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THE WAR ENDS BY
Terms Most Drastic in all History
Washington, Nov. II.—Mir" in* of
tfca amtrtxa with (irmany w»» pro
clnimad today by Prwldtnt Wilnna.
who alao announcad (U t4rmi at a
joint aaaainn of Congvaaa.
Tit* Ma har*J<l tho mdini of tha
war bu-auaa Uwsy take from (••rmany
the powar to ranaw it.
Juat hafnr* ha want to tha raplt»!
the Praaidant, in a prorlr.malion ad
drr'«nl to hia fallow countryman,
The armirUce was ngnnl tni»
morning. Everythirf for which Amcr-,
lea fought ban hern accomplished. It
will now h« our fortunate duty tA *«
■lit. hy example, by sober, fuendly
•nunrcl and by material aid, in the es
tablishment of just democracy
throughout the world."
SUnpped of itr. malirous power the
military autocracy, it" master* driver
to exile atand.- before the world'*
court of juatiee. having subscribed to
term* of aurr*nder which probably
will be recorded in hirtory a* the
mo t dra lie and c<.:n(.!cU-' ever mut
ured out to a defeated foe.
Rendu g of tho full text of the
term* diaclose* measure:: the United
Stale* and tho r.llied government*
have taken to guarantoe that Ger
many'* acceptance *hall not be a scrap
of papor, and to inaare the destine
tion of the military carte.
When Prerident Wilnon concluded
hi* exchange of not:* v-lth Prince
Max. tiien rhaiicellor, adminiatrrtion
offici i declared that if hiit course
did not bring what they aoped would
be more than an unconditional *ur
render, it mijrlit brinf about a revolu
tion in Cermr.iy.
Yoke of Militarism Lifted.
Pointing toCay to the Hohe.ixollern
dynnrty, dethroned and exited, the!
people's imltthm iiiwyim Ger
many and the terms of the armistice
' thane offlriali felt their prediction*
Hr.ring lifted the yoke of militar
ism from the people* of the central
empires, the allien now turn to tack*
of humanity and mercy to bind up
their wounds and feed the hungry,
mean-while seeking to guide them to;
a place in the family of nations from
which they can take a part in assur-'
ing that another such 1,500 (Jays of
blood ar.d horror need never come
Evacuation, reparation and rentitu
tion are the keynotes of the armis
tice. Here are the principle things
Germany must do, or powerless be
fore the victorious allied armies will,
have them done for her:
Immediate evacuation of Alsace
Lorraine, Belgium, Luxemburg, Rus
sia and Rumania, without further
destruction or harm to inhabitants.
Then occupation by American and
allied troops of all the countries on
the west (tank of the Rhine.
Creation of a neutral zone in a strip
of territory on the east bank of the
Meanwhile, an a guaranty of good
faith, the occupation by American
and allied troops of Mayence, Coblenz
and Cologne, the principal crossings
of the Rhine. .
IM Eastern f ront.
On the Eastern front all German
troopa are to be withdrawn from ter
ritory which before the war belonged
to Russia, Rumnnia or Turkey. Then
the German war machine must dis
American and allied prisoners are
to at once be repatriatcdwithout re
ciprocal action by the associated gov
ernments and civiliana dragged off
nit* slavery from the invaded terri
t lories are to be returned.
The provision for compensating the
occupied territories for the havoc
wrought by the invaders is contained
in a sentence—'reparation for damage
As a step to restoring the map lines
the treaties of Brest-Litovak, which
laid Russia prone, and of Bucharest,
which plundered Rumania, must be
abandoned. Monday, securities pre
cious metals and other valuables loot
«d from the invuded countries must
be (eturned in trust to the allies until
the conclusion of peace.
In the west, the railways of Alsace
Lorraine, the valuable stores of iron
and coal, all the stores and supplies in
Belgium with arms and armaments
must be handed over.
In the' east, the Black Sea ports
k ■ ' "t' . '
mutt ba avaruatad the warnhipa taken
by (larmany from tit* RumIm* moat
ha mrrarularad in Lha Baltu, forU and
cltfmwa htrrifif tiia way at tha <at»
gul must ba dalhrarad and thare muat
ha free arraaa to tha aea for tha al
Iron King ia Tl|ktow4.
