North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
W ACCURATE, TERSE
B VOLUME XXXIV
I fi MOT]
I DIES ONSWAY
I Funeral Services For Former '
^ Town Treasurer Held On
B WAS BORN IN ENGLAND
funeral services for Robert Jem- I
B s0K Jones were conducted from Em- I
I) jjiiiel Episcopal church on Mon- I
B afternoon at 5 o'clock by the I
B Be'v. B. N. deFoe Wagner, rector,
assisted by Dr. J. T. Glbbs, MethoB
(jjjt minister. Interment was in
B Mr. Jones died at the home of his I
(daughter, Mrs. M. C. Mcuuire nere
on Sunday night at 8 o'clock after
being confined to his bed for about
one week. He was 76 years of age
and had been in declining health
for a number of years.
pallbearers were Dr. C. H. Peete,
Sheriff W. J. Pinnell, C. R. Rodwell,
John Bell. John Mitchell. W. N.
Boyd, William Boyce and Boyd>
Mr. Jones was born in Farthing- ]
stone, England, on September 18, (
1858, the son of Dr. Pryce Turner
jones and Emma Jones. He came
a American as a young man, and
spent 44 years of his life as a
citizen of Warrenton. During the
greater portion of that time he was
tonnected with the Citizens Bank
ind was assistant cashier of that
nstitution up until 1930 when he
esigned on account of ill health,
'or 32 years he served as secretaryreasurer
of the Town of Warreton,
V holding this responsible position up
etil about two years ago. He also
str;ed as Junior Warden of Em|
natjel Episcopal Church for 30
Mr. Jones was twice married. His
first wife was Miss Mary Meadows.
To this union no children were
born. On September 7, 1892, he
married Miss Will Bryar Norwood
of Warrenton, who with five i
daughters survive. They are Mrs. M.
C. McGuire, Mrs. J. B. Boyce, Mrs.
L B. Beddoe and Mrs. Lloyd Cook
of Warrenton, and "&rs. Branch
Bobbitt of Farmville. He is also
survived by two grandchildren, 1
Elizabeth McGuire Boyce and James :
Out-of-town people here for the
funeral included Dr. M. N. King of 1
Norfolk, Va., Mrs. F. P. Hunter of 1
Portsmouth, Va., Mrs. L. M. Cook
and Miss Linda Cook of Red
Springs, Mr. and Mrs. James I.
Miller and Miss Catherine Miller
of Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Jones,
Misses Betsy Rose and Bettie C.
Jones, Mr. and Mrs. Ed Shaw, Mrs.,
T. D. Peck, Mrs. Sidney Chevass
and Miss Nancy Chevasse of Henderson;
Mrs. Loverne Waddell of
Jacksonville, Fla., Mrs. J. B. Boyce,
Mrs. Alice P&rtin and Miss Beth
ftrbri of Littleton, Mr. E. P. Bobhitt
of Palmer Springs. Va.( Mrs.
bar Rex of Richmond, Va., Mrs. A.
V. Lawson, Miss Vivian Lawson,
and Mr, Stebbin Lawson of South
Cotton Farmers In
Favor Crop Control
D- W. Watkins, assistant chief of
the AAA cotton section, told visito :s
I attending Farm and Home week
that some form of production con- ;
trol is essential to the permanent
prosperity of agriculture. i
t The AAA reduction programs are :
-t emergency measures, he explained, i
and probably will be revised a great
deal before a long-time program is
offered the American farmers.
But it is clearly evident, he said,
that some form of nation-wide cooperation
is necessary, for it has
been flmn onrl QCFdill I
_ ? ovuiuiioviawvi viutc ?*4V* MB"'"
I that unorganized farmers have but
Uttle show in the world of organization
in which they live.
Surveys made in many sections of
tife country have indicated that
tearly all the growers who are caf
operating with the AAA and who
Me receiving benefit payments
& the programs continued.
has been some agitation, in
certaixx quarters, he said, for abandoning
the Bankhead act and the
Programs, but it is largely the
work of non-cooperating growers
ahd interests which profit most
I 9 en cotton prices are low.
Tbe cooperating growers have
earned their payments, he said, and
it would be unfair to them to deprlve
them of these payments by
tiiscontinuing^the program. He also
Pointed to the demoralization of
markets that would follow the Incase
in production should all reI
frictions be removed.
