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62nc Fear of Editorial Freedom
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l".3tt V's mock. Editor
Who runs Tfte Tor HeeV. Circle
one of the following: a) the School of
Journalism, b) the CGC, c) the
If you picked anything but c go
to the back of the class.
The Tar Heel is supposed to be a
paper of record that states the
activities and feelings of the UNC
student body, a student body that
sometimes seems more concerned
with its physical well-being than its
It is difficult for The Tar Heel to
id fill out the poll
Do ycu I'ivs COn campus or DOff campus?
Are ycu sn Cinstata or Dout of state,
CTreshman OScphomore DJunior DSenior DGraduate?
Th.3 Tar Hsel is published on Tuesdays and Fridays; do you read it OTuesday
Friday C3oih CTJeKher?
Do you have trouble finding a copy of the paper? DYes DNo
eny of your friends had trouble finding a copy? rJYes DNo
Grada The Tar Heel as:
CZxcei'.nt DFair DPoor
in overall content.
Which of the following do you find to be the most Interesting?
CNsm CFeatures C3 ports DEdito rials DPhotography
Which of the following do you feel to be the least interesting?
Cr.'3'.vs Creatures CSports CEditorials CPhotography
Which of the following do you feel to be the most important?
CTIevs Creatures CSports CEditorials CPhotography
Which of the following do you feel to be the least important?
'Jews Creatures CSports CEditorials CPhotography
With 1 being the worst and 10 being the best, grade the following:
llsws: 123456789 10
Features: 123456789 10
Sports: 12. 3 456789 10
Editorials: 123456789 10
Fhcto-rrphy: 1 2345678 9' 10
Concerning The Daily Tar Heel for the regular school year: should the editor be
Sl3cl3d by CGeneral election CStudent Publications Board CCGC or CCGC
If The Daily Tar Heel was self supporting and was published free without
student fees, would you still favor it having an office in the Carolina Union as it
does now? CYes C.No
The thirty third annual North
Carolina Scholastic Press Institute
is now being held on the Carolina
campus. The Tar Heel would like to
extend a welcome to the 200 odd
high school students that are taking
part in the convention.
The three day schedule for the
students is packed with capable
How long has our English Department
been waiting to produce another Thomas
Wolfe? Is journalism snooping around for
Charles Kuralt, the second? Is there a fetal
Robert MacAdoo hanging around
Carmichael Auditorium? I know that we in
education are looking forward again to
sending out our answer to Tom Wicker. (He
and she do exist, but great teachers simply
are not so heralded as great writers, .
journalists, and athletes are.)
All of the departments in the University
have their legendary heroes, and each awaits
another. Years have passed since Tom Wolfe
drank at the Old Well, and we do pot fault
our distinguished faculty in English that not
quite so great a figure has emerged, even
though thousands of students have passed
through their classes.
The fact is that of all the graduates of all
the departments of the University few are
great, more are good, most are mediocre,
and some are frankly bad.
No sane person would expect our
journalism department to graduate a Tom
Wicker every year or even every decade.
Yet, the public expects that the School of
Education will year in and year out send
forth 350 great teachers, fully prepared to
deal with ail the complexities of a changing
school in an even more changing society.
L&e Rumpkstiltskin, the School of
Education is expected per forma to take any
bale of straw coming its way and
miraculously (and in very short time)
transform it into a bar of gold. The fact is we
Tuesday, June 18, 1974
totally express the views of students
when they voice interest in the
general policy of the paper only at
election time, so the poll below is
designed to help us calculate the
feelings of students towards The Tar
The questions are concerned with
the general effectiveness of The Tar
Heel. More specific questions
concerning the quality of The Tar
Heel will follow in later polls.
When you finish, bring it by the
Tar Heel office in the Union.
speakers and guests. Dr. Richard R.
Cole, director of the convention and
professor at the UNC School of.