The nilied blockade is to remain un
changed. Mennwliile German mer
chant *hip* are to be delivered for
mtaeinn* of merry in carrying food to
the starving; fiermany Is to notify
the neutral* they are free to trade
with the amioriated government*
In a word the iron rfhg is tighten
ing and nt her borders the civilized
world waita while Germmy reform*
her pelf from within.
The duration of the armiatice ia 31
<lay* and variou* period: are speci
fied within those 30 day* for'compl
iance with certain apcriAc term*!.
One provit'on of the .-.rmistice wa»
inserted after the German revolution -
arie* took poccr.sion of the German
fleet. It providex that if the fleet is
not delivered a* specified i.i the agree
ment tiie associated governments
may occupy Helgoland fort*«M aa an
advanced bane to secure poaiesr.ion of
And tow. having clipped the mili
tary Autocracy of it* fa ir*. tho asso
ciate<l ■rovernmcnts will wait for tiie
next dcay.i, while the term* of the
armistice are being carried out to
see what *ort if a gover ment in Ger
many they will have to deal with.
In hi* addre*M to Congress today,
the President *ounded a note of warn
ing^that unleae tbe German people
are* fad, unless their diatresa ia re
lieved, her* ia dafiger of Bolshevism.
11m qpaitiosi of »li»l aeit ef gimi»
ment might arise to make peace, he
declared, wa* a matter for no small
anxiety and miagiving.
President Before Congreaa;
Term* of l.rrmin Surrender.
The President spoke ax follow*:
"Genlcman of the Congress:
In thea« anxious time* of rapid and
stupendous cha.iires it will in some de
gree lighten my dense of responsi
hility to perform in person the duty
of communicating to you some of the
larger circumstance* of the situation
with whirh it i» necessary to deal.
"The German authorities who have
at the invitation of the supreme war
council, been in communication with
Marshal Foch, have accepted and
signed the terms of armistice whirh
he was authorised and instructed to
communicate to them. Those term*
are as follows:
"One. Military clause* on western
1. Cessation of operations by land
and in the air six hours after the sig
nature of the armistice.
"Two. Immediate evaluation of in
vaded countries, Belgium France. AI-'
sace-I-orraine, Luxemburg, so ordereil'
as to be completed within 14 days
from the signature of the armistice, j
German troops which have not left i
the above mentioned territories with
in the period fixed will become pris-'
oners of war. Occupation by the allies:
and UYiited States forces jointly will j
keep pace with evecuation and occu-'
pation will be regulated in accordance
with a note annexed to the stated
"Three. Repatriation, begining at
once and to be completed within 14
days, of all inhabitants of the coun
tries above mentioned, including hos
tages and persons under trial or con
r our. ourrenaer in pooq condition
by the German armies of the follow
ing equipment: Five thou-and runt
2,600 heavy, 2,600 field); 80,000 ma
chine guns. Three thousand minen
werfer, Two thousand aeroplane* (ft
ghters, bomber*—firntljr D-7S'« and
night bombing machines). The above
to be delivered in Sita to the allied
and the United States troops in accor
dance with the detailed conditions laid
down in the annexed note.
"Five. Evacuation by the German
armies of the countries on the left
bank of the Rhine.1 T>iese countries
on the I*ft hank of the Rhine shall be
adm! littered by the local authorities
under the control of the allied and
United States armies of occupation.
The occupation of these territories
will be determined by allied and Unit
*4 Sum* iwrhm holdtac tk) prin
cipal of tha Rfctna, Mijimi.
Ctbf M, tofathar with bfidgihud *,
■t thaea potato la M UtMMr rtAw
oa tha ri«ht bank and by farriaana
■uailnHr hatdtof tha Mrtltfit potato
ot tha raflona. A nantral iona ahall
ba raaarrad on tha right bank at Ika
Rhlna liatwaan tha atraam and a Una
drawn pamHal to it 40 kttamctara to
tha aaat from tha frnatlar of Holland
to tha parailal of Garnahataa and aa
far aa prmrtlmMa a diitanrc of M
kilomntora from tha aaat of tha
atraam from thia parallel upon tha
Hwlaa frontier. Evaroation hy tha an
aaiy on tha Rh'n* land* ahall ha ao
ordarad aa to ha cnmplatad within far
thai- p rior) of II day> in all 19 dajra
aftor t'ta »t*n*ture of tha armiatfca.
