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The war and its effect on
college manpower will be dis
cussed by the CPU tomorrow
night. See "Roundtable," page
Partly cloudy nnd continued
CHAPEL HILL, N. C. SATURDAY, JANUARY 20, 1951
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Gray Soys WV1
7s Not Inevitable
. . By Andy Taylor ;
University President. Gordon Gray put himself on record
?SSdoSdbS2f n0t read' to the inevitability of
1 the North Carolina
stitute at a luncheon at the Caro-
lina Inn, Gray also said that the
United States should not consider
withdrawing to this hemisphere
"unless all else fails." He listed
four goals that the United States
should strive for in order'to keep
Gray said that he was "quite
aware" of the drift in the minds
of people today toward passively
accepting the only solution to
world 'problems asa military one.
He termed this tendency "very
"For my own part, I am not
ready to make that assumption
myself," the formed Secretary of
the Army said. But, he empha
sized, this view does not put him
against the course now being
taken in Washington.
To put ourselves on equal terms
with the Russians by building up
our military might may enable us
to talk peace "in the only terms
those men in the Kremlin are able
to understand," he said
Gray listed as the four objec
tives to be kept in mind in form
(See GRAY, page 4)
Pianist Melvin Bernstein will
present a recital in Hill Hall
Thursday night' at 8:30.
Bernstein is an instructor in
the Music Department. Originally,
he studied music at the University
of Michigan under Joseph Brink
man. He received his master of
music degree at that university.
Later he transferred here to work
on his master of arts degree in
During a sojourn in New York,
Bernstein studied privately with
Irwin Freundlich. It was during
his stay in Manhattan that he did
solo and ensemble work at the
Manhattan School of Music.
Last spring Bernstein made a
tour of the southeastern states. It
was on this junket that he pre
sented a series of Joint recitals
with James Byerly. Bernstein is
at present under the management
of the Young Artist's Association
Col. Shepard Leads
CPU Talk Sunday
Col. F. Carlisle Shepard, vete
rans advisor for the University,
will lead the discussion of the
CPU Roundtable at 8 o'clock
Sunday night in the Grail Room
of Graham Memorial.
The group will discuss the cut
rent manpower problems, the
draft situation, and the world
conditions of the present.
The meeting of the CPU
Houndtable is open to all students
&f the University.
An all-day Worship Work
shop will get underway this
morning at 10 o'clock in the
Episcopal Parish House with an
opening worship service, fol
lowed by an address by J. C.
Herrin on "The Essence of Wor
ship." Other events of the program,
sponsored by the YWCA. will
luncheon for the delegates.
ird panel discussions.
Anyone on campus Interested
U studying the essence and
techniques of worship, is urged
,0 attend the Workshop.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 19, (JP)
An aroused House of Repre
sentatives shouted approval today
of a resolution urging the United
Nations to brand Red China as
an aggressor in Korea.
In a terse 28 words, the resolu
"Resolved, that it is the sense
of the House of Representatives
that the United Nations should
immediately act and declare the
Chinese Communist y authorities
an aggressor in Korea."
Only a few "no" votes were
audible as the members apprpved
the policy statement by a voice
In the brief pre-vote debate,
however, some Republicans con
tended the resolution was tanta
mount to a declaration of war on
the Chinese Communists.
However, Rep. Martin of Mas
sachusetts, the Republican leader,
said he did not construe it that
Architects To Hold
The North Carolina chapter of
the American Institute of Archi
tects will hold its annual sessions
here tomorrow through Tuesday
In conjunction with the meet
ing, the University Art Depart
ment will show an exhibit in the
Person Hall Gallery of the in
ternationally known Miller Col
lection, "Painting- Toward Archi
tecture," which includes paint
ings and sculptures by such ar
tists as Picasso, Henry Moore, Al
exander Calder, Georgia O'Keeffe,
Lipschitz, Paul Klee, Theo Van
Deesburg, Ben Nicolson, Leger,
Kandinsky, . Gris, , Tamayo and
There will also be a display in
the Morehead Planetarium Gall
ery of student work from the
State College School of Design lor
the benefit of the architects. Both
'Of Thee I Sing'
: Talent - Laden Directors Leading
Current Play makers Production
By Charles Kellogg
rrl trio of direc-
tors is laboring all day and far
into the night to get the Carolina
tuneful showing of
Gershwin's "Of Thee I Smg
ready for its opening Jan. 27 at
8-30 in Memorial Hall'. The play
will be repeated the following
night. , . - .
