The Mount Airy news. (Mount Airy, N.C.) 1895-current, July 11, 1918, Image 1
mt ptoimt > 10L. XL M0UJT1 AIRY, JYORTN CAROLINA, THUR3DA T. JULY 11, 1918. MO. 62 THE RE CAN BE NO COM PROMISE SETTLEMENT A«Mrtu T«IU the Poop lea . of lit* World That Amcrica Will Not SI»mUm the Sword Until Thero b Settled One* •nd For «ll for the World What waa Settled for Ameri ca in 1776. Waahinrtxn July 4— From the »ha <inw of WuKhinifton'a tomh, Prenident Wilaon today offered America'* decla ration of independence tn I ha people »if the work., with a plnlirr that the United State* ami ita allie* wilt not ■haathe the nword In tha war airninut the rentral power* until than la set tled "onre for all" f<jr the world, what waa aettled tor America in I77A. Foreign horn citizen* of the United otatea of XI national itie* who had placed wrenth* of palm.i on the tomh in token of fealty to tha principle* laid down by the father of thia country, criad their approval of hi* worda in many language* Bm| then ntood with reverently hared head* while the voice tit John McCormack soared over the hallowed ip-ound in the note* of the Star Spanned Banner." "Washington and hi* ax*o«'!aies, Ilka the barons of Rtinnymeile, spoke and acted not for a class, but for a people," the President said. "It has been left us to see to it that it nhatt be understood that they spoke and acted, not for a single people only, but for all mankind. We people only, but for all mankind. We here in America believe our participation in this present war to be only the fruit age of what they planted. dettU'ment Must be Final. "Thar* can be but on iaaue. The aattiwaant must be final. There can w« xsdt t» tM reign of "law. baaed up-m the consent cf the govern ed and sustained by the organized opinion of mankind." The speaker's crisp words as he em phasized the least which America will consider as a hails for peace were in terrupted by a tumult of applause. The demonstration swept beyond the wall of khaki clad marines to the thousands cf Americana scattered over the hills and througgh the woods surrounding Washington's home. Elaborating the purposes for which the "associated peoples of the world" are fighting, the President reiterated that peace can be made only when the central powers agree to the de struction of militarism, the consent of the governed for all readjustments, the sacrednes* of treaties and the or ganization of a league of peace. He further forestalled any offer* of peace by compromise which the central pow er* may make by announcing that the purposes for which the United States is sending millions of its men to the trenches may not be fulfilled around a council table. Struggle Against Autocracy "These grin l ends cannot be achiev ed by debating." the President assert ed, "and seeking to reconcile and ac commodate what statesmen may wish, with their projects for balance* of power and of national opportunity. They can be realized only by the de termination of what the thinking peo ples of the world desire, with their longing hope for justice and for so 1 cial freedom and opportunity." Throughout hi* address, the Presi dent referred to "the ,>eoples" who are fighting against autocracy, stressing thereby the unity of purposes which actuates the allied nations. On the other hand, he differentiated between the people of Germanymid their rulers as he always has done, speaking of the , isolated, friendless group of govern ments wh".-e peoples are fuel in their hands. A single reference to Russia gav* notice to the wurld that the United States still accounts the people of the youngest democracy as allies. President Wilson enumerated the op pnnants of fi• rmsny as puplw at many rtni, "ths paopla of itnrksn Russia still amair tha rant, thnurh thay ara for tha mnmant unorganisad and halplass." Kapsrial intaraat at tarhad lo h.n words particularly to tils statamant that Russia's distraaa la only temporary, harausa of plans now Iwinff formula tad for riving assis tant* to tha country. Boris Bahk | mstaff, who was sant hsrs as Rus ! «ian amhasKador during ths Karon «ky rafims. was in ths audianra. I'rarading tha Prasidant's addraas I Kails Mtrayrhmans nf Chwacn, a na , liv» Hainan and chairman of tha i m mittas of foreign natlnnahtlas, mada puhllr rmffMlmi nf ths dsvotion of | ths forairn horn to the hums uf thair i adoption. I "With the spipK of Washington Iaid ing, Amcrira entered the battle tin* i unit wr entered with her," he declared. I 'The casualty li«U of the morrow, 1 bringing sorrow to some homes and rmolution to all. will he filled with I strange named derived from foreign | blood. We will never ceane to strag gle until freedom is secured for oh and for our American sons and daugh ters." During *he trip to and from Mount Vernon on the Mayflower, President Wilson had many intimate personal talks with the representatives of people who have left their native land to And homes in America. Testing out sentiment, seeking opinions, he asked many questions, interjecting now and then n sharp phrase or two, then passing down the dark to another group—Czechi-Slovaks, Chinese, Hun-1 garian, even German, for the natives of countries whose governments are' America's enemies, were among thei visitors to the shrine of freedom they have found in th« new world. London, July 4.