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Ctie Batlp Car eel
The official newspaper of the Carolina Publications Union of the
University of North Carolina at Chapel HiH, where it is printed daily
except Mondays, and the Thanksgiving:, Christmas and Spring Holidays.
Entered as second class matter at the post office at Chapel Hill, N. (X,
under act of March 3, 1879. Subscription price, $3.00 for the college
Business and editorial offices: 204-207 Graham "Memorial
. Telephones: news, 4351; editorial, 8641; business, 4356; night 6906
v circulation, 6476.
Wffl G. Arey.
CI en S. Humphrey, Jr.
Jesse Lewis 1
Voit Gilmore, Tom Stanback, DeWitt Barnett, Walter Kleeman, Ray
Morris Rosenberg, Jim McAden; Carroll McGaughey, Jesse Reese, Bill
Rhodes Weaver, Donald Bishop, Miss Louise Jordan. ,
Laffitte Howard, Miss Lucy Jane Hunter, Adrian Spies.
Cm Edttob: Charles Barrett Assistant: Miss Carroll Costello.
News Editors: Martin Harmon, Ed Rankin, Bill Snider.
Night Sports Editors: Fred Cazel, Gene Williams, Rush Hamrick.
Associate News Editors: Edward Prizer, Ben Roebuck, Bob Barber.
Miss Gladys Best Tripp, Sanford Stein, Louis Connor, Larry Lerner,
. Sam Green.
Louis Harris, Miss Doris Goerch, Miss Dorothy Coble, Jimmy DumbeH,
Miss Jo Jones, Arthur Dixon, Charles Gerald, Fred Brown, Tom Dekker.
Sports Staff . -
Editor: Shelley Rolfe. '
. Reporters: William L. Beerman, Leonard Lobred, Billy Weil, Richard
Morris, Jerry Stoff, Frank Goldsmith, Jim Vawter, Roy Popkin.
Assistant Cibcdlation Manager:
Local Advertising Managers: Bert Halperin, Bill Ogburn, Ned Ham
ilton. Durham Advertising Manager: Gilly Nicholson.
Durham Representative: Andrew Gennett.
Office Managers : ' Stuart Ficklen, Jim Schleif er.
Assistant Office Manager: Bob Lerner.
Local Advertising Assistants: Bob Sears, Alvin Pattersonjrv Fleish
man, Floyd Whitney, Warren Bernstein, Bill Brunner, Tom Nash, Mor
ton Ulman, Floyd Whitney..
Office Staff: Mary Peyton Hover, Phil Haigh, L. J. Scheinman, Bill
Sterin, Charles Cunningham, James Garland, Jack Holland, Mary Ann
Koonce, Lan Donnell, Dave Pearlman.
1 For This Issue:
NEWS: CHARLES BARRETT SPORTS: GENE WILLIAMS
To The Legislature
.if -. : ' ".
. . ' t ' ' -
Out of a blanket income coming largely from tax-burdened North
Carolina citizens, the legislature, forced to abide by the unbreakable
laws of the multiplication table, hears on the one hand cries from
the people of the state to burden them any further with increased
taxation or1 indebtedness, and on the other hand it listens to appeals
from state Agencies, such as the highway commission, the secondary v
: schools, and the. Greater University, for more necessary funds. - f
The Chapel Hill unit, in pleading its cause to the legislature itself,
in making known its needs to the people of the state through contacting
the people at home, bears in mind the relative poverty of funds in the
state treasury, yet must make itself heard, must make the legislators
in Raleigh aware that if the Appropriation " Committee's recommenda
tion is adopted that a crippling blow will be dealt the University which
Mark Ethridge called the "capital of the Southern mind."
The general scene in Chapel Hill includes a rapidly growing stu- '
dent body 3,400 strong, tweleve new buildings and annexes emerging
through the aid of federal funds, and an intangible but not less real
concentration of the richest fruits of Southern thought, all placing
the little village in an unchallengeable position of leadership in the
education world, and particularly in the South.
