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The official student nevtTpaTer of the University of North Carolina at
Chapel Hill, where it is published by the Publications Board daily during the
regular sessions of the University except Saturday, Sunday, and Monday,
examination and vacation periods, and during: the official summer terms
when it is printed weekly. Printing is done by Colonial Press, Inc.. Chapel
Hill. N. C. Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Chapel Hill,
N. C, Under the act of March 3. 1879. Subscription price: $8 per year, $3 per
quarter. Reproduction of the masthead, flag, or the name "The Daily Tar Heel'
is prohibited without the express permission of the Publications Board.
Managing fetU tor
Associate feditor ,
Sports Editor -
Jim SchencJt. Office Manager
Marie Costeilo, Adv. tffanager
News Stftft: fuce Melton. Robert Wilson, Billy Grimes, Pat Ambrose. Tommy
Sumner, Jaul Harwich. Bob Pace, Fletcher Hollingsworth.
Sports Staff: Ken Barton, Jack Claiborne. Art Greenbaum, Bill Hughes, Leo
Northart, Harvey lUteh, Biff Roberts. Ed Starnes.
Society Staff : Mary Nell Boddie, Franny Sweat. Diane McComb.
Bu.4iiiess Ojfice Staff: Hubert Breeze. Bruce Marger. Bill Faulkner, Tom Bulla.
. - For This Issue: Night" Editor, Rolfe Neill
Most Evil ...
In a five-three decision last Tuesday, the Supreme Court
of the United States lashed out at the United States Govern
ment for branding ' organizations as Communist without a
When the top judicial agency in the country brands the
government's overall policy toward suspected subversives
as "tyrannical practices" .smacking of "a most evil type of cen
sorship," then, at least, is it time for the governmental agen
cies directing the current witch hunt to re-examine their
The court also stated that the issue is "one of the gravest
of our generation," and that the government's action illus
trated a trend in times of tension to "set in motion .a subver
sive influence of our own design that destroys us from within."
The United States today, as the court has indicated, real
ly faces two major dangers. It fears the great danger present
ed by a world tprn apart; by the picture of two great military
forces set in opposition to each other and now tensing them
selves for world conflict. But this country must not be so
blinded, by stupefying terror that it leaps headlong into a
totalitarianism of its own making.
We must clearly see and conscientiously follow the fine :.
thread between national defense and preservation of basic
liberties, because if our liberties are lost to self-protection,
then the nation will no longer be worth defending.
Spring And Trash
The approaching Senior Barefoot Day is only one of the
many signs of the spring heat wave which is now upon us.
The annual army of town gardeners is out in full force, many
of the elder women in straw hats and sunbonnets, the men
ddwn to their undershirts.
I The arboretum has on its very best dress, carpeting the
new grass now with petals from the fruit trees. From the
violets to the japonica, brilliant colors are everywhere.
I The girls are beginning to look like flowers too, with all
the colors of full-skirted cotton frocks, and bare arms and
backs and legs bearing the colors of new tans in various stages
The 'bank in front of Alexander is as crowded as the
beaches at Hogan's and Clearwater. The ATO's are out every
afternoon, taking turns with field glasses aimed at Spencer's
Beach parties are being planned everywhere, as are fishing
trips. And in lower quad, the air is thick with baseballs.
The back steps of South building show that it is spring,
too. Office workers there have a hard time threading their
way through the crowds of students and dogs, soaking up
the sun. Spilt coffee and cups of every size appear as the
steps begin to clear about noon,and for the rest of the day,
or until a janitor can get all the trash picked up, the litter
left by students dominates that beautiful "old building.
Even taking spring fever into consideration, it is hard to
understand that sort of laziness, as there are no less than
four trash cans in the immediate vicinity.
The placement bureau even tells us that prospective em
ployers have more than once commented upon our
That's a nice reputation for the University of North Carolina.
A United Press dispatch from New York reported last
week that North Carolinian H. Gait Braxton, publisher of
the Kinston Free Press led more than 1,000 U. S. publishers
in a moving tribute to the dead La Prensa of Argentina.
The American Newspapers Publishers Association passed
by standing vote a resolution expressing "horror at this blow
to a free press which has silenced this great voice in behalf
of freedom, truth and fair reporting ..."