Director of the musical, and in
charge of the entire production,
is Bill Macllwinen, visiting lec-
turer on orama. .... --
Fayetteville, he was active for
many years as actor and director
with the Red and Black Masquers
of 'Davidson College After his
graduation there, he was em
Into Red Lines
By 3 Tank Patrols;
No Red Opposition
'TOKYO, Saturday, Jan. 20 (P)
United Nations forces stabbed
deep inside Red lines on three
frozen sectors of the Korean front
today in the face of an expected
third all-out Communist offen
sive. Three sizable Allied patrols, led
by tanks, reoccupied Wonju on
the central front Friday without
opposition. The battered key rail
and highway center had been
abandoned by the U. S.' Second
About 10,000 Allied troops
jumped off across the snowbound
east-central front Friday near
Yongwol, 30 miles southeast of
Wonju, and, with airpower help,
killed an estimated 1,000 North
On the western front, where a
marauding band of tank-supported
doughboys has been harassing
Red lines all week, brief skir
mishes were reported near psan,
28 miles southeast of Seoul.
Small, sharp patrol fights flared
at many points along the Korean
A U. N. division staff officer
said the Reds will strike "when
they are damn good and ready."
exhibits will be shown through
The architects will convene at
the Morehead building at 3 p.m.
tomorrow when faculty mem
bers of the School of Design will
give brief talks. At 4 o'clock in
Person Hall Serge Chermayeff,
head of the Chicago Institute of
Design, wijl discuss the pictures
in the Miller , Collection. Both
talks are open to the public.
The. F. Graham Williams Com
pany will show slides of last
summer's Myrtle Beach meeting
of the State chapter at 5:45 at the
Carolina Inn, after which there
will be a reception and a Dutch
Monday morning at 9:30 there
will be a business meeting in Ger
rard Hall and at 11 o'clock an il
lustrated talk by D. L. Chaney,
engineer for the Portland Con
ployed as a leading performer
with the famed Barter Theatre of
Macllwinen is an extremely
gifted musician and composer.
During the last war, while serv
ing as a beachmaster in the Navy,
he met actor Louis Hayward of
Hollywood and his wife, Ida Lu
pino. A close friendship resulted,
eventually leading to their collab
oration on the Playmaker musi
cal "Apple Tree Farm," she writ
ing the book and lyrics, he com
posing the musical score.
Most recently, he has directed
with great success the Playmaker
summer productions of "Born
Yesterday" and "Twelfth Night."
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DR. U. T. HOLMES
M. Pierre Dupont, the French
Consul in Washington, D. C, will
present the medal of the Cheva
lier of the Legion of Honor, one
of the highest awards of the
French Government, to Dr. Ur
ban T. Holmes, Jr., Kenan profes
sor of romance languages, at cere
monies in the Morehead Building
tonight at 9 o'clock.
Notifying Dr. Holmes that he
was to receive the medal, the
French Ambassador, Henri Bon
net, said the award was being
made "for the eminent services
that you have never ceased to
render to the cause pf, the French
language and culture by your
researches in literature of the
Middle Ages and by your teach
ing in the University of North
Preceding the presentation cer
emony, to which the public is
invited, there will be a banquet
in honor of Dr. Holmes and M.
Dupont at the Carolina Inn at
6:30. Dr. Rene HarHfe, professor
of French in the Woman's College
at Greensboro, will preside. Spon
sors for the banquet will be mem
bers of the French community of
Dr. Holmes, who received his
A.B. degree from the University
of Pennsylvania and his Ph. D.
from Harvard, came here as full
professor in 1927. Since that time
Ball To Talk
Dr. J. R. Ball, retired professor
of paleontology at Northwestern
University, will speak on "An
Old Student Talks to Young
Students" at New East on Mon
day night at 8 o'clock.
Dr. Ball is being presented by
the Sigma Gamma Epsilon fra
ternity. He has joined the staff
of the Geology Department here
temporarily as professor of pa
leontology and stratigraphy.
John Lehman, who operates
the Lehman Dance Studio in Cha
pel Hill, is doing the choreog
raphy, and dancing the leading
role. A junior student in the dra
matic art department, he, worked
with the Raleigh Little Theatre
before entering the service.
Assigned to the Far Fast Com
mand, he put in a lot of time as
actor, dancer, and director for the
Ernie Pyle Theater in Tokyo. It
was Lehman who created the
dances for "The Lost Colony" at
Manteo and the Playmakers'
"Spring For Sure."
