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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, January 19, 1955, Page 2, Image 2

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1 WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1935 ! i u THE DAILY TAR HEEL PACE TWO f 1 , .i ' 3 i f A Place In The Sun For WUNC Our Barbara Willard, using a large hunk of this page today, tells the story of the student-operated FM radio station, WUNC. We can add little to her reporting, except to wish WUNC all the good fortune that can come to educational stations continued , high quality programming, a higher tower, more power, and a place, someday, in the financial sun. It is unthinkable that a Uni versity enterprise as meaningful and bene ficial to the area as WUNC should continue" to operate without a formal budget. Thousands of dollars are being spent on WUNC's educational big brother, WUNC TV (with which WUNC has no connection) and it is reasonable to hope that some mon ey ma soon drift down to. the radio sta tion. WUNC, as anyone who has ever listened to its informative, engaging programs will testify, will put it to good use. The Drop Toward The Nadir Some 100 interested students went down to the Library Assembly Room one night l:st week to hear men from the State and ,v:ivv Departments talk on "Careers in Pub lic Service." r Largely, the program was uneventful. But we sat up in our seats when someone asked about what he called "the muddled state" of foreign service. Our interest sub sided rapidly when we heard a canned, ob scure line. The man from the State Depart ment admitted that perhaps things are "mud died." Elaborate, he would not. One student asked, with oblique refer ences to the recent humiliating experience of Wolf Ladejinsky, whether being of for eign extraction (a perculiar phrase in the U S.) would hinder one in public service. The answer he got was at best equivocal, lacking form and meaning. The usual" "brochures" were mentioned, but little else. Even the outgoing Republican chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (a good friend of Secretary of State Dulles) admitted in a recent report that morale in the foreign service is dropping toward nadir. He warned that the factors lying beneath the "demoralization" of foreign offices must be combed out and eliminated. But we assume that as long as the public particularly students with interest in foreign service get unsignificant answers to their questions, morale will continue at or near Carolina Front, Let's Have A Reasonable Exam Schedule ' Louis Kraar WRY CAN'T the University have a more reasonable ap proach to ex-iams? As the sem isterly purge i r a w s near af n d students 'jegin to no tice the exam schedules, one thing becomes mm-Mim nrm r O m i n O U S ly " . ' - - ' -iA' -'- N , ''4 .: I 1 - 0- :" , . V . ; f ' ' " 1 ; - . 'i I j , :J - f ... i f - ft t - - - J. ::;:"'iV CUE! . . . engineer Jim Hurley, seated at WUNC's BACKSTAGE . . announcer . Carl Kasell, at Hill Hail. ' control panel, cues up an 'Evening MasterworK WUNC broadcasts nearly all Hill music pres- transcrtption. tations. FILES ...Bob Cars-well cnooses a longpuiytng record for a WUNC show. OPERA ...Norman Cordon, who presents 'Let's Lis' ten To Opera' weekly, explains a script V-ut. to Assistant Manager Carl Venters. zero. Familiar Misquotations We reached for Bartlett's Familiar Quo tations yesterday to settle an argument. Shakespeare never wrote. "Alas, poor Yor ick! I knew him well.' It's "I knew him, Horatio." And, thumbing through the dog eared old book we have ascertained some other familiar misquotations. Thomas Jef ferson, for example, never said a word in the Declaration of Independence about "in alienable rights." It's a Twentieth Century corruption of the "unalienable rights" with which each man is endowed by his Creator. What's more, Ogden Nash did not write, "Men seldom make passes at girls who wear glasses." (It was Dorothy Parker, who, inci dentally, did not write, "Candy is dandy but liquor is quicker." It was Ogden Nash.) And bless our soul, Admiral Farragut never hol lered "Damn the torpedoes! Full speed a head!" What he really exclaimed at Mobile Bay, says Bartlett, was a good deal less eup honious. Just "Damn the torpedoes! Go a head!" Further, (and here our trusty old volume shook us to die core) it is suggested that Nathan Bedford Forrest, an educated Confederate, did not say, "I git thar fustest with the mostest" or anything so rustic. More, likely, the General delivered a cool, calculated summation: "I simply arrive at the front first, and with a laager group of men." tEfie Bail? ar 3$te The official student publication of the Publi cations Board of the University of North Carolina, s where it is published