The tribute was actually directed to Dr. Albert Gainza
Paz, editor of La Prensa, which. until its expropriation by the
Peron dictatorship, was considered one to the truly great
newspapers of the world.
The publishers' sympathy for Dr. Paz, an ex-editor in
"darkest Argentina" at the bottom of the worldris admirable.
It is appropriate that the publisher of North Carolina's ad
mirable Free Press instigate such a move.
We would1 only wish that certain others of those 1,000
publishers display the same sympathy with the ideals of
freedom to their own hamstrung editors. ,
.. GLENN HARDEN"
.. ZANE BOBBINS
Bill Peacock, Assoc. Sports Editor
Nancy Burgess, Society Editor
Roy ' ;
There is a bug in the More
head Scholarship Pie.
The scholarships -. to be
awarded for the first time this
year were established by Mr.
Morehead to help students who ,
are supposed, to be the future
leaders of the state.
- And yet, they do not solve the
problem of the rising cost of
education that seems to be say
ing "who is there going to be
around to be led?"
It is a fact, according to Uni
versity officials, that the tre
mendous increase in all kinds
of costs is making a college edu
cation something for the well-to-do.
Yet, 'the. University was
set up to take traFe , .of those
North Carolina citizens who de
sired college training,,. and it was
supposed to provide that train
ing as free of costs as possible'. ;
That freedom from costs has
long since gone by the boards.
The North Carolina General As
sembly hasn't minded forgetting
the state's obligation to its Uni
versity when faced with other
considerations. And outside costs
have risen so much as to almost
overshadow the comparatively
insignificant rise in tuition costs.
So it Would seem that any
monies put up by the state, or
by citizens who wished to do
the most good for the Univer
sity and the state, would be
used to help better the spectre
To do that, they would, it
seems, have to be based at least
partly on financial need.
We are not showing ungrati
tude for the two-million-dollar
grant that will undoubtedly be
of great benefit to the Univer
sity and the welfare of North
Carolina. Nor are we trying to
bite a hand that lias been most
.generous to us.
But the gift is such a tool for
great, good works that we think
it should' be used to its utmost.
We are sure that such is the
feeling of its donor. And with
the. prohibitive cost of education
the principal "dilemma of Uni
, versity official. and students
alike, we don't think that such
is the case.
It is a known fact that the fi
nancial aid both in scholarships
and self-help available at the
University is something woe
fully inadequate in the face of
the costs of today. Even with
a $500-a-year scholarships and
a self-help job paying as much
as seven or eight hundred, a
student without any parental
help can't get through the Uni
versity without living in a
pinched condition. And there are
few such good deals as this.
The fact is, many UNC scholar
ships are going begging because
they would be little more than
And yet, the Morehead schol
arships are based on: something
that is nebulous to. say the least. .
Who can guage the leadership
potential of a person 20 years
before that " leadership would
appear. And isn't it much easier
for those without financial wor
ries to make themselves good
prospects for such a scholarship
by being able to devote their
time to studies and extracurric
ular activity? In other words,
the Morehead scholarships co.uld .'
easily become "the playthings of
those with the money and time
to meet their qualifications.
That doesn't seem, to us to be
maximum use of such a force
for good. The Morehead gift is
a tool for good of such magni
tude that it deserves a great
amount of study by all those
connected with it.
In its present form, the gift
is a two-edged sword. It is a
mighty sword. Swung in -the
right direction, ; It could add
honor and glory to its donor, the
University, and "the state. Let's,
make that direction the right '
According to the Clarkston In
tegrator, the mathematics depart
ment of the University of Akron
is going to make it easy for stu
dents to get hold of old tests.
Th edepartment is, setting up a
file system in the university lib
rary which will , include the ex
aminations of the previous four
The slavish and unimaginative cleaving by
certain University authorities to a rather wierd
version of Georgian architecture is always a sub
ject for debate hereabouts. But the issue goes
considerably deeper than whether this or that
mode or style happens to "fit" in Chapel Hill.
