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p John Herseu
' ~Cr"— tk' ' J w. H. U. rc»ruMs SESSv " i'TS - * -.
Major I'irhir Joppolo, I'. S. A., un» a
food man. )ou uill see that. It is the
whole reason why I mint you to know his
He uns thp Amgot officer of a small
Italian town called Adano. lie teas mitre
or lest the American mayor after our in
j Amgot, as you know, stood for Allied
Military Government Occupied Territory.
Ihe authorities decided, slutrtly after the
| happenings of this story t that the word
Amgot had an ugly Germanic sound, and
they heard that the two syllables of the
uord, u lien taken separately, were Turkish
tumls unmentionable in translation.. So
tliry decided to call it A.M.G. and forget
ulnait the Occupied 'Territory.
I hat u is later, though. If hen I knew
him. Major Joppolo was Anient officer of
Adano, and lie uas good.
[_ Ilu re uere prohahlv not any really had
men in Amgot, hut tlure uere some stupid
ones (and *till are, even though the Turkish
emhanassment has heen taken care of J.
)ou see, the theories ahout administering
, occupit d territories all turned out to he
j just theories, and in fact the thing uhich
j determined whether we Americans would
I he successful in that toughest of all jolts
uas nothing more or less than the tpndily
of th e men uho did the administerinit.
j I hill is uhy I think it it important for
( v»l hi know about Majnr JO/I/IK/U. lie uus
j a flood man, thounh ui'iik in certain at
tractiie, human uavs, anil uhiit hi> did anil
■ u hat he uus not uhle to do in Adano rep•
• resented m miniature what America can
, mul cannot do in Europe. Since he hap
pened to lie s ftooil man, his works re fire
j tented the liest of the possibilities.
America it the international country.
Mu for Joppolo uiu an Italian-American
j poinif to work in Italy. Our army has
| ) utnslai s and Frenchmen and Austrimis
| am] t'.zeihs and Nnrueftiant in it, and
| ei try u here our army noes in Europe, n
I iiittn can turn to tlin private licside him
j und tuy: "lley, Mac, what's this lurriner
j his inn? //nit; much does he uant for that
| hunch of itrapesAnd Mac uill ha uhle
I to translate.
Invasion had come to the town of
An American corporal ran tautly
J along the dirty Via Favemi and at
i the corner he threw himself down.
| He made certain arrangements with
I his lifjlit machine gun and then
j turned and bi'i koned to his friends
I to come forward,
j In the Via Calabria, in another
! part of town, a party of three crept
I forward like cats. An explosion, pos
j sibly of a mortar shell, at some dis-
I tance to the north but apparently
! inside the town, caused them to fall
' Hat with a splash of dust. They
I waited on their bellies to see what
| would happen.
An entire platoon ducked from
grave to grave in the Capucin Cem
etery high on the hill overlooking
j town. The entire platoon was
' scared. They were out of touch with
I their unit. They did not know the
! situation. They were near their ob
| Jective, which was the rocky crest
j not far off, but they wanted to find
! out what was going on in the town
| before they moved on.
All through the town of Adano,
| Americans were like this. They
] were not getting much resistance,
I but it was their first day of inva
| slon, and they were tight in their
But at one of the sulphur loading
Jetties at the port a Major with a
brief case under his arm stepped
from the sliding gangway of LCI
No. 0488, and he seemed to be whol
"Borth," he said to the sergeant
who followed him onto the jetty,
"Ihis is like coming home, how often
I have dreamed this." And he bent
| over and touched the palm of his
| hand to the jetty, then dusted his
' palm oil on his woolen pants.
This man was Major Victor Jop
polo, who had been named senior
civil affairs ollicer of the town of
Adano, representing Amgot. lie was
a man of medium height, with the
dark skin of his parents, who were
Italians from near Florence. He
had a mustache. His face was
round and his cheeks seemed cheer
ful but his eyes were intense and
serious. He was about thirty-flve.
