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10L. XL M0UJT1 AIRY, JYORTN CAROLINA,
THUR3DA T. JULY 11, 1918.
THE RE CAN BE NO COM
A«Mrtu T«IU the Poop lea
. of lit* World That Amcrica
Will Not SI»mUm the Sword
Until Thero b Settled One*
•nd For «ll for the World
What waa Settled for Ameri
ca in 1776.
Waahinrtxn July 4— From the »ha
<inw of WuKhinifton'a tomh, Prenident
Wilaon today offered America'* decla
ration of independence tn I ha people
»if the work., with a plnlirr that the
United State* ami ita allie* wilt not
■haathe the nword In tha war airninut
the rentral power* until than la set
tled "onre for all" f<jr the world, what
waa aettled tor America in I77A.
Foreign horn citizen* of the United
otatea of XI national itie* who had
placed wrenth* of palm.i on the tomh
in token of fealty to tha principle* laid
down by the father of thia country,
criad their approval of hi* worda in
many language* Bm| then ntood with
reverently hared head* while the voice
tit John McCormack soared over the
hallowed ip-ound in the note* of the
Star Spanned Banner."
"Washington and hi* ax*o«'!aies,
Ilka the barons of Rtinnymeile, spoke
and acted not for a class, but for a
people," the President said. "It has
been left us to see to it that it nhatt
be understood that they spoke and
acted, not for a single people only,
but for all mankind. We people only,
but for all mankind. We here in
America believe our participation in
this present war to be only the fruit
age of what they planted.
dettU'ment Must be Final.
"Thar* can be but on iaaue. The
aattiwaant must be final. There can
w« xsdt t» tM reign of "law.
baaed up-m the consent cf the govern
ed and sustained by the organized
opinion of mankind."
The speaker's crisp words as he em
phasized the least which America will
consider as a hails for peace were in
terrupted by a tumult of applause.
The demonstration swept beyond the
wall of khaki clad marines to the
thousands cf Americana scattered
over the hills and througgh the woods
surrounding Washington's home.
Elaborating the purposes for which
the "associated peoples of the world"
are fighting, the President reiterated
that peace can be made only when
the central powers agree to the de
struction of militarism, the consent of
the governed for all readjustments,
the sacrednes* of treaties and the or
ganization of a league of peace. He
further forestalled any offer* of peace
by compromise which the central pow
er* may make by announcing that the
purposes for which the United States
is sending millions of its men to the
trenches may not be fulfilled around
a council table.
Struggle Against Autocracy
"These grin l ends cannot be achiev
ed by debating." the President assert
ed, "and seeking to reconcile and ac
commodate what statesmen may wish,
with their projects for balance* of
power and of national opportunity.
They can be realized only by the de
termination of what the thinking peo
ples of the world desire, with their
longing hope for justice and for so
1 cial freedom and opportunity."
Throughout hi* address, the Presi
dent referred to "the ,>eoples" who are
fighting against autocracy, stressing
thereby the unity of purposes which
actuates the allied nations. On the
other hand, he differentiated between
the people of Germanymid their rulers
as he always has done, speaking of the
, isolated, friendless group of govern
ments wh".-e peoples are fuel in their
A single reference to Russia gav*
notice to the wurld that the United
States still accounts the people of
the youngest democracy as allies.
President Wilson enumerated the op
pnnants of fi• rmsny as puplw at
many rtni, "ths paopla of itnrksn
Russia still amair tha rant, thnurh
thay ara for tha mnmant unorganisad
and halplass." Kapsrial intaraat at
tarhad lo h.n words particularly to tils
statamant that Russia's distraaa la
only temporary, harausa of plans now
Iwinff formula tad for riving assis
tant* to tha country. Boris Bahk
| mstaff, who was sant hsrs as Rus
! «ian amhasKador during ths Karon
«ky rafims. was in ths audianra.
