRE BROTHERS k CO.
Importers and Jobbers of Dry Goods.
MliN'S WEAR A SPECIALTY.
If OS. 2 and 4 Hanover Street,
Angusts , '8o —6m. BALTIMORE.
boiirt w. rowans. iuqar d. taylo .
R W POWERS k CO.,
PAINTS, OILS, DYES, VARNISHES,
French and American
WINDOW GtliABS, PUTTY, £C.,
CIGARS, SMuKINU AND CHEWING*
TOBACCO A SPECIALTY.
1305 Main St., Bichmond, Va.
J. W. RANDOLPH k ENGLISH,
BOOKSELLERS, STATIONERS, AN
1318 Mainrtreet, Richmond.
A Large Stock qf LA W BOOKS always on
J. R. ABBOTT. OF N 0.,
WIUCO, ELLETT & CRUMP,
Wholesale Dealers in
BOOTS, SHOES, TBUNKS, &C.
Prompt attention paid to orders, and satis
f&- Virginia Stale Prison Ooodi a specially.
March, 6. m.
8. T. DAVIS
Manufacturers and Dealers in
BOOTS, SHOES AND BROUANS,
No. 31 Sharp Street, Baltimore Md.
legost 141 879.
Do you know ray sweetheart, sir?
She li:is fled anl gone away
I've lost my love; pray tell to me
Have you see* her pass to day ?
Dewv bluebells are her eyes,
Golden corn her waving hair ;
Her cheeks are of .the blusli-rosas :
Hare you seen this maiden fair ?
White lilies are her neck, sir;
And her breath the eglantine;
Her rosy lips the red carnations,
Such is she, this maiden mine.
The light wind is her laughter,
The murmuring brook her song ;
Her tears, so fail of tender pity,
In the clouds are borne along.
The sunbeams arc her smiles,
The lfa.es her iootsleps light j
To kiss each coy flower into life
Is my true lover's delight.
I will tell yo who she is, x
And bow all things become her.
Ber.d down, that I may whisper,
My sweetheart's nime is—"Summer."
—LiUell'i Living Age.
President Jackson and His Door-
When Jackson waa President Jimmy
O'Neill, the Irish doorkeeper of the
White Ilousa, wis a marked character,
He had his foibles, which offended the
lastidiousneas of the President's nephew
and Si)creta r y, Major Donelson, who
caused his dismissal on an average of
about ofice a week. But on appeal to
higher courts the verdict was always
reversed by the good nature of the old
General. Oaoe, however, Jimmy was
guilty of some flagrant offence, and
being summoned before the President
himself was thus addressed : "Jimmy,
I have borne with you for years in spit
of all complaints ; but this goes beyond
my powers of endurance." "And do
you believe the story 7" asked Jimmy
"Certainly," answered the General "I
have just heard it from two Senators "
"Faith," retorted Jimmy, "if I believed
all that twenty Sinntors say about you,
it's little I'd think you was fit to bo
President." "Pshaw ! Jimmy," con
cluded I he General "clear out, and go
back to your duty, but be more careful
hereafter" Jimmy not only retained
his place to the close of Jaokson's Presi
dential t;rui, but accompanied him back
to the Hermitage, and was with him to
the day of his death.
The Ministar's Cow.
An exchange tells this droll story of
a clergyman's experiment and how it
Some years ago there lived in Central
New York a very worthy and respecta
ble divine known as Father Gobs. He
had a hired man named Isaac, who
always obeyed orders without question
Father Goss bought a cow one day
which proved ref.ietory when milked,
refusing to surrender the lacteal fluid,
although Isaac used all (be persuasive
arts of which he was mastci. He Gnally
reported her delinquencien to his master.
"Well, Isaae," said he, "go to the
barn and get thjso pieees of djw rope."
Isaac obe> ed ; the cow wai driven into
the stablo, tied with a piece of the rope,
when the Rev. came out, armed with a
"Now," he exclaimed to Isaac, "I will
get on the cow's back and you tie my
feet beneath her, then you go on with
your milking, with my weight od her
back she must give down her milk.
Isaao obeyed. The feet wero tied,
the pail get and milking commenced.
