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Tkket Sales Undcnra j
Sweetser to Speak
NaTal Officers Charged
Books, Books, Books
The Four Freedoms
The Sunday Letter
THE OLDEST COLLEGE DAILY IN THE SOUTH
In Peace Time
When Penn Debaters
Argue Negative Side
By Walter Klein
The people said "No!" to the ques
tion of compulsory peace time military
training last night in an intercollegi
ate debate, Carolina and Pennsylvania
in the corners.
Ten voters among the audience put
down "Yes" on their ballots, a new
Debate council idea for this non-deci
sion contest, and 18 stated "No" to
the topic, "Should the United States
adopt compulsory military training in
peace time?" But after the intense
debate 21 persons were on Penn's side,
and only six believed military train
ing should be continued.
Penn Takes Negative
Sheldon Gross and Kal Silver stood
up as Pennsylvania's negative speak
ers. Silver, maintaining that a Ger
man victory would make a military
program impossible after the war and
that a stalemate itself would be im
possible, stated that in the event of
an American victory a war would pos
sibly result with a post-war massing
of guns and men. "Those who have
had instruments before have always
pushed them." He asserted that start
ing a peace time military program
would be admitting that a bad peace
had been made.
Paul Rubenstein, representing Caro
lina and the affirmative, alleged that
such a post-war program would keep
American industry going until a tran
sition could be effected smoothly.
"United States wil have to police the
world against the constant threat of
force," he said.
Carolina's other team member, Mar
cellus Buchanan, stated that the pro
posed training would eliminate the
United States' most serious economic
problem, unemployment. He said the
majority of Americans want a peace
Gross said that such a massive gov
ernmental program would be a tool
for politics. "This meaningless move
ment would be idle in ordinary times.
A morale problem would be extant.
See DEBATE, page U
B wines: 9887; Circulation: 9SS6
Coeds to Get
Chance to Aid
."Working under the direction of
Mrs. Frank Graham, and giving coeds
on the canipus their first chance to
aid national defense, is the new Red
Cros3 student auxiliary," chairman
Bea Withers announced yesterday.
Beginning tomorrow, the auxiliary
will meet Mondavs throned Thurs
days from 2:30 to 5:30 in the Horace
Williams lounge of Graham Memorial.
Throughout next week Mrs. Graham
will be at the lounge every day with
the supervisor, Mrs. Frank Miller, to
show coeds what the local women of
Chapel Hill have been doing.
With the majority of the work con
sisting of finish-up tasks on gar
ments, ornamental touches on articles,
and knitting, inexperienced girls will
be able to serve. The only equipment
that the individual will have to bring
is a pair of scissors and a thimble. All
others will be furnished.
"There are many phases of the pro
gram, but all the work is simple
stitching," said Bea Withers campus
chairman. Leaders for all the dormi
tories and sororities have been chosen
and were released by the supervisor,
Mrs. Frank Miller. They are as follows:
General knitting chairman, Helen
Milam. Smith dormitory, Ruthie Brew
ster and Rene Whitney; Alderman,
Ruth Muster and Jane MacDonough;
Mclver, Nita Sinclair; Spencer, Ethel
Lawner; Kenan, Sis Sherrill and Irene
Masori; Archer house, Eleanor Mason;
AD Pi, Eva Boatwright and Ruth Ap
plewhite; Chi Omega, Jean Hahn and
Ladye Carpenter; and from Pi Phi,
Jane Knight and Jane McDonough.
The organization offers a chance for
the girls that were turned away from
the OSCD because of crowded condi
tions in the home-nursing division.
CHAPEL HILL, N. C, SUNDAY, JANUARY 25, 1942
Editorial: 5; Kew: 4351; Nirfst: 630
Sweetser Is Added to
For CPU-ISS Post-War Planning Meetin
Officers Face Court Martial
After Special Inquiry Board
Reports on Fatal Jap Attack
Rationing Plan to Cut Sugar Consumption;
Peru and Uruguay End Relations With Axis
By United Press
WASHINGTON Admiral Husband E. Kimmel and Lieutenant General
Walter C. Short were charged tonight by the Pearl Harbor board of inquiry
with "dereliction of duty" and errors of judgment that, "were the effective
causes of the success" of Japan's surprise December 7 attack on Pearl Harbor.