Yet, in order to maintain the rate of upward progress, many
struggles are occuring behind the scenes. At least sixty professors
have refused a total of $600,000 in salary inpreases in order to remain
on the faculty, and among the members of the Association of Ameri
can Universities we rank at the bottom in salary levels.
Among these Universities, the North Carolina state appropriation
for the individual student ranks far below the average, and, at the
same time, among 54 state institutions in 48 states, we rank fourth
from' -the. 'top in matriculation charges imposed on resident as well as
Although comparative statistics are not available, endowments
are meager to the point of not being significant, the most noteworthy
being the various Kenan funds of twenty years ago that have aided,
for example, in holding faculty salaries above the subsistence level.
The University is operating this year on a 81 per cent basis of the
1928-29 figure, and yet it accommodates 138 per cent of the number
of students of that year.
In the face of a growing student body, a number of new build-
ings, a new medical school to equip, and an unreasonable salary scale,
there should be added, according to the appropriations committee, a
seventy-five dollar increase in out-of-state tuition that places us fifth
.from the top. among f if tyrf our state institutions. There will, of course,
' be a margin of non-resident students who will not return next year to
feed the University income, and the low appropriation would make
reciprocity agreements unlikely.
- The appropriation committee, as pointed out by Dr. Graham, in
tends for the University to operate not only on lessthan last year's
figure, but on less than the figure recommended by the Budget Com
Out of the confusion of recommendations and figures, however,
emerges the proposal of Mr. Sutton to increase this year's appropria
tion of $717,226 by $53,000 for salaries and $33,000 for the medical
school equipment, a total of $804,226 for the year 1939-40.
With the endorsement of the administration and the support of the
. student body, it is that figure which the University, as the standard
bearer of education in North Carolina, asks the members of the leg
islature not to ignore.
Over 100 Words
To the Editor, '
Please let me correct a misprint in
today's Letters to the Editor. From
"Joe's" postcard as quoted by me,
the typesetter apparently telescoped
out the words I italicize in the sent
ence that read, "I am still of the
opinion that no clear-thinking student,
let alone a clear-thinking athlete,
would register for one of your
courses." Incidentally, this omission
left my effusion, which refers to
"Joe's" clear-thinking student not
to his clear-thinking athlete without
any particular reason for existence.
and with the wrong implication that
athletes were increasing in -my
Very truly yours,
John N. Booker.
O NOT THE LAST WORD
To the Editor
Dear Sir: -
So many "last words" about the
current Buccaneer have been turned
into type-slugs that Editor Pugh
could print a full-sized and : highly
entertaining February issue with
them, and still have enough left over
to weight him to the bottom of any
convenient lake, when and if futility
ceases to be a "literary" subject and
becomes a vital one for him. I should
regret contributing to the fatal weight
around sq, god a rhetorician's neck;
therefore I repress the natural desire
to join the Sir Oracles.
Anyway, the points of both sides,
and of the f ence-perchers, have been
stated with fairly equal adequacy,
even thought not with equal rhetoric
(for the anti-Mid-Victorians have a
greater number of guaranteed-effec-tive
labels to sling). Everybody can
now consult his vanity and follow the
pointing of its inexorable finger. If
he is ashamed to appear as a "campus
saint" among the "forces of righteous
ness," he can strike a proud and ro
mantic posture of despair and hug
his lonely disillusion in delicious lime
light. On the other hand, if it appears
more original to renounce as adoles
cent the morbid thrill to mortality
which he felt alike at "Dawn Patrol,"
at the boxingmatch, and at .Page
Twenty-one, he can practice wrinkling
a grave brow before, the miriror and
join the "students . . . genuinely con
cerned." The concern of this letter is not
with the Buccaneer's merits, but with 1
freedom- of--expression by such non-1
student leaders of campus thought as
"our ministerial friends and their
henchman," attacked in Wednesday's
letters column for deserting their
"proper place on the pulpit"' and pro
ceeding "to blast with full force,"
etc. "For the benefit of the campus
saints," the attacker suggests that
the "ministers confine their opinions
to interpretations of the gospel," and
that "those same ministers and a few
students who have evidently led
'sheltered lives' move up into the'
twentieth century." J
The absurdity of the first sugges
tion, and its inconsistency with the
second seem so obvious that to point
them out may look like the gleeful
laboring of a minor point made by
an unrepresentative spokesman. But
these suggestions come as a climatic
summary to the writer's arguments; j
he believes that he "expresses the
opinion of a great many who pay for !
