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Tbe Sunday Letter
British Hold Singapore
Dean Elliot Sfxaks
Mrs. FDR QtaOeBges
THE OLDEST COLLEGE DAILY IN THE SOUTH-
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CHAPEL HILL, N. C SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1942
Mrs. Roosevelt Declares United.
Must Convince World of
Of American Philosophy,
First Lady Says That US
Will Become World Policeman
By Paul Komisaruk
Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt firmly emphasized last night -that the
"challenge of the future is the determination to make a reality of
the things which our forefathers set down when they wrote the
Constitution and Bill of Rights," and vigorously declared "we must
convince the world we have a philosophy that is better than theirs.
"The srreat challenge of todav is the
fact that we have to win a war. Every
thing we hold dear in this country i3
-at stake. Freedom to think, to wor
ship, to believe . . . everything our na
tion was founded on is at stake," she
A Crusading Youth
"Our youth," the First Lady main
tained, "is going to give itself to a cru
sade, and deep inside must believe in
what they are crusading for." Mrs
Roosevelt, climaxing the two-day CPU-
ISS post-war planning conference as
serted that "youth must know what
world they want to live in."
Before a capacity audience of 2,000
people who crowded the aisles of Me
morial hall, the First Lady warned
"there's no going back to normalcy,"
and continued that America must act
as an interventional policeman because
she is the only country that has suf
ficient resources. Other nations, as
they become able, will gradually par
ticipate until a real international police
force is established, she saidi. "This
is very important,"- and she added, it
will also be very important that these
forces are kept on a police basis.
Individual Equality j
Asked if racial discrimination is dan
gerous to defense, Mrs. Roosevelt im
mediatery responded, "Yes, because de
fense must be built on the feeling tha
every individual has a life worth living.
Persons who do not feel that they have
an equal chance, cannot be as strong
a link in the cooperative effort that in
the end makes for the strength of the
whole democracy," she said.
The United States must be able to
say after the war is over "we here in
the United States have something to
offer you. We are a nation made up
of many racial strains, and we have
lived through many strains and have
proved that people can live together
at peace. We have also proved," Mrs.
Roosevelt said, "that a majority of the
people can be interested in the majority
of the people."
"Everyone of you will have to an
swer your challenge," Mrs. Roosevelt
When queried about the possibility
of a "Union Now" with England, she
said, "I don't happen to think we could
make it operate now. However, I do
believe national lines will have to be
broken down, and a federation estab
lished." This federation, Mrs. Roose
velt said, would be based on coopera
tion rather than competition. Regard
ing the consolidation of the United
States and Great Britain, the First
Lady remarked, "I think is is highly
"I haven't the remotest idea. I can
See MRS. ROOSEVELT, page h
"There are tremendous moves in Con
gress engineered by the Byrd Commit
tee to cut non-essential government
spendings," Mrs. Roosevelt declared
yesterday, explaining the reason for
NYA cuts, and further declaring that
members of Congres who do feel the
NYA appropriations are non-essential."
The First Lady informally addressed
a closed group of CPU-ISS conference
delegates in Caldwell hall, and ans
wered a number of queries, prior to
her coast-to-coast broadcast over Mutu-
See NYA SLASH, page U
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FIRST LADY OF THE LAND, Mrs. Franklin Roosevelt, sits with. Uni
versity president Frank P. Graham, and Josephus Daniels, Ex-Ambassador
to Mexico, at Dean Harriett Elliot's speech to delegates of the
post-war. planning conference yesterday afternoon.
iy zt :. 0i t' v
British Hold Singapore
Against Japanese Attack
Non-Military Age Men Register in April-May;
British Planes Blast Axis Bases in North Africa
SINGAPORE, Jan. 31 (UP) Britain's battle-weary forces stood off the
Japanese at point-blank range across the narrow straits guarding besieged
Singapore Island after giving up the Malaya mainland to a crushing enemy
Singapore's defenders were mobilized to "hold this fortress until help can
come as it assuredly will come."
Australian, Indian and British de
fenders fell back across the Straits
of Johore under cover of darkness and
Royal Engineers blasted a yawning
gap in the mammoth stone and con
crete causeway the only link between
the island and the mainland.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31 (UP)
Some 13,000,000 men and boys of non-
military age 18 and 19 years old and
45-64 years inclusive probably will
be registered during the month of April
or May, National Selective Service of
ficials said tonight.
