North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
prints . the . Uews
: JOB PRINTING
s T Q
Marion. W. C.
ldit nfter by the peo-
I' veil 1'idwt, Bun-
itititiii !a Western
;i r i K,a. ami U there-
I;,:.. f.,n.W 1 on application.
' ' "i h'k mkssenoeb.
Uarlon, N. O.
rromptnr., Accuraoy, NnaliiM
tni Oooil Stock Guaranteed.
Letter Ileads, Note Dead, Bill Head,
Euvelojw-t, Circular, Carda, Poa- J
VOL. IL NO. 2(.
MARION, X C, FRIDAY, OCTOHKil 22. 181)7.
Price l Per Year, in Advance.
M. Printing. 2
t.f Agriculture ln.au
; Work for Pure Food.
r : GLEY BILL
I ; i l -r tin- New I urlll'--.ov-Id
v Dinks McKlnly to
!.t of Agriculture is in
ri. w !ii h must lie of
,i- euple of tlie comi
ng an examination into
i of foods and drugs,
i un alarming extent m
i v. hi.-li by the very
- ;:. i 1 1 o detrimental
',;" ! 111 H i king
i.t i!i nuitaii says; It
'' I th;;t adultcri tiou,
.ii::tti-n mid mi.sbrand
ii 1 1 i liquors exist
et'-nt. Many of til)
t - - i la.vs to prevent
vi r. is very desirable
f lav. have lieeu e:i
v, hat results. As tlio
largely mti re-ted in
ado-d., I:e,litll, morals,
tin i.-, it is thought
li.e c;i-opellltiou of
- ii :- 114- accurate
..- M:h,cet. The pllbli-.-
i . 1 1 ui- t fi r inloriiiu--t.
I" I furnished the
I mii! direct to the
i nj t In; department of
:i a '. I rohabi ! i ty secure
! , .i' liable data which
- s i : n i er!y cai ry-
. :..i matter e:i,i in:
ice to tin; .,., of tilt!
all thii! of th,; t ient
! t it-.- a inil. i .it loll of
soi.i 1 in 111. i lake the
. our en (,: rmi :oti in
'ti beiioa-ed. Pleas
. t mi :i t Mm ily desires
i . f ;:'i'ist ics luis issue.!
: ! !e c oi ts :t:nl imports
t ii: si I'uU month under
ii ; n'V 11m 'i H It' s :- hoW
. ; i t ho largest exports of
hati-ll -c oi ;.i:y 11 U t ill
..t I::.- u'n-.i'i!i'in Hi ThecX
, '.1 .:: '. ;.:.niM Siili.ijs..,.
- 1 -.' i. i ortlit- tirst eight
' . i .if ! he t i ort -i were
e ess of the lost collt
. s.) that th-- Imre.iii olli-
Shut 1 he e ort s this yea.:'
.I t l.o-c i f la i car. w Inch
l r. o.i l-bieai.l r- year ill the
v ; ni ts. The mue of all lu
ll :c and free L.r August was
'. i I which .-o '. ii'.".', ("i lu.,v
-e figures show a decrease of
.-.;.', imimi'i.i below those of IV"'.
i l it as.; was ilu.. tu a heavy reduo
:i the unpin tation of raw wool
ilecreaseil finiu I, ii"; I , oou poiunls
list he-t year, to s; r.i 7 "iin.s
..iist, mail nla.-t n i (si t.i.'i fio...
,- ' to Sii::;i,(Mii; uun.l ;m, matin--
thereof fro:.! ::.;::,. m to
in tiiufactnres of c.ittoit from
. t. -i. ii i;iiinn;il.i.'tiues of
hemp, etc , f rum S'.', 1 Jiii.'l to
'. ii.. n am! si.-el from l,?i;i'.,ot;r
..-il, iiii.l sugars fioiu ."),:! i'l.oiii
'tary I iolifr lniB lnii'le puhlie tlie
of tht Hpeciul naval hoaril
! with the duty of reportiu
! !,. i xt. nt of the repairs needed
1 n-s' iit wooden dry docks, live
1 i'cr. viz: tun ut New York, one
i Inland, one at Norfolk and
1 Pert Ihnai. S. ('. . he fitted with
tc lilranct's, in j liice of thoso of
:. anl that other a! It1" atioii. eon
: t tij mi this ehali'0 ho made as
I in the report, mainly in the di
:i of -tiluri; iiiir til"- capacity of the
ami of makiiiir repairs ot .smdi a
h . to look to the gradual tratis
: i n of tic docks into solid coii-
K - of f ui i eapa.-ip . J he esti
i c.i-t of thest! reoilirs is ill. out
1 ' eacii.
Secretary Spunldiiiir says that
'.i ury I e art meiit v l 1 n peal to
its from the decision of tlio
ai In. anl of appraisern in New
:.o.::ii:; that the !iiij,'ley taritl"
: ! i.oi u-o into elle. t Ulitl! th.o
. '.ii iit it was sinned. I'lio I e
i '.' -I.ii maintains that the law
r.i'ive from the prior midnight
i it u as signed.
.::! aliout Tom Moore's name
. . ::!.. 1 from the roll of puds in
. . ;i tiie v. nils (if the new Con
i.:ti I.ihrary Inis developed the
d. u e u rote a numlicr of lut-
:; iiainst A n, erica w hiie m this
;. -it McKinley hus decided the
!us trip t( ( 'hio. l!o wiil a--:
a it airs so as to he in (uatoti
i"ii day, and tlio next day wiil
itt-ditu-f; to he present at the
'f tlio t arnoie I'uhlio l.i-
oatalor Praperhns seemed from
. a:i Kl'aiidoiinient of the order re
Mliat a 'sanitary certificate, of
; Vinerit'Hti meat importations
: ii vised ly the Italian ooustll ut
' ' 'iiipment.
" 'i.i v WiNon. of tlio A-rrieulturnl
' t. is making arrangements
' e the work of purchasing for
i ! i dtstrilmtum Ivy the de-
-i ii'.ler new p.istal cards will oar-
:.. a i of .Imin Adams.
