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THE TAB. HEEL
TUESDAY, AUGUST 14, 1945
Wfyz Wat Zt
OFFICIAL NEWSPAPEE OF THE PUBLICATIONS UNION
SERVING CIVILIAN AND MILITARY STUDENTS AT THE
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT CHAPEL HILL
BANKS MEBANE .
IE WIN SMALLWOOD
JACK LACKEY .; .. ...
. Associate Editor
Associate Managing- Editor
. News Editor
STAFF THIS ISSUE
V NEWS STAFF:
Jessie Gregory. Bill Komegay, Eleanor Craig-, Sam SamzoerLin, Jo Pugh, Gene W Skins,
Eojr Thompson, Thelma Cohen, Donald French, Mel Kopelman, Bill Eyon, Bette Mel er,
Jeepy Payne, Bettie Tfllitt, Tom Corpening, Bill Foess, Fred Gal ton, Harding Menzies,
Frank M filer. Dick Seaver.
Phones: Editor, F-3141; Managing Editor and Associate Editor, F-3146; Sports Editor,
9886; Business and Circulation Managers, 8641. . ,
Published Toes 7 and Saturday exeept during vacations and fT""'1", Staff meets
every 8 on day and .Thursday night at -7:30 o'clock- Any stadent desiring staff positions
should attend a staff meeting. - Deadlines Sunday and Thursday.
Editorials are -written of approved by the Editor and reflect the official o pin ion of the
Tar Heel. - Columns and letters may be submitted by anyone; the Editor reserves the right
to edit this copy, but it does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the Tar Heel
Editorial, business, and circulation offices - or the second floor of Graham Memorial.
Presses in the Orange Printsbop on Rosemary Street.
Entered as second class matter at the post effice at Chapel E, X. C, under the act of
March 8, 1879.
THE INCEPTION OF AN ERA
The world remembers a few periods of its history which in-
cnmiMofl a tipw wtitr rrf litf T'nrlsiv i snrTi . "npriofi that men
avv w 7 vv -
will long remember tnere is no doubt about it.
The period which contained both the first military use of
atomic power and the close of man's greatest war can undoubt
edly be of great human significance for many generations to
come. Whether or not generations which have not yet been born
will live in misery because of the consequences of this period
or whether or not such generations will exist is a matter to be
determined soon. .
The keynote of World War II has been a hope for enduring
peace a fear of repetition of the events following World War I.
The masses of the people have labored, fought, and died under
such slogans as "Let us not win the war only to lose the peace!"
The peace is here today. The United Nations may make of it
what they choose. However, let them remember that millions
of their people died with the hope that wars would cease to ex
ist. Let them remember that for almost six years they have con
sidered winning the peace as of equal importance with winning
the war. . ' 'T'-V . . . ''
There will always be' war as long as sovereign states, exist as
equals without international authority. Any international or
ganization is better than none, and the more powerful the in
ternational organization, the better chance it will have to main
tain peace.' The charter adopted at San Francisco may, like the
Constitution of the United States, become a binding agreement
which will bring all the states of the world into an indivisible
union. The people of the world will not be safeguarded from
future destruction, however, merely by international agreements.
The world must be so impressed with the facts of war and of
what future wars will mean that no nation can ever again be
led on the road to world conquest. The. United States can take
the lead in bringing to the world the lull realization 01 wnat war
really is. , In a sense, it is regrettable that Japan may be allowed
to surrender with any conditions even if these conditions are
only symbolic and not actual. A wholesale devastation "of the
Japanese homeland with the new atomic bomb may do a great
deal toward producing the world attitude which must exist if
we are to have world peace. Fortunately, this world attitude
can be produced in other ways.
If you are young, and have a life to live, remember that you
can perform no greater service to the human race than to help
perpetuate the world attitude which demands and works for
peace. The world of next year will be different from anything
we could have expected last year.
COUCH'S RESIGNATION SYMBOLIZES
. BACKWARDNESS OF SOUTH
W.' T. Couch, a past president of the American Association
of University Presses and the Director of the University of
North Carolina Press, has submitted his resignation in order to
accept a 100 raise in salary as director of the press at the
University of Chicago. '
Couch obviously loves Carolina. Here he was editor of the
Carolina Magazine, member of the Golden Fleece, and in many
other ways an outstanding student leader. His entire life has
been tied up with publishing in Chapel Hill. When his superior
talents began to capture national attention, Couch began to re
ceive enticing offers from presses all over the nation. He loved
Chapel Hill too much to leave her for a larger salary, for. the
work which had become his very life was more important.
