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The Mount Airy news. (Mount Airy, N.C.) 1895-current, July 04, 1918, Image 1

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GOV. BICKETT TALKS TO ASH COUNTY PEOPLE Blame* Action of draft »wd«n t oh Ignoranca and Fait* In formation. Jefferson, June In opening I.is speech here today Governor Hickctt ■•id: "Men of the mountain: I <**m* '• y»o t«<lay to nave and not to destroy. I come to save the fair »»me of a county in which the whol. state takes, ant! of which I have ever spoken with, peculiar pride. I come' to save to yon, men of the mountain*., your birthright of h»nor and chivalry;, I come to rave wayward and willful boys 'mm the <ad and certain conse quences of^itrnorance and sin. "My heart i yearns after these boy* even ai the heart of David yearned after Absalom. Absalom had in him the elements of n hem. He was lienu tiful in form and brilliant m mind, but he listened to the whisperings of evil spirits. He deserted the house of his ■ father; he rebelled against the law of! Israel; he died as the fool dieth, and' the king cried aloud: 'Ablnlom, my *nn. wotilrl to Hod r had died fw the." Continuing Governor Rirkett »«id: "Already In North Tarolina three young men. one in Jackson, one in Pit and one in Ashe have followed in 1 the footsteps of David's son. Like Absalom they have died as the fool «lleth. nnd to save others from this tragic and hameful end, I am hen today. Probes for the Reason. "I have tried honestly to get at the' real cause of this inrovely situation.1 I have put to my soul the question:' 'Why .to there men seek to hurt their, "unty J?heo *v*ry hand should be, fcenwse they are afraM to light. The mountaineer loves a scrap. He would Juat a little rather flght than not, for the same money. "It ia not because they are unwill-' ing to do or to give their share. JJo where on earth will you find truer hospitality than right here in these! hills, and if you were to tell any man in this crowd that he was unwilling toj pull his end of the single tree, to tote hia end of the log; that he was a stacker, who wanted to saddle his job on another man's shoulders, you would—well in a few minutea—you would devauUy wio that you had been born with sense enough to keep your mouth shut," "I speak whereof I know." declared' the governor. "I have spent much time in these hills, have walked with you along rushing mountain torrents! and over rug?cd mountain slopes, and I know your hospitality and the real joy you take in doing your own part and in helping another fellow along. I um forced to the conclusion that there mountain boys are giving trouble because they have not been told the truth about this war. and because they have be-n told a lot of lie* about it. Ignorance and misin formation is at tho bottom of all thia trouble ar.d a!l thia shame. "It is ray purpose in kindness and in —iter to lay Kef ore yoo the ever lasting truth about thin war and to strip nak ed in all their ugliness the lies that have been peddled nut to these boys." „ The chief executive continued his speech enumerating the atrocrities of the Huns, in each instance supporting his rlaim of barbarism perpetrated upon humanity by them, and in clear, coacise and forceful language justi fied the position of oar '.and in this titanic struggle. The influence of his masterful address and rppral to the flover and manhood of the land was widespread, and already the influence of V* cuaring here ts greatly felt. It ie commonly under»to«d that the gwvern'ir decided to come here after raeeivins the report iA Adjutant Gen eral Youig who has been here investi gating the nc.oal situation. As yet tit* governor has net made public what action he will take to bring hi the deaartara, which now numhar •round forty, including actual deeert ers from army ampa and technical daatertera. Ha however uppeari to hava thua far remained Arm in hia convicition that military u*ni*tanca xhould only ha reaoicad to after othar methods have failad. In ronvaraation' here fiovemor llirkatt naid: "It la my enrneat da*ire that thane hoya ran I* Induced Into service