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AUSTRIA'S DEFEAT MAT
CHANGE GERMAN PLANS
Caatral Powers Imt* Dult •
Blow That Will F«rth«r
Shake the Moral* of Their
Washington, June 24. — Italy ia
•bias* with «nthu*ia»m and joy a* the
result of the Italian victory along the
Piave, the Italian rmtawy wax ad
vised today in a cablegram from Rome
Beyond telling of the effective ro-oper
•tion of the Italian sea forces with the
army, the message added little to pre
vious accounts of the Austrian retreat.
"The enemy," said the dispatch "has
been beaten back across te Piave from
Ifontello to the sea. Italy is ablate
with enthusiasm and joy.
"The Italian navy has effectively co
operated to the defeat of the enemy
by battering the positions along the
Tagliamento river and north of Cas
telazzo while the marine battalions
operating along the lower Piave ad
vanced and captured hundreds of pris
"The Austrian Aviators made an in
cursion on Brindisi. Of nine planes
which took part in the expedition two
were shot down and the others forced
to retire without do»ng any damage.
In retaliation Italian and British avia
tors bombed f'aturo and I.ura/zo.
"A great demonstration of greet
ing to Italy and the oppressed nalmn
r alities of At : rin was hold th: ;i".
noon in the gardens of the British em
bassy by initiative of the British am
bassador. Roumanian officers were
present and weie received with great
applause. These officers and the Ru
manian legion are about to leave for
the Piave front to fight in the Ita
lian army against the common ene
Crushing Blow halt Been Dealt.
Wae^yngtg^, June 24.—Germany's
entire offensive program may have
been upset in the opinion of some offi
cers here by the crushing defeat of the
Austrian* along the 1'iave river.
Official reports reaching Washing
ton bear out the picture of the Aus
tian (li-aster given in press accounts
from Italy, although the full extent of
the Italian succe ■ is not yet apparent.
It is regarded as ♦•ertain, however,
that the central pnwers have been
dealt a blow that will further shake
the morale of their people and pro
bably will compel the German high
command to make a complete read
justment of its plans in France.
Secretary Baker showed the signifi
cance attached here to the defeat of
the Austrians when he dispatched a
telegram today to the American am
bassador at Rome for transmission to
the Italian minister of war. in which
he congratulated Italy upon the splen
did exploits of the army.
Mr. Baker's message was prompted
by the fact that the enemy was in re
treat across the Piuve and before the
news came that the Italian!) had
smash up the retreating foe, making
the retirement a disorganized rout.
There is no doubt here now that the
victory will prove to be one of the
most decisive in character of the
Army officers agreed with the view
expressed by Mr. Baker that the de
feat could not help hut influence
greatly the course of event* in France
It is regarded as vital from the Ger
man point of view that the, Italian
front may be made secure before Ger
man designs in France can be prose
cuted to their fulk-.i development.
While there is imminent danger that
the Austro-Hungarian government
may collapse, Germany cannot devote
herself wholly to the task she hits un
dertaken of forcing victory in the wes1
* hefore American manpower can swinj
the scales finally against her.
For this reason both at the war de
jMtrtmenl and in diplomatic circles
there was much speculation as to th<
mores to support Austria already tak
R en hy the German high command
There is little doubt that reports ol
Urge German troop movements to Its
ly art wall founded aa it la b«li«»«d
tka situation moat ba raatarad tkara
at all coata until tha whola great of
fensiva in Franca ia to fall of ita own
Tha German problam in rushing
troop* to Italy ia a difficult ona. Not
only will tha withdrawal of man from
Franc* weaken tha whol* offensive ef
fort tharc at a tima whan American
aid, the arrival of Italian division* and
other measure* arc Iwginning to place
at General Foch's disposal enough r»
nerve* to enable hin. to strike hard at j
any weakened point, hut the transpor
tation of n sufficient force to offset the
Italian victory must necessarily be J
Secretary Raker pointed out today
that the Italians under General Diaz
fresh from successful chci k of the |
Austrian advances, took quick and full
advantage of the rise of the Piave h*-'
hind the enemy. Indications are that I
the Aiiih of- the Austrian army, em-|
ployed in forcing the crossing has
been virtually annihilated and the Ita-j
liarts are driving home their victory,
relentlessly. Every day means fur- i
ther disorganization among the Aus
trian at the preient rate. German1
reinforcement* must arrive quickly,
many officer.-, believe, unle>< the Aus-I
trian war machine is to be crippled
for month* to come.