Hut bossy objeoted, and plunged wild
ly about. The stable was low, and the
Rev.'s head was fearfully thumped
"Oh, Isaao, Isaao !" bawled he, "out the
Isaao seized the knife and out—not the
rope which tieu tho master's feet, but
one that tied the cow. The stable gate
was opoo, also the yard gate.
Away darted the frantio cow, the
terrified man on her back, helplessly
roaring : "Stop her, stop her I"
While madly careering down the
road be met a parishioner, who exoitedly
called : "Why, Mr Goes, where are you
"Only God and this cow koow !"
groaned he : "I don't"
The animal was finally caught and
the man released, much frightened but
The age of gianta has returned.
Within six months seven gianta over
eight feet in height have appeared in
New York city The latest addition
was Ileorik Urusted, a Norwegian, who
arrived Monday. He it eight feet tall
and weight 400 pound*.
D ANBURY, N. (J., THURSDAY, JUNE 9, 1881.
Restoring Fertility With Clover.
From Dr Harlan's work on "I'arm
ing," ws mako the following ex raot :
It is a very oomtnon practise among
agricultural writers to advise all persons
having lar,*e (arms which arc ic a very
poor condition to sell one half or two
thirds of their iaud, and apply all (he
money they reoeive in manuring and im
proving the balance of their property.
In some case 9 this may be the most
prudent course to follow, but, us a gen
eral rule, I am opposed to this advice
for two very good reasons :
First, you can get but very little per
acre for your poor fialds ; and secondly,
if you improve your property with judg
mer.t, you can enhance its v*lua so rap
idly that in seven or eight years it will
ba worth double or treble its former val
To begin your improvement, take tbe
old field about half a utile from the house
and which is now covered with thin yel
low grass and a mellow soil about one or
two inches deep, produced by many years
of exposure to the weather
It has never been plowed since you
knew it. And, I beg you, do not ulow
it now at the beginning of your efforts
to make it better. Let me show you
what a coating of fine mellow earth is
worth on the surface.
In Egypt the annual overflow of the
Nile deposits on the land a thin stratum
of very fine soil, which amounts to only
four or five inches in a century. This
yearly settling, which is only tho twen
tieth of an inch in thickness, of almost
impalpable dust, keeps the farms forever
rich aod productive. The Egyptians do
not plow this precious coat under, but
bow the Beed on the moist ground as the
waters subside, and then, il possible,
they drive sheep and hogs or goats over
it to press the seed into the soil.
We should all learn a useful lesson
from their example and experience. We
should not plow dowu the only part
whicn the air has enriched by mingling
and uniting with it for bo ntany years,
but early in the spring we should harrow
ail many acres of the old field os we can
sow with clover seed at one peck to tho
acre. After the seed.is sown, we should
roll the ground and sow one or two
bushels of plaster per aero.
The principal roots of all plants must
be near the surface, that they may fee'
the life giving influence of air and mois
ture, or the soil must be loosened by na
ture or by tillage, that the atmosphere
may penetrate oven to the deepest fihors
of vegetation. Hence tho reason that
plant food acts so well upoo the surface,
aod that all seeds germinate more
quickly, more naturally, when covered
by only oao or two inches of soil. But
these great truths must not be misun
dcrstood. Though the Boil must be loose,
the finer the seed the greater the neces
sity when planting or Bowing of pressing
the hand or foot or roller the earth into
close contact with the grain.
I remember a little incident which will
illustrate this subject and fix it in the
mind. An old sea captain who lived in
our neighborhood tried every year to
raise for himself a little tobacco. He
prepared a little patch of ground with
the greatest care. The space was as fine
and rich and mellow as he could mako
it. Then he sowed the seed and raked
it over once more very gently.
Yet, uiuoh to his surprise and vexa
tion, only a few stalks grew each year
But one spring, after the little bed had
been sown with all tbe usual care, some
fellow, to worry the old captain, went
secretly on it and tramped and tramped,
and danoed and tramped it till it wasi
to all appearance, as hard and solid as
the most frequented public road. The
poor old man gave him a seaman's bless
ing, whosoever he might be, and left it
to its fate But his next visit to it he
was astonished to see the tthole bed cov
ered with vigorous plants of tobacoo-
It seemed that every seed had grown
He had a grand crop. Atur that he
could always raise tobacco He tramped
the ground himself after tbe seed was
Well, to return to our old field If
the cloyer should grow five or six inches
high by the middle of August, give it a
half or a whole bushel more of plaster
per aero. The seoond year you mutt
treat it in the same way, and if the
clover ia thin on the gruund, aow more
seed, and again roll it well. Do all this
the third and fourth year if necessary.
