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VOL.1. NO. .U
MARIOM, N. C, FRIDAY, APRIL 0, 1897.
Price $1 Ter Year, in Advance.
Mississippi's Cotton and Corn Crops
GREENVILLE IN GREAT DANGER.
t on-lit Ion of the Hirers and Levees.--The
Situation F.xtremely Critical.
A special from Jackson, Miss., dated
March :;oth, fays: From tli: great
Yazo Mississippi delta, comes a wail
of distress aii'l the cry; ' 'The levees
liav." broken.'" is heard throughout onr
valley of tlit: Nile. Three fresh breaks
have been reported and through which
immense volumes of vuter me carrying
destruction to thousands of hai'iy
homes, and devastating as fertile a
territory as is: to he found on the globe.
So far no loss of life, except todoinestio
animals, has lieea reported, lmt may Ik;
as the g?iit mounds of earth which
protect tho nourishing cities of
( ireeli i!le, Stouovillo, Areola.
Jmr'.s I'oint, Rolling Fork
and others aro watersoaked, mushy
and lialilu to givo way at any
tune. '1 hn four breaks that have oc
cur red, hav- Hooded or will tlood before
reaching tho Vazoo, perhaps u week
hence, the counties of Bolivar, Wash
ington, Sharkey, Issaqunona, Vazoo
and portions of others, in which is eom
IJiseil the finest farms in the world. lu
this overflowed district the State ha
! a ed eight plantations, upon which
ith her m-oo.1 able-bodied convicts, she
v 'is pre) at in- to make another crop of
and coi n, the latter being ill tine
co.m'ui ii in. I he erea'cst concern is for
t he cit y of ( ireenv llle, which, situated
as it is, in the hollow of a crescent
formed ly the hend i f th river, world
hi swept out of existence should a
hi ak occur in the immediuto vicinity.
The streets of the city are twelve feet
lielnw tho summit of the levee, so that
a hreak once formed thero would be
no way of (-topping the Niagara, and
ecry holl e in the place would be
wept from it -. foundations, and the re
maining inhabitant hurried into eter
nity. I'eni 1 1 1 tr sucli a catastrophe, those
who could, have migrated to the hills,
but thousands still lemain. 'J he breaks
that )uie occurred are both above and
below Iree:i!e, I ." and 25 miles
l.ove, soliint the water will pas to
tin- rear i t llic city, The streams on the
del. i all tlow into the river and down
the opposite side of the alle.V. Thou
sainK of people, white and black, line
the huees nud an- making a desperate
i-:V' rt tn hold what remains. It is a
life and death s! ingulf, and for this
ic.isoii there is no rest night or day.
Tin- question has bei li a-died, does it
ia to maintain this great levee system,
and old rumors declare that it does
not. that life and business were more
cei lain huty years ago when no expect
ed an t h i 1 1 xr but mi overflow and pre
I m.., for .
(he 'euthr Bureau on the after
noon ol March .".oth, issued the follow
ing special ri wr bulletin: Purine; the
past ','1 hours the Ohio. Cumberland,
Tennessee and Arkansas rivers have
fallen slowly, and the bed river has
si en two feet since Saturday, and is
still rising rapidly. I lie upper Missis
Mipifiom St. I 'aid to 1 uhuq'', has
risen slightly and is above the danger
line at I. a Crosse. The M ississippi has
fallen slightly from Keokuk to Cairo,
and risen from New Orleans to Helena,
except a slight fall at Arkansas City,
due tw a crevasse m ar that place. It is
uhm e the danger line from Cairo to New
rli aiis. and from Memphis to Ar-iviiii-.is
City is above the extreme
ri .. 1 1 w ater of any pro ions cms. l'roin
I aveiiport to St. bonis no lloodiiiir has
occii! i , , except on the islands' and low lands,
of v. hidi ample warning was
uiveu la t week. I u no ;.: o has water
l '-ached the tops of levees m this dis
trict, nor is it likely to do so. Serious
bleak; in the levees have occurred
within the last forty-eight hours at
Austia'ia. Stop I anding and Wayside,
Miss j he w ater from these crevasses
whl lh iv into the himi basin, and it is
pa I ml .le that 1 he count ies of I'olivar,
W';!-lii:i;:!uii, ssU,jneiia and Sharkey,
Miss., will be linoded. The situation
ut ( i 1 1 i n i ! ! e. Miss., is considered ex-ti'.-mrly
critical. I tit 1 1 the period of
eti cn.e daiiu r from lloods in the low
er M i-sis -1 ppi is past a daily bulletin
w ill be lulled.
I III. .SH II.l.K CKMKXXIAI,.
liilro.i;l Hates Aireel 1'h)ii On the
Same Ibisis as for tlie Atlanta K-pe-li
The Soiiihern States I'assenger As
sociation met at Nashvillo with Com-i:.,-
loner Kichar.l-on in thechair. The
! .. eti;i' w;.s spent in biis-'uess, and a
c.Cht iittee was named to airree upon n
1 a -1 - . which was to report at 5 o'clock
i.i th" ii'tciiioon at the centennial
;:s''iiMs I he committee made their
i i port, in w hich the same basis of rates
w . i c a.lopi. d as that of Atlanta during
the ipositiin. theoiily exception bem
the i imitation f time. ' The tickets will
! :;ood seven days at the exposition
: cie against iie days at Atlanta. Stop-'M-r
pnxile-es wili be granted at Chnt
t i loo-u for s)ecial parties, but nothing
ieiinit,. in regard to tho latter can
';ind on the rate. Airents of the vari-
Imics M:;rcc upon a basis tf rates.
t aiiiluril silver Dull.irs.