J ournalism, has done the nitty gritty
work to put together an educational
as well as exciting convention. He
Again, we welcome you. If you are
lost or just have some questions feel
free to come by the Tar Heel office.
of the School of
can't. Each year we turn out a little gold, a lot
of brass, and in all candor some crushed
If we look at the public schools and do not
like what we see, we cannot assign the sole
blame to the School of Education, for in all
teacher-education programs, only a
minority of the candidates' course work is
taken in education. Most of it is taken in the
department of his major. If a teacher doesn't
know his subject, then the majority of the
fault lies in his subject-area department
(chemistry, history, art, etc.). On the other
hand, if he doesn't know how to teach his
subject, then the blame should be placed
squarely at the door of the School of
In addition to subject matter, there are a
number of other content areas that a School
of Education does not teach its students
simply because they are not its province or
responsibility. It does not teach future
teachers to read (it is presumed they have this
skill when they are admitted as freshmen). It
does not teach them to ' write (this
responsibility is the province of the English
department, primarily, and secondarily of all
other departments, including education). It
does not teach them to calculate (this is
parcelled out to math). However, the School
of Education does teach its candidates how
to teach others reading, writing, and
Whether a teacher is "literate" when he
leaves college is; consequently, the
responsibility not of any one department but
During the past spring semester, Drs.
Russ and Armstrong of the School of
Business Administration had their BA 160
class investigate cases where the students
believed that they had been victims of unfair
or fraudulant business practices. One of
these students, Peter Hartman, investigated
the Chapel Hill Record Bar and brought the
findings of his investigation to ourattention.
He gave us a copy of his paper which is on file
in the Student Consumer Action Union's
Hartman, noting rising interest in Blue
grass and other types of folk music,
investigated the Record Bar's handling of
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On lemonade and
The street I grew up on has not changed
much. It is quiet and shady, a cool tunnel
under a sky crowded with tree branches.
There is usually not much action around the
neighborhood. It is away from the main
thoroughfares, away from the shopping
centers and bus stops. It was curious then to
find a lemonade stand even on a warm
I had spent the morning playing tennis and
letting the sun melt away the hops and malt
of spring. After throwing all my energy into
the last of three sets it became apparent that I
had lost any advantage that confidence can
give a person, so I sailed one last serve over a
pine tree, shrugged helplessly for the benefit
of my fired up opponent, and started home.
It was on this plodding journey that I came
across my next door neighbor who was
sitting behind a little table, on a little chair,
next to a huge sign which read: LEMON
AID 8 CEPTS.
"How about some lemonade?" 1 asked.
The boy, who was about five but could be
mistaken for an agressive six -year-old, gave
me an apprehensive cock of the head. "Got
I reached in my pocket and fumbled
around. "Gee, I don't think I have any
change. Can you break a dollar?" His face
went blank. "Well, let's see... I drive a car." I
dangled the keys in front of his
is the shared concern of the entire University.
However, the term "literacy" is slippery.
Everybody believes they know what it means
until they really think about it. If we mean by
literate, the ability to write in the manner of a
high school grammer book, then few of our
greatest writers would pass the test. By those
strange standards, William Faulkner is
illiterate, and James Joyce is absolutely
devoid of grammatical sense.
And our poets would not fare much better;
cummings does not know how to capitalize,
and Gertrude Stein doesn't possess rhyme or
meter. The scholars of transformational
grammar as well as the philosophers of the
use theory of meaning have shown us that
literacy is not so absolutely determined as is
body temperature. Simply failing to split
one's infinitive or dangle his participle does
not.make him literate.
If "knowing one's subject," being able to
read, write, and calculate, and possessing
"literacy" are the functions of other
departments, what in the devil does a School
of Education do? The answer is elegantly
simple and equally complex: it seeks to
prepare men and women who are highly
competent in organizing the knowledge they
have obtained elsewhere into a form their
students can readily understand.
The School of Education is like all other
departments: all that it sends out with each
graduating class are its hopes.
Editor's note: Gerald Unks is an associate
professor in the UNC Schoolof Education.
one company's albums. He discovered that
the Record Bar's supposed discount on its
stock does not occur on County labeled
records. This small company specializes in
Bluegrass and as Hartman puts it "...has
built its reputation by offering a high quality
product at a reasonable list price of $4.98."
However, the coded sticker ("D") placed
on these albums by the Record Bar quite
baldly states that the manufacturer's
suggested list price is $5.98 and that the
Record Bar will sell it at the 'lower' price of
$4.98. Under the Record Bar's coding
system, the County albums should wear a
"C" sticker and should be sold at $3.99.
"Okay," he said.
My whites were dripping from the tennis,
but I felt the satisfaction of knowing that 1
could waste the rest of the day on those
careless threads that tie Saturday afternoons
"I'll give you a dime for the lemonade.
