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VOL.IL no. C.
MARION. X. C. FRIDAY, MAY 28. 1807.
Pike $1 Per Year, in Advance.
ountcrs. I J
out by ,,,,, ,
,t Cloth- U " m
(1..V.J J " : :
er Mer-.tn :! ''V1
e take poo
DECIDED AraiKf HEN
A Column of North Carolina Squibs
Picked Up Here and There.
HE IS A VERY POOR PROPHET.
Many Damage Suits Toe-Nails
Dropping Oil -- May Crop Hellc-
Yhe Cluirlotto Observer's Concord
correspondent of the l?t)i, says: "In
the Presbyterian cemetery at this place
there is a lone grave with the following
in: i-i iption on the pliiiri white slab:
"George Veamaii, Equestrian, Born
in I Mnibiirgh, Scotland, January l'Jth
Is l, and departed this life November
7tli. 1.'?." 1 ic was a showman and in
juied while pet formi ng a feat in Robin
son's great country circus, which was
it. al.in:; it-. first tour through the
I-n'ith. Yesterday afternoon members
i,f ( '. '.s circus assembled at the St.
Cloud Hotel tin 1 marched to the grave,
which v. as -rof usely decorated with
1. uuti; u: flowers. At tho grave Mr.
I i n in- w , tho business manager of
tl.i Miwu made an impressive talk, and
:i ki -d the divine blessing ami guidance
P.r the fidleii and for those yet alive in
the pioi'e-,. ;cn. The Land rendered
c. end ehoice selections on the march
m I :it the cemetery, while the (lowers
. ie being pla-ed on the tomb, it play
ed ' Seiner, My iod, to Thee." The
i.ii'tii'M lal service was an impressive one
and v -.i, witnessed by nearly all the
city s populace. "
l.Ii Marshall, tho negro who shot
( ..ii-table Neyin, at riueville, and who
van in turn shot when being captured,
just over the line in South Carolina from
Monroe, is furnishinga strange case for
medical science. Ho was shot, it will
be remembered, in the leg. The toe
nails on the foot of the leg he was shot
in we droppin-'oir This, lr. Wilder
mi v-. is caused by injuries to tho scia
tic nerve. It is the only case of the
hind he has ever known. Marshall
complains of his foot feelinglike he was
on lire, lie keeps it in water constant
ly. Charlotte 'bsorver.
It is said that the attendance at the
.-ting of the Stub-Teachers' Assmbly
loo,eh. -ad City, -lune l.'.th will be
! largest in many yearn. Tho opening
; he -iiminer scli. al at Wake Forest
ol!e-e w ill be postponed in order not
conflict v.ithtlie assemble Aiiw.ih'
e eminent educators who are to ad
s tlie a-sembl v ar; Dr. Curry, Ir.
Murray, president of the University
Chica-o, and President leorgo J.
im.-ey. of the Southern Kducatioiml
The State crop report for May, based
on returns from 1,000 correspondents,
has been completed. It is as follows:
Average comiiiivu i iui work ;i-l jer
rent ; amount of cotton planted com
pared with average years 102, corn 101,
condition of wheat compared with nver
ii . 'c u iu s no, outs 104, prospects for
I caches ilT, apples ?., small fruits NT,
: !apfs--. N umber of hoys as compared
v. ith average years 07 per cvnt.
I in-appointment of ox -Judge Tourgce
it oiistilate at Bordeaux, Frauce,
I ii!'s t mind his career in this State.
ll.-l. it North Carolina nineteen years
'.. He held a lot of the "special tax"
I' ..lids and one of his statements just
before lie left was that the United States
ii ieme Court would declare them
valid mi. I require their payment He
proved to be a very poor prophet. Wil
At tin- convention of the Brother-
b 1 of St. Andrew held in ltaleigh
ia -! week the following otlicers were ro-
Ic tc.l: S. S. N'ash. president: T. W.
l'uM"!i and r.etijamin 11. Jluske, vica
pi' i lent--: .lohn C. Drewrv, eeere
t..' an 1 treasurer; executive coniinit
. I.. Wall. H. A. Evans and E.
i. M:i'--ha!l. the hitter of Charlestoii,
s ' I he strength of the chapter is
I'p'c-c. .pal IHocpsati Convention
i. h i- week adopted resolutions
-I- to purchaseSt. Mary's school
! ;i v for si.Vi, noil, in cash,
::iH.tiler in twenty years. The
i p'-opcrty belongs to the Cameron
and ;sin the western suburbs of
;h. l'er over half a century it has
i church school, but under private
Ley also decided that women
on parochial matters.
fh last week the following
led licenses as pharmacists
" Hoard after examination:
am. of Kalcitrh; Moody B.
Sotithport; John B. Manly
-enhotir. of Salisburv: Nor
inter and W. H. Whitaker,
' H. Vick. of Wilson; T.
of !unville, Va. : J. A. Scat-
f Newberry, S. C.
viriiorhas )iardoned l'.rnest
. convicted of illegal registration
a--t term of Alamance Superioi
and sentenced to three years'
ii'MM.nnient. with leave to the
-loners to hire out the nrisoner.
us Clingman King, con
";':t w ith intent to commit
Vtober term. 1S (."i. nf tli
'liinitiul Court and sen-
f damage suits atrainsl
of employes' lives ie
ver l.etore. lleavv
r given. Wil niing-
"v.Timr has olTered .J.10 reward
te,-ti,,u of the persons who as
i ' 1'. Maker at )ud!eyontlu
- r is made the State Board oi
1' t. purchase, at O") cents pel
acre- in Carteret, Jones nr.c.
ln.own as -tlo.1oL.w- ...;..v
"6 lands covered with water and nc
H V ,eit Johnson, who has just
j 1. ' 1 ' -line Ufl'lUT oi ei Ml
C'X T; ':',,l"'cs isail to be the oldest
O0-2 f 11 ,:''', '"'l- uited to public office. I!f
''ci.ti-nnial anniversary of tl.t
,"l'"1:'"i Lutheran Synod occurs
havimr hcen organieil a
iv Mav :(. is,,.;. suitable ob
' "t till- notable event is in pre
h,,-v I'rthl the- Westen
' aro.nia Conference. M. K.