through <trm rillatory meaaurea, and I Khali peraoe every <-lfnrt to that end. Rut nhuuld civil and peaceful method" prove un nvaillntr, I hi:ll iee to it that every one of them la placed In the handa of the authoritlae if it take* the entire military power of the 4tata." Ijiteat information haa it that the majority of the forty deartera, now lurking in mountain reeemea, are nrmed. Aa yet it h«a not heen deter mined hnw well organised the hand or handa are, hut it I* generally helleved' that the entire number it not in one llMlfe • ENEMY STUNG, NOW PREPARING HARD BLOW Americana Are Ready For the Hunt to Strike. With the American Force* on the Murne, June .10.—F.xcm ive move merits of troop* and material! north of Chateau Thierry together with the increased artillery and aerial activity, from the baitii of the belief that American forces in this locality may lie called upon to defend them Helve* in the near future. Long streams of enemy troops and wagon train* have been observed in the neighborhood of the Bonne* wood. There have bean more than 50 enemy >tntt| rtyhti y*tr (hi Amtnew lUuMwi m>rtw of CI*tern. Thierry h. he' last 24 hear*. One Carman machine wan »hot down by »ur anti-aircraft gun*. The American artillery ha* heavily shelled many vital and active spot* within the enemy line*, once obtain ing a direct hit in a detachment of marching German*. American* Are rRady. Kor day* the American* have been expecting thnt the enemy. *fung by the defeat administered to him re cently on this front wnuld make a vig orous asPBuIt'upon the American for ces, and it was partly for this reason that the American operation* in the Belleau section were carried out. With these operations completed, the Americans now hav« the country for several miles in front of them under their eyes and guns and can see what is developing. In consequence, when the expected blow corner they will be much better prepared to meet it. The American troops have made all preparation* and the Germans will get an exceedingly warm reception if they try what the situation today in dicate* they have in mind. The Amer ican* say thnt no matter where the enemy Jt.rikcs ho»i« hound to pay dearly for hi* effort and that the big ger the target jhe better the Ameri can force* will like it. the east of Chateau Thierry along the river Marne, except for con stantly increasing long range shelling on both sides comparative quiet reigns There has been no patrolling because the bright moonlight on the water prevent* a crossing but the American sniper* have been to active in the laat four days that the Germans rare ly ever make an appearance. Notice to Thrashers. Owing to the faot that th« wheat crop hat b«—n haixtjted earlier ihn j-ear than unual and the further fst-t that tha supply of flour is almost ex hausted, after consultation with the c mmittee slid the Food Administra tin at Ra'fizh, it is derided that the thi-a«heri can hegin on the l'Kh of the month instead of the lfith. Thrashwrs rill pleas* govern themselves arcard n*»y. This Joljr 2nd. l»t>. W F CARTER, Co. Food Admr. SENSATION IN HUNGARY LOSSES ARE ANNOUNCED "No Lack of Ammunition" Premier; "Lack of Pood," Declaree Deputy. AnnlfiUm, fun* SO.—Dr.Alexan der Wrkerle, the Hungarian premier, rauaed a nenmatiun in parliament Sat urday when a declaration regarding (he A uatro-Hungarian loaaaa in the laat Italian >iffen*ive, according to a Ilu<tapei<t dispauh received here to day. The premier Kaid that during the laat few <laya exciting rumor* were being circulated regarding the loaeea. These rumor*, he declared were much exaggerated, lite Aua tro-Hungarian armiea were with-j drawn on the Plave front in order to ■pare live*, he declared, nince they mu»t have auntained very great loaitea had they held that line. "But how great are our loaaes?" interrupted Deputy Zlinaky. "The number of prisoners taken wai recently staled to lie 18,000 the premier rrplied. "I must, however, correct that statement. The truth ia that the Italians have taken 12.000, while 50.000 Italian* fedl into our; own hand*. In the rase of an of-j fensivc and a retreat thin figure can