The report was made public by the White House after its submission by As
sociate Supreme Court Justice Owen J.
Roberts, board chairman. The White
House announced that action to be tak
en on the basis of the report is "under
study." The charges may lead to court
martial for both officers.
Other officers apparently were exon
erated of responsibility for Hawaii's
unpreparedness when Japanese struck,
but the reports revealed that an un-
Will Be Formed
Ticket sales for the annual Presi
dent's Birthday Ball Saturday night,
.are now underway, tu. Uarnngton
Smith, head of the ticket committee,
announced yesterday. '
Tickets may be purchased at 50
cents apiece from Danziger's, Carolina
theater, Harry's Carolina Coffee Shop,
Varsity Shop, and Carolina Inn.
Student committees from dormitor
ies and fraternities, and from leading
campus organizations will be formed
early this week to arouse student in
terest in the charity ball.
First Lady Coming
The dance will be featured by the
personal appearance of Mrs. Franklin
D. Roosevelt who has made special ar
rangements to postpone her return
trip to Washington after the ISS-CPU
post-war conferences in order to ap
pear at the gala affair.
At Meet Tonight
Lyons Will Head
Dr. J. C Lyons of the University
Department of Romance Languages
has been appointed director of class
room instruction for volunteers for Ci
vilian Defense in Chapel Hill.
The number of volunteers now stands
at about 900. These are divided into
various sections, according to the kind
of work they are to do.-
Dr. Lyons, who has already started!
on the organization of his instruction
staff, said most of the classes would be
held in the evenings.
"The procedure has been pretty well
standardized in the bulletins and guides
sent us by the national office," Dr.
Lyons said, "but there will be some var
iations in each community to meet local
"Certain courses are specified for
each division of volunteers," he ex
plained. "For example, there will be
one course of volunteers in public
works, another for those in first aid,
for protection, and so on.
Phi to Discuss
I The ball, sponsored annuallv bv the
JraiTiriCr Ot JVlOnGV 0rane County Infantile Paralysis
W VVVVry AAVV
dining hall beginning at 9 o'clock.
Both square and round dancing will
At a meetin? tonie-ht nlanned as one be the order of the niSht th the
of the most important of the year, the square dancers to occupy, the small
Phi Assembly will convene at 7 o'clock banquet hall in Lenoir hall and the
in New East to discuss "one of the round cancers to swing ana sway in
most significant issues of the day:" the main dining hall.
Resolved, That the Federal Govern- Kennedy Plays
ment draft wealth as well as men in Rowland Kennedy, clarinetist, and
time of war." his revamped Carolinians, will supply
Subject of heated debate for some the music for the round dancers while
time in Congress, the bill has aroused See TICKET SALES, page 4
widespread opposition of many busi-
Tonight, Carolina students will have AiyOUlS IO JLSe XieiQ
their first opportunity to argue this For PlaV BfOadCESt
r l J j 1 I
campus leauers anu meiuucia
namea ana inexperireu uriny ieu- ment of Mugic The of pen.
tenant was notified nearly an hour be
fore the air attack that unidentified
airplanes had been heard on sound de
tection devices. He thought they were
our own Navy's planes.
The reports revealed that the U. S.
destroyer Ward and a naval patrol
plane fired the first shots in the war jn jj.jj
wnen mey sanit a Japanese suomazine
in a prohibited area off Pearl Harbor
between 6:33 A. M. and 6:45 A. M. The P? h? theCaroHna Haymakers or the
oraoenc xuniertamment series season
naval vessel Antares sighted the Jap
submarine at 6 :30, one hour and twenty
five minutes before air raiders attack
of the other discussion groups have
already been contacted, and many stu
dents are expected to give the propo
sal a thorough airing. All students
have been invited to attend and partici
pate. A compiled list of source mater
ial on the bill has been placed on the
bulletin board in the lobby of the li
brary for those interested in the sub
In line with the new administrative
policy of the Assembly, membership
application blanks have been placed in
Tempe Newsome's office at the " Y,"
to be filled out by applicants. A lim
ited number of vacancies has appeared
in membership, and will be filled from
applicants this week.
