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THK PINEHURST OUTLOOK.
Here Is the Scheme by Which He Grew
Rich Shoeing Horses.
"I lived at a little crossroads hamlet
which was not even a postoffice, on the
line between New York state and Penn
sylvania," said a story teller to a Sioux
City Journal reporter. "Of course, there
was a blacksmith shop there. In those
days the blacksmith's trade was a noto
riously good one. All the blacksmiths
got rich with their horse, mule and ox
shoeing, and the wagon and the other
repair work which they did. Most of
the blacksmiths combined with their
other work wagon repairing and even
wagon making. There were very few
big wagon factories in those days, and
a good hand made wagon cost big mon
ey. When they wero doing nothing else,
they would mako wagons, and when
there was lots of transient work the
wagons had to wait. This state line
shop was a busy place. There was no
tavern there, but the blacksmith also
had a cider press, and he made the cider
for all the farmers for miles around.
But neither this nor the profits of his
shop could account for the rapid way
in which he accumulated wealth. As is
well known, apple cider, if allowed to
stand long enough, will become "hard,"
and after that it will turn into vinegar.
"This cider dealer always had plenty
of hard cider on hand, but never had
any vinegar for sale. Tho farmers and
others who stopped at his place could
always get a drink of hard cider, which
they took out of a tin dipper at 10 cents
a drink, and tho size of the drink was
something which attracted very little
attention. Hardly any kind of beverage
is more intoxicating than hard cider. It
is a good deal like champagne in one
respect. You can drink a great deal of
it one day, and the next day you will
be awfully sick and sorry, and a good
deal drunker than when you went to
bed. The blacksmith required no license
to sell hard cider, and he worked the
game to the limit. His place became
very popular, and the farmers came
from many miles around in both states
to get their horses shod at his place.
Many of them would come home drunk,
and their wives began to protest. They
always hadtohavo some excuse for hav
ing visited the state line shop, and so
the blacksmith, after supplying them
with a few dipperfuls of hard cider,
would take the shoes off . their beasts
and put on new ones, whether they
needed it or not. For this service he
would charge a good round price, while
in many instances it was noticed he
made no charge for the cider.
"But, as is the way of all flesh, this
blacksmith died one day, and then his
business secrets came out. He left an
estate of over $80, 000, and in the cellai
of the cider press a great number oi
empty whisky barrels were found. For
years he had been putting whisky into
his cider and had been setting new
shoes on nearly every horse which came
along, willy nilly. "Washington Star.
Methods of the Blind.
The blind man has to depend almost
entirely on the accuracy of his ears t(
guide him wherever he may wish to go,
and it is remarkable in what a short
time he becomes familiar with a new
locality and fresh surroundings.
Few people are aware of the powers
of the ear, but the blind, through con
stant exercise of that organ, are able to
discover objects almost as rapidly as a
For instance, when walking in a per
fect calm, he can ascertain the proxim
ity of objects by the feeling of the at
mosphere upon his face. It would seem
at first that the echo given back, were
it only from his breathing, might be
sensible to his ear, but it Bas been as
certained by experiment that a blind
man with his cars stopped can tell when
any large object is close to his face,
even when it approaches so slowly as
not to cause any s nsible current of air.
When ho is walking along the street,
he can tell whether it is wide or nar
row, whether tho houses are high or
low, if any opening which he may be
passing is a court closed up at the end
or whether it has an outlet to another
street, and he can tell by the sound of
his footsteps in what lane, or court, oi
squaro ho is.
He goes along boldly, seeming to see
with his ears and to have landmarks in
the air. Of course no blind man likes
to go over a new route unattended, but
after he has traversed it once he knows
every point of importance to him.
Their Real Position as Inculcators of Cul
ture and Refinement.
