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WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY U,
THE DAILY TAR HEEL
The New Petition
The rii ul.ition of petitions will not, it
is true, lead men to accept racial equality.
Hut the. student petition calling on '-North
Carolina to accept the Supreme Court's se
orcation decision deserves your signature.
It deserves your signature because it is
an effective repudiation of the idea in the
minds of some North Carolinians that Uni
veisitv students and faculty members are all
Tell Me When
You Begin That
All These Things, These Moods
What Is North Carolina?
integration, mat mea
Asith the widely publicized pennons oi ui.
W. C- (ieorge and the pro-segregation stu
dent petition delivered recently to Governor
it deserves your signature because what
it calls for is nothing more than the obeying
of the law of the land.
In its first day of circulation, the petition
met with a' surprising andheartening num
ber of enthusiastic signers. There seems to
be little doubt that it will far surpass in its
number of names the pro-segregation peti
tion. In Chapel Hill, where dissent against bi
gotry is traditional, that is as it should be.
Critic Or Slave?
'"The chief danger confronting educa
tion today is not its possible domination by
church or state, but the temptation to be
o,me subservient to the -business culture
"I WISH you'd tell me when
the paper is' going to start run
ning the cam
junk so I can
quit reading it
i student said
an campus the
other day. I
laughed at the
campus politics have always
seemed to me too amusing to
But later I realized that this
student was cheating himself out
of having a say in spending
money his money.
Every spring I hear students
griping about those "damn cam
pus politicians." It has at last
occurred to me that they don't
realize what a hand those poli
ticians have in their pockets.
The Charlotte News
What is North Carolina? she asked. Is it a
'cropper's house on the edge of a field? Is it the
rusty cough of a 'lmt head'? Is it Jim Crow hiding
in the rear of a bus? Is it crowded prisons and
'road gangs and murder in Harnett? Is it a 'Gas
tonia incident'. Is it the homeless and the hungry
and the cold?
Her voice mingled with the' heavy metallic
drone of the engine. The car sped over a wide,
black satin ribbon of highway, rolling and tumb
ling westward from Raleigh.
The sky was yellow with sunset and she
squinted into it, all the time talking of leaving the
South vand going home to the North. It had been a
revisit to Raleigh which now lay miles behind
her. -Off to the left Were the Sandhills, to the
right a rise called Chapel Hill. Ahead were Lib
erty and Asheboro and Concord and Charlotte.
Is North Carolina these things? she ques
tioned. Yes, she was told, they areNorlh Carolina
But North Carolina is also Virginia Dare and
Kings Mountain, the Courthouse at Hillsboro, Re
construction, Buck Duke and Billy Graham, Green
and Odum, and Kay Kyser.Tt is the folk music
in the mountains and the rollicking chanties of
the Outer Banks.
It is the hum and the whir of looms, the pun
gent odor of tobacco, the bent fields of grain, a
harvest of strawberries, factory smoke and honk
ing horns, a Bible class at Gardner-Webb and an
atom smasher at State College.
It is a sociologist explaining away our foibles
and a' professor discussing ESP, it is vast medical
centers and a horse doctor, it is muddy spring
roads of orange ana hoL brown summer days.
It is a debutante ball and a barefooted boy,
steaming factories and airconditioned offices, it
is a pot-bellied stove in a one-room school house
and a sprawling school plant in a large city.
It is an orator from Buncombe, a barber from
the east in the Assembly, it is a' high school giris'
basketball team and a national champion, a prize
winning poet and great illiteracy, it is a novelist
and a songwriter and 30,000 people singing on the '
side of a mountain.
It is fancy cloths of synthetic yarns, an apron
from a flour sack. It is a hiyhway heavy with
people to see the scenery and a '32 Ford twisted
with six dead.
It is a mind a troubled, restless, unhappy
mind fighting lor life. It, too, is a confident,
hardworking, happy mind.
All these things, all these moods all of this
is North Carolina.
Then the sun fell behind a distant hill and the
evening was still and red.
And she said, I see, I see.