the Buccaneer;" and his pose of au
thority has been confirmed, in a' few
cases, by Buccaneer stock-holders
whom I myself have heard objecting
to clerical . participation in the con
troversy. To put the case on the writer's own
terms, it would be inconsistent for a
minister who held twentieth-century
concepts of the clergy's social re
sponsibility to make his sermons noth
ing but biblical commentaries. And
this social responsibility is, for good
or bad, undeniably at the base of
modern concepts of religious leader
ship. Perhape the writer's own life
has been too sheltered, and he doesn't
know about these things. Anyway, if
he himself would "move up into the
twentieth century," he would not de
limit the province of religious lead
ership as he has done.
This, however, is only to dispose of
the anti-preachers letter-writter; his
"constituency" have committed .no
overt inconsistencies in resenting
what they call ministerial interference
with purely student activities. The
wrathful independents among them,
confusing criticism with censorship,
say that an outsider has no right to
meddle with the editorial policy of a
campus literary officer. Their allies,
the amused scoffers, say that the
clerical labor has brought forth a
mouse, that there is no issue in the
Subject to Cutting
present controversy large enough to
warrant preaching about.
The wrathful independents need to
he reminded that the strongest attacks
on the Buccaneer, made by Mr. Stew
art, were in the form of suggestions
offered directly to the student body.
That these suggestions have been
acted upon by the student council
ought to be, for these believers in
student independence, sufficient proof
of their legitimacy and pertinence,
for the council members were elected
by the processes of student govern
The amused scoffers are not well
informed. Mr. Stewart, against whom
most of the criticism has been direct'
ed, made his first reference to the
Buccaneer merely in passing, as an
illustration in a Sunday sermon. The
issue was forced upon him by the op
position, and his subsequent recom
mendations were made in reply to
their raising of it.
P TUITION BARRIER :
To the Editor,
The entire University was rightous-j
ly indignant -over the proposal of
raising the tuition of students from
the state of North Carolina, but now
that the only danger is out of state
students, the situation is either ignor
ed or accepted with indif ference. This
selfish attitude can not be denied.
However, the effects of increasing the
tuition of out of state students are
of such a deep and serious nature as
to merit thoughtful and immediate
There are many reasons, vital and
all too clear, why the tuition of out
of state students should not be raised.
In the first place, the out of state
differential is already relatively high
among state universities. Further
more, it is delusive to think that
the average "foreign" student is bet
ter off financially than the average
"native" student. Such an increase in
differential would be in effect a pro
tective tariff, cutting off income
rather than providing it, for out of
state enrollment would be inversely
proportional to the increase in tuition.
As pointed out in the Tar Heel, the
scholastic attainments of out' of state
students are a greater credit to the
University than those of North Caro
lina students. It must also be remem
bered that the fusion of the ideas and
ideals of "foreign" students with those
of "native" students is a chief means
of preventing the sectionalism and
narrow provincialism that prohibits
liberal thought. Then, too, our out of
state alumni are among the most loyal
supporters of the University, and they
certainly could ho. nothing but indig
nant at such an unwarranted and
thoughtless aggression as such fur
ther discrimination would amount to.
And if, for the moment, one would
forget other consequences and consider
out attainments in the field of sport,
he would be forced to admit that
many of our outstanding athletes are
out of state products. Next, consider
the importance of graduate studies
and research, which is the basis of
intelligent outside evaluation of the
University, and the fact that about
40 percent of the 450 students in the
Graduate School in the fall quarter,
1938, were out of state students. And,
finally, we can hardly overlook the in
consistency of the present rapid physi
cal and intellectual expansion of the
University in view of the recent threat
to the free flow of students and talent
At this time, when the final de
cision of the legislature has presum
ably not been reached, it is proper
and imperative for both out of state
students and state students to unite
and prevent a serious blow to the Uni
versity's prestige, standing in Ameri
can education, and intellectual health.
