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The Tar Heel
Tuesday. June 18, 1S74
by EUsn Horowitz
Admittedly, most people go to the zoo to look at the
But six UNC botany students visited the North Carolina
Zoological Park to check out the vegetation. Or so they said.
They discussed bougainevillaea and other exotic plants
with zoo Director Bill Hoff, who plans to landscape his zoo
with botanical curiosities from every continent and even
from the bottom of the ocean. But what they saw was mostly
pine, grass and cattails.
The bougainvillaea hasn't arrived yet.
But some of the animals are already there, so the botany
students reluctantly lifted their eyes from the lawn to steal a
glance at a zebra, a rhino and two Galapagos tortoises.
"I'm going to bring my hamster here when he gets too big
for the house." another said.
. When completed, the state zoo near Asheboro will be the
largest in the world. It will also be the world's first rural zoo
and the only state zoo in the U.S.
More than 1. 000 species of animals will wander uncaged
across 1, 300 acres of Carolina hills landscaped to look like
the animals' natural habitats.
Elephants, ostriches and antelopes will roam the African
veldt. They will be separated by a moat from Bengal tigers
pacing deep in the jungle.
There will also be a swamp infested with alligators and
crocodiles, an island teeming with monkeys and an aviary
atop Purgatory Mountain for eagles, hawks, owls and
almost anything else that flies.
For those animals which do not thrive in a temperate
climate, director Hoff plans to control the environment. He
will dig caves into the hillsides, where visitors can confront
penguins and polar bears in sub-freezing temperatures, or
camels in a scorching desert.
"You'll go through a door, but it won't feel like you're
entering a building," Hoff explained. "You'll just feel like
you're entering a different climate zone, with different
Visitors will observe the animals from vantage points
along the moats which separate the various natural habitats.
And even the footpaths they walk on will be exotic imports,
from East Germany.
The paths w ill be cov ered with a mixture of special cement
and sand. Accord ingto Hoff, this mixture never hardens and
looks just like sand.
"But I've seen it under the heaviest downpours in East
Germany,. and the sand won't wash away," he said. "It's
Hoff is proudest of the tree kangaroos he plans to acquire
for the Australian section of the zoo. These' look like
ordinary kangaroos, but they can climb trees and roost up in
Although animals kept in zoos tend to live longer and
healthier lives than they would in the wild, the completed zoo
will include a hospital for those which require veterinary
care. Already, one of the zoo's rhinos died soon after its
arrival here; Hoff said it contracted salmonella (food
poisoning) back in Africa.
But he has chartered a plane to bring the remaining rhino a
new mate, which should arrive sometime this summer. Six
rare Grevy's zebras will come in on the same flight, but they
have to be quarantined for six months before they can go on
"We can't bring them oyer by boat because the Suez. Canal
is closed," Hoff said. Sailing around Cape Horn from East
Africa would take two months and might make the animals
At zoos where Hoff previously worked, he often brought
baby animals home to care for them. He once kept a baby
orangutan, which wore diapers and had to be bottle-fed, and
he has raised dozens of lion cubs and other large cats.
"But I think my wife's getting pretty tired of them," he
said. 'The only pet we have at home now is a poodle."
Baby animals at the North Carolina zoo will be raised in
nursery facilities on the site.
In bad weather and at night, all animals will be kept
indoors. Zoo attendants train the w ild beasts to come in on
their own, and Hoff says the training is a simple process.
"When they first get here, we keep them inside for a few
days until they've learned to associate their shelters with
food and security," he said. "After that, they get most of their
feedings in the shelter, and their own internal clocks bring
"The tortoises show up at 4 o'clock every afternoon, on the
dot." he added.
The animals now on display live in the Interim Zoo near
the park entrance. This area will house about 100 species this
summer in temporary buildings and fenced-in paddocks.
Phase One of the completed zoo is scheduled to open July
I, 1 975. Construction of other phases which will include an
underground salt-water aquarium and a chunk of Amazon
jungle is expected to take 20 years or longer.
The estimated cost for the initial phase is S 1 3.4 million. A
state bond referendum provided $2 million. The remainder
must be raised from private contributions and foundation
Only about 6 per cent of the total budget $850,000 is
designated for animal purchases. But rhinos cost $12,000
each, and even a spiny anteater costs $1,200.
The rest of the budget is for construction and landscaping
expenses. Building an African veldt in North Carolina costs
To get to the zoo, turn south off U.S. 64 at Mann Drug
Store in Asheboro, onto Cox Road (N.C. 2834). Proceed 5.5
miles and turn left into the zoo at the sign for Park Entrance.
This summer the zoo will be open from 8-a.m. to 5 p.m.
weekdays and 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. weekends. Admission is free.
by Harvey Elliott"
"Alfredo, Alfredo" Hoffman is brilliant in
what amounts to a purely physical
performance as the reticent bank employee
who makes the mistake of captivating the
lovely, neurotic Maria Rosa. His Ufa becomes
a series of hilarious frustrations as he, at first,
tries to ignore her and, later, tries to escape.
(Last day at the Carolina.)
"The Ballad of Cable Hogue" A comic
elegy from Sam Peck in pah about the Old
West and pioneering and prospecting. Jason
Retards plays Cable Hogue, who turns a
waterhole into a rest stop on the stagecoach
line; David Warner is a travelling preacher;
and Ste!!a Stevens, surprisingly comic,
breathes life into the roie of a prostitute with
that proverbial heart of gold. Richard
Schickel calls Cable Hogue "a wonderful
character" and "the best role Robards has
ever had in the movies." (Tuesday at 8:30,
Carolina Union Free Flick, the Great Hall.)