'What's Good For General Motors
that inks America."
This sentence comes from a speech de
livered' in Providence, Rhode Island earlier
tills month bv the president of Harvard, Dr.
Universities," said Dr. Pusey. "are not
the creatures of modern industrial society
and should not be enslaved to that society."
President Pusey is right. From the Middle
Ages the university has been a kind of inde
pendent third force between church 'and
state. It has always had to battle against thr
eats and pressures from both and against
other forces that arc always working to make
the university conform itself to the world.
Universities have often been hard-pressed
as they are today to keep from becoming
subservient to the culture in which they find
That they must not become subservient
would seem to be self-evident. The univer
sity is properly conceived as a critic not a
slave of society. It is a force always calling Graham Memorial - are doled
for fresh endeavor and pointing the way to out by the Legislature.
WITHOUT A doubt the most
important thing the student Leg
islature and student government
in general do is to "levy and
collect all student fees except
The quotes are from the stu- '
dent constitution, which goes on
to list other powers of student
The student Legislature de
cides what "offenses against the
student body" are and provides
for their punishment. In other
words, they decide the working
rules for the University in regard
v the Campus Code and Honor
All funds for student activi
ties publications, the Forum,
it l i.. i r t.
a lugner road, a better nte. it cannot per
form that role as an underling of the modern
church, the modern state, or modern busi
The danger to American universities is
c lear, and is apt to grow as they look increas
ingly to business and industry for the money
they need for sustenance. Even at state uni
versities such as this one, the problem is
felt; how many inroads can business make?
How much support and control can be
countenanced from business?
The answer, frustrating to those who
must liiaTce the wheels go around, build new
buildings and pay faculty members is not
much. For it a university is to lose its free
dom or any considerable amount of its free
dom it can no longer perform as a critic, a
leader, and it will no longer be a university.
The danger of encroachment from church
and state have come to be well recognized;
the threat from organized business (or any
other organized group in society) is also clear
to most educators.
"It is not time not," as Dr. Pusey asked,
"to hammer out a fresh justification for the
university in modern society that will give
it a sense of direction, and at the same time
save it from excessive preoccupation with the
ordinary in life and from idolatrous service
of economic activity?"
The official student publication of the Publi
cations Board of the University of North Carolina,
where it ia published
Monday and examina-
Sue of thr tntvrr tv
whith firs.? . ;
cfyrned in, ilovfv
g tion rnd vacation per
iods and summer
terms. Entered -s
second class matter at
the post office in
Chapel Hill, N. C, un
der the Act of March
8, 1879. Subscription
rates: mailed, $4 per
fear, $2.50 a semester;
delivered, $6 a year,
$3.50 a semester.
Editor CHARLES KURALT
Managing Editor FRED POWLEDGE
Associate Editors LOUIS KRAAR, ED YODER
Sports Editor BERNIE WEISS
Circulation Manager. -
Subscription Manager ...
Bill Bob Peel
Assistant Business Manager
Society Editor Eleanor Saunders
Assistant Sports Editor Ray Linker
Photographer . Boydon Henley
NEWS STAFF Neil Bass, Ruth Dalton,
Ed Myers, Woody Sears, Peggy Ballard, Sue Quinn
Night editor for tlm issue Eddie Crutchfield
Thus, to the debunkers of stu
dent government I offer these
things the student politicians
spend your money and they make
the laws under which you stay
in school (or become kicked out
IT'S TRUE that the campus
has a circle of students who con
centrate every moment of their
spart time into campus political
activity. These people are the
Some are leaders, some are
ridiculous, and most of them are
interesting people. Many like to
tell themselves that they are
dedicated to "doing something
for the students," but most of
them simply enjoy politics.
This is not to say that many
aren't interested in bettering the
University. It's just that their
love of politics is the main moti
vation for participation.
The Student Party, despite
shouts to the contrary from its
members, is primarily a dormi
tory party. -Of course, the SP
contains many fraternity mem
bers, but most of its time, leg
islation, and efforts is directed
to the dorm element of Carolina.
