North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
v i ,rT i i
The Tar Heel
V. j. w I ..........
--im a. . V v,
H2nd Year Of Editorial Freedom
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Tuesday, June 18, 1974
Vol. 01, uo. 9
Founded February 23, 1893
a; . O O O
Uy Vvy Ji ' JL 11 Ll Vj
i i it I;
1 L r
.1 o .
from the wir$
Nixon welcomed by Eussein in Jordan
A?,1M Af 1 President Nixon received a warm welcome Monday in Jordan which is
the last stop in Nixon's Middle East tour. He was greeted by Jordan's King Hussein,
who speke of the need for the disengagement of Israeli and Jordanian soldiers. For
details, see the boxed story, page two.
China and France explode the Bomb
fJZW YORK China and France exploded nuclear bombs only hours apart
f.'onday. The unannounced tests mark the first time in history two such blasts were
reported to occur in one day. For details see "France and China test bombs" on page
Senate begins floor fight on tax reform
WASHINGTON The Senate Monday began the year's first serious floor fight
ever tax reform, which could lead to a small tax cut for individuals and a huge tax
increase for oil companies. Debate immediately centered on the oil depletion
allowance, and a vote on whether to end the $2 biEIton-a-year tax break could come
before Tuesday afternoon.
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy called the depletion allowance "the most notorious tax
loophole for many years," especially with "soaring" oil company profits.
Sen. John Tower, R-Tex., said however, that it was simply a method of giving oil
companies the same deduction that other companies get on non-renewable capital
resources, and that the effort to end it was based on "blind hatred rather than
SAL i : won't be signed this trip
WASHINGTON Defense Secretary James R. Schlesinger said Monday there
was little chance of a Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) being signed during
President Nixon's Moscow trip but a temporary agreement could be reached if the
Russians were willing to "restrain" their weapons programs.
In a Pentagon news conference, Schlesinger said he did not believe Nixon was
rushing to get some sort of agreement and would concede too much to brighten his
image in the midst of impeachment hearings.
In fict, Schlesinger said, he did not believe a temporary agreement or something
else short of a comprehensive pact "would Indeed strengthen Nixon's hand."
Cambodian troops launch big operation
FHNOM PENH Cambodian government troops, launching one of their biggest
operations, killed more than 100 rebels Monday in fighting 11 miles north of Phnom
Penh, field reporters said.
The drive by six battalions of infantry each with more than 500 men supported
by 60 armored personnel carriers is aimed at relieving two besieged government
positions at Long Vek.The government lost 13 killed and 70 wounded in the day-long
fighting, which occurred at Komchat Preay.a mile west of Highway 5, Phnom Penh's
link to the northern rice-growing areas.
The Long Vek positions, manned by 4,000 defenders accompanied by 1,000
dependants, are the last major government strongholds between Phnom Penh and
the provincial capital of Kompong Chhnang, 57 miles northwest of here.
Bomb explodes in Westminster Hall
LONDON . A bomb presumed planted by the Irish Republican Army exploded a
few yards from the chamber of the House of Commons Monday, setting fire to 900-year-old
Westminster Hail, one of the kingdom's most hallowed buildings.
Scotland Yard said 11 persons were Injured, although only one a cleaning
woman was hospitalized with a broken leg.
Although police would not definitely say the bomber who breached the tight
security around Parliament was an IRA member, a caller with an Irish accent who
warned of the bomb used a code word employed prior to previous blasts attributed to
the organization. The bomb, which shattered a gas-main, setting off a fire, caused
considerable damage to various rooms of Westminster Hall, but only light damage in
the great hall itself.
TrnwnPir cries t rhunnr
WHil V J1VU,0 GaCiUiAl v.U VUili- U,
The Supreme Court has been asked by five
North Carolina convicts facing death,
including one from Chapel Hill, to declare
the death penalty unconstitutional a "cruel
and unusual punishment."
The five inmates appealing their sentences
are: Alton James Henderson, convicted of
rape and first degree burglary; Henry N.
Jarrette, convicted of murder and rape;
Albert Crowder, convicted of murder;
Tommy Noell, convicted of the rape of a
Chapel Hill nurse; and David Earl Dillard,
convicted of murdering his wife.
The five, represented by the NAACP
Legal Defense Fund (LDF), asked the court
to go one step beyond its 1972 decision in
Furman vs. Georgia which ruled the death
penalty was cruel and unusual when applied
Theodore Boykin of Duplin County was
the last North Carolinian to die on death
row, in 1961. There are 38 persons in the
state now facing capital punishment, more
than in any other state.