Being an educational institution, it should not be
heretical to maintain that the buildings in which
a university's functions are housed should be
designed with the object of contributing to the
Walter Gropius, archetict of the new Graduate
Center at Harvard, has some illuminating com
ments on the subject of college architecture in a
recent Harvard Alumni Bulletin. Most of the.
article, "Tradition and the Center," . is an ex
planation of the reasons for the radical, depart
ure, from the red-brick and' hipped-roof motif
in designing the - Graduate Center there. The
following passages, however, are as pertinent
to Chapel Hill as to Cambridge:
"Prevailing methods of education are reflected
in the general indolence of people toward art and
architecture. If we consider the vague feelings
of the average contemporary toward jthe arts, we
find that he has developed a humble belief that
art is something which has been decided long
ago and that all we can do about it is to study
what has come down to us and apply it.
"The student emerges from school filled with
historical knowledge, but he has rarely been
engaged in trying his own ingenuity in art and
in attempting to give form to his own concep
tions. By the time he has grown up, he has
developed fixed ideas of what art and 'archi
tecture are, and he has ceased to think of them
as something to be freely approached and shaped
"Here, then, we find the very reason for the
timid attitude so often shown when the archi
tectural character of new college buildings has
tc be decided upon.
No author's stories are as photogenic as those
of . William Somerset Maugham. QUARTET,
a four-leaf clover of Maugham creations, shows
this splendidly. The theme which runs through
the four separate parts of the film is that some
hidden force, greater .than man and stronger
than human planning, creates the joys, sorrows,
and odd quirks of life. We see this idea re
flected in the characters of the young innocent
at Monte Carlo and his uncanny luck; and in
the young man of wealthy family who is dirven
to neglect everything to become a mediocre
It was the night Korea explod
ed. I gingerly sat down beside
the gaunt Russian officer in that
Oslo barroom and showed him
the big black headlines which
flatly stated that Russian-equip-ed
Communists were slugging it
out with American soldiers north
of Seoul. ,
"I see where you guys have
given the world 24 hours to get
out," I said by way of opening
the conversation. ,
"Someday you Americans will
learn not to meddle with world
communism," snapped the Rus
sian. We sparred around for a
while and then he lashed out
with a barrage of questions. Why
does Truman want war? What
were the Yanks doing in Korea
in, the first place? How many ne
groes have I lynched? What's
all this "democracy" hogwash?
What can I say for my degener-S
ate culture of cowboys, comic
books, and strip-teasers? Ac
cording to him, America had
contributed nothing to civiliza
tion except the T-formation and
the bubonic plaque.
I explained that, to me, de
mocracy means I can look any
man in the eye and tell him to
go to hell. It means nobody's go
ing to knock on my door at mid
night and throw me in the cool
er because I called Truman a
nasty word and it means nobody
gives a howling-hog-hoot where
I go on Sunday. I pointed out
that we have Carnegie Hall and ;
Caruso along with our cowboys
and comics. I told him that a
good degenerate strip-teaser ap
peals to me-just like a nimble
ballet dancer appeals to him
and, besides, it's right much fun
to get a little degenerate once
in a while. Then I had a few
questions of my own.
Why does Stalin want war? If
the communists have a legiti
mate claim to South Korea why
don't they take it before the
UN? How many Poles have you
liquidated? Why do you need
. an Iron Curtain across Europe?
At this he erupted. T '
"There's no such thing as the
Iron Curtain! If "there ' is it's,
three' miles east of New York
We sat and glared four letter
Reviews And Previews
words at each other. Then a fun
ny thing ghappened. He told me
a corny anti-Truman joke and
I laughed. I told him an even
cornier anti-Stalin joke and he
laughed. I reached into my coat
pocket and gave him my last
spearmint lifesaver. He looked
at it a minute; then put it in
his mouth, lit a cigarette, and
tried to blow smoke rings
thi-ough the hole. He offered me
one of his black Russian cigar
ettes. It completely demolished
my T-zone and after four puffs
I was spitting solid chunks of
carbon, but it was a good smoke.
We ordered a couple of beers
and sent our ideologies to bed
for the night. I put the news
paper in my pocket and we be
came old friends immediately.
For two hours we pleasantly
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On the side
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Flesh of swine
One who goes
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by John Sanders
"We need a new code of visual values. So long
as we flounder about in a limitless welter of
borrowed artistic expression, we shall not suc
ceed in giving form and substance to our own
culture, for this implies selective choice of those
artistic means which best express the ideas and
spiritual directions of our time. .