I He said the talk about unfavoraI
;J\*eather reducing the crop all
I inat is necessary is without foundaI
Continued on page 6)
Cotton Co-ops To
Meet At Warrenton
On Next Thursday
Cotton farmers of Warren County
and particularly those who have
been connected with the Cotton Cooperative
Association are being
called upon to attend a meeting of
much more than ordinary interest
at Warrenton on Thursday afternoon
at 2:30 of next week.
Handbills calling attention to
this meeting for TUESDAY
have gone out in some sections.
The date of the meeting should
be THURSDAY, August 23rd.
The meeting has been called by
L. Bruce Gunter of Fuquay Springs
who is the director of the Cotton
Association from the Fifth District
composed of the counties of Warren,
Franklin arid Wake. He is also
Vice President of the Association.
The Cotton Cooperative Association
has recently had a change of
management and all cotton farmers
will be interested to know more
about it. Mr. Gunter has been very
closely identified with these changes
and he will give an interesting account
of what has been done and
also what members may expect of
the Cotton Association under its
M. G. Mann of Raleigh( who has
been made General Manager of the
Cotton Association, will attend the
meeting and will explain the plan
of operation for the handling and
sale of this year's crop of cotton.
Mr. Mann is also Manager of the
Farmers' Cooperative Exchange 1
which has recently been organized
and he will explain how farmers
may save money on the purchase of
their supplies by patronizing this
Both Mr. Gunter and Mr. Mann
are very interesting speakers and
they have a matter to discuss
which is of vital importance to
every farmer in Warren County. The
meeting should be attended by an
overflow crowd. It will be held in 1
the Court Room at 2:30 in the af
ternoon unless otherwise arranged.
Ladies are invited and requested to
Similar meetings will be held in
louisburg on Tuesday afternoon and
In Raleigh on Friday afternoon at
the same hour. Warren County
farmers who cannot attend their
own meeting are invited to attend i
one of the others.
To Hold Tonsil ;
Clinic At Henderson
Dr. Newell, who has recently held j
two tonsil clinics at the Maria Parham
hospital at Henderson for the
Warren County Welfare Department,
will hold another clinic as
soon as the required number of 1
children are obtained, Miss Lucy ;
Leach, Welfare Officer, announced
Miss Leach requests that any in- ?
terested person communicate with ;
her as early as possible.
Ploughs Up Coin
Bearing Date 1786 1
A Spanish coin, dated 1786, was
displayed here on last Saturday by
Robert Mitchell of near Drewry. Mr. I
Mitchell said he ploughed up the
coin in a field near an old house
several weeks ago.
The coin is about the thickness
of a dime and its circumference is
slightly less than a quarter. Upon
one side is a man's picture, the date,
1786, and tba words Dei Gratia,
Carious III. Upon the other side is
a court-of-arms and the words, Hispan
et Ind. Rex M. 1 R. F. M.
Picnic At Wise
Is Well Attended
More than 500 citizens of Warren
county gathered at the Wise
school house on Wednesday for a
community picnic. Numbers of those
attending brought baskets of food, >
?nd these with brunswick stew prepared
by citizens of the neighborhood,
furnished the repast. In addition
the ladies of Jerusalem
church sold ice cream and lemonade
proceeds from which are to be used
for church purposes.
There were no speeches, but in
the afternoon a baseball game was
staged between Wise and Palmer
Peter Pan Star
At Hotel Norlina
Among the recent guests at Hotel
Norlina were Mr. and Mrs. Ludwig ,
Lauerhan of Asheville, N. C. Mrs.
xjauenitui ueiure uei uiaxxxogc woo ?
Miss Betty Bronson of motion pic- (
ture fame best known in her unforgettable
role of Peter Pan.
I, COUNTY OF WARREN, N.
New Tammany Boss I
NEW YORK . . . Within three p
days^after 41 year old James r(
Dooling (above), had been elected bj
head of New York Tammany Hall
he prevailed upon A1 Smith to return
to the Tiger fold, healing a 01
breach moTe than 2 years old. w
Road To Be Given "i
Surface Coating w
The State Highway Commission oi
is planning to tar and gravel the ol
Warrenton-Warren Plains road, it ct
was learned here this week from
W. H. Rogers, district engineer. w
While the contract has not been e<
let for this piece of work, Mr. a
Rogers said it was his understanding is
that the state would surface the ai
road and that he expected work ki
would be started in about three
Soil Erosion Is *
Subject Broadcast ni
"Fighting Soil Erosion" is the
subject of a series of 10-minute n(
talks that the government has ar- fe
ranged to broadcast over Station
WBT, Charlotte, R. H. Bright, J
County Agent, announced this week.