Eight cents for the lemonade, and two cents
"What's interest?" He was having some
difficulty getting the drink into the cup,
mostly because he refused to put down a
large flyswatter that he clutched in one hand.
"Interest? You can find out when you
grow up and go to Carolina. Major in B.A." I
finally got the cup from him, though the fly
swatter had ended up being something of a
I could see that 1 was being roped into one
of those conversations that had a tendency
to degenerate into definitive discussions.
"Well, it means Business Administration
which in simpler terms is a course of study
which teaches you how to sell lemonade."
"Oh." He had resumed a position of
leaning back in his chair and propping his
feet up on the table. His young body seemed
to strain under the affected position lacking
the natural lax of age. "Is that what you do?"
"Well, I major in a lot of things, history,
f -... ; pi i ; 1 '"'-.witWBMVjiijifli1 "j''"!'! mil np i w mm wpm
innmiMS sommnd sumd.
Grad students cite need for improvements
On the corner of Cameron and Columbia
stands a huge factory-like building called
Peabody Hall. The School of Education.
Inside, there are a few brilliant professors,
some fine teachers, a few gentlemen, a
number of individuals who combine all the
virtues and, perhaps, one or two academic
executives whose administrative abilities
exceed those of the average junior achiever.
Recently, a minor storm broke over the
School with the embarrassing d iscovery by a
local editor that one apprentice pedagogue
was but barely literate. Reasons were given.
Lambs were sacrificed.
Obviously the discussion far exceeds the
question of the literacy of one student. It
focuses on the School itself.
For that reason, graduate students were
interviewed in the belief that self-criticism is
not only good for the soul, but also has a
certain verity. This writer's opinons are
partially based on some of these excerpted
and edited remarks made about the students,
the faculty and the administration by the
graduate students the skim of the crop.
One student thought her cohorts were
more or less the same as others in the
University. Other thoughts, however, were
Education students were characterized in
one case as "not being able to hack it in other
areas." "Graduate students in education
(intellectually) are lower than other areas."
This problem is indeed recognized by
Dean Beach and also by Dr. Gerald Unks
who authored a plan to greatly reduce the
Hartman notes that since at least the summer
of 1973, these albums have worn the higher
priced, inaccurate "D" label.
In February, 1974, Hartman notified the
County President, David Freeman, of the
discrepancies practiced by the Record Bar.
In his answer. Freeman noted that...we too
would like to find out why the stores
mentioned are overcharging fprour County
Records. ..We don't see any reason
why the records can't be sold at a fair
discount price based on the $4.98 list price..."
Hartman notified the Record Bar on
March 3, that he considered the discrepancy
to be price deception and that he was
notifying the Attorney General's office of
Consumer Protection in Raleigh of this fact.
Record Bar's Executive Vice President
William Golden answered that "We have
found that there is a definite error on our
part. We have immediately instructed our
stores to change the list price to $4.98."
Hartman reported no change by the end of
March in the Record Bar's coding of the
On April 4, Hartman called Mr. Golden.
He was switched to the office of a Mr. Richie
Gonzales. Gonzales' office again assured
Hartman that the error would be corrected
immediately. Gonzales' spokesman then
went on to say that the Record Bar would be
financially hurt by the C" classification.
Letter to the editor
To the editor:
With the closing of the International
Student Center offices in Carr Building, the
Dean of Student Affairs has once again
shown his lack of sensitivity to student
needs. The manner in which this action was
carried out has once again demonstrated the
basic contempt which he and his people have
for students. As the dingy facilities of Carr
English, philosophy "
"What's philosophy?" Wham! a dead fly.
"That's hard to say, but vaguely it means
Move of wisdom."
"Is that anything like B.A.?"
I lay back in the grass and watched the
clouds sail by for a minute. This was
important. This was a definitive
relationship. "Yeah. ..really they're the same
thing." I sat up. "You see, I might just as well
end up selling lemonade in philosophy as in
"I've already got this block." He spoke
with the confidence that comes with success,
a disdaining air of security.
"Well, look," 1 said after having discreetly
poured the sour lemonade on the lawn.
"What are you going to do next? In this
business you sure don't want to get
He gave me a puzzled look for
'complacent and turned his baseball cap
around on his head. "I don't know," he
shrugged. "I guess I want to learn how to ride
a bicycle. My sister already knows and she's
only in the first grade. I have to pay her for
That seems good enough. I never sold
lemonade on' my street, but then I never
learned how to ride a bycycle from my sister.