Tryouts are to be held tomorrow
for parts in the coast-to-coast broad
cast of the play "Voice From the
Wilderness." They will be held in the
radio studio at 4 o'clock.
Director Earl Wynn urged that as
many students as possible tryout since
the play has a large number of parts.
w Asm jn u i uiN nousenoia con
sumption of sugar will be cut to ap
proximately a. pound ft, week per per. j Cast. Named
son under a wartime rationing plan
to be placed into effect within a few
weeks, Price Administrator Leon Hen
derson announced tonight.
The cast of 66 includes:
Major-General Stanley, Douglass
Watson; The Pirate King, James Ed
wards; Samuel, Russell Rogers; Fred
enc, William Menaiiey; sergeant oi
ll&LBV UKNJii, Australia (Sun- Police. Tom Avera: Mabel. Genie Loar
day; Australia mobilized all defense inff.ciark; Edith, Hortense Kelly;
forces on a war footing today and Kate, Jean McKenzie; Isabel, Virginia
braced for a bitter end battle against Terry: Ruth. Lillian Prince.
tne imminent threat of attack by pow- Daughters and wards of Major-Gen
erful Japanese air, sea and land forces erai Stanley:
from tne INOrtn. Vironnift ArrliPr. Hnch(A Atfias.
fie. nPJZRETVA. ntuia A
onx jrsrjr,cj j. "iosi oaiianon oi
Australian troops has blasted its way
out of a Japanese pocket, and rejoined NeW VeSDer Services
lrt"! Scheduled in Church
sixty miles or more above Singapore, Efforts to arouse interest in Vespers
the British revealed today. has caused the YM-YWCA to transfer
urncrnw ir;- -uj t Ithem from Gerrard hall to the small
fr Arivrr , Qf rto chapel of the Episcopal church, begin
' "fc " -"fc . . I, rril Ml
Harris Will Name Others on Program
On Completionrof AH Arrangements
Arthur Sweetser, famed correspondent and head of the League
of Nations association in New York has been added to the list
of speakers who will keynote the CPU-ISS post-war planning con
ference Friday and Saturday.
Announcement of Sweetser's visit was made yesterday by Louis
Harris, conference chairman, who stat
ed that additional speakers scheduled
would be announced Tuesday.
I Harris also disclosed that arrange
ments for the visiting 125 delegates
from 77 colleges would also be com
pleted by this time.
Sweetser, who served as a war cor
respondent in Belgium and France
during the early days of the first
World War, has been associated with
the League of Nations since its incep
tion in 1918.
His talk will concern the "Days
Ahead," and the possibility of an in
ternational peace organization, ac
cording to advices from Washington.
A graduate of Harvard University
m lull, he noids numerous degrees,
and before associations with the Lea
gue served as Associated Press cor
respondent in Washington. Immediate
ly after the war he was appointed as
sistant director of the press section
on the American committee to negoti
ate peace, and shortly afterward was
made a member of the information
section of the League. He received sev
eral additional appointments to serve
with different League committees in.
1930, 1933 and 1934.
Author of several books on the first
war, and the league, he is recognized
as the foremost analyst of the first
warTHis?first book," "Glimpses of the
See CONFERENCE, page U
Parker and Keutzer
Of Carolina Groups
Boasting a cast of 66, one of the lar
gest ever assembled by a local organi
zation, and produced jointly by the
zance begins its snowing nere on r eo-
The performance will be sponsored
by the Student Entertainment Series.
