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Lack of Machinery
Calls for Sharing
Million of Workers
Needed for "44 Harvest
With the harvest season'well un
4et way m most farming areas, tha
em of getting enough labor and
machinery to do the job at the right
Sim* :s again present.
With little or r.o prospect of more
fa*ge combines an J labor-saving
tquipn'.ert f r haying this season,
56e Wur Foe .1 administration is urg
ayj small grain producers to make
the greatest possible use of existing
auKftirery. Owners of combines
juitable for custom work will have
ic help their neighbors to insure
harvest of the crt.p. Sharing of all
Kypes of equipment will be neces
sary, says WKA, b ;t the production
■schedules have run far behind on
Custom use of large combines and
itoe more expensive types of haying
nachii es would be necessary even
'/ manufacturers had completed
ihe'T production schedules on time,
St a pointed out. as a result of cur
tnilea manufacture «:nce the begin
tliJU of the war anil the failure of
uint old machines to carry through.
Production of corn pickers was re-
ported as lagging in late spring,
wt there were prospects of a step-up
More the harvest. Shortages of
manpower for manufacturing plants
and of component parts for the na
siiines are reported as largely re
sponsible for production delays.
Emphasis is also being given to
Jte need f r keep.r.g oid machines in
tip-top condition. While most farm
ers will have checked over their
squipmer.t before harvest time, to
•rotd breakdowns after the begin
wmii of the work season, frequent
Aeck ups durng the period of op
eration i,re ah s essential to efficient
It is anticipated that some four
aaiflicn volunteer urban workers will
.fee required to complete the harvest,
a* farm population is at a 30-year
am and those remaining on farms
■net) every bit of help they can get.
Tarm labor requirements are based
an farm production goals, set at an
ather record-breaking level for 1944.
Itequirements for volunteer farm
labor are for two million men, 1,200,-
W boys and girls, and 800,000 wom
an. In addition to increased use of
■amen and part-time workers, and
intensive local community recruiting
Jnres, labor recruitments include
hr imported labor from Mexico,
Jamaica, the Bahamas and other
nearby countries, and a number of
available prisoners of war.
Processing plants handling large
janntities of t!ie food produced by
America's farmers are also in need
at some 750,000 part-time workers be
"tar* the end of the year.
Farm Inronie Moving
Toward a Now Hifih
After reaching a record high figure
to 1343, farm cash income has con
timed to show expansion in 1944,
recording to the Alexander Hamil
ton institute. Although government
terefit payments during the first
inarter dr .pped to $224.000,0j0 this
year from $271,000,000 last year, this
4ecrea.se was more than offset by a
ta/n in receipts from marketings.
Tots.' iarm income in the first
(Barter th is year amounted to
1,000,000 as against $3.f"ti8,000,-
Mb in the same period last year, an
Increase of 13 7 per cent. The in
crease in receipts from sales was
4m partly to a 5 3 per cent higher
price level for farm products and
partly to a gain of 10.1 per cent in
ttie quantity sold.
The price level of goods which the
termers bought was 8 0 per cent
aig»>eT thr.n a year ago in the first
quarter. This was more than offset
l»y the gain in income and, conse
quently, the farmers' purchasing
power showed a 5 2 per cent rise.
Thu gain in purchasing power, how
ever, was made in the first two
months. In March, the farmers'
purchasing power was slightly
smaller than a year ago, thus pro
riding support to the present expec
tation that the farmers' purchasing
jester for the year as a whole will be
dialler than in 1943 despite a record
high income in 1944.
The farmers' cash income in 1944
Is now estimated at $20,011,000,000
na compared with the previous high
Mcord of $19,764,000,000 in 1943. The
facreasa which Is now indicated will
ant be sufficient to offset the pros
pective higher price level of goods
kought by the farmers. Consequent
*r. the outlook is that the farmers'
forchasing power In 1944 will be 3.4
gar cent smaller than in 1943.
Meat Going to War
net MIAI Wtu OO IN 1*44
* 51 ■
• «PO«tJ 1
TnK DANIH'KY KKI'OKTKR. DANIH ItY. N. \. THI ltl» \V- U '■> ST IT. I'MI
MAN 0$• *# ly
Bacon Sandwiches Make (>rand Outdoor Eating
(See Recipes Below)
I'icnic Tips ,
There's nothing like the great out- '
of-u.iors to produce great appetites. I
And there's noth- j
y -V, f ir.g that tastes so
n . JLf good as food eat- j
T fen in the great
wide spaces tn ,
~ sand, under the
pines amid the
smoke of a tire.
Our recipes ar.d suggestions today
are des.gne i to fit those who want
to do part of their cooking at home,
ar.d fii'.i.-i when they arrive at the
picnic. It is easy to lay out a swell :
spread when everything is well or- !
gani/ed ar, 1 planned ahead.