'"';'h. which meets at Ashe
'itn.ent f,. t).,. criminal in
" I " niteiitiary will be finished
t r - -, ' . i
tioll ti I i :i:i'i"l v,-!,
"'V lhe -t it
;( !'. i;
; i i .i i. i
! I!,. ...
u i H ji. ;.
C.oods ml j;ct, d ,,f u
... v.mrJ-'-'- the .
ase v ! lie !;:.:;.) ,
rices, wtlt i !av- f.-r ,,
ue oi on- . : i nan
nell Jxi.rrK- "- ''
st." Mf"--' -'v.
reasonaf: ' j'.'' ' I
1 he o!
' i. ven
TIIK WKKK OKIKADK.
blight Iinproveineiit A leneral In
croasc in Loans is Noteil.
Messrs. 11. (. Dun i C'n.'s Weekly
IJeview of Trade for tho week ending
on the 21st, says: I'nmi-takable evi
dence of improvement comes in the
general increase of commercial loans,
mostly for eastern merchants or com
panies, though some well-known
houses in the middle west appear with
considerable rediscounts from the
Not for a long time have commercial
Joans been fully half the whole. The
distinct change gives proof that new
business ha. been larger than many
have supposed, l.'eeeipts of money
from the interior exceed : I.ipmeiits 31,
V 1. 1,0' , mostly from the mid
die west. Ex ports of gold have
no influence, and only signify
th willingness of Kushia to pay a price
for the gold needed. The excess of
merchandise imports to answer de
mands for half a year to come involves
the greater excess of exports when the
anticipatory movement ends ami crops
begin to move, which fact renders
large outgoes of gold less likely, and
gives the country a stronger position
in international market. Meanwhile
there is a continuing increase, distinct
the ugh gradual, in the volume of busi
ness in demand for products of manu
facti.re and considering the time of
year, in movement of grain and pro
duce. Western wheat receipts exceed last
year's f.r the week 2. :U, 1! bushels
against I.T:!,')'., ami Atlantic exports
were 1, ;-,, s: bushels, ilotir included
against I,::(2,4'.U last year, and for three
weeks -!,;, 722 against :i,:is.i,!i(), for
the same period last year. Western
receipts of corn were Lt'."."i,iiT7 bushels,
a gain of 1. l.'V.Tl, and Atlantic exports
2, lsx.H-j.-, against 1,i;i rs,s2" last year,
notwithstanding the enormous increase
hitherto. Wheat again cheated hope'ul
buyers and fell nearly 4 cents, closing
lower for the week. Corn was a shade
weaker. Cotton oiuv more hopefully
advanced to i :c, but fell back to 7
w ith poor support here or abroad. Moth
the volume of stocks and the conditiou
of domestic and foreign markets for
goods hinder a Ivauce, aud later acreage
reports are better.
'Ihe iron industry has had an increase
in new business, tie.; rh not in all
brandies. I'ait was due to tin? rupture
nf the steel brum poo!. i;u l the fall in
price from V to .:-. -', nominally
quoted, and some good structural con
tracts were at once secure 1. Part is
due to a better demand for plates and
for pipe, of which one large contract
for Indiana fields was placed, and part
to growing needs for cars and vessels.
J'here is also some increase in rods
though the season for wire and nails is
Hearing an end, because ot an expected
pool of rod mills. Lower Southern
freight r::!es marketed a little
more iron at the North and Eastern
foundry is slightly lower with grey
forge only 25 at l ittslmrg. The
Carnegie works are now turning out
00 to.is of rails daily, nearly ail on old
nrders, and exports of linished pro
ducts increase. Sales of copper, said
to be nearly tio.ooo pounds, beve stif
fened the price to lb' lor lake, and tin
1:1! cents, in spite of large arrivals,
though lead was weaker at r?.!.2" and
tin plates at .?:'..';.. Coke is also a
shade lower. Sales of wool decrease,
though still greater than vhe:i all
the mills were busy, but manu
factures are doing scarcely anything',
most of their possible demand for
months ahead having been supplied.
Western holders begin to oiler at 1 to
1 1-2 cent lower than of late. Woolen
goods are dull, but prices are firm,
i'he strike of clothing hands somewhat
restricts the new- demand. Cotton
goods are without change in prices,
print cloths still at the lowest on
record, and the demand is still indif
ferent, with talk of temporary closing
of mills at the South.
Failures for the week have been 2 IS
in the I'nited States against 227 last
year, and ;i7 in Canada against 2S last
IJKi STKIKK KNDS.
After l-'our Years' Struggle the Fltoit
(lass Workers iive I 'p.
At Fittsburg, Fa., the strike of the
American Flint (ilass Workers' I'nion,
which was inaugurated four years ago,
has been declared otl". The dispute was
over working tho unlimited turn," and
of Ihe 7, olio men connected with the
American Flint (llass Workers Union,
The strike cost the (ilass Workers'
I'nion over j?l, ooo, ooo, and during the
tour years 4oo strikers died.
Now that the strike is over it is
thought the United States (ilass Com
pany will reinstate a large number ot
M'LAriJIN KOU SKXATOK.
The Youngest South Carolina Con
There is little doubt as to the suc
cessor of Senator Earle, of South Caro
lina, and as Governor F.Uerbe thinks
the Democrats should have their full
strength in the United States Senate at
once, he will probably make the ap
pointment before many days.
Congressman John Li. McLamiu is
looked upon as practically certain to
receive the appointment. If appointed,
he will be elected, whether there is a
primary next fall or not, for it is left
entirely to the Legislature.
Mcl.aurin is the youngest man in the
South Carolina delegation. He was
attorney general for four years and was
elected to Congress for his second
term last fall, lie is a member oi
the Ways and Means committee
and recently spoke in favor of a duty
Proving a Success.