Bernard R. Swan.
(Please call by the ticket office
of the Carolina theater for a com'
Tunstall J. P.
Ward, M. M.
Kerbough, S. L.
Russell, E. L.
Ballentine, Anna Margaret.
Ball, D. L. '
"Bell, Victoria Ellen.
Browder, N. C.
Hall, Madeline Elaine.
Dumbell, J. M.
Howard, R. W.
Nicholson, H. G.
Morrow, Thomas Lacy.
Local Students Win
Raleigh Bridge Game
RALEIGH, N. C, February 9
Four University of North Carolina
students, Robert J. Lovfll, Jr., T. C.
Duncan Eaves, J. Donald Dial, Jr.,
and N. G. Sims, participated in the
Raleigh Bridge club game here Tues
Lovill and Eaves won first place in
a 12-pair Howell section, with a score
of 58.18 per cent. They will be award
ed twelve National Rating points each
and their choice of cups or Congress
Dial and Sims ranked four in the
Out-of-town players are invited to
participate in Raleigh Bridge club
games, held on Tuesday evenings at
7:45 at the Raleigh Woman's club,
314 Hillsboro street. The card fee is
Open In Tin Can
(Continued on last page)
with "Sarah Sutton, from Raleigh?
Joseph Eittner, with Sue Johnson,
Ninety-six, S. C; J. Nathaniel Ham
rick with Mrs. J. Nathaniel Hamrick;
James H Howell,.- Jr., with Miss
Clover Johnson; Edward B. Clark,
with Daisy Mae Scragg, from Skunk
Hollow; Harry McMullen, with Anna
Dean Burks; Emery Raper, with
Adelaide Winslow; Lacy A. Dalton,
with Helen Wilson of Durham; Allen
Merrill, with Miss Elizabeth Shew
make; James K. Dorsett; Thomas
Ravenel; Joseph B. Chesire, with
Anna Turner Knight; and Fred M.
Parrish, with Katherine May of Ra
The faculty guests from the Law
school include: Dean M. T. Van
Hecke, Albert Coates, J. P. Dalzell,
Miss Lucille Eliot, Frank W. Hanft,
Mrs. Helen M. Lumpkin, D. W. Mark
ham, Breck P. McAllister, and Fred
A tea dance will be held tomorrow
afternoon, while tomorrow evening
the official Med school dance will be
held. Freddy Johnson and his or
chestra will play at these functions.
The committee, jointly chosen from
both schools, in charge of the dance,
is composed of Emmett Spicer and
Tom Thurston of the Medical school,
and Jim Carr, Claude Hobbs, and W.
R. Shelton, from the Law school.
(Continued from first page J
commission recommended. He pointed
out, however, that this recommenda
tion was based on the assumption that
tuition for all students would be in
creased to bring in additional revenue
of approximately $400,000 to the three
units. Actually, a $75 tuition increase
was placed on out-of-state students
only, accounting for the misleading
"I am basing my requests upon the
Sutton figures," Dr. Graham said,
though he declared that the Univer
sity actually needed at least $960,000.
The Sutton figures for the Chapel
Hill unit would provide $717,226, plus
$53,000 for salary increments and $33,
000 for one year only for improve
ments of the medical school, Dr. Gra
ham said. He urged the students to
impress upon "the people back home"
the need for the salary increments and
medical school improvements.
He asserted that the University is
morally obligated to increase the
salary of instructors after three years'
service, but that this is impossible
without the appropriation. He cited
numerous examples of faculty mem
bers who have been offered sizeable
increases by other institutions, but
who chose to remain here because of
their attachment to the University.
The two-year medical school is in
danger of losing its standing with the
American Medical association unless
improvements are provided for, he
said. The value of two-year schools,
especially in the South, has been
proven, Dr. Graham declared.