I'rarading tha Prasidant's addraas
I Kails Mtrayrhmans nf Chwacn, a na
, liv» Hainan and chairman of tha i m
mittas of foreign natlnnahtlas, mada
puhllr rmffMlmi nf ths dsvotion of
| ths forairn horn to the hums uf thair
I "With the spipK of Washington Iaid
ing, Amcrira entered the battle tin*
i unit wr entered with her," he declared.
I 'The casualty li«U of the morrow,
1 bringing sorrow to some homes and
rmolution to all. will he filled with
I strange named derived from foreign
| blood. We will never ceane to strag
gle until freedom is secured for oh and
for our American sons and daugh
During *he trip to and from Mount
Vernon on the Mayflower, President
Wilson had many intimate personal
talks with the representatives of
people who have left their native land
to And homes in America. Testing
out sentiment, seeking opinions, he
asked many questions, interjecting
now and then n sharp phrase or two,
then passing down the dark to another
group—Czechi-Slovaks, Chinese, Hun-1
garian, even German, for the natives
of countries whose governments are'
America's enemies, were among thei
visitors to the shrine of freedom they
have found in th« new world.
London, July 4.—King George saw ,
the AmAican army defeated in a
hard fought baseball game today. The
opponent of the army team was one
picked from the American navy which
won by a score of 2 to 1. Every one
of the nine inning« had it* thrills for,
the more than 18,000 spectators.
Few sporting events sine* the war
began have aroused so much interest
and discussion in London as today's1
game. Certainly not since the excit
ing days of the flrst weeks of the war I
has London seen such a wave of en-]
thusiasm a* today. Independence day1
was on everybody's lips; people talk
ed about it in the street cars, busses :
and subways. The newspapers were]
full of it. news from the fighting front i
taking second place. All talk was of [
the Americans and their baseball j
For several days the n<-»>paper»
had been explaining baseball, and the
people of London have been poring |
over the mysteries of the American!
Roller Mills Halted
By Food Administrator
North Wilkesboru, June 29.—As a
result from a report made by the
federal inspector representing the
southeastern division with headquar
ters at Ashcville, the North Wilkes
boro Roller mills at this place, and
Dougliten Milliner company, six miles
north of here, have been ordered
closed by the food administration un
til a test run is made and submitted
to the administration.
Mr. A. O. Bray, manager of the
mills here, says that he had only
*t>out one hour's tun when he re-'
reived the telegraphic notice from]
the government, and at the present
time he does not have enough wheat
<>n hand to make a test run. It ap
pears that the only reason for which j
tliexe mill* were ordered closed tem
porarily, was the fact that proper ex
tractions, probably, had not been
made at afiy rate It appears that there
has been no willful violation of the
government regulations controlling
SOLDIERS GOING ACROSS
KEEP CANTEEN BUSY.
American am British Trans
port* Lay Many Sweats.
London, June I,—"Next for candy,"
eria* the keepei of the ahip'a ranlaan.
In front of hi* booth to ■ long queue
nf Amtrlran aoMirrn, patiently a watt
ing their turn to buy the aweati and
wiuvenlra dtop'aye! on the rou liter
and in the nhowraaee. It )• an inci
dent of life of Amariran aoldtor* on
a tranaport hound for France.
The ranteen-Keeper ia tired. Never
in hia experience on a Britiah veaaei
haa he encountered aurh a ruah of
buaineaa. He haa an Id hi.: warea in
all the aeven *eaa to people of many
nationalitiea, and If he watt award
ins priiex to the beat ruatotner it
would ha beatnwed promptly on the
"I aay," he exclaimed to the chief
ateward after he had rloaad "hop the
flrat day out, "what a aweat tooth
they have! At the rata they're buy
ing me out, there wont be a bum
drop left hy the time we get halfway
On aome of the British transport.*
that am taking Uncle Sam'* troop* to
France there are an many an five can
The demand for chocolate* i« *o
great that the supply, large though it
may have bsen ,i* quickly exhaust*.].