:ytiU. I!. Katnsey lias been np
' ' iiief tf the spet-ilication divis
;. t loveruineiit Printing Ottice,
' 'yster, uhoousted Pianisev
ii ecte.l that lotion money or
i'ii'ts will l.e created during
:.t !ica! year.
1 1 'i.her term .f the I'uited
! reme Court heeun last Mon-
of American bicycles have
i largely in Switzerland.
i i handise in bond at the end
-t. ii'T. was hut $!S,.V:.tMi,
'JTH.itiMt at the corresiHvnding
' l' i' Thurston. who has beeu cam
r 1 in ( hio. says he noaroely ever
""' si'ver mentioned.
i' s:dnt has appointed (eo. 11.
"ii. of New Jersey, to be iuin-
1'iiy, at Am 03-. China, reports
ie plague x abating.
TOLD IN A PARAGRAPH.
A. K. W.-.r.P neenueil nf ninLoilir
',m ui, is on trial at .Memphis, Tenn"
The miners' strike in Hell County,
ivy., is over and the men has returned
S. V. Venable, of the Venable To
hiteeo Co., died in Petersburg, Va.,
aued ?:; j-ears.
'I he State f Virginia will receive
.-'ItH.'iMi as collateral inheritance tax
on tin- ( ; inter estate.
in North Carolina two railroads are
contemplated from La Irane, one to
I .Snow Hill ami ,,ne to Seven Springs.
At l)i:rham, N. C, the store of '. S.
aiiuni was entered by burglars and
the safe blown open and r?lw stolen.
Mi-s Atkinson, of West Virginia. nays
:f -he is convicted she will not accept a
I anion from the (iovernor, her hus
band. A portion of the business arc of
' tisvlhe, S. C., has been bn- ,.-d
I sttmated loss, tfi.l.UoU; lnsuiauce,
Hoke Smith has betn eleete.l presi
dent of the board of education of At
lanta to succeed .Judge Howard Van
I. pps, lesi-ned.
I'asf Hanover Presbytery, at its meet
ing at Purkville. Va., declines to rec
ojiiize the Women's Christian Temper
ance I !lio!l.
"i'ad'' Meiner has confessed the de
ta'is of an assault 011 .Mrs. (ileasonat
Nowpfirt, J v. , imnlicating ten other
1 t r-ous.
Irs. .lames Thomas, of liiehmond,
a. , mi elderly w oman of lai L'o wealth,
fell down a stairway at Asheville, N. C. ,
and w as killed.
T. 1'. Matthews was assassinated at
his home in Copiah county, .Miss., by
John Pom-, the tragedy being the out
come of a political feuil.
President .John A. Cunningham,
P. 1 1. I.. i resident of the State 1- emale
Norma! '.-chool, at I'armville, Va., is
dea l ; a-: red V.' years.
Th.-; will of the late Lewis Cinteehas
been priil at. d at Piehmoiid, Va. 1 he
estate is valued at betwwen ??T,0tH),uo;i
an I S.uo.i, 1 in' 1.
Aliss Jeaiiftte Pradlev. a .society
bel'.. of Kichmond. 'a , fell oil" of Wal
ter l. Tyler's yacht, and was drowned
in the Papphhaunock river.
A landslide canie very near wreekiuir
the Southern vestibule of the Southern
Pailwav Hour Charlottesville, 'a. The
pilot of the engine was smashed.
Hon. ( h is. ". Jones, former United
States Senator from Plotidu, died at
I 'etroit. .Mich., aftei a sickness of sev
eral weeks, Jiis rt.mu'.i.s were taken to
Peu-aeohl for interment.
At Kaleiuh, N. C. , a young railroad
mini, Al V.alsnn, in ii lit of drunken
ness !hot his wife nfter quarreling
wiih her, and then killed himself, lli-i
w;f.- has a slight chance for life.
Sister ( lonzaga. the oldest Sister of
Charitv-, died at Philadelphia, l'a.
County Treasurer lloldeti.of (foshen,
I nd. , is said to bo short Sio,o:io in his
Trouble is beiug experienced at Al
ton, II! , in enforcing the color line in
the public .-.chools.
John Jacob A.stor, Jr.. wiil havebuilt
a summer residenc: in ( ireeuw ich.
Conn., to cost .-..! 1 0,0(10.
A roll of bank lulls, worth Sill, left
in a bam by J'ariuer llandall, of I slip,
N. Y. , was devoured by a hungrv- horse.
Paltimore w ins the Temple Cud again
in the National Paseball Lea2fU(,
makiiii; them winners twice in succes
(leorge Hallux k, clerk at John Wan
amaker's store in New York, is under
arrest for sttainiu' .-sl.-.''i 10 worth of
M.rs. Mary 1 evine and others, of Al
ton, lib, have sued the State, claiming
.'.'.", i'! for the life of .Vrs. I )evine's son,
w ho w a" hanged for nun 'er twL'lve3-ears
A four-foot w ater main burst on Mad
ison avenue. New York, and consider
able damage was wrought. Ten million
gallons of water swept dowu t lie
David l.eftus. of P.verett, fass.,
while on his way to Ireland stopped in
New York with ..!,o,i i( and after a
night's wanderings w oke up w ith only
Th.e Menonnites m e to found a colon v
near IKiuston, I'ex., purt-haing an im
mense farm, to bo colonized by ail the
Me'ioti'iiii's now scattered throughout
The I 'exter park pavillioti in Chicago,
in hieh were .".eo horses, and a huge
number i f other buildings has been
bullied; one man and many of the
horses were burned to death.
At Cleveland, Ohio. J. J. Shipherd
lias been arrested on a charge of em
be ling nearly S-.'oo.d ui from 1'. D.
Pohiiisou and a receiver has been asked
for his firm, which is alleged to be in
solvent and ow ing s-.P0i!.tii!;i.
Fire, supposed to have been started
by trumps, destroyed the stock barn of
Purgess I'rothers, at inoua, 111.
