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TJ U C Library
Chanel Hill . N.
WASHINGTON uvi- President Eisenhower implored a solemn,
largely silent Congress yesterday to give him gmvbehind-the-door
authority to defend the Mid-East against armed aggression by the
"ambitious despots" of "power-hungry"' Communism.
But in brandishing thL iron fist under the Soviet nose, Eisen
hower emphasized that "we seek no violence, but peace." And he
said that Russia need Have no fear from this country, in the Mid
,'Est or elsewhere, "so long as its rulers do not themselves first re
sort to aggression."
The president dramatically underscored the "grave importance
,cf hi,' message to the legislators by delivering it in person to a'
combined Senate-House session- with overflowing galleries, and to
the nation and the world by television and radio.
Specifically, Eisenhower asked a none too eager Congress to
-cooperate' in" telling friendly and "unfriendly nations alike just
"where we stand' by authorizing: '
1. Use of "the armed forces of the United States as be deems
necessary to secure and protect the territorial integrity and political
independence" of any Middle Eastern nation "against overt armed
aggression from any nation controlled by international Communism."
That would be done only if such help was requested by the en
Partly cloudy and colder. High
tnperaures 40 to 50 degrees.
VOL. LVII NO, 76
Sever al Carolina Professors
Favor New Cut Regulation
By PATSY MILLER
And BETTY HUFFMAN
Eight UXC professors Saturday
voiced general approval ofthe new
cut sy.uem recently passed by the
The professors, interviewed on
their ideas about the ruling, favo -ca
it because they feel it is a step
towards liberalization and conse
quently student maturation.
Some of these questioned antici
pated confusion in the classes af
The new; system allows junior.
and seniors' cuts to be regulated
by the individual instructors. Stu
dents inGeneral College are stil'
subject to the old three cuts per
J hose lairing upper college cou?s-!
es must maintain a C average this i
semester to be under ihe new rule.'
' Cutj taken two days before and
after holidays will still count
double for General College stu
dents, juniors and seniors are nil
affected by this rule.
"Professors said the reaction of
the das would be the main factor
in determining what regulation
they would enforce.
Geology professor Dr. Roy L?e
Ingram said, "I believe in giving
a perscn freedom to achieve his
own success or failure." He believ
es in the tasic freedom of unlimii
ed cuts out intends to be stricter
on those students who need 3 ii
dance. Dr. Robert E. Agger of the Poli
tical Science Dept. is not in favor
of the new rule because be objects
to any legulation of cuts.
"The danger feared in an un
limited cut system is that students
will take excessive cut. and get
into 2rcatf academic difficulties
As in -most of the European sys
tems ot education we 6ught to as
sume the student has responsibili
ties and' will learn his academic
duties outweigh his social incliaa
Philosophy profejyor Dr. L. O
Katsoff is in favor of leaving Lie
regulation up to the instructoy.
"Good students who are interested
IN PERSON HALL ART GALLERY
Selected Prints From Collection
In Library Now Being Displayed
By TOM BYRD
The Person Hall Art Galleiy is
currently showing 56 selected
print from the Wilson Library's
Jacock and Emmett Collections.
The prints were selected on the
basis of their quality, rather than
on the basis of any particular'
theme or style, and are fairly rep
resentative of the 400 years of
The show includes works by such
well-known artists as Rembrandt,
Durer, Goya, Piranese, Picasso and
, Duret's famous print "Melanco
iia I" is outstanding both for ili
quality and significance. His in
cisive description of the subject is
charged with an intensity which is
itself expressive of the "tragic un
rest of human creation', which
scholars have found to be the es
sential theme of this print.
o hrF 4 Sill 11 Tl Kmf 11
Complete (A) Wire
don't need any kind of system, they
just come anyway," he said.
