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OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION OF THK UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, CHAPEL HILL, N. C, TL'P. iDAY, DECEMBER 19. 1911
Representatives of the Old
Phi and Di Win Over the
Philo of Penn.
VICTORY GAINED BY VOTE OF TWO TO ONE
Pennsylvania Taken by Surprise.
Wharton and Barker Make the Ques
tion One of Property. Pa. Debates
Federal vs. State Ownership.
; By a vote of two to one the
representatives of the Philan
thropic Societies of the Univer
sity of North Carolina won the
debate Friday night over the
representatives of the Philoma-
thean Society of the University
The question for debate was:
Resolved that the Forest and
Mineral Lands now in the Pos
session of the United States, in
the Several States, Should be
Retained by the Federal Govern
ment." Pennsylvania defended
the affirmative; Carolina the nega
The speakers for Pennsylvania
were: E. L Hargett and G. C.
Hughes. For Carolina: C. R.
Wharton and F. P. Barker. The
judges of the debate were Prof.
D. D. Carroll, oi Guilford College;
Dr. W. K. Boyd, of Trinity Col
lege, and Rev. Homer Starr, of
Chapel Hill. Prof. E. K. Gra
ham was president of the debate
and M. T. Spears secretary. This
debate was the fifth of a series
of Ive between the societies of
the universities. Of the four pre
ceding debates Carolina haswon
hree and Pennsylvania one.
After the debate a banquet was
served in the Y. M. C. A. in honor
of the debaters All old 'vaisity
debaters and members of the
Alpa Tau Kappa, the national
debaters' society, were presei.t.
Mr. E. L. llargett was the lirst
speaker for the affirmative. He
'spoke of-the unscrupulous waste
which had occurred in the devel
opment of our national resources
and said that some controlmust
be set up. There are only two
ources for this control in Amer
ica the Federal Government and
the State government.
In the remainder of his speech
he sought to show how far su
perior Federal control is to State
government. To prove this he
developed the following points:
The people in the separate
States cannot realize the need of
national conservation. State
legislatures cannot enact such
legislation. Conflicting State
laws will lead to endless litiga
tion. There are not enough ot
these lands in the separate States
to justify the States setting up
bureaus, i In cases of fraud and
bribery the States are limited.
The fact that in Eastern States
there are none of these lands and
a large amount in the Western
States would lead to discrimina
tion. If one State allows waste,
all must. .
Mr. C. R. Wharton spoke first
for the negative. lie undertook
to show what the democratic
principle of government is and
how the proposed plan subverted
BASKET BALL SCHEDULE FOR
Manager Ritch Books the Longest Schedule of Hard; Games
Ever Attempted by a North Carolina
' College ;
Below is given the basketball
schedule. It has not yet been ap
proved by the faculty committee,
but such approval is practically a
will showittobeoneof the longest
and hardest ever attempted by a
North Carolina College. It is of
course the best schedule Carolina
The manager has bitten off a
pretty good-slice. The first three
games will be easy. Charlotte
Y. M. C. A. and Guilford will
prove tougher propositions. A
rest up will be taken on V. C. C.
Then comes the northern trip
with our old friend Virginia first
on the list. The Orange and
Blue put it on us in two hard
fought games last year. What
Durham Y. M. C. A
Elon College. ... .
William and Mary. . "
Charlotte Y. M. C. A.. "
Virginia Christian College..... "
v. c. c
University of Virginia ..... "
Georgetown ................... "
v. p. i.... 44
V. P. I 44
V. M. I. .............. ...... 44
Davidson . . 44
University of Virginia 44
University of Virginia. . . ....... 44
this fundamental principle of the
American Government. He spoke
"The question we have for dis
cussion is a question of property
and the ownership and use of
property. Property under our
democratic principle of govern
ment is inherently private and
ihdividualistic. The very essence
of our government lies in the in
dividual's right to own property.
The freedom and independence of
the individual is an essential part
of our theory of government.
Were the ownership and use of
property not private there would
cease to be free and independent
men in . America. The nation
would become a people of hire
lings, lessees, and serfs; the gov
ernment a feudal state.
"The forest and mineral lands
now in possession of the Federal
Government are most assuredly
property. Since property is pri
vate, these lands should be turned
over to the individual when be
wants tbem. It is not meant that
the government shall give these
lands away, or that it shall thrust
them on any one. But if the in
dividual can afford to buy these
lands, it is his right that he have
For the government to hold
and operate these lands would
make it a feudal state that wuld
convert men from independent
free-holders into hirelings, We
will happen this year remains to
be seen. Catholic University,
Georgetown, and V. P. I. will
makaf the rest of the' trip very
Back on the Hill after a four
day f est the team plays Roanoke
College, then three hard games
witii V.. P. I., V. M. I., and
Davidson. Two games with
Virginia winds up the list.
This is a schedule that will
make us sit up and take notice.
To win the majority of the game
will make us go some. All the
members of last year's team are
back, and in the squad of twenty
Lve candidates, -four or five new
men show up well. Bocock and
the captain are working hard to
put out a good teamand Bocock
usually succeeds. . J
Washington, D. C.
Washington, D. C.
Chapel Hill, N. C.
of the negative say that our demo
cratic principle of government,
the principle that seeks the high
est good of all, the greatest
progress of all, in leaving to the
individual his own self-develop
ment and progresses the principle
bv which we must live and con
duct our government. It is by
this principle alone that a people
can develop not only their re
sources what but, is far greater,
' 'The highest purpose of gov
ernment is the development of the
people who live under it. This
development comes not by the
government becoming a paternal
ism, but by it leaving the devel
opment of its citizens to their own
endeavor. The proposed plan
would make the government a
feudal proprietor, would destroy
ils own purpose. ' The proposed
plan may plant a tree but it will
destroy men. It means not the
promotion of progress, but the
hindrance of self-development."