After this it will re soed itself, provided
you continue the plaster each year.
Here is a practical illustration of this
plant which I know to be the laot,
A person bought a very poor farm
near the southern boundary of Pennsyl
vania, and tried to raise grain upbn it
in the usual way. But no kind grew
large or strong enough to produce seed
Fortunately, ho did not sacrifice the pro
perty by gelling it at a very low figure,
as many would havo done. Ho sowed
every acre of it with clover seod and
plastered it every year. For a living he
f.fifowed the profession of an auctioneer.
About seven or eight or more years
the clover grew upon Ira farm, undis
turbed by plow or hoof of any kind-
Then he couoludcd to try his hand again
at farming. Many of his neighbors
gathered to sec the first plowing after so
long a rest from tillage.
Au old farmer who was present assur
ed uie that the soil turned over eight or
nine inches deep as black as your hst
and as mellow as an ash heap.
More than fifty years now passed
since the occurrence, aud the farm has
the reputatiou of being rich ai.d prcduo
live to the present day.
Cost of Fences.
An agricultural writer says : ''Tbe
fences of tbe United States have cost
more than the bouses in town aud coun
try, tuoro than tire ships and boats of
every sort, more than the manufactures
and their machinery, uiore than any
other class of property except, perhaps,
real estate and railroads."
Thissaems extravagant at firsttbougbt,
but it is not. Solon Robinson says the
first cost of the fences of New York was
$144,000,000. Estimating the first cost
of the fences of other States on this
basis, and tho whole amounts to 81,290,-
000,000. Tho (cooes require to be re
newed onco in ten years, at an annual
cost ol S!&0,000,000. Nicholas Biddle
estimated the cost of keeping up the
fences of Pennsylvania at 810,000,000
a year. This was forty years ago. It
probably costs twice that now. General
VVorlhington, of Ohio, when president
of the State Board of Agriculturo of
that State 6ome twenty years ago, said
there woro in that State 18,000,000 acres
of laud, inclosed by 45,000 miles offence
at an original cost of $115,000,000 and
a yearly expense for repairs of about
$8,000,000. Iloraco Greeley says : "We
impoverish ourselves to build fences
which poison the land by funishiug shel
ter for weeds. Why should we not dis
penso with them 7" Tnere is another
cost of the fence not yet named A zig
zag ot; worm fence occupies five acres of
land for every hundred inclosed, which
is a live per cent, tax on tbe lands of the
whole country There are few fences iu
Europe. Illinois has more than all Ger
many. There every man is required to
fence his stock in , hence nobody is ob
liged to fence other people's stock out.
America should adopt tbe same sensible
plan. It would lessen our expenses im
mensely and add greatly to tbe beauty
and picturesque appearance of the coun
The Kind of a Follow He Was.
A very high-toned looking young man
in exquisite moustache, loud plaid olothes,
red neoktie, low orowned hat, straw col
ored kids, and knitting needle cane,
walked into a tobacco shop on Third
street to-day, aod throwing down a halt
dollar on the counter said : ''Well, this
is the worst town I ever saw; a gentle
man can't get anything in it satisfactory,
aud I atu unable to see how a person ot
fastidious taite can live here I sty, Mr
Shopkeeper, can you sell a fellow a de
cent cigar ?"
"Yes, sir," said the cigar man meek
"Well, then, fly around lively and do
it. Don't you see that half dollar 7"
"Ye*, sir. What kind ef a cigar do
you wish sir.
"What kind 7"
"Yes, sir "
"Why, look at mo, sir, at me, sir, a
moment, and see for yourself what kind
of a cigar would suit me," aud he drew
hituseif up grandly aod gazed down on
the shop keeper.
The shop-keeper looked and then took
in'the half dollar, got out a cigar, hand
ed it to tbe man with forty.nine cents
ohange, and said : "I owe you half a
sent, sir, but 1 can't make ehange unless
you take another cigar."
The nice young nan looked at the
shop keeper and then at the cigar, aod
then at lumstlf, and without a single
word walked out of the shop.
I Tbo "Year Witliout a Summor."