The massive chorus, comprising
(See PLAY - page 4)
f Proposes Leaving
: Half Of Frosh, All
Others In Classes
WASHINGTON, Jan. 19 (JP)
Earl J. McGrath, U. S. Commis
sioner - of Education, roused a
storm today with a proposal that
Congress defer from military ser
vice half the college freshmen and
all the sophomores, juniors and
seniors to finish their studies.
McGrath told reporters that the
Senate Preparedness .Subcommit
tee, which gave the proposal a hot
reception, had completely missed
"I intend to ask to be heard
again, and I believe I can show
them this is not so very much
different from what they already
are considering," McGrath said.
In his testimony, McGrath es
timated the suggested deferments
would apply to about 836,000.
Of this number, he figured in
a later statement, 500,000 are in
reserve officers' training, are
draft exempt or are physically un
fit, leaving 336,000 who he says
should be allowed to complete
their college studies if at all pos
sible before entering the armed
Senator Chapman (D-Ky) asked
McGrath whether he wasn't pro
posing something like "a pseudo
aristocracy of intelligence" which
would "bring down on that fa
vored class the maledictions of
those not in that class."
Senator Johnson asked Mc
Grath, "Where are we going to
get our army if we do that?" Mc
Grath said he could not under
stand how the draft age man
power pool should be so small.
At Medical School
More than 100 doctors, nurses,
social workers, State Department
members representing public and
health"- instruction, teachers and
laymen will assemble here today
for an all-day Heart Conference.
The meeting is being sponsored
by the North Carolina Heart As
sociation and sessions will be held
in the auditorium of the Medical
School. . ' '
One of the principal speakers
will be James H. Stone, program
field consultant of the American
Heart Association who will ad
dress the final general session at
Chief purpose of the conference
is to discuss possibilities for im
proving facilities and services for
sufferers from' diseases of the
heart and circulation.
Pointing out that this is the
first conference of its kind in
this state, Dr. E. , A. Stead, Jr.,
Durham, president of the North
Carolina chapter, said "its effects
can be of far-reaching signifi
cance if, as we anticipate, it will
lead to a concrete program grow
ing out of actual needs."
The opening general session
will begin at 10 a.m. with a wel
come from Dr. Stead and a state
ment of the purpose of the con
ference and methods of proce
dure. Lutheran Students
Will Hear Dr. Nash
Dr. Arnold Nash, head of the
Department of Religion will be
guest speaker at the Lutheran
Student Association tomorrow
evening at 6:30 at the Lutheran
Parsonage, 300 East Rosemary
Postponed' Collegians Now
Don't Have To do Into Army
Compiled From Wire Services of The' Daily Tar Heel
WASHINGTON, Jan. 19 Defense Secretary George C. Marshall today announced a
new enlistment policy for draft age college students under which they will be given a chance
to choose the service they want to join. -
Students now will be permitted to enlist in the service of their choice in a period start
ing 90 days before the end of the school year and ending 30 days before graduation. They
will be allowed to finish the school year before being inducted.
Under the old regulations, the armed services could not accept a voluntary enlistment
from a man who had received notice to report for a pre-induction physical examination.
Students now may enlist after receiving the notice.
; : ; ; : : Under the old plan, the student
H ike In M an power
Might Be Required
WASHINGTON, Jan. 19 (UP) Adm. Forrest P. Sherm
an, Chief of Naval Operations, said today the present military
manpower goal 3,462,000 men and women probably will
have to be raised again before it is reached.
"I believe that unless international conditions improve, we
may well have to. set a new tar
get as we approach this target,"
he told the Senate Preparedness
The Defense Department plans
to have 3,462,000 soldiers, sailors,
marines and airmen -in' service
"as soon as possible" after June
30, 195i: Sherman told the Com
mittee he considers this a . "very
useful first objective."
Sherman appeared before the
Committee to endorse the admin
istration's .universal military
training and service bill based on
a proposal to draft 18-year-olds
for 27 months of service. Other
top military leaders are to testify
Sherman said the bill would
provide the force needed now
plus "badly needed" reserves" that
could be mobilized in case of all
The Navy, he explained, will
continue to base its recruiting on
voluntary enlistments as far as
possible. - '
Dr. R. L. McMillan, Bowman
Gray School of Medicine, will
preside over the group of physi
cians in attendance, and Dr. Eliz
abeth Kemble, Dean of the Uni
versity's School of Nursing, will
preside over the second group
composed of nurses, social work
ers, teachers and health educators
for the purpose of discussing their
respective professional education
Murdered GIs' Bodies
Found Frozen In Korea
By William Chapman
EAST CENTRAL FRONT, KO
REA, Jan. 19 (UP) An Ameri
can patrol today discovered the
frozen bodies of eight American's
and one South Korean who ap
parently had been murdered by
their North Korean captors.