—King George saw , the AmAican army defeated in a hard fought baseball game today. The opponent of the army team was one picked from the American navy which won by a score of 2 to 1. Every one of the nine inning« had it* thrills for, the more than 18,000 spectators. Few sporting events sine* the war began have aroused so much interest and discussion in London as today's1 game. Certainly not since the excit ing days of the flrst weeks of the war I has London seen such a wave of en-] thusiasm a* today. Independence day1 was on everybody's lips; people talk ed about it in the street cars, busses : and subways. The newspapers were] full of it. news from the fighting front i taking second place. All talk was of [ the Americans and their baseball j game. For several days the n<-»>paper» had been explaining baseball, and the people of London have been poring | over the mysteries of the American! national game. Roller Mills Halted By Food Administrator North Wilkesboru, June 29.—As a result from a report made by the federal inspector representing the southeastern division with headquar ters at Ashcville, the North Wilkes boro Roller mills at this place, and Dougliten Milliner company, six miles north of here, have been ordered closed by the food administration un til a test run is made and submitted to the administration. Mr. A. O. Bray, manager of the mills here, says that he had only *t>out one hour's tun when he re-' reived the telegraphic notice from] the government, and at the present time he does not have enough wheat <>n hand to make a test run. It ap pears that the only reason for which j tliexe mill* were ordered closed tem porarily, was the fact that proper ex tractions, probably, had not been made at afiy rate It appears that there has been no willful violation of the government regulations controlling I same. SOLDIERS GOING ACROSS KEEP CANTEEN BUSY. American am British Trans port* Lay Many Sweats. London, June I,—"Next for candy," eria* the keepei of the ahip'a ranlaan. In front of hi* booth to ■ long queue nf Amtrlran aoMirrn, patiently a watt ing their turn to buy the aweati and wiuvenlra dtop'aye! on the rou liter and in the nhowraaee. It )• an inci dent of life of Amariran aoldtor* on a tranaport hound for France. The ranteen-Keeper ia tired. Never in hia experience on a Britiah veaaei haa he encountered aurh a ruah of buaineaa. He haa an Id hi.: warea in all the aeven *eaa to people of many nationalitiea, and If he watt award ins priiex to the beat ruatotner it would ha beatnwed promptly on the American aoldier. "I aay," he exclaimed to the chief ateward after he had rloaad "hop the flrat day out, "what a aweat tooth they have! At the rata they're buy ing me out, there wont be a bum drop left hy the time we get halfway acroea." On aome of the British transport.* that am taking Uncle Sam'* troop* to France there are an many an five can teen*. The demand for chocolate* i« *o great that the supply, large though it may have bsen ,i* quickly exhaust*.]. American chewing ifiim i* next in popularity. After the home variety of confection* have been *oM out, the soldiers begin to experiment with British irweeU, of which toff* win* perhaps the moat favor. If American "pop" could be had, it would be con sumed in large quantities. Failing that the troops drink Spanish tpn gw sis. * One soldier is known to have spent |15 for candy and ginger als. He pro bably would have ipent more before the *hip reached port, but one day, greatly to his s*toni»hment, he be came ssaaick. The canteen curios, *uch aa shell* on which are painted the American flag, attract many buyer*, and before the trip i* ended one or more of these treasure*. On the Briti*h transports the bar ber shop i* advertised on the door a* "Hairdresser." A* a rule thi* sign is not understood by the Americsn looking for a haircut or a shave. He think* it i* a place for women to have their hair draped, and he passes it by. When he confesses to hi* comrades that he can't And the barber shop, he is made the victim of a good deal of joshing from those who have fath omed the secret. The soldier who pnrrnriie"tTuTt'Tir dresser find the experience rather novel.- It seems queer to be shaved in an immovable upright chair, and queerer still, but extremely satisfac tory, to be charged aiioul half the price one pays in a first class Ameri can .shop. It is on the .