North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
o rn rc ;ftn n n
- . r
f ' r
UL v 1 tw' 1 UL VJ
ii i! i I p I j; i
from th wires
CUIfCS A!?. 13 President Jusn D. Peron, the onetime dictator who defied old
c 3 ends v. :;!; hssrt to return la triumph from 13 years of exile last year, died of heart
cnJ fe&n:y fa!!urs f.'.cnday et the sge of 73.
I i'.i 5tb!n3 widow end successor, Maria Estela Peron, 43, announced his death in
a t: ! :'!2n broadcast with Argentina's military and cabinet leaders standing behind
her. As visa present, the former cabaret dancer assumed her husband's power as
pr::'.:":nt two days ego when he became too ill to continue.
Che bsccme the first woman president In the history of the hemisphere.
miltee can question witnesses
7ACH"GTON The House, in a rebuff to Chairman Peter W.Rodino Jr., refused
r.'.ondsy to bar members of the Judiciary Committee from personally questioning
witnesses in lis impeachment proceedings.
Th2 committee its elf agreed later In the day to operate behind closed doors when it
starts examliing witnesses Tuesday in the wlndup phase of the inquiry.
Hed'no, moving to expedite the hearings, had proposed that only' committee
Ccunssb John M. Doar and Albert E. Jenner and presidential lawyer James D. St
C'.ilr be allowed to examine witnesses.
His notion was defeated when it drew only 207 votes to 140 against it 25 short of
C-.3 tv;o-th!rd3 margin required for the House to change its rules. The panel members
thus will be allowed to question witnesses for five minutes each.
Lawyers urge court out of inquiry
WASHINGTON White House lawyers argued Monday that naming President
fiixen an unindleted co-conspirator in the Watergate coverup gives him fewer rights
than have been accorded prison inmates. They urged the Supreme Court to stay out
of the impeachment inquiry.
In a brief fi'ed in advance of the scheduled July 8 arguments on whether a grand
pry ccn accuse a sitting president, attorneys repeated their claim that a president
cnr.not be indicted and that there is even less power to name a president a co
conspirator without indicting him.
in a reply, special Watergate prosecutor Leon Jaworski said the President's
primary protection against capricious indictment is the fact that a grand jury's
flr.cT.ng is based on the beiief that it has sufficient evidence to make the charge.
ICennedy reunited with ailing son
CUDLEN Sen. Edward M. Kennedy was reunited Monday in Dublin's St
Vincent's Hospital with his ailing 12-year-old son Teddy, who shouted "Daddy,
Daddy" from a window when he spotted his father in the street below.
Teddy, who was holidaying in Ireland, was hospitalized Thursday for treatment for
mi'd skSe effects of anti-cancer drugs. The boy's right leg was amputated last
November because of bone cancer.
A short time after the reunion, they left the hospital together, Teddy
aeccmpznying his father on a courtesy call to Irish Prime Minister Liam Cosgrave.
Thsn they drove off toward Galway to begin a five day holiday together at
Cennemara, a rugged beauty spot in the west of Ireland.
As they left Cosg rave's office, Kennedy told newsmen, 'Teddy is a very brave little
boy, full of humor and fun."
Army determining future of Ethiopia
ADDIS ADADA Troops under cover of curfew Monday began a house to house
hunt to trick down rich landowners and businessmen and some government
officials while a council of officers met to decide the future of the country. '
Emperor Hai'e Selassie, a monarch without any effective power since the army
seizure Friday, appeared briefly in the streets of Addis Ababa, driving to hla
In the latest series of arrests, troops in armored personnel carriers briefly
surrounded the cream colored Parliament building and burst into the office of
Zewdu Gebre Hiwot, president of the senate. They hustled him into a military vehicle
and into detention within sight of the Emperor's Grand Palace office across the road.
irreoect oiiiacers electee
Several UNC students have been elected
to positions in the Orange County
Democratic party during the last 10 days.