I just grew up which is not the stuff from
which ambition is made.
number of admitted students by making the
academic requirements more stringent.
Unks then cited the examples of the La w and
It is obvious that the abilities to read, write
and think should be requirements for
University students. However, is it wise to
emulate these schools?
Medicine is the field most closely
acquainted with the basic human situations:
birth, suffering and death. And yet the
official voice of this profession, the
American Medical Association, has been
one of the most reactionary and antagonistic
toward the governmental programs designed
to help the indigent.
The field of law is the one field most
concerned with justice as codified in our
country's Constitution. Yet, with few
Four days later, there was still no change
in the County stickers. Hartman then
notified the" Attorney General's Office. In
mid-June Hartman contacted the Student
Consumer Action Union. Last week SCAU
again checked the labels at the Henderson
Street Record Bar. These County albums
still carry the higher priced "D" code sticker.
SCAU can only conclude, as Hartman
concluded, that "The Record Bar knows
fully the nature and extent of its error and
will yield only to a force stronger than the
questioning of a single individual."
Therefore. SCAU urges consumers to
purchase County albums elsewhere. Boycott
of these albums will not only hurt the Record
Bar but. County as well. So boycott these
records only at the Record Bar. If you must
purchase County from the Record Bar.
demand to know why they do not label
SCAU will be happy to let any milled
consumers use the SCAU Hotline to call
Record Bar Headquarters and demand
satisfaction. The Record Bar number in
Durham is 919-688-7812.
SCAU would like to thank Peter Hartman
for his valuable help and information. If you
have any problems or wish to help SCAU
investigate complaints such as these, please
come by Suite B of the Carolina Union or
Building are transformed into brightly
painted, well-lit, carpeted offices for yet
another functionary and yet another
secretary and the ISC offices are shunted off
to some inaccessible part of Bynum Hall, the
attitude of the UNC administration, that
students are second-class citizens and are to
be treated that way, will again have been
clearly exhibited. Several years ago a great
deal was made of the establishment of an
International Student Center. The Carr
Building was the result. The people at ISC do
a fine job considering what few concessions
have been made to them. Now their job will
be even more difficult. The lack of attention
given the needs of foreign students is
representative of the same provincial
attitude of a University which cancels varsity
gymnastics because, God forbid, it gets UNC
. no points toward the Carmichael Cup. While
the director of the Student Union passes his
time in his plush offices in the Union, student
activities which deserve a professional effort
are amateurishly handled; Downstairs,
students must eat in noisy, unattractive, and
unhygienic conditions in the Union Snack
Bar and in the Pine Room. The barracks-like
atmosphere of most student facilities on this
campus, including Wilson library, is not the
result of a lack of funds but represents a
distortion of priorities in which the needs of
students, graduate and undergraduate,
foreign and domestic, white and black, are
ignored. Advantage is being taken of what is
perceived to be an atmosphere of apathy
among students. Student input into
decision-making which concerns student life
is either not sought, co-opted, or ignored.
The University of North Carolina is a great
University. Somewhere along the line,
however, the key to that greatness, its
students, have been forgotten. Things do not
have to be this way. The lack of sensitivity
shown by the Dean of Student Affairs and
the University Administration in incident
after incident during the course of the last
year simply will not do.
David C. Atwood
100-C Bernard St.
exceptions, the felons who surfaced during
Watergate were lawyers. Have the schools of
Law and Medicine really been successful
and, if so, at what?
Perhaps then, education needs a better
One of the comments that recurred in
graduate student opinion was that the
students all seemed to be in competition with
each other, they could not work together and
had no pride in themselves as a body unit.
One student, noting the extreme
conservatism of the group, recalled that,
despite the student moratoriums of 1969 and
later, Peabody Hall seemed to be doing
business as usual.
Editor's note: H.M. Pjiejjer is a former
UNC graduate student who has been a
public high school teacher for a number of
Valerie Jordan ........ Managua Editor
Joel Brin'cloy . . News Editor
Jesn Swi.How .......... Assoclata Editor
Cill Kay Sports Editor
Alan Ciibort ... Features Editor
Jim Grlrr.sl3yM AssL f.tang. Editor