clear. Classes end on Thursday, and exams start Friday morn ing. There simply isn't enough time for students who have a Friday morning exam to pre pare. Last spring I mentioned this shortcoming to an administra tion member. His answer was that since the exam schedule is released so early, students can plan their study for those early exams. What that administrator did not realize was that ' during this last week professors have to fly in order to finish their course material. The press of daily as signments is heavier, and there is little time for exam study. WHAT THE University really needs is a week for reading and studying between the last day of classes and the first day -of exams. The stock administration an swer for that is that students wouldn't use the week for study. But this overlooks the fact that as many would study as do un der the present system. Assuming that exams - are a necessary part of academic life and that they give students a good look at what they've learn ed in a course, it only seems logical that they should be giv en time to prepare for them. This reporter would like to plead "consolidation." That's what the administration used when they argued for Saturday classes. State and WrC have Sat urday classes, and Chapel Hill doesn't that was their argu ment. Well, over at our sister insti tution in Greensboro, the gals don't start exams until the Mon day after their last classes on Saturday. This gives them a day between the end of classes and exams a day more than Chapel Hill gets, a good day for study ing. But soon exams will be over, and students will quit complain ing until spring. Must be a heartening thought for the sloppy-thinking men who draw up the exam schedule. And Without A Budget Students Run L, am pus tsvi o o jaii on, Vw UMC By Barbara Willard 'FM is to radio like stereophonic sound is to movies," according to Carl Venters, radio -major and assistant manager of WUNC. This radio station, whose studio is situated in the basement of Swain Hall, started operations in November, .1952, with little fanfare, but it has, nevertheless, gained an enthusiastic audience. John Young, station manager, summarized the aim of the station as "an attempt to pro vide a broadcast service not usually available." WUNC is a non-comm.xia1,. educVJti;onal FM station, licensed to the University of North Carolina. For those many students who inquire as to why it is not an AM station, there's a simple explanation. The Federal Commerce Commission has set aside certain FM channels for non-commercial, educational use. FCC reg ulations for these stations are lax in that they can operate any hours during the day or night, on these channels. AM stations, on the other hand have minimum day time and night time hours. WUNC is entirely student-staffed and ope rated. One half to two thirds of its staff is in the Department of Radio and the rest in other fields. Mr. Young says the students "are not just figureheads; they run the station." No Budget This station has many different and out standing features, but perhaps the most un usual thing about it is that it has no budget. The idea for a University-owned radio sta tion was first conceived in 1949, and the chance to put the idea to work came in 1950. In .that year, WMIT, the powerful FM, station on top of Mt. Mitchell, offered to sell to the Univers ity its stand-by transmitter for $1,000. The administration had no objection to the purchase, nor did it have any money for it. The Communication Center, a non-academic production organization on campus, bought the transmitter and has since taken care of some pressing needs. Other than that, there's no budget. Mr. Young says, "We went on the air quiet ly, through the maze of early problems . . . We kept it a modest effort; so that what we did, we would do well." Under FCC regulations, "anything that ed ucates" is an educational station; so a student staffed FM station can produce almost any kind of program. Since the students them selves have all the administrative and opera tional duties, their work and experience is an educational function of the station. An alumnus donated 200 12-inch standard 78 RPM record albums of classical music. These were the record library for the first year. The first operational period gained a small audience and little response for the station. Local Programs ' Two improvements were made in 1953, in the form of local programs and additions to the record library. - In that year, such programs as Chancellor House's "Tar Heel Voices," YMCA programs, broadcasts from departments and sports broad castg, became a part of the broadcast time, "at 91.5 on jour FM -dial." RCA Victor agreed to let them have its record service, usually offered only to com mercial stations. Ths included