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Chapel Hill, N. C, Thursday, August 23, 1951
S hespians To Give Prog
Read This In Place Of Comics
You Might Learn Something
By Drew Pearson
BERLIN I have just spent an evening behind the Iron
Curtain. It is not hard to do here in Berlin where no guards
patrol the line between the American and the Russian sector
and where, if you flash a White House press card, and look
reasonably important, you can attend even the most exclu
sive of the Communist youth shows.
Berlin tonight is a city of vivid dramatic contrast miles
of bunting and flags of every nation but particularly and
ironically the flags of peace. Sandwiched in between almost
every national flag is the blue and white emblem of peace.
Standing out against the gaunt bombgutted ruins of Berlin,
they made a genuine appeal to the tired population which
never wants to see war again.
There were other contrasts. A Chech youth orkestra in
immaculate blue and white uniforms played before the
pillars of Berlin's bombed-out opera house. They played
wall and sang well. At one side stood shiny new Chech
buses made in the Skoda Munitions Works. One thousand
of these buses brought the Chech youth delegation to this
year's rally and they now stood in contrast to the bomb
wrecked weary pillars of the old opera house.
Across from the Kaiser's once-ornate palace which the
Russians tore down and removed piece by piece, a great
platform stood in front of the bomb-shattered museum. The
inside was an empty shell but outside a Russian ballet, a
girl in Georgian costume, and Finish folk dancers all per
formed. It was Russia's youth exhibition and you had to
admit it was good. Lighting, acoustics, and staging were all
perfect; the music excellent and the dancing superb. I
couldn't tell what the girl in the Georgian costum said when
she sang a ballad dedicated to Stalin and I don't think many
of the German Communists could either. But they liked
her voice and applauded just the same.
To read the headlines in American newspapers you got
the impression that the Berlin -youth rally was a flop. It
wasn't. No rally which brings 2,000,000 youngsters together
from all parts of the world is a flop and it is no use kidding
The State Department, with a meager budget, did a
miraculous job of attracting a quarter of a million German
youths into the Western sector, giving them food, literature
and a sight of the vastly better living standards on our side
of the Iron Curtain. But when the rally was only half over,
orders came to close up certain youth depots. The food
was costing $12 per day at one center and the State Depart
ment's budget was exhausted. Congressman Taber of New
York, and Clevenger of Ohio and other economizers had
pinched too many pennies and a great opportunity was
thus snuffed out.
However, three-quarter of a million other youngsters
never entered West Berlin. They braved the straw spread
out in schoolrooms for them at night, put up with the poor
Communist food and attended ballyhoo programs, all for
the sake of Communism. And a score of 75 per cent against
25 per cent means that eventually democracy loses out to
If you arrived early enough and flashed a White House
press card, a U. S. Military pass or even a District of Colum
bia police pass, an American could get into the most popular
and packed performance of them all The North Korean.
Seeing the Korean show gave some idea of the propaganda
barrage this youth congress was subjected to. The high-
light of the performance was a dance operetta in which a
Korean mother, her child killed by Americans, is the hero
ine. The scene which really brought down the house was
that in which she throws three grenades into an American
camp. Three Americans then tear her clothes half off and
take turns beating her while she takes from her blouse the
flag of the Peoples Republic. Then, just the Americans tie
her to a tree preparing to shoot her, a shot rings out and
Korean guerrillas come to her rescue. The heroine then
shoots an American officer at point-blank range.
At this point the audience goes wild; there is 20 minutes
of applause; the Korean actors get curtain call after curtain
call and Russian ladies rush up to embrace the embarassed
but happy Korean orkestra leader. The audience then
leaves, chanting "Ami, go home!" the slogan of derision
for Americans thrown at us from the Adriatic to the Baltic.
This is a sample of the propaganda drilled in on the
youths at the rally and there's no use in kidding ourselves
about its effect.
I sat in one youth center in West Berlin talking to three
boys from Saxony one a carpenter's apprentice, one a
(See READ THIS, Page 2)
YMCA To Entertain
Camp Burner Boys
A group of 25 boys from the
Camp Butnex Youth Center will
be guests ct the YMCA for a
visit to Carolina, on this Sat
urday. August 25. The program
includes a tour , of the campus,
swimming in the University
pooL a talk on Carolina tradi
tions and the Honor System by
Honor Council Chairman Allan
Milledge, and an informal re
ception in Graham Memorial at
7:15 p.m. The visit will be con
cluded by a visit to the More
All interested students and
faculty members are also in
vited to attend the reception.
Ku Klux Urges
By Bruce Melton
WIIITEVILLE Thomas L.
Hamilton of Leesville, S. C,
grand dragon of the Association
of the Carolina Klan speaking at
the cross burning and organiza
tional meeting last Saturday
night asked his audience to "boy
cott the University of North Car
olina." "I have only one daughter,"
he declared, "but if she were in
the University of North Caro
lina, I'd take her out and never
let her darken the door of the
This was the first mass meet
ing of the Ku Klux Klan in
North Carolina in several years.