I be issue of standard silver dollars
ti' in the mints and Treasury offices for
the week ended March 07, was (ill .!0i(;
and for the con espondii j.' period last
jiar, : :;::, ;;s'
Nominations !' the lrcsllent.
t ha dei.iau'neTower.of Pennsylvania,
tobeenoy exfraofdinary and minister
1 'eidpoteutiary of the United States in
V'istria 1 1 it!iLr:n ; Anson IhirliiiL'aino
'oim-oM, of Colorado, to bo consul of
the United States at Fuchow, China:
V n'na'ii S. Shalleaberuer, of Pennsyl
vania, to be second assistant postmaster
u ' i al : 1 hcinas Hvnu. of Kansas, to
be I n-t s-istant Secretary of the lu
' M' i ': Henry Chiy 1 "vans. of Tennessee,
i-e Coinmissieiier of Pensions.
CiirniTOil the Cnii.
'an.es McKinn.-y, of Kansas City,
Mo., h:ls succeeded in making a corner
'"i onions. He has bought up t2T, 000
' ! e!s. fancy kiln-dried stock, and is
-ellin-them at .?:. ."in r barrel." tin? for -liter
price.- boinsr sl.To and ?-'..'. (r
di is from Philadeijihia, New York and
"'d.er places cannot be filled except
'urolith McKiuuey, as he has cornered
iiioil (tiensliiii Convent ion.
A call for a good citizenship conven
tion, to bo held at Nashville, Tenn. ,
day IS, lit aad 20, baa been isried.
KAI'OSITIOX OKTIIK CAKOL1NAS
Opening Day 3Iay 4th, at Charlotte,
N". ('. Iov Admission and Hail
This is the day of exjosition9. They
are to be found upon every hand, but
it has been reserved for the Carolinas
to iiitiuurate the first exposition to be
managed entirely by women.' This en
terprise, which was instigated ley the
Women's Auxiliary of the Charlotte
Youuif Men's Christian Association, has
its management vested in an executive
committee of sixteen representative
women of Meckleiibnrjr county and is
advised by an Advitory Uoard and
honorary committee of prominent men
from both States. i he opening day is
announced for May 4th and it is expect
ed that all will be in readiness by that
time. Thel uildinp;, which is centrally
located, is xuiiix up rapidly and will be
an ornament to Charlotte, both during
and after the life of the exposition.
Art, science and industry are the
special features to be incorporated. Us
pecia! emphasis is laid upon the Fine
Art 1'epartmeiit by the management, as
the ladies are especially desirous of in
creasing an interest in the tine art in
this section, to be influenced
by the exposition. The most popular
picture in America, "I5reakinr the
Home Ties," lias been secured and will
In-exhibited in this department. This
picture is valued at S.lo,()iM, and is in
sured for that amount while on exhibi
tion. Some of America's most promi
nent artists will exhibit, and the collec
tion will number about :'.()) pieces.
The scientific department will con
tain usual exhibits with copient
cmphasisupon the museum. The col
lodions of Colonial War ami Historical
Holies will be one of the linest ever
gathered in this section, and will con
tain relics from ail over America and
many foreign countries. A historical
portrait gallery w ill also be an impor
tant and attractive feature.
The industrial department wil be
one of the most compact and complete
ever gathered in so small a space. It
w ill include manufacturing; goods and
will also contain some machinery in
operation. The lights will be furn
ished from the exposition's plant owned
and operated by the Charlotte Machine
Company. 1 he electricity displays
will probably bo tho handsomest ever
seen in the South unless it be that at
The railroads will grant greatly re
duced rates and the admission ha; been
placed at "J-'icts. as it is the desire oMhe
management to have the educational
intlueiices that the exposition will
exert extended among the people who
cannot ordinarily incur much expense.
Information of any character will be
cheerfully furnished by Mrs. Minnie
llebb Kellogg, general manager, Char
lotte, N. C.
THK JIAHKliTS WAlTINti.
Sonic Improving and Some Saining
Kflect of the Tarltt Hill.
The weekly trade reviews for the past
week, as reported by R. (b lun Ar
Co. and Bradstreet is, in part, as fol
lows: "The markets are still waiting, some
sagging downw ard and others recover
ing. There is much disposition to use
tho decision of tho Supreme Court
againt railroad combinations as an in
strument for depressing stocks, and
yet the buying has prevented a decline
exceeding Si per share, and for trust
stocks -jo cents pr share. The reports
of railroad earnings for the iiartor have
been somewhat encouraging, the aggre
gate having been on roads within tho
United States only !t.'2 per cent, smaller
than last year, and the March returns
have been rather more favorable than
those for January or February. Tho
vote of the House in favor of a new
tariff bill has made no impression on
business, since it has been expected
since November that some measure of
the same general character would be
come a law . If the bill stands with its
provision making new duties applica
ble April 1st, the chances are that for
eign imports and treasury receipts may
lie for a time considerably restricted.
"The cotton and other textile manu
facturers are slowly gaining in busi
ness, though print cloths and most sta
ple cottons remain unchanged in prices,
and the restriction of the output seems
to have given some reliei to the mar
ket. "The iron and steel industry has been
staggered, so to speak, by the decision
of tlia Supreme Court affecting rail
roads, since it is apprehended that pur
chases not only of rails, but of cars, lo
comotives and bridge material will be
affected. The demand for rails is still
considerable, ami one order is pending
for lO.Oiio tons for Japan, but tho reduc
tion in ?depsabi ore with the want of
agreement as yet among products in
hard ores, tend to encourage the belief
in lower prices for finished products
and so to hinder buying.".
hum ktkf.: t's kei'ihit.