John Lemke, a graduate student, was
elected precinct chairman for the Mason
Farm voting precinct, while law student Bill
Blue will be chairman for the next two years
in South Carrboro. Tom Vass, a graduate,
student in city planning, was elected
Westwood precinct chairman. Mike Heath,
a UNC junior, will be first vice-chairman of
the Efland precinct. The four, along with
sophomore Bruce Tindall, will serve on the
75-member County Democratic Executive
edera I welfare
oummmce held on
by Ellen Horowitz
Federal welfare efforts came under
sweeping attack last week, as delegates
from eight Southern states met at UNC
for a conference on hunger in the South.
Dr. Raymond Wheeler, a Charlotte
physician who was keynote speaker for
the conference, termed federal food
assistance programs "shamefully
"None of the existing programs
work," he said, "and it is doubtful they
ever will." '
Wheeler called for scrapping present
food programs, such as the food stamp
program, in favor of a direct cash
assistance system for the poor. "Until we
have some form of guaranteed
minimum income, we'll just be tinkering
Clear to partly cloudy today
through Wednesday with
temperatures in the middle SOs. Lows
tcni-ht will be in the middle 60s. The
chanee of rsin Is 10 per cent through
Wednesday r.nd the winds are from
tha Southwest at 10 rnHes-per-hour.
of United Press International
Mae McClendon, a social work student,
was re-elected to the Democratic State
Executive Committee from Orange County,
one of five local residents chosen, while law
student Gerry Cohen will serve on the 17th
District Democratic Executive Committee
for the State House of Representatives, one
of the two members from Orange County.
Cohen is also a member of the Chapel Hill
Board of Aldermen.
Both of these Executive Committees act
when there are vacancies to be filled.
Only two students served on the executive
committee last term.
with programs that don't work, never
have worked and never will work," he
North Carolina Director of Human
Resources David Flaherty issued a
statement in Raleigh Thursday
attacking the conference as consisting of
"people from New York and other
places making statements about North
Carolina starving its poor."
Wheeler claimed that all the federal
programs combined assisted only about
half of the people who were legally
eligible. "Eleven million of the hungry
still get no assistance whatsoever. And
the level of assistance is so low, that only
10 per cent of those who are aided by
federal programs receive enough food
or other assistance to purchase a barely
A lawyer's caucus at the conference
discussed the possibility of suing the
Food Stamp program to force officials
to make assistance available for all those
"Since 1 970, the poor have become
hungrier and poorer," Wheeler said.
Food costs have risen three times faster
than food assistance payments, and it
appears we have moved backwards in
by Joel Drlnkley
Calling North Carolina the most
repressive state in the nation, black activist
Angela Davis called Monday for massive
local support of the National Alliance rally
to be held in Raleigh July 4.
During an informal meeting with about 25. ,
UNC students in Student Body President
Marcus Williams' office Monday afternoon,
Davis said she was dedicating the rally to
Mrs. Martin Luther King Sr., slain Sunday
Related story, page 3
"This murder is just another example of
racism in America," she said. "Even though
the man who allegedly shot Mrs. King is
black, he could have been put up to it. He is
said to be mentally unbalanced, and that is
just the kind of man the CIA and FBI seeks
out to do their dirty work.
"In any case," she added, "whether or not
he was put up to it, racism is what drives
people mad and this is a rally against racism
Photo page JS
Vi re 2.
( j . ! if
'V r FT
Vol. 82, No. 11
M elver story a slipsho
by Ellen Horowitz
Housing Director James D. Condie
charged Monday that a June 21 Tar Heel
story about a room search in M elver Dorm
quoted him inaccurately, took his remarks
out of context and was generally "a slipshod
The story in question described a search at
3:30 a.m. Sunday, June 16, in which
University police and Mclver staff went
room-by-room through the dorm. Five
apparent visitation violations were
discovered in the course of the search.
James D. Condie
the struggle to feed the hungry."
Wheeler is president of the Southern
Regional Council and served as
planning director for the conference
here. In 1967, he investigated hunger in
the South for Sen. Robert Kennedy's
subcommittee oh nutrition and poverty.