WITH AMERICAN FORCES ON
BATAAN PENINSULA, Jan. 31 (UP)
Sturdy Dutch defenders of Amboina
Island battled furiously tonight against
the numerically superior Japanese in
vasion forces attacking the East Indies
second most important naval base in a
new drive to cut Allied supply lines to
RUTH, THE COMIC CHARACTER in the "Pirates of Penzance," as por
trayed by Mrs. Lillian (William Meade) Prince of Chapel Hill, in the
Carolina Playmaker production of the popular Gilbert and Sullivan
operetta to be presented Thursday and Friday nights, at 8:30 o'clock in
"Pirates of Penzance" Principles Include
Veterans of Former Playmaker Productions
"Modern Architecture in North Car
olina " an exhibit planned by UNC stu
dents Hight Moore and Joe Rankin,
will be presented today m Person hall.
Also featured will be a show of lath
and 19th century furniture, lent by H
P. Strause, Richmond, Virginia. Some
of the furniture is Oriental and made of
rare tropical woods or inlaid with
ivory. "The pieces are indicative of
the exquisite as well as the atrocious
taste of our ancestors," Rankin said.
All the furniture was collected in
Club Meets Tomorrow
An important meeting of the Radio
Journalism club will be held tomorrow
night at 7 o'clock in 303 Bynum hall.
All members are expected to be pres
ent. Organization of the club will be
completed, and new plans will be made
for future activities.
The principal characters in "The sic department, sings Mabel, the femi
irates of Penzance," which will be nine lead. She received her A. B. in
staged in Memorial hall next Thursday Dramatic Art here last year.
and Friday, are almost entirely veter- Hortense Kelly, New Church, Vir
ans of many former appearances. ginia, senior, who portrays Edith, sang
Douglas Watson, Barnesville, Ga.,r in "Patience" last year.
senior, plays the comic, self-satisfied Jean McKenzie, senior from West
"orphan," Major-General Stanley. Re- Palm Beach, Florida, who sings Kate,
cently he played a gawky, adolescent has been in more shows than any other
Michael in "The Male Animal." girl in the Playmakers. Since she made
Edwards Makes Debut ' her debut on the Playmaker stage as
RANGOON, Jan. 31 (UP) Brit
ish defenders of the Burma Road evac
uated the strategic port of Moulmein
and fell back under a powerful Jap
anese enveloping-attack today to es
tablish strong new lines west of the
deep, three-mile wide Salween River
about 92 miles from Rangoon.
CAIRO, Jan. 31 (UP) Royal Air
Foce planes today were reported blast
ing German and Italian bases, supply
lines, and troop and truck concentra
tions to check Col. General Erwin Rom
mel's German Africa Corps in the Ben
more, is making his debut on the Play
maker stage in the role of the Pirate
Russell Rogers, a junior from San
Antonio, Texas, who plays Samuel, is
a veteran on the Playmaker stage. He
has played in experimental, has tour-
in 1938 in the high school section of
summer school, she has played leads
in "The Marauders," "The House of
Connelly" and other shows.
Lucille Culbert, Marion, Virginia,
senior, who sings Isabel, will be re
membered for her excellent and sensi
ed, has sung in "Patience" last year tive characterization of Aggie Gale in
and in "Pinafore" the year before and "Abe Lincoln in Illinois." nroduced last
played in the first production oi "The quarter.
Highland uaii." Lillian Prince.. Chanel Hill, who
William Mehaff ey, junior from Ar- piay3 Ruth, has played in "The House
lington, Virginia, plays the male lead, cf Connelly," "Love's Old Sweet Song,"
Frederick. Last year he made his de- 'Our Town."
but as one of the comic Dukes in "Pa-
tience," ne was aiso in tne sound and
Fury show that year.
Tom Avera, Rocky Mount senior T?nr Technician EyAITI
plays the sergeant of police. During
fus three years here, he . has played All students who took the Junior Ad-
Welch Calls Students
Will Tour State
To obtain direct information on the
social and industrial life in the South
ern portion of the United States the
visiting South Americans will leave
Chapel Hill tomorrow on a three-day
tour of piedmont North Carolina.
