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HOW AMERICAN DE
STOYERS GET U-BOATS
Often Um quaatton haa been naked
"What are our aubmarinea doing?
Are they active at all la hunting tha
German U boau which ara linking
our mercantile ahipping?" Occaaion
ally caaea ara heard of German aub
raarinaa being aunk by daatroyera.
Tha waakly Admiralty refarta tall of
• carta in numbar of merchant ahipe
"unaucceaafully attacked." from which
ana concludaa that in aoaaa caaaa a
U-boat may liava baan "begged" by
tha merchantman'a gun.
Nor ha a tha Amarican "moaquito"
flaat baa. Ion. In learning tha ftma of
U -beat hunting "Keen aa muatard,"
aaid a Britiah naval officer racantly in
talking about tha Amarican navy.
They limply love a acrap whan they
can gat It, but tha Germana ara not
Than art no and at (ton** about
tha sinkinc and daatroying of Gar
man U-boata huidan away ia tha vary
hriaf r* porta of commanding oflkeara
which from tima to tima raach tha
Admiralty, if ona could only cat at
tham. Of many of tha highly aue
i caaafni mathoda of hunting and da
atroying tha U-boat* it ia, of couraa,
impoaaibla to toll, but tha Admiralty
haa parmittad tha publication of mum
racant racords in which Amarican da
atroyara, Britiah daaroyara, motor
launchaa and lubmarinea have playad
Mwt arc Mtrc Boys.
The brave fellows engaged in the
work are, for U»o moot ptrt, mere
hoys, fresh faced, clear eyed young
sters, devoid of net ves, always alert,
-cool and confident, who have to make
up their minds and give their orders
«o the instant, and who, in true navy
■mlt_ nvform tkair ■Hailed taaka
, Here la a story of a successful en
gagement fought by two American
destroyers which were escorting a
convoy of raerchantment. They sight
ed a periscope, which, however, quick
ly disappeared. Rushing to the spot,
the destroyers dropped a depth charge
and then wheeled back. The peri
scope again appeared as though head
ing for the convoy, and off went the
destroyers at full speed.
Once more the periscope disap
peared, but not before three rounds
had been fired by the leading destroy
er, which also dropped a depth charge.
The enemy's bow then came up rapidly
and it appeared that he was lying at
an angle of thirty degrees, stem down.
German Crew Surrendered.
He managed to right himself and
tried to get away on the surface, but
again the Americans opened fire, and
then the Germans came on deck, held
up their hands and surrendered. The
U-boat sank just afterward, the sur
vivors being taken on board one of
Here is a tale of an English com
mander of a submarine just as it
"10 a. m.—Sighted hostile subma
rine. Attacked same.
"10:03 a. m.—Torpedoed subma
rine. Hit with one torpedo amid
ship. Submarine xeen to blow up and
disappear. Surface to look for sur
vivors. Put down immediately ' by
destroyers who fired at me."
But this young commander was. a
i little more explicit in his footnote, ax
he might well be, for having kept to
sea and his appointed duty under cir
cumstances of extreme difficulty and
hazard, he took his fate in his hands,
stalked the enemy and destroyed him.
"During my attack,") he wrote,
"there was just enough sea to make
depth keeping difficult. 1 tired two
torpedoes and one hit at forward end
£ of conning tower. A large column of J
yellow smoke about one and a half
times as high ai the mast, was ob
served and the submarine disappeared.
The explosion was heard and felt in
our own submarine. On the previous
day the periarope had become very
stiff to turn, and in the dark hours I
attempted to rectify tame, but while
doing so I »u f-tread to dive. and thus
lost all the tool* and nuta of the cen
"While attacking it took two man
beside mytxlf to turn tha periacopa.
Kor this reason I did noi consider it
prudont to attack tha destroyer after
having sunk tha submarine.
Lay na Bottom Amid Embj,
"After torpodoing aubmarina t pro
ceeded four milea northward and lay
on tha bottom. Many vaaaala through
out tha day ware heard in cloaa proxi
mity. Several axploeions were heard,
upecially ona heavy ona. It muat
have baan cloaa, an the noiaa waa con
aidarably louder than that of tha tor
pedo. On ona occaaion a wire iwaap
■craped tha whole length of tha boat
along ray port tide, and a veaaal waa
heard to pan* directly overhead."
