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VOL. I., NO. 3.
PINEHURST, N. C, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1897.
PRICE THREE CENTS.
The Capital City.
The Climber of Commerce ami Indus
try, of Raleigh, has recently issued a
pamphlet entitled: "Raleigh Social, In
dustrial, Commercial and Agricultural,"
and have certainly made a showing of
which the people of Raleigh need not be
ashamed. It is an old saying that a per
son to be well spoken of must first speak
well of himself. The chamber of com
merce has done its part on behalf of
Raleigh, and is no doubt willing to sub
mit the facts as presented to the judge
ment of their fellow-men. Mr. Ceo.
Allen, secretary of the Chamber of Com
merce, who prepared the pamphlet, says
"Raleigh, the capital of North
Carolina, is a city of nearly 20,000
population, situated in nearly the
centre of the State, 150 miles from the
ocean, and is elevated 350 feet above tide
water. Raleigh is the seat of the State
government, here are also located the
State House, Governor's Mansion, State
Agricultural Building, State
Museum, Supreme Court and
State Library. The city and
suburbs have nearly 50 miles of
well shaded streets, and well
laAt sidewalks. The electric
city railroad, about live miles
in length, enables the people to
visit any part of the city with
very little trouble and small
expense. The city has an
abundant water supply, an
eilicient board of health and
careful sanitary inspection, a
complete sewerage system, a
city hospital, a well equipped
tire department with electric
lire alarm, and well lighted
streets and public grounds.
Added to these arc hotels,
boarding houses, selwwls and
colleges. The business man will find
banks, telegraph, telephone and ex
press service, and manufacturing gives
employment to a large number of people.
The city also has churches of all denom
inations, is well supplied with physicians,
ministers, teachers and business houses,
and, all things considered, is a desirable
place for a temporary or permanent residence.'
THE PINEHURST NURSERY.
to Blossom Like the Rose.
Market Garden a Feature, and Many
Dainties Promised for the Winter.
Northern Guests Can Pick Cotton, Dig Peanuts,
and Smoke Tobacco Grown on the Place.
When a little over two years ago Mr.
Tufts started to build up his univcrs en
petit, Pinehurst, he decided to have a
nursery in connection with his planting of
the town parks. In November, 1805, he
selected an "old field about a mile out-
necessary to provide for early vegetables,
also, and a few frames six sashes in
all were started.
The next summer did not bring many
prominent improvements, only the stock
was propagated as much as possible and
taken care of, and the nursery supplied
with a system of water pipes. In the
fall about fifty more hot-bed sashes were
devoted to vegetable raising, and during
the winter the nursery stock was drawn
upon heavily to do the planting in Pine
hurst. In the spring of 1897 the area was
more than doubled, and while the nurs
ery proper now contains about twenty
acres, about four acres more laying out
side its boundary are stocked with native
shrubbery. During the summer a botan
ical survey of the flora of the surround
ings of Pinehurst was begun, both with
the intention to preserve the manv valua
ble and rare herbaceous plants that are
indigenous here, and to collect their
seeds and so to propagate them. North
plants, space does not permit to enumer
ate them here.
Several interesting experiments were
conducted on the grounds, the most im
portant, without any doubt, being the
solution of the lawn-grass ques
tion. Judging from the looks of the
lawns in town, this problem seems now
settled. Another feature was the suc
cessful transplanting of several thousand
young long-leaf pines in the Pine Grove,
and of as many hollies on the Village
Out of the first beginning nearly two
years ago, established as a supplement to
the town planting only, a commercial
enterprise has developed, and plants
raised here may now be found flourishing
in northern parks.
k- V- " v: 1 'Ul.,.-.. -,, 'rrL';- uUr Jf ii?i , T r m- i- ' , ,
(7i Permission of Salmagundi.
Card of the Coal Creek Tavern.
Among the curiosities picked up by
Mr. John Sanderson on his recent trip to
the Jellico and Coal Creak country was a
card which read : "25 cents an
eat 2o cents a sleep. The lul
w.irds House, P. M. I'd wards,
proprietor, Coal Crock, Tenn.