Meanwhile official reports show that
growing seriousness of the food riot
ing in Austria. The people apparent
ly are in no condition to stand a great
military reverse aoch as that they
mu.-t now fa e.
lhere nave r>ecn many sifrns recent
ly thnt General Koch was rapidly fret
ting Into shape a ; lroag reserve force.
The employment of the American and
Italian divisions has nerved to release
French chock troops for rest and re
habilitation. There are ni<i;.ation»,
also that the effect of the British man
power legislation ia being felt at the
fror.t. The divisions which suffered
severely in the German assaults ap
parently have been out of the line for
] «on« time. The recent successful re
sistance of the Italian near Kheims
' was in position formerly held by these
Whether General Koch is prepared
to take advantage of the diversion j
caused by the Austrian disaster can-i
not be foretold. Home observers here,
1 including Italian officials, believe that
! the situation on the Italian front ia
so grave for the Germans that 'they j
will be compelled to transfer their
main operations to that theater, leav
ing only defensive forces in the wit.
Some officials here, however expect
the Germans to hit hard in France in
order to cover whatever other step*
they are compelled to take for the re
lief of Austria. Repeated blows al
ong the allied front, it is argued,
' would tend to keep General Fo. h from j
inaugurating an inter-allied offensive
'in Italy and might impede plans fAri
i a >rreat counter drive in France. The
j accelerated movement of American
troops to France is going ahead with- j
j out confusion. There is certainty in
the minds of high officials that in ex
cess of a million men will have been
shipped Iwfore July 1. Originally it
was not hoped to reach this figure, but j
j the shipping obtained from Great
Britain has proved sufficient to in
j crease the program.
Rev. Walton S. Danker is
Dead From Shell Wound.
With the American Army in France
•lune 23.—The Rev. Walton S. Dan
ker, of Worchehter, Mass., chaplain of
the 104 infantry, died Tuesday from
» shell wound. He was buried Wed
nesday near the spot where he fell.
Rev. Mr. Danker, the first Amer
ican chaplain to give his life in the
•rviee on the American front, wu
decorated about a month ago, along
with lift men for gallantry in the
fighting at Apreinont last April. Rev,
Frederick H. Dankkr, a Young Men's
Chirbtian association worker and a
brother of the chaplain, wmi with him
when he died.
MONEY AT RATE OF OVER
ONE BILLION AN HOUR.
Lmt th« Kiiier Know it Fi»«
Billion Dollar Fortification.
Bill ihoveJ .hrough in Houm
in Fiv« Hours.
Washington, (June 24.—Two billion
lollara an hour waa the approximate
rat* at whirh Congress appropriated
noney today for wi,r purpose*. Both
the senate and hou.-e broke all record*
for * peed and harmony in action.
In tha hou^e the formation*, car
rying more than Ave billion* for big,
run* and ammunition, for General
Perrhing's army, wan, [mined in let*
than Ave hour*, while in the *enate lit
Lie more than an hour wa* consumed
m putting through the sundry civil bill
with more than three billion* for war.
Combining the speed record of the two
linuses, it surpassed anything any ap
propriating body ha* ever done.
*(>erm iny should know thi* tonight,'
naid Representative Fes*, of Ohio, Re
publican, as the house bill paused. "We
liavn pa***-'! this bill at the rate of a
billion and a quarter dollar* an hour."
F'eople Should Know it Too.