'1 li i i t v horses, many of which ha I
taken premiums at State fairs, at
Sprinef.el l. were de-troyed. The loss
is .-.o. 1 011. w ith insurance on the barn
The Spanish cabinet decides to recall
Weyler froniCr,bi; a decree will be
signed appointing Captain General
P.laneo Y. Arenas governor genera!.
Weyler denies that he will resist re
moval from his command.
The dead heroes of the Uuena Vista
battlefield, where is.o.hi American vol
unteers under General Zachary Taylor
defeated .M.inh) Mexicans under Santa
Anna nfter a desperate and bloodv
battle. lie iu a neglected and unmarked
spot near Snlf.llo, Mexico.
Fruit is going to waste in California
orchards because the growers cannot
get men to pick it. Yet the State is
overrun with tramps.
Pishop MoKin. Fpiseopal prelate of
Tokio, said a' San Francisco, that ."(..
(loo of the P"io,eoo Japanese converts are
Commander Hooth-Tucker is arrang
ing to locate, l.i'i'" families at the Sal
vation Armv colony in the Arkansas
A Philadelphia merchant is in Ruu
oombe county. North Carolina buving
chestnuts. They sill at "0 per
It is predieied that the Treasury fig
ures for October will show a deficit of
William C. Dechor. of South Caro
lina, has been appointed cor.sul-f agent
at Markueukircln : f
North Carolina Leads in the Decline
With 17 Points.
THE AVERAGE 70 PER CENT.
j In the ;raln Report Corn Shows a
j Falling Oil', lleing 77-Oats and
j Uye Increase.
J ne cotton returns to the Department
i or Agriculture indicate an average con
j diuon on Ootob'jr I of To. o aa compared
with r.: on September 1, a decrease cf
i :i points. The average condition Oc
j tober 1, 1 :!).;, was )iu. T and the average
; condition on October 1, for the last ten
j vears is 74. ',. 'lhere has been a further
j decline more or less marked, in every
coUon-prodiicing State, the decline in
North Carolina beiug IT points; in Ten
r.essee i points; in South Carolina,
Georgia, 1'lorida and Arkansas lo, in
the Indiaa Territory M, in Alabama,
Mississippi and .Missouri 7; in Louisi
ana and l'exiitf , and in Oklahoma o
i lorida is the only State in which tho
decline is not attributed wholly or in a
large part to the long continued
drought. The complaints of "no top
crop,' or of an exeoptioualh- small ne,
are almost universal, and the report
of small bolls and short staple are verv
niiUi. rous. The only favorable reports
are those w hich relate to the conditions
for picking which are in the main ev
erything that could be desired.
The averages b y States aro as fol
lows: Virginia, To", North Carolina, 7;
South Carolina. 7J; Georgia, 7(; Flor
ida, 7C; Alabuiia, 7": Mississippi, 74;
Louisiana, 7'.'; Texas, Ii4; Arkansas, C.7;
J ennessee, ti"i; Missouri, 74;Oklahoma.
aO; Indian Territory, 8.
The irah( Ueport.
The October report of the statist iean
i'f the Department of Agriculture shows
that the condition of com en October 1
was 77, as compared w ith 7:'. on Sep
tember 1, with !i. I..", on October 1, 1.ni,
and s-j.-., the average for the last ten
years. There has been an improve
ment during the month of t; points in
Maryland and ! in Iow a. On the other
hand, there has beeu n decline of .'
points in Kansas, (i in Nebraska, in
Ohio, : iu Illinois, 1 in Missouri and a
general decline in tho Southern States.
The preliminary estimate of tho yield
per acre of oats is 1 bushels, an in
crease of :;. s bushels per acre over the
October estimate of last .year. The
principal increase is west of the Mis
Hissippi river, Missouri, Nebraska and
Kansas showing an increase of ti. VZ and
PI bushels per acre over last 3-ear. The
average for quality is s7. i;
The preliminary estimate of the 3-iehl
per acre of rye is lii. I bushels or :.H
bushels per acre greater than tho Octo
ber estimate of tho crop if Is ic. The
principal r.ve-produeing States all show
increases as follows: New York, 4;
Penusylv auia, .; ; Michigan, C; Wiscon
sin, 1; Kansas, 7 bushels j er acre over
last year. Tha average for quality is
'.'J. 7 as compared with S.t.'.i in 'ctober
last year. In New York and Pennsyl
vania it is and .'1 ) oints, respectively,
and in Illinois, Iowa and Nebraska it is
I. Vl ami i points 1 e-pective!
i;x I KM 017 ill; KAIN.
The llackl'one ot" t lie Kong, Trying
lry Spell Broken
A special from Memphis, Tenn. , sav-s
reports from the Central and Southern
States say the backbone of the long,
trying dry spell has been throrugh'.y
broken. The rain which fell in Mem
phis tin Monday, was the tirst which
had fallen in six weeks, and dire eon
sequences had already resulted from
the draught, with worse to follow if
relief did not come. Tho iains were
very general, being spread over a large
proportion of the territory most iu need
of it. i hroiirhout the entire Missis
sippi Valley rains have fallen. Texas,
Oklahoma and the entire region south
of the Ohio have been treated to grate
ful showers. Tho heaviest rain fell iu
Senator George's Successor.
J acksou, Miss. (Special. ) Governor
M-l.auren, of Mississippi, has appoint
ed Senator-elect Hernando de Soto
Moiu v-, as I'uited States Senator to fill
the vacancy caused by the death of the
late Senator J. 'A. George, whose term
expires in 1 ::. Senator George, bo
fore his death, having declined lo again
become a candidate for the high ollice,
1111 election for tho regular term was
necessary, and tho last Legislature after
a long debate, elected Mr. Money lor
the leguhir term beginning in 1.is.
;i cat Labor St riiie in I. .union.
London.- lVy Cable) The secretary
of the Federal States, comprising
thirty importaut industries, announces
that tho executive committee has defi
nitely deeided to call out all its mem
bers, in sympathy with tho struggle of
the engineers against their employers.
It is estimated that a total of 4oO,OuO
men will be out of work on account of
the great labor dispute.
I.ee 011 II is Way to Cuba.