All movamant.: of arattmtion and oe-,
mpaUon will ha ragutatrd acro-din*
to tha iota nnnexad.
Moat Pay Coat of Ocrupatioa.
"Hi*. In all territory overuation by
tha cr my Ilk rr shall fe no evacua
tion of inhab'Vrvtii; no damage rr
harm I* done to tha p< ons or pro
perty of the inhabitant*: destruction
of any kind to ba commi t*!. MiUta. y
e*tab!'.*hmenta of all k rd* shall ba
delivered intact a* wol* an military
■tot-*- >-f food, munitions. «pi pme.it
not removed during tha period* fixed
for ev <• ml ion. Store-, of food of nil
kind* for the civil population, cat.e,
etc., shall be l«ft in citu. In.!u. 'rial
establishments shall not he impaired
in any way and Ueir per*oa.:>el shall
not be moved. Road* r.nd mean* of
romir.un'cation of every kind, rai'ro*d
waterway*, ma-n ro-».'U, hridrrt*, tele
graph. telephone* •hall be in no man
"Seven. All civil and military per
sonnel at prefer.t employed on them
■hall r-main. Five thoc.-wd loeomo
tive*, SO,000 w««on« and 10,000 Mo
tor lorries in good working order wHh
all nernsary ipot prrta and fittings
•hall be delivered to the aafcuciated
power* within the period fixed for the
evacuation of Belgium *r»d Luxemburg
The ml ways of AI*are-I.or-aine shaft
!>• handed over within the nam* per
iod, together with all pre-war persoo
nal and material. Farther material t
way* in the country on the left hank!
of the Rhine ihall be left in : itu. All |
■tore* of coal and material for the np
eep of permanent way*. Signal* and
repair *hop«, left entire in *ita and
kept in an efficient state by Germany
(luring the whole period of anaiatiee.
All bargee taken from the allies
ihall be restored to them. A note
appended regulates the detail* of,
these measures. I
r-igni. in* iirrmmn command snail
be responsible for revealing all mine*,
or delay acting fuse* disposed on ter
ritory by the German troop* and
Khali assist in their dlarorery and ilea- ■
traction. The German command shall |
also reveal destructive measure* they,
may have taken (such aa poisoning
or poluting of springi, well*, etc.)
under penalty of reprisals.
"Nine The right of requisition shall
he exerrised by the allied and the
United States armies in occupied ter-i
itory. The upkeep of the troop* of
occupation in the Rhineland (exclude
ing Al'ice-I.orrnine) shall be charg
ed to the German government.
"10. An immediate repatriation,
without reciprocity, according to de
tailed condition?, which shall 4* fixed
of all allied and'United States prison
ers of war. The allied powers and the
United States shall he able to dispose
of these prisoners as they wisfi.
"11. Sick and wounded who cannot j
be removed from evacuated territory
will he cared for by German person-j
nel, who will be left on the spot with'
the medical material required.
"II. Disposition relatives to the
•astern frontiers of Germany.
12. All German troops at present
in any territory which before the war
belonged to Russia, Rumania or Tur
key shall withdraw within the fron-1
tiers of Germr.ny as they existed on,
August 1, 1914.
KtuuiUm Begin! >t Dim.
"IS. Evacuation by German troops
to begin at one* and all German in
structor* prisoners and civilian as well
as military agents .tow on the ter
ritory of Russia (as defined before
1914) to be recalled.
"14 German troops to cease at once
all requisition.1: and seizures and any
other undertaking with a view to ob
taining supplies intended for Ger
many in Rumania and Russia (as de
fined on August 1, 1914.
"16. Abandonment of the treaties
of Bucharest and Brest-Litovsk and
of supplementary treatise.
"16. The allies shall have fr«e ac
cess to the territories evacuated by the
Germans on their eastern frontier
either through Dantsig or by the Vis
kit la order to eeavoy wwHn to the
population at tfcoea UmtorM er far
any rthmr puryoM.