Wo continue to receive occasional in
quit ies concerning the "year in which
there was no summer." Some persons
appear to have a wiong idea os to the
time It waa tho year 1810 It has
| been called the "year without a sum
mer for there was sharp frost in every
month. There are old farmers Btill liv-
I ing iu Connecticut who remember it
well. It was known as the "year with
out a summer" The farmers used to
refer to ii as "eighteen hundred and
starvi to death." January was mild, as
was also February, with tho exception of
a few days. The greater part of March
j was cold and boißteroos. April opened
j warm, but grew colder as it advanced
ending with SHOW and ico, and winter
! cold. Iu May icc formed half an inch
| thick, buds and flowers were frozen aud
corn killed. Frost, icc and snow were
common in Juno. Almost every green
\ thing was killed, aod the fruit was oear
' ly all destroyed. Snow fell to the depth
of three inches in New York and Massa
chusetts and ten inehes in Maine. July
wis accompanied with frost and ice. On
the sth ice was firmed of tbe thickness
; of window glass in New York, New Eng.
land and Pennsylvania, and corn was
| nearly ail destroyed in certain sections,
j In August ice formed half an inch thick.
J A cold northwest wind prevailed nearly
| all summer.
Corn was so frozen that a great deal
' was cut uown and dried for fodder.
| Very little ripened in New England,
even here in Connecticut, und scarce'y
any oven in the Middle States. Farmers
were obliged to pay $4 or $5 per bushel
j for corn of 1815 for seed for the next
I spring's planting. The first two weeks
| of September wero mild, the rest of the
month was cold, with frost, and ice
I formed a quarter of an inch thick. Oc
| tober was more than usually cold, with
frost aud iec. November was cold and
blustering, with snow cuougb for good
j sleighing. December quito mild
aud comfortable. — Ilar!fonl Times.
Bears Helping Each Other.
A gentleman was onco making inqui
i ries, in Russia, about tho method of
catching bears in that country. He was
told that, to entrap them, a pit was dug
j several feet deep, and after covering it
i over with turf, leaves, eto , some food wai
placed on the top The bear, if tempted
I by the bait, easily fell into the snare.
"But," he added, "if four or five hap
pen to get in together, they all manage
to get out again."
"How is that 7" asked tbe gentleman.
' They form a sort of ladder by step
ping on each other's shoulders, and thus
make their escape."
"But how does the bottom ono get
"Ah ! these bears, though not possess
ing a mind and soul such as God has
j given us, yet cm feel gratitude; aud
j they won't forget the ono who has heeo
j the chief means of proouring their lib
erty, Scamperiug off, they tetch tho
! branch of a tree, whioh they let down
j to their poor brother, euabling him
: speedily to join them in the freedom in
i which they rejoice."
j Sensible bears, we should say, and a
! great deal better thai some people that
' we hear about, who never help anybody
j but themselves— The Carrier Dove.
Cured Her at Last.
An old man up in Connecticut had a
| poor cracky bit of a wife, who regularly
| once a week got up in the night and in
vited the family to see her die. She
gavo away ber things, spoke her last
words, and made her peace with llaaven,
and then about 8 o'clock she got up in
hor usual way and disappointed every
body by going at her household duties
as if nothing bad happened.
The old uian got sick of it finally,
and weut and bought a coffin, a real >ice
cashmero shroud, a wreath ot immor
telles, with "Farewell, Mary Ann,"
worked in, aud a handful of silver-plated
screws. Laying the screw driver beside
the collection, he luvitcd ber to holler
"die" onoo more.
"Do if," said he, "and in you go, and
this larewcll business is over."
Mary Aon is at this moment oooking
i buckwheat cakes for a large and admir
ing family while they dry apples in the
coffin up iu the garret.— Oxford Torch
Dissolve a bushel of salt in a barrel
of water, and with the salt water slack
a barrel of lime, which should be wet
enough to form a kind of paste For
a disiufectant this home mads chloride
of limo is nearly as good as thai purchased
at the drug stores Use it freely about
sinks, cellars, gutters and otherwise,
and in this way prevent sickness and
obviate great expeus#^
It. does not argue well for our nobility
i of character when we sneer at others.