e-ry (TfcCA release in 1953, 100 12-inch record programs for only $50. It was more than $1,000 worth of records. Of course, $50 might as well be $1,000 when there was no money at all. Finally, Jinx Robertson, a student in the School of Journalism at that time, provided the money for the service. Increased Power This year, still without a budget, the sta tion has made forward steps. They have brought to their audience out standing special events programs', including Rise Stevens, Alec Templeton, North Carolina Symphony Orchestra, Aldous Huxley, Estes Kefauver and many other events. The broad cast of the First Piano Quartet was the first radio broadcast of this group. In years past, Bennett Gerf, Robert Frost and other have given programs over WUNC. An increase in power from a 1600 watt transmitter to a 16,000-watt transmitter is an important advancement for the station. This new ransmitter is a gift from WBT, WBTV in Charlotte, owned by Jefferson Standard Broad casting Company. Mr. Young says application has been made to FCC for permission to use the new trans- mitter, andthere should be no difficulty in get ting permission. During broadcast time, which is seven days a week, 7 p.rn. to 11:30 p.m., the station can be received on any FM radio within a 20-mile radius. With' certain antennas, listeners within a 35-mile area receive WUNC, and it has been received as fac away as Mt. Mitchell. The new transmitter will' provide a stronger signal for the area. Need Height The present antenna is only 78 feet off the ground, and it should be at least 500 feet. Mr. Young explained that FM travels in a straight line and will not bend over the horizon. A higher antenna would give a clear signal at a '60 to 70 mile distance. This year Columbia offered WUNC their record service, including all classical and pop ular LP releases, for $60. To secure this valuable .service, the staff contributed the $60 themselves. This staff re ceives no compensation but experience for their services. They are part of a tight organi zation that carries out all work involved in operating a radio station. The students stay here during short holi days to keep the station operating. They stop ped only from Dec. 22 Jan. 2, during the Christmas holidays. Mr. Young explained that each fall it is just like starting a new station. A new staff has to be selected and trained as it works. The student manager is appointed by Mr. Young and the former student manager. The student manager then appoints the department heads. Auditions for staff members are held, and students are interviewed and screened for the jobs. Venters says, as student manager, he has learned "good taste and good judgment, plus the administrative duties of operating a radio station." Campus Coverage The big step, this year or next, Mr. Young says, will be to "add to the . present WUNC organization a carrier current or 'wired wire les' transmitter, similar to the set up at Duke, Wake Forest or State. This would give cam pus coverage that could be picked up on any receiver." With this transmitter, the station could carry on double-programing, continuing their usual high quality programs and carrying also a lighter program. The present staff of about 35, however, is not large enough for double programming. It may still be possible to in stall this type of transmitter so that the pres ent programming could be picked up on any receiver on campus. WUNC produces a wide variety of shows, from Phillips Russell's news commentary to ' 1 1 r r t WHl.I'.LS ...Operations Manager Joe Young --(h) Traffic Manager Butch Culbrcth (r. things over with Venters. and talk Evening Masterwork, a program of Classical music from 10:05 to 11:30 p. m., "not only played by but bought by the students." FM, which is static-free, lends itself to high quali ty, especially in music. Aside from locally-produced shows and spe cial events broadcasts, programs are provided through the British Broadcasting Corporation, the French Broadcasting System, the Canadian Broadcasting System and other foreign,- com panies, including ones in Belgium and the Ne therlands. The National Association of Educational Broadcasters, the NAEB, provides programs through a tape network. 