You'll like the recipes because
they're r.ot fancy. They do make
for some downright good eating, I
though, and will give you a grand 1
experience in outdoors eating. I
F 'od is best packed in hampers
or tie i in cloth. It's easiest to carry t
that way. If you have anything :
breakable, use a metal container.
Best Type of Fire.
For those of you who want'to cook
outdoors, use the trapper type of j
fire Never start cooking until the
wood has burned and is a bed of
glowing red coals.
To make this type of fire, place 2
medium sized logs (green) 6 to 8
inches apart. Be- - . /
tween ti.ese set y
up dry twigs and
shavings. Carry l' ""vHV Jl I
something that * -/OVj.
will make the fire
start easily, a bit
of tissue paper """ 1 " —" J ~~
with a few dry twigs. The logs can
be adjusted to fit the cooking utensil.
Our recipe rounfl-up starts with
the favorite hamburgers. If you
snuggle in the extra cheese, you'll
like the flavor:
I' j pounds hamburger
• i cup milk
1 teaspoon salt
Dash of pepper
li pound American cheese
4 tablespoons butter
6 buttered buns
Mix meat with milk, salt and pep
per. Form 12 thin pattiesjof the
meat about 3 inches in diameter.
Cut 6 slices of cheese slightly small
er than meat patties and place the
c heese in between the meat patties,
sandwich-fashion. Seal edges well.
Melt butter in a skillet and fry the
patties slowly for 10 to 15 minutes.
Serve on toasted buns.
Hot Cheese Frankfurters.
20 slices of bacon
3 i pound sharp cheese
Split frankfurters lengthwise and»
fill with long strips of cheese. Wind
a strip of bacon, spirally, around
each frankfurter and fasten at ends
with toothpicks. Toast on forks or
long-handled toasters over fire until
bacon is browned and cheese is
melted. Place in a hot toasted roll
and serve with relish.
Creamy Scrambled Eggs.
Vt cup milk.
Campflre Cozy: Make surt the
drinking water is safe on your
camping trip. Boiled water al
ways is, sparkling water isn't nec
A hole dug In the earth in the
shade of the tree, lined with small
stones makes a nice outdoor re
frigerator. Moist caves, shallow
underground streams, small
drops or fall 3 are all good "re
Be sure to put your campflre
out. Water is the best thing,
soil next best. #•>,
A canoe paddle makes an ex
cellent bread board or a checker
board I Paint squares as for
checkers and play with cookies
Lynn Chambers' Picnio Menu
•Roasted Corn Cherry Tomatoes
•Rocks Fresh Fruit
1 » teaspoon salt
■1 tablespoons butter
5 i cup diced American cheese
Beat t!.e eggs well. Add salt.and
pepper, if desired. Melt butter in
heavy skillet and pour eggs into pan,
stirring well as the mixture begins
to thicken. When eggs are partially
cooked, add cheese. Serve on toast
when thick. Do not overcook.
Bacon is a grand outdoor appetite
tempter. It is also an important
concentrated source of food energy
that you'll need after working hard
If you are frying bacon at the pic
nic, then this is the best method to
follow: Place the x
strips in a cold —*u)
skillet over a low SaT >\(
fire. Turn fre- (
quently until all >'l /
parts of bacon
are evenly crisp
but not brittle. Do
not let fat smoke. For extra crispi
ness, drain off the fat as the bacon
k Bacon Sandwich.
To make delectable sandwiches,
fry the bacon as directed above with
thick slices of fried onion and to
matoes served on toasted buns.
Have you caught some fish? Noth
ing will taste better than a chowder
made in a chowder kett!e over a
bed of coals-
5 slices bacon, diced
3 medium onions, diced
2 pounds fresh fish, boned
2 teaspoons salt
1 teaspoon pepper
5 to 6 medium potatoes, sliced
4 tablespoons butter
2 tablespoons flour
Fry bacon and onion together un
til onion is light brown. Cut fish into
small pieces and rub with salt and
pepper. Add potatoes to chowder
kettle. Cover with boiling water and
cook 30 minutes. Blond Hour with H
cup milk. Add remaining milk to
fish and stir in flour mixture. Add
butter, simmering constantly. When
mixture thickens, serve in soup
bowls with crackers.
Like vegetables cooked outdoors?
Then, here is one:
Use fresh sweet corn. Remove
corn silk but leave husks on. Dip
the ear, husk and all into a pail of
water and lay on a grate over a
hot bed of coals. The water turns
into steam within the husk coating
and thus cooks the corn, making it
steamy and juicy instead of dry and
tasteless. Corn may also be roasted
by burying in the ashes.
