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T BURS DA T. MARCH tl, WW.
TW« are yarfcapa laapHMraly
few of the prwnt generation in Sur
ry county who know that thin (ac
tion was at ana tuna In the handi at
mm alien antny In via* of the ra
mota poaatbility of anotlMr invasion,
w« give our raadar* tha atory of the
onu that took plara bark In tha ilxtiea.
Dunns tha Civil War, no one In thia
aounty thought that tha war would
come within tha conflnaa of our own
immediate aartion or that It would be
come tha wane of contending armiea
or koatila horde*.
Rut one Sunday afternoon in llWfi
while all the ahla bodied men ware in
tha army and 'only the woman and
children with the aged and inflrm
were left, a band of ravalary, ea
timu'ed at from two to tan thouaand,
lad by tha federal Gen. Goo. M.
Stoneman, rode into Mount Airy and
camped for tha night.
The armies of the North wore try
iag to cut off the supplies of the
Southern troops, and in ortler to do
thin, the railroads of the South had
to destroy. General Sherman had
marched through Georgia and ha<l
su»-ceeed in making it imposmhle for
suppllaa to rendfthe Southern armir
by way of Greensboro, and the only
road left wax the one by way of
Chattanooga, Knoxrille and Bristol,
reac'.ing on up through Southwest
Virginia where the Norfolk A Wes
tern now ran*. General StnueauM
left Joaeaboro, Tenn. with his men.
and made his way through the Great
Smokies to Boone, thence by Elkln,
Dobaon, Mount Airy, and >n arross
by H:llsville into Wythville, where he
proceeded to burn the supply houses
an<l tear up the railway tracks going
Many people about here remember
well about the troops pasaing through
this country. They had few supply
wagons and lived off the country.
They were our enemies, sent here to
fight if necessary and to treat us
as their foes. They took much meat,
corn and other provisions which they
needed, and in some instances morei
than they needed and wasted a good:
deal. They took many horses, but it
was generally in the nature of a swap.
They took a fat horse and left a lean
one. Sometimes the one they left was
as good as the one they took except
that it was poor.
Some people heard of their coming
and hid what they had. Winston Ful
ton. a wealthy citizen of the county,
loaded up hi* provisions and sent Jim,
who was then a fifteen year old boy.
with the pmvisioni and the stock to
hide it from the Yankees. Jim did
such a good job of it, staying at one
place a little while and then moving
on, that when the soldiers had de
parted, it took a week to And Jim and
Jake Rrower, father of Tom Brower
and ex-Congressman John Brower
was perhaps the wealthiest man in the
county. He owned the old Hamburg
Cotton Mills and had plenty of every
thing. He staid at home and let the
army know that he was at their
mercy. They took many things to eat
but put a guard about his property
and did not allow it be harmed. It i*
said that he had an old turkey gob
bler which roosted on the gate post.
He wax proud and wilful. No army
could scare him from home, anil when
night came on, while sentrle* tramped
saber* clicked and horses neighed, he
defiantly took hi* place on the gate
poet That gobbler became part of
the feast the nest morning.
TYiere was a man Bring with Mr.
H rower at the time who only had one
jnilk cow. The soldier* got her and
war* about to atejr bar for beef when
an officer took (a the situation and
ufilwd 11m cow tttmal loan at once.
Knock Craod, a well-to-do fu wai on
ttia DoImmhi rood waa famous at that
tlma for tho Ana quality of brandy
which ha mado. Tha troope found eev
crsl barrel» of thia Ana brandy In •
cailar which waa Made in soiM rock.
Some of tham Ailed their i<litaa»i»,
and real lain g that if they all got into
it tha whola army would fat drank,
they buret the barrel*. Tha brandy
would not soak In a eoltd rock and it
ia iiaid that it wae Itnee deep in tha
cellar for eaveral day*.
Thar* are mm aid appla traaa
•tiadlnf near tha wooden aehool
building on Rockford (treat which were
«et out the day before Htoneman'a
men reached tha city, by B>h AUrad
and Kia father. Although the aol
dieri camped all over tha ground, not
a tree waa harmed.