"The course of genera! trade shows
some improvement, notwithstanding
an almost stoppage of business in the
south Mississipi'i valley by washouts,
overflows and lloods. The condition
of country roadways throughout the
central Western States and the North
west is such as to still further delay
collections and check demand from in
terior merchants. Another drop is re
corded in prices of Bessemer pier iron
and steel billets and in wheat, flour,
coal coffee and lard, w hich is in part off
set by increased activity and higher
prices for wool and woolens. Corn, oats,
sugar and petroleum. A heavy move
ment of fertilizers is reported in the
soni Atlantic States, interest in shin
gles has increased on the northwest Pa
cilic i'oast and Oalveston is exporting
cattle to F.uropo direct. The most fav
orable trade reports are from the
Northwest spring wheat States.
" f here are 4. "CO business failures in
the United States reported by Brad
street's during the past quarter, com
pared with 4JVi in the first of 1990, a
falling off of about 11 per cent."'
Went Off to Iiorrovv Money.
E. C. Lineberry, who was reported
as having absconded from I'urhaui, N.
C. , with several thousand of dollars,
has returned to that city and given up
every cent in his posession to cover the
shortage, and to keep any from loosing
he will not reserve house, home or
shelter. He did not run awa-, and he
was not trying to evade the law, but
was endeavoring to borrow money to
cover the shortage. As has been said,
it is the old story of a man who specu
lated anil lost.
The Flood and Federal Aid.
President McKinley Saturday tele
graphed the ttovernors or Arkansas,
Louisiana and Mississippi asking for
information as to the extent of the suf
fering caused by the prevailing floods.
Telegrams poured jn on the President
all the morning, asking for assistance.
It has been decided that the emergency
bill appropriating $2oO,0'.HI for the re
pair of levees cannot be used for anv
other purpose, and the President thinks
something should lie done by the gov
ernment to reliee the people. Wlie n
the information desired f rom tho ( o v
ernors of the States named has been iv
t oived, it is probable that the President
will aik Congress to do something.
NEWS ITEMS CONDENSED.
Southern Pencil Pointers.
The banking firm of John C. Tandy
& Co., of Morgan, Tex., closed its
Eighteen of the young ladies atten
ing the Lucy Cobb" Institute at Athens
(a., will lie sent home on account of ai.
All Fools' I ay escapade.
At Huntington, W. Va., a riot be
tween Democrats and Republicans oc
curred over city politics, and fifty
people fought with knives and clubs.
It is not believed that any of the in
jured will die.
H. N. and J. li. Duke, of Durham,
N. (j. , have given 310,000 for a science
hall and auditorium attiuilford College.
The Georgia Electric Medical Associ
ation met at Atlanta in its twenty-third
A special from Durham, X. C, kiivh
E. (i. I.inebury, bookkeeper of the
Morehead Bank, has left town as a de
faulter to the bank for about $'5,000.
Fifty tinners went on a strike in At
lanta, (!a., six firms having refused to
sign a scale which had been proposed
to them by the union. The tinners want
Srtday for nine hours' work. They
have been working ten hours a day.
The employers who have not signed the
scale say they can fill the pluees.
All but three firms employing tinners
have signed the union scale, and the
men have returned to work.
April 1st a severe storm of wind and
hail prevailed throughout Missouri. At
some points stones weighing ten and
twelve ounces fell with such force and
rapidity that not a house escaped with
out broken window glass. Stock of all
kinds suffered intensely. Xo loss of
life is reported.
No doubt is entertained in Rich
mond, Ya. , that" the man giving his
name as Wilson Williams, who com
mitted suicide in a cheap hotel in New
Orleans, is Frank D. Steger, the de
faulting secretary of the Mutual Assur
ance Society of Richmond.
Heavy frosts throughout California
have caused extensive damage to fruit
At Elverton, CJa. , W. A. Lynch was
caught in the shafting of his own plan
ing mill and killed.
The Tennessee House has passed, in
concurrence with the Senate, a bill de
claring the conduct of "white caps" a
felonv', and fixing the imprisonment at
from three to twenty years.
At Chattanooga, Tenn., C. X. Rndd,
in a fit of temporary insanit3 shot him
self through the head, producing in
stant death. He had quarrelad with
his wife on Tuesday and on returning
home found a note saying she had
ceased to love him and had returned to
At New Orleans, a man who regis
tered as Wilson Williams, of Washing
ton, .(!., killed himself in a cheap
hotel. He had erased his name from
his spectacle case, destroyed all his let
ters and papers. His coat bore the
mark of the Globe Clothing House, of
Richmond, Va. He said while here
that he had lost 875,000, and was des
perate. Wilson Williams was evident
ly an assumed name
At Amerieus, Ga., two negroes were
killed by lightning.
The Comptroller of the Currency has
declared a second dividend of 10 per
cent, to the creditors of the Chattahoo
chee National Batik, of Columbus, Ga.
Thomas Blue, aged -., born blind,
of H oilman. X. C, was restored to
sight at the Maryland General Hospi
According to the Richmond (Ya.
State, Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, ex-Governor
of Virginia, w ill be home from Havana.
Cuba, about the middle of April, and
the governorship of the "Old Domin
ion" will be offered him.
All About the North.
The Legislature of New Hampshire
has passed a law providing for the in
spection of all ice sold within the State,
to guurd against disease.
Over 0(), 000 bicycle tires have been
made this season by one firm at Akron,
O., about 2,4o0 people being employed
in the work.
Capital ; u'liishnient has been abol
ished in Colorado.
Frank W. Palmer, of Illinois, has
been nominated by the President as
At Detroit Mich., Win. HjIz, aged
21. was slain by his father, ow ing to a
A cyclone destroyed the town of ( 'hand
ler, Okla , east of Guthrie. A
dozen or more people were killed and
probably ISO were injured.