"The impact of environment on a young man
during his college years is certainly decisive. If
the college is to be the cultural breeding ground
for the coming generation, its attitude should
be creative, not imitative. Stimulative environ
ment is just as important to free the" student's
creative talent as vigorous teaching.
"Accordingly, the student needs the real
thing, not buildings in disguise. So long as we do
not ask him to go about in period clothes, it
seems absurd to build college buildings in pseutjo
period design. How can we expect our students
to become bold and fearless in thought and ac
tion if we encase them in sentimental shrines
feighting a culture which has long since dis
appeared? ' V.
"Genuine architecture of organic growth' im
plies continuous renewal. The physical and spir
itual functions determining the design of a build
ing are interdependent. They are both part of
our present life. It is an anachronism to express
the physical functions of buildings with the
newest technical means but to express the spir
itual functions by borrowing a historical shell
from the past. Such an attempt- confuses the art
of architecture with applied archaeology.
"As history shows, the conception of "beauty"
has changed along with progress in thought and
technique. Whenever man imagined he had
found "eternal beauty," he fell back into imi
tation and stagnation. True tradition is the re
sult of constant growth. Its quality must be
dynamic, not static, to. serve as an inexhaustible
stimulus to man."
by B. Fleischmann
The stories of the conventional office clerk
who is passionately in love with flying kites and
of the prim colonel's lady with a violent soul
complicate the central theme to show that the
most drab lives are often most strongly af
fected by the hidden force.
The stories are excellently acted throughout
and the camera-work reveals a subtle director.
Mr. Maugham's own narration binds the stories
together very well. QUARTET is English studio
work at its best. No one can ' afford to miss
by Barry Farber
chatted about the weather, the
Olympic games, caviar, Yankee
Stadium, television, and the
striking architecture of the
Kremlin. He showed me a pic
ture of .his little brother in
Kiev. He looked just about like
my little brother in Greensboro.
He gave, me a pack of his com
munistic cigarettes and I thank
ed him. I'm sure he appreciated
my pack of free-enterprise
At three o'clock I was get
ting sleepy and I figured it was
time to feed the bed bugs. I ask
ed him if he'd care to have Sun
day dinner with the American
students out at the summer
"Oh, no." said he. "That will
be quite impossible. Tomorrow
I fly to Korea. I'm to be a "tech-
Solution of Yesterday's Puzzle
B4. One for whose
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It is time for all Americans
to wake up. Let us deceive our
selves no longer. The U. N. does
not work, the Atlantic Pact ex
ists only on paper. In any war
tanks are likely to defeat useless
Today we are hated and en
vied by the entire world! Wc
must arm, we must prepare our
selves for the. inevitable arma
geddon! Let us pile up over
whelming power and fear no
one. We should go forth in our
righteous strength and tell the
world to either stand for or
against us.. The timid ones cry
that we would be buried in a
sea of men then let us go down
in a blaze of glory. If we can
not live in peace, let us do our
damnest to wipe out the' spe
cies! Perhaps then future races
will look upon our smouldering
ruins and marvel that a race'
could achieve so much.
I wish to register a strong pro
test against and to request a
clarrfication of the present edi
torial policy of The Daily Tar
Heel. In recent months I have
written several letters to the
editor. All of these letters were
in reply to articles or ' letters
which had already appeared.
About a week ago I submitted
a letter concerning an attempt
by Mr. Farber tp make a joke
of the horrors of modern war
fare. This letter was published
and was followed immediately
by a long open letter addressed
to me by Mr. Farber. In this
open letter Mr. Farber intimated
that the readers of The Daily
Tar Heel were tired of the same
old debate on the same old sub
ject. My rejoinler, including the
text of a petition for a FIVE
POWER PACT OF PEACE, was
never published and I considered
the possibility that Mr. Farber's
suggestion that the "argument"
be dropped had been carried out.
However, on Wednesday a new
debater appeared on the scene.
With a modest confession of ig-
Mr. Wright is quite wrought
up over the breaking of what he
terms a "tradition of the Caro
lina Campus." Perhaps he is a
disciple of Alexander Pope who
advised caution before innovat
ing. Since, however, the status
quo has been altered by a "fait
accompli," it should be evaluated
in a rational manner and not in
the "appeal-to-passion" way
employed by Mr. Wright.