-IT. Unconftitianal , mpitulation of
"M Repatriation without recipro
city «MNr i aMaa period of ana
month. m a«» otitaare with detailed
condition* haraaftor to ha find of ad
Civilian* interned ar dsportad who
way ha rMtaana of other >11 lad aaao
rlated Mate* than thaae mentioned In
rtaune III, paragraph If, with tha ra
■arnttai that any futura claim* and
demand* of tha alliea and tha Unifd
•State* of America remain unaffected.
"19. The following financial condi
tion* are required: Reparation for
■lam*~r dona. While -uch armmtire
Itata no public eecuritie* ahall he re-I
mowed by tha enemy wh.rh ran *erve
aa a pied re to the all let for the re-1
cavery or reparation for war loeae*.
Immediate restitution of the ca*h do
pant in the National Bank of Belgium
and in reneral immediate retom of
all Hocumeata together with plant fori
the i*aue thereof, touching public or
private interest* in the invaded coun
tries. Reatitut on of tha Ruaaian and;
Rumanian raid yielded to Germany or i
taken by that power, thii gaid to ha I
delivered in trurt to tha alllaa until1
the «ir nture of peace.
"V. Naval condition*:
"20 Immediate ceanation of all boa
tilttlaa at aea and definite information
to he riven aa to the location and
mover.ient* of all German ihipi. Not
ification to he riven to the naval and
mercantile mariner, of the allied and
atone la tod power*, all question* of
neutrality being waived. i
ZI All naval and mercantile marina
prisoner* of war of tha allied and as
sociated powam In Carman hand* to
be fatu-nad without reciprocity.
"82 3uj i*i»d*« to tha alliaa and tha
United States of America of 1A0 sub-t
marine (including all *ubmarine cru
iser* and mine laying nubmarine*)
with their complete armament, and
equ pment in porta which will be ape-|
rifled by the alliaa and tha United,
mar**sa to be paid off ard completely!
rli*arm"<! and placed under the tuper
rision of tha allied powera and the:
United Statea o>f America.
"2.1, The following German surface
wamhips which shall be designated by
the allies and the United Statea of;
America shall forthwith be disarmed |
and thereafter interned in neutral:
porta, or, for the want of them, in al-;
lied ports, to be designated by the a!-,
lie* ami the United State* of Ameri
ca. and placed under the surveillance ]
of the allies and the United Statea of
America, only caretakers being left
on board, namely: Six battle crniaeri,
10 battle^hipa, eight light cruiser*, in
cluding two mine layers SO destroyer*
of the moat modem type. All other
surface warshipe (including river i
craft) ;>r* to be concentrated In Ger
man naval bases to be dccig.iated by
the all'cs and the United State* of,
America and are to be paid off and
completely d.xarmed and placed un
der the supervision of the allies and
the United State* of America. All
vassal* of the auxiliary fleet (traw
lers, motor vehicles, etc.,) arc to be
"24. The allies and the United
States of America sliall have the
right to sweep up all mine fields and,
obs'TOC* ions laid by Germany outside
German territorial waters, and the
positiohs of these are to be indicated.
Eiiitisi Blockade to Kfmain.
"25. F rwdom of Kcm> to and frum
thr Baltic to be riven to the naval and i
mercantile marines of the allied and i
associated powers. To secure thia
the allies and the United States of
America shall be empowered to occu
py all German forts, fortifications,
batteries and defense works of all
kinds in all the entrances from the
Catcat into the Baltic, and sweep
up all the mines rnd obstructions wipil
in and without Gennrn territorial
waters without any question of neu
trality being ralr*d, and the positions
of all such mines and obetructlons are
to be indicated.
"26. The existing blockade condi
tions set up by the allies and a.-soclat-,
ed powers are to remain unchanged
and all German merchant ships found'
at aea are to remain liable to capture.'
T7. All naval aircraft are to be1
roncont-ated and immediately mobo-'
liied in Germen bases to be -pecifled!
by the allies and the United States of
"28 In evacuating the Belgian coast
and porta, Germany shall abandon all
merrl ant ships, tugs lighters cranes
and all other harbor material all ma
terials for inland navigation, all air
craft and all if lirt»li and atoraa, all
anna ami «raiaa»anta aad all Mm
axui tpptnUm of ill kinds.