"I would say It is definitely a
case of a war atrocity," said .Lt.
Col. S. J. Newsom of San Diego,
Calif., a Division surgeon.
Newsom said the men had been
killed with a Russian "burp gun,"
a small caliber submachine gun.
All had suffered many wounds,
and two bodies showed signs of
severe beating about the head.
All the murdered men had been
shot in the head. , "There was
every evidence -that they were
shot at close range," Newsom
The nine bodies had been dis
x "... Unto Caesar . . .and . . .
Unto God ..." will be the Uni
versity sermon that Rev. Charles
Jones, minister of the Presby
terian Church here, will deliver
tomorrow night at 8 o'clock in
This will ' be the second n a
series of non-denominational ser
vices presented by the University
Sermon Committee to bring out
standing speakers to the campus.
The first sermon was given by Dr.
Benard Boyd last quarter.
Mike McDaniel, chairman of
the committee, will preside over
the sermon, and introduce the
The music for the service will
be provided by Will Headlee of
the Music Department who has
become the regular organist.
Richard Cox, also of . the Music
Department, will lead a volunteer
choir in a program of music
which includes a chorale from
"Sleepers Awake" by Bach.
The sermon will be conducted
on the order of a regular church
service of about an hour's length.
An offering.. will be received to
go in a special fund for the per
petuation of the University Ser
mons. Maurice Kedder of the Religion
Department will deliver the ser
mon next week. For future ser
mons in the series outstanding
men in throughout the state have
been engaged to speak. -
covered in a group in the snow
covered mountains of the east
The men, incjuding one officer
and two enlisted men, had been
on patrol in the hills five days
'- Surrounded and cut off by en
emy guerrillas, the men apparent
ly had surrendered. Their fate
was not known until today.
Apparently the North Koreans i
lined up the United Nations sold
iers and shot them from the back.
Some of the bullets had entered
from the side, indicating the GI's
had tried to run or fight for their
Some of the bodies had been
robbed of their warm clothing.
Nine pairs of shoes and most of
their trousers had been removed.
Their jackets were bloody and
getting a draft call automatically
was destined for the Army.
As a result, the Defense De
partment said, numbers of them
Consolidated University Pres
ident Gordon Gray said last
night the change in student
draft rules ought io "pretty
well eliminate the unrest on
various college campuses rising
out of students' desire to choose
the branch of the service they
Gray said he was "very
pleased tht the Defense De
partment has clarified the stu
dent situation" and that he
hoped that the students would
once again be able to turn their
attention to their studies.
dropped out of school to volun
teer and get their choice.
The new order permits them to
wait until near the end of the
college year before signifying
their choice. Specifically, the ser
vices will accept enlistments in
the two months prior to the final
month of the term. Therf the en
listees will not be called until the
term is over.
The rule is effective immedi
ately. Officials said, for example,
that if a college student got a
draft notice tomorrow he will
have an automatic deferment un
til March or April and then can
enlist in the service of his choice.
Meanwhile, education leaders
meeting' here spoke out for let
ting college students complete
their courses before taking their
military training under the ad
ministration's proposed new uni
versal service law.
Views on the bill, which would
, lower the draft age from 19 to 18
years, were expressed at a con
ference of representatives of or
ganizations belonging to the
American .Council on Education.
James B. Conant, president of
Harvard University, called for
support of the bill on the grounds
the educational process can most
conveniently be interrupted for
military service at the age of 18.
However, he urged that under
(See DRAFT, page 4)
The Student Party will hold its
regular weekly meeting Monday
night in Graham Memorial and
individual nominations will be
accepted for spring elections.
Chairman Bill Prince said the
final Student Party nominations
will be made in about four weeks.
Prince reguested that all mem
bers be prompt in attending the
regular weekly meetings, which
will start at 9 o'clock.
Those who are interested in
student government and campus
politics are asked to attend the
meetings and discuss campus
Old East Dormitory elected
John Deyton. senior from
Spruce Pines, as vice-president
Thursday. Deyton defeated
( Wayrie Roberts in the run-off
wiin a vote ot z-n.
John succeeded his brother.
Walter Deyton, who moved in
to the job when former Presi
dent Van York accepted a posi
tion with Burlington Mills at
the end ot fall quarter. .