If he were a potential candi
date for admission to the Medi
cal School Mr. Wright's per
sonal attitude would be under
standable; perhaps he has some
friend who has been rejected.
In connection with his purely
personal evaluations of this new
situation, Mr. Wright has allow
ed himself to indulge in some
' rather illogical reasoning.
His premise is that Edward
Diggs has received his pre-medi-cal
training elsewhere, that
some UNC pre-medical student
has been rejected to make place
for Diggs' admission. Yet is there
a guarantee or inherent privi
lege accorded a UNC pre-medi-
nical advisor" to the People's
"Well," I chuckled. "Perhaps
I'll see you over there."
"Perhaps," he muttered giv
ing me a warm handclasp. We
then walked out the door and
went our separate ways.
I really don't know why I
even bothered to write this col
umn: I Uncovered no military
secrets and we said nothing of
any great international signifi
cance. I've heard much more in
teresting conversations on 'the
steps of the South Building. It
just struck me as rather ironi
cal that two young men, perfect
ly capable of getting along with
each other, are prepared to go
fight and die in a war they don't
want, against people they don't
know, in places they can't pro
nounce, for concepts they don't
understand, all because a few
greedy men can't behave themselves.
Get Your Tickets To Senior Class Picnic
LENOIR HALL & "Y" COURT
Tf rhinese inter fere , in Kr.r.-:.
wariv them once more to get i
then raze their cities and
their fields with bacteriolo i. .,
death. Perhaps then the wuil.
would see that we mean bu ,
ness, but we fear that the H i
sians would object: then u-i
'them to disarm or expect th.
same! The British and Fic-r;. ;
would object and be shocked -tell
them to join us or Ru,
then annihilate them all! Atu
these warmongers are out of t(-.,
way, there would be a 1';.:
After much honest consider;,
tion, we believe that this po.
gram would give us prolong,
God bless America: to he.
with the rest of the, world.
J. B. Bateman
; nnrance of international politics.
Mr. Roth proceeded to give a
slanderous interpretation, con
tradicted by innumerable facts,
of the peace-loving policy of the
Am I permitted to reply? If
I am not, only one conclusion
can be reached. It is that The
Daily Tar Heel will tdlow dis
cussion in its columns of the
most important issues of our
times provided that such dis
cussion is not objective and that
propaganda for lasting peace is
. (Editor's note: We would like
to point out. to Mr. Robertson
that since the aove letter was
written, a new stajf has taken
over the policy of The Daily
Tar Heel, who cannot be re
sponsible ior policies of the old
staff. The Daily Tar Heel is
happy to devote a large portion
of its editorial page to letters
to the editor, but cannot be
bound to a policy of printing
them all, due to space and other
cal student for admission to the
School of Medicine after he com
pletes his preliminary course of
training. It? It seems highly un
likely. Mr. Wright states categorical
that "some hard working Caro
lina student who has undoubt
edly better qualifications than
some dark-congo boy" will find
his rejection to have been pro
moted by Diggs' admission. On
what authority does Wright base
such words as "undoubtedly bet
ter qualifications?" Moreover
the. use of such a deprecative
term as "dark-congo h.oy" is a
reprehensible device. It hus a
definite appeal to prejudice, but
contributes little to rational
Disregarding the moral aspect
of the admission questions con
cerning Negro students, there
still remains the legal aspect to
be considered. The simple fact
is that the state of North Caro
lina doe:i not provide any grad
uate medical school facilities lor
its colored citizens. Edward
Diggs is a citizen of the state.
Evidently the Admissions Com
mittee considered his qualifica
tions to be outstanding since he
had already qualified for entry
to two other prominent medical
schools when he was selected
by it. On the basis of these facts
the "utter contemptible injus
tice" would have occurred if
Diggs had been rejected al
though he possessed such .supe
It is difficult to adapt oneself
to radical innovations, but when
such a course becomes neces
sary, isn't it better to approach
the situation with reason and
not let false logic and rancor
guide one's attitude?
James R. Grant
Robert E. Calvin
(Editor's Notes The above let
ter is only one of the many
which have come to this office
concerning Mr. Wright's letter.
We are printing another letter
on the subject, covered so thor
oughly in yesterday's paper, only
because of the unusual response.)