Two thousand workmen in the big
tanneries at Chicago, 111., have gone
on a strike, to remain out a year in
order to prevent the changing of the
hours in a day's work from nine to ten.
The companies affected have decided to
close down their plants for an indefinite
Mrs. Margaret J. Preston, "the Mi
mosa of Southern literature, died at her
home in Baltimore, Md., on the 20th of
London has this season taken r.07,615
barrels of American apples, against
181,74 last season, aud Glasgow has
received 400, 117 barrels, against 122,022
of the previous crop.
The old bank of Weymouth, Eng
land, has suspended w ith liabilities of
In three weeks Postmaster General
Gary has received !", 000 letters about
appointments to office.
It is unofficially announced that on
April 20 the Southern Roilwav and the
Florida Central and Peninsular system
w ill take oft their Xew York and Flori
vestibuled trains which have been in
operation all winter.
Corbett says that he will keep after
Fitzsininions until the champion will
atford lrm auotheropportunity to either
win back his laurels or go down a
whipped man for the second ard last
A cyclone struck Austin, Texas., do
ing much damage to property.
National bank notes outstanding on
March:! 1st. Iu7. were 32.W. 70Sil-, a
decrease during the month of ?441.0t,
but an increase since March 31st. ISM,
of 312.41.0:. The gold coined during
the month amounted to 12,77O,!0O,
while 1,400,230 silver dollars were
Fitzhugh I.ee Holds His Own.
The State Department at Washing
ton declares that Consul General Lee
has not been granted leave of absence
to take effect April 15, as published, or
any other date Gen. I.re has not
;isked for leave, and no action looking
to his relief at Havana or to the ac
ceptance of his resignation has been
Not Much Change In Flooded Dis
tricts Along the Mississippi.
FOUR FEET UNDER WATER.
Xo Pen Can Describe the Desolation
Oreenville Under Water Tre
A Jackson, Miss., special, dated April
1st, says there is nothing encouraging
in the situation along the river front,
but the unbridled waters are frolicking
along on their march to the sea, aud
the people of the greatest cotton pro
ducing valley in the world are fleeing
for their lives. Several refugees have
arrived in Jackson, and rejiort that the
half has not been told; that no pen can
describe the desolation, the devastation
and ruin made by the water in the
counties of Bolivar, Sharken, Issequoua
Greenville is still dry, but the waters
from breaks above and below are back
ing into the city.
Rosedale, a town of 1,000 inhabitants,
is four feet under water, according to
private ad vices received. Other small
towns are in the same condition, and
still others w ill be in a day or two, but
no loss of life is j et reported. Fortu
nately the waters travel slowly and tho
denizens of this swamp have had abun
dant time to get out.
A special from Alton, 111., of April 1,
says: One of the most tremendous rain
storms on record swept over this city
last night and the Mississippi is rising
again at the rate of an inch hour. It
stands feet above low water mark,
aud only I) inches below the disastrous
flood of 1892. The highest levees are
being encroached upon and alarm is
great throughout the farming regions
of the Missouri aud Illiuois bottoms.
Manufacturing institutions here are
fighting the waters back from fires with
A special from Jackson, Miss. , dated
April 2d, says: The only change in the
situation in the delta is for the worse.
The water is still pouring through the
breaks and encroaching upon places
heretofore thought to be above the
danger line. Plantations never before
submerged are under water. The streets
of Greenville aro now navigable only
by boats. The flood from above having
met and joined forces with the flood
from below, nearly one thousand fami
lies in Greenville are surrounded by
water, although some portions of
the little city are still dry. The
levees there still hold. Citizens of
Huntington telegraphed the Governor
this morning to send "i0 tents at once.
They were forwarded on the first train
but will have to make several miles of
the journey by skiff. The State is do
ing all in its power to assist its delta
people, but from the depleted condition
of her Treasury can offer little else than
the labor of her H00 able-bodied con
victs. Thousands of delta negroes are
now homeless and will remain so until
the floods subside, but planters are
feeding and caring for their hands as
far as possible.
At New Orleans the water is less than
in lsox, and the city can stand a rise of
a foot and a half and yet escape a flood,
'fhe situation is very discouraging at
A special from Cairo, III., to tho
Scripps-McRae Press Association,
states information was brought to
Cairo, by a commercial traveler, that
a relief toat found the bodies of a
young girl, an aged woman and a child
in a llooded house, on the Missouri side
of the river, at a point about :50 miles
south of Xew Madrid. The people had
either starved to death or died of fright.
The water was at the eaves of the house,
and the victims were in the attic. A
negro and a white man are also report
ed as having been starved to death on
the platform of a temporary refuge in
the same locality.
OXK THUST SURHKNDKKS.
The American Tobacco Company
llves'Vp Its Kxcluslve Contraets.
As an effect of the decision of the
United States Supreme Court in the
Railroad Traffic Association case and
the anti-trust laws of the South, the
American Tobacco Conipauj- has
adopted new contracts with its agents.
Heretofore this corporation would not
sell their goods outright, but sent them
out on consignment. Tho condition
they repuired was that the customer
should not sell the products of any
other factory. Thpy have sent out a
ciicnlar withdrawing these conditions
and oflering to sell their goods outright.
They intimate that they vid give a
present to liberal customers.
FKKi; TO M AK K-WAR.
The Kill Restraining the Seaboard
and Southern from Cutting Hates.