However, an offer from the University of Chicago is too much
for us to expect Couch to turn down. We can not hope to sup
ply him with the opportunity to serve the reading world that
will be offered him in the North.
It is with deep humiliation that we should see Couch go. His
leaving is only one in an infinite chain of events which emphati
cally demonstrates the backwardness of the South.
The forces which are forcing Couch to the University of Chi
cago are the forces of Southern degeneracy. This degeneracy is
best demonstrated by racial discrimination, antipathy for higher
education, tenant poverty, and Southern conservatism. The leg
islature of the state of North Carolina should hang its head in
shame for failure to appropriate the necessary funds to keep men
like Couch in North Carolina. Progress is centered around re
search and education the keynote' of the universities. As long
as the people of North Carolina send men to our legislature who
can not see beyond the limits of their own community we shall
continue to remain like the rest of the South the nation's
center of poverty and misery. The University of North Caro
lina has done much to build North Carolina into a state which
can hold its own in the family of forty-eight. The men here on
this campus who are responsible for the administration of the
University have had to fight bloody battles for every step for
ward that higher education in North Carolina has made. .
No more clear-cut condemnation of the South than the case of
Couch has come to our attention. Couch loved Carolina, and
would be more than willing to stay, here if he could only beas
sured that some hope lay ahead. However, an offer of a salary
which is even more than that received by the president of the
University of North Carolina was too much to refuse.
North Carolina now has a surplus. If our state ever hopes
to lead the way out of the intellectual and economic abyss of the
South, she must at least make her state university capable of
competing with the universities of the North. The worth of any
college or university is measured in terms of its faculty. To
those of us who are fortunate enough to have had an opportunity
of seeing higher education from the inside, the fact is clear that
higher salaries for teachers from kindergarten to the uni-versity--is
a cardinal path toward Southern recovery.
To Couch goes our fondest farewell. We know that it is un
necessary to wish him success in the management of the Uni
versity of Chicago Press, for we well know from the work which
he has done here that he will be highly successful. We hope that
he will not enter a suicidal battle with the student press at the
University of Chicago as he did here, but we know that if he
does, he will believe in his cause right or wrong.
We hope that the news of his resignation , will be amply pre
; sented before the legislature when it meets for its next ses
sion. We hope that the people of North Carolina will not again
elect to their legislature the tobacco spitting, loud mouthed,
small-town politicians who have attacked higher wages for
teachers because of their little minds are not fully able to com
prehend. The trend in recent years has been toward a better
grade of legislators ; as that trend increases the universities of
the North will drain off less and less of our prime faculty and
North Carolina will little by little take the lead in higher educa
tion which means a lead in over-all development.
"In this issue we have endeavored to present a pictorial review
of what Carolina was during the war. We are grateful to James
Sanford, Buddy Glenn, and Banks Mebane who stayed with us
in the'Tar Heel office all of Sunday night and Monday morning
to prepare this issue. .
Gogs of the Wheel
ATOMIC ENERGY PROGRESS OR
When the first atomic bomb fell
on the Japanese port of Hiroshima
August 6 (Japanese time), it became
immediately obvious that a gTeat
event had occurred. It struck the
imagination of the people of the
country, it was discussed over every
cracker barrel and cocktail bar in
the country, and the headline and
. editorial writers went wild pre
dicting everything from imme
diate unconditional surrender of
Japan to a world of technological
' unemployment on either the front
page or the editorial page con
ventional editorialization on the
front pages didn't seem to matter
The nation was so upset that
some ventured comment as to the
moral right of the United Nations to
use such a horrible weapon. Presi
dent Truman "searched his con
science" and some prayed with him
to find the right answer to this
moral question. Most of the press
was silent on this issue for an ob
vious reason. War itself is a rejec
tion of moral principles in favor of
national survival. There are no
morals of war except in petty
things like the treatment of prison
ers et al.
Too much has already been said
about the potential power of the
atom and too little about' what
should be done about it. There is a
great deal ' of controversy on
whether or" not the government
should allow the big corporations to
use the patent for this . Truman
said that the British and Ameri
can governments had a joint
"patent" on it and threw it into
the lap of a conservative congress
to decide tbe issue. . -However
merited the argument
might be on both sides, the crucial
question that makes this probem
insignificant is: Will there be
enough civilization after the next
war (if we have one) to use this
or any other invention? By "civil
ization I mean some higher form
of human activity above a few
human beings crawling out of a
cave in an isolated part cf the
world with a copy of the "clas
sics" and the Trisco Charter that
sort of progress is probably cf
some "intrinsic value" but undesir
able in comparison to the progress
that can be made by some intelli
gent action made in the field of in
What is the solution to this
problem? Is it monopoly of the
power of the atom by either Brit
ain and the United States or "The
Big Three?" There isn't any need
of giving clarifying remarks no!!!