The sergeant with him was Leon
ard Bjrth, an M.P., who was to be
in charge of matters of security in
Adano: he was to help weed out
bad Italians and make uiw of the
good ones. Borth had volunteered
to be the first to go into the town
with the Major. Borth had no-fear;
he cared about nothing. He was of
Hungarian parentage, and he had
lived many places—in Budapest,
where he had taken pre-medical
studies, in Rome, where he had
been a correspondent for Pester
Lloyd, in Vienna, where he had
worked in a travel agency, in Mar
seille, where he had been secretary
to a rich exporter, in Boston, where
he had been a reporter for the Her
ald, and in San Francisco, where he
sold radios. Still he was less than
thirty. He was an American citizen
and an enlisted man by choice. To
hint the whole war was a cynical
jr.ke, ard he considered his job in
the war to make people take them
selves less seriously.
Vhen the Major touched Italian
soil, Borth said: "You are too senti
The Major said: "Maybe, but you
will be the same when you get to
"Never, not me."
The Major looked toward the town
and said: "Do you think it's safe
Borth said: "Why not?"
"Then how do we go?"
Borth unfolded a map case de
liberately. He put a freckled finger
on the celluloid cover and said:
"Here, by the Via Barrino as far as
the Via of October Twenty-eight,
and the Piazza is at the top of the
Via of October Twenty-eight."
"October Twenty-eight," the Ma
jor said, "what is that, October
"That's the date of Mussolini's
march on Home, in 1922," Borth
said. "It is the day when Musso
lini thinks he began to be a big
shot." Borth was very good at mem
They started walking. The Ma
jor said: "I have lost all count, so
what is today?"
"We will call it the Via of July
"So you're renaming the streets
already. Next you'll be raising mon
uments, Major Joppolo, first to an
unknown soldier, then to yourself.
I don't trust you men who are so
"I don't trust you men who arc
sentimental and have too damn
"Cut the kidding," the Major said.
There was an echo in the way he
said it, as if he were a boy having
been called wop by others in school.
In spite of the gold maple leaf of
rank on the collar, there was an
At the corner of the third alley
running off the Via of October Twen
ty-eight, the two men came on a
dead Italian woman. She had been
dressed in black. Her right leg was
blown off and the flies for some rea
son preferred the dark sticky pool of
blood and dust to her stump.
"Awful," the Major said, for al
though the blood was not yet dry,
nevertheless there was already a
beginning of a sweet but vomitous
odor. "It's a hell of a note," he
said, "that we had to do that to our
"Friends," said Borth, "that's a
"It wasn't them, not the ones like
her," the Major said. "They weren't
our enemies. My mother's mother
must have been like her. It wasn't
the poor ones like her, it was the
bunch up there where we're going,
those crooks in the City Hall."
"Be careful," Borth said, and his
face showed that he was teasing the
Major again. "You're going to have
your oflice in the City Hall. Be
careful you don't get to be a crook
"Lay off," the Major said.
Borth said: "I don't trust your
conscience, sir, I'm appointing my
self assistant conscience."
"Lay off," the Major said, and
there was that echo.
Borth said: "Maybe it was a
crook's house, how can you tell?
Better forget the house and concern
yourself with that." He pointed into
an alley at some straw and melon
seeds and old chicken guts and flies.
And Borth added: "No question of
guilty or not guilty there. Major.
Just something to get 'can. You've
got some business in th t alley, not
in that house there."
"I know my business, I know what
I want to do, I know what it's like
to be poor, Borth."
Borth was silent. He found the
seriousness of this Major Joppolo
something hard to penetrate.
They came in time to the town's
main square, which was called Pi
azza Progresso. And on that square
they saw the building they were
There was a clock tower on the
left hand front corner. On top of
the tower there was a metal frame
which must have been designed to
hold a bell. It was baroque and
looked very old. But there was no
On the side of the clock tower big
while letters said: "II Popolo Itali
ano ha creata col suo sangue l'lm
pero, lo fecondera col sua lavoro «
lo difendera contra chiunque colle
The Major pointed and said: "See,
Borth, oven after our invasion it
says: 'The Italian people built the
Empire with their blood, will make
it fruitful with their work and will
defe nd it against anyone with their
Borth said: "I know you can rend
Italian. So can I. Don't translate
The Major said: "I know, but
think of how that sounds today."
Borth said: "It sounds silly,
The Major said: "If they had seen
any fruit of their work, they would
have fought with their arms. I bet
we could teach them to want to de
fend what they have. I want to do
so much here, Borth."
Borth said: "That sounds silly
too. Remember the alley, clean up
the alleyway, sir, it is the alley that
you ought to concentrate on."