"Yes, and the people of the country
should know it, too." commented
In the senate the sundry civil bill,
authorizing $.1,300,000,000 in cash and
contract* for war supplies, passed in
an hour and -0 minute*. The senate
then began the reading.of the regular
army bill, with its twelve billions to
tal, which .probably will be approved
tomorrow. The house took up the
fortifications bill tooay with a speech
by Representative Borland, Minsouri,
Democrat, chairman of the fortifica
tion* sub-committee, in explanation of
the big gun program as the tatstand
ing feature of tfc* discussion. .
informing in* noo»e tnat tne gov
ernment would build "an American
Krupps" on an inland in the Ohio riv
er below Pittsburgh, Mr. Borland wn
asked how long it would take to turn
out bin guns at this estaWiohment.
Big Ouim Will be Needed.
Representative Miller, of Minneso
ta, a-ked if it were not true that big
guns — 12, 14 and lii-inch, rould not be
turned out there liefore January, 1920.
Mr. Borland said some estimate* plac
ed the date u early a* July, 1919, but
regardless of the time needed the
government would need its own great
ar-enal in add'tion to the Midvale and
Bethlehem gun factories and the fa
cilities for gun supplies in France.
If the war should and unexpectedly
soon, which Mr. Borland doubted, eve
ryone would rejoice and the money
spent would be infinetismal.
"If this plant cannot l>e construct
ed in time to help win the war, the ex
penditure is not justified," said Repre
Representative Boland relied:
"Of course we are not depending on
any sudden collapse of the enemy. We
are not underestimating the difficul
ties. It would not be wise to underes
timate either the delay or difficulties
in winning tliis war. We are not go
ing to postpone the construction of a
big gun because forsooth we might not
liegin to get the guns for 19 months.
In 18 months we may be more sorely
in need than we are today. We arc
going right ahead with the program
of winning this war if it takes 10
years to do 11 and the soouer the world
finds out I'ncle Sam is in this war in
enrneJt, that he is going to win it and
conquer our enemies, then the sooner
the war will be happily over." |
Allied Offensive Hinted At.
An allied offensive was hinted at
during delinte when Representative
McKenzie, of the military affair* com
mittee, suggested that the maunfac
ture of very heavy guns to be Rent to
Kranoe "is for theii use when the al
lies take the offensive."
"My private opinion agrees with
yours," said Representative Borland.
Representative Borland added: "In
addition to features of the big gun
program that I have spoken, we have
another contemplated in this program
for th« mtnifMtgri of gufia, and that
is quit* an ixttniivt big g*n program,
12 and 14-inch guns and 1 A-inch howit
aars. To da that we must build what
lha newspapers call an American
Krupps; that ia, wa must build a gov
ernment arsenal for the manufacture
of guns froaa the rtee< Ingot up to the
finished weapon, or possibly even froas
the iron ora up to the .e finished wea
pons. That will be built on an islam!
in the Ohio river belu* Pittsburgh. It
will absorb as much as possible of the
skilled workers in steel in that vicini
ty; ami the perfection of organiza
tion and the assemnting of |iersonnel
will tie possible there under conditions
more favorable fhan thosa presented
by any other situation.
"While the newspapers have railed
it an American Krupps, it is even bet-|
ter than that, for instead of being a
private monopoly under government
control, it is a government arsenal,
and we expect to make li ese guns on
ly for the United States."
Gassed and Wounded Men
Arrive at Fort M'Henry.
Baltimore, Md. June 23.—The first
detachments of- Perilling'* gassed and
wounded men arrived at Fort Me.
Henry hospital Louay. Amone the
patient* la an infantryman Buffering
from mustard gas poisoning. He ha*
not yet retrained the full power of his
speech and tan only talk in whispers.
He is Sergt. Hubert Hill, from Luf
Private William CI. Rowland, of Los
Angeles, C'al., wan also gassed. He is
a member of the seventh cavalry and'
was on detached service with the am-'
munition train horse section at Toul.
Private Charles G. Hopkins, infan
try-man, of Madison Tex., who was
wounded last November at ToyJL^jgyp*
to Ix- the first American wounded in
One night the Germans raided the
Amtirican trenches and during the
fighting Hopkins was wounded in the
left arm. He continued firing until
the German- had been beaten back.
Sergt. Harry D. Marrell, of San
Francisco, member of the aviation
'■orps, is suffering from a compound
fracture of the left army. Marrell
was up 5,000 feet testing out a plane
when the engine became disabled and
the plane fell. The machine straigh
tened out at an altitude of 100 feet.