As guests of the Drexel Furniture
Company in Morganton the visitors will
spend Monday inspecting the plant, in
terviewing its employees, and learning
its methods of operation.
On Tuesday the summer school
guests will travel through the Great
Smoky Mountains to Asheville where
Mr. Frank Seely, owner of the Battery
Park Hotel will be their host. While
there, Mr. D. Hiden, editor of the
Asheville Citizen and a graduate of the
University, will lead the visitors on a
tour of the city and of the famous
Vanderbilt estate, Biltmore Forests,
Completing the scenic circuit the 11
South Americans will travel to Con-
eading roles for the Playmakers and ministra tive Technician exam last fall, cord, where they will be guests of a
for Sound and Fury. or plan to take it this fall, are asked group of civic organizations. Later
Feminine Lead 1 to give their names to Mr. S. W. J. all will go to Kannapolis to inspect the
Genie Loaring-Clark, Huntsville, Al- Welch in his office in South building Cannon Towel Factory, largest of its
abama, a graduate student in the Mu- by tomorrow. 1 kind in America.
INTRODUCTION An out-of-town delegate to the CPU-ISS conference
is introduced to Mrs. Roosevelt by Ridley Whitaker, chairman of the
CPU yesterday afternoon.
Are in Danger,
WC Dean Addresses
By Hayden Carruth
"The institutions of the United
States, built through two centuries of
dreams and hard work, are a rich can-
go which must not be shipwrecked" by
lack of foresight and dis-harmony of
action, Dean Harriet Elliot, Woman's
College Dean of Students, told the
CPU-ISS Post-War Planning Confer-
! ence yesterday . afternoon.
"It is encouraging to remember,"
Dr. Elliot said, "that the same brilliant
I pilot who holds the helm of America
today campaigned for the League of
Nations in 1920."
Study of Charters
It is necessary for American youth
to study the "charters of freedom"
that are part of the tradition of the
United States and understand them
before a "new and lasting peace can
be established on the true foundations
of freedom," Dr. Elliot said.
Stressing that future peace must be
built upon the "right of freedom from
want, illness, unemployment and all
the other bugbears that have faced us
before," Dr. Elliot said that "we will
contribute more to good internation
al order by establishing a true system
of national order after the war."
Dr. Elliot expressed the belief that
the "United Nations Agreement"
I would form the basis for the next
league of nations, and will be the "ba
sis for national organization with elas
tic cooperation which will allow polit
ical and economic adjustments.
"The new order must be universal.
All nations, great or small, must be
given expression in world economy."
INDUSTRIAL LEADER Stuart
Cramer, representative of the. Na
tional Association of Manufacturers,
who spoke at the opening of the
CPU-ISS conference Friday.
Expressing her appreciation "for
this happy gathering helping to bring
to other less happy people a relief
from their sufferings," Mrs. Frank
lin D. Roosevelt made a very brief ap
pearance last night before an over
flow crowd celebrating the president's
birthday in Lenoir dining' hall.
Standing on the platform before
Rowland Kennedy and his orchestra,
the First Lady, escorted by President Chapel Hill Hears
or the husre assemblv which over- -"-Cot XVctlU x-xlcHlll
flowed into the vestibules and small
Greets Square Dancers
Leaving the main dining hall after
her brief three minute stay, Mrs.
Roosevelt entered the small dining hall
See DANCE, page U
Chapel Hill's first air
a test sounding, came.
A series of continual blasts of the
fire alarm in the City Hall building
was ordered by Fire Chief Perry, it
Lanky Texan, Ray McKinley,
Rated Best Musical Drummer
By Bob Hoke
Tall, lanky, and bespectacled, Ray
McKinley is the typical Texan complete
with a drawl hailed by musicians and
rade journals as "America's Greatest
Featured attraction of the Will Brad-
ey hand, McKinley appears on the
Carolina campus Saturday for the pub
ic concert and final informal dance .
of the traditional Interdorms set. The
boogie woogie" band will play for the
concert from 5 until 6 o'clock Saturday
afternoon in Memorial hall. Admission
or the concert will be 35 cents a couple
and 20 cents stag proceeds to be turn
ed over to the fund to provide social
rooms for all men's dormitories.
The Grail-Interdorm dance from 9
until 12 o'clock following the concert
See RAY MCKINLEY, page 4
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