Dr. Wayne A. Bowers of the
Phyics Dept. and Dr. W. R. Mann
of the Mathematics Dept. will fel
low liberal policies. Dr. Bowers will
leave attendance entirely up to his
Dr. Mann, who served on the
Faculty Council, spoke in favor of
the revision as a "step in the right
direction." Eventually he hopes
UNC will have no attendance rul
An English professor who did
not wish to have his name usedT
said juniors and seniors will have
a chance to be more mature about
responsibility under the new rui
-in the Journalism School. J. I..
Morrison said a cut regulation was
hard to apply to courses involving
writing. He also believer the new
rule is a step in the right direction
as students have the opportunity
to act more like adults.
By ROBERT H. BARTHOLOMEW
The University has been award
ed a training grant of $202,670
under the National Mental Health
Act by the National Institute of
Mental Health of the Department
of Health, Education and Welfare.
The announcement of the grant
was made recently by Dr. Gordon
W. Blackwell, . director of the
UNC Institute for Research in
Social Science, and Dr. Henry T.
Clark Jr.. administrator of the
UNC Division of Health Affairs.
The funds will be used to sup
port a program of doctoral train
ing for social scientists in the
field of mental health. There are
(See INDUSTRIES, Page 3)
The international reputation
which Durer enjoyed, even in hii
own time, was achieved through
the rap'd dissemination of hs
prints. His influence can be se?n
in the exhibition in such artists
as Aldegrever and Sanredam.
The exhibit fncludes five etch
ings by Rembrandt. Of these per
haps the most powerful in- its con
ception and execution is "The Dcs
cent from the Cross by Torch
With strict adherence to the Bib
lical text, Rembrandt has repre
sented the descent as taking place
at night. However, this was surely
a preference on Rembrandt's part
as well, since his work abounds
with night scenes illuminated from
within the picture.
The aquatint and etching "A
Familiar Folly" by Goya is an at
dangered country and "subject to the overriding authority of the
United Nations Security Council." '
2. American economic aid to help the Mid-East develop the
economic strength eeessary to the maintenance of national indepen
3. Military aid to any nation or nations in the area which want
4. Use of mutual security funds already available, for "economic
and defensive military purposes."
Eisenhower proposed that 200 million dollars a year be made
available for two years, starting next July l, for military and
economic assistance in the troubled Mid-East.
The resolution that was introduced to carry out his program
also asked that up to 200 million be made available from foreign
air funds already appropriated.
Thus the Mid-East air program could theoretically cost up to
600 million over the next two and a half years. However, officials
said they believed only about 50 to 75 million were available from
existing appropriations so the total program might run to 450 or
475 million. .
The President candidly declared that the new policy declaration
Dr. E. Earl Baughman, Professor
of Psychology, said he preferred
it to the old system. He does not
expect any problem to arise in
Dr. Agger, Dr. Baughman, and
Dr. Mann said they had never come
in contact with cut regulations in
schools with which they had pre
viously been associated.
Botan Instructor William Koch
said he was glad the new cut fl
ing retained regulation of cuts for
General College.. These classes are
usually larger and students ary
usually less interested, he said.
16 Of UNC
Sixteen members of the UNC
band are participating in the
first All-College Band in North
Carolina; the band is playing this
weekend in Winston-Salem.
A Winston-Salem music com
pany is sponsoring the band
which will play works by UNC fac
ulty members, including Earl Slo-
cum's transcription of Frescobaldi's
Toccata and Herbert W. Fred's
The men selected from UNC
are: Bill Roumillat, oboe; John
Hanft, and Bill Evans, flutes; Ed
die Fowlkes, Harold Johnson,
Ronald Hamilton, clarinets; Jer
1 ry Sullivan, alto clarinet; Rex
Rouse, Frank Wilson, Arty Sobel,
bass clarinets; Charles Culbreath,
alto sax; Eddie Bass and Steve
Keutzer, cornets; Dick Willis,
J French horn and Bill Kellam, tuba.