The series began on August 9. Other
talks will be made on Tuesdays, F
August 21 and 28 and September 4 /
from 7:05 to 7:15.
^ The talks will be made by soil
erosion-control Specialists of the
soil erosion service, United States j
Department of Interior, who have er
been assigned to carry on large jQ
demonstrations! soil-saving projects M
in the Carolinas, Mr. Bright said.
Erosion-control demonstrations in q,
the North Carolina area comprise ja
the 137,000-acre upper Deep River
watershed of Forsyth, Guilford and
Randolph counties, and the Brown tQ
Creek watershed of Anson and
Union counties, and Chesterfield
county, South Carolina. t
Experienced government erosion
specialist assure us that soil wash- ^
ing can be prevented, the agent said. gr
However, the problem is one which
must be met, not merely by con- ^
structing terraces, but by the em- n
ployment of proper cropping and ^
forestry measures along with the '
proper engineering methods in a
well-coordinated erosion and landuse
program, in keeping with the 113
needs of the individual farm. ai
Farmers and business men of pl
Warren county are urged to listen a(
in on this interesting series of e?
broadcasts, Mr. Bright concluded. ^
Clinic At Mayo's 2
Howard Jones, an editor of The a
Warren Record left Warrenton last al
Friday for Rochester, Minn., where fc
this week he is going through the
Mayo clinic. He is expected to re- se
turn to Warrenton within a week 03
or ten days. - w
CONGRESSMAN SPEAKS AT V(
TARBORO THURSDAY NIGHT tc
Congressman John H. Kerr was m
one of the speakers on the program a;
of a joint meeting in the Com- cc
munity House of the Kiwanis and
Rotary clubs held in Tarboro last A
night. He spoke on tobacco, legislation
and the tobacco situation in
general. Mrs. Kerr accompanied the
Congressman to Wilson.
POLICE PHONE IN OPERATION gi
The police telephone, located on C
the corner at the southeast part of M
the court square, which has been t!
disconnected for some time, is again gi
in operation, it was learned yester-1F
RETURNS FROM HOSPITAL a
Mr. Jack Smiley has returned to A
his home from Roanoke Rapids Pi
hospital where he has been for sev- ei
eral weeks undergoing treatment as re
the result of an automobile ncci- ai
Mrs. Spottswood Burwell of Henderson
visited her sister, Mrs. df
Howard F. Jones on Friday of last tl:
c., friday, august 17, 1!
'ruck Driver Is Charged j
With Operating Truck j
While Intoxicated ?
:ases are continued i
Z. V. Rogers, white man of Bur- *
ngton, was sentenced to the roads
jr 90 days when he was found guilV
in Recorder's court on Monday 1
lorning on a charge of reckless ?
riving and of operating a truck \
hue under the influence of whis- "
ey. The road sentence was sus- ?
ended upon condition that Rogers ?
ay the court cost, a fine of $75 and ?
;frain from operating an automo- 1
ile for a period of three months.
Rogers' arrest came as the result
E a wreck between the truck he
as driving and a truck of the Hor>n
Motor Lines at Wise on Sunday
ight. Rogers' truck was practically
emolished and the Horton Line
uck damaged to the extent of sev al
hundred dollars. Neither driver
as hurt. It was said that the florin
Line driver had driven his truck
1 the concrete onto the shoulders
: the road in an effort to avoid a
A case against Jesse Stansberry,
hite man of Littleton, was continui
until next Monday in order that
jury may be drawn. Stansberry
charged with carrying a pistol
iql with cursing and threatening to
ill an officer.
The case against Lem Robinson,
hite man of Warrenton, charged
ith transporting whiskey and pos- (
;ssing home brew for the purpose
! sale, was also continued until
2xt Monday in order that a jury
iay hear the evidence.