(Continued from first page)
"At the request of many friends,
and feeling the need of a more
democratic campus, with a Presi
dent of the Student Body represent
ing the majority of students, I here
by announce my candidacy for
President. I do not proclaim to be
a politican fordefinitely I am not.
But I do believe in fairness, and I
think the President of our Student
Body should be elected rather than
appointed. I'm not a radical; I be
lieve the students should be allowed
to express their opinions, especially
on such matters of great concern.
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 10, iD
By WALTER KLEEllAX
As you see from tfc f-.--.
Mr. Sutton's bill mentions aa Vn
in the professors' salaries,
other thin Whnf -
o - - &s UVZ.
front page was that Mr. Ma!U
uiuuuucea a nether v.t
proposing that the legislators
be raised 50 per cent, from $5.39
session to $900, and that the cn
of the legislature have their
While it is our opinion that the h
ter has a better chance of
our fervent hope is for the
As another bit of a sidelight q
the proposed increase in out-of.
tuition; The estimate of $75,000 a
made on the basis of 1000 out-sutet
but there are only 975 in school Tij
may seem small but each one cf thaj
would pay the University $325 jj
fees; the total for 25 is the tidy g.
And that only holds true if all
them come back. Some of them wont
be able to come back; some of thea
haven't that much money. Take $325
off this figure for every one tb:
Just saying this doesn't mean any.
thing; but if you out-of-state's fill o
this blank and send it, bring it, or
mail it to the Tar Heel office it migh
do some good.
Will you be able to return to
school next year if the out-of-state
tuition is increased $75 ?
Yes. ( ) No ( )(Check One)
(Continued on last page)
per will be given at the lodge on
Cameron avenue before a formal
,j v:,!. :n u : iv. tt..
uautc, wuku win vi; givcu at um nope
Valley country club, and at which
Freddie Johnson and his orchestra
will play; following a hayride tomor
row afternoon, members and their
guests will attend another dance at
the country club, at which Norman
Bennett and his orchestra will fur
nish the music.
About 150 members and invitee
guests will attend . the, affairs. The
lodge and club will be decorated ii
tne iraternity colors of black aw
gold. In charge of , the event are:
Court Dawson, president; Phil Gun-
ther and Allen Truex.
Dr. and Mrs. F. C. Erickson, Mr.
and Mrs. J. M. Lear and Mr. and Mra
Don Martin, all of Chapel Hill, wiE
The Di-Phi dance will be given at
the Carolina inn tonight from 9:30
to one o'clock, with Ted Ross and his
orchestra performing. A formal f if
ure will be presented during the even
ing. The tradition-covered activity Is
expected to draw about 250 member:
The Sigma Chi's will honor their
pledges at a house dance tomorrow
night. Jere King and his orchestra
will play for the affair. Colorful dec
orations have been planned to carry
out the lodge's colors of blue and goli
Chairmen of the committees are: Dan
ny Deaver, pledges; Tom Kirkpatrick,
finance; Bill Williamson, decorations;
and Paul Roseman. invitations. The
group will be assisted by John Hutt
and Peter Carr, who had charge of the
party last year.
Kappa Epsilon, Pharmacy girl'5
sorority, will give an informal dance
at the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. Ealps
Weaver at 152 West Franklin street
following the Carolina-Duke base
ball game. Decorations and refresh
ments will carry out a. Valentine motif
Arranerine the nartv will be Misses
Anna Dean Burks, Margaret Uoji
Altajane Holden, Elizabeth Weaver,
Rose Stafv. T?1nTirli Rnrrus. Sari
Halt, Lucille Gillespie, Jessie V
Smith, Josephine Eldridge and Conn
DuBose. Miss Alice Noble and mem
bers of the Pharmacy school faculty
will be chaperones.
In 1923 the University was admit
ted into the Association of Americas
Official Class Rings Available
Price Range $14-$25
See Bill Robertson 112 Mangn
i 1 r I