In its briefs, the LDF argued that the
death penalty is still being applied in an
arbitrary manner, most often against the
Psrt'y cloudy today with hSghs in
the low 0s. Low3 tonight will be In the
SCs. The humidity is 45 per cent and
cfcsnce of rain is 23 per cent this
aftarnocn decreasing to 10 per cent
of United Press International
poor and the black. Twenty-six of the 38
inmates awaiting death are black.
If the Supreme Court refuses to hear the
case or rules against the convicts, the inmates
will be executed unless their sentence is
commuted by Governor James Holshouser.
In the past, the governor has expressed
, personal opposition to the death penalty.
The court is not expected to make a
decision on whether to hear the case until
In April, the General Assembly lifted the
mandatory death sentence for burglary and
first degree arson, but retained it for first
degree murder and first degree rape. The
Consumption of beer or wine on
Chapel Hill's streets, sidewalks,
alleyways and municipal parking lots
will be a misdemeanor offense,
according to a new ordinance prepared
by town attorneys this week.
The present ordinance already
forbids public consumption, but-it has
not been enforced in recent months
because town officials fear its language
may be unconstitutionally vague.
Chapel Hill Police Legal Advisor
1 M I ! N
C, "'--- I
by Joel Orinkley
Student Body President Marcus Williams
expressed displeasure Monday with
alterations the UNC Board of Trustees made
on a desegregation resolution Williams
introduced during the trustees' meeting
The resolution called for endorsement by
the trustees of "wholehearted support of the
concept of desegregation so that all students,
regardless of race, will be able to obtain the
kind of higher education they need."
The resolution also states that the UNC
student body does not "properly reflect the
socio-cultural environment of North
Carolina, particularly with respect to the
inclusion of minority race students in all
levels of educational opportunities."
The wording of the latter statement was
criticized by Board Chairman Henry Foscue
who said, "I don't know that we want to say
that we don't properly reflect the socio
economic character of the state."
Trustee Tom Lambeth changed this
paragraph to read: "The effort to reflect
properly the socio-cultural environment of
'Americans being filed away'
WASHINGTON (UPI) Senate
investigators disclosed Monday they
have discovered 858 federal government
data banks, containing more than a
billion records on individuals.
"I suspect there are many more we
haven't found," Sen. Sam J. Ervin Jr.,
Ervin, chairman of the Senate
Hint 'Med sissiiesu;
by Sandra Millers
Two UNC students have filed a suit in
Greensboro for a court order to end the
allocation of student fees to support the
UNC Black Student Movement (BSM).
Robert Lane Arrington, a third-year U NC
law student from Waynesville, N.C., and
Lawrence A. Uzzell, a UNC graduate
student in history from Garden City, N.C.,
filed the suit in U.S. Middle District Court
Thursday, asking that it be declared a class
Arrington is a former officer of Avery
dormitory and one of six plaintiffs whd
brought suit against University officials in
1972 to halt student fee allocations for The
Daily Tar Heel. That suit is still pending and
will ultimately be decided by Chief Judge
Eugene A. Gordon of U.S. Middle District
irvrh tthiti m
U,VU 11 uunw
change came after the five were sentenced.
In its brief the LDF said there were 103
persons on death row in 12 states, including
Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Massachusetts,
Montana, New Mexico, Pennsylvania,
South Carolina, North Carolina, Texas,
Utah and Virginia.
The LDF attorneys said the North
Carolina Supreme Court had no power to
make law by revising the state death penalty
statute. The state high court brought the
state's law in line with the 1972 U.S.
Supreme Court ruling by eliminating jury
discretion of a life or death sentence for those
convicted of capital crimes.
- wiee bam
Jean Boyles testified at last week's
Board of Aldermen meeting that the
non-enforcement had caused numerous
The aldermen were scheduled to
consider the new version at their
Monday night meeting.
The present ordinance also forbids
public display of alcoholic beverages,
but that clause was nullified by the
North Carolina Supreme Court last
this state ... is a continuing one
Trustee John Wilkinson said another
paragraph from the resolution had "an
obvious'intent to show that we haven't done
our jobs." This paragraph originally called
the board to "ask the other boards of trustees
of the constituent institutions of this
Consolidated University to join in a united
effort to speedily bring about the changes
necessary to provide a diversity and, at the
same time, comparable quality educational
opportunities for all students."
