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SATURDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1945
EiQTTftTKT- From Carolina Delegation
(COOM IL. To Mock State Assemblv
OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE PUBLICATIONS UNION
SERVING CIVILIAN AND MILITARY STUDENTS AT THE
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT CHAPEL HILL
Entered as second class matter at the post effice at Chapel HiB, N. G, under the met of
ICareh S. 1879.
. Associate Editor
. Sports Editor
Winky Andrews, Bay Conner
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Dolin, Morty Self, San Summerlin, Mel Cohen, Bill Eornesay, Harding- Mansies, John
May, Eddie Allen, Elaine Patton, Emily ChappeD, Bill Sessions, Richard L. Kond, Lindy
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CBICASO - BOtTON - LOS AHCELIS - SAM BUNCISCO
Hunt Answers Clark
Dear Mr. Clark,
We members of the Dialectic Senate have heard of your request for a
copy of our roster at the time the resolutions favoring abolition of the Jim
Crow laws were passed. Because I have known something of your tactics
in the past I saw you in action at the committee hearing on the Caveness
bill to create a chancellor of the University and three presidents, I took
the time to peruse the Textile Bulletin, which, commonly, I do not read, in
search of your comments. I must say, sir, that they are quite in line with
what I have many times heard of you: they are in the Dave Clark tradi
tion. You, perhaps, regard that as a compliment. I confess that I do not
intend it as one. This state, I think, rather has the right to expect that
so talented a son would most naturally follow the noble pattern established
for North Carolina and for the Clarks by your father, Chief Justice
Walter Clark. I, for one, sincerely regret that your father, champion as
he was of human rights,- is not alive today to be a candidate for public
office and to speak out mightily against injustice and deceit wherever they
may be found. It was his misfortune to be at least seventy years ahead
of the nation and a hundred. years ahead of his state. It seems to be his
son's misfortune to be at least a hundred years behind both.
I have made no attempt thus far in this letter to spare your feelings,
though my youth and your age would normally lead me to be more con
siderate. But I have the temerity to think that even as you speak and
write openly and with vigour you would defend my right to do the same,
though I disagree with you.
I should like, therefore, to tell you why I voted for the abolition of Jim
Crow laws -including the ones which prevent negroes and whites from
attending the same university. I do not intend to defend these beliefs; I
wish only to state them for what they may be worth.
To my mind there is one overriding and supremely important fact about
men: whatever their race, nationality, religion, or condition they. are men
This applies to negroes; they are men; they are human beings. I cannot
conceive that the mere accident of color made me superior to them, or
to any other racial, national, or religious group. I know that a great many
famous personages not the least of whom was Adolf Hitler espoused an
opposite belief to mine; but my own deepest feeling and belief about men
is that I cannot love a man because of his race (or nationality, or religion,
or any other cause of prejudice), nor hate him for it: I simply ignore it.
To me a man is a man full of hopes and fears, subject to tempests and
passions, weak and frail, strong and noble, free, bond, or master of him
self despite his destiny. A man may be none of these, or one of them, or
some of them, or all of them or he may be something mortally different.
I am sure of only one thing: he is a man; that is the only way I can pigeon
hole him; all that remains to be known I must learn about him whoever
he may be whenever and wherever I may meet him. ,
A second compelling fact prompted me to vote to recommend the aboli
tion of Jim Crow laws: This is one world. No matter how many artifi
cial barriers we create, that is the first fact of modern life. This is a
world where the atomic bomb can be caused to explode by disputes over
any of these barriers. One of the tragic mistakes we petty men are making
is to refuse the fact that do what we will we must learn to live together.
. We cannot put off living together, for, if we do, we shall certainly die to-
gether. We can begin to have peace only if we start here in the United
States, here in the South, here in North Carolina, over in your town of
Charlotte, here in my town of Chapel Hill.
This issue on which a new world war may well hinge is the issue of the
maltreatment of the non-white races of the world. The struggle in Indon
esia should indicate that. The manner in which the United States treats
its non-white citizens may well determine the exact weight of its moral
leadership in the world.
There is no reason to prolong this letter unnecessarily. I wish only to
add that I cannot offer you any outstanding accident of birth or environ
ment to explain away what I believe most intelligent people will call
straight thinking. I do not wish to take credit for it in the way this letter
makes it sound as if I do. On the contrary, my thinking on the subject
was done for me at least two thousand years ago by one who recognized
"neither male nor female, bond nor free, Jew nor Gentile," but saw them
all as one in God's sight and, since he felt that what God had made was
good enough for him, regarded men as one.