The Major walked across the Pi
azza up to the big black door of the
Palazzo, put his brief case down,
took a piece of chalk out of his
pocket, and wrote on a panel of the
door: "Victor Joppolo, Major,
U.S.A., AMGOT, Town of Adano."
Then both men went inside and
up some marble stairs, looking all
around them as they climbed. They
took a turn and went through a
door marked Podesta. The oflice on
the other side of that dour took Vic
tor Joppolo's breath away.
In the first place, it was so very
big. It must have been seventy
feet long and thirty feet wide. The
ceiling was high, and the floor was
"Say," said Major Joppolo, "this
"Looks like that oflice of Musso
lini's," Borth said. "Come to think
of it, you look quite a lot like Mus
solini, sir, except the mustache. Will
it be okay with you to ho a Musso
"Cut the kidding," the Major said.
"Let's look around."
They went out through the white
door at the end of the room and
walked through several offices, nil
of which were crowded with desks
and files and bookcases. The files
had not been emptied or even dis
turbed. "Good," said Borth, "lists
of names, every one registered and
all their records. It'll be easy for
The Major said: "What a dilTer
ence between my oflice and these
others. It is shameful."
All Borth said was: "Your of
When the two went back into the
big oflice there was an Italian there.
He had evidently been hiding in the
building. He was a small man, with
a shiny linen office coat on, with his
collar buttoned but no tie.
The small Italian gave the Fascist
salute and with an eager face said
in Italian: "Welcome to the Ameri
cans! Live Roosevelt! How glad I
am that you have arrived. For
many years I have hated the Fas
The Major said in Italinn: "Who
The little man said: "Zito Giu
seppe. I have been well known as
Major Joppolo said: "What do
Zito said: "I greet the Ameri
Borth said in an Italian which
was heavily accented: "Idiot, what
was your job before the disembarka
Zito said: "Zito Giovanni, usher
in the Palazzo di Citta, native of
Major Joppolo said: "You were
the usher here?"
"Every day from eight to eight."
"Why did you work for the Fas
cists if you hated them?"
"I have hated them many years,
I am well known as anti-Fascist,
I have lived under a great suspi
The Major said: "Usher, I love
the truth, you will find that out. If
you lie to me, you will he in very
serious trouble. Do not lie to nie.
If you were a Fascist, you were a
Fascist. There is no need to lie."
Zito said: "One had to eat, one
had to earn a living. I have six
Major Joppolo said: "So you were
a Fascist. Now you will have to
learn to live in a democracy. Yoy
will be my usher."
The little Zito was delighted.
The Major said: "Do not salute
me that way."
Zito bowed and said: "The fascist
salute, no sir."
(TO BE CONTINUED)
BY HAROLD L. LUNDQUIST. D D.
Of The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago.
Released by Western Newspaper Union.
Lesson for February 4
Lesson subjects and Scripture texts se
lected and cop> righted by International
Council of Religious Education; used by
JESI'S' CONCERN FOR ALL
LESSON TEXT—Matthew 9:1, 9 13, 18 28.
COLDEN TEXT—Therefore all thlnßl
whatsoever ye would that men should do
to you. do ye even so to them: for this Is
the law and the prophets.—Matthew 7:12.
What is a man worth? Well, say
we, that depends, and then we are
prone to undervalue him. Jesus had
(and taught) a high regard for the
inherent value of man. He saw pos
sibilities in all men. He had a love
fur them. Ho was concerned about
their welfare, and they responded
by an interest in Him.
Jesus showed by His dealings with
men how wrong are must of the
standards and attitudes of the world.
With Him there were:
I. No Social Barrier (vv. 1, 0, 10).
The caste system of some lands,
dividing people into social strata
which separate men and hinder fel
lowship, does not exist in our land.
Yet, in practice, we have such lev
els which are a formidable barrier
in the thinking of many (perhaps
Jesus knew nothing of social bar
riers. He ignored them and went
straight to the one in need. In our
lesson it was a man of position and
wealth who was an outcast among
his people because he was a hated
gatherer of taxes for Rome.
Jesus saw in him a man of faith
and a useful witness for Him.
And He not only talked with him,
but called him to be His disciple.
Then He went further and, to the
astonishment of His critics, went in
to a great feast where many such
men were gathered.
He ate with publicans and sinners,
not because He approved of their
manner of life, but because He want
ed to change it as He changed them.