"Dirty Mary Crazy Larry" Incredibly, held
over for a third week. (Playing all week, at
"Huckleberry F in rf Amateur Jeff East,
who played Huck in Reader's Digest's musical
Tom Sawyer" of last year, repeats in this
second big Twain musical, supported by Paul
Winfield (of "Sounder") as Jim. The
producers are the same as for "Sawyer,"
which would lead us to expect bigness and
t.'andness. (Flaying ail week, at Plaza 2.)
"The Incredible Journey" A bull terrier,
a Siamese cat and a Labrador retriever cross
200 miles of Canadian wilderness to find their
way home in this Disney animal adventure,
interrupted by irritating humans now and
then. (Playing all week, on a double bill at
"Old Yeller" Walt Disney's classic for
anyone who ever loved a dog. A real
tearjerker. (Playing all week on a double bill at
"To Have and Have Not" Bogart and
Bacall again, this time in the film which
introduced them to each other. The plot has
little to do with the Hemingway novel, but it's
all secondary to the romantic team. Bacall
was 19 years old, and her singing voice was
dubbed by Andy Williams. (Thursday at 830,
Carolina Union Free Flick, the Great Hall.)
"The Treasure of the Sierra Madre" Still
another Bogart ("Brilliant" here, says Pauline
Kael), this time with Walter Huston (who won
an Oscar) and directed by Walter's son John
(who won two). Huston Sr. once asked
Huston Jr. to "write a good role for your Dad
someday." Here it is. (Wednesday and
Thursday, at the Carolina.)
"Live Spelled Backwards" and "A Day for
Surprises" Lab Theatre's first summer
productions begin tomorrow and run through
Friday. Free at 8 p.m. in OS Graham.
"Night of January 16th" Raleigh Little
Theatre presents Ayn Rand's unusual play in
Wake County Courthouse Today through
Saturday. Call 832-6334 for reservations and
information. Tickets $2.50 and $350.
The Tar Heel
Alan Bisbort, Editor
Animals prepare for new home
Through all kinds of weather we'll rhino together. And zebra. And giraffe. And monkey.
eflections on one's s
"Zen and the Art of Motorcycle
Maintenance," by Robert Pifslg, William
Morrow & Company, New York (1974);
412 pages; $7.95.
by James Marsh
. Feature Writer
True, the title may seem disconcerting.
For that reason alone it begs to be opened.
Even if you don't own a motorcycle or
comprehend the spirit of Zen Buddhism,
indulge yourself. You'll find this book
fascinating and edifying.
Zen and the Art of Motorcycle
Maintenance is an important
autobiography, but not one that can be
easily described. The book is a narrative on
two levels. One level describes a father-and-son
motorcycle trip from Minnesota to
California. The other level is part description
and part narrative; essentially it is a
philosophical exploration of the author's
past life. This confrontation between the
man and his past becomes a personal history
revealing universal human frustrations,
social dilemmas and philosophical ideals.
Astride his motorcycle, the author relates
a discussion, or Chautauqua, which he
directs none too subtly to the reader.
However, there is more a spirit of relief and
elation than one of didacticism. The
dialogue describes Pirsig's growing
disenchantment with the America which
surrounded him and traces the unshakeable
idealism that ultimately drove him insane.
This is a story not unlike a confession,
demonstrating one man's way back from an
existence of oppressive disappointments and
confusion, to a life of hopeful resolution and
In two separate modes, Pirsig leads us
through his persona odyssey. These two trips
diverge in terms of time, the motorcycle trip
progressing in reality, w hile the Chautauqua
regresses philosophically through various
states of mind. But there is a complete and
satisfying unity throughout.
Following this author is like trying to
negotiate a two story labyrinth, each new
turn and level revealing hidden motives or
past occurrences in his personal duality of
man and ghost. For within the narrative is a
surreal quest for an apparition of a past life,
the whole life that existed prior to his
complete and utter breakdown and the
institution of shock therapy. This past life.
Phaedrus (The Wolf), manifests itself as an
ever-present, irrepressible, ominous mental
force with which Mr. Pirsig must reconcile
his existence or collapse again into that
helpless and tragic state of insanity.
Apart from his ow n quandary. Pirsig must
also deal with his son. Chris, who at 1 1 is
suffering through the initial stages of mental
illness and has more of a need for his father's
past identity than for his present one. There
emerges from this predicament the author's
need to desert his son and his inability to do
so w ithout surrendering himself completely
to madness and meaninglessness.
This author achieves a very unique and
fascinating style by virtue of disciplinary
mastery in the fields of philosophy and
journalism. He is a scholar with a story to tell
and messages to relate. His point of view
must be considered unusual; not only does
he convey a fundamental understanding of
Oriental philosophical thought, but he
incorporates various theological,
philosophical and psychological studies into
a wholly contemporary mainstream of
personal thought and behav ior. The result is
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an account that is at once tragic, comic,
enlightening, frightening, and tota!l
This autobiography represents a dramatic
personal attempt lor spiritual
transcendence, a irunement away lionv
society's "funeral procession! this hyped -up.
fuck-you. supermodern. ego style ol lile that
thinks it owns this country." Out of his
despair, the author finds optimism lor the
establishment of his own intrinsic peace ot
mind. Yet he makes it clear that an attempt
such as his own to unify one's sell w ith one's
lifetime functions is potentially a difficult
task for those who might try.
.en and the Art of Motorcycle
Maintenance is. quite simply, a mind
bender. Robert Pirsig has dramatically
opened his past in a most personal way.
interpreting what .he can in a remarkably
objective, yet sensitive manner. It's one ol
those infrequent books that changes you
ever so slightly.
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