Earn* Greenwood, daughter of
June* Greenwood and mother of the
editor of The Kiwi, «u at that time
a young woman of twenty. Several
soldiers went to her father's houae
and aakad for food. A meal waa pre
pared for them. She had rone at the
time to carry prevision* to the ociea
who were hiding their home* in the
wood*, and on her return, met the**
soldiers. Although ihe wax riding a
line horse, it waa not moleeted, and
■he waa treated with all the courtesy
that could be expected of well bred
W. J. Hank*, a well known Mount
Airy man, waa at the time a fifteen
year old boy and waa living with hi*
father at Fancy Gap. Mr. Hank*
*ay* that at Mitchell'* Mill, about a
mile thi* aide of the Gap, tome one
ftred on the soldier*, wounding one
man and a horse. So far a* i* known
thi* i* the only casualty on the Jour
ney through Surry. Over near Hills
vftle, however, Alexander Chaftn while
drinking tried to attack them and
was instantly shot and left for dead.
He later recovered.
After destroying much railroad in
toward Lynchburg, Gen. Stoneman
took his men hark down through this
state and »as said to have Iweti
around Salisbury when Lincoln was
killed. Jefferson Davis was at Char
lotte at the time, and Stoneman got
on hi* trail, followed him into Georgia
where the former President of the
Confederacy was captured, though
not by General Stoneman.
What we want to impress upon our
readers i« that while we were in the
hand* and at the mercy of an alien
army, an ^rmy whose comrade* were
being shot to piece* by our fa them
and brother*, they lived on our sub
stance, but made no attempt to ter
rorize ua. There wax not a home des
ecrated or burned; not a woman was
violated; the fanes of our faith were
left untouched, and the country wax
in no way devastated. Compare thi
with the invasion of Belgium and
France by the murderous and bar
barous Huns. They burned homes,
desecrated altars, outraged women,
crucified children, poisoned wells, and
wantonly laid waste the fairest parts
of the earth. We fight them today,
and ahould their demonaical hordes,
"crazed by avarice, lust and rum,"
ever fret into this country, we will by
no means fare as did the past genera
tion in the hands of the Yankees.
In an announcement by the Food
Administration the ..luse for advance
in rice prices is attributed to the fact
that most rice mills have been run
ning to full capacity in order to sup
ply the demand for 1,000,000 bags for
American and allied fighting forces.
At • result the normal supply for
home consumption has been tempor
arily reduced. Lower prices are fore
pnoa the lartl military f*t»ny. TM«
coaptnir <nu organised many yaar*
•ho art now too old to ha in tha ranks.
Whan the trouble wtth Waalna oh at
favor halt thia company want to tka
Border and remained thara many
month*, or until tha trouble Ma all
avar and tha Company waa ordered
Whan tha country want ta war with
Germany the company waa not full
etrength |nd many young man about
in tha county joinad and want away
to Camp Sevier to taka furthar train
ing for tha dutiaa of tha war. Many
of thaiia younf man hava now haan
transferred to othar granchee of tha
service and sumo hava alraady baan
Mnt to Franca.
Wa were not abla ta gat tha home
pout offices of thene men, but they are
in the main from the section near thia
(.apt. r ran* c. waiaer.
Ut Lieut. John Holman.
2nd Lieut. Jay W. fmnUia.
Bn. Serif. Maj. Fred C. Pruett.
let flerg. item R. P»uett.
Supt. Serf. Joseph B. Hayne*.
Fred J. Kingsbury.
Claude E. Hooker.
Jeaa B. Jane*.
Ernest C. Hooker.
Bryan H. Aahby.
John B Sutphin.
George B. Jackson.
Mem Serf. John T. WiUett.
Glenn W. Burgeaa.
Joseph I. Snow.
Hurpkas A. Lewi*.
Walter L. Dobbins.
Robert L. J oner*.
Walter L. Pullian.
John F. Warren.
Haude H. ■aMifctge
Eli J. Edward*.
Roland R. Wray.
Lafayette W. Aahby.
Jame* 0. Hale.
George E. Welch.
Privatee l»t Claaa.
Edd 0. Saintaing.
Kdd L. Gwyn.
Elmer E. Boyd.
Fitzhughe L. Clarke.
Roger P. Altred.
Albert L. Jones.
Charlie T. Blackburn.
Coy 8. Bray.
George T. Bray.
George B. Cave.
Rowland L. Christian.
Fred R. Gordan.
Wade R. Hatcher.
Thomas M. Hayne*.
Greeley D. Jone*
William G. Jonea.
Crwsie C. Marrion.
Manual M. Marshall
Garrell B. Mover.
Richard E. McCann.