Well, to blurt out the awful truth at
once, I have never thought so highly of
intellectual stimulation as 1 have of some
other things in life It is by no means
clear as yet that the power of intellect
upon life is of the greatest value, just as
the history of human nature does not go
to show that seeing clearly and doing well
have been invariably associated One man
or one woman with that extended and
clarifying vision which is occassionally
tho flower of a well informed mind, but is
oftener the fruit of a beautiful spirit, is a
greater power for all right mindedness
than the most active intellect under tho
most conscientious stimulation And as
to the opportunity for culture offered in
the woman's clubs, i seems to me that in
a last analysis true culture eludes any con
scious effort to acquire it. 1 have liked to
think that culture, like all other graces of
the mind and soul, is not attained by be
ing too consciously sought. It droppeth
like tho gentle rain from heaven and in
solitudo and self dependence It is a
'quiet fireside thing,' which neither
needs nor desires the contribution of the
exchange place One gets it, as one gets
grace from above, in the seclusion of one's
closet and as the guest of one's own soul.
So far from ministering to real culture
and scholarship, 1 make so bold as to say
that no club, social or technical, male or
female, bond or free, ean do more than to
receive the results of individual scholar
ship and culture or offer more than mere
stimulation This of itself is good, if one
does not make too much of it, and in
small towns, where the wheels of life go
slowly, where books are scarce and the re
sources of the individuals are not abun
dantly developed, a woman's club is no
doubt a necessary means to growth and
diversion, even though the work under
taken be solemn enough to make a Ger
man university professor laugh. But
that was a profound truth of Margaret
Fuller's "The soul that lives too much
in relations becomes at last a stranger to
its own resources " Helen Watterson
Moody in October Scribner's.
The Autograph Book of Blue.
She gave him her book to write in
Her autograph book of blue
And she said, "Write it straight now, Tommy
And something nice and true."
Stiffly and squarely he wrote a line
For his queen with the eyes of blue
Proudly and signed it "Tommy"
"Maggie, I love you true."
A youth came from a college
A student grave and wise
fle looked at the little old autograph book.
He looked at her true blue eyes,
And he scrawled, with cynical smiling,
In the old, old book of blue,
Of the folly of lovo, and signed it
"Thomas Reginald Hugh."
man came from his labors,
Learned in the school of years,
Uazed at the little blue book and dreamed
And gazed as ho dreamed through tears.
Then he looked and saw her smiling
With tears in her eyes of blue,
And he wrote and signed it "Tommy
"Maggie, I love you true."
H. W. Jakeway in October Ladies' Home
Conclusions Drawn by Professor Richards
From Careful Tests Made.
It is difficult to say at what time corn
was first burned, but it has probably been
used to a greater or less extent for a good
many years. Dire necessity drove tho early
settlers of the western portion of tho Unit
ed States to this practice, and the results
were sufficiently good to warrant its con
tinuance. In a general way it has been recognized
that when com is abundant and cheap
and coal is expensive tho former makes a
cheaper fuel than tho latter, although no
scientific determination of their relative
efficiency has ever been made, so far as the
author is aware. During last winter,
however, a number of inquiries wTcre re
ceived by the department of agriculture of
the University of Nebraska, asking for in
formation about the efficiency of corn as
fuel, and the author undertook tho inves
tigation of this subject.
From the experience of the author in
conducting boiler tests of corn it is doubt
ful whether it would be a practicable fuel
for the generation of power unless it were
burned in some special furnace that would
insure the perfect combustion of the vola
tile matter which forms so large a percent
age of the whole corn and which is driven
off at a comparatively low heat. Some
form of automatic stoker would also be
desirable, since the corn burns rapidly and
must be frequently fired, making the work
of the firemen very arduous and at tho
same time tending to cause incomplete
combustion by the excess of cold air enter
ing through tho fire door.
Undoubtedly corn may at times be a
cheap and economical fuel for domestic
use. It is cleaner and more easily handled
than coal and contains but a very small
amount of ash It burns rapidly with an
intense heat, which is apt to be destructive
to the cast iron linings of the stove. Here,
again, some special form of firebox that
will not be injured by tho heat and that
will utilize as much of the heat as pos
sible should bo used If the rate of com
bustion be too great, much of tho heat
will pass up the chimney
It is interesting to note that an acre of
land will produce from 40 to 80 bushels of
corn, which, if burned, will yield from
22,512,000 B T. U. to 45,024,000 B. T
U., not counting the heat that could bo
obtained from the stalk. Since a ton of
good coal will give up from about 20,000,
000 to 20,000,000 B. T. U., an acre of
ground is each year capable of producing
fuel which is equal to from 0.87 or 1.28 to
1.74 or 2.50 tons of coal Tho stalk will
probably increase this amount by one
fourth or one-third. Professor C. It
Richards in Cassier's Magazine For October.