The Exposition of the Carolina,
w hich is now opened at Charlotte. N
C, is proving a decided success it
every particular, and the largest at
tendance in one day was 2,"oo. aud i
constantly increasing, owing to tht
fact that those who attend titid somucl
more than they expect and go away t -advise
their friends to attend. Last
-'at unlay was Children's Day and wit
a great success.
The administration at Washiugto
have determined to go slow as to Cuba
Mure Trouble at Homestead.
Italians at Homestead. Fa., Thau
t wice been attacked by idle men, vh
believe thev should have been give
the work tho Italians received 'buil.i
iug a street railway). Officers a;v pro
tecting the Italians and further troul le
The Kouss Monument IeMeateL
The monument given by ( harh
i'roadway llouss. the millionaire e
Vork merchant. t the Confederate Vet
raiis camp has been dedicated m Vt
,'ope cemetery, in Westche ter count,,
The Graeco-Turkish Controversy
Reaches This Stage.
NEGOTIATIONS EXPECTED TO
Last for Some Time--TJic Sultan's
Policy in Acceding to the Czar's Ke
quest for an Armistice.
London, May 22. (By Cable.) The
Graeco-Turk trouble has now fairly en
tered upon its diplomatic bargaining
stage and the negotiations are expected
to last for some time. Many important
differences have to bo settled, and the
Sultan of Turkey may- be counted upon
to drag the all'air along as much as
possible, with the view of bringing
out the latent jealousies of the pow
ers. His prompt compliance with
the Czar's request to arrange for an
armistice is not attributed entirely to
the desire to please the Czar, but it is
Jooked upon as: a stroke of diplomacy
intended to excite the resentment of
some other power and thus weaken the
.-oneert. Thus far, everything tends to
show that the powers remain in entire
agreement on the question. An Euro
pean conference is discussed but it is
uot thought likely to take place until
the preliminaries of peace are arranged.
1'heu the ambassadors at Constanti
nople, with tho delegates of Turkey
ind Greece, may meet to settle upon
the treaty of peace. There is a strong
feeling in favor of international control
:f the Greek nuances, without w hich
the payment of the indemnity to Tur
key and tho interest on the Greek debt
is declared to be impossible.
The Greeks insist that if nn indem
nity is imposed upon them there will be
i general collapse and serious internal
-roubles w ill occur. They estimate the
lamnge done to Thessaly at 2",tMio,o')0
Iraclimsand theysay another lo.ooo.ino
Irachms w ill be needed to supply the
peasants w ith food and tools. Moreover,
they add, the revenue w ill be greatly re
duced, ow ing to the immediate damage
lone to cultivation throughout the coun
try, duo to the ubsence of thousands of
workers. This year's budget will proba
bly leave a deficit of CO, 000,000 drach
mas. The Greek statements, however,
ire now received with a certain sceptic
ism. It is pointed out that by the ad
missions of the Greeks themselves 70
per cent, of the interest of the debt,
which they have not paid, has been set
side in order that they n.ay have mon
ey for the war aud that consequently
Ijrcece is certainly in a position to con
tinue paying :i0 per cent, interest and
probably considerably more if her
linauces are placed under international
Advices from the scenes of the recent
lighting mention the possibility of a
serious epidemic of disesse when the
heat increases, owing to the putrifying
Jarcases and horses left rotting ine'v:y
The popular feeling at Athens against
the royal family of Greece does not di
minish. The stories of tho "excessive
prudence"' of Crown Prince Constan
tino at the front have done much to
And Oecide to Kiglit Tariff liill
Down on Dear IJecr.
The Democratic Senators held a cau
cus last Saturday and decided to in
augurate their light upon the tariff bill
as soon as the bill is taken up in the
Senate by a motion to strike out the in
ternal revenue features of the bill relat
ing to beer and tobacco. This result
was reached after a discussiuu in w hich
practically all the Senators present par
ticipated. The talk w as based largely
upon the proposition to increase the
tax upon beer, which was generally
criticised as an effort to increase the
price of "the poor man's beverage,"
w hich was pronounced wholly unjusti
fiable in time of peace and with $120,
WO.OOO of idle inoney in the treasury.
Senator Karle's Funeral.
At Greenville, S. C, Saturday, the
grave closed over all that was mortal of
Joseph Haynsworth Earle, South Car
olina's late junior Senator. All the
stores in the city were closed during
the progress of the exercises. The
whole of Greenville mourned and the
people made no attempt to conceal
their feelings, i'ich and poor alike at
tended the obsequies, and prominent
men from all over the State, as weil as
the Congressional committee, paid
their last tribute to South Carolina's
honored and worthy son. Handsome
floral tributes were sent from Washing
ton, as well as from the townspeople.
Governor EUerhe did uot atteud, owing
to illness in his family. The services
were conducted at the First Baptist
churchh by Dr. C. S. Gardner, the pas
tor. Cuban-Americans Needing Kclief.
A telegram received at tho State De
partment at Washington from Consul
Geueral Lee indicates that the number
of Americans in need of relief in Cuba
is much larger than was supposed at
first. The Consul-General says that
the number may- reach 1,200. The
consul at Matanzas reports 2."0 there
and the consul at Sagua 4"0.
A Bust of Raleigh.
A memorial bust of Sir Walter Ral
eigh has been unveiled at Westminstot
Abliey, in London, England, by the
Duke of Buocleuch, in the presence oi
a distinguished assemblage. Among
the eulogies delivered was one by Col.
lohn Hav, embassador of the United
rilK SOUTH KKN'S POSTAL BILLS.
Postniastcr-liencral Sends a
Statement to the Semite.