It fell into a haystack saving Marrell's
Depth Charge* Effective
Against Enemy Submarine*.
London, June 23.—Interesting nar
ratives from reliable sources refute
the German assertion regarding the
alleged ineffectiveness of depth
charges and other methods of destroy
On a bright moonlight night a
British patrol boat observed a subma
rine half a mile distant, apparently re
charging. The captain immediately
ordered full speed in the direction of
the U-boat with the object of ram
ming her before she was able to sub
merge. The U-boat succeeded in sub
merging, but the patrol boat came up
and dropped six depth charges and
then fired a r.hell at the center of the
visible disturbance. I.arge quantities
of oil came to the surface and cries
for help were heard. Only one sur
vivor was found. ,
A British submarine recently ram
med an enemy submarine. The Bri
tish boat cut through the enemy's
plates and remained imbedded. Both
craft endeavored to extricate them
selves". The enemy, through using hi*
ballu: t tanks, almost came to the sur
face, bringing the British submarine
along. Then the German drew away
in great difficulty, apparently frati
colly endoavoring to keep afloat, but
subsequently sank. i
I Every individual must look this
thrift question squarely in the fare.
If he does not meat the iuue fully and
'promptly, he is not doing all that he
can to win the war.
GIVE YOUR EAGLE
WINGS THESE DAYS.
Hew • German in Brooklyn
Convinced Visitor* of His
Loyalty With Bond Display.
The rommittM on public informa
tion at Washington miuU out this in
Not long ago two small black boys,
both eripples, were sailing papers on
the «nm Broadway corner. One had
lost his right leg, the other both. And
plainly the first wasn't putting any
thing like full business volume into
his voice. A puzzled customer asked
"Well, boas," he said, and he made
it a whisper confidence. "Ah *ho
does wanter show that two-rrutcher
that Ah'nt on'y je«' a-ho'lerin' fo' one
Over in France our boys are now
standing up srrHimt th* frrcato-t of all
German drives. Every day more of
them are taking wounds and death,
chin up and with a smile. In the same
weeks, over there, the government is
asking ua for more money. And, un
less we're to shame ourselves forever,
we've not going lo holler for so much
as a little finger.
Two billion* are wanted now—two
billion in war saving: . And we aren't
even asked to irivc. We are asked to
lend, al four per cent compounded
quarterly. "Oh, I wouldn't want to
take interest," "aid one fighting Indi
ana grandmother; "I feel too much
like I wax just inve ting it in the
Lord." Hut it will rte invented in Un
cle Sam as well. He will both make
(Trim Ufe of it now «ml pay the inter
est when the time come
And in the meantime, while our
boys are struggling and dying we
have one more chance to »ht.w them
We know wTl.il OWy're fhrti and
that we're behind them evfry minute.
A Baby Bond Display
We can't "how them in any other
way. Only out rponcy or our work can
talk. In the la.it war savings drive an
old Brooklyn delicatessen man was
looked on with suspicion because he
had a German name and accent—until
he heard about it. "Vat ?" he said,
"Vat? You dirk I'm some Kaiser
luffer? Veil, I lefdt you know aboudt
that!" And he "ledt them know" in
fifteen minutes by means of a window
display in which the sliced ham and
pickles and herring could hardly be
seen for baby bonds. He had $4,000
worth of them. "Andt now," he said
then, "you fellers mit American names
you show me!"
If we're shouting for those boys in
mouths alone we need never imagine
Picardy and Champagne with our
we're convincing even our children.
As for our neighbor, we may well take
npte of the expression he is wearing
the next time we try it with him.