11. No Fear of Criticism (vv. 11-13).
Many a kind and noble impulse
has died a-horning because of the
fear of criticism. "What will people
say?" has kept many a Christian
from speaking to some sinner about
his (or her) soul.
"The world is too much with us—"
and we all tuo often guide our lives
and service by the possible reaction
we may receive from those round
about us. We did not learn such an
attitude from Jesus.
His answer to His critics made
it clear that there will be no self
righteous, "good enough" people
in heaven. The Lord is not even
calling them, so long as they trust
in their own goodness. Ho came to
seek and to save sinners (v. 13, and
We, too, may go forward without
fear of our critics. That doesn't
mean that we "don't care what peo
ple think" about us. We ought to
care, but if their opinion is based
on unbelief and self-righteousness,
it should certainly not deter us from
our nil-important business of soul
111. No Limitation of Time and
Place (w. 18-22).
Often the help of man to those in
need is circumscribed by so many
regulations that those who most de
serve help cannot get it. There are
times and places for application
forms, and tests must be completed,
etc. Doubtless much of this is need
ed, but one wonders at times wheth
er our charitable impulses have not
disappeared under a mountain of
Be that as it may, how interesting
It is to see that Jesus met the need
when and where it appeared. He
was already i n one errand of mercy
when the sick woman touched His
robe. He was not too busy nor too
preoccupied to slop and give her a
word of help and comfort (v. 22).
Is there not a significant lesson
here for us in the church? The
need is reason enough for the ex
tension of our help. The place is
anywhere that turn are in sadness
or sorrow, and the hour is now—
when they need our help.
IV. No Lack of I'ower (vv. 23-26).
How often the human heart is
prompted to help, and willing hands
are ready to follow its promptings
in loving action, yet we find that we
cannot do anything. The need is too
great for our meager resources. Our
strength does not suffice. We have
no money, or the situation is one
beyond human help.
How wonderful it is then to re
member the Lord Jesus! A touch
on the hem of His garment in faith
made the woman whole (v. 22). A
word from Him brought the dead
little girl out to face the scorners
of Jesus, in the bloom of life and
lias He lost any of His great pow
er? No. He is just "the same yes
terday, and today, and forever"
(Hi b. 13:8). Why not trust Him?
Do you need help—spiritual, men
tal, physical? lie is able, lie has
r»o prejudice regarding your social
position. Ho will meet you right
where you are, and now. He
is seeking the sick and the sinful—
"the lost, the last, and the least."
L 'k to Him by faith.
The Krcat Physician now Is near,
The sympathl,-lnq Jesus:
Hi- speaks, the drooping heart to cheer!
O hear l!ie voice oi Jesus.
With buttle brushes use
waxed paper from bread to *cour
bottles. It does the job well.
When discarding worn bath tow
els, save the best parts and use
for making washcloths or bath
Some types of artificial flowers
may be renewed by placing them
over steam for a few minutes.
A small vegetable brush is an
effective tool when using paint
and varnish remover, especially
on carved surfaces.
If an enamel pan boils dry, do
not plunge it from the hot range
into cold water. Let it cool first,
then soak before washing.
really toothing because
! they're really
j COUGH I
j LOZENGES j
I Millions use F& F Loienges to t
I give their throat als minute aooth> I
! in)?, comforting treatment that !
! reaches all the way tioun. For !
; coughs, throat irritations or hoarso- I
1 ucss resulting from coldsorsmokinß, I
• eoothe with F& F. Box, only 100. !
UJe£o foioomed Wtu/i
Every gat mask issued by the
U. S. Army contains IV)
pounds of rubber.
Even now, with the rubber situation
improved, it is important that car
owners have their tires recapped
In time. In time means when the
tread is worn smooth, but before
the fabric shows.
It is expected by industry
authorities that the early
post-war period will bring a
demand lor from 16,000 to
40,000 long tons of rubber
for the production of latex
foam sponge used in cushions
of various types and in fur
niture and mattresses.
Buv War Savings Bonds
At Cuts and Bruises
... If you're a good, kind owner
and keep Dr. Purler's Antiseptic
Oil on hand In «he barn always
for emergency use. Ask your
veterinarian about it . . . he'll
tell you what an effective, won
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natural healing processes for
minor cuts, burns, saddle or
collar sores, bruises, any minor
flesh wounds. L'se only as di
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