I was born in Winston-Salem; I graduated from the Greensboro public
schools; my parents now reside in Rocky Mount. But, if you look for the
source of these seditious remarks, turn to that most revolutionary of docu
ments, the New Testament.
I regret that we do not see eye to eye. I like to think that I may be
passed off by you as a foolish idealist. But I shall regret it very much if
I am: there is so very little time left in which men can strive for ideals.
As the scientists have said, this has been the last war, or the next to the
It is unfortunately true that the earth, desperately though it may need
it, will not be remade overnight. But whenever the opportunity to make
it better comes, I, for one, do not conscientiously believe I can stand in
Douglass Hunt. V
The students from the University
of North Carolina who attended the
. meeting of the State Student Leg-'
- islature in Raleigh both those who
favored inviting the colored col
leges of the state to send delegates
to next year's meeting and those
who opposed it agree to the fol- ,
lowing statement of facts:
. (1) Since any person who wished i
to attend from Carolina was invit-
ed through the Tar Heel to do so,
and since the delegation was not
, chosen to represent the University
of North Carolina, the statement
in the newspapers that the Caro
lina delegation was not representa
tive of the student body is irrele
vant: anyone who wished to be rep
resented could have gone himself!
(2) The motion to admit dele
gates from the negro colleges next
year had not been discussed by the
Carolina delegation prior to its in
troduction on the floor by Buddy
Glenn. Indeed, Mr. Glenn decided
to introduce his motion without
consulting any other member of
(3) - Of the forty-three members
of the Carolina delegation at least
four voted against the motion. The
vote on the motion was 110 "f or"
and 48 "against." If the entire "
Carolina delegation had abstained .
from voting, the motion would have
carried by 19 votes. The Carolina
delegation did not "railroad" the
State Student Legislature into in
viting negro delegates to attend its
(4) Secretary of State Thad Eure
was not on the floor during the .
discussion which preceded passage
of the motion and is therefore not
qualified to say what transpired
during that time except by hear
say. The Carolina delegation car
ried no "official photographers." A
Carolina student, with whom pho-?
tography is a hobby, took some pic
tures for his own personal use.
(5) Mr. Eure is quoted as assert
ing that a student not a resident of
North Carolina, who was attend
ing the University under the G. I.
Bill of Rights, said "To hell with '
appropriations! ' ne stuaent is a
native of North Carolina now a
resident of the eastern part of the
state. He is not attending college
under the G..I. Bill, though if he
were, he would , have had as much
right to speak as any other. The
remark about appropriations has
been quoted in the state papers"
completely out of context. The sit
uation when this remark was made
was such, we feel, as to justify the
indignation expressed, if not the
words used. Rumors and threats
had become prevalent on the floor
that if the resolution were passed:
(a) there would be no more student
legislatures; (b) appropriations for
the University would be cut; (c)
appropriations for the negro col
leges would be cut. It was in reply
to these rumors that the speaker,
urging the assembly to disregard
outside threats, said that if the
cost of doing right were to be a
cut in appropriations, then, "To
hell with the appropriations!"
(6) Newspapers have carried re
peated assertions that "non-resident"
students led the fight and
were responsible for passage of the
motion. The motion was made by a
North Carolinian. It received vigor
ous and vocal support from North
Carolinians. Further, it received
the support of a minority of "non
resident" students from - South
Carolina, Georgia, and Virginia, as
well as from "the North." During
discussion on the passage of the
bill, only one student from a state
north of the Mason-Dixon Line
spoke in behalf of the bill.
(7) The Carolina delegation re
sents the fact that the newspapers
have not mentioned most of the
business transacted by the State
Student Legislature. Among the
bills considered by the Legislature
were: (a) a bill to create a world
government; (b) a bill calling on
the President and Congress to take
steps to oust Franco as dictator of
Spain; (c) a, bill to abolish segre
gation on public vehicles; (d) a bill
petitioning the governor to call a
session of the state legislature to
consider physical consolidation of
the University of North Carolina;
(e) a bill calling for revision of
the G. I. Bill of Rights; (f) a bill
to appropriate $100,000,000 for
roads in North Carolina; (g) a bill
calling for 12-month salaries for
teachers in all, a total of thirty
(8) The Carolina delegation re
grets that the coverage'of the meet
ing has been so completely distort
ed. Quips and Kernels
I'm done witlh dames
They fuss a4d they lie;
They prey on us males
Till the day we die.
They tease and torment us,
They drive us to sin . . .