The Use of the Great Toe.
The negroes of the West Indies use
the great toe constantly in climbing.
Several years ago, while spending some
time at one of the famous resorts in Ja
maica, I had an opportunity to observe
the skill with which the black women,
who do a great part of the menial labor,
carried stone, mortar and other build
ing materials on their heads to the top
of a five story tower in a part of the
hotel not then finished.
Much of the unerring accuracy with
which they (women and girls) chased
each other up and down the long lad
ders, with heavy loads skillfully poised
on their woolly pates, was due to the
firmness with which they grasped each
rung of the ladders with the great toe.
They did not place the ball or the hol
low of the foot on the rung, but the
groove at the juncture of the great toe
with the body of the foot, and they
held fast by making the back of the
other toes afford the other gripping sur
face. In much tho same way the Abys
sinian native cavalry grasp the stirrup.
And I have seen a one armed Santo Do
mingan black, astride the near ox in a
wheel yoke, guiding a lead mule with
a rein held between his great and sec
ond toes, while his only arm was devot
ed to cracking his teamster's whip.
A German Story of an American Attempt
to Doom a Sewing Machine.
The following story, which was pub
lished in German in connection with
the death of Marie Seebach, the noted
German actress, shows very well the
conception of American affairs which
still prevails in Germany to a certain
extent. Seebach was here more than 20
years ago, and it is scarcely possible
that such an incident as is described
would have taken place then, but many
such stories are told in Germany today
as illustrative of American enterprise.
According to this reminiscence Mario
Seebach one day received a message that
a gentleman wished to see her. She
told the servant to send him to her
drawing room in the hotel, and when
he arrived he introduced himself as a
certain Colonel Smith. Then he plunged
at the object of his visit and said that
he represented a certain well known
make of sewing machines.
"1 have already heard," he said,
"that you are a great artist. I want to
find out if you aro a good business wo
man as well. Do you want to make
"Oh, I've no objections to make to
that," she said, "if it is possible in a
perfectly correct and dignified way."
"Oh, it's in tho most correct way
possible that I propose," the visitor
continued, "and I offer you $10,000 for
doing it. "
"What have I to do in return?" ask
"Nothing in the world," the colonel
replied, and as he noticed the expres
sion of astonishment on her face he
went on: "I told you that I came from
a sewing machine companyone of tho
largest in the world. All that I demand
of you in return for the $10,000 is that
as Marguerite in the spinning wheel
scene from 'Faust' you will use one of
our sewing machines instead of the
wheel, and just keep it in motion for a
few seconds. Then we would let hand
bills drop from the gallery, saying that
the machine used by Marie Seebach
was made by our firm. "
The actress is said to have hesitated
for a second, but, in tho end, her re
spect for Goethe's tragedy is described
as tho feeling which saved her artistic
This story is of a type that disap
peared from general use 40 years ago.
It is of the kind told about P. T. Bar
num in the earlier days of his career,
but stories of the kind still pass muster
in Europe, although a press agent who
attempted anything of the kind in this
country would soon lose his job. New
FREE BAGGAGE ALLOWANCE.
The Seaboard Air I.lne About Double
I lie Amount mo Curried.
The Seaboard Air Line lias followed
up its differential tariff, which reduced
through fares about one-third, by an
other stroke of policy equally as bold.
The general passenger department yes
terday issued a circular which will
doubtless cause excitement in railway
circles throughout the South. The cir
"On and after December 5, 181)7, and
until further notice, the Seaboard Air
Line, in order to meet the action of its
competitors, will allow free three hun
dred 300 pounds of baggage for each
passenger holding a full ticket, and one
hundred and fifty 150 pounds for each
half ticket, between stations on its lines.
"The rules governing the checking of
baggage to be the same outlined in
excess baggage tariff No. 1, in effect Jan
uary 15, 1897, and Circular No. A890, in
effect June 10, 18!)G. There will be n
change in the free allowance in checking
baggage through to points beyond the
Seaboard Air Line." Norfolk Virginian.