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VOI, I., NO. 4.
PINEHURST, N. C, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1897.
PRICE THREE CENTS.
OUR TREES AND SHRUBS.
Interesting Description of the
Flora About Pinehurst.
Some Plants Familiar to Our Northern
Friends, But Many Are Hew.
Home of the Health-Giving Long-Leaf Pine,
and Luscious Persimmon.
To n person lorn and bred in the
North, the flora of Pinehust and the
region about it lias a peculiar interest.
While there is a suflieient suggestion of a
northern landscape to make such a person
feel quite at home, there is also much
that is quite new and strange, so that an
interest is stimulated and sustained, even
in one who is not a close student of
nature, that will lead to many pleasant
and profitable excursions. One's atten
tion is first attracted by the difference in
the evergreen, cone-bearing trees. The
spruces, Mrs, white pine, and red pine of
the North do not appear. The pitch pine,
which in the North is usually small and
stunted, is here a line forest tree similar
in appearance to the yellow pine, a tree
of the South with which it grows. The
loblolly, or old lield pine, which is to be
found here in the poor soil, as a small
tree, has much the appearance of the
scrub pine of New Jersey and the bank
sian pine, along the great lakes. The
predominating evergreen of all this re
gion, and the most important element of
the winter landscape, is the long-leaf
pine, a tree similar in habit to the north
ern red or Norway pine, but with a
lighter green and more lleecy foliage,
in a ramble about the fields, the young
plants of the long-leaf pins will be among
the first objects to attract attention, for
they appear first as curious little tufts of
green needles, which develop into
straight, unbranched plumes, densely
covered with very long, drooping, bright
freen foliage. The red cedar, a common
tree of the North, where it usually has a
Liff, pyramidal outline, is a more grace
ful and broad-spreading tree in this, as
well as other parts of the South. The
white cedar, which is to be found as far
North near the coast as southern New
Hampshire, is common in the wet
''branches" near Pinehurst. In the make
up of this southern landscape the oaks
llay as important a part as the pines, but
as they are deciduous, they are not likely
to conspicuously attract the attention of
the winter visitor. It is to be recognized,
however, that the oak growth is of quite
a uilterent character from that which is
ordinarily met with in the North. In
the region about Pinehurst, there are to
"e found, usually in a stunted and dis
torted form, the following species of
oaks: white, red, black, black jack,
forked black jack, and the shingle oak.
Among the other trees of the South, the
persimmon would be particularly inter
esting to a northerner, especially if it
were heavily loaded with fruit, as it so
often is until well into winter, and every
visitor should take advantage of the first
opportunity to taste this fruit (after it
has been well frosted, not before). The
sweet gum, or liquidambar, is another
tree that is interesting on account of its
symmetrical habit of growth, the corky
fron gardens to fields and roadsides,
that may be found near towns and else
where, such as the sweetbrier, mimosa,
paulonia, and pride of China which
will be new to the northern visitor.
Among the shrubs and climbers few of
the familiar plants of the northern fields
and woods will be recognized. The bay
berry is here in wet valleys ; so is the
sweet-pepper bush and the winter-berry,
the alder, the poison ivy, and the Labra
dor tea, or red root, and some of the
others that drop their leaves in winter.
Excepting the winter-berry, with its load
X&Z -jZSmr U' WIS
PATH IN THE PINE GROVE, PINEHURST.
By Courtesy of S. A. L. Magundi.)
ridges of bark on the branches, and its
peculiar fruit and brilliant autumnal
colors. The flowering dogwood is the
glory of the spring woods, when in
flower, and of the autumn woods when its
leaves take on their deep crimson stain
before falling, but even more brilliant
than this in fall, and equally pretty in
spring, is the sourwood, which is a
stranger to the North. The tulip tree
and the sycamore both grow rapidly and
make fine trees here ; the rock elm, a tree
similar to the northern white elm, is also
to be found in many places. The scarlet
maple is not infrequent in wet places.
The black gum (the tupelo or pepperidge
of the North) is frequently to be found
here in both wet and dry places. The
red birch, a rare tree in the North, is not
uncommon here. The red mulberry, a
rapid growing, small tree, with large
leaves and agreeable fruit, is frequently
met with in fields and woods, and hick
ories are to be found among the oaks.
There are several plants that have escaped
of glowing fruit, and the bayberry, which
in the South is almost evergreen, these
shrubs do not play an important part in
the winter landscape. Here the ink
berry, or, as it is called about Pinehurst,
"gall-berry," is a shrub that is conspicu
ous in and near moist places on account
of its dark, evergreen foliage and black
berries. In similar places, the evergreen
holly forms small trees that are often
loaded with an abundance of bright red
berries in winter ; growing with these is
the sweet bay, a small tree with leaves
that are nearly evergreen. Cliftonia is
another pretty, evergreen shrub with an
abundance of threadlike flower stems
scattered' through the leaves in a pretty
manner. There are several kinds of the
green stemmed cat-briers, some of these
are deciduous ; others are clothed with
evergreen leaves, and of the last named
smilax lourifolia is particularly fine, as
it scrambles in a dense mass over bushes.
You will find the Japanese honeysuckle
along roadsides and about old houses,
where it has escaped from gardens. It
often covers dry banks or weedy road
sides with a luxuriant mass of green that
is loaded with fragrant flowers in
summer. It is the evergreen plants that
make the winter landscape interesting.
If the visitor will extend his visit
through spring into the early summer,
he will enjoy a wealth of new and
strange flowers so numerous that I can
not attempt to enumerate them in this
The climatic conditions that are re
sponsible for the growth of so many
native plants that have an interesting
winter foliage, permit also the introduc
tion of many exotic evergreen plants.
Such southern trees as the magnolia
grandi flora, the finest flowering evergreen
tree of the South, the live oak, the wllow
oak, the water oak, the evergreen cherry
or mock orange, may all be expected to
succeed. Such exotic evergreen shrubs
as the Portugal laurel, bay, banana
shrub, evergreen euonymus, tree box, and
abelia may be used, and for an evergreen
ground covering the ivy, Japanese ever
green honeysuckle, and other plants
similar in habit may be used in place of
grass on many large surfaces. It is the
freshness and greenness that can be
secured during the winter by the liberal
use of this class (of plants) that will
make Pinehurst peculiarly attractive as a
Warren II. Manning,.
Planting Supt. for Olmsted, Olmsted and Eliot.
MR. TOBEY GOING SOUTH.
Will Spend the Winter In North Carolina,
for Benefit of His Health.
The l'ev. Uufus B. Tobey,. president of
the Memorial Trust and the Ingleside
Corporation, and the chairman of the
board of managers of the Floating Hos
pital, goes South with his family Nov. 0
for an extended stay.
His trip abroad during the summer
vacation was of great benefit to his health,
which had suffered from too close atten
tion to the duties of his various positions.
The trip South is taken to render doubly
sure the improvement already attained
and to prepare him for the constantly
increasing calls, both in magnitude and
number, upon his strength. Mr. Tobey
will spend the winter months at Pine
hurst, N. C, a well known resort.
The various institutions under Mr.
Tobey's management will continue to
receive his close attention, the minor
details being in the hands of trusted
assistants. Boston Herald.
Postmaster Powell of Aberdeen is en
titled to the thanks of the community for
his personal efforts in making the road
between Pinehurst and Aberdeen pass
able. Until recently the five miles to
that village was increased about a mile
by the number of dead-falls a team was
compelled-to go around.
50 cents pays for the OurLOOk G mos.