General Fitzhugh Lee, Consul Gen
ral to Havana, is in W ashington. It
has beeu generally understood that
General Lee was to return to Havana
about the middle of October, and his
return to the capital at this tune pre
sumably is for the purpose of receiving
his tiual instructions from the l'resi
cent before sailing for his post.
True Hills Against Hank OITloials.
At Lynchburg, Va. . the grand jury
finds three indictments against James
Hancock, president: P.. L. Hughes,
vice president: W. 1. Roberts, direc
tor, and T. K. Council, acting casnier,
for receiving deposits, knowing the
Traders' Fauk to 1 0 insolvent at the
Ii-eilel by One Vote.
At a local election in Atlanta, Ga. , a
sitigle vote decided the contest in one
of the wards, thus controlling the City
Kolling Mill Uesunies Work.
The Horseshoe Rolling Mill, cf tne
Old Dominion Iron and Nail Works at
Richmond. Va. , has resumed work.
This portion of the Old Dominion plant
has been idle since last Ma3'. The
llorsehoe mill and factory give emplo3"
inent to about luo hands.
To He Docked at Port Koyal.
The Secretary of the Navy Las or
dered the first class battleship Maine to
be docked at the Government dr y dock
at Port Royal, S. C. This is tiie :':rt
time the Fort Ro-al dock has been used
since the Indiana was docked theye
about two years ajo,
mtOrGHT CALLS A HALT
9 stribution of Merchandise In tha
West Is Delayed.
Rradstreet's commercial report on
.he past week, says: Distribution of
jeneral merchandise in the West and
S'orthwest 13 further checked, owing
x the prolonged drouth in Kentucky,
llinois, portions of Missouri, Iowa,
Minnesota, Nebraska and the Dakotas.
Telegraphic advices to Rradstreet re
port serious damage in Kansas and
arts of Nebraska and Iowa, where
iai l y planted wheat is up and budding
.nit, that planted later is not likely to
sprout. Fall plowing is now impossible,
six weeks without rain havingdried up
pastures and compelled farmers to
feed stock. Manufacturing industries
.hroughout the Central West, particu
larly iron and steel, continue active,
ind there is au increasing tendency on
iho part of the interior merchants to re
mit promptly. While the volume of
uade has decreased at Chicago, it is
ihead of the like record in recent j'ears.
I'here is a moderate improvement in
b'' ines in 4ho South, Alabama hivii'g
raised the quarantine against Georgia
?ities, j.ud Central and Northern Texas
j.oints having resumed commercial re
lations with Galveston.
i ia iteis continue to hold ootton,
which delays collections. Higher prices
:his week are reported lor cotton, which
aas been decliuing for some time. Coal
ind clothing, in sympath.y with wool
'or naval stores, under heavy purchases
iy larger traders; wheat, wheat flour
n.l eggs, print cloths, lard, beef aud
sugar have declined. Hides are weaker,
lead is lower aud Kessemer pig has sold
jtl'.")(,'e. a ton under heavy speculative
jtl'eriugs, notwithstanding the iron and
ste.-i markets as a whole remain active
i.xpoi ts of wheat (fiour included as
wheat) from both coasts of the United
Mates and Canada show a heavy
falling oft', aggregating only 4,-W,(541
bushels, against a,-S:i4,0(0 bushels last
week, but compared with 4,r),0)0
bushels in the week a 3-ear ago,L,,',M4,0iH)
bushels in Iti'.i.'i, ll.odT.UOU bushels in
Corn exports also show a heavy drop,
aggregating only 2.1WD00 bushels,
against 2, lUIHJO bushels last week, 2,
7i J,0')u bushels in the week a j-ear ago,
l,:i'i7, Odd bushels in lS'.Ci, ltU.L'OO bush
els in is-.il, and 1,01,00'J bushels in
There are 2;57 business failures re
ported throughout the United States,
compared with 1!) last week, 280 in the
week a year ago, and as compared with
1M in the first week of October, 1K5.
KOU SKVKN WEKKS.
No Kain Has Fallen and Man and
A special from Tuscumbia, Ala.,
mys: Not a drop of raiu has fallen in
this section within the past seven
weeks, and but for the big spring here,
from which the farmers and others for
miles around Tuscumbia procure water,
the suffering would be great. Tho
spriug flows over seventeen thousand
cubic feet per minute, is inexhaustible
and is proving a blessing to man aud
Fully aO per cent, of tho cisterns and
wells in this vicinhy aio ui v aud have
been for several weeks, anil all vegeta
tion has long since been parched and
Great Dismal Swamp Ablae.
Forest fires have again broken out in
the great Dismal Swamp, and millions
of feet of valuable timber have been de
stroyed. The big game which abounds
in the swamp has been driven into tho
open b.y the flames, and many deer and
bears have been t-hot. The farmers
w ho allowed their cattle to roam have
sintered heavily, as many valuable
animals have perished. It is almost
impossible to subdue the flames, as
the forest is dry as tinder, the result
of tho long-continued drought.
Yellow Fever Situation.
Official report of the board of health
at New ( i leans up to the Hth: Cases of
yellow fever ;!": deaths 0; cases to date
I hi; deaths to date f0; recovered 222;
under treatment, 202. At "Mobile, Ala.:
Total cases to date 114; deaths is; re
coveries r.2, remaining under treatment
;I4. At I'd wards. Miss.: Total cases
to date 40C; total death 20. At Biloxi,
Miss. : Casei to date 2iH; deaths to date
12. Dr. Guiteras reports S cases at
Galveston, Tex., but it is of a mild
Cuba Will Not Accept Autonomy.
Thomas Fstrada Talma, head of the
Cuban junta in New York, in a signed
statement telegraphed to the Atlanta
Journal, declares that Cuba will not
accept autonomy from Spain. He
states that he reilects the unanimous
opinion of the Cuban goueals and gov
ernment when ho says that the only
solution is their independence.
Took a Smoke on the Scaflold.
At Monroe, La., Fat Faine, the wife
murderer, was hanged privately in the
jail yard. He asserted his innocence to
the last, was perfectly cool and col
lected, and drank a glass of eggnog and
smoked a cigar on the scaflold. Hia
neck was instantlv- broken.