On the other hand, the Uni
versity Party is made up mainly
of fraternities and sororities.
This year UP representation in
the dorms has hit a new high.
Thus, like the SP, the UP isn't
strictly one class of students.
But at the same time most
of its members belong to fra
ternities and sororities.
NEXT YOU may ask me,
"What has student government
done this year?
Actually, this reporter believes
this school year has been a rath
er dull one in student govern
The Forum, publications, Gra
ham Memorial, and other stu
dent activities have rocked along
with usual vigor all financed
on money from the student Leg
islature. A battle over the question of
first-offense leniency in cheat
ing cases did much to inform
the campus on the nature of the
Honor System. A student vote
indicated that the campus didn't
desire first-offense leniency, but
at least students had their choice.
I could go on and on, but why
bore students with "that cam
pus political - junk?" It's only
their money and .the laws they
live under that are involved.
, frXJjrfc& viJfaT '&rcsSsS&-- - '
' Way Of Life',
The typical "Carolina Gentle
man" is supposed to spend his
afternoons either sleeping, at
the movies, or in an uptown pub;
preferably the Goody Shop.
Nights are supposedly devoted
to fraternity frolicking and or
escapades having to do with
some Durham "emporiums of de
light." At least, this is an im
pression held by some alumni
writers, and parents who are un
But there exists another facet,
and a contrasting one, to the
"Carolina Way of Life." This is
the interest shown in "religion,"
to use a fairly free terminology.
To a few on campus it is "corn
ball stuff." -The great majority
largely ignores the subject. The
pressure of studies to a few,
campus politics, and social life
all combine to force religion out
of the lives of most students.
But religious interests do man
ifest themselves. This summer,
groups of two and three dozen
even had weekly "Bible Studies"
in some of the dorms.
Those who participate in the
student church groups, the 'Y'.
and the few who are really con
cerned about a religious faith
are probably as numerically
large as the "hotbloods" who
are supposed to give the Uni
versity its "country club" repu
tation. Wrhy don't these people then
make more of an impression oh
campus life or at least on
the general impression of what
campus life is?
According to a little "pamphlet
received last week, that will be
one of the questions discussed
this weekend at Camp New Hope,
when a group of collegiate Chris
tians assemble for what the
pamphlet terms a "Midwinter
Weekend." The theme: "Every
Christian a Missionary."
The titles of the talks and dis
cussion topics would sound al
most ludicrous to one schooled
in the supposed "Carolnia Tra
dition." "Ambassador for the
King of Kings, The Source of
Daily Strength, Living in Fel
lowship with Others, and The
Campus as a Mission Field" are
the items to be discussed.
The Inter-Varsity Christian
Fellowship, sponsors of the meet
ing, may yet affect the campus
enough to partially change its
general reputation as a place of
"high living." The members of
the IVCF at least have a chal
lenge, if not the capabilities.
The Administration & Union Unity
WASHINGTON The merger
of the American Federation of
Labor and the Congress of In
dustrial Organizations is a de
fensive action. Former Presi
dent Truman struck the key
note for it on Labor Day, 1953,
when he warned:
"If you don't hang together
in this present situation there
will be some people only too
eager to hang you separately."
The Eisenhower Administra
tion has contributed materially
though negatively to the new
Labor believes that the wind
from the present White House
is decidedly chilly. They do not
expect, it to change, since their
observations convince them that
Treasury Secretary Humphrey
and Commerce Secretary Weeks
' have vastly more influence with
the President than Secretary of
For example, Secretary Mit
chell attacked the right-to-work
laws of the states which are the
pet hates of all unions. The
White House hastily backed a
way, and that cause seems lost.
How much the Administratoin
can be blamed for labor's pres
ent difficulties will be disputed.
But it is a fact that the drive
to organize workers has slowed
down. This is not because so
much has been done; only about
a third of non-agricultural
workers in the nation are union
ized, and some major industries
chemicals, for example have
not been penetrated at all.