In compliance with a resolution of in
quiry, the Postmaster Geneaal sent to
the United States Senate last Monday
the statement in regard to the compen
sation paid to the Southern Railway
Company for the transportation of mails
since 1SH4. The reports show that since
January last the compensation on the
division between Washington and
Lynchburg, per mile, has been as fol
lows: Sti! for transportation: 32i" for
postal cars and 12 for special facili
ties. The Postmaster-General says that
the weighing of all mails last year on
this Hue was conducted with more than
usual care, and that all officers and em
ployes of the Railway Mail Service who
had anything to do with it were in
structed fully as to their duties, aud re
quired to make reports of any unusual
amount of mail matter received Lj
Look np the best man that ever
lived, and you will find aiethiuj
Southern Pencil Pointers.
Christ Church, Savannah, Ga , h n
A pitched battle between tjll g.ite
rni.lera ot.,1 n 1 . ..v i W- nf Im mik.
yille, Kv., resulted in the fatal v.oii!id-
uig oi jsavni .lolmsou and tne serious
injury of Charles Jones.
Creek, W. Va., on a log, Abraham Don
aldson, Mrs. Shrevers and Miss Martin
w ere drow ned.
The Barber negro memorial school at
Montgomery, Ala,, has been burned,
The loss is about .4.,oo.
Mississippi is to have a new Stat."
House to cost ?7.")0,ooo.
It is rumored thct Governor 'ia.vior,
of l'euueshce, is to resign his office in
October to resume his lecture tours.
Governor Bradley, of Kentucky,
granted a pardon to a 12-year-old girl,
guiity of forgery, and is urging a re
form school for juvenile offenders.
Jlenry Love, colored, under arrest ai
Winston, N. C, has confessed that he
is Lewis Mason, v. ho killed Peter Du
ron w hile under arrest at Atlanta on
C'hristmrs day, 1 !.",.
Elijah Morton, colored, will be
hanged at McRae, (ia., on May 21 for
the murder of threo persons.
The National Bank of Gnfl'ney, S. C,
has been authorized to begin business,
with a capital of S-VUXK).
J. 11. Westbury w as shot at Isabella,
fa. , by E. A. Nisbet, a real estate
ngent. Cause, an unpaid store account.
Nesbit is in jail audit is thought West
berry's wounds may prove fatal.
The Florida joint legislative com
mittee have found Stato Treasurer Col
lins' shortage to be ."(, '.is L Collins is
missing. The committee charges that
T. N, O. Stockton, a candidate for the
United States Senate, owes the State
?l."j,000, for which no security is held.
A wild nrtgro has been captured ten
miles north of l.renion, Ala. He is
about CO year old. and it is believed
that he has lived in the Alabama
swamps ever since the war. He w ill be
held and tamed.
Frank E Corhctt, a prominent busi
ness man of Alexandria, Va., died in
his ofiice, at the corner of Fairfax and
King streets. Death was caused by an
overdose of chloral and bromide of
All About the North.
John F. Johnson, president of the
State National Bank, of Logansport,
fnd . is in the clutches of Ihe law for
forging s-Joo, ooo worth of notes.
Kansas- has abolished stripes for
The board of education of New York
will spend ten millions in the next two
years in enlarging and improving the
school accomodations of tho city.
Manufacturers of the Indiana gas belt
at Anderson are organizing to preserve
the "iturnl gas fields
Otto Pilcguard, of New York city,
died from lockiaw after having pierced
his foe with if rusty nail.
The annual meeting of the American
Tract Society, win held in New York.
Tho treasurer's report- showed receipts
for the year of .V.U,:;ii2.
A call has been issued for a conven
tion of free silver Republicans of ( )hio
in Cincinnati, Juno 1, to elect dele
gates to the national free silver conven
tion, Juue Mh.
Governor Black, of New York, has
signed the so-called anti-scalper's bill.
It absolutely prohibits the selling of
railroad and steamboat tickets in the
State except by authorized agents.
John Smith, the colored candidate for
the Naval Academy, Annapolis, has
failed in tho English branches of his
examination. Under the rules of the
academy he was allowed re-examination.
It is possible that Miss Clara Barton
may go to Greece in the service of the
Red Cross Society. Mr. Demetrius
Vasto, the Secretary of the American
fund in aid of the Greek Red Cross, re
cently summoned Miss Barton for a
conference in New York in regard to
her possible journey.
Consul Hyatt reports an egg famine
The new tunnel under the Thame
river has been formally opened by the
Prince of Wales.
Elverton R. Chapman, the sugar
trust broker, contemplates writing a
book narrating his prison experiences.
The postotliee department has just
completed a thorough inspection of all
the presidential postoflktsof the coun
try. Hawaii is making pretense of desir
ing annexation with England if the
I'nited States abrogates the sugar
Comptroller of the Currency has de
clared a . per cent, dividend in favor of
the creditors of the insolvent First Na
tional Bank of Ocala, Fla.
The supreme council of the A. P. A.
at Washington has endorsed Senator
Morgan's fight for Cuba and condemned
Senator Vest's declaration that Catholic
priests were superior to the broken
down preachers w ho taught Indians.
At Charlotte, X. ('., on the 20th
the :7th annual session of the general
assembly of the Southern Fresbyteria'i
Church was called to order in the First
Presbyterian Church. The assembly
was organized by the election of Rev.
G. T. Goetchis, D. D., of Rome, (ia ,
as moderator and Drs. Wiggins and A.
R. Cooke, as clerks.
The Job is Worth $7,00O.
A Washington special to the Charlotte
(X. C. ) Observer, says Ki Gndger is
slated for the consul-generalship t
Shanghai, now held by Mr. Jernigan.
The salary is put down at So, 000, but
including notarial fees and other per
quisites, it is nearly $7, 000. He has
three good appointments under him.
The first and best is that now held by
Mr. Isaac Erwin Avery, vice consul
general and marshal of the consular
court. I have heard that this pays
nearly- 3,ooo. Senator Fritchard will
name a young man from the State for
this place, who will probably sail w ith
Mr. Gndger. The other places are
worth si, "00 and 81, ooo. Mr. Gudger
will have the power, at Senator l'ritch
ard's instance, to nominate all of them.