Colleges and universities par
ticipating in the band are UNC,
State College, Woman's College,
Duke, .East Carolina College, Ap
plachian State Teachers College,
Wake Forest, Davidson, Catawba,
Lenion-Rhyne, and High Point.
tack on ihe despotism and oppres
sion of his time. The print cap
tures the universal spirit of revolt
Three artists who repeatedly pro
tested against social injustices,
Goya, Daumier and Kathe Kolwitz,
are seen in first rate examples in
the show. Prints are considered to
be a natural medium for artists
who are specifically concerned
with social values, since they can
be reproduced and disseminated
The exhibition also includes
works - of a lighter vein such as
Canaletto's view of Padua or Bon
nards 'Two Children."
The exhibition was prepared by
Mrs. Myia Lauterer of the Wilson
Library's Graphic Arts Room and
Prof. Edgar Thorne of the Art
Dept. It will continue through Jan.
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, SUNDAY, JANUARY 6, 1957
To Remain Communist
VIENNA. Austria (AP)-Th e
Hungarian government began
talking tougher yesterday to its
people a day after Soviet Com
munist Boss Nikita Khrushchev
ended a secret visit to Budapest.
Minister of State Gyoergy Ma
rosan, the Hungarian Communist
Party strongman, said there will
be an unceasing fight against "all
signs of counter-revolution."
In both a newspaper article and
a speech broadcast . by Radio Buda
pest from the industrial town of
Komlo, Marosan declared Hungary
can have only a one-party govern
ment -! he government j jf the
Commuiiist Party J , , " , J 1 ; ; ! ! ,
He said the Soviet Union crush
ed the -revolt in,- Hungary- for""p
Home Of Negro farmer
CARROLLTON, Ala. (AP)
Robed nightriders fired into ' the
home tof a Negro tenant farmer
and. ordered him to move within
48 hours, Sheriff R, R. Shields said
yesterday. - . , -
Shields said the shooting and
threats were made against Jerry
Lee Doughty, a tenant on the
farm of Ernest Williams near Pa",
metto in North Pickens County
Monday night. Shields said no one
was injured and the family still
occupied the house.
The nightriders drove up ' in
seven cars, according to a young
Negro man who was staying with
the Doughtys. They wore hoods
with their faces exposed but none
of them was identified.
Shields said he was at a loss
as to the motive for the visit.
"Doughty has had some trouble
with the law but he wouldn't be
British Leader Praises Ike
PASADENA, Calif. (AP) The
leader of Britain's Labor Party
said yesterday he believes Presi
dent Eisenhower took a "very wise
and courageous step" in request
ing Congressional authority to use
American troops to curb any "power-Hungry
Communists" in the
"I'm sure it would be a valuable
contribution to peace in the Mid
dle East." said Hugh T. N. Gait-
Southeastern Health Officials '
Will Meet Here On Tuesday
Key public health officials from
throughout the southeastern Unit
ed States will meet .in , Chapel
Hill Tuesday for a one-day sess
ion of the Advisory Committee of
the university scnooi ot ruouc
The advisory group, composed
of state health officers from six
southeastern states as well as reg
ional officials of the U. S. Public
Health Service, will consider a
number of problems relating to the
practice of public health in the
Dr. Otis Anderson, assistant
surgeon general of the USPHS in
Washington, D. C. will .be the
special uest for the meeting.
Items to be discussed at the
gathering include: . needs for
trained health officers, epidemio
logists and other key public health
he laid down today "involves certain burdens and indeed risks for
the United States." He acknowledged, too, that it will not solve -all
the problems of the Middle East.
While Eisenhower offered no direct plan for meeting indirect
aggression, his words were designed to meet in some measure, at
least, advance complaints on that score from same members of
Congress. They had said that infiltration, not outright aggression,
was the prime danger, and that the Eisenhower program as out
lined earlier this week did not meet this menace.
It was a serious Congress which heard a serious President, and
it offered only meager applause for his words.
Furthermore, the reaction afterward was decidedly mixed. Some
legislators endorsed the Presidential proposals, some attacked them,
and others were noncommittal or had reservations.
The overall reaction was L-uch as to raise serious" doubts about
the final form of any I resolution Congress may vote.