Last fall Judge Hughes, of the United
States Dirstrict Court, setting at Xor
folk, Va., grauted upon application of
the Mercantile Trust Company of Bal
timore, an order restraining the Sea
board Air Line and Southern Railway
from cutting rates. Against that order
a number of demurrers were entered
and the case has been argued several
times. Friday Judge Hughes sustain
ed all the demurrers and dismissed the
bills and petitions, saying: "I must
confess an inclination to the opinion
that on a proper bill, with proper par
ties, a court may put a stop to a ruin
ous rate war, but as this case goes off
on a question of jurisdiction I make no
ruling on that point."
Cadet appointments to Military Acad
emy at West Point are announced as
follows: J. Henry Stanndard, Flor
ence, S. C. ; W D. MeXeill, Waycross,
Ga. ; R. T. Harrell, alternate, Valdos
ta, Ga. ; G. W. Duvall, Cheraw, S. C. ;
Baxter S. Moore, alternate, Chester, S.I
C. : YValter O. Boswell, Penfieid, Ga ;
Win. Clarke, alternate, Madison, Ga. ;
Francis D. Dunbar, Xew Orleans, La ;
Clarence H. Knight, Gainesville, Fla.
The United States Senate has con
firmed the nominations of Jos. L. Bris
tow, of Kansas, to be fourth assistant
postmaster general ; Henry Clay Evans,
of Tennessee, to be commissioner of
pensions; Thos. Ryan, of Kansas, to
be first assistant secretary of the in
terior; Frank W. Palmer, of Illinois, to
be public printer.
To Retire From the Kench.
Stephen J. Field, Associate Justice of
the United States Supreme Court, has
decided to retire from tbe bench in
I u! v.
Report of the Proceeding from Day
Monday. The Senate spent abou two
hour in open session aud about tan
hours and a half in secret session dur
ing the arbitration treaty. A joint reso
lution appropriating S2."0,000 (to be
made immediately available) for the im
provement of the Mississippi river was
passed. Pettigrew- (Silver) of South
Dakota, offered a resolution which was
agreed to, calling on the civil service
commission for a statement of the reas
ons why laborers and workmen in the
government printing office and in other
departments of the government are re
quired to submit themselves to eoinriet
itive examination Contrary to the pro
visions of the civil service law. Berry
(Dem. ) of Arkansas from thecommittee
on public lands reported, aud the Sen
ate t se.l a bill to approve a coin prom
ise aau settlement between the United
States'and the State of Arkansas.
Tcesdav. The open session of the
Senate lasted until 2 p. in., and then
the Senate resumed, behind closed
doors, the consideration of the arbitra
tion treat', spending two and a half
hours in the discussion. To the 1,404
bills that had been introduced up to
the close of Monday's sessiou, there
were enough added today to bring the
whole number above the figure of l.floo,
the vast majority of them being pension
bills. Tho house amendments to the
joint resolution passed Monday by the
Senate, to appropriate ?2."0,000 to aid
in protecting life and property in the
Mississippi floods, were concurred in
by the Semite, and the joint resolution
was sent to the President.
Wednesday. In the Senate Mills
(Dem. ) of Texas, offered the following
resolution, which went over until
Thursday: "Resolved, That the com
mittee on foreign relations be instruct
ed to inquire what, if any, obligation
the United States has assumed toward
the iieople of Cuba, by asserting and
maintaining the right to prevent tho
acquisition of that island by any Euro
pean power, and compelling its people
to remain subject to the pow et of Spain;
and to report by bill, or otherwise. "
Pettigrew gave notice of an amendment
to the tarill bill which will remove
from the dutiable, and place .on tho
free list, all articles of like character of
domestic production, or manufacture
that are made, or controlled by a trust,
or combination for the purpose of pre
ventingcompetition. In secret session
the Senate reniuiued this afternoon for
three hours and a half, during which
time it disposed of all the important
amendments to the general treaty of ar
bitration aud failed utterly to agree as
to a time when the final vote shall be
Thxksday. In the Senate after the
journal was read the tariff' bill was
received from the House aud referred
to the committee on finance. Hale,
(Hep. ) of Maine, reirted a joint reso
lution authorizing the Secretary of the
Xavy to transport contributions for the
relief of the suffering poor in India,
and asked its immediate consideration.
It was read and passed. 'The Senate
still further emasculated the general
treaty of arbitration with Great
Britain, by striking out the eighth sec
tion entirely, and adopting an amend
ment offered by Bacon, which is inten
ded to protect the Southern States from
any claim baked upon securities issued
during the reconstruction period.
There was quite a lively debate about
freedom in Cuba, which was brought
about by a resolution of' Allen, (Pop.)
of Xebraska. in the case of the Cuban
general, Rivera, w ho is to be tried by
court martial and shot. The resolution
declared that "in the judgment of the
Senate it is the duty of the United
States government to protest to the
Spanish government against such a vio
lation of the rules of civilized warfare."
The resolution offered by Morgan in re
lation to the letters from the Cuban
general, Maximo Gomez, to President
Cleveland and President McKinley,
was taken up and agreed to. So like
wise was the resolution offered by Mills,
(Dem. ) of Texas, instructing the com
mittee on foreign relations to inquire
what, if any, obligations, the United
States has assumed toward the people
of Cuba, by asserting and maintaining
the right to prevent the acquisition of
that island by any European power,
and compelling its people to remain
subject to the dominion of Spain.
Senate, after being in executive ses -sion
from 1 to 5: Pi p.m., adjourned un
Monday. In the House there wore
some dissatisfaction among the Repub
licans with the tariff bill. McCall and
Lovering, of Massachusetts, protested
against the high rates of duty imposed
in the woolen and cotton schedules.