The two last, mentioned will not, how
ever, belong to Xoi th Carolina.
A really go.l man had rather be de
ceived than be suspicious, and rather
forego his own right than run the ven
ture of doing even a hard thing. This
Is the temper of that charity of which
the apostle says that it shall never
He Succumbs to Bright's Disease
After Weeks of Suffering.
A SKETCH OF HIS LIFE.
He Was Conscious to th Last--As
to His Successor Oov, Kllcrbe Will
Act at the Proper Tin.e.
A dispatch from Greenville, South
''arolina, last Thursday heralded the
sac newc that Senator Joseph II. Ftu la
had succumbed to Bright's disease after
weeks of suffering, but was conscious
to the last and bid farewell to a devoted
family which had gathered around his
When Senator Earle went to Wash
ington in March he was in his usual
good health. About two months ago
he made his first public utterance in
the Senate, supporting a resolution
which he offered, looking to the organ
ization of the Senate committees. The
ftrenghth of his position in that mat
ter "Drought him at once into national
prominence. But h was almost imme
diately attacked by what proved to be
his last illness, and, faiiiug to rallj-,
his physician advised his returning to
Below is a short sketch of his life:
JOSKI'II ir. EAW.E
was born at Greenville, S. G, April 30,
1S47. He lost his parents early in life
aud went to reside with an uncle at
Sumter, S. G, where he attended the
common schools until the breaking out
of the war in 1501. He entered the Con
federate army while a mere boy aud
stayed the whole four years. At the
close of it he was a member of Charles'
Battery of Light Artillery, Johnson's
army. Soon after the war he returned
to ( ireenvillo and entered Furmati Uni
versity and completed his education.
He then taught school in (Sreeuville
county foi three years, leading law at
the same time. About this time he was
happily married to Miss Annie Earie,
daughter of Mr. Ba3'liss Earle, of An
derson, she being a distant relative of
his. He next moved to Sumter aud
was admitted to the bar in lj70. Eight
years after he was elected to the legis
lature from Sumter county and in
132 was elected Stato Senator
from this county; he wa a del
egate to the national J K:i "ratic
convention in 18S0 and 1sn4; in '.S.-.J
he was elected attorney general of the
Stato and re-elected !" th s ofiice in
lss-j. In 1S;H) Senat... - i'Pod
B. R. Tillman for Governor at the iimo
when Tillnianism was at blood heat; he
was defeated. Just four years liter he
was elected e'reuit judge, which ollico
he held at the time ho was elected over
.lohn Gary Evans to succeed J. L. M.
Irby in the United States Senate in
November, Ism;. He took hi-' set
b'uvnry 27, I-siT. He has held his posi-
m as Senator about five months and
s'.ayed at his post manfully until the
a rrnr.tc calamitv.
Governor EUerhe, of South Carolina,
was much shocked to hear of Senator
Earlo's death. As a matter of course he
is having nothing to say at this time
of the possibility of his successor, al
though he fully realizes that it is a mat
ter of great moment to the Democratic
party to fill the place thus made vacant
by the hand of death at the very earliest
possible moment. The power of ap
pointment is vested in him, and in him
alone, aud he will act when tho proper
time has elapsed in accordance w ith the
power invested in him and for the best
interests of tho State.
f ONUKF.SSIOXATj ACTION.
At Washington, on receipt of the
news of the death of Senator Earle,
Senator Tillman called on tho Vice
I'resideut in regard to the appointment
of a committee to represent the Senate
at the funeral. Mr. Hobart named the
following as a committee: Messrs.
Tillman, Clay of Georgia, Chandler of
New Hampshire, McEnery of Louisi
ana, aud Harris of Kansas. Speaker
P.eed appointed a committee to repre
sent the House.
KICK PLAXTKKS KKTUKX.
Have Hopes of a Tariff Duty Matter
Kests With Finance Committee.
The Charleston, S. C, delegation
consisting of Major Theodore G. Bar
ker, S. G. Stouey and Christopher Fitz
Simmons, who have been in Washing
ton in tho interest of the tariff duty on
rice, has returned to that city. Major
Barker expressed himself as pleased
with the audiences given the South
Carolina delegation. He said that he
could not speak definitely about the
result of the delegation's visit, but he
was hopeful. The Senatorial Commit
tee, he said, seemed to be impressed
with the fairness of the demands of the
rice planters and seemed disposed to
lend a kindly ear to their pleadings.
Major Barker stated however, that in
his opiuion, the matter rested with the
finance committee entirely, as to
whether they can fee their way clear
to amend the J ingley tariff bill in the
Terms of Peace Arranged.
Loudon, May 21. (By Cable.) A
dispatch from Constantinople to the
Daily Mail sa3-s: "The ambassadors
will present a note to the Porte tomor
row embodying the terms of peace to
which they will agree. The note will
refuse to permit the abolition of the ca
pitulation in the case of Greek subjects
or the annexation of Thessaly, but will
eousent to a strategic rrarragement of
the frontier, and indemnity not to ex
ceed 115,000, 000 francs.
Thetwentv-sixth session of the Grand
Division of the Order of Railway Con
ductors, held in Los Angeles, Cal. ,
closed Tuesday evening after a nine
days' session, the following officers for
the ensuing year being chosen: Grand
chief conductor, F. E. Clark, re-elect -ed:
assistant grand conductor, C. H.
Wilkins, re-elected; grand secretary
and treasurer, Martin Claney, re-elected,
grand senior conductor. A. I'.
Garrettson, re-elected; grand junior
conductor, W. B. Perkins, of Los An
geles. Their First Womun Graduate.
The first woman to be graduated by
the faculty of Union Theological Sem
inary, New York, received her diploma
Tuesday at the Sixty-first annual anni
versaryand commencement of that in
stitution. The interest in the event
was doubled by the graduate being
Emily Grace Briggs, daughter of i'rof.
C. A. Briygs, who was suspened by the
general assembly after atrial for heresy
in ISiU. Dr. Briggs is still a member
of the faculty of the seminary, although
he cannot take active part in itswoik-
i nigs before the ban of suspicion Las
j been removed.