The conference, entitled "Resolved:
The South will Feed Its Hungry," met in
the Carolina Inn June 23-25. The 250
delegates, all from Southern states,
included government officials, nutrition
experts, community organizers and
representatives of religious and
The 39-member North Carolina
delegation was headed by Dr. Elizabeth
Koontz, formerly Nixon's assistant
secretary of labor and now with the state
Department of Human Resources.
Several speakers maintained the
South receives less than its fair share of
federal food assistance, and some
claimed North Carolina had one of the
worst records of all.
The North Carolina delegation
adopted a resolution at the conference
describing the hunger problem as ua
disgrace to our state (that) cannot be
3 S "Vj
Davis said North Carolina was chosen for
the march because investigation had shoun
this state to have the most repressive and
racist legal system in the country.
"Do you realize North Carolina has more
state prisons than any other state," she said.
"This state with five million people has 72
state prisons, while California with a
population of 22 million has only 13.
"There are also more political prisoners in
this state," she said. "And more prisoners per
capita. Most of them are black."
"Forty per cent of all the people on death
row in the nation are in North Carolina," she
said. "As of yesterday there were 45 people
Davis added that many of the people sent
to death row were convicted of rape on
" Rape has historically been used as a racist
tool," she said. "There has never been a white
man convicted in this country of raping a
"Take the example of the Carrboro three
sent to death row recently," she said. "They
picked up a whi.'e girl who was hitchhiking.
82nd Year Of Editorial Freedom
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Tuesday, July 2, 1974
savs Quotes i
Condie said the story, incorrectly
described the room check as a search for men
in women students' rooms. "Mclver
residents had been complaining to campus
police about doors to their building being
propped open and men wandering the halls
late at night. The police found a door
propped open and suggested a security
check," he said.
"When a door is left open, people living in
the building can't be . safe. It's hard for
students to believe the staff is really
concerned about their welfare and not just
about regulations, but what if we hadn't
checked and somebody had gotten hurt?"
Student leaders have met with Condie to
discuss the incident, and on Monday
Student Body President Marcus Williams
issued a statement listing actions be
proposed in order to prevent similar searches
in the future.
"Even though some of the reasons for the
search were respectable, 1 think that it was
conducted in an offensive. not to mention
illegal manner," Williams said.
He called the search a "rather common
abuse of student rights" and announced his
intention to draft a student bill of rights and
establish the post of student attorney.
A resolution condemning the search as a
violation of the spirit of civil liberties and
possibly the letter of the law was prepared
Monday by Campus Governing Council
Representative Dan Beese.
The law at issue is a 1971 Federal Court of
Appeals decision (Ptazzola v. Watkins) in
which the court ruled that students residing
in dormitories did not forfeit their Fourth
Amendment protection against
unreasonable search of their rooms. In
in S until
Federal programs serve a smaller
proportion of the needy in the South
than elsewhere, Barbara Bode,
president of the Children's Foundation,
told the conference. "Nearly 6,000,000
families in the South eligible for food
assistance are not participating in the
Food Stamp or commodity programs,"
she said. "Only one-third of those
eligible receive assistance."
Spokesmen for the Charlotte Area
Fund pointed out that only 22.6 per cent
of North Carolina's poor actually
receive Food Stamp assistance. The
nationwide rate is 39 per cent.
A few speakers and delegates charged
that the problems of hunger in the South
had been greatly exaggerated by
politicians and the media.
Arvid E. Dopson, of the U.S.
Department of Agriculture Southeast
Regional Office in Atlanta, said the
Nixon administration's "commitment
to end poverty-induced hunger and
malnutrition" had already established
an adequate federal framework for food
The conference was sponsored by the
UNC Department of Continuing
Education in the Health Sciences.
ancj. said she made sexual advances towards
them in the car. Then, when they let her out
of the car, one of her white friends saw her,
so she charged rape.