-hip that many Amer icans become acquainted for the first time with English money. Aside from a stray Canadian dime, they usually have never seen British coins, and when in exrhange for an Ameri can bill they are given strange look ing pieces of silver and big disks of copper, they register, in the language of the movies, wide-eyed interest. "What are these stove lids for?" asked an lowan of a Texan, puzzled and showing come disdain for the bin English pennies. "You put 'em in a sock to bean a Him with. I reckon," replied the sou therner, hefting the coins. "Or may be." he adds, "we can use 'em to throw at a submarines." A icrgcant steps up with infermn-' tion "You use tnose things for tips," he volunteer*, ""they're worth two rents n-piece. That's a good sized tip in London." "You fellow*," the sergeant goes on, reaching for the Iowan'i coins, better gwt wtaa to thla Engtiak dough.' He hold* up ■ *Uver coin. "You know what that la?" A crowd ha a gathered to Soar ike lecture. •• "That"* a *hilling," eayr. a voice. "Stalling your grandmother,Jhat'a a half crown. It equal to two ahil linga and a sixpence. You want to ho careful not to set it mixed up with >ino of than* two-Jlilling piaraa that'* nearly the iama »ixa." "How much ta a (hilling?" qtierie/i the Texan. "About two hit*," aaya the *erge»nt w!io haila 'from ralifornia. "It'« eqr.il to two of theae aixpencoa." Ha |l«<a the coin* hack to th?ir owner and *talka off, followed by ad miring eye*. 'Say," obaerved the lowan, "we got a lot to learn. And when wa set to France, I gucax well run into anme other kind of fooluh money." "War certcinly ia hell," aay* the Texan, Firm German U-Boat* Arm Sent to Bottom. An Atlantic Port, July 4.—Dest-ur-: tion on KurojMM:n water* of five Gar-1 man submarine* hy Brit sh transport* and by American and British destroy- J ers convoying them .wan dencribed by passengers who arrived her* to lay! on an English liner. The transports ono of which van carrying 7,000 Amer-J ican soldiers to Europe, accounted for three of the U-boat*, and the destroy ers »nnk the other two, according to the voyager*. Officer* of the liner confirmed their »tories. The passengers witnessed the tor pedoing of the 5,4.1#ton British freigh ter Orissa, which was pan of their con voy, whan the fleet waa approximate ly a ikf-Ml, steaming wast from th» British Tales. The Oriwa, bourd in ballast for the United States, was sent to the bottom by an unseen submarine A moment later however an American destroyer in theprotecting fleet detect ed the undersea boat below the sur face and dropped a depth bomb, mak ing a direct hit. according to the story related here. The same evening a U-boat was sighted by the passenger vessel, whoaa gunners sank it by shellfire. The other three submarines were destroyed, according to the returned travelers, on the eastward trip of an other convoy. They declared that a large British transport, with 7,000 American troops aboard, rammed a submersible which was revealed with two others in the sudden lifting of a heavy fog. Almost simultaneously with the disappearance of the fire sub-1 marine beneath the transport'* bow,' the ships gunners accounted for an other of theCerman craft, while a Bri tish destroyer disposed of the third. Cowboys in the Service Give Petersburg Thrill. Petersburg, Va., July 4.—Cowboys, now enlisted men in the service, mem-j hers of the veterinarian school at Camp Lee, participated in a typical western rodea at the Petersburg fair grounds this afternoon. The thrill ing features were witnessed by 10,000 people. With the exception of one indivi dual, all the men were f-»m states west of the Mississippi. It was said to he the first rodeo of consequence ever held in an eastern state. The work consisted of broncho bust ing, bull dogging and fancy and trick riding. Hull d«iAring consists of jumping from a fast ridden horse to the horns of a bull nn«i throwing the hull to the ground. This w*» done re peatedly. Jack Ray, champion trick roper of the world, now an enlisted man at the school, stood on his head and lassoed fastlv galloping horses. The proceeds ml tho exhibition were divided equally between the Red Cross and the mess Mil of the veter inarian school. WC SHALL PAY HEAVY TOLL BEFORE WE WIN. Dtelam S*cr«tmry DmmIi but tlM Allied CaoM Will Ulti nulcly Triumph. Naw York, July 4— T>i* ideal* of freedom and turtle*, enforced by thai willingne** to wnfri of _'1 nation*, »r« «tron(f«r than all the batUrrie* of Krupp, all tha airrraft of Zeppelin, all tha atrategy of Himl»nlnir|, and mora invtnrthle than all tha under*** an «a»»tn« of von Tlrpiti, Secretary Dan lei* declared here tonight in an inde pendence day addr*** at tha rtty rol lege utadium. It *» tha naval narratary'a Mrnml flpeerh of tha day In connection with New York'* celebration of tha fourth nf July. In tha morning at Tiimmany hall ha tolii a great audien<-« that American *hipbuild*r»< ara doing in building marrhant rrsft and men of war to meet German'* rhallenge. "On thia annlvarmry" *ai<l Mr. Daniel* tonight, "while owing moit fur independanra to tha rnmmur ling figure of George Waahington, we turn to Jeffernon, **cond only to the illu* trioa* *ucce»ful militaiy chieftain of the revolution, for the inspiration that nervad men then a* now to place' love of free government above love of life." Jefferson, the secretary said, under stood the necessity of national unity during warn; believed that the energy^ and enterprise of the American peo ple in the pursuits of peace would b« equally eminent in those of war, and that the natural right* of nation* are ( not staked on a single nettle. What Jefferson believed in thoee day*, ,Mr. Daniel* said, i» not leu a belief to day and it ha* helped to carry thia nttiflo and free counti lae everywhere through the dark hour* of thia war. "We *hall pay a heavy toll before victory