In an outpouring of comment, Republicans generally gave their
endorsement to the Chief Executive's proposal. Some Democrats join
ed in announcing their support but more Democrats and even some
Republicans were critical.
tection of the working class and
Marosan said that although Ka
dar is looking for cooperation with
other political parties, "it must be
definitely established that the
working class can and will have
only one party."
Marosan declared in his broad
cast that the Soviet army protects
Hungary from what he termed
Western imperialist aggression
and enables the Kadar govern
ment to carry out its program of
"rebuilding Socialism." !
Marosan himself is a former
Social-Democrat who ; went over
to the Communists.! He 'was main
ly responsible for the forced mer
ger of the Social Democratic and
Communist paitles seven years
out or line with the 'Ku fCIux'" he
said. ' ,
The sheriff said "Doughty' "had
been living in adjoining ' Fayette
and Tuscaloosa Counties, and he
believed the nightriders came
from one of these counties.
The house had been occupied
by a white farmer in the past, but
the white family had bought a
nearby farm and moved to it.
The nightriders warned the
Doughtys that unless they moved
by sundown Wednesday, two days
later, they would return. They
were not seen again, however, al
though Shields waited at the house
Shields said some people told
him a rumor had circulated that
Doughty's children were going to
ride a white school bus; He said
this was false, as arrangements
had been made for a Negro school
bus to pick them up.
skell in an interview.
He said he has felt for some
time that there should be a pos
itive American policy on the
Middle East and "this seems to
He said peace in the Middle
East is possible within a year,
and added that the United Na
tions buffer force between Israel
and Egypt should be extended all
around Israel's borders.
personnel in the Southeast; the
provisions of the Federal program
for the .training of public health
workers; and the 'research pro
grams which should be inaugurat
ed to meet the changing' patterns
of public health.
This is the third year in which
this advisory committee has been
All meetings will be held in
the School of Public Health: Build
ing. A luncheon will be held at
12:30 p.m. at the Carolina Inn.
, Representing UNC at the ses
sion will be Dr. E. G. McGavran,
dean of the Schotl of Public
Health; Dr. John J. Wright, pro
fessor of public health admin
istration; Dr. Robert E. Coker,
research professor of public health
administration; and Dr. Henry T.
Clark Ji1., administration, Divis
ion of Health Affairs.
Offices in Graham Memorial
Noted Political Phil osophe
Chosen For Weil Lectures
GEORGE E. C. CATLIN
Weil Lecturer r.k
"It is high time that college
administrators, athletic authorities,
and alumni give more serious at
tention to the matter of maintain
ing their athletic programs on
the same high plane of integrity
and idealism upon which their
other educational programs are
maintained. It is generally recog
nized that alumni do most of the
under - the - table dealing to out
standing athletes, but it is also
known that where there is much
of this sort of thing being done
the coaching staff knows about
it and approves it. Universities
and colleges have dodged behind
alumni long enough."
These Criticisms f onn the
substance of a talk made by Al
bert Burton Moore, graduate dean
of the University of Alabama who
recently ended a two-year term
as president of the National Col
legiate Athletic Assn. and is now
a member of the executive com
mittee of that body, at the meet
ing of the Chapel Hill Rotary Club
The controversial subject of the
recruiting of college athletes in
connection with the NCAA was
brought under fire by Moore as
the main topic of his talk. Prom
inent in .the public view in the
last year, the NCAA has become
particularly recognized in North
Carolina because of its exposure
of extensive violations of rules
by universities and colleges and
the stiff penalties it has inflicted
on State College.
Inclucied in the organizational
set-up of the NCAA is a Coun
cil, which is the policy-making and
rule-interpreting agency between
the annual conventions of the
"It is also charged with the
heavy responsibility of enforcing
the rules and regulations of the
Association. It may take any
punitive action against a member
institution for violating rules,
except that of suspending or eject
ing it from the Association."
In London, Britain hailed the new ' Eisenhower Doctrine" for
the Middle East but there was no echo from the Arsb world.
Government leaders in Western Europe were cautions in com
menting at once on the economic-military program.