Kentucky Tobacco Crop.
Commissioner of Agriculture Moore,
of Kentucky, in his monthly report,
says that the tobacco crop has been cut
short I', per cent, as a result of the
drouth in Kentucky. The corn crop is
also badly damaged. Hogs are re
ported d3'ing in many counties for want
Hay and Farm Ruildings Destroyed.
A disastrous fire is raging in the Kan
hakee Marsh, twelve miles south of
Crown Point, Ind. The flames have
spread over twentj- sections of land and
'honsands of tons of ha3 and many
farm buildings Lave been destroyed.
Charlotte's New Postmaster.
The President has appointed W. H.
Sinythe postmaster at Atlanta, Ga.,
aud.T. W. Mullen at Charlotte, X, C.
Not Gulteau's Pistol.
The pistol the Washington police
have and claim it is the one with
which Guiteau shot Garfield does not
answer the description of the pistol
1', K. Studebaker Dead.
P. E. Studebaker, of South Bend,
Ind., the famous wagon maker, died at
the Sanitarium at Alma, Mich., of heart
An effort is being made to enforce
the Illinois "AcF : rust" law passed in
i People With Shot Guns Prevent.
Trains From Stopping
OUTSIDE OF THE BIG CITIES.
People Leaving Houston, Tex., and
Schools Are Closed The Situation
at Other Points.
A special from Austin, Texas says:
The most serious situation now con
fronting the people of Texas is the al
most complete blockade of travel,
owing to the yellow fever scare. Many
trains on all the principal lines have
been abandoned, aud local lines have
stopped running entirely. Roth divi-t-'o
of the Houston and ToTns Cen
tral and the Southern Paeiuc are tied
up most effectually, not awheel moving
save in the extreme northern portion of
the State. Kvery small town in the
State is rapidly organizing shot-gun
quarantines, so that the trains cannot
stop except at the big cities. Tho sit
uation in the entire State is highly
rauickj-, and the feeling is one of
growing alarm and apprehension. Un
less the situation is soon relieved, the
entire southern and central portions of
the State will be practically without
any railroad facilities, as all traius will
t'p to the 12th eleven cases of fever
has been reported from Galveston, Tex
as, but the disease is mild ami no deaths
are reported. The situation is hop.-ful.
The total cases to date, the I'-th, at
Mobile, Ala., are 12!; deaths '."i; dis
charged 72; under treatment :i7.
The Houston, Texas, schools have
been closed and trains are going out
tilled with people.
At New Orleans, I.a , rich people uro
falling victims of the fever ami the red
and yellow flags are flying on Lc-hi .lia
ble avenues. I he situation is still bad,
but the death rate is light.
The board of health report at fuloxi,
Miss., is: Yellow fever under treatment
71); new cases 12; deaths, none.
KOIJI5KHS tih.T $'JOO.
The Cannon Hall Train Held Up Near
"Within twelve miles of the corporate
limits of Austin, Texas, thesouthbound
cannon ball train on the International
and Great Northern, consisting of mail,
baggage and express oars and three
coaches loaded with passengers, vns
held up l3- four men and robbed, 'i ho
conductor of the train, Tom Heal v. v. us
shot by the robbers while resisting
them, but not seriously wounded. ( d.e
of the passengers had his shirt coil. '
carried away by a pistol bullet v. hi.-ii
was aimed at his neck, ami another re
ceived a bullet wound iutho hand. 'I ho
passengers were robbed of about .c-.'ii '
in money. The bandits attempted to
rille the sale in the express car, but
j Oiler Half of the Crop to ;t t Hie
J Picking Done.
A Ferry, Okla., dispatch says: Okla
homa farmers are making great eiVurts
to get cotton pickers. In ouo county
alone the farmers are asking for a, ),
pickers. Cotton will make abalet ...o
acr in many places. Although nearly
all is open, but little has been picked.
Kight.y Sac and Fox Italians have been
induced to go into the cotton fields, and
one chief lias become an expert, and
picks :;00 pounds a da;-, thus making
from &2 to .J. but it takes all five i f the
squaws to pick that much. Mauyofthe
farmers are offering half of the product
of the field to get the picking done.
ASIIEVILLK HANK (iOKs I'NDKIC
The Western Carolina I5:ink Has
t losed Its Doors.
The Western Carolina bank, of Ashe
ville, X. C, has closed its doors.
Failure to collect is said to be tho
trouble. This bank was oiganizel
about live j-ears ago with a 1 aid up
capital of $";(), 000. Mr. Louis Maddux
is president and Mr. M. J. Rcardeu
vice-president and cashier.
The last statement made L3- th Wes
tern Carolina bank was as follows;
Capital stock paid in .-?.:(,(!00; surplus,
f2.),ooo; no undivided profits; deposits,
ir 1 7.), 000 ; loan s, 20, 00. .
Told to Hold Their Cotto-i
A Columbia, S. C. , dispatch says:
The officers of the Farmers' Alliance in
this State and North Carolina are send
ing out circular letters advising cotton
growers to hold their cotton, as the
price is bound to rise before the end cf
tho month. The same position is being
taken by the cotton manufacturers of
the South. Lately a considerable per
centage of the mills began running on
extra time, and some on double time
on account of the heavy orders being
Virginia Coup m Hond Case.
The Supreme Court at Washington,
D. C, re-assigned the case of McCul
lough vs. State of Virginia, fixing the
date for hearing on the first Monday in
January, after other cases set for that
day as disposed of. The case dta's
with the validity of the coupon con
tracts of the State in the bond issues
of 171 and !7!.
Killed Himself in Atlanta.
Dr. J. T. Monroe, of Union. S. C.,
committed suicide in Atlanta. Ga. . by
cutting his jugular vein with a small
pocket knife. Dr. ?.Ionroe was one of
the most prominent jdivsicians in his
section, but for several years had been
the victim of both morphine and whis
McKinley Touches tin- H.ittoii.
President McKinley toij' he-1 a tele
graph key at the Whit-. iiou-e an 1
I opened the semi-centenu'a! celebration
of the incorporation of New Feuford.