Jame* W. Norman.
Willie N. McKnight.
William E. Newton.
Joseph D. Pike.
Lafe P. Scales.
Carl P. Tilley.
Marv in M. Ward.
John W. White.
John A. Worth.
William M. Smith.
Granville K. Moore.
Elbert P. Edwards.
William E. Heath.
[.awrence V. Allen.
Hubert H. Bray.
Henry E. Norman.
Carl L. Robbin*.
Robert L. Thomas.
Alvin L. Hiatt.
William G. Wagoner.
Archie D. Rule.
Kernie C. Smith.
John T. Tillcy.
Charlie More field.
William M. Tilley.
Willie Turn in.
Wiloy 0. Vernon.
Krwl A. Williams.
Howard L. Sbelton.
James E. Coe.
Fraudie E. Fleming.
Jesse 8. Gardner.
Thoma* H. Hodge.
John E. Mabe.
Doctor M. Stanley.
Rufus 0. Tolbart.
John L. Lowry.
Clyde W. Htack. V
Tha following llat of mm an tl
Brat to ha nIM into Mftto of the
| draft. te wtll
wall ot Ufa and from all
■mh ara at Camp Jackaaa tah-l
tag training for tka aery lee.
Rlt harti O. Smith, Ithin.
Portar W. Steele. Roekford.
Columbus W. Rofaertaen, Jit. Airy.
Wrn. C. Hardy, SUoaia
Vender L. Nlmmons, Mt. Airy.
Oia.. D. Prathar, Mount Airy.
Marland O. !Hona, Wot Mtn.
Claud Hams, Thurmond.
Has tun Collln», ML Airy.
Ward B. Hinea, Mt. Airy.
Fred Lawaon, Brim.
Alexander Jonaa, Ararat.
rftneat G. Bigg*. Borkford
Claud V. Long, BIkin.
Wm. D. Johnaon, Mt. Airy.
John 9. Haynes, Ruak.
Louia 3. Burton, Mt. Airy.
Jan. A. Hiatt. Mot Mtn
Roht. 8. Johnaon, Mt. Airy.
Wm. W. Edward*, Pinnacle.
Root. 3. Gravett, Pilot Mtn.
Swan son Surratt, Mt. Airy.
Ulyaaa 9. Johnson, Whita Plain*.
Lonnle F. Walkar, Elkin.
Wm. Eldridge. Mt. Airy.
Gorlla C. Hanly, Ruak.
Wm. S. All red, Jit. Airy.
Samual R. 8halfon.M-. Airy.
RoM. L. Haymore, W. Airy.
Wm. H. Gnfflth Mt Air*.
John L. Vernon, Mt. Airy.
Vance W. Coe. Roakford.
Isaac C. Norman, Mt. Airy
Walter Marshall, Reund Peak.
Wm. E. Stona, Siloom.
Edgar Cook, Pilot Mtn.
Nad W. Bolt. Mt. Airy.
Hanry A. Gotna, Mt. Airy.
Emaat Hudson, Elkin.
Grovar K. Coekerham. Kaopa Milli.
Jna B. Coekarham, Kappa Mills.
Chas B. SUk. Whita Plains.
Auatin W. Tli'-y, Thurmond.
Gao. A. Blackburn, Mt. Airy.
Wm. R. 3now. Mt Airy
Gao. W. Hiatt. Pilot Mtn
Luther P. Hall. CrutcMfcld.
Euene B. Spainhower, Shorl*.
Roht. Hicks, Mt Jftj.
Dallaa Jaatar, Pilot Mtn.
Wm. T. Hunt, Pinnacle.
Chas. W. Coleman. Mt. Airy.
Wm. Crewa, Rockford.
Fred H. Paora. Mt. Airy.
Early L. Holyfleld. Ruak.
Wm E M.tU.ew,, Pilot Mtn.
Wm. H. Ca»a, Dobaon.
Floyd Hall. Mt. Airy.
Jaeob E. Shaffner. Elkin.
Wm. L. Mickay, Pilot Mtn.
Emmet Need Ham, Mt. Airy- .
John B. McCraw. Round Peak.
Banner Greenwood. Elkin.
John C. Davie, Elkin.
Luther Jeasup, Brim.
Edward Snnddjr, Mt. Airy.
Early L. Steele, Ruak.
Emmet J. Golden. State Roard.
Chaster A. Noah, Brim.