Cookies and fruit make the Ideal
campfire dessert. Take cookies easy
to carry such as:
(Makes 5 dozen)
1 cup shortening
IVi cups brown sugar
1 teaspoon cinnamon
Y\ teaspoon cloves
3 cups sifted flour
1 teaspoon soda
l'i cups walnuts
2 cups raisins
Cream shortening and sugar. Add
eggs and beat well. Add sifted dry
ingredients, chopped nuts and rai
sins. Drop from spoon onto greased
cookie sheet and bake in « mod
erate (350-degree) oven.
If you uith additional instruction for
canning fruit or berries , write to Miss
Lynn Chambers, 210 South DespUines
Street, Chicago 6, Illinois. I'lease en
close stamped, self-addressed envelope
for your reply.
Reltatad by W«it«re N#w»pap«r Union.
Pv HAHOLO !.. LUNDQtMST. D O.
Of The Moody H:hV Institute of ClucJgOw
Released by Western Newspaper Union.
Lesson for August 20
Lesson subjects and Scripture texts sew
lecled and copyrighted by Intern.itlon.il
Council of Religious Education; used of
THE PROPHET IN THE LIFE OF
LESSON TEXT—I Samuel 3 19 21; 7 311.
GOLDEN TEXT—He that hath my word.
l*t him speak my word faithfully.—Jeremtah
Remarkably up-to-date Is the
helpful guidance found in this les
son. When our nation finds Itself
facing those other nations which
would destroy our Christian faith,
and we know that we need the key
both to a true victory and a satisfac
tory peace, the message of this
scripture comes with fine helpful
The prophet Samuel (who was
also priest and judge) served God
in ruling his people at a time when
they were under the hard heel of
the Philistines. The way out of op
pression was revealed in God's
Word, which brought revival and
deliverance—which was not forgot
ten in the day of triumph.
I. God's Word Declared (3:19-21).
While a prophet had the ministry
of foretelling, his chief work was
forth-telling. He told of the future,
but his larger ministry was to de
clare the message of God. As Sam
uel did this In faithful devotion to
the Lord, there was the Immediate
blessing of God which established
the prophet throughout the whole
Those who are timid about "limit
ing" their ministry (imagine that!)
to the Bible should learn of Samuel
that it is the only really effective
message. God will not "let you
down" if you teach and preach His
Word. He let none of Samuel's
"words fall to the ground" (v. 19)
and He will not desert us as we
give forth His truth.
Note that the Lord Himself came
to strengthen and encourage Samuel
(v. 21). He is just as gracious to
His servants today. He comes to
them in that blessed strengthening
fellowship which stirs their hearts
and fires them anew with holy de
11. Man's Heart Revived (7:3-6).
The response of the people to
Samuel's message was whole
hearted. They were sick of their sin
and idolatry. They proved the
reality of their repentance by put
ting away their heathen gods.
Such repentance and appropriate
action is a prerequisite to spiritual
revival. God cannot give us His
blessing if we hold on to our sin
Note how the revival expressed it
self. They gathered together and
prayed (vv. 5, 6). Spiritual life
thrives on the gathering together of
God's people. The crisis in Israel
was met by a convocation of the
people. We need to revive the great
soul-stirring religious gatherings of
a generation ago. Go yourself, and
encourage others to RO. Let the fire
of God burn, and let those who meet
scatter far and wide as brands
which will light new fires.
"I will pray," said Samuel. He
was a great intercessor (I. Sam.
15:11, Ps. 99:6; Jer. 15:1). Revival
starts in the faithful intercession of
a burdened heart. Should we not
ask ourselves, "Have I really
prayed for revival in my church,
my city, and my country?"
111. A Nation Delivered (7:7-11).
"Cry unto God ... he will save
us," was the word of Samuel. They
cried, and He did! "The Lord thun
dered with a great thunder," and
discomfited the enemies of Israel.
In these days of warfare we might
well cry out, "Lord, do it again,"
thunder upon our enemies and de
feat them in such a way that they
and we shall see that it was the hand
of God and not of men! (See Ps.
That is one thing for which we
might well pray, for "behold, the
Lord's hand is not shortened, that
it cannot save; neither his ear
heavy, that it cannot hear" (Isa.
Seeing Israel at prayer, the enemy
took advantage of them and at
tacked. In the previous battle at this
very spot (see last Sunday's les
son) Israel had been defeated be
cause they had fought with the
weapons of man. Now, with God's
weapons of prayer and faith, they
had glorious victory.
IV. God's Mercy Remembered
Samuel raised a stone of remem
brance, to remind Israel in the
years to come that the Lord had
been their help. A defeated, dis
heartened, sinful people had turned
to God in repentance and faith, and
God had given them victory. They
must never forget His mercy.