Cuba Will Not Accept Autonomy.
Thomas Fstrada Raima, heal of the
Cuban junta in New York. 111 a sigmd
-"U-muut telegraphed to tho Atlanta
Journal, declares that Cuba will not
accept autonomy from Spain,
states that he reflects the unauiiiiun-t
opinion of the Cuban gene-als and gov
ernment when he says that the only
solutiia is their iudepender.ee.
1 dmcons. aa' i. "ii.u imui-iu:.. .-
1 studs vou wear." "Well, you know
I . , ... 1. r.,. ....a,.. ,., to.'i
IHII toil.Jt.ies .-o 1. x-
up with them if it tak'
elate." Chicago Record.
Mav Wrcl in t-'irliU. I
May weed is not a kind of weed that
seriously t.ou'ilos the careful fanner, i
It mainly comes iu 0:1 hard, trodden !
places by road sides, w here if anything
else starts to grow it is crushed out. ,
Tiie may weed, not being so easily
killed, survives. May weed cannot
thrive where there is an undisturbed
and thrifty growth of clover, but let
the (lover bo trampled in the mire by
stock, and the 111113- weed wiil bo ready
to Trow and take the vacant place. It
i - . ten s--:i, ;-.si,h froi-i re-.-1-sidos,
at the entrance to pasture lot-,
where 'l.-ver mil the grasses are
-trampled to death by stock.
Milk fever is a disease to be dread
ed by tho man who has lirst-e!as
dairy co. vs, an 1 who feeds and cares
for them in such a manner as tu make
them largo producers. Th- man with
scrub cows, that have to rustle for
themselves during the winter round
the straw stack, never s tillers from loss
by milk fever when his cows come i:i
in the sining. It is true he gets no
profit out of his cows, and ho rarely
gets product enough from them to pay
for the little feed and caro Ihe-y do
have. Rut he can, and does, console
himself by saying he never has milk
fever with his cows like those men do
who "stull'and pamper and balcy their
We have lost, within the ptist fifteen
years, several valuable cows with this
disease. We think we now know how
to prevent. A heifer with her first
calf never has it and very rarely wilh
the second calf. A cow that is milked
continuously right up to calving is not
liable to have milk fever, at lea -t wo
have never known one to. We hesi
tated to write that last sentence for
fear some one would accuse us of ad
vocating continuous milking. That
we do not, but still feel bound to state
that fact. A cow that is starved, or
fed just enough to live on, will never
have milk fever.
no way is to drj- tho cow up six or
oi;;iit weeks before she is due to calve
(unless she is such a persistent milker
a-i to make that iiiipra'-i i.-able) ; ut the
same time reduce her feed by taking
nearly, if not quite ai!, the grain from
her. Her bowels should be kept loose.
If the ('" is i;i flush pasture, and she
is on,- you have reason to believe like
ly to have milk fever, the only safe
w ay to do is lo keep her upon drj- feed.
Wo know it is hard for the man who
lias been in the habit of "babying"
and petting his cows and feeding them
t ) their full capacitv- to refuse tuem all
tiit'3- want to eat, but it is the only
sale wa3 to do with some of them.
Atieraeow has h I milk fever once
she is more liable than otlo r cows to
have it again, and if she does havo it
a second time she will bo always most
sure to die. Hoard's Dai Ionian.
The Pit; ami I lie r !iar.l.
The two go together well. The pig
stirs up the soil about the trees, let
ting in the sunshine and moh uiro to
ths roots and fertilizing them, while
devouring many grubs that would
otherwise prey upon the fruit. Rut
many orchards cannot bo fenced and
lnan v owners of fenced orchards, even,
would like to have tho pig confine
his efforts around the trunk "f each
t "oo. To secure this have four fence
panels made and yard a pig for a short
time in sue.' 0! ion ah ut each tree, as
suggested in the diagram.
Poultry in On-linnl'.
Mr. Tocretmcier, the famous Fmlish
nuthoritv' on poiiltrv-, in commenting
on a report of the Rhode Island Ex
periment Station regarding the value
of fowls to orchard", says: "For luaiiv
Tears I have alvoiTte 1 the introduc
tion of poult rj into apple orchards,
maintaining that the3- do good service,
in two ,ery distinct modes first, 1.3
manuring tiie gro.ind, and, secondly,
by the destruction of insects and
grubs that hibernate in the soil."
The apple maggot appears t-j be ex
tending iu America, attacking the fa
vorite Raid in, which is so well known
as being imported largely into this
count. -v, and rendering it entirely un
lit for 11-0, but the spraying the trees
with Rordeaux mixture and Paris
green has appeared to prevent all seri
ous attacks of this insect.
In tho mature state this insect is a
fly, which deposits its eggs iu the pulp
of the apple beneath the skin. The
young maggots grow within the fruit,
which they render worthless, and
when mature emerge from the apple
and go into the ground, lying in the
pupa state beneath tho surface soil
among the grass roots. Samples t.f
the eaith. six inches s.pmre. were
taken, and the number of maggot un
der the trees varied, according "to the
size, from D'.oO t" more than 12. !0'l
under each tree; the pupa somewhat
resembles kernels of wheat. Now
comes the point w hich w as particular'
interesting to me. The experiment
was tried as to whether poultrj'. if
c n fined to a small ra:.ge aud encour
aged to scratch, would il.-ti-ny tln-i-pupa.
A large movable wire fence
was placed a1, .tit a tree, who-e fruit
Lad been de-troyed by ii.se t-. One
si ie of the fence was rai-ed and fifty
liens were called into the em-b.-'ii e.
The f.-nce was let down and they were
confined to the spat e around the tree.
As soon as they Lad eaten the cor:,
they naturally began to set arch fo.
pui a. and iu the course of three .;
four days it was found that the l.i'.t -r
had disappeared. Astio-s.- insects re
main iu the pupa Mate from th fall 1 f
the ipj-le to tiie following sjii ig.
when they appear, it may be expected
that next vear the number of flies
j NovKr. i-i'i n:w
breeding from tlio apple maggot will
be gieath- diminished in the localities
win re this plan is followed.