not be termed axcessively high. Much sadder ia the Ions we suffered in dead, wounded and' nick, mostly sick. In the tenth and eleventy Ita lian offensive* we lout 80,000 to 100,-1 000 men. Now, however, our losses] are -tiatilar, about 100,000 men." (•raat excitment in the chambor marked thin declaration. The premier! continued: "1 am obliged to record this re Ptave thf uppermost unfortunately collapsed and then both of the others were carried away with it. This fi gure includes the fallen, the slightly wounded and those brought back as in effectives." A great uproar interrupted the pre mier and there were cries of "they were ail Hungarians." When quiet was restored. Premier Wekerle con tinued: "I mentioned these figures in order to describe the t ituation with per-fect sincerity. Also, because our enemies will certainly portray these losses in an exaggerated fashion and perhaps also our public opinion. "There alto are tumors circulating that on this occasion also Hungar ian troops were called upon in ex cessively large numbers and that the losses fell upon them only. There fore. I must point out that 33 Hungar ian and 37 Austrian regiments parti cipated in the entire offensive and re treat. or 47 per cent. Hungarian and 53 Austrian. "In (he entire advance and retreat the Italian losnes amounted to 150, 008, far surpassing our looses in dead wounded and nick. "A report also i.« being circulated that our lomtes were due to a lark of ammunition. A duputy here ahuuted: "Lack of food." The premier relied to this by de claring that "our army never was to well prot ided with ammunition ■ as j during the middle of June." "It i» true" the pt«raier added "that of three bridge*. thrown across the Piave, the uppermost unfortunately collapsed and then both of the other* were carried away with it. Thus, un urmnuntable difficulties arwe in | bringing up proviuie^s during the sen sational retreat, which followed ac ; curding to th« regular plan and only a few troop* who remained behind, 1 wh i covered tfts retreat, fell into Ita lian hands. The entire retreat was , carried out in such an orderly and un 1 observed manner tWat the Italian* continued their attack* on our poai liona. "If, daapiU these regrettable events I I draw deduction* from the whole it I ia art to ba doubted that w» bi flirted [ import .nt Iouh on the Italians and prevented them from sanding t Con siderable p*rt of their troop* to tktj WHUrn front, which, in the wUmt of tha common conduct of tha war, la undoubtedly tha objective which it, wa* ixir duty to attain. Thi* aim, too | wa attainad." Could Turn out 10,000 A*ri«l Dreadnaufhti. New York, June 29.—The claim that llandlay I'ufi, tha British air- j plana ronatructor, could turn out 10,-' MM) "nuperaarial dreadnaughta" in tha United State* by April 1, 1919, wa* made in a formal statement tonight by W. H. Workman; ipecial repre-. sentative in thi* country of Hand'oy i Pa ire, Ltd. Thane plane*, Mr. Workman de clared, could ha landed in France un der their own power, with enough [rutin, bomb* and aviator* "to defeat th> German* within .10 to 60 day*, if1 we start now." After announcing that he had ac-l quainted the war department and the! aircraft board with thi* proposition, Mr. Workman raid he believed none) of the 10,000 plane* would be lo»t in! trans-Atlantic flights, and that, with a Hritiah and an American aviator; he would be willing to make the first flight, proceeding from Newfound-' land to Krnnce, via the Azores and! Portugal. Asserting that he consilient this route the best, he explained that a 7,000-foot volcano in the Azores would ■frfc on* guide and suj? Rested that "at least ten destroyer* in a Mtate of obeolesdence could be stretch-' ed out to act as lightships," so that i "pilots of the airplanes would never' be out of sight of a destroyer, togath- j "One* this is started," he said, "there will be a continuous chain ofj airplanes connecting the United j States with the continent of Europe, I from early morning untii late at night one machine leaving every ten minu-' tes, every day." Mr. Workman said that Mr. Page could bring here a staff of expert de signer* and turn out the machines in factories in Cleveland, Buffalo, De troit and Grand Rapids, deliveres to, start December 1, 1918. He added tlat in three days these' planes could be flawn from the mid-i die went to France, saving many tons i of shipping. These 10,000 airplanes, he de-' .