Say, who was that co-ed .
That just walked in?
The Virginia Tech.
Sweet young thing's voice from
darkened theatre: "Take your hand
off my knee! No, not you. YOU!
f Cogs in the Wheel
A itJ By Allan Panaill
If the road is tedious, the wheel
knows it not, for it rolls o'er all re
lentlessly. To an innocent bystander it seems
The current sticky fingers epi
demic in Mclver should be checked,
If another epidemic, namely flu,
doesn't slack off soon, South Build
ing might better see to the good
interests of its charges by calling
a rapid halt to all gatherings, in
cluding classes, as soon as pos
sible! It's just about time for that navy
gun to be moved from behind the
Buildings Department and put
where it belongs!
Another unsung hero of Caro
lina is due a lot of credit for a
thankless job. His name? Nathan
Jones, the handicapped, but able
janitor of the "Y." Over fifteen
years of service can hardly be be
littled! Orchids are the order of the day
for the newly initiated Chi Omega"
pledges. Nice goin', gals, it's a.
While we're in the orchid de
partment, many of the same to
Dewey Dorsett for his presidency
of the Veterans' Association. A
good man for a tough job!
It's high time something was said
about the action taken by our il
lustrious delegates to the Student
Legislature .Assembly held last
week-end in Raleigh. The same guys
who have shown time and time
again in the past that their own
ambitions overshadow their judg
ment, have tried to bring about the
impression that they, twelve stu
dents, voice the opinion of the en
tire student body of Carolina!! By
this time it is evident that by ad
vocating and voting as they did on
the negro entrance to Carolina
question, they did no more than ac
complish their own aim of focusing
the limelight on themselves, and
consequently bringing a misunder
standing of OUR viewpoints and
considerable criticism from alumni
all over the WORLD! The old story
of one in every crowd comes to the
It's gratifying to see that Dr.
Woodhouse appreciates Varga pin
ups as much as his male students.
Not bad, eh, Doc ? ?
Believe me, kind people, some
thing WILL be done about the
Student Entertainment. La Men?
Unique, but hardly student enter
tainment! Carolina is really becoming
world-widely known! Last .week
brought the appearance of five
Turkish students on campus! Good
luck, fellows sorry I can't say it
Ben, dispenser of good will and
ditto spirits at Harry's, asks that
anyone wanting to enter said es
tablishment after closing hours,
kindly knock on the door, and
pu-leese don't kick out the win
dows! I wonder how many know that
the majority of the chimneys atop
the Carolina Inn are no more than
duds! Just bricks, kids, no smoke!
Still can't understand how Doc
Sutton gets away with charging
10c for a cup of coffee! The war
is over, Doc, and the Pre-Flights
According to Wallace and Nello,
of Porthole fame, they miss their
old friends and customers. Drop by,
nightowls, the boys are still there
Without a doubt:
Space will be reserved each is
sue for the very promising basket
ball squad that started their sea
son with a win over Camp Lee last
Wednesday night. More power to
you, men, and in 2-point hunks!
And though life ceases for us all,
the cogs grind on . . . :
t - - -
VIEWS of the NEWS
By Sara Tillett
In This . . .
. . Poet's . .
. . . Corner
Mahatma Ghandi left college be
cause all the girls were after his
By Jinx Helm
Winter moon . . . shed your silver
shafts of light . . . with care this
night . . . upon hearts untouched
by longing for the undefined.
Be soft ... be gentle ... when
you weave your spell on the
young in heart . . . the young in
Make this night . . . one of endless
delight as once you did for me;
sprinkle Stardust in their hearts
. . . shield them from reality.
The air is crisp . . . the night is
clear . . . the month is that of
December; but yours is the power
in this moonlit hour ... to make
it a night to remember.
Darkness ... is that which comes
when light relinquishes her claim
to day; for when the last crimson
shades of sunset melt against the
dimming sky . . , and drip into
the bay darkness is on the way.
And yet ... there is no darkness
ever void of light; for in the direst
of human plight, a candle glows
in the heart that knows . . . the
power of a steadfast mind.
We make our own darkness . . . dim
or bright, as we make our bur
dens . . . heavy or light.
As darkness comes at the end of
each day only to vanish ... as
dawn wends her way in a cloak
of misty grey ... so must we
live at times without light ...
to know the mighty strength of
Right, v .
British bombers were over Ber
lin; .the sirens were screaming, and
people were racing for shelters.
"Hurry up," cried the housewife
to her husband.
"I can't find my false teeth,"
called back her spouse.