"2» All Nark in porta to ba m»
aiad by Caiiaaay; all Kaaaian war
vjaaola of all de-.xriptinna aaiiail by
Gamany 'a the Black aaa ara to ba
handed arar to tha alltaa and tha
United Statee of America; all neutral
merchant vearcla aaiaad ara to be re
laaaei; all warlike and other me
tarule of (ill ktnda aoiiad in thoaa
port* a-a to bo return ad and Genaaa
mnU-ialu aa perilled ia rlauaa 3>, ara
to be abAndontd.
"no. All aMrrhant vea«el« ia Ger
man rnada blonffing to tba all lad and
aaccriated powe ara to ha reetored
ia p irtx to ha apaeifled by tha allloa
and tha United Stataa of Amarii with
"31. No daatnu-tion of ahipe or at
m-ti-rinla ta he parm.ttad bafora eva
cuation. nurrender or reatoraiiaM.
"S8. Tha f!nnnan tr»vc<-nment Anil
formally notify tha neutral r<mi ii
meiit~ of tha world and particularly
the government of Norway, Swede i,
Denmark and Holland. tl.at all rea
tyrtiona placcd on tha trad'n* of
their veaeel* with tha ftiliad vid ar
xoriated rourtrea, whether by the
Gji inan pmnimtnt or by privata
German intaraata and whether tn re
turn for specific eonraaaiona each an
the rxport of nbipbuildinr material*
or not, are immediately cancelled, j
TV War at >■ Fnd.
"38. No transfer* of Carman mer
chant (hipping of any description to
any neutral flag are to take place af
ter signature of the armiatice.
"VI. Duration of armistice.
"M. The duration of the armistice
ia to be 30 day* with option to extend.
During thia period on failure of exe
cution of any of the above clauses, the
armiatice may be denounced by one
of the contracting parties, on 48
hours previous notice*.
"VII. Time limit for reply.
"35. Thia armiatice to be accepted
or refused by Germany within 72
hours nt notification.
After readme the terms, President
for, having accepted then* terms or
armistice, will he impossible for the
German command to renew it.
"It is not now possible to asaess the
ronseqeunce* of this great consumma
tion. We know only that this tragi
cal war, whose consuming flames
swept from on* nation to another un
til all th* world was on Are, Is at anj
end and that it was the privilege of
oar own people to enter it at its morit
critical juncture in such" fashion and1
in such fere* as to contribute in a
way of which we are all deeply proud
to th* great rerult. We know, too,
that lhe object of th* war Is attain
*d; "he object upon, which all fre*
men had set their hearts; and attain
ed with sweeping completeness which
even now we do not reallx*.
"Armed imperialism soch as the
men conceived who were but yester
day the masters of Germany is at an
end, its illicit ambitions engulfed in
black disaster. WT.at will now seek
to revive it? The arbitrary power of
the military caste of Germany which
oncc could secretly and of its own
single choice disturb the peace of the
world is discred:ted and destroyed.
And more than that—much more than
that—hts been acompli.shed. Th*
greo.t nations which associated them
selves to destroy it have now definite
ly been united in the common purpose
t<> ret up such a peace as will satis
fy th* longing of the whole world for.
disinterested jaatice. embodied in set-,
tlements which are based upon some-;
thing much better and much more
lasting that the selfish competive in- j
tererts of powerful states. There is!
no longer conjecture as to the objects i
the victor* have in mind. They have!
a mind in the matter not only, but a
heart also. Their avowed am' con-,
certod purpose is to satisfy and pro
tect the weak as well as to accord
their just rights %o the strong.