Directly opposite 1. 1. deiot.
Not the largest hotel in the
berg. Not newly furnished
throughout. No free bus to
trains. Not the best grub the
market affords. Uut simply
clean beds and something good
to eat. Toothpicks and ice wa
ter thrown in. Try us! Pay
up ! And if not satisfied keep
mum. Our city is composed
mostly of hogs, diggers, mer
chants and lawyers, named iu
the order of their importance.
Good cross-tie walks on the prin
cipel throughf ares." Middles
borough, Ky., News.
A New Cotton Mill.
The Secretary of State Wednesday
incorporated the Bessemer City Cotton
Mills, of Gaston county, for a period of
thirty years, with a capital stock of 25,
000, divided as follows : J. A. Smith, 10,
000: J. A. Pinchback, $10,000; J. A.
Smith, 4,000; J. Turner Smith, 700;
C. A. Thornburg, 100; J. B. Wolfe,
100; F. P. Smith, 100. Raleigh Observer.
J "Mama,' said a small boy on the train,
as the conductor passed down the car
aisle, "is it time for me to say 'I'm seen
years old,' yet V"
side the town boundary. Old the place
was, undoubtedly, but its character of a
Held was changed to that of a forest
of stumps and rotten fruit-trees. Then
followed weeks of hard work to bring
the land in shape; stumps were taken
out, the ground (that provided by nature
was sand only, and seventy feet of it)
was enriched somewhat by fertilizing,
and the quarters for future stock laid out.
By Christmas, 181)5, about nine acres
were in good shape and ready to take up
the purchased plants that began to arrive
from nurseries of this continent and
Europe. Trem 50,000 to 00,000 trees and
shrubs were received that way. Then
the "branches1 and highlands were
searched for native evergreen shrubs, all
of which another 50,000 found a place
in the nursery, much to the astonishment
of the natives, who could not find any
possible reason to plant such stuff in
"the llower yard, as the nursery was
named by them. Seeds, too, of the
spontaneous shrubs were collected and
In January, 1890, when the first guests
began to come to Pinehurst, it. was found
Carolina has the grandest flora of any
state of the Union, as is well known.
About 200,000 cuttings of evergreen
shrubs and climbers were made during
that season, and the tields of seedlings
of evergreen oaks and other trees' and
shrubs look well and thrifty.
The market gardening now occupies a
much larger space than formerly, in
order to keep up with the wonderful
growth of the town. Over 200 sashes
and a small green-house now fill the
place of thq initial six sashes. They are
lilled with all vegetables out of season.
There are lettuce, radishes, cauliflower,
beets and carrots; and that mysterious
kohlrabi will probably be much appreci
ated next winter, as well as dandelions,
Brussels sprouts and spinach. There
will be mushrooms, cucumbers and cel
ery in short, the whole list in evidence.
In the nursery a northerner will have
a chance to pick cotton, dig for peanuts,
and he can even smoke Pinehurst grown
tobacco. The hotel and other public
place will be provided from here with
grce -house and flowering plants. While
the j ock contains manv verv interesting
Our Convict Farm.
The State now has four farms cultivat
ed by convicts. They are the Wadesboro
farm with 1,000 acres of cotton and 450
acres of corn with 150 convicts working
there. The big Caledonia on the Uoanoke
in Halifax county. The farm consists of
2,000 acres in cotton and 2,500 in corn.
This farm works 300 convicts. The farm
known as the Halifax farm in the same
county, has 500 acres in cotton and 1,000
acres in corn, with 130 convicts. At
the Northampton farm there are 1,000
acres in cotton and 1,300 acres in corn.
There are 1G0 convicts. The crops are
all good and a fine yield is expected. All
the convicts are picking cotton, getting
out about sixty bales a day. Greenville
Information is wanted concerning
Archie B. Morrison (colored). He was
born in Moore county, N. C, and was
last heard from at Magnolia Hotel, St.
Augustine, Florida, in 1885. Any infor
mation will be gratefully received by his
brother, Levi Morrison, Pinehurst, N. C.