That ia all. Tha feelinga nf these
gallant man, lying on tha sea bad,
while death in ita moat horrible form
•earched around for them, are left
to the imagination. They made port
safely, and, aftar refitting, put off to
This deadly game of submarines
against submarine is the blindest and
worst of tha sea fighting. The haz
ard ia the highest that can be imag
ined, but it is accepted by the splen
did men of the British and American
navies with cheerful disregard for
anything but duty. For not only must
our undersea craft run the risk of
being fired on by enemy shipa but
thay have also to chance shots from
Hriuin cruiser* and armed vnuli.l
who "tot fly" whenever they Hr a per-1
incope which they cannot identify.
Nelson Touch in One Fight.
There was a Nelson touch about
the destruction of one U-boat which
would have appealed strongly to the
little admiral who looked down fr
Sighting the German, the Britisher
dived and gave chase, worked blind
on the course her commander laid
and trusted somewhat to lock. Now
and again her periscope broke water
for a second or so—only long enought
for her skipper to confirm his course
and bearings. Then the British nav
igated into shallow water, so shal
low indeed that to avoid being seen
she had to scrape the bottom, bump
ing uncomfortably and dangerously all
the while, and had also to dip her per
Luck was with her, and she avoid
ed breaking surface until she came
to a position favorable for attack,
between 500 and 600 yards from the
U-boat, which, which, unsuspecting,
was lying awash her conning tower
open. Some of her crew were indeed
spreading the wind screen in prepara
tion for a trip on the surface.
Little did th«.. dream that in a
few seconds they v ould be on their
way to "Davy Jones' . ocker." But so ■
it happened. Away win a hiss went]
the torpedoes from her tubes, and as
they sped on their errand, the British
er was shifted so that another tube
was brough to bear on the enemy. The
commonder was taking no chances,
and if the bow tubes missed he was
ready to have another go. But the
bow tubes had been "well and truly
laid" on the target, and twenty se
conds after the torpedos had been fir
ed a dull explosion was heard by the
But there was no sign of the |
U-boat. There was a great disturb
ance upon the water where the pirate'
had last been seen and when the
Britiuhcr reached the spot the sea
was found covered with a thick layer
of oily substance. A wireless to the
depot port and another red dot went
on the chart which records the fate of
In the dawn of a bright morning a
British submarine sighted an enemy
U-boat running on the surface and at
once dived to get into favorable po
sition for attack. As the Navy would
say, she "proceded as requisite" for
fifteen minutes, and, rising until her
periscope was above water, picked up
har quarry again. The akipper want*
«1 to malt* rura of hka dim.
Carefully and expertly ha man
noeuvred hia boat Into favorabla poat
tion. Than a quick order, and out
of tha tuba a ahimng "tin ti«h" »ped
toward tha Hun. In la»- 'Van a r
uta tha exploeion waa haard. and up to
tha aurfaca ram tha Britiaher to look
for raaulta. Right ahead the *ea waa
covered with a. big patch of oil, in
which thrsa man wara swimming Two
were picked up by ona of tha lubma
rine'a tha otl'ar aank Itafora ha could
ba reached. Another of theKaiaar'a
pel" had "gone wait."
! A LIVELIER GAIT NEEDED.
Wmaton-SaiaM, N. C.—The Ameri
can Army in Franca now ona and ona
half million brawny, brava eoldiera,
aata 1,750,000 pound* of food a day.
Him food muat ba dalivarad at every
point where Amarican aotdicra hava
bean atationad whether it ba on the
front line tranches or back in the
■hop* where the men ere at work, «r
at base aupply stations.
A year ago thw country had an
artny of only 9.S24 officer* and 202,
610 enlisted men. Today there are
123,SOI officers and 1,623,2)2<( enlisted
men. This increase made by the
American army in one year, as well
as the itmount of food required Jsily
for it support indicates the size uf the
money problem that confronts the peo
ple at home in America who are call
ed on to stand back of the men sent
to do their fighting.