"The humane temper and intention
of the victorious governments has al-j
ready been manifested In a very prac
tical wry. TSfeir representatives in!
the supreme war councils ct Versail-j
les have by unanimous resolution as
sured th* peoples of the central em-:
pires that everything that is possible
in the circumstances will be done to
supply them with food and relieve th*
distressing want that is in so many
places threatening their very live*:
and stop* are to b* taken immediate
ly to organic* the** efforts at reliaf
in th* same systematic manner that
they were organised in the raa* of
Belgium. By the us* of the idle ton
nage of th* central empire* it ought
presently to be possible to lift tit*
fear at utter ■!»— j fnm Jnk tf
praaaad piipalatliim and «at ihair
■umia aad wiriiw trm tmr ik« put
aad haaardou* teak* of MHmI r»
iintroctten wtiidi now face iktn mm
iwr; hand. Hangar doee not *>r«ad
raform; it biaaili mil all Aa
ugly ittat—para that make an ocdar
ad Ufa telpoaaibla. Far with the fall
of the ancient ywamiaita wHtck
reattd Ilka aa incubus upon tha pmm
plaa at th» central empira* ha* c.-mmm
political rhangaa no* merely hot revo
lution; and revolution which mai aa
fmt to aaauma no final and orderad
form but to run from ona fluid hange
to another, until thoughtful man ara
forrad to aak them«elvee, with what
government >i, and of what anrt, ara
we about to deal in tha making of tha
covenant* of peace? With what au
thority will they meet ua, and with
what aomirmnre that their authority
will abide and *u«tein securely the in
ternational arrangement! Into which
we ara about to enter' There in here
matter for no amalt anxiety ard mis
giving*. When peace i* ma<le upon
whose pt^imi -an and engagement* be
side" our own in it to rent?
War of rwnwnl (nqiMt
"Let a* be perfectly frank with our
selve* ami admit that these question*
cannot be satisfactorily answered now
or at once. But the moral i« not that
thtre ix little hope of an early anfflrer
that will suffice. It ia only that we
•nua* be patient and helpful ar.d mind
ful above all of the great hope and
confidence that lie at heart of what
i* taking place. Excease* accomplish
nothing. Unhappy Runi-a ha* fur
nished abumlant recent proof of, that.
Disorder immediately defeats itself.
If excease* should occur, if disorder
should for a time raise its head, a so
ber second thought will follow and a
day of constructive action, if we help
and do not hinder.
"The present and all that it holda
belongs to the nations and the people*
who pre*erve their r.elf-control and
the orderly processes of their govern
ments; the future to those who prove
themselves the true friend* of man
kind. To conquer with anas » to
Mike only a fimjuary »i*m**«| to
conquer the world by earning Its es
teem is to make permanent conquest.
I am confident that the nation* that
have learned the discipline of freedom
and that have settled with self-pos
session to it* ordered practice are now
about to make conquest of the world
by the sheer power of example and of
"The peoples who have but lost
come out from under the yeke of ar
bitrary government and who are now
coming at last into their freedom will
never find the treasure of liberty they
are in search of if they look for them
by the li*ht of the toreh. They will
find th-' every pathway that is rtain
ed with blood of their own brother*
leads to the wilderness not to the *eat
of their hope. They are now face to
face with their initial teat. We must
hold the tight steady until they find
themselves. And in the meantime, if
it be possible, we must establish a
peace that will justly define their
place among the nation*, remove all
fear of their neighbors and of their
former master*, and enable them to
live in security and contentment when
they have set their own affairs in or
der. I, for one, do not doubt their
purpose or their capacity. There are
some happy sign* that they know and
will choose of way of self-control and
peaceful accommodation. If they do,
we shall put our aid at their disposal
in every way that we can. If tfcey do
not, we must await with patience and
sympathy the awakening and recov
ery that will assuredly come at last."
Big Celebration Follow*
Peace New* in Washington
Washing-ton, Nov. 11.—War time
Washington celebrated noisily the ad
vent of peace.
The demonstration was getting well
under way when President Wilson
drove to the capitol to read to Con
gress the terms imposed upon Ger
many, and it continued uninterrupt
edly until far into the night.
The citys thousands «wirled and ad
died through the streets, welcoming
the end of the war with confetti, tin
horns' and tumult, while automobiles
and trucks loaded with people and
with horns going at full blast praded
in endless cirtie* over Pennsylvania
avenue from the capitol to the treas
Tike President this afternoon re*
viewed a parade inaugurating Um
united war work rompeiga. Each at
the marchers aoldiers sailor aad civil
ian with the Ihroag of spectator*,
saluted or cheered the eiecutire. -