Allen Jones and Samuel Jones,
sgroes, charged with assault, will
ice trial on August 27. Their case 1
as continued at the Monday morn- *
ig session of Judge Taylor's court. c
* art-Time Farmers 1
Advocated By Wilson j
The eventual solution of the 1
ndlord-tenant problem will prob- ?
sly be found in giving industrial 4
nployment to farmers who are no ?
nger needed in agriculture, said
[. L. Wilson, assistant secretary of (
jriculture, who spoke at the State
liege Farm and Home exercises
He predicted a time when a bal- .
ice of agriculture and industry, ,
igether with a shortening of hours
id a division of employment,
ould provide jobs for all who wish ,
There is no reason, he said, why j
idustrial workers cannot have j
nail plots of land on which they ?
ay live in security insofar as pro- ]
icing their food is concerned. (
nder such a system, they could j
ork short hours in the factory and
ill make a living wage.
The shorter hours of work would ]
ean more work for other people,
id thereby take care of the sur- i
,us farmers. In some cases, he i
Ided, it would be well for the wage
irners to work in factories part of ]
le year and on farms the other 1
irt when they are most needed In ]
Mr. Wilson spoke of the AAA as 1
le greatest social movement in i
Istory and said that it had aroused j
new conception of cooperation
id planning that would not be |
Farmers have proved for themlves
that they can control their
vn industry and have a voice in
hat prices their crops shall bring,
; went on. He expresed belief that
:ry few farmers would be willing
i go back to the system of each
an for himself, bargaining alone
jainst organized buying and large
4iss Parker Wins
Honor At College
With the honor of being the i
rst to complete the l'our-year
aduate course from Meredith
ollege, Raleigh, in three years,
[iss Jane Parker was graduated at
le Meredith-Wake Forest Hummer
aduation exercises held at'; Wake
orest college on Friday, August 10. j
Miss Parker is the daughter of
Irs. W. J. Parker of Maco n and
niece of Mrs. T. V. Allen. Mrs.
lien, MfS. Parker and Miss Dot
arker attended the graduation ex
cises. On their return to WA r;nton
Mrs. Parker, Misses; IX it
id Jane Parker were week etui
lests in the home of Mrs. Allen,
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Williams and i
lughter of Washington. N. C_, were
le guests of Misses Rle and Laura
Iston on Sunday. . *
For Mrs. Mustian
To Be Held Today
Funeral services for Mrs. Wallace
?\ Mustian will be conducted from
ler home at Norlina this morning
it 11 o'clock by the Rev. C. W.
joldston, assisted by the Rev. B.
I. deFoe Wagner. Interment will
>e in the old Parker cemetery at
Mrs. Mustian died at Duke hos>ital
on Wednesday morning where
he had been for three weeks sufering
from heart trouble. She was
15 years old and had been ill for
ibout eight weeks. Her husband
ind children had been almost conitantly
at her bedside since her ar
ival at the hospital.
Mrs. Mustian is survived by her
lusband and two children, Peggy,
.3, and Frank, 8. She is also survived
by her mother, Mrs. Alice
Tones of Raleigh, and by three
irothers and three sisters: Lemuel,
Trank and Albert Jones of Raleigh,
ind Mrs. S. E. Carroll, Mrs. Albert
jester, and Miss Pearl Jones of
Mrs. Mustian was born on May
.6, 1899, the daughter of Mrs. Alice
Tones and the late Thomas Jones
>f Raleigh. She was married to
Dr. Mustian on April 13, 1919.
Active in the community life of
Yorlina and Warren county, Mrs
fustian was a member of the
American Legion Auxiliary, the
Darden club, and at the time of
ler death was chairman of the
Tumor Red Cross, a work panic rlarly
close to her heart.
Pavilions To Be
Construction on two tubercuosis
pavilions, one for each race,
s expected to be started at the
:ounty home on Monday, it was
earned yesterday at the local reief
It is expected that it will require
ibout three week to construct the
wildings which will be 14x23 feet
ind which will house six patients
iach. Labor is being furnished by
he NRA and material is being
:upplied by the county.
Cotton Mill Nine
Wins Over Durham
The Warrenton Cotton Mill base>all
team defeated the Durham
loslery Mill nine by a 2 to 1 count
>n the Hawkins field here on Sunlay
afternoon in a game that ran
or 13 innings. Outstanding events
)f the game was the pitching of
Xanes for Warrenton and Jones
or Durham and the timely hitting
ind base running of Baskervill and
3. King of the locals and Colelough
>f Durham, who scored the only
rallies of the day.