A SPANISH DUKL.
It Will lie Fought as a liesult of a
Discussion of the American llelig
erency Kesolutiou ia the Spanish
Madrid, May 21. (By Cable) The
exciting incident in the Spanish Senate,
w Inch culminated in a free right today
was provoked by the statement of the
Duke of Tetuan that Senator Sagasta's
speech the other day to the Liberals
had contributed to bring about the vote
in the American Senate.
Geu. Litis Pando, said: "The thiug
now happening is due to the cowardice
and feebleness of the government. '
Senator Comas said: "You will dis
."ss that t.-rioi row. "
"We wili discuss it," replied the
Duke of Tetuan, "but I will accept
dictation from nobody."
"Nor . I, either," retorted Senor Comas,-
at tho top of his voice.
At this point the Dike of Tetuan,
pale with excitement, boxed both ears
of Senor Comas and felled him to the
floor. The son of Comas threw him
self upon the Duke and struck him a
blow with his list. Several Senators
intervened and a general 6cuffle ensued.
The Senate adjourned in confusion.
The Duke immediaiely tendered his
resignation. It is believed that he mis
understood the reply of Senor Comas,
who is a professor iu the University of
Madrid, May 22, 1 a. iu. (By Cable)
The Duke of Teutan and Senor Comas
have selected seconds as a preliminary
to a duel.
Madrid, May 22, 2 a. m. (By Cable)
The seconds of the Duke of 'I eutan aud
Senor Gomas have decided that as the
aggressions were reciprocal, a duel i.i
a XKono plows vir $ 10,000.
The Money the Proceeds of the Sale of
J ust lefore the emancipation procla
mation was issued John Howard, of
Louden county, Tenn. , sold four slaves
for $10,000. He buried the cash in his
horse pasture. Howard died without
telling anybody about the buried treas
ure. 1'ob Banks, a relative of one of tho
slaves, recently rented the farm on
which Howard lived, and in plow ing up
the horse pasture unearthed the treas
ure. Internal Kcvcime Receipts.
Tho monthly statement of the collec
tion of internal revenue shows that the
total receipts for the mouth of. April
were jr 11, 'JS4. .".'!, a decrease of sir., Tfi)
as compared with April, 1S;M. For the
last ten mouths the receipts aggregated
$ 122,.'J."iO,40;, an increase as compared
with the same period of last year of
$0!!0,us:!. The receipts for April last
from the several sources of revenue art
given as follows: Spirits, ii,0T't,ili, a
decrease as compared with April, ls'.i'l,
of 5?!4,-0.. Tobacco; .fi'.oTO, 1 Hi, in
crease 81!fT.-l"il. Fermt.-i.ied liquors,
62,I20,!);;2, decrease, ?2:iO,741. Filled
cheese, S3,0:.. Miscellaneous, $2-", 1V2.
Hanks Should He Kiicouragcd.
Comptroller of the Currency James
11. Eckels delivered an address before
the Bankers Association, in session at
Nashville, Tenn., and a large number
of prominent citizens. He said in his
opinion the South should be as rich and
prosperous as any other section of the
republic. The way to bring this about
was to assure tho capitalists of the
North that investments would be safe
in the South and returns would be re
ceived. Mr. Eckels dwelt especially
upon the necessity of a soui.d system
of hanking, and insisted that banks
should be encouraged in every com
munity, as they gave eflicieuey to idle
A congressional party from Washing
ton, numbering about sixty persons,
made a pilgrimage on the 21st to Mon
tieello, Va. , the homo of Thomas .Teller
son, going via the Chesapeake and
Ohio Railroad. The trip was planned
by Senator Hoar, of Massachusetts, at
the invitation of Mr. Jefferson M. Levy.
Speaker Reed was among the represent
atives of tho House.
The Stato Demoeraticeommittee have
decided to hold the State convention in
Roanoke, Aug. 11. The basis of repre
sentation was made one delegate to ev
ery one hundred voters or fraction of
fifty cast for the Democratic candidate
in the last Presidential election. This
will make a body of some l.tioo.
McKinley Will Co to Nashville.
The President has finally decided to
go to the Nasheville Exposition next
month. He has fixed upon the 12th as
the date and will doubtless be accompa
nied by some members of his cabinet.
He w ill travel over the Southern road
via. Asheville, Kuoxville aud Chatta
nooga. Horses Are Numerous'.
Horses are so numerous in the State
of Washington that they can be bought
for from SO cents to .1 a head. They
run at large and nobody seems to care
for them. Complaint is made that they
eat the grass that cattle and sheep
might feed on.
To Give $1,000,000 to Charity.
Andrew Carnegie, who usually pre
faces his annual trip to Europe by a
charitable or educational donution, has
decided to give ?l,0o0,0o0to charity this
spring; tne exact object of the donation
is not known.
It Is said on what is thought to be
good authority that the Marlborough
investment oi" W. K. Vanderbilt was
. l.j.tx.iM.i.HM), two-thlrxLs settled for life
upon the Duchess and the remainder
upon the Duke during his lifetime. The
Duchess' jxrtIon at her death goes xj
her children, if nu: has any; if not, one
half of it Is to revert to her mother,
Mrs. o. II. P. Belnionr. But The Duke's
?.-,. NNt.(HM 1 is his, whatever haipens. All
this money Is invented in Vanderbilt
railway securities, and the Marlbor
onghs only enjoy the income therefrom.
Tin Duchess would proUibly get tho
amount from her father, no matter
whom she marriM, so that Vanderbilt
ot a nil English duke a little below
the market price. He is getting his
! money back In the fact tlm the Prince,
j of Wales bar, been his daughter's guest.
Just Like C hicago.
In Paris the streets and public build
ing are lighted with gas at cost, an ! in
ten years the city has received p..i;o..
(Mm from the cotnpany furnishing gas.