American chewing ifiim i* next in
popularity. After the home variety
of confection* have been *oM out, the
soldiers begin to experiment with
British irweeU, of which toff* win*
perhaps the moat favor. If American
"pop" could be had, it would be con
sumed in large quantities. Failing
that the troops drink Spanish tpn
gw sis. *
One soldier is known to have spent
|15 for candy and ginger als. He pro
bably would have ipent more before
the *hip reached port, but one day,
greatly to his s*toni»hment, he be
The canteen curios, *uch aa shell*
on which are painted the American
flag, attract many buyer*, and before
the trip i* ended one or more of these
On the Briti*h transports the bar
ber shop i* advertised on the door
a* "Hairdresser." A* a rule thi* sign
is not understood by the Americsn
looking for a haircut or a shave. He
think* it i* a place for women to have
their hair draped, and he passes it by.
When he confesses to hi* comrades
that he can't And the barber shop, he
is made the victim of a good deal of
joshing from those who have fath
omed the secret.
The soldier who pnrrnriie"tTuTt'Tir
dresser find the experience rather
novel.- It seems queer to be shaved in
an immovable upright chair, and
queerer still, but extremely satisfac
tory, to be charged aiioul half the
price one pays in a first class Ameri
It is on the .-hip that many Amer
icans become acquainted for the first
time with English money. Aside
from a stray Canadian dime, they
usually have never seen British coins,
and when in exrhange for an Ameri
can bill they are given strange look
ing pieces of silver and big disks of
copper, they register, in the language
of the movies, wide-eyed interest.
"What are these stove lids for?"
asked an lowan of a Texan, puzzled
and showing come disdain for the bin
"You put 'em in a sock to bean a
Him with. I reckon," replied the sou
therner, hefting the coins. "Or may
be." he adds, "we can use 'em to throw
at a submarines."
A icrgcant steps up with infermn-'
tion "You use tnose things for tips,"
he volunteer*, ""they're worth two
rents n-piece. That's a good sized
tip in London."
"You fellow*," the sergeant goes
on, reaching for the Iowan'i coins,
better gwt wtaa to thla Engtiak dough.'
He hold* up ■ *Uver coin. "You know
what that la?"
A crowd ha a gathered to Soar ike
"That"* a *hilling," eayr. a voice.
"Stalling your grandmother,Jhat'a
a half crown. It equal to two ahil
linga and a sixpence. You want to
ho careful not to set it mixed up with
>ino of than* two-Jlilling piaraa that'*
nearly the iama »ixa."
"How much ta a (hilling?" qtierie/i
"About two hit*," aaya the *erge»nt
w!io haila 'from ralifornia. "It'« eqr.il
to two of theae aixpencoa."
Ha |l«<a the coin* hack to th?ir
owner and *talka off, followed by ad
'Say," obaerved the lowan, "we got
a lot to learn. And when wa set to
France, I gucax well run into anme
other kind of fooluh money."
"War certcinly ia hell," aay* the
Firm German U-Boat*
Arm Sent to Bottom.
An Atlantic Port, July 4.—Dest-ur-:
tion on KurojMM:n water* of five Gar-1
man submarine* hy Brit sh transport*
and by American and British destroy- J
ers convoying them .wan dencribed by
passengers who arrived her* to lay!
on an English liner. The transports
ono of which van carrying 7,000 Amer-J
ican soldiers to Europe, accounted for
three of the U-boat*, and the destroy
ers »nnk the other two, according to
the voyager*. Officer* of the liner
confirmed their »tories.
The passengers witnessed the tor
pedoing of the 5,4.1#ton British freigh
ter Orissa, which was pan of their con
voy, whan the fleet waa approximate
ly a ikf-Ml, steaming wast from th»
British Tales. The Oriwa, bourd in
ballast for the United States, was sent
to the bottom by an unseen submarine
A moment later however an American
destroyer in theprotecting fleet detect
ed the undersea boat below the sur
face and dropped a depth bomb, mak
ing a direct hit. according to the story
related here. The same evening a
U-boat was sighted by the passenger
vessel, whoaa gunners sank it by
The other three submarines were
destroyed, according to the returned
travelers, on the eastward trip of an
other convoy. They declared that a
large British transport, with 7,000
American troops aboard, rammed a
submersible which was revealed with
two others in the sudden lifting of a
heavy fog. Almost simultaneously
with the disappearance of the fire sub-1
marine beneath the transport'* bow,'
the ships gunners accounted for an
other of theCerman craft, while a Bri
tish destroyer disposed of the third.