In Congress labor has been
getting nowhere fast. This has
been true since Republicans
captured the 80th Congress dur
ing the last half of Truman's
first term. It looks now as if it
would be true still, in spite of
the fact that Democrats have
weighed their labor committees
in labor's favor.
For that legacy of the New
Deal years will remain with the
new labor movement. The trade
unions of the United States will
continue to take political action
on a national scale.
The CIO theorists have lost
their battle for a labor party.
The national labor newspaper
they once plugged for seems no
where in sight. The present
Little Man On Campus
practical compromise of a loose
alliance with the Democrats,
with local support where indi
cated for Republicans, will re
main. An early test of how militant
the new labor group will be
should soon be forthcoming.
Some big wage disputes are
coming up, including a demand
for a guaranteed annual wage
by automobile and steel work
ers. So far the President has
been lucky in that no big strikes
have occurred to exacerbate his
relations with the unions, but
it may not last.
l&tt&o (ff fss If iBCwAn1-1
A change of thought to the
field of national politics might
seem rather abrupt, but it is
part of the same trend.. Won
dering about people's religious
beliefs easily changes into won
derment about their 'ethical' be
haviour in the field of politics.
Actual corruption, Kansas City
fashion, and vote "irregulari
ties," Ninth District fashion,
worry be considerably less than
the intellectual dishonesty of
the more vocal members of the
political "left," . the self-labeled
Their handling of the Matu
sow confession is indicative of
their behaviour. When Matusow
admitted to perjuring himself
when giving testimony against
Communists the liberals reacted
Characteristic was a Herblock
cartoon, which was of course
carried in the DTH. The cap
tion: '"This Could Spoil the Whole
Racket, Men." Signs posted a
round an office inhabited by
four shady-looking men went
like this: "Testimony to order.
No job too small. You name the
victim and we do the rest." "We
can remember anything to fit.
A sign, "Association of Pro
fessional Ex-Communists" of
course carries the cartoon's im
plications to all those ex-Com-munists
who have offered testi
mony about their former asso
ciates. Naturally, Matusow's lies
are to be deplored as are all
But the liberals gave quite
another treatment to one of their
number, another liar who was
caught in his own fabrications
about former associates. But was
this 'purveyor of untruths to
congressional committees' stig
matized as such by the liberals.
Eye Of I he Horse
Roger Will Coe
(The Horse see imperfectly, magnifying so.-.'
things, minimizing others. Hipporotte, circa "v
THE HORSE was crowded close to a tab.c
tennis layout, his hammer head swivelling n,: ;
and left, right and left, right and left. I was Pl,
zled, because there were no players present, i,
pingpong ball pinging and ponging.
"This is the way you watch contests oi t:
sort," The Horse explained. "Haven't you ever
watched folk watching tennis, table or gniw
To be sure. But nobody was playing!
"I studied Journalism," The Horse shrugiu-d.
"It is s. o. p. in Journalism, it would seem, to dis
regard such trivia as genoowine presences."
I thought this was a non-sequilur..
"No-o," The Horse jujdged, his' eight-balls (,f
eyes still round on the non-existent contest, 'ftu!
some Journalism would seem to require non-svq,,,.
tttfes, as well as imaginary conflicts; or don't y,m
follow the news and observers of such fetid pn
misreportings?" Didn't The Horse have a word for this sort :
thing: Churlism . . . instead of Journalism?
"That was coined for such jackassininities a
publishing the nauseous details of revolting crinv
and piously mouthing apophthegms anent truthfa
reporting," The Horse snorted. "But the lecherou
leer winked through the linotyped grummels o
indecency. What I refer to now is the studied Ho
the half truth, the sophomorical sophistries, tin
loaded questions, the hypocritical answers. Anc
all in the interests of fighting a bugbear that is a
chimerical as this table-tennis game that I an
watching and that is not going on."
Oh, oh Was this the Undercover War agains
Educational Television, again?
"oor O'Richard said, 'Love your enemies: the;
tell you your faults.,' " The Horse declaimed, duck
ing an imaginary wild ball. "But he didn't say .
word about the alleged friends who sweet-talk yoi
out of one corner of their mouths while they li
out of the other corner about you."