1) Any nation or group of nations
which would try to maintain a
monopoly of the secret would be
come hated, despised, and feared by
all other nations of the world. 2)
Monopoly of this invention is im
possible because only the later
stages of development are secret
and can be duplicated within a dec
ade and the raw material, Uranium
235, is distributed so as to make a
monopoly of it virtually impos
sible as well as the fact that other
material .will probably be found to
substitute for U-233. The would-be
monopolists would have to wage a
"preventive war" against every
country experimenting with atomic
energy. This is obviously based on
the premise that there will be a
third World War. I consider it
probable unless an international
government is set up with a monop
oly of atomic research and power
a world federation.
American public opinion, your an
cestors revolted against the Brit
ish to enable you to express your
will on crucial issues; here is your
chance to help save the world.
Humanity, relax in the self-satisfying
thought that something icill
happen to counteract this threat to
your existence and sign your death
By Allan Panmll
The road is long; yet the cogs
are strong. The wheel rolls on. .
Your Man Friday was amused on
A pompous senior ambling from
the post office, glancing furtively
around, and then delicately snif
fing the dainty pink envelope
clutched in his hand.
A - government supported' Pre-
Flight buying a ' milkshake and
kindly feeding it to one of the
many Chapel Hill dogs.
The anxiously grinning service
men listening to the broadcasts of
a possible early peace with Japan.
Two freshmen feeding a squirrel
popcorn under Davie Poplar.
Several ROTCmen dazedly wan
dering from the Marine dorms on
the Sunday morning after.
A lone coed having a beer with
Jeff, and telling him how unhappy
her love life was.
To an innocent bystander it seems
The dome of South building could
well use a good cleaning. Even the
pidgeons are beginning to shun it!
If the French Pre-Flights can
fly as well as they can sing, Paris
will be in good hands.
The Pi Phis are due credit for
their redecoration plans. Oceans of
blister lotion, and good luck, gals.
Pat, of the Porthole Pats, is still
at it. However, instead of hearts,
he's now breaking rocks near Hen
derson ville. More blister lotion!!
Dr. Lefler is soon going to need
a canine roll to call in his 11 o'clock
history class. On Saturdays the
dogs outnumber the other students !
Something could be done to make
the Spanish placement exam a bet
ter measure of ability. Too large
a percentage of those who take it
. are put in an advanced course, and
.soon have to drop it and go to a
more elementary course, or else
flunk it flat!! This needless loss of
the student's time and money, has
even been noted aad complained of
by two professors of the Spanish
department. I wonder if that is'
recommendation enough to stir the
' stumps of whoever is responsible ?
The newly rejuvenated Monogram
Club has been sadly neglected by
those members on campus, in the
absence of Jack Davies, its presi
dent. What will Jack and the rest
think when they get back, boys?
Coffee and doughnuts bring on
such odd chatter:
"Why is everyone crowding
around the radio so? Anyone would
the war was almost
"Sure the end door was open, but
our dear housemother opened it and
was just waiting for someone to
use it. You're damn right I got
"I got my laundry back yester
day, including a pair of boy's
shorts! How will I ever explain
them to mother when I get home?"
"I don't like Wallace either, but
that's the first time I've heard him
compared to a Jap!"
"I don't know when I'm going
home. According to that exam
; schedule,- 111 be taking my chemis-
try exam on Sunday!!"
"The kids here at Carolina sure
have a good time, don't they?"
"You mean the one about a wheel
or somethin'? Yea, I read it, and I
sure hope that guy never gets mad
at me; he sounds rough!" (Plug,
dear readers, plug!)
Now that this war seems-to be
just about finished, I wonder if
Ross and Fulton will be going after
It looks like London will get the
same large charge that Frisco got.
Hunt is going over soon, and I
guess we'll all be waiting to hear
big things of our local yokel. If
his umbrella has the same effect
on the Limeys that Chamberlain's,
did, undoubtedly his parliamentary
"procedure" will be severely punc
tured! What a relief it was to hear that
the Yack will be out!
Although that voice of the vet
erans has been temporarily muffled
as far as campus 'affairs are con
cerned, I surely hope it's only tem
porarily before it can be heard
long, loud, and to good advantage!