"False teeth," retorted the exas
perated wife, "what do you think
they're dropping? Sandwiches?"
We do not have to look as far as
Michigan to find what is happening
on America's domestic scene. In
Durham, ten miles away, there is
an industrial conflict which involves
several thousand people.
The War Labor Board recently
set up a wage rate for textile
workers. Both the employers and
employees of the Erwin Mills ac
cepted this rate. But management
held that the amount of work done
per worker per hour was not
enough, that employees had more
fatigue time than they needed.
Consequently, management pro
posed to increase the amount of
work done by each employee by
one-fourth. On October 8, in pro
test to this proposal, employees of
the Erwin Mills went on strike.
Whether management is right in
declaring that the work load should
be increased or whether labor is
right in insisting that it should not,
one fact is clear. The employers of
the Erwin Hills are using a back
door method to get more work
from its employees for the same
amount of money.
Fair And Square?
Below the surface, there is an
other issue involved in the Erwin
Mills strike. The textile workers
requested a public hearing. This
request was refused. The union of
fered to arbitrate. This offer was
refused. It is hard to find an honest
reason for management's refusal to
present the case to a disinterested
At present there is an epidemic
raging among textile maifufactur
See NEWS, page U.
Stern Applauds 'Murder in the Cathedral
By Dick Stern
Writing so soon after seeing the
Playmaker production of Mr. Eliot's
"Murder in the Cathedral," one al-"
most feels ashamed of using words,
words similar to those employed in
the making of this really amazing
verse drama. Ten minutes is not
enough to efface the thrill of the
finest, most moving production that
has been seen around these parts
for a long, long time. This criti
cism must be one hallellulia of praise
for everything and everybody who
combined to create an experience
which is a worthy and valid enough
one to, by itself, justify the exist
ence of the Carolina Playmakers,
if not of the whole University.-
To analyze, (and thus break
down) the sweeping unity and co
herence of the production, so that
each person and each action may
receive its due praise, seems wrong,
for here the aim of drama was at
tained the whole was greater than
the sum of its parts. But if praise
can stimulate these people to ignore
the cry of the box office again, then
any praise will be inadequate. How
ever, we know that praise can not
satisfy the minds who created this
production; only the inner realiza
tion of a job magnificently done can
compensate for the physical and
mental effort which must have gone
into the making of this job.
For there was effort and sweat
of that we can be sure. As divinely
inspired as a thing may seem, it is
mortally directed and mortally born.
Primacy of praise herein is large
ly a random matter, but neverthe
less the director of this play Mr.
Foster Fitz-Simons must come near,
if not at, the beginning. It was he
who molded this play into the shin
ing crystallization of ideas and emo
tions that it was. It was he who
orchestrated the women of the chor
us into a superb symphonic instru
ment which stringed the themes of
experience into a counterpoint of
life and finally into one synthesis of
faith which swept and purged all
who watched and saw,nd yes, felt
with them. It was this chorus which
Dr. Eliot has bourne, Mr. Fitz
Simons midwifed and .the Misses
Warnshuis, Cooley, Pepper, Hlig,
Fulton, Pinckney, Noblitt, Dockery,
and Cain brought to life $hat is per
haps the most original dramatic tool
of the play and certainly, as it was
done by these people, one of the most
The other outstanding perform
ances of the play (and these can be
compared to super-suns in a universe
of suns) were those of Douglas
Hume as the martyr, Thomas Beck
et; and Leroy Love as the fourth
tempter and fourth knight. The
former's was a dramatic, yet re
strained, subtle, yet clear, exposition
of one of the most remarkable char
acters in the modern theater; the
latter's was the most volatile, ap
preciative performance of a mature
personality that has been done in the
Playmaker theater for a long time.
Other admirable performances
were added by Roger Hall, Hanford
Henderson, Robert Armstrong, and
the Jameses Riley, Crutchfield, and
Geiger. No one was less than good.
The exalting quiet of Mr. Bur
row's settings and the always help
ing lighting of Mr. Chichester were
as effective as they were unobtru
sive. ' AW fn See' the Production
rose to the heights of the play, and
despite the difficulty of compre
hending the profound, sententious
words of T. S. Eliot, despite an in
ability to revoice the profound im
plications of this ever.timely, ever
beautiful drama, we can still some
how feel the enormities of what we
saw enjoy the passionate humanity
of the. chorus and the hilarious sat
ire of the knightly pleas for justice,
and be purged for a few hours, at
least of the pernicious temporality
of our partly-lived lives.