Cowboys in the Service
Give Petersburg Thrill.
Petersburg, Va., July 4.—Cowboys,
now enlisted men in the service, mem-j
hers of the veterinarian school at
Camp Lee, participated in a typical
western rodea at the Petersburg fair
grounds this afternoon. The thrill
ing features were witnessed by 10,000
With the exception of one indivi
dual, all the men were f-»m states
west of the Mississippi. It was said
to he the first rodeo of consequence
ever held in an eastern state.
The work consisted of broncho bust
ing, bull dogging and fancy and trick
riding. Hull d«iAring consists of
jumping from a fast ridden horse to
the horns of a bull nn«i throwing the
hull to the ground. This w*» done re
peatedly. Jack Ray, champion trick
roper of the world, now an enlisted
man at the school, stood on his head
and lassoed fastlv galloping horses.
The proceeds ml tho exhibition were
divided equally between the Red
Cross and the mess Mil of the veter
WC SHALL PAY HEAVY
TOLL BEFORE WE WIN.
Dtelam S*cr«tmry DmmIi but
tlM Allied CaoM Will Ulti
Naw York, July 4— T>i* ideal* of
freedom and turtle*, enforced by thai
willingne** to wnfri of _'1 nation*,
»r« «tron(f«r than all the batUrrie* of
Krupp, all tha airrraft of Zeppelin, all
tha atrategy of Himl»nlnir|, and mora
invtnrthle than all tha under*** an
«a»»tn« of von Tlrpiti, Secretary Dan
lei* declared here tonight in an inde
pendence day addr*** at tha rtty rol
It *» tha naval narratary'a Mrnml
flpeerh of tha day In connection with
New York'* celebration of tha fourth
nf July. In tha morning at Tiimmany
hall ha tolii a great audien<-« that
American *hipbuild*r»< ara doing in
building marrhant rrsft and men of
war to meet German'* rhallenge.
"On thia annlvarmry" *ai<l Mr.
Daniel* tonight, "while owing moit
fur independanra to tha rnmmur ling
figure of George Waahington, we turn
to Jeffernon, **cond only to the illu*
trioa* *ucce»ful militaiy chieftain of
the revolution, for the inspiration
that nervad men then a* now to place'
love of free government above love
Jefferson, the secretary said, under
stood the necessity of national unity
during warn; believed that the energy^
and enterprise of the American peo
ple in the pursuits of peace would b«
equally eminent in those of war, and
that the natural right* of nation* are (
not staked on a single nettle. What
Jefferson believed in thoee day*, ,Mr.
Daniel* said, i» not leu a belief to
day and it ha* helped to carry thia
nttiflo and free counti lae everywhere
through the dark hour* of thia war.
"We *hall pay a heavy toll before
victory come*," continued Mr. Dan-j
iels,, "but ail is not staked on a
single battle and neither reverse* on |
land nor sinkings of merchant ves
sels, A species of piracy on a par
with that which Jefferson stamped out
when he was President, will avail be
cause the Americans and their brave
associates with immortal hate of de
spicable deeds' have the unconquer
able will and courage never to sub
mit or yiald."
Declaring that there was "no crime
of secret diplomacy, no betrayal of
the hospitality of other nations, no
sabotage, no plotting, no treason, no;
dishonoring of women, no murder of >
innocents," of which Prussianism has I
not been guilty in this war, the naval,
secretary said there remains now no
conclusion but that the German nation
has lost its soul.
Keason and justice, he said, are
mocked and there remains now no!
forum but the battlefield and no argu
ment but the argument of superior
"Our boys hasten to this arena with i
right and harked by the unlimited re
source of this great nation," Mr. Dan
iels said. "It may take weeks, it
may take months, it mny take years.