A public franchise In Paris means
something handsome for the city treas
ury as a matter of course.
HE ASSISTS IX ("FLORA riSG A
HAS A GOOD TIME WITH CHILDREN.
Philosopher Tlrenof the Sport anil Write
Of Indication of Gen. Grant' Tomb
And Also of General Ice.
.'.miter 1 irthday ia the fauniy.
There are ten children and nineteen
grand-children and somehow everyone
of them has a birthday about once a
My wife remembers them all just
like she knows her alphabet, but the
alphabet keeps lengthening out as the
years roll on and she says her memory
There is but one orphan in all the
lot a little black-eyed girl who lives
with us, and so it was agreed that she
should have a birthday party, for she
was just eight years old today. It was
a mighty big thing for a little pirl and
will last her as long as she lives, I
reckon, and she will never have a hap
pier one. She goes to school and all
her little friends had to bo invited.
Forty little notes had to be written
and forty little envelopes had to be
backed and put in the postoflico and
this afternoon at 4 o'clock forty little
boys and girls eamo up the winding
way through the grove and in course
of time were playing on the lawn
as happy and as noisy as a Hock c.f
black birds. They played everything
except baseball and football and other
college curriculums and wound up
wiih "many, many stars are in the
sky." I broke into the ring myself
in that game and kissed a pretty little
girl and got kissed by another. Age
has its privilgcs and theceareof them.
By and by the piano announced that
the party was prepared, the feast was
ready and so all ihese little folks were
soon circled around the long table and
the side tables, where the ice cream
and the strawberries and the enkc and
he flowers were nestled in luxuriant
abundance. Eight little red wax can
dles were burning in tho center and
eight vases filled with flowers signifi
cant of hope that the littlo girl might
have a light to her path and her way
be strewn w ith roses.
My observation was that nil these
children behaved well and have good
training at home. Of course tho boys
are always hungrier than the girls, and
it takes more to do them. It is said
that one time the queen of Sheba had
40 bovs and girls j" rd rd:l;c n.;d
1, -ouht in before Ainj Solomon to see
if his great w isdom could pick out the
boys from the girls. And so the king
called for bow ls of water and towels
and had them passed around for each
one to wash their hands in. The girls
carefully turned up their cuffs, but the
boys just sloshed their hands in tho
water regardless of spattering their
sleeves. But I would have sent ieo
cream around in saucers, for I know
that the girls would be satisfied with
two, while the boys, as a general rule,
could be persuaded to take 01:0 more.
I don't blame them. Good strawberry
ice cream surely is a good thing and
harmless and three moderate saucers
have never hurt me y:-t. My wife will
have another birthday in two weeks
and I shall insist on moro ice cream.
Well, we have had n; evolution at
our house that has astonished the na
tives. We have five acres of grove in
front of our house, nnd it has long
been inclosed with 700 feet of fence
along the two streets that bound two
sid s of our domicile. That fence was
getting old, and bad been often repair
ed, but recently tho city falhcrr. passed
the cow ordinance for good, and forth
with i'.i a day I had removed every
vestige of that fence. It look:-; very
odd; in fact, it looks like South Caro
lina. My wife does not- know whether
she likes it or not; says the place looks
undressed, and she, feels like takinq
cold, but it will sve me about "0,
aud that is n big hing with us now.
So let the evolution go on. It is a sign
of progress. Since we have lived here
hogs have la-en abolished; next the Fa
loons, and last, the cows have been
ruled off the streets, and the boys, af
ter 9 o'clock at night. We are going
to have a clean, nice, orderly town. If
I was rich I would have a fountain
down in the grove and a dipper chain
ed to ii: and some iron seats in the
shade jot far away, where the thirs
ty and the weary might have rest.
These little attentions don't cost much,
and make both place and people at
tractive. The little things make up
the sum of our life's happiness. The
grand pageant that celebrated the ded
ication of General Grant's new tomb
was ovtr in a day, but his generosity
to Lee at Appomatox, and his kind
ness to the south after the w ar, eclipsed
all his victories. Grant had sense
enough to know that his triumph was
nothing to boast of, considering that
he had three soldiers to our one, and
lost near a million men, and now has
another million on the pension rolls.
Why not even old Jack FalstatT would
have bragged over such a victory. But
I liked General Grant. He was a
southern man, end his w ife a southern
woman. He owned slaves up to the
very dayof freedom, and lived off their
hire, so says his biographer, General
James Grant Wilson, and Mrs. Grant
said in St. Auyustine a few years
ago that her sympathies had
to be smothered all through
the war for her husband's sake. I
have said it before, and I say it again,
that most all professional soldiers will
offer their swords to the highest bid
der. They have a preference, of
course, but patriotism is not as big a
thing as personal success. If a man
could see behind the scenes he would
find many notable instances of this.
Then, what a lie is history; what a
hypocrite is fame. Dr. Johnson fa id
that "patriotism is the last refuge of
a scoundrel." He m;.-ant pretended
patriotism, of course. Milton ex
pressed it better when he said that
"brave men and worthy patriots are
dear to (iod and famous to all ages."
But a soldier of fortune can fight any
where for a cause that is respectable.
General Loring told me that he could
have fought against the khedive just
as honorably as for him if the position
and the pay had been satisfactory.
Biit I didn't mean to ruminate on
this line. I have great respect for
General Grant's memory, but when I
read all tho gush and parade over those
ceremonies, and almost heard the
shouts of the grand army, I yvas oblig
ed to think of our side and the truth
of history. I wanted to make that
monument complete' y chiseling on its
capstone some ligu s only n few fig
ures that strangers who visit it might
read and wonder, and inquire where do
those people live who fought that light.
Verily, "Saul has slain his thousands,
but David his ten thousands."
And now I will cool off on some ieo
cream and g i- -k and rlay with the
children. T . up in Atlanta Constitution.
FIFI Y-F1F1 H CONC.KKSS.