From personal experience, extend
ing over many years, I eir.i speak posi
tively of tho advantages of allowing
.'owls and chickens a free range iu
npple orchards. They not only ma
nure the soil and destroy all insects
harboring in it, but they'lind, for some
weeks, a considerable portion of their
own food the windfalls, which they
devour greedily, with any grubs they
m;;y cout ;.
The rahing of poultry for sale may
be much more advantageously carried
on where the land is ma le to produce
two crops namely, apple and ejgs
than w here only one is gathered.
j lliini'it,. Kiwi,! an. I lriiii:;-!tiarit.
j When tlio m-sts are nude.- the drop
i pings-board there is a greater liability
of li .'! multiplying, as the heat aeeu-
undated in the nests from tho bodies
! of the hens is conducive to their pro
pagation. They go up to the roost
and annoy the hens. The nests can
rot bo easily ma lo movable when cov-
trod by tho droppings-board if the
j roost is also over tho bond. The il
lustration is a design of a movable
I roost placed over a droppings-hoard,
i tho board having legs of any height
I desired to keep it oil' the floor. This
j arrangement permits of placing the
roost and board at any desired l.u .1
1 tiou in the house, and it and the nests
j (which should also be movable) can
j bo taken outside and cleaned at any
I I arm ami (oinl.-n .(.-.
Save early pullets for the winter
' Road dust is a good material to seat
! ter under the roots as an ulmnrbent.
j Fruit and poultry make a good com
j bination as tho fow ls hunt for and coti
i sumo many insect pests and aro the
i better for the exercise it gives them,
j Don't forget that skim milk mid the
1 scraps from the table fed to tho fowls
I will yield greater returns than you can
possibly get from them iu 11113- ollu-r
j You cannot he too partieuhir-nbout
! keeping the poultry houses clean, and
j if you vwll paint the roots once a week
with kerosene it will be a great aid in
! keeping down lice and mites,
j Corn-fed hogs can hardly bo any-
thing less than lard hogs, u lesson
j which thoso who are aspiring to pro
I .lite" the bacon hog, with its streak of
! fat and streak of h-an, will do well to
lay to heart.
Tiie old saving that there's mor iu
tht! feed than in tho breed, may be true
in some cases, while in others the re
verse is true. Tho fact is, that for
profit good feeding and good breeding
are both leading essentials.
Among the two-legged frauds that
should be given "walking papers" is
tho traveling hog cholera doctor with
a "sure cure." The chances are he
has more cholera germs on his boots
j than his remedy ever destroyed.
j Ry utilizing rough, bushy or foul
; lands as sh"ep pasture?, we not only
may secure a revenue from otherwise
! ( '"-ir ivo property, but Lie value of
I such binds is enhanced thereby. In
considering sheep as land retiovatom
; mid improvers, the term "golden hoof
i is v; misnomer.
Tin? power corn-husker is no long- r
: an experiment ; its practical utility ha a
i been demonstrate 1; and yet it will be
J a long time ere th" old husking-peg i t
' laid on the shelf alongside tho flail, for
j in very many caces the corn grower
j can stiap on his little peg and crib his
I crop cheaper than in any other way.
j There is a question as to whether it
' is best to sow timothy sed in front of
or behind the drill hoes when seeding
; to wheat i.i the fall. Location has
i somewhat to do with the answer. On
, heavy rhiy soils we would sow behind;
j on light, porous soi's deeper covering
is required and we would sow in front.
: Reeause sheep will f . e 1 upon weeds
' ami bushes, pi -king up laii.-h that
! would be passed over bv- other stock,
is !io reason that they should be eoln-'pelb-.l
to subsist upon a starvation die.
They will not thrive upon Part! pas
! tures. Lilx i. J feeding and good care
j are absolute!;.- essential to success with
I The sled corn-harvester is a praeti
. cal and useful tool. Of eoure, tin:
j binder is better iu some respects, but
I more complicated and expensive, and
' drops the soggy bundles on theground.
I w hence they must be raised by mu--I
enlur power, while with the sled cut
j ter the stalks are kept in an upright
' Til" calves should be kept growing
and thriving right a'oiig by f.- ding
; them libera. ly during the fafl. Th. y
1 w ill eat shelled coin greedily, b it
I mo, e reliance should be placed upon
1 - ;.'h grain foods as oats and bian.
v i.i- h l.rnld up the constitution, while
to 1 muoh coin tend to injury a'.i-l
, may can-.- the di-i-ase k 110 a n as black -
Wiu-re fow ls do not Lave a free ring;
it i 1 abso lately m ce-saiy to provid-i
V.'-Ui with green f.x, 1 of some kind
s lcii a- green clover r vegetable.-,
an I if these supplies are sa-pendci
jil -t i eyond their rea di so that they
will have to jump up to rea -h them
th-v wiil be the better f or the exej-.-i-M
a a h-n in confinement with nothing
". do i- :ipt to be a poor iav'.-r and may
a-quire bad habits such as feathtt-eating.
HALF A MILLION KIKK
At Durham 7 Wooden Prir House
and S ottages Domed.
A special from Durham to the Char-
lotte IN. C.) Observer, of the 14th,
I 'urhaui had nearly a half million
1 dollar fire today. It destroyed seven
I prize rooms aud eight dwellings, in
cluding about .'S.oii'.on or 4,000,000
pounds of leaf tobacco
At 1 1 :'i tho shifting engine pave the
alarm of fire, and the alarm was re-cch-'ed
by whi-d:es, bolls and citizens.
Ihe fire was found to be raging at II.
J. Pass ,v t'o.'s prize room, 011 Morgan
street. The fire companies responded
promptly and I ogati oi-erations, but
with little etlect. i . erytli tig was sodry
it burned like o .
From Pass A- Co. the flames went to
the storage of W. 1. Cariington, aud
then to the houses occupied by the
American Tobacco Company, then t
tho house occupied by tlie Plaekwel!