Warrenton?V. Knight, ss; R.
PeoDles. 2b: B. King, rf; Basker
rill, cf; B. Carroll, c; C. Kelly, If;
R. Loyd, lb; J. Peoples, 3b; J.
Durham?Hackley, lb; Sorrell, 3b;
Pennington, 2b; Denning, cf; Coleough,
If; Rogers, rf; Browning, ss;
Bean, c; Jones, p.
The Warrenton nine will meet the
3oys from Ebony, Va., here on Saturday
afternoon, August 18th. The
jame will be called at 3:30 o'clock.
Case Against Tip
Green Is Dismissed
The case against Tip Green, War enton
negro, arrested by Federal
ufficers and charged with possess.ng
untaxed whiskey several weeks
ago, was thrown out of court by
Commissioner J. C. Hardy last week,
it was learned here Monday. The
:ase against Ray Weston, operator
if a filling station here, arrested
upon a similar count at the same
time, will be tried at the November
session of Federal court in Durham.
Mr. Weston's bond was set
John Clay Powell, chairman of
the Board of County Commissioners,
Comissioner John Skinner and i
Tr,c?,r,Vi n Pnwpll ol<?rk to t.he board.
(SV/QVfSAA w. ? wow, ?
have been attending the annual
meeting of the State Association of
County Commissioners at Asheville
this week. Mr. Skinner is secretarytreasurer
of the association.
Revival Services for the Inez
Baptist Church will begin on Sunday,
August 19, with the regular
sendee and continue through the
week. There will be services every
afternoon and night at 3:30 and 8
p. m., it was announced here this
Price, $1.50 a Y?r
stAW *Ab*vS ?
' I'OCATELLO, Id. . . . The 100th
^juiiversary of the founding of
? ? A! J \I7a/?ati T?nil !
Foit Han on tue vw* ********
fiers is to be presided over this
month by Queen Kerma Keller
(above), college sophomore.
Of Cattle Arrive
Over Week End
Two cars of cattle from the
drought aiea of the west were unloaded
at Warrenton on Saturday
and. the 77 head of cattle contained
therein carried to the J. B. Davis
farm in Shocco township. At the
same time tHree cars of cattle, containing
114 head, were unloaded at
Littleton for the Jack Johnston
River farm. Sunday 12 additional
cars arrived at Littleton and the
468 head of cattle were carried to
the Johnston farm, it was learned
yesterday at the office of Jesse
Gardner, director of relief.
Mr. Gardner said that around
10nn hooH r?f naff.lo HqH alrPQrlvr fir
AfUU UVUU V A Vt*VV*V AAMVi uu uwvtj ma
rived in Warren county and that
several hundred others were expected
within a short period.
Board Meets To
The Board of County Commissioners
will meet here on Monday
for the purpose of adopting a
tentative budget foe Warren county,
and for approval of the budget submitted
on first Monday in August
by the Board of Education.
The commissioners will, also at
the meeting on Monday consider
the petition made at the regular
August meeting for an appropriation
for the Warren County Memorial
Loan Value Cotton
May Be Increased
Washington, Aug. 15?The Bankhead
cotton act is an unequalified
success. It will surely be retained
next year. The loan value of cotton
both former crops and the new crop,
will probably be raised at once
from 10 to 13 cents a pound.
The above is the cotton situation
ps seen by Senator John H. Bank
nead, or Aiaoama, iainer or me
compulsory cotton reduction law,
who was here today for conferences
with President Roosevelt and Secretary
of Agriculture Wallace.
Senator Bankhead was accompanied
to the White House by Secretary
Wallace and submitted two
proposals to the President. One for
the increase in loan value and the
other for suspension of the 4.2 cents
processing tax on cotton during the
Seen after his conference with
the President, Senator Bankhead
frankly stated that he saw no
chance of his recommendation as
to the processing tax being adopted.