Furnishing food to the soldiers ii
just one item of expense connected
with financing the war. As important
as it is, it it hardly more essential to
the fighting soldier than keeping him
supplied with munitions, keeping him
free from diaeaae, healing his wounds.
If the soldier* moat keep fighting
as true soldiers chould they should
lack nothing. They should not be
made to feci that the people at home
had lost heart or interest or that they
were leaving it up to them. A fight
ing soldier must have something to
fight for and a people at home who
sacrifice, and who show their appre
ciation of his offering his life for them
is all that he needs or asks for.
The War Savings plan of raising
money to finance the war is devised
for the purpoae of affording every
man, woman, and child an opportuni
ty to make sacrifices for and show
his appreciation of the men fighting
at the front. Every mother's son
needs the love and support of the peo
ple at home.
Thus far, the War Savings cam
paign is bringing in only half the
amount of the daily savings that the
people are called on to save. The
stream has been flowing at only
$3,000,000 a day whereas $6,000,000
are needed and have been expected.
This small stream is only one of the
indications showing that a livelier gait
is needed on the part of the people at
The Old Negro's Soliloquy.
I>e Lawd, He had a job for me,
But 1 had so much to do
1 tole'lm to get somebody else.
Or wait till I get fru.
I dunno how de Lawd come out.
He .seemed to get along,
But 1 felt kinder sneaky like.
Cause I knowed I'd done 'im wrong.
One day I need de Lawd myself.
And need 'im right away;
He ru-her answered me a word.
But deep down in my 'cusin' heart,
I thought 1 heard 'im say:
"Nigger, Ise got so much ter do,
You'd better get somebody else.
Or wait till I get fru."
Now when de Lawd He hab a job,
1 neber tries to shirk;
1 quits whate-er I hab ter do
An' doe* J* good Lawd's work.
Ky own affair* can run along.
Or wait till I get fru.,
Fer nobody else can do de job
! Da Lawd's laid oat far you.
WASHINGTON LOOKS OM
THE U-BOAT ATTACK AS
ADMISSION OF FAILURE.
During Tim* Hun* War* Near
coin of Troop and Supply
Ship* Hivt Pitted Bound
Washington, June 3.—Germany ai
I ait has brought her aubmarine war
fir* to tha shor*> of the nUited tSataa
apparently in a forlorn hop* of ask
ing tailing Mow* <>m thia aid* of the
Atlantic and of drawing aoma of tha
American naval force* from the war
zone* wh*r* th* U-boat menace is
being alowly but aurely atrangled to
In the attack* upon coasting ves
sels almoit in aight of the New Jersey
ahore reported today, nary oAeials
ace a frantic admisaion from Berlin
that the aubmarina <ua failed. Ameri
can armed power Is rolling oreraeai
in ever-increaalng Wrce, deapite th*
utmoat exertion* of the undersea pir
ate* off the caat of Europe.
Now the raider* hare crossed th*
aesa and lurked for days near Amer
ica's greatest ports. They no doubt
were sent to aink tranaporta, but hare
again they failed. Blocked off the
troop ships by convoy craft, they have
turned in fury against defenseless
coasters. In all the record of destruc
tion they have written, the raiding
party has struck at no vassal bound
overseas and therefore armed for a
fight. Only ahips that could not hit
bark have been atmcked. The only
one of half a score of vessels proba
bly sent to the bottom that bad any
real military value in (hip or cargo
was an oil tanker.
Up to a lata hour tonight the de
struction of Ave sailing craft and the
nary department, fhe fate of 1
coastwise liner Carolina, which re
ported hy wireless yesterday she was
being shelled, was still unknown. The
crews of some of the craft destroyed
have been brought into port with a
story of 11 days' imprisonment
aboard an enemy submarine.
During that period scopes of troop
and supply ships have passed in and
out on business of crushing the Ger
man army in France. The U-boat
found no weak link in the chain of
armed craft that guarded them.