But if we want to "show" our whole
town and county, there is one way we
can do it without even raising our
The government 1* giving us the
chance to show by t«wns and countien
anil by states. From each it is ask
ing so much—as a minimum if you
like. Rut from none is it asking a
penny more than the bank returns
and the assessment rolls of that par
ticular town or county or state show
that it'ran rightly afford to five. And
if it doesn't make ifond. no old-h'ome
week oratory about the Golden City
of the Ciolden West or the grand old
eastern state of Iluncnmbe can cam
ouflage it. But— tarke warning from
the inside—there are certain cities
and statesjWhich are prepanng to give
ao much more than *ny insulting min
imum that if yours la a rival city or a
rival stale which alio hopes to ahow
the Hun it will he wise to begin now,
and make lis working schedule "from
II to 1J."
We Meaa It.
We are asked foe only two billions
new. Ijiter there will be more two
billion*, and ulways more. But of
them in their own time. And two
bUUona mean* $20 a head from the
wbole 100,000,000 of oa. That la,
•very man hia own double eagle. Now
and hereafter give your eagle wings,
and a beak, and claw*' "We mean it!"
was th« dour old Vigilante motto. Lot
ua leave no ortkly poaaibility of doubt
that we do, either in Berlin and Vien
na or among the alliea or among those
neutrals who, with the right kind
of showing from ua, may become al
lies later on.
In the old Indian war*, while only
a few men could u»e the loopholea,
everyone else in the blockhouse—men
and women and children, too— stood
U hind them in the powder moke and
laded the gun*. The (fun* must be
kept loaded now. Anil that alone isnt
enough. The right word wan said
nearly a year ago. It was said by •
big colored volunteer, standing on
guard at the entrance to hia San An
I tonio camp He wasn't selling paper*,
and he wasn't ■ mall, and he had both
arms and legs. Hi* was a'job where
he was going to need them. And he
| wasn't hollering at all. In fact, he
held hi* Springfield with so peculiar a
' quietness that some <mall boy on
! takers began to believe that, after all,
I he might be only a piece soldier. And
! one of them asked him if his gun was
I "Am tnis gun loaded." he said;
'"Am it loaded? Boy, Ah'm hear to
i h'>w the whoel world this gun am
I loaded." _
Government Hospital Train
Brings Number of Patient*.
A heville, June 22.—A government
hospital train, one of the three in the
service, left this city today after de
| livering la« ni^ht 124 empyema pa
itient: to army hospital No. 12. Kenil
! worth Park. Ei>;n<ma is a disease
reuniting from pneumonia or pleure*y_
abcess often forming on the lungs. It
| is thought that this climate will be
: especially helpful to this trouble.
The train was placed in commission
| ut Pullman, III., last Wednesday and
j left at once with the empyema com
mission, headed by Major Dunham, for
| Camp Lee, Va. The train is in com
mand of Lieut. A. E. Maines with a
personnel of 24 enlisted men.
A numlier of Asheville people today
were shown through this train and
! found it to be more complete than the
layman would expect to find a station
ary hospital. The six cars include a
thoroughly equipped operating room,
kitchen, dining and sleeping cars. The
; officers compartments have shower
| baths and other convienees. With the
Hart food cart Lieut. Maines stated
' that he IWd fed 250 patients in 30
minutes. The cart is equipped with
two cylinders, which are a form of
| tireless cooker, where the dishes are
kept hot. It is something new. The
tourist pullmans have tables which
-lide under the seats, and new style
< lockers made of iron with the paint
I baked on so they can be cleaned with
Two Glen nan bunk cars named for
I the designer, attracted attention.
Kach accommodates 32 bed and 64 sit
ting up patients. The bunks can be
placed in reclining or changed into
The trip from Camp Lee to Ashe
| ville was the first for this car and was
pronounced a complete success. Lieut
enants J. C. Shaw and J. D. Overall
of the medical reserve are asssitanta
to Lieut. Maines.
Two-Third* of U-Boat*
Launched arc Destroyed
Pari*. June 22.—Two-third* of lh«
1 Herman U-boat* launched arc already
at the bottom of the aea, according to
a statement made to the deputise by
the under-aecretary of the navy.
"And." continued the undtr-ieri*.
tary, "we are deatroying them twica*
aa faal a« they are building them.'
Kvery time a Cermafi anbmarina
■ink* a ahip, *o much product of labor
| and material* i? wafted Every time
| you buy anything not needed, ae aadt
.product of labor aad material* I*