He was entirely confident, however,
(Continued from Page 6)
Miss Alice Vaden Williams of
New York City gave an organ recital
on Sunday afternoon in Emmanuel
Episcopal church from 5 to 6
o'clock. A large number of persons
BUILD NEW LINES
The Carolina Telephone and Telegraph
Co. has constructed a new
line to the Macon road By way of
the airport. Phones of T. E. Powell
T-i? u.Monioll formerly
<2,11U. UUIUl AXUUVCl iivnv.., ?
on the Macon circuit, have been
added to the Warren ton exchange.
TALL STALK OF CANE
A stalk of sugarcane being displayed
in the window of the office
of The Warren Record has attracted
attention this week. The
stalk, grown by Jack Alston, Warrenton
negro, measures 14 feet, two
Mrs. John H. Kerr, wife oi
. Congressman Kerr, broke her left
wrist on Wednesday afternoon when
she suffered a fall at her home.
MOST OF THE NEWS
ALL THE TIME
CITIZENS SEEK TO
Town Expected to Furnish
Water And Lights; Citizens
DAMERON MAKES OFFER
Interest in the establishment of
a government cannery at Warrenton
to can beef from relief cattle
sent into Warren county from rhe
west has been growing during the
past week and it is expected that
a large crowd of citizens will be on
hand at the court house within the
next few days when R. E. Nance of
the Department of Agriculture
comes here to explaif requirement
for the industry. Jesse Gardner.
dironf/M? 1 nf WTa won /innrfv
UUtVlUi Ui XUUtl iUl litUXUl VUVUilJ f
said yesterday that he had not
heard from Mr. Nance since writing
him to come to Warrenton but
that he was expecting a ltply on
almost any mail and thought where
the cannery would be established
would be determined .vithin the
next few days.
Littleton, it is understood, has
already offered the government a
building and agreed to furnish
power and water in the event that
a cannery is located in that town.
It is expected that a similar offer
will be made by Warrenton citizens.
Mr. Gardner said that it is his
understanding that the cannery
will employ a hundred peoolc,
working two shifts of 50 persons
three days a week each, and that
the weekly payroll would be around
$2,000. It is expected that the industry
will be operated for two and
possibly three years.
In the event that the cannery is
established here it is expected that
arrangements will be made for business
people to supply the building
and for the town to furnish water
W. H. Dameron, president of W.
H. Dameron & Co., said yesterday
that his company was willing to
erect a suitable building on their
lot near the depot, provided other
business men would pay for onehalf
of the material used ih the ' ;'**<
? ?l * I A. J Jt 1.M 1.1 I > A
DUliaing 10 De consirucieu uy &i\n
Sixteen hundred and fifty yards
of cloth and thread have been consigned
to the local relief office for
the purpose of making caps, coats,
dresses and aprons, for those ex- J,
pected to work in canneries( it was
learned here yesterday.
The order calls for 150 men's
coats and caps, 250 women's dresses
and caps, and 50 butcher's aprons.
Interest On Loans
Columbia, S. C., Aug. 16.?Approximately
89.2 ner cent of the inter
est due on Land Bank Commissioner's
loans on June 30 or before was
paid promptly by farmer-borrowers
of North Carolina, South Carolina,
Georgia and Florida, according to a
statement by the Farm Credit Administration
The Columbia district ranked
fifth in the nation in this respect
being surpassed by the Houston,
Texas, district with payments of
96.7 per cent; Baltimore district
with payments of 935 per cent;
Springfield district with payments
of 91.4 per cent and Louisville with
payments of 89.8 per cent. The
average for the twelve districts of
the country are 83 per cent.
Land Bank Commissioner's loans
are about equally divided between
first and second mortgages on farms.
They are being made in the bonds
of the Federal Farm Mortgage Corporation
which are guaranteed both
as to principal and interest by the
Federal Government. Such loans
are handled by the Federal land
banks for the Land Bank Commissioner.
From June 1, 1933, through July
25, 1934, Commissioner's loans numbering
250,847 were made for $423,986,948
in the twelve districts of the
Is Now Available '|
Combination resident State huntin?
and fishing licenses may now
be had for $3, or a saving of around
$1.21 on the- double license, Hunter
Pinnell, county game warden, said
this week. The licenses entitle the
holder to hunt and fish anywhere
in the State at any time in season,
the game warden said. This charge
i represents a saving to the sportsman
and a sharp reduction in the
old license fees charged by the
! The licenses may be obtained
; from Mr. Pinnell at an?" lime on
i application and payment of the
fee. . ]