Secretary Daniels went to the capi
tol during the day to tell members of
the house naval committee that the
raid wa» designated to frighten the
American people in demanding the re
turn of war vessels from the other
side. He gave assurance that Con
gress need have no apprehension as to
protection of the American coast, and
that there will be no recall of forces
from the war zone.
Tonight Mr. Daniels summarised
the information reaching the depart
ment as follows:
"Navy department reports shows
that the following vessels have been
"Jacob M. Haskell, schooner, 1,960
tons, hailing from Boston, sailing for
Norfolk; 11 in crew, no passengers.
"Isabel B. Wiley, in ballast, net ton
nage 611; crew eigh.t
"Hattie Dunn, of Rocckland, Me.;
net tonnage 3flf>; in hallast, sailing for
"Edward H. Cole, of Boston tonnage
1,31*5; in hallast. bound for Norfolk;
crew of 11.
"Herbert L. Pratt, steamship oil
tanker; sunk about five miles south,
of Overfalls lightship, off the Dele
ware coast; .18 on board, ST of the
crew rescued and landed at Lewee; Ij
"The crews of the above named yes
eels- except ore man loet from the [
Pratt, were rescued.
"It appears that tae schooner Edna,
which was found bottom side up sev
eral days ago and towed into Lewes, I
Del., was also a victim of the sub
marnie. The crew of the Edna have'
been landed at New fork. 11m m
ter of the Winneeeonne picked up t
•it w of the Haiti* Dunn
ha, bun heard
from »b hip CwoIIm, which
mm out 1 O. M. caila Sunday altar
noon, atating that *ha waa being (hall
ad by a aubmarine. Tha Carolina at
tha time waa reported in tha aama
7*n*rml vicinity aa that in which tha
schucnars wara tona tha ami day."
Maanwhila, departmental ra porta
from naval diatricta alone tha whola
Atlantic cnaat ahowad farvartah ac
tivity among tha patrol flaata. Thua
from all alone tha roaat arm ad craft
ara converging on tha apot whara tha
anamy waa laat reported. Seaplane*
ara patrolling tha air aaaking any
traca. Evary craft haa ordara to Ara
on night of any auapicioua objact. Al
raady they hava flllad floating wrack
aga with ahot and ahall in aaarch of
tha foa laading to ra porta of battle*
at aaa from varioua potnta.
Paraiatant ra porta that ona of tha
two raidera raportad hand baan sunk
and tha othar eapturod wara in cir
culation naarly all day. Tha depart
ment had nothing to confirm them.
Around tha war and dapartmanta
there waa IKtla evidence of excite
ment Ordara flaahad out by Admiral
Ben eon lata yaatarday, whan the ft rat
intimation of tha appaarance of tha
enemy came, already had aat every
agancy for protection of tha coaat in
motion. There waa little to do but
tranamit to tha diatrict commanders
all information that waa received.
Ntw Phm Offwuif*
Soon to bt Launched.
Amsterdam June 2.—"Is I new Ger
man peace offensive coming?" i« the
inaction now being asked in political
circles. What has often been advoca
ted in Carman eocialiatic and radical
tana* upon which aha would be willing
to make peace now is urged even by
the pan-German Kreui Zeitung, which
judge* the present moment as a most
The newspaper says with emphasis
it is not a pence offer, but a peace of
fensive that is wanted, and it believe
the recent German military socces
Ms cannot fail to add weight to any
concrete proposal Germany may make
now, only, the newspaper adda, it
should be made publicly. ,
There need be no apprehension the
newspaper declares, that a peace of
fensive will weaken Germany's poli
The Kreuz Zeitung goes on point
ing oat that the abaence of a definite
government peace program is destroy
ing internal unity awhile the lack of
political activity in the interval be
tween battle* tends to hamper the con
duct of the war and leads to all aorta
of rumors about disagreements be
tween the government and the army
The government is called upon by
the Kreuz Zeitung to appoint imme
diately a commission consisting of a
leading economist a colonial expert re
presentatives of the army and the
navy and an international jurist under
the presidency of an able diplomatist
U> work out a complete peace pro
Saloon Keeper* Told
to Purchase Bonds.