The newly-worded version., read, "The
board renews its commitment to work with
the other institutions in a united effort to
continue bringing about changes necessary
Following all the amendments, trustee
John Wilkinson complained that the
resolution, which he originally opposed
because of possible misinterpretations, now
said nothing new. Wilkinson cast the only .
vote against the resolution.
Williams said Monday that "these actions
are indicative of (the board's) attitudes
concerning desegregation." "The board
members feel they have made a positive
constitutional rights subcommittee,
released a four-year study on federal
data banks in preparation for hearings
on bills which would provide citizens
with protection of their privacy. The
hearings open today.
Ervin said the study showed the need
for legislation "to keep Americans from
being numbered, punched, processed
and filed away."
In filing their suit Thursday, Uzzell and
Arrington said the Black Student Movement
is "composed exclusively of persons of the
black race for the purpose of promoting the
separate racial and cultural identity of
persons of the black race." They contended
that support of the BSM by mandatory
student fees deprives non-black students of
equal protection under the law.
The .Black Student Movement
constitution states that the BSM
membership "shall be every black student."
Arrington and Uzzell also challenged the
constitutionality of student government
regulations which they say allow members of
the Campus Governing Council and Honor
Court to be appointed strictly on the basis of
The suit was filed against UNC President
William C. Friday, Chancellor Ferebee
Taylor, Vice-Chancellor in charge of
Wilson Library looms high in the minds of UNC students as
time for final exams draws near. The awesome structure,
pictured above, will becoms a we I! known feature of the
statement," Williams said, "but thev .
"This is a crucial moment for
desegregation," he added. "If we submit a
weak plan, we will set a precedent, delaying
the process of desegregation. The University
is supposed to be engaged in a pursuit of
excellence. We can't do this without better
minority representation. .
"North Carolina's population is 23 per
cent black, and UNC's is only about five-and-one-half
per cent blackSeveral of the
system's two-year colleges have the proper
black representation, so there is no reason
UNC can't have that too."
In other actions, the board appointed a
board of frustees for the UNC endowment
fund consisting of the chancellor, vice
chancellor for business, chairman of the
board of trustees and two trustees. They also
adopted a resolution governing the UNC
Student Stores, making their operation
consistent with a 1974 statute. The statute
says that Student Stores profits must go
toward student aid, and that customers must
be University students, employes or
members of their families.
The subcommittee said that 54
executive branch agencies surveyed
reported a total of 858 data banks
containing personal information about
These data banks, the report said,
showed that over 1. 25 billion records on
individuals are maintained, even though
10 per cent of the data banks failed to
state the number of records they
business and finance Claiborne Jones.
Student Body President Marcus Williams.
Student Body Treasurer Timothy Dugan,
the UNC-CH Board of Trustees and the
UNC Board of Governors.
Both the Black Student Movement and
Student Body President Marcus Williams
are preparing statements to be released
shortly in reply to the legal action. Williams
said Monday he preferred to reserve
comment concerning the lawsuit until he had
studied the situation.
Arrington and Uzzell's suit is similar to
one filed in Greensboro last year concerning
the Neo-Black Society at the University of
North Carolina at Greensboro. The outcome
of that suit was a court order early this year
which ruled that the society could continue
to receive money from student fees if it
amended its statement of purpose to admit
non-black student members.
Louis Round Wilson Library
7i tL p
n -i r nnT7Ti
1 i .1-
Photo by Td Mvlnfc
Ervin said some government agencies
cooperated with the investigation but
added that the subcommittee had "great
difficulty" with others.
"Finding out about these systems has
been a duhcult. time-consuming and
frustrating experience." he said.
"The inherent aversion of the
executive branch to informing Congress
and the people about what they are
doing is not restricted to matters of high
policy, national security or foreign
"An attitude approaching disdain
affects even requests for basic, non
sensitive data such as this survey
The subcommittee noted that some
agencies, like the Interior Department,
failed to respond, others omitted data
banks, or like the General Services
Administration, failed to report new
data bank plans.
Among the other findings are that
some agencies have information on
race, drug-addiction and salary; about
20 are concerned primarily with
derogatory information; only I0 per
cent are authorized by law ; over 40 per
cent do not tell people records are kept
on them; about half do not allow
persons to review and correct their files;
and over a third prohibit access by
University can pus to all those hard working students pulling
for A's on their exams, which begin next Monday.
(Staff photo by Gary Lobralco)