Wesley A. Potts, White Pla ns.
Joe Fletcher Hardy. Silcam.
Paul B. Folger. Dohiioo.
Julius G. W«i, ord
Wm. C. Joyce, Round Peak.
Ernest D. Harbour. Mount Airy
Ransom M. Woodla, State Roard
Roger J. W lliams, Rink.
Jas. N. R» lianlson, Elkin.
Roby A. Smith. Whit? Plains.
Jas. 9. Butcher. Rack.
Roy C. Redw.no, Park Mtn.
Joe F. Smith. Mt. Airy.
Hairston B. Williamson, Mt. Airy.
Wm. C. Leitch, Mt. Airy.
Clarence F. Hinea. Mt. Airy.
Will Edwards, lit. Airy.
Jas. Albert Gwyn Mt. Airy.
Floyd Simmons, Mt. Airy.
John L. McCraw Mt. Airy.
Anna L. Allen. Mt. Airy.
Ixnnie C. Hanks, Elkm.
Edwin W. Bivena, Elkin.
Paul S. Ashby, Mt. Airy.
Andrew Greenwood. Elkin.
Ralph Beason, Mt. Airy.
Hiom wbo Leave April 1st.
The following list of men have been
named hjr the local board to leave for
training on the first of April.
Davis 8. Jones. Mt. Airy.
John Dee Jessup, Brim.
James Edgar N'cedhaot. Pilot Mtn.
Chas. G.Robertson, White Plains.
Elbert G. Younre, Round Peak.
Albert Grover Draughn, Rusk.
Caleb Haynes Allred, Mt. Airy.
Je»<e Isaac*. Mt. Airy.
Arthur F. Jones. Mt. Airy.
Elmer E. Mounce, Rusk.
Jesse Martin, Pilot Mtn.
Kendrirk B. Wilmouth. Thurmond.
Wm. Matthews Bcasley. Mt. Airy.
The First Negroes From Surry
The following is the list of negroes
who leave Surry County to take train
ing, March 29.
Waller Gwyn, Mt. Airy. |
Joseph Gray. Mt. Airy.
Julius Hampton, Elk 11.
KNmere Headen, Mt. Airy.
John Bitch*!. Mt. Airy
Noby Parks, Sheets.
Thackston Tucker. Mt. Airy.
M> Kinley Doss, lit. Airy.
Clyde Allen. Mt. Air*.
Lerey John Kelly, Mt. Airy.
Roy Johnson, Mt. Airy.
Fred Douglas Davis, Mt. Airy.
Wesley France, Brim.
Thos. B. Satterfleid, Mt. Airy.
Something of lit <ti mtlun aa
compliafcpd by the Gin—n uivulon In
Praoce b ahuwn la th* J prod ur -
ion la thai country..
UM 1*17 crop at wfcMt «w M.7
par cent of normal, potato** Mi and
«u*ar botti Sf.l. Of tka tit boot ate.
gar fartono* Franca had before tko
war, Um Gorman* deatroyed 201.
In Um invaded porta of Franco all,
fruit fraoo were cut down. Thta work
of daatruction waa carefully attended
to ovon whan it waa not poaatbla for
tha invadara to daatroy th* traoa
which did not add to the food aupply,
and whoro time waa ampM tha ahado
traoa alao woro cut down. In tho da
atruction of farlE'implomenta graat
ear* waa taken to con plotely do away
with cartam uniform parta of all in
atrvmenta ao that by no pooaibility
could any impiomonta bo rebuilt from
the remain« of several. Tho tamo
part of each iar.trument waa found da
Juat how many hoc* ware takan oat
of K ranee by tha Germane will proba
bly never bo definitely known. Tha
number at cattle takan ia variously ea
timatod at from 1300,000 to 2300,000
Compared with pre-war time* the
percentage of cattle remnining in
France ia 83 H per cent, at aheep 63.4
per cent and of hogs MJ par cant.
Not only the number but the condi
tion* of stock remaining should be
taken into confederation. Although
cattle had decreased by 16 S per cent
m number, the condition can be bet
ter understood when it ia known that
France ia now producing but on* gal
lon of milk whea before the war
gallon* were pro3iSil.
Number of Units to
Go to France at Oaca.
George Roth well Brown ia a latter to
the Washington Poet.