come*," continued Mr. Dan-j iels,, "but ail is not staked on a single battle and neither reverse* on | land nor sinkings of merchant ves sels, A species of piracy on a par with that which Jefferson stamped out when he was President, will avail be cause the Americans and their brave associates with immortal hate of de spicable deeds' have the unconquer able will and courage never to sub mit or yiald." Declaring that there was "no crime of secret diplomacy, no betrayal of the hospitality of other nations, no sabotage, no plotting, no treason, no; dishonoring of women, no murder of > innocents," of which Prussianism has I not been guilty in this war, the naval, secretary said there remains now no conclusion but that the German nation has lost its soul. Keason and justice, he said, are mocked and there remains now no! forum but the battlefield and no argu ment but the argument of superior force. "Our boys hasten to this arena with i right and harked by the unlimited re source of this great nation," Mr. Dan iels said. "It may take weeks, it may take months, it mny take years. But America has never taken up arms except for liberty and has never j sheathed its sword except in victory, and the boys will come back home— j and most of them will come back— conquerors in a war which will give' the same independence to all nations that the Fourth of July, 1776 insured j for America." Want* Husband Sent to War Danville, V»„ June 29.—A woman who re*idea in Media, Pa., and whose htifthand it here, has aent to the local exemption hoard an affidavit and an appeal. She Rwcarn that her t*ttcr half ha* contributed nothing to the itupport of her child or hcmelf for the pant year and -he a»ks that he be re rlaaaiflad A-l and taken nut of the fourth claw, believing that militaiy experience would benefit him. LAUNCHING MORE TODAY THAN LOST DURING THfc WAR. Stcnrtary Daniel* Emphasize* Record «# U. 3. in Ship Ton nage. New York. July 4,- The Initad .State* is launching today a rraeter tonnage in alitpn than «he ha* lost during thr whole war. Herretary Dan iel* »*i<l toduy in an »(Mmi at the fourth of July <-a4ebreMon of the Tummany Soriety. Mnrm than Ml, 000 dead weight ton«, ha raid nra (f'unif into tha water from American shipyard* a> • part of tha Imledend «nr« Hay celebrat'on while tha total American tonnage ,|e*troyed by «ub marlne* ia e*-. imatad at 3A2.223 tona •Including <t7.*15 ton* tank hafora tha !7nite<l State* entered tha war. "Wt ara launchin" today," Mr. Du lata continued, 'mora than tha Oar man* *ank of the ahip* of al! nation* in tha month* for which we have tha official* fl|Tira«. The recant enemy submarine activities off our coeat re sulted in the loaa of 25,411 crou tuna of American "hipping. During thta »ame a ! 10,000 deaai ejight ton* of shipping were built. "Today one of the moiit impress! va Fourth of July celebrationa will ha the launching of fourteen new da strnyers and wore* more will ha launched and commisaioned the end of the summer with an increasing number thereafter until thene t<e*t foe* of the submarine, in co-opera tion with craft of the allied nations, will free the world forever of tha as sassins of the seas for German Lboata are being sunk faster t!ian Germany ran build them. Mr. Daniels said that s gainst tha total Imtrinn ship low wti la fee placed tha construction of 1,722^0 ton* nine* the European war began. l,7d£,(M-i of which had been built since the United Statea entered the war. There wu in addition ha ad ded, 660,000 tons of German ship ping taken over and now a single day's contribution of 100,000 addi tional tons launched. He noted tile joy with which German and Austrian papers hailed tha appearance of sub marines off tha American coast. "The submarine." he raid, "will be a source of destruction as long as one skulks in the ocean but as a pos sible effective menace in determining the rjsult of this war depth bombs, destroyers, cruisers, other ship* and science unite to insure its utter im potence as a decisive factor." Mr. Daniel* paid warm tribute to the valor of the Americr n army a* shown in the fighting in France. With little training they had gone up against "the be*t troops of the kais er" he alii "and proven themselves every bit the equal of Prussian vete rans." "We glory in the courage and abil ity displayed by all our troops but I may be pardoned as head of the naval service for an especial pride in the exp'oits of our mari.ies who at Chatecu Thierry and other pointa have upheld the b*st t-aditions of the corps." Don't Fool With the Wood row Wilton Buzz-taw It U said that the French feel doubt ful about the propriety of using fly ing machines and dynamite with ut most thoroness above German soil. THe brutality of a warfare from the sky, killing women and children - the warfare that Germany has car ried or for year*—is as repulsive to the civilized French mind as it to roncrenial to the Prussian. tt is not pleasant to think of a rain of dynamite from the sky. But that is what Germany needs ami what he is going to have there need he no mistake about that. What are jrou to do with rattlesnakes? KOI them with their own poiaon. of cooree, if you can.—Washington Times.