For the past three weeks John Park
er and Clyde Keutzer. who is directing
the music, have held daily rehearsals
Admission to the performances will
tickets. General admission will be
$1.13, including tax. All seats are re
served and tickets will be made avail
able Friday, January 30 at the Play-
makers business office and at Ledbet-
cow and Leningrad fronts, tonight were
reported crushing all resistance in ham
mering offensives against key towns.
held Tuesday through Thursday night
from 10-10:15 instead of from 7-7:15
and will consist of organ music.
This change was made to "stimulate
WASHINGTON General Douglas I present student apathy in this part
MacArthur's defenders of Bataan of college life" and hope was expressed
fought valiantly against an all-out by the YM-YWCA that these services
Jap attack tonight while US naval will be more successful than the former
See NEWS BRIEFS, page A I ones. - Vespers are open to the public.
Tar Heeler Bites Dog
To Manufacture News
For Managing Editor
At times there appears on the front
pages of news papers published for a
restricted locale a sad dirth of news
news defined to mean stuff that has
just happened that nobody knows
about except the people who are writ
ing it, the people who are being writ
ten about, the people informed through
At times even these people aren't so
sure that they know.
This is one of those times.
This is one of those times that send
managing editors drooling to the near
est pub, shaking with fever, bleary
Yesterday it was deemed necessary
to stoop to that too so often stooped to
concocting news. In the golden days
of journalism the managing editor
would have one of bis younger report-
See TAR HEELER, page U
Local Morale Information Center Among First in Nation
Jim Carey Believes Colleges
Will ProvideNew Labor Heads
nir Panl Komisaruk
Jim Carey thinks that the liberals
and progressives in colleges toaay
be the future leaders of the labor move-
menu . . , .
nn u r.TiiM.wonder of-
the labor movement who is secretary
of the CIO, and an alternate member
of the newly-appointed War Labor
Board fels that the days when the or
ganizers and district heads came from
the rank and file are dead.
Carey, who will explain labor s po
sition in the war at the CPU-ISS con
ference Friday and Saturday, said re
cently, "The Amalgamated Clothing
Workers havent had an officer or or
ganizer come from their clothing fac
tories in the past 20 years." This Is
true all around the labor movement, he
said. It will be even more true in the
Of Campus Support
In Entire Program
By H. C. Cranford
Designed to furnish interested in
dividuals and groups with up-to-the-
minute facts on all phases of the war,
defense, post-war planning and demo
cracy in general, the Information Cen
ter on Civilian Morale in the main lobby
of the library building has met intensi
fied interest from the campus.
The only one in the State, the Center
is one of the first of its kind to be open
ed in the United States.
The creation of such a center was the
University's response to a call from
Dr. John W. Studebaker, United States
Commissioner on Education, for volun
tary participation in the School and
Phenomenal Record '
Essentially interested in fostering
i;hrl action eroups. and devoted to
fitrhtine Communists in labor groups;
Carey has a phenomenal record behind
n , .,. Wamo pBpnt College Civilian Morale Service of the
At the age oi ne Became pieamcm.
nf the United Electric, Kadio ano: ma- . . '
oi xne umwc , i division of the Federal Security Agen-
chinists union, and at 25 he was named
..vrpfarv-treasureroftheCIO. fcariy w- .
in. ' o minoritv ctoud of Com- President Koosevelt requested the
munists gained control of the executive Commissioner on Education "to inau-
iifo nf his union ana ousiea nimi6 vt, -vwv,..-.
from the presidency, since men -
Communists. Lnlist the efforts of the schools and
!1: m YnO 4HIlIllUUid I
His 0PPW - - See MORALE CENTER, page A
See JiU W"- r-m-
-.fe t g-
LfcsSss8a5 if t
f '', ? ttiii. hitemzm
PERSONS INSTRUMENTAL in the opening of the Information Center are: left to right, Mrs Robert P. Weed,
assistant reference librarian and supervisor of the Information Center; Russell M. Grumman, director of the
University extension division and coordinator of the University Center; Charles E. Rush, librarian and director
of the Center; Dean Francis F. Bradshaw, chairman of the faculty committee on defense; and Mrs. N. B. Adams,
assistant in library extension and assistant supervisor of the Center.