But America has never taken up arms
except for liberty and has never j
sheathed its sword except in victory,
and the boys will come back home— j
and most of them will come back—
conquerors in a war which will give'
the same independence to all nations
that the Fourth of July, 1776 insured j
Want* Husband Sent to War
Danville, V»„ June 29.—A woman
who re*idea in Media, Pa., and whose
htifthand it here, has aent to the local
exemption hoard an affidavit and an
appeal. She Rwcarn that her t*ttcr
half ha* contributed nothing to the
itupport of her child or hcmelf for the
pant year and -he a»ks that he be re
rlaaaiflad A-l and taken nut of the
fourth claw, believing that militaiy
experience would benefit him.
TODAY THAN LOST
DURING THfc WAR.
Stcnrtary Daniel* Emphasize*
Record «# U. 3. in Ship Ton
New York. July 4,- The Initad
.State* is launching today a rraeter
tonnage in alitpn than «he ha* lost
during thr whole war. Herretary Dan
iel* »*i<l toduy in an »(Mmi at the
fourth of July <-a4ebreMon of the
Tummany Soriety. Mnrm than Ml,
000 dead weight ton«, ha raid nra
(f'unif into tha water from American
shipyard* a> • part of tha Imledend
«nr« Hay celebrat'on while tha total
American tonnage ,|e*troyed by «ub
marlne* ia e*-. imatad at 3A2.223 tona
•Including <t7.*15 ton* tank hafora tha
!7nite<l State* entered tha war.
"Wt ara launchin" today," Mr. Du
lata continued, 'mora than tha Oar
man* *ank of the ahip* of al! nation*
in tha month* for which we have tha
official* fl|Tira«. The recant enemy
submarine activities off our coeat re
sulted in the loaa of 25,411 crou tuna
of American "hipping. During thta
»ame a ! 10,000 deaai ejight ton*
of shipping were built.
"Today one of the moiit impress! va
Fourth of July celebrationa will ha
the launching of fourteen new da
strnyers and wore* more will ha
launched and commisaioned the end
of the summer with an increasing
number thereafter until thene t<e*t
foe* of the submarine, in co-opera
tion with craft of the allied nations,
will free the world forever of tha as
sassins of the seas for German Lboata
are being sunk faster t!ian Germany
ran build them.
Mr. Daniels said that s gainst tha
total Imtrinn ship low wti la fee
placed tha construction of 1,722^0
ton* nine* the European war began.
l,7d£,(M-i of which had been built
since the United Statea entered the
war. There wu in addition ha ad
ded, 660,000 tons of German ship
ping taken over and now a single
day's contribution of 100,000 addi
tional tons launched. He noted tile
joy with which German and Austrian
papers hailed tha appearance of sub
marines off tha American coast.
"The submarine." he raid, "will be
a source of destruction as long as
one skulks in the ocean but as a pos
sible effective menace in determining
the rjsult of this war depth bombs,
destroyers, cruisers, other ship* and
science unite to insure its utter im
potence as a decisive factor."
Mr. Daniel* paid warm tribute to
the valor of the Americr n army a*
shown in the fighting in France. With
little training they had gone up
against "the be*t troops of the kais
er" he alii "and proven themselves
every bit the equal of Prussian vete
"We glory in the courage and abil
ity displayed by all our troops but
I may be pardoned as head of the
naval service for an especial pride in
the exp'oits of our mari.ies who at
Chatecu Thierry and other pointa
have upheld the b*st t-aditions of
Don't Fool With the
Wood row Wilton Buzz-taw
It U said that the French feel doubt
ful about the propriety of using fly
ing machines and dynamite with ut
most thoroness above German soil.
THe brutality of a warfare from
the sky, killing women and children
- the warfare that Germany has car
ried or for year*—is as repulsive to
the civilized French mind as it to
roncrenial to the Prussian.
tt is not pleasant to think of a
rain of dynamite from the sky. But
that is what Germany needs ami
what he is going to have there need
he no mistake about that. What are
jrou to do with rattlesnakes? KOI
them with their own poiaon. of cooree,
if you can.—Washington Times.