The provisions of the bill were defended
by Grosvenor, of Ohio; Russell, of
Connecticut. and Dingley.of Maine. The
changes made by the ways and means
committee wore generally of slight im
portance. The Senate joint resolution,
making immediately available S2-V),0iHJ
for the protection of the lower Missis
sippi, and carrying some of the more
pressing items in the deficiency bill,
TfERDAY. The House occupied near
ly all day in disposing of amendments
offered by the committee on ways and
means, most of which went to perfect
ing the phraseology, or making classi
fication clearer. An amendment put
ting books, maps and charts imported
for the use of schools, colleges and pub
lic libraries on the free list, was agreed
to, as was also one restoring the Mc
Kinley rates on horses and mules.
Twenty paragraphs of thetariff bill have
now been passed over.
Wednesday. The object for which
President McKinley called the Fifty
filfth Congress in extraordinary session
a fortnight ago was accomplished, so
far as the House of Representatives
was concerned, when the vote on the
Dingley tariff bill was announced by
Speaker Reed. The vote was, yeas.
2o"; navs, 121: answering present and
not voting, 21. The arlirmative vote
was composed of lfW Republicans and
5 1 emocrats Messrs. Broussard, Uovey
and Mey cf Louisiana; Kilberg and
Sladen, 'of Texas and one Populist,
Mr. Howward, cf Alabama. Mr. Reed,
in the Speaker's chair, directed the
clerk to call his name just before the
announcement of the vote, to which he
responded aye, amid applause. The
negative vote comprised 117 Democrats
and four Populists and fuiionists, Mes
sit,. Baker, of Illinois; Marshall, Simp
son and Todd. According to a con
clusion reached last Monday night the
great number of Populists. Silverites
and fusionists contented themsolves
with answering "present." It was
agreed by a vote of l-"0 to 120 making
the duties in the bill effective April 1st.
House adjourned until next Saturdary.
Satcrday. The House passed the
joint resolution authorizing the Secre
tary of the Navy tolransport in suitable
American vessels, which he shall char
ter, contributions of the people of the
United States for the famine stricken
in India, after which "the House ad
journed until Wednesday next.
A promise should be given with cau
tion and kept with care. It should I"
made with the heart aud reuieinbereJ
Ly the head.
CAX'T STOP BREAKS.
They Are Beyond Human Control
The Worst Is Yet to Come.
The latest from Jackson, Miss.,
dated March 31, says: 'The condition
of affairs in the Mississippi valley
grows daily more exciting, and it is
probable the worst has not been experi
enced. One or two more big breaks,
one of them 1,000 feet wide, occurred in
Bolivar county last night, and the wa
ters from the last joining forces with
three other streams are now rushing to
wards the eouih, carrying destruction
to houses, barns, gins, fencing, live
stock, etc. Fortunately, the people of
the delta had taken time by the fore
lock and had either secured their horses
in high places, or had driven them out
to the foothills, where thev will remain
till the waters subside. Xo efforts are
being made to stop the breaks, they
having gotten beyond human control,
and w ork in that" direction is fruitless,
but every possible energy is directed
towards the preservation and strength
ening of miles and miles of niusy banks
.STEAMBOATS SAVING LIFE AND TROPEKTY.
A Scrippe-McRae telegram from
Helena, Ark., says: Telephone mes
sages say that Westover levee is still
standing, but there are slender hopes
if saving it. Rumor has it that the La
conia Circle levee has broken, or is
about to break. The government res
cue steamboat, Titian, due East last
night, is not yet in. It is rumored she
anchored five barges of refugees off Old
Town and then turned back to Laconia
to save life and property at that point.
The steamer Kate Adams saved nearly
800 souls from the relentless flood at
Rosedale and Laconia. The break at
Dennis, several ujiles above Rosedale,
has sent wtier down that way and
threatened everybody in town. The
water is now w ithin a short distanoe of
RoEedale. Xo jiower on earth can save
it aud homes, stores and mills will be
ewept away within twenty-four hours.
Men by hundreds fought the river as
long as possible, but the river was too
etrong. Breaks above have relieved
the pressure at Arkansas City. Water
from Eaton is now rushing with fright
ful velocity through the country. The
people of Arkansas City say they will
hold the levees.
A GREAT SSOW IX THE WEST.
Trains Stalled and Traffic Almost
A special from Omahs, Neb., of March
SI, says: Because of heavy snows for
the past twenty-four hours, hardly a
wheel has been turning on any railroad
in western Xebraska, and the same
condition applies to districts in Colora
do, Wyoming and the Black Hills of
South Dakota. The Southern Pacific
experienced the greatest trouble on
its main line between Sidney and Lara
mie. West-bound express trains were
stalled at Hillsdale, Wyoming, until
this moring and tho fast mail did not
succeed in getting away from Sydney
until to-night, a day late. The east
bound flyer got as far as Red Butte,
Xebraska, yesterday, and then was
run back to Laramie, where it was
pide-tracked until today noon. The
Rock island's east bound limited train
was tied up at Liinon, Colorado, Tues
day night, and has not reached Omaha
yet. The west-bound fast train was
also stalled at Limon, tohether with the
limited trains from Kansas City and St.
Joe. It is expected that the rotary
plows will get through tho drifts some
time tomorrow. On the Burlington,
the conditions were very much the
same Tho limited, which left Denver
Tuesday night, got as far as Mcl'ook,
Xebraska, where it stuck in a drift.
The west-bound train was stalled at
Holdredge, Xebraska, and the locnl
trains were tied up all along the road.
Xot a train is running on the Black
Hills. Wyoming & Montana division of
the road. The Elkhorn only suffered
on its Black Hills lines, and trains be
ing abandoned west of Chandron, Xe
braska. Most of the telegraph lines
A Circular for the Information of
The following circular has been is
sued by the military committee of the
Tennessee Cetennial Exposition, for
tho information of troops desiring to
attend the .eunion, June 21, 22, 23, 21,
"l'he military camp will be pitched
inside the exposition grounds. Floored
tents wi'l be provided free for all
troops attending the the re-union, also
bedsacks, straw, fuel, lights and water.