•lared, could drop 38.000 tons of ex-1 plosives on and behind the German lines each rruht, or the equivalent of 38,000 shells from the "biggest guns yet constructed." General Carleton Grants Clemency to Two Soldiers Spartanburjj, S. C., June 29.—Clem ency was shown two private* st Camp Wadsworth convicted by general court-martial when Brig. Gen. Guy Carleton, conmmanding the corps and army troops, reviewed the cases. One sentence was reduced by half snd the other sentence entirely aside. Charged with being absent without leave from May 10 to May 23, Pr.vate Anthony Folevillano of*j»t»parry T., of the Second Pioneer infantry, has been sentenced to serve a year at hard labor by a general court-mar tial. Felevillano win have to serve but hulf thut time as General Carle ton, the reviewing offlccr in the case, reduced the sentence to nix months. Private Leo R. Pickles of company' B, Third Pioneer infantry, who was convicted by a general court-martial on a charge of assaulting Private Cal vin R. A. McKenzie, of the same or irnrtiation, and who was sentenced to serve three years* imprisonment at hard labor, han been restored to duty.' General Coleton m reviewing the case decided the evidence submitted wa;' not »u®cient to establish the guilt of Pickles, beyond a reasons Me doubt, and for that reason ordered him r stored to duty. A TAR HEEL LAD ENJOYS FIGHTING. I* a 3oldi*r of Fortun* u Well aa a SoldUr of Unci* Sam, And « SpUndid On* too. By H. K. Bryant In Otrlottt Obnar v«r. Washington. June 29.—Alexander Taylor, ion of Dr. and Mr*. I. M. Tay-1 lor, of Mnrgantnn la wmewhere In Kranra, hunting 'I'rmanr Ha la *ix feat, two inche*, in hia stocking*, »n<l freckled, fore and aft. Ha »tar»i ■ erect, like a p'na, and w*»r« a daterm- j lna«l look upon Kia fate. Behind Ilia! rugged featurae thai* |( a <-•«>! head, a warm heart and a keen sense of humor. Not long ago, t rama upon I.ieut enant Taylor. atanding on F utreet rubbering at th* girl* who promenade! on that faahioi.ahla throughfare, and I thought what a formidable opponent' he would ha, armed with a gun, bayonet and a butcher knife. He aaid j he wni on the way to the front, and hia aonrtant prayer waa that the I/ord should give iiim more power and an early opportunity to confrort a Hun.. I.ieutenant Taylor i« ■'well known! in North Carolina and Tenneaaee,1 where he went to vhool and worked. | He haa the reputation of being clever, daring and a hit reckles*. At col lege he ahunned hooka, and took to the outdoor*. For that reason he spent a while at Davidson and anoth er while at the uni\'er*ity. hut did not graduate. He took hia education where he found it, and he is well equipped. No 100ner had the United States entered the war than did Alexander Taylor enlist for the war. He quit the work of an array engineer. In a recent lettw; to his mother. Lieutenant Taylor sized up the situa tion in France as far as she is con-1 remed in the folowing sentence: "I like it very much nwer here, and you need not worry ahout me." Lieutenant Taylor is a soldier of fortune, with a love for his native; land. "The French people are ahout a* I expected to And them." wrote Lieu-1 tenant Taylor. "One sees only the' very old and the very young here; that, suppose is on account of the war. "Men here scramble for pennies, juat *a children do back home. While1 on the boat, before disembarking we amused ourselves throwing pennies to a scow full of them. All the chil dren beg for money and when they riee any one coming they hold out their hands. Nearly all the time children are running out to give us flowers. "Over near the port where we land ed the children wear wooden shoes— so do the frown people—and when they start down street they sound like runaway horses. "The American troops over here are in the finest sprite, and those who have been'to the front say that they like it a lot.. They like it so much that they have counted up how many hours it will be before they go back, just as we school boys used to count the beforejjjre .were to start home for Christmas. "There aren't* many of the hoy* who jfet hurt at tha front. 