One of the great concerns of think
ing men in our day is the fear that
victory may come to us before we
are spiritually and morally read;'
to receive it. If it does, we shall
see a mad rush into excesses of ali
kinds, a bold glorying in our owr
ability and power, and even greatei
forgetfulness of God.
What America needs now is a deep
going spiritual revival which wil
both prepare us for a God-givei
victory, and for the peace which ii
S; I» t\C CHICLE v tnw\s-
Jil'fv IMav Set Is Simple to Make
Jiffy Play Set
PVEN though you've never cut
out a single garment in your
life, you can make this one-piece
play "frock and matching one-piece
sun hat in an afternoon! It's the
simplest set to cut, sew and laun
der you've ever seen.
Most light bulbs have a life of
from 1,000 to 3,000 hours. You will
save bulbs and electricity by turn
ing them off when not needed. Use
good quality bulbs of the right
j size for your needs: A 100-watt
bulb gives more light, costs less
to buy and less to operate than
two 60-watt bulbs. Buy lights with
I the proper voltage rating for your
To fasten something to angle
: iron posts, cotter pins will prove
much better than short tie wires.
Spread and slip the keys over the
fence wires, then insert them in
the holes in the iron post, after
I which they are clinched tightly.
Bang • good-sized bag in the
sewing room to receive scraps
1 from sewing to be used for weekly
Quartered lemons add the
i "something sour" that baked
i beans need and make a good look
ing garnish as well.
Try keeping the peanut butter
! Jar upside down on the pantry
' shelves between trips to the ta
ble. The alternate turning it re
ceives this way helps keep the oil
distributed through the entire jar.
Try cutting the outside leaves of
cauliflower into inch-long pieces,
; and, when done, creaming with
When making feather mattresses
and pillow ticks, dampen a bar of
laundry soap and rub all over the
inside of the ticking. This pre
vents the feathers from working
out through the cover fabric.
Pack all apples individually in
newspapers before putting in a
barrel. They keep better this way.
Roads and Cities Were
lluilt hy Salt and Incense
Salt and incense were the chief
economic and religous necessities
of the ancient world, and most of
its great commercial routes were
established because of them. One
of the oldest roads in Italy is the
"Via Salaria." The salt route from
Greece to the mouth of the Dnie
per led to the same salt pans that
supply the Far East today in nor
It can be said that London was
built by salt, for the first settle
ment on the banks of the Thames
owed its origin to the fact that
there rested the pack-trains carry
ing salt from Cheshire en route to
the shores of the channel for ex
port to Gaul.
fp- Crispness you can hear/^
■ I • Kellogg's Rica Krispies equal the /£(■
Ml whole ripe grain in nearly all the / U Iff** [fLjL
Ml protective food elements declared / fl/ /
!'tr» -.1 !V 11 P.ittrm No 1988 is (*.*>• j
• i • - «•» I. 2. 3. 4 and r» years s-/e I
s,i d I met. requires l 1 * yards of
.) : JJ-IVX Ii material; 6 yaids riciae
Dti«* to an unusually larce do in and and
cu:r»- t a.it c mditions. silently more tine
i !••; 2 rr.l in tilling orders for a few of
-t popular pattern numbers. I
Send >our order to: I
S» UIMi CIRCI.K PATTERN DEPT.
5.10 Snutli Wells SI. Chlcaco
Knel »e 20 cents in coins for each
Pattern No Size
La mines in India
Because the food crops of India
are destroyed by the failure of
either of the two annual monsoon
rains. a disaster which has oc
curred at frequent intervals
throughout history, the people of
India have suffered from famine
far more than those of any other
country, says Collier's. In fact,
they > onstitute more than half of
the 20U.0110.000 persona who hav«
died of starvation in the entir#
world during the past 1,000 year*
M P 1 BSF Soothe, relievo heat rash
U I II I and help prevent it with
n | II I Messana. the soothing,
; J Lfjl medicated powder. Con-
I ■ tains ingredient* often
g 1 " c used by specialists to re
. I I" ■ | lievo these discomforts
U !• II I SprinUo well over heal
fU irritated skin. Costs little.
I I kill Always demand Mcxsana.
|" c -)
Invest in Liberty ☆
ft Buy War Bonds
Millions of dollars will be
savod by American purchas
ers of rubbor items In post
war days bocauio of the
availability of synthetic and
the influence its cost will
have on the price of natural
rubber. Rubber authorities
anticipate that hereafter syn
thetic rubber prices will serve
as a ceiling over charges for
the plantation product.
Special rubber pips lines have
been developed which troopi can
string acrois rivers, ravines or gul
lies in battle areas to deliver fuel
to motor equipment. The "pipes"
yield to the force of concussion, but