A number of divisions of the nation
al army have received orders to hold
themselves in readiness to go to
France. The general officers com
manding them have come to Washing
ton, and yesterday submitted to the
Anal physical examination to determ
ine their fttness for foreign service.
Everything is in readiness for the dis
patch of the ftrst of America's citizen
soldiers to reinforce the troops under
No nor* encouraging newt than
this hu come out of the war depart
ment for months. This announcement
is full of significance. It indicates that
the raw conscripts taken from civil
life only a few months ago have been
whipped into shape, under intensive
training, to take their places as re
serves to the more seasoned men now
having their baptism of ftre on the
Not %ll the national army is in At
condition for foreign duty, but a sub
stantial number of unita, the designa
tion of which rannot be made public,
have been found far enough advanced
to go overseas, months before the Ger
man general staff dreamed that such a
thing would be possible. The com
manding officers of the divisions se
lected are the proudest men in the
The divisions to which orders have
been issued were selected recently by
a close examination of every military
unit remaining in the United States.
The report* wet sent to the war de
partment and the fortunate commands
described as being far advanced in
military training were notified of their
good luck. At the same time the gen
eral officers were ordered to Washing
ton, it being the strict rule that before
these officers leave the country they
mast pass examination to determine
their physical fitness.
A "Soldier of the Soil" mSVement,
with intent to enlist 26,000 boys for
werk oa the bum, has been launched
Uto Murk LP Tlu Spent*
■ad Mm lahMMiora at Brlii km
been directed by the Qirma n foreiga
office to notify the Anwrlc* ara
naent that Germany wilt pr .! «ttl
imanm tpliut Anwrican pro party
In Germany In the <tma pmportta*
that artkm la takan againat German
pieperty In the United Statee Ree
tar'. Amateniam rorreaponilent pa*
HmM Hm aa Murk.
Waahington, March 18.—There ara
a hundred timea aa much Oarmaa
property in tha Unitad Stataa aa that*
ia Amancan pro party in > iermany,
according to aatimatax preaented re
cently to a Mnata committee by A.
Mitchell Palmar, alien property roe
Tha greetar part of Amer an prop
arty in Germany ia represented la
Standad Oil intareata. The Germaa
law now enablea the German govern
ment to do with American pro pet If
exactly what congreiia ia being aakad
to do with Carman property in Amer
ica. Tha aanata haa already paaaad
legislation authorising the alien prop
erty cuatodian to aall tha property
holding* of great German organisa
tion* in the United Stataa *o that
may not nerve aa the outpoata of kul
tur after tha war.
Awaiting Reply of Holland.
Washington, March 18.—Plans fop
operation of the Dutch shipping,
which will be acquired by the I'nitod
States and Great Britain either thru
voluntary agreement or by requisi
tion, were going forward steadily to
day while the government* awaited
the reply of Holand «c the demand
that aha accada to tha terms at tfcx.
contract which Germany blocked or
suffer seizure of all her tonnage fat
American and British waters.
Holand's reply, which has been dis
patched to London, is exported by
officials to conclude the negotiations
there today. Seizure of the ships in
American waters will be delayed, how
ever, until the reply is received here,
which may not be until tomorrow.
Operation of the ships will be un
der control of the shipping board. An
nouncement of (he trade to which they
will be put has been withheld but h is
understood that most of them will bo
used under the American flag and
adequately armed to carry food thru
the war zone to the allies.
Order to be FOImL
Eaumont, Tax.—The rite millers
of Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas
will AH the Government's order far
1,000,000 pocket* of rl«*n rice for
food for the Allies at the Govern
ment'* price, regardless of the abili
ty or inability of ths miller* to obtain
the rough rice at price* that will en
able them to make a reasonable profit,
it wa* announced from headquarter*
of the Southern Rice Grower* A va
riation following a meeting of repre
sentative rice growers and miliars
from the three state*. The Govern
ment's order at prices Axed will
smount to $7,260,000, and is by far
the largest rice order ever Ailed hi
About 800,000 pockets of rice or
three-fourth* of the order are now hi
the hands of the millers, it is Mid, and
little dtflrulty is expected hi porchas
Ing-The other one fourth, or 200,VM
Changes in Parcel Poet Law*.
Effective March Ikth. the
limit for parcel post mail will ha aa
70 pounds may be seat to any ate
irithin the 1, t, er 1 Bene, MO mils*.
60 pounds may ha net a*)i
In tha United State*.
The law relating to sis* as