"When they took this girl to the hospital,
they found no evidence of rape. There are
many black people like this on death row in
Davis also urged UNC students to fight
against Butner Institute in nearby
Creedmoor. "It was no coincidence that
Butner was built so near Chapel Hill," she
said. "They are going to use that place to
perform behavior modification experiments
on prisoners from around the country. They
are going to perform lobotomies, and use
drugs that cut off a person's respiration so
he'll stay in line. They built Butner where
they did so they could use the personnel in
UNC's psychology and other departments.
"Lots of people have trouble beiieving
what they are doing over there, but it's true.
It sounds like Nazi Germany."
"We don't control the government, so
unity is the only tool we have against them.
This demonstration is not going to be a one-
addition, the University Housing room
contract prohibits "observation of anything
which cannot be seen upon entering the
Several Mclver residents claimed the
searchers looked under beds and in closets.
The Housing contract specifies that
"drawers, closets, etc., are not opened."
Condie said Monday he was uncertain
whether questions of legality were involved
in the search. "But I'm sure there would be
issues of legality if one of the girls in Mclver
had been raped that night."
Assistant Director of Housing Sandy
Ward added that since the police knew about
the propped door and had told the Resident
Director about it, Housing had
responsibility in the matter. "If we didn't act
and people got hurt, we could be held
responsible for what happened to them," she
Condie said the search was spontaneous,
the product of a decision by Mclver RD
Debbi G ask ins when the police woke her
Sunday night to tell her about the propped
open door." But Student Body President
Williams charged Monday that "It was a
timely raid. I don't think the same
procedures would be followed during the
Condie maintained he had been
misquoted in one sentence of the June 21
story which reported he said that similar
searches would be conducted "again and
again and again until visitations violations
He said the quote should have read,
"We've received complaints again and again
and again about the security of women on
this campus, and as long as we have
id nab lie
by CO Gaines
"We're only fooling ourselves if we
think this ordinance will solve the
problem. I really don't think this
ordinance will make a dent in the
With those words from Mayor
Howard N. Lee, the Chapel Hill Board of
Aldermen voted last week to make
consumption of beerand unfortified wine
on public streets and sidewalks an offense
punishable by a fine of not more than S 10.
But the mayor also added, "I do rot
want anyone to think that this Board has
taken a tool away from the police to d jal
with this problem."
The ordinance makes it illegal to drink
on streets, sidewalks, alleys, city-owr.ed
lots, in municipal buses, and in certain
public buildings, such as the public"
The board had voted just two wesks
earlier to permit drinking anywhere.
A librarian on hand at last week's
meeting commented. "We have more
problems with popsicles."
V .j-' V . si I
Statt photo by BHI Wrenn
shot deal. It's just the start of an on-going
international movement to focus attention
on repression in North Carolina."
The Tar Heel
Founded February 23, 1893
complaints we'll look into it."
Condie said Monday that the searchers
explained the purpose of their check to the
Mclver residents, and that they received "full
cooperation from the girls." However,
several Mclver residents claimed they were
not told the reason for the search, and that
their rooms were entered even in cases when
they did not give permission.
Condie refused to allow a Tar Heel
photographer to take his picture during the
interview Monday, and he also refused to
comment on Williams' statement about the
search. "I don't want to get into that kind of
game," he said.
VV V V
This law is unlike the ordinance in
effect before June 10 which forbade any
public consumption of beer or unfortified
wine, even on private property or on
Police Chief William Blake told the
board. "We wouldn't be gung-ho and
arrest everybody with a can of beer." But
he explained that "when a person
becomes a crowd, it becomes a problem."
"This, like the previous ordinance, will
probably not be enforced very often." he
Mayor Lee said, "I'd like to see
somebody try to arrest Kenan Stadium,"
referring to the amount of drinking that
goes on during football games.
"We cannot continue to hide the
problem of alcohol consumption," he
Police Lieutenant Lucas Lloyd spoke
of several street fights and said. "I believe, si;
that these problems should be confined to
Showing support for the ordinance he
added. "I believe that the alcohol on the
street is the root of the problem."