St. Louis, Mo.—Excise Commission
er Lewis is calling to his office 500
laloon keepers who failed to answer
Ilia request that they inform him as to
How many Liberty bonds they had
taught. A letter was sent to every
taloon owner, and 1300 showed they
luul bought of the various issues.
Those who failed to answer were call
id in and told to buy. The comaie
uoner told ihem that they could not
ixpact to have license issued for the
■oming year unless they were buyers.
'You ask for the privilege of operat
ing a saloon, a business that require*
tone capital," he told them. "If you
tr* too poor to bey toads you are too
pe*r la ^nali a dram shop."
WILL STOP SHIPPING
FLOUR INTO STATE,
North Carolina Marchanta t*
Rafrain from Importing flour
—North Carolina'* Sharo ia
Within Hor Bordor*.
Kalaigh, J una 1.—"Ha«sd ua tlM fa
tal auppljr m tha United Stataa far
consumption, and coneidoriag tha da
craaaad ronaumption by our paopla,
then ii within the bordara at North
Carolina our jhara and mi rm of flour'
tod;, xtatad Pood Admin intra tor Hen
ry A. I'aje. "Tbu bainff trua I M
railing upon tha wholaaala and rstall
m»rrhanta of North Carolina to ra
frain from Handing furthara ordara for
flour to milla outaida of North Caro
"Tha larger milla which hava baaa
accustomed to ahip tramandoua .plan
ts tiaa of flour into North Carolina ar*
moat of tham cloaa to export pointa
and and all of tham ara in poaition to
pack flour for export. Therefore tv«
where merchant* in nm part* at
North Carolina could nacura from luch
milla thair flour chaapar than tbay can
from North Carolina milla which hava
flour available, I «m going to aak 1
than to taka the horaa flour avan at a
"I do not pretend to aay that that*
ia sufficient flour in North Carolina to
aupply anything lika the normal da
manii. What I do mean to say ia
that if we are to ruddIv our Alliaa
with the quantity they mult have ws
have ma much flour hi North Carolina
u w« are entitled to and as much in
proportion aa the people of any other
State or notion—and we Have no right
There are a considerable number of
small mill* in North Carolina which,
heretofore, have been able to sspply
which, bscsuse of the conservation at
Boor by the people in their respective,
rommunitiss, have for the market out
side of their communities. consider
able quantities of flour. In scores of
instance* these small mills are not
prepared to pack flour for export or to
supply it in sufficient quantities to
warrant offering it for export and it
is these small units of flour which Mr.
Page plans to divert to those markets
in North Carolina which have here
tofore imported ail or most of their
flour from outside the state. Mr.
Paces office has send out a letter to
the millers of the State requesting
them to list their flour so that his
iffice may put prospective buyers and
sailers of fk>ur in touch with each
Mr. Page's request to flour dealers
to refrain from purchasing flour out
side the State is not an order but it
is vary clearly indicated in the office
of the Food Administration that all
dealers will be expected to comply
with the request and that any disre
card of the request will be looked up
on with extreme disfavor by the Pood
Lawyers to Work on Fa
St. Louit Mo.—The Missouri Stat*
Bar Association through its presideat
is asking lawyers all over the State
to take a vacation this summer by
helping harvest wheat on the farms
of Missouri and Kansas. Many St.
Louis, Kansas City, St. Joseph and
Springfield lawyers have agrssd to
have a farm work vacation. Judge
John F. Phillips, retired from the
United States District Court and
Judge John Kennish. former member
of the iMssouri Supreme Court, are
imong those who have signed up for
Be we! Casiplaiate is India.
In s lecture st one of the Dss
Motna, lows, churches s missionary
Prom India told of going into the in
terior of India, where is was taken
tick, that he had s bottle of Cham
Mrlaia'a Colic, Cholera and Pii ihoaa
Remedy with him and believed that
t saved his Ufa. This i ssatdy is ssad
lucesssfully in lndte both as a peeves
Jvs and cure for cholera. Toe but
now from this that H ess hs da-eruf
>d *e for the milder tmm e< tows!