Sure was good news that the
latest batch of Steele Dormers have
lifted themselves from under the
synthetic heel of Wallace, the self
appointed monarch of all incoming
freshmen. ' What's the trouble,
James, slipping? -
I wonder whatever happened to
Johnny, the campus cop ? He was
one evermore good Joe!
What the hell is our enterprising
laundry trying to do? Report has
READING THE EXCHANGES
By Frederick Smetana
Please print -something we can
reprint. We're DESPERATE! We
can't find a thing tonight. PLEASE
help us out.
ANOTHER USE FOR THE
The Tar Heel has a purpose, ac
cording to a coed in Carr Dorm.
.She rushes down to get her copy,
and when her enthusiasm is com
mented upon, she answers that she ,
uses it on the floor under her
washing to keep the floor dry.
Some day perhaps the editor will
publish a special wash edition,
without that bothersome old print
er's ink on, it.
HOW DO YOU KNOW?
After Dr. Markham had finished
explaining some properties of an
element, a bewildered student came
up with the question, "But how do
you know they will do that?"
Dr. Markham pondered a while
and replied, "I know you had a
grandmother. I didn't know her, but
I know you had one."
Which of course, cleared tbe mind
of a muddled student.
A chemistry prof, for instance,
stirred the senior level of a fresh
man level required course with a
bit of poetry from Dorothy Parker.
Explaining what a catalyst is he
compared it to Miss Parker's words,
A kiss is a pronoun she stands
A kiss is a verb it denotes ac
tion. A kiss is a conjunction it con
nects. A kiss is an adjective it denotes
expression and a sensation of joy.
A kiss is not an adverb you
know where or why.
A kiss is singular but is used
(Continued from first page)
. . . Navy's $192,000 Infirmary Opens cision To Lease House Facilities for
Soon, As Latest Addition to the Navy's Naval Reservists . . . NROTC To Oc
Vast Building Program . . . Draft Stu- cupy Old East, Old West as Barracks
dent Enlistments Wartime .University, After Call To Active Duty . . . UNC
Cause 12 Percent Drop in Enrollment Middies Will Follow Naval Academy
. . . War College Opens to 70 Students Scheme . . . Tar Heel To Cease Daily
. . . Navy Takes Over Carr Dorm . . . Publication Tomorrow as PU Board
Announces That UNC Had Been Ap- Plans New Weekly To Start in July . . .
proved By WMC for a Basic Navy Tar Heel Turns Semi-Weekly as Board
Training Program School . . . U. S. Plans Extra Issue Faculty Rejects
Public Health Service Has Just Des- Adoption of Trimester Plan . . . The
ignaed the School of Public Health of Campus War Loan Drive Exceeds Its
the University as Training Center for Quota by More than $18,000 . . . Ad
Health Educators Urgently Needed miral Jacobs States Terrific Battle To
During the War . . . Post War Recon- Be Fought Before We Get To Tokyo
struction Period Announced by Brown . . . Civilian Ranks Get Thinner As
. . . Dr. Graham Squelches Rumors Students Report for Induction . . . Re
That University May Abandon Cam- cent Draft Board Order Sends 125 To
pus to Government . . : Major Tight I'ort Bragg . . . Sailors from Fleets
Arrives to Take Command of Meteor- Fill Ranks of V-12 Units . . . Carolina
ology School of the Army ... WPB Adopts Trimester . . . Fraternities To
Regulation Rules Out Non-Military Gef Houses Back from Navy . . . Ma
Air Training at UNC Airport in War- lines from 6 Other Colleges to Trans
time.'.. Carolina to Turn Over Dorms fer to Carolina . . . Bond Qta T.
it that a man has been contacted to Navy . . . Steele Dorm Is Left As ped as Sales Reach $40,000 . . . South
in Charlotte to come here and buy the Only Civilian Men's Dormitory, era Colleges To Send' Student Dele-
When Guy B. Phillips, becretary to gates Here To Consider Problems of
the War College, Announced that April 25 Parley . . . Representatives
Navy V-12 Students Will Be Housed Will Send Two To S. F. Conference
in Old East, Old West, BVP and .. .Roosevelt Is Dead !!!... Hunt, Clif
Whitehead Beginning July 1. . . UNC ford leave for World Conference To
and Fraternities Make Tentative De- day . . .
some laundering machinery. More
power to the buyer in that the stuff
hard to get, but please, sweet
laundry, see if you can't use those
machines to get us our shirts and
See COGS, page 6.