'Glowing Reactions' Aflhough WUNC receives relatively few letters, Mr. Young says in over 300 letters there has been no protest, but only "glowing reactions." These letters, though few in num ber, come from an enthusiastic audience of people who enjoy quality in radio listening. WUNC, Mr. Yohng and the students who carry on the work have succeeded in their aim, "an attempt to provide a broadcast ser- vice not usually available." it 'Yeah, Uh Huh, Sounds Fine Can't Dd That To George Chapel Jt(i J 8 Site- oi 'thfr jrnvtky " daily except Monday, examination and vaca tion periods and sum mer terms. Entered as second class matter at the post office in Chapel Hill, N. C, un der the Act at March 8, 1879. Subscription rates: mailed, $4 per fear, $2.50 a semester; delivered, $3 a year, $3.50 a semester. Editor CHARLES KURALT Managing Editor FRED POWLEDGE Associate Editors LOUIS KRAAR, ED YODER Business Manager TOM SHORES Sports Editor BERNIE WEISS News Editor ' City Editor : Night Editor for this Issue Jackie Goodman Jerry Reece .Eddie Crutchf ield f SIX , WC girls got bored one day last week, so they threw a cocktail party in the gameroom of Elliott Hall, WC's student union. The girls hurried to town in the early afternoon to purchase cocktail glasses at 19 cents each. Then they scurried back to their dorms to dress in slick cocktail dresses arid fur capes. After the usual gab of a cock tail party and a round or two of drinks, the group called it quits for the day. Everyone agreed that it was the best cock tail party they'd ever been to at WC. Incidentally, the drinks were cheaper than the 19-cent glasses. The girls had cokes. AFTER YEARS of advertise ments with movie stars proclaim ing the quality of products and services, the ad hucksters have finally turned back to the old masters of words. Take the current issue of "The New Yorker," for exam ple. Rand-McNally, a company that maps the world, has a writ er called Thomas Wolfe doing the copy. Actually, it's a quote from a book called "Of Time And The River," and the passage is most appropriate. The March of Dimes used a full-page ad with copy written by poet A. E. Housman. And WQXR, the New York Times radio station, quotes Alphonse Daudet in its ad. Who knows, you might even make the ad pages these days if you write a great work. I"" U v I1 -ft The Greensboro Daily News Somebody in Chapel Hill got bit by a collie, as we understand it, and so the police picked up a gentle old collie nam ed George with the idea that George's execution would serve as an example to other dogs. Immediately, of sourse, George had his defenders. Among them was Paul Smith, owner of the Intimate Bookshop where George used to browse. He (Mr. Smith that is) wrote the Chapel Hill Weekly: "It seems to me that something rather fine about the kindly, humane tradition of Chapel Hill is about to get kicked around in the matter of George, the Campus Collie. "For four years the bookshop has been one of the stops on George's rounds. I've seen him pushed and accidentally step ped on, but I've never seen him bite any one. He is not a biting dog. "But he's in clink. Somebody was bit ten by a collie, and George was picked up because, being the friendly tort of dog he is, he was the easiest collie to pick up. Now, as I understand it, even the person who was bit says it. wasn't George who bit him. But, says the chief of police, George must go." !- Well, all we can say to the Chapel Hill police force (and that goes for the mayor and board of aldermen too) is that they better look out. They can't do that to George. Old George's way of life may have fal len into the sere, the yellow leaf, but that which should accompany old a-e, as honor, love, obedience, " troops of friends, he still may look to have. Old George has got it all over Macbeth. They'd better let him out so that he cari pursue his accustomed rounds including a look-in on the literary life at the In timate Bookshop. Otherwise their name is mud. YOU Said It: Tarnation Editor Replies Editor: . Hail, protectors of literature, gather ers of waste paper and scrambled Egg heads. You have emerged from the rank-and-file and have voiced your views on the "Censoring Of' Our Boy Ed." We didn't mind your accusations of slander, but when you said that our jokes get poorer and porer we got mad, real mad. No matter how much you criti c i z e us, the yolk's on you, boy. You bought a copy didn't you? Incidentally, can you quote me ths price of Eggheads in China? Reuben Leonard Editor of Tarnation Defense Editor: I wish to take exception to the letter from Bill Sisk in your YOU Said It col umn this week: As a freshman at Carolina, I tiro im pressed by the editorials, articles, and columns in The Daily Tar Heel ind I expect to be equally impressed bvUhei worth when I graduate. I do not know of any other college paper which gives its campus as good coverage or as 'intelli gent writing as your newspaper does I certainly did not expect to find a piper with features like Ilerblock and" p0o when I came to the University, 0ithcr. And the sports page, despite its littl" size because of too many ads onsome days, is interesting and 'readable. . Just keep up the good work and don't let sarcastic letters like Bill Si,k's deter you. . . . John Cray IS il

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