1 figure there isnl much more danger there than there is anywhere else. If one get* hurt it is an accident, just like being struck by lightning." Lieutenant Taylor had a jolly time on the way over; he had charge of »ome North Carolinia neyro draftees. "The trip orer," said he, "was very ^ pleasant. Two days of rough weather made quite a number sick. Durir.g the rest of the journey the ocean was nothing to do hut go to life-boat drill' and to stand watch once for four | hour*. The rest of the time I was either reading or sleeping. "It was mightly uncomfortable aboard for everybody. There were four (Ceeri In a»y state r»»as. which was about ouekalf the sin* of the^ ■•win* room at horn* It had to ho •hut «o aa to keep lifht f-om roHi| out. Rathinf* facilitisa wera poor; we had only alt water ah o wera. Tito nou waa rood. "The laat three daya we had to atajr fully ilraaaad at all timea, and to wear our Ufa praaarvara, wh»rh waa not vary comfortable. If the ahip had )>e«n run k tt would have boon my duty to go overboard on a raft with a hunch nf negrnee. "On tha taet nlfht out the «ubraa rine -Iran a'nrtad up about !! o'clock and we could tall the >hip w» mak ing emergencf «peed We got to our placea, ready Hi (jo over the «ide, and stayed there for houra. "Ut»r we !i>arn«l that una of the •hip* in our rnnvoy aighted a aub 25 feet off it* ile. The ileatroyer took care of it. while we Iwat it ahead. "I don't believe thnt the «nba have a chance in tha world of getting a tranaport except by Kacriftfing them • 've* and thoae Huna like to live Joet aa much ac anybody elaa. So I don't think tha United Htatea will lose many tranaporta. TVry do not take a chance. "There were quite a number of negroea on t*e ahip- aomc of them from Morvanton. Moat of thero were from the country, ami ignorant of tha waya of the outride world. I certain ly did feel "orry for them, because, you know, tome of them had never been away from home before, and lota of them were eaiick. A negro prea cher anim; tl.etn held prayer meet ing;- every i.ight. it w»u an old time prayer meeting, and it interested everybody on boanl. Tlie preacher »aid hia preaching saved the ahip." The next sentence shows tbe heart of Lieutenant Taylor. "Shmld you taaar any of thaDegrnaa speaking of their boy* who ware drafted and *ent to Camp Grant, you might *ay to them that they are all aafe in France now." he wrote. "They are non -combatants." In writing hi* mother Lieutenant Taylor gave a great wealth of detail about what he aaw in France after landing. He agreed with Lieutanant May Murphy that France ia a beauti- ^ ful country, with elegant people and pretty flower*. American Casualties Has , Thus Far Total 10,383. Washington, June 30— Ca.«ualties in the American expeditionary forces thus far reported total 10.3S3, sum maries issued today t>y the war de partment and marine corps how., Of this number 9,131 were in the army and 1,252 in the marine corps. Army casualties including those reported today, were summarized a* follows: Killed in action (including 291 lost at sea), 1,491. Died of wounds, 479. Died of diseases, 1,287. Died of accidents and other causes, 466. Wounded in action, 5,024. Missing in action (including prison ers). 385. The summary of casualties among the marines, which also included to day's list, follows: $ Deaths, 407. Wounded, 842. In hands of the enemy, 1. Missing, 2. Four hundred and ninety-eeran . atualtiee in the army were reported durinff the week, including I7f Wilted in art ion, 47 died of wound*. 19 (Had of diaeaaa, 19 died of acr'dent and other caumw, 21.1 wounded in action and 20 miaeing is action, mcludia* pH.wner*. The week before 54t ea» ualtiee were reported. The marine corps nummary did not .how how many rJ tae death* report

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