Tut-tut. Horsie, ol' hoss, tut-tut! Or, could h
cite chapter and verse?
"On the hypocritical 'friend' pose, yes," Th
Horse snapped. "And it is all done under the sill
disguise of The Unfettered Press. This greeeeeeea
greeeeeeeat 'friend' who brags of matriculation ;
our noble seat of North State Cultoor & Eruditio
also supports a column which basely and without
vestige of truth calls us Commies, and tosses in
cheap appeal to prejudice by tagging a lot ot u
Well . . . The Horse did admit he was a bore;
equine, no? Or, no?
"You're durn right I am," The Horse state
loudly. "By birth. And I moved to where I wantc
to, I didn't just land here by the accident of birt!
Item Two the ostrichlike mewings and drooling
which perhaps hope to maintain a stern view
friendliness whilst the birdbrained head of th
creature chirrups the childish sophistries."
Facts, please? .
"Well, a recent example of stupidiania is tl
pious deplorings that pooooooooooooooor State Co
lege hasn't enough mney to distribute the boo'r
they have in their library; But there is money i
Edoocational TV!" The Horse exemplified. "A iui
ther spot of such bilge is the sanctimonious dt
plorinb that pooooooooooooor Women's Collet
lacks money for someadditional building; But
there is money for Edoocational TV: A third an
even snider sophistry is the statement that 'by a
odd coincidence' the money asked to propaga
Edoocational TV is almost EXACTLY the sum t
which old-age pensions must be curtailed th
Well, was this true? Any or all of it?
"In so far as figures are concerned, yes," Th
Horse admittted. "It would be just as true, perhap
to compute the monies this and other publishe
gain by free-loading in below-cost mailing chan
es for their papers and matching it against wh.
Federal Pensions would benefit if they paid cheel
by-jowl with ordinary users' of the mail. Or, yr
might compute the monie s they spend persona!!
these publishers, on personal goods, and cry o
that if they were to give this money to one or
dozen different and deserving causes, the sta
would not hav to cut old-age pensions, or welia
payments. Carry it to its ultimate absurdity, ar
you would have exactly what the Russians have
a dictated economy where rationally thinking mc
cannot pick and choose, in Representative Repul
lie processes, how and where and why they wa.
money spent here instead or there; or the oth
Well, it was a free country. And freedom
the press permitted a publisher to say his bit.
"That is Roger-Dodger," The Horse af firrne
"You are R-5, S-5. Your signal is loud and clc:
What we, meaning myself, gripe about is that i
some baffling reason, this greeeeeeeeat and goo
oooooooood frind apparently hasn't the' intestin
fortitude to come out flatfootedly and honestmo;
thedly speak his bit. Doubtless lusting to dm
Edoocational TV's blood, he also lusts for 8o
advertising lineage ... and fears to offend th o h
industrialists and tycoons who so generously ga
of their time and money to test without cost to t
state! the edoocational possibilities ol TV a, c:
trasted with the formal and cloistered schoolh
known heretofore as the only way to get the peoj
of a state edoocated. All object to is the pose
friendship while the knife is driven under t
trusting toga. I hate a mealymouth, and I ncv
yet knew one who was a good publisher or w
jut out a good paper. We are not gazing upon a
exception here. But the real pity of it is, it is
so baseless, this fear for such it is that ')
means the deathknell of newspapers. A smart pu
lisher would study the gimmick that is TV and ii
a place to catch hold and boost his circulati;
There are a dozen ways to ride with the tide
why buck it?" '
Didn't fish swim up waterfalls. Horsie"
"You got something there, Roger me bho
The Horse grinned. "But I'm durned if 1 ever re
a newspaper put out by fish. Not knowingly tl
is. Well, one thing is sure. Poor Richard s.id.
false friend and a shadow attend only while t
sun shines.' And if you think he is off his rocker
you just ain't watching Edoocational TV"
' Vump!"" WaSnt abUt' S 1 Said hi