The second speaker for the af
firmative was Mr. G. R.Hughes.
In the beginning of his speech he
replied at some length to the ar
gument of Mr. Wharton. He
sought to confine the argument
to the question of State or Fed
eral control of these lands and
summoned up his argument by
saying that the .affirmative advo
cated not a feudalism, but the
ContfiMKMj ot fonrth piffa
PHI SOCiETY VImS DEBATE
By the Vote of Two to One Defeats the Di
Society on the Question of Commission
Form of Government
The Philanthropic Society won
from her ancient .rival, the Dia
lectic Society, last night by a V'te
of two to one.
The question for debate was :
"Resolved that American Munici
palities Should Adopt the Com
mission System of Government."
The Phi Socio ty defended the af
firmative, Di the negative. S.
W. Whiting and W. R. Pettaway
represented the Phi Society; I.
R. Strayhorn and J. C. Busby,
the Di. F. P. Venable, Prof. M.
C. S. Noble and Dr.. ' Archibald
Henderson were the judges.
In presenting the argument of
the affirmative, Mr. S. W. Whit
ing, the first speaker, sought to
show that the commission plan
of government is the natural plan
Csf Ilia A M rtt rMioo Vhti 110a (
it combines legislation and gov
ernment and provides for the
election of officers from the, whole
city rather than from districts as
is done in the state and nation.
He further sought to show why
legislation and administration
should be carried out by the same
body of men, from a study of the
effects which the work has upon j
the aldermanic plan in blending
the two branches. And in con
clusion, he sought to prove, " by
showingthat the work of the city
governments effects all the sec -
tions essentially the same, why
city officers should be chosen
from the whole city
Mr. W. R. Petteway, the
second speaker on the affirmative,
in his argument sought to pove
that the commission plan of gov
ernment is the most effective
plan of government known in
American municipal life, because; ;
first: it provides for the free and
effective expression of the will of
the people; and second: it pro-
vides the government with every
effective means at its command to
carry promptly and decisively in
to effect the expressed will of the
' . . . t
the negative, outlined the
f. , ... .
the proposed commission plan of
. , . , u
city government, explaining how
7& , , 1 . ,
the present form was a natural
' r 1 1
outgrowth of municipal evolution
and how it was correct in theory,
having as its foundation the
basic principle ot democratic gov -
v . , . . f
ernment. The speaker then
t j ;
the commission system was built
and how that theory was incor
rect. Mr. Busby then took up the ob
jections to the commission sys
tem, namely, that it failed to
recognize the twofold character
of city government, tended toward
oligarchy, failed to elect experts
and failed to fix responsibility.
After explaining each objection
in detail, he offered modifications
and additions to the present sys
tem, which should make it even
Kansas University gives two
hours credit for inter-society de
bating, one hour credit for State
debating, and two for inter-state
OF FOURTH ESTATE
Spend a Day in Raleigh In
specting Daily' Newspaper
CLASS IN JOURNALISM PULL OFF STUNTS
In News and Observer and Dsilv Times
Office. Dr. Royster's Class in Jour
nalism Have a Great Time in Raleigh.
The class in journalism went to
Raleigh last Tuesday morning on
a visit to the offices of the Capi
tol's morning and afternoon pa
pers. In the party were: Dr.
James F. Royster, instructor of
the class, T. S. Page, S. R. Win
ters, B. D. fctephenson, J. h. Orr,
and L. N. Morgan. The class
left Chapel Hill at 10:30 a. m.
spent the entire day and most of
the night in Raleigh, and returned
to the Hill at 4:30 a. m. Wednes
day. Upon arriving in Raleigh the
party went to the office of the
Evening 7wies, where it saw an
afternoon paper in the making.
Dr. Royster and the class were
met at the office by City Editor
Farabee. Mr. Farabee is an
alumnus of the University , and
seemed especially anxious to show
, the class in journaHsm everything
connected with the paper. The
ciass went into the print shop,
! saw thelinotvoemachinesatwork.
and watched the forms being made
up. By the time the party got to
the office the news of the day had
almost ceased to come in, the
work of the reporters was about
over, and the paper was on the
point of going to press.
About 3:00 o'clock in the after
noon the News and Observer of
fice was visited. The class was
. T J . , J
editor, Mr. Daniels, aud the staff.
, The members of the class and Dr.
Royster were first interviewed by
Mr. Daniels. Their opinion was
asked upon the much mooted
question of the worlds twenty
n , - ,
n.A..4'ncf mutt nrA o r Vi tH0tnhfr
of ihe party was asked to make a
, , T- j.
list of these men. Dr. Royster
. . , ,
was interviewed concerning what
, , 4
1 he thought of the paper's constant
reference to woman s suffrage.
His opinion on this question ap-
; v ,
1 the Nezvs and Observer.
Mr. Edward K. Britton, City
Editor of the paper, then made an
interesting and instructive talk
to the members of the class. He
told them of the needed qualifica
tions for a journalistic career, and
explained the work of a reporter.
The class enjoyed this talk and
appreciated it as coming from a
practical newspaper man.
It was then time for afternoon
rounds. Three members of the
class were assigned to cover with
Mr. Britton the Capitol, the Su
preme Court, the Agricultural
Department, and the State De
partments to get the news for, the
morning paper. The other two
members of the class were as
signed to make with Assistant
City Editor W. II. Richardson