When we over value ourselves, wc un
; dervalus our neighoors Self-conceit is
: therefore, the source of that pharisaicol
; weakness called contempt The man
who prides himself ou bis descent, sneers
! at the man who relies upon himself and
cares ret who was his greatgrandfather.
The self-sufficient purist says to the
1 soapeerace, ' Go to, wretch, I am holier
than thou!" fVnd the millionaire, who
regards money not as a means, but as an
end, looks with scorn upon the plodder
who is conient with a mod#rate coupe
j tence. Thure are few things in this
world so utterly contemptible as con
; tempt. It is the vice ol vanity, and is a
| sensation unknown to true greatness.
A TIME HONORED REMEDY. —"UnoIe
Pomp," sai l Col M to a former slave,
'•I hear that sonio of you darkies dowa
on the lower place are afflicted with the
"Bein' as it's you, boss," replied old
Pompey, hesitatingly, "I*nus' confess
dat de J/iwd has seed fit to afflieK us dat
j way, for a fac."
"Ah ! Doing anything for it?"
"Yes, ; oh, yes, sali!''
"Why, we—er —we am scratchin' fer
| il -" "
Mr. Jelferson Davis will be seventy
three years of age on the 3d of Juno
An Irish lover remarks, "It's a vory
I great pleasure to be alone, especially
when yer sweetheart is wid ye!"
"Look athar," he reinivked to the
waiter, ' your euffoe is 0 IC., your hash
; if. about correct, but atu't your eggs a
| little too ripe "
Young Swell: "I should like to
have my mustache dyed." Polite bar
ber : "Certaiuly ; did you briug it with
Au Alexandria. Va., dispatch says
; that the Democratic ticket is elected by
a larger majority than expected—rang
ing lrom 400 to GOO.
THERE is not the slightest evidence
, to show that any person was ever injured
by eulflteg haiu* tpork m a silted stale
'or i'resh pork when well oooked. yll
1 danger arising from trichina) is in eating
1 pork in a raw slate.
I ''When I was a young man," says the
I philosopher Blilings, "1 was always io
a hurry to hold tTia big end of tb* log
and do all the lifting, now I am older,
i seizid hold of the small end and do
all the giuutin
It is euough to bring tear* to the
eye of a potato to see a Burlington maa
on "lodge night," braoe himself up
against the office door and try to open
a postal card to see what is in it and
who it's from.— llaickcye.
"Oh, dear!'' exclaimed Edith to her
doll, "I do wish you would sit still. I
never saw snch an uneasy thing in all
my life Why deu't you act like grown
folks and be still and stupid lor awhile f"
Whatever your sex or position, Ufa
is a battle in which you are to show
your pluck, arid woe be to the eoward.
Despair and postponement are cowardice
and defeat. Men were boru to succeed
and not fail,
A little boy entered a fi-*h market the
other day, and seeing for the firs', time a
pile of lobsters laying on the counter,
looked intently at them for some time,
when he exclaimed : "Tuem's the big
gest grasshoppers I've ever seen."
Che-Mali, the famous Chinese dwarf,
has rucent y arrived iu New York lie
is 44 years old and exactly two feet
high—just six leet shorter than his
countryman, ih« giant Chang. He wears
a moustache nod is a iittle bald on the
top of his head.
Mao doubles all the evils of his fata
by meditating opou theiu. A soratoh
becomes a wound, a slight becomes an
injure, a jist au insult, a small peril a
great danger ; and a slight sickness often
ends iu death by broodisg apprehen
A ccrtrio euro for a felon is to wißd
it clotU loosely about the 6ng»r, leaving
ilia end Iree. Pour in couiuion gun
powder till the alHcte.l part is entirely
covered. Keep tho whole wet with
strong spirits of camphor.
"Hi! where did you get ihum trou
sers f" asked an Irishman of a mat who
happened to be passing with a remark
able short pair of trousert. "I got
them where they grew," was the indig
nam reply "Then, by my conscience,"
said Pat, "you've pulled them a year
too B'jon I"
A cruel patient : A young mas who
lives in Austin, und whose moustache is
like faith, "tho evidence of things l oped
for, the substance of thing* nqt yet seen/'
called on his prospective father-in law
and give notice that ho intended marry
ing the old gentleman's daughter, at an
early date "It had belter take plaoe
on some Saturday, so that it will not in
terfere with jour suhool hours," sarcast
ically remarked the old uiau.