There will be a mess house where ra
tions will be served at very reasonable
rates, probably not more than o0 cents
a day per man. Bathing houses for
troops free. 'The military to pay one
entrance fee of fiO cents to the grounds
and to have free entrance afterwards.
Commands can be provided to do their
own cooking and messing if preferred.
A military detail will meet troops on
arrival and escort them to camp."
Signed by the President.
The President has signed the Missis
sippi flood joint resolution, making an
appropriation of $250,000 for the im
provement of the Mississippi river,
from the head of the passes of the gulf
to the mouth of the Ohio river, and to
supply deficiencies in the appropriation
for the fiscal year ending Juaa SO, liJl.
Consul General Lee's Successor.
It is stated that Judge John R. Day,
of Canton, Ohio, w ill go to Cuba as the
duly accredited representative of this
government. His especial mission w ill
be an envoy of the President to ex
amine into and rejiort the true state of
affairs on the Island.
A celebrated German physician was
once called upon to treat an aristocratic
lady the sole causae of whose complaint
was high living and lack of exercise.
But it would have never done to tell
her so; so his medical advice ran thus:
"Arise at 5 o'clock, take a walk In the
park for one hour, then drink a cup of
tea. then walk another hour, and take a
cup of chocolate. Take breakfast at H
Her condition improved visibly, until
one line morning the carriage of the
Baroness was seen to approach the phy
sician's residence at lightning speed.
The patient dashed up to the Doctor's
house, and. on his appearing on the
scene, she gasped out:
"Oh, Doctor, I took the chocol.it"
"Then drive home as fast as you
can," directed the astute disciple of
Aesculapius, rapidly writing a prescrip
tion, "and take this emetic. The tea
must be underneath."
TLe grateful patient complied. S.'i.
is still improving.
Auditor Ayer is Still Puzzled Over
the Machine Act.
OTHER NORTH STATE NOTES.
Taking Out Licenses The Jersey
Editors Damage Suit Compro
The Raleigh Tribune says: "Auditor
Ayer continues in a dilemma. He is
anxious to issue the tax lists so that
they may be in the l ards of the sher
iffs as soon as possible. In fact, it is
necessary that this should be done
soon, because the people are expected
to begin listing their taxes in June.
What is causing the Auditor trouble is
the $I.2! jicr capita tax. It will bo re
membered that the Legislature, in its
machinery act, made the property tux
4i cents on the hundred and the h1!
tax$1.2tt. The Constitution of North
Carolina provides that the per capita
tax shall be equal to the tax on &;oO
worth of proierty. Well, this would
make the ioll tax$1.8N, whereas the
Legislature made it $1.20, the same
amount w hich w as collected for the hI1
tax under the revenue act of is;i.". The
Auditor is puzzled. He has no right to
change this poll tax to theconstitution
al requirement, and yet if he sends out
his lists to the sheriffs with the property
tax 4i cents and the poll tax$l.2! the
property taxpayers may refuse to pay
their tax on the ground that the ik11
tax is not up to constitutional require
ment, and the poll tax may not be col
lectable by reason of tho unconstitu
tionality of the section.
"There apears to be only two solu
tions of the matter. The Supreme Court
must decide the question or else it will
be necessary to fall back on the pre
vious revenue act. How to get the
act bofere the Court is the question.
It will be too late if the Auditor waits
until the question arises upon the re
fusal of some taxpayer to list under the
"A law'3'er expressed the opinion that
if the matter was carried before the Su
preme Court thev would declare the
ler capita tax $l.;o. He thought that
according to the Constitution the prop
erty tax comes first and the poll is
based on this, being three times the
tax on a hundred dollars worth of prop
Secretary of State Cyrus Thompson
and his assistants are in tho midst of
the arduous task of issuing license to
the numerous insurance companies who
do business in North Carolina. The
licenses run from April to April of each
year and are the source of a right neat
sum of money for the State treasury.
The proceeds from license is about 31 2,
000. The last Legislature increased the
license tax of the lire and accident com
panies froru 100 to $200, and on life
companies from $200 to $210. During
tho year ending April 1st, thirty-seven
life insurance companies did business
in the State. There were also seventy
one accident, fire guarantee and marine
companies doing business during the
same period of time. Of the life com
panies about six were exempted from
taxation by acts of the last Legislature;
but all the other companies, life, lire,
accident, guarantee and marine must
take out license if they continue busi
ness in the State. A large number of
these companies have already sent in
their checks and appropriations, and
there is every indication that there w ill
at least be no decrease in the number of
companies who will do business in the
State during IS'.7.
The Washington Post says: "Rep
resentative Pearson, of North Carolina,
after much imortuning of the indi
vidual members of the ways and means
committee, has succeeded in getting
specific duties placed on mica, a work
which will give him the unalloyed
thanks of at least 100,000 jioople in the
mica-producing districts of North Caro
lina. Mica is a peculiar article of com
merce, in that its value increases in
size. For example, mica in sheets
about two inches square would be worth
10 cents a iKiund, while, in sheets 5
inches square would be worth $1.50 a
pound. With the duty on mica on the
advalorcum plan, it was all valued at
the low price. 'The change which Mr.