The Klan assembled in a field,
leased from a local farmer, eight
miles south of here for their pub
lic speaking and cross burning
that attracted an estimated 5000
spectators. The Klansmen, ap
proximately 120, appeared with
their robes and masks but most
(See KLAN, Page 8)
Two new officers have joined
the staff of the NROTC unit here,
it was announced this week by
Captain John S. Keating, USN,
They are Major Frank C. Cald
well, USMC, a native of Spartan
burg, S. C, and Lt. Thomas E.
Bass, III, a native of Richmond,
Major Caldwell, who is serv
ing as Marine Officer-Instructor,
succeeds Lt. Col. B. W. McLean
who was detached in June and
is now serving overseas. A grad
uate of Davidson College, Major
Caldwell entered the Marine
Corps as a second lieutenant in
1942. He became a qualified
marine parachutist after attend
ing school at Camp Lejeune and
served with the First Marine Pa
rachute Regiment from 1942-44
in several campaigns in the Solo
He was awarded the Navy
Cross and Purple Heart medals
while serving with the Fifth,
Marine Division during the Iwo
Jima campaign in early 1945.
Following World War II Major
Caldwell served in various posts
(See NROTC, Page 5)
One-Act Plays, Concert
Scheduled For Tonight
By Playmakers, Choir
The Summer Session Chorus and the Playmakers will
both conclude their summer activities with performances
The Chorus, under the direction of Richard Cox, will
present a concert of choral music in Hill Hall at 8:30, and
the Playmakers will hold
an experimental production of
Enrollment here for the Fall
Quarter is expected to drop to
about 5,200 or approximately
1,700 less than last year Director
of Admissions Roy Armstrong
He attributes the decrease to
the war in Korea, the national
mobilization, and the draft. If
conditions continue as they are,
or grow worse, the enrollment
will probably drop to around
5,000, Armstrong said. "The Se
lective Service hits quarter sys
tem schools harder than semes
ter schools," he explained.
From 500 to 600 freshmen are
expected to enter this fall. These
students, along with the 250
freshmen who began their studies
this summer, will bring tne size
of the class of '55 to about 750
persons, which is more than 100
less than last year.
Approximately a third of these
entering freshmen will be able
join either the Naval or Air Force
ROTC and thus insure their ex
emption from the draft until their
Classes Begin Sept. 20
Classes for the Fall Quarter
will begin on September 20, fol
lowing the registration of upper
classmen on September 18-19.
Duke, and State will also begin
classes on September 20, and
both, along with Wake Forest,
have indicated that they are ex
pecting a decrease in enrollment
due to the war situation.
Housing Director James Wads
worth has announced that all
men's dormitories are currently
filled for the Fall Quarter. How
ever there are expected to be
enough cancellations of rescrva-
(See ENROLLMENT, Page J)
three new student-written one
act plays in the Playmakers'
Theatre also at 8:30. Both event J
are open to. the public, free of
With a membership of about 60
students, faculty members and
townspeople, the Chorus will
feature the Bach cantata no. 78.
Based on the old German hymn,
"Jesu, der du meine Seele," this
cantata was written by Bach to
be sung at his Leipzig church on
the fourteenth Sunday after
Trinity in 1740. The second half
of the program will include a
group of modern choral compo
sitions by Paul Ilindemith, Sam
uel Barber and Ralph Vaughan
Williams; a group of folksong ar
rangements by Charles Bryan,
Gustav Hoist, and Katherine K.
Davis; and the "Inflammatus"
from Rossini's "Stabat Mater."
Soloists for the concert tonight
will be Anne Lynch, soprano,
John Bridges, tenor, and Edgar
vom Lehn, bass-baritone.
Miss Lynch, now a resident of
Chapel Hill, was graduated in
music from Mary Washington col
lege of the University of Virginia.
She has been studying music here
for the past two years and is a
soloist at the Methodist Church.
Mr. Bridges is a graduate of th
dramatic arts department and is
now associated with the Firsl
Presbyterian Church in Burling
ton. While a student here, he
sang leading roles in Planquette's
"Chimes of Normandy" and
Gluck's "Orpheus." He will be
heard tonight in the tenor recita
tive and aria from the Bach can
tata. One of Chapel Hill's favorite'
singers, Mr. vom Lehn will also
be heard in the Bach cantata.
For four years a graduate assist
ant in the music department, he
has since been associated with
the music department of Pomona
College in California. He is now
returning to this area to direct
music in the new Burlington high
school. During his former resi
dence here, he sang many times
(See CHORUS, Page 8)
FINAL EXAM SCHEDULE
Final Summer ierm examinations will be held on
Monday and Tuesday of next week, August 27 and 23.
The first column below lists the limes at which the
classes meet and the secoend gives the hours at which
which the examinations for those courses will be given.
Examinations for double hour courses may start at the
discretion of the instructor and cover three hours but
must utilize the periods indicated by the schedule. Ex
aminations for accounting courses will be arranged by
the instructor and announced to the class.
Monday, August 27
10:00 3-5 P.M.
12:00 11 A.M.-1 P.M.
11:00 8-10 A.M.
Tuesday, August 23
8:00 8-10 A.M.
9:00 11 A.M.-l P.T-L
All othars 3-5 P.M.