Durham fobac.-o Company, aud these
dwellings Ifgau to burn, ' no afer au-oiiiei-
1, .,; fo.'.r i'.yj ro-.Me
dwellings wore burned.
The loss is estimated at alout S400.
00', while tho insurance covers 011I3
aliout ;' .'if ,0(i '.
Several firemen became overheated
and ha 1 to be carried away. About 2"it)
or ..11 ho-sht a Is of tobacco and nearly
all of tho hoasohold lurhiuire were
saved. Ihe lo.-s falls v er.V heav ily on
most of the families who were burned
out. us they had no insurance.
An engine ami hose wagon from Ral
eigh, arrived here by special tram
aliout 1 o'clock, but their services were
not needed, as tho lire was then under
Ihe 1 riucipul losers wore: The Amer
ican 1 ob.i'vo Cim;a;iv, 11. J. Pass A
Co., W. Dnl.e, P. L. Duke. Geo.
W. Watts, W. T. Can ington, P.laok
w.ll i'tibacc 1 Company. Manning A
Morgan; the New tun estate, and L. W.
I ho Durham Daily Sun says: At
this time, dining the excitement, wo
can give only 11 partial list of tho in
surance. I he following wore insured
with V. II. . lo atie .r tho ui.iouiitn
slated: Ameiic.tii I obaoeo Company,
-'V-oi.; P. I.. Duke, '.'S; I .eorgo
W. Watts, S't.oio; W. Daiie, cttago,
-l.o... .; . J. I'ios A 1 0., loo.
1 he total insurance on some of tho
losses with the lirm of J. Southgate A'
t- 011 a '.oiitit s to S .. ,0110.
All to. d, ! he los-es oil build Digs Slid
tobacco will not miss .r l"0, old, and uiar
possibly leach half a million.
KOYAL Altcil M.MS.
I lie Olllcers Lire!,-! -Will Moot lu
i ni'I it ii .tt i in 1!H.
Tho grand chapter of Royal Arch
Masons iu session at Paltimore elected
tho following officer.-.: General grand
high priest, Reuben C. I.ommon, of
'loledo; deputy grand hmh ptiost, Jas.
. 'i aylor. of L11I hersv ilie, Gu; gen
eral grand king, Arthur G. Pollard, of
Lowell, Ma s ; general grand scribe,
Jos. I ' cs, of Pal is, I II. ; general grand
treasurer, Daniel Striker, of Hast
ings. Mich.; general grand cap
tain of the ho t. William C. S.
I'ain. of Milwaukee: general
giand pr ncipal sojourner, Nathan
j.ii:.-sley, of -n-din "'linn ; general
gi mi I 1 ova! arch captain, Pel Hard i.
vitt, of Henderson, hy. ; general grand
niiiOtriif the third veil. Goo. 11. Cor
son, of Wa.diiiigb.il. I . C. ; general
giand master of the sicond veil, Fred
orick V. C. Saig, of Dos Moines, la.
'Ihe next triennial meeting of the
genei a! grand chapter will be held at
Cincinnati, iu l optcmhor, P.10O,
.lustier Field'- Retirement.
A Washington special says it has
been announced at t he Supremo Court
that .1 ustice Stephen J. Field, of Cali
fornia, had notified President McKin
tey of h:s intention to retiie aa a iiiem
! 1 of the court, and had informed his
colleagues ot the fact. It is expected
that his successor w ill be nominated by
ihe lie-iideiit immediatel v after the
enlivening of Congress, and that At
torney General .'do Ken nit, also .f Cali
fornia, wiil be named for tiio ollico.
.fi-n .v iinpili Set s a Panic Ahead.
A Ne.vton, Kan. , dispatch says: Cou
gresMiiau Jerry Simpson declares that
inside of a 3 ear this county- wiil be in
(ho throes of a panic, tho like of which
was never dreamed of. According to
Mr. Siiii :.on, I 1. gland is paying for
American exports in American securi
ties), and the banks are bolstering up
the securities by borrowing. 0 pre
dicts that the banks wid bo obliged to
unload in the near future, imd that this
wid can e tie; ( lush.
K. eeixers l.,r the hailed Hank.
Judge Norwood, at Chambers in Clay
county, N'oi ', h Carolina, ooalirmed the
appointment by. fudge FuartofGeo.
H. Smatheis, of Way nesville, mid I..
Mel. oiid am! John A. Nichol -, of Ashe
ville. as receivers of the Wcstei n Caro
lina Paul.. Mr. Nichols, however, de
clined. A Differ! iitl.il I ni 111.
j he Seaboard Air Lino La published
a differential passenger tariff, which
nil er scdes lhir present tariff ami
makes a decided reduction from the old
rates. 'Phis line is the first rond in the
c.untry to a topt 11 method of ditlereu
1 ai fi r the purpose of equalizing lutes.
Tiie rates go in ell- ct on the J.,th.
Spain's Army in ( 11I1.1.
Reinforcements 0f S anish troops far
Cuba are beiug hurried forward by the
military authorities. About.., 'mh) addi
tional soldiers wi.I leave Spain for that
Ihlitnd beiore the t-lid of tho present
1'P hy Point.
R. II. Dudley, Democrat, Las been
ele t d mayor of Na-hville, Term. , by
I. .'' " majority.
Mr. Hiii A. Johnson Las been ap
tointed traveling 1 avenger agent of
the Southern Railway Company.
Lugene V. Debs' followers in Kan
sa -. ere lianning to : ecuro control of
cno'.i- and colleges id the Stato.
George Jackson and harles William-,
train robbers, were sentenced to
-.0 y. ars in the "iiteiit:ary at Port
hud. 1 .
1'Pli v Ii. inters.
R. I'. Dudley, Democrat, has been
elected mayor of Nashv ihe, Venn , by
, .'! majority.
Vr. Wm. A. Johnson Las be-ei ap
pointed traveling passenger agent of
the ."southern Railway Companv.
Lugene V. Debs' followers iu Kan
saa are planning to secure control of
schools and colleges of the State.
George .1 acksou and Charles Wil
liams, train robbers, were sentenced to
:,n unrs in the penitentiary at Port