Pearson succeeded in obtaining will
keep out foreign mica or make it pay an
adequate duty, and this will Jiring
prosperity to the North Carolina mica
A party of Xew Jersey editors and
their wives, numbering thirty-nine, ar
rived in this State last week on a pleas
ure trip via the Seaboard Air Line
and spent si.me time in Charlotte, Pal
eigh and Southern Pines. At Char
lotte they were welcomed by the mayor
and others, were driven over the good
roads radiating from the city, shown
the various manufacturing interests
aud were entertained by the Manufac
turers' Club. At Raleigh and Southern
Pines the- were given a royal welcome
also, and each and every one expressed
themselves highly gratified with what
they saw in the Old North State.
At Lumlierton Friday fire destroyed
seventeen buildings. The loss is esti
mated at $75,000, and insurance about
$55,000. 'There were other losses that
cannot be estimated at this time. The
origin of the fire is not known. 'This is
the second fire Lumlierton has had this
year. Four brick stores and the llobe
K.niau office were burned in January
last. The town is a picture of desola
tion. Main street being piled with heaps
The North Carolina rolling eosi
tion car is to be finished by August 1st
and will be named for theeiv that bids
highest for that honor. Pab-igh. Wil
mington, Abbeville and Charlotte will
send in sealed bids.
A Raleigh special says: "The South
ern railway has compromised the suit
instituted ijy A. G. Bauer, who, while
driving across the track was run into
by a passenger train and severely in
jured. Bauer gets $2,500.
Reports from all over the State give
information that truck farmers in the
east ami south have suffered severely
A Richmond paper says that a young
womiiu of that place declares that
when Ehe received her first masculine
kiss she "felt as if something was run
ning down her nerves on feet of dia
monds, escorted by several little Cupids
in chariots drawn by angels, shaded by
honeysuckles and canopied by melted
The now Mayor and Council of As
bury Park. N. J.. have put In fore ;i
new ordinance which prohibits batbin.
at that resort except in "respectable I
The New Literary Member ef tfce
Andre Theurlet. the new member of
the French Academy, Is one of the most
"""'TBr of the literary men of Parta.
HIa. public, outside the atmosphere
of the French capital. Is limited
and he Is known to very few peo
ple in this country. He was given a
scat in the Academy In preference to
Emile Zola, but the order of his genius
and his talent is immeasurably below
that of the author of "Nana." M. Theu
rlet began his career as a poet and.
wrote pleasant verses for a number of
Parisian magazines, which attracted
much favorable attention. During the
past twenty years he haa devoted him
self chieSy to the writing o novels.
which have had success. Ills stories
are pure, and savor but little of the
French laxity that has kept so much of
tlwt literature from translation Into
English. Theurlet's beet-known novels
are "Glrard's Marriage" and "Ray
monde and Aunt Amelia," both of
which have been rendered Into English.
Ilia attempts at play writing have not
been especially successful. One of his
two plays was produced at the Odeon,
and the other at the Franenls. He Is a
'member of the Legion of Honor, and as
long ago ns 1887 the Academy honored
him by awarding him a special prize
for the excellence of his literary work.
M. Theuriet In 53 years old, and was
educated lu Paris. IIU career In poli
tics was limited to a term ns Minister
of Finance. lie was never noted as a
statesman. He wns elected to the
Academy with Albert Vandal, the
The nohWt workers of our world be
queath us nothing so great as the image
of themselves. Their task, tx it ever
so glorious, is historical and transient:
the nnjsty of their upliit is essential
ami eternal. When the external condi
tions which supplied the matter of their
work have wholly decayed from the
surface of the earth and become nl
sorboil into lt.s Hubstnnoe, the perennial
root of their life remains, bearing n
blossom ever fair and a foliage ever
When a man's suspender button gives
way he feels about as bad as a girl
when she knows her garter is slipping
OHIO Wil AM 1MIX2T0H SAIL
Bohedule In Eir-x-t Monday. January 4,183
at 8 o'clock. A. M.
No. 35. Ho. 11.
Eastern time. AM AM
Lt. Camden 8 30
Wtville a 15
Kershaw 10 45
HnathHprings .il 05
Pleasant Hill 11 15
Lancaster 12 05
Rlvemlda 12 35
Hprlngdoll 12 50
Catawba Juuct'n 1 60
LHslle 2 00
Ar. Kock Hill 2 20
Lt. ltock Hill..... 4 00
Lt. YorkvUle. .
Hickory OroTe. C 30
Hmyrna 6 40
Blacksburg 7 10
Patterson Hp'ns. ....
No. 82. '). 12.
Rutherford ton .
HIrkory Grove. 9 05
YorkvUle 9 35
Tlrzah 9 47
Kewport 9 51
r. Rock Hill 10 10
Lt. Rock Hill 11 00
Leslie 11 53
CaUwba Junct'ull 25
Spring tell 11 3J
RlTerside 11 4
Pleasant Hill . ..12 24
Heath prlngs..l2 32
Kershaw 12 45
WestTllle 1 00
I)eKalb 1 12
Ar.C'amden 1 30
All trains dally eixpt Kundsv.
tO. O UU CUUUI7.1IUU m.u
Lenoir Railroad at YorkTllle, 8. C, with the
Bouthero Railway at Rock Hill H. C, with
the Seaboard Air Llo at Catawba Junetloii.
B r with the Lancaster A Chester Rllroe4
at LaacaBter, 8. C-, and with the Booth Car
olina aod Georgia Railway at Camden, 8. C.
No. 83 has connection with the South Car
olina aau Oeorgla and Georgia lUllwayi at
Camden. H. C, with the Lanc er A ; Chea
ter Railroad at Lancaster, 8. C , with the
Seaboard Al. Line at Cwo Junctions.
C . with tho Southern Railway ar Rock HUi
B C with the Cheater A Lenoir RaUroad at
v.w JnJ Th r and with the Southern Rail-XS&--
No.. 84 and 85 will
BAML HTTT, President