Iieport of tho Proceedings from Day
Monday. Cuba engrossed the at
tention of the Senate. Two phases of
Ihe subject were presented. First
came the question of relief to destitute
and starving Americans in Cuba. This
was presented iu the President's mes
sage as soon as the session oiened.
Immediately following the reading of
the message 1 avis, chairman of the
committee on foreign relations, pre
sented a favorable report on a joint
resolution originally introduced by
Gallinger, appropriating ."(), (MH for the
relief of American citiens in Cuba.
There was only one brief speech, from
Gallieger, and then tho resolution went
through by unanimous vote. Tho
resolution as amended is as follows:
"Resolved, By the Senate and House
of Representatives if the United States
iu Congress assembled, that the sum of
."i0.ooo lie, and the t ame is hereby, ai
propriated out of any money iu tho
Treasury not otherwise appropriated,
for the relief of the destitute citizens of
the United States in the Island of
Cuba, the i-ai.l money to be expended
at the discretion, and under the direc
tion of. the President of the United
States in the purchase and furnishing
of food, clothing and medicines to such
citizens, aud for transporting to the
United States such of them as so desire,
and w ho are without means to trans
port themselves." The debate on tho
Morgan Cuban resolution is growing
very bitter. Wellington, (Rep.) of
Maryland, in his maiden speech made
a vigorous one against tho resolu
tion, and a plea for its reference to the
Committee on Foreign Relations, lie
went on to say that the American peo
ple were more interested in tho tariff
and currency bills than Cuba, etc.
Next, Daniel, of Virginia, made a vig
orous Cuban speech and the Senate at
0 o'clock went into executive bessiou
nnd at i0::ii) adjourned.
Ti'ksdav. Cuba again occupied the
foreground in tho Senate to-day. It
drew large crowds to the galleries, and
In ought two notable speeches by Mr.
Mason, of Illinois, in favor of the Mor
gan resolution, and Mr. hoar, of Mass
achusetts, in oppositioti to it. The llli-
' S'p'i t ;r pict:. d 1 fervid terms
the distress iu Cuba, dwelling particu
larly on the starving condition of tsoo
United States citizens, as reported by
the President, nnd called upon tljo Sen
ate to throw oil its lethargy aud pass
the Morgati resolution. Dining tho
day a number of bills were passed,
among thein one appropriating ff-J.'i.fXHI
to Richmond College, Richmond, Va ,
for war losses. The Cuban discussion
continued till 4:4"i o'clock, when Bur
rows yielded the lloor for executive
session, saving ho would go on to
morrow. Wf.iixkshav-A stirring debnto on Cuba
occurred in tho Senate today. It was of
the "give and take"' order, with sharp
parliamentary fencing. The main
speeches of the day were made by Sen
ators Foraker of Ohio, Cannon of Utah,
Lindsay of Kentucky, and Hoar ot
Massachusetts. It was the first speech
of 11113 length made by Mr. Foraker
since ho entered the Senate and iu ad
dition to this the Ohio Senator is one
of the Cuban sub-committee 011 for
eign relations. Ho spoke iu favor of
a reference of the Cuban resoltion to
the committee but on the general ques
tion declared his purpose of supporting
the resolution recognizing Cuban be
ligercncy when it should be reported by
the committee. Mr. Cannon was bitter
in his denunciation of Spanish atroci
ties, characterizing the captain gcnerul
of Cuba as "thut mad dog, Weyler."
The debate occupied the entire day,
Thurston, of Nebraska, giving notice
that he would speak tomorrow. At i
o'clock the Senate adjourned.
Tiii iisiav. The long and exciting
debate on the joint resolution recogniz
ing the existence of a state of war in
Cuba, declaring that strict neutrality
shall be maintained by the United
States, p.tsse.l tho Senate by the decis
ive vote of 41 to 14, at a late hour this
aftereoon. I he announcement of tho
vote was received with tumultuous ap
plause, w hich drew from Senator Haw
ley an emphatic piot.-ht against "mob
demonstration." Tho resolution as
passed is as follows: "Resolved, etc .
That a condition of public war exists
between the government of Spain and
the government proclaimed and for
some time maintained by force of arms
bv Ihe people of Cuba, and that the
i'nited States of America shall main
tain a strict neutrality between the con
tending parties, according tit each, all
the rights of belligerents iu the ports
and territory of the United States."
Tju'Rsdav- Cuban affairs furnished
the House with a day of bitter partisan
debate. The S nate resolution appro
priating .",(, O lit for the relief of Ameri
can citizens was adopted w ithout a dis
senting vote, but the Democrats en
deavored to force consideration also of
the Morgan M-uolutioii for recognition
of the btlligt r.riiry of the insurgents.
'1 hey accused th" Republicans of 1 11
deavoring to evade this issue, but the
dominant party, through its spokes
man, Mr. Hitt. made the important
statement that the Republicans ile'ire.l
hot to embarrass negotiations which
were being projected by President Mc
Kinley to seen ic im Icpendeijce for Cuba
'I he Ilou-e h . :,::!! p. m. adjourned un
An I'nj!!-!i publisher writes to the
Iomlou Times, a.-k!ng: "Are we in th
in!. 1st of an epidemic of bad spelling:"
He says thr.t the number of people who
write misepel'e.l letters and offer re
publication m!.-s;.ci:cl worL.s of lieth.n
seems to be steadily on ilie Im-rca -.
A:i author of Scottish name an I fame,
in an ep'.s-le to the pubiis-her, discusses
a -fi-';ii:ispiece" for hl.s n.-xt Ixxik, aud
hopes that the London man will "ex-
, ,1 p, my request," while In the nam.
mail from another literary light corner
an offer of "a story of in-r-.igii'-s and
a,' ventures." Curiously enough, tlii.
c.':-itioiH person commits in his own let
ter the very fin he criticises in others.
..j mnri'cfitiou ends In thes
words: "For Die iuf.t twenty years I
! have had thousands of l-tters n year
1 from more or less educated people, and
i 1 am struck with the prevalence isio
j oi badly spelled letters of late.-