A French Foreign Ministry spoken-man said France was informed
a week ago of U. S. intentions and approved in general an outline
of the proposed "Eisenhower Doctrine."
In Moscow, a communique disclosing that Communist Party
Chief Nikita Khrushchev and former Soviet Premier Georgi Malen
kov met with Communist leaders of Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania and
Czechoslovakia in Budapest earlier this week faid that all blamed
the United States for rising Middle East tension.
In Cairo, Egyptian officials waited to study the Eisenhower
speech carefully before commenting.
Perhaps the tenor of reaction from Arab states friendly to
Egypt was set by Foreign Minister Salah Bitar of Syria before Eisen
hower addressed Congress.
Bitar said in Damascus that Arab states were opposed to the
United States acting alone in the Middle East to oppose aggression
But would welcome action within the fromework of the United
Dr. Catlin To Give Talks Here
During First Week In April
Political philosopher (ieorge Catlin will deliver the i)-,7
Weil Lectures on American Citizenship here April j, rt and (.
Currently a professor of political science at McGill Uni
versity in Montreal, Canada. Catlin has lectured widely as
"one of the world's leading authorities on international af
fairs." Dr. Alexander Heard, chairman of the l7NC Commit-
Auditions for the casts of three
one'act playslvill' be Held by the
Carolina Plaf makers tomorrow at
4 ' p.m. -
Tryouts will be viewed at the
Written and directed by UNC
graduate students, the plays will
De: noom ior neni uy Jiarcei
line rlrafchick of Philadelphia.
Pa., directed by Nancy Christ of
Nevvark, N. J.; "Portrait of a
Dragon" by Josephine Stipe of
Chapel Hill, directed by Mary Ruth
Johnston of Eupora. Miss.; and
"Child of Two Winds" by Peter, White Fellow in 1923-24 and re
B. O'Sullivan of Valhalla, N. Y., ! gained there as professor of poli
directed by Richard Rothrock of tics until 1933- He has held var
Soringdale. Ark. ! ious- lecture posts at Yale, Cal-
Thomas Wolfe and Elizabeth
Lay (noA- Mrs. Paul Green) found.d
the tradition of original one-act
play production in Chapel Hill in
1919. 176 of such presentations
have been produced by the Play
makers since that time in an ef
fort to stimulate and encourage
the writing of plays on the camp
us. Tryouts are open to everyone,
and admission to the productions
is free of charge.
School legislation, with emphasis
on the Pearsall Plan, is the sub
ject of a lead article in the fall
issue of the North Carolina Law
Review, published by the Univers
ity School of Law.
Prof. Robert H. Wettach, form
er dean of the school, prepared
the article which presents both
sides of the. picture in school
legislation. A second major arti
cle, concerning taxation, was
written by J. Duane Gilliam, Law
School senior and an instructor
in the Business Administration
Richmond G.- Bernhardt Jr. of
Lenoir is editor-in-chief of the
Review, whose staff is selected
by the faculty on the basis of high
scholastic standing; Bernhardt has
a straight "A" average, as does
Jack T. Hamilton of Smithfield,
an associate editor of the Review.
Other associate editors are L.
Poindexter Watts Jr. of Charlotte
and Ted G. West of Lenoir. The
publication's business manager is
Spencer L. Blaylock Jr. of Greens
boro. All five men are members
of the senior law class.
Easier to fly than ride. See page
FOUR PAGES THIS ISSUt
tee on Established Lectures, an-
1 nounced plans for the Weil Lec
tures, which have been delivered
in recent years by such disting
uished world citizens ,as Robert A.
Taft, Zechariah ' Chafee Jr. and
I The 1956 -lectures, given by
1 Gen. Carlos Komulo, Philippine
delegate to . the Unitrd Rations,
were combined with the weck-lcng
Carolina Symposium . on Public
Originated at the .University
aunng trie jyi4-io .school year,
the lectures were later endowed
by the families of Sol and Henry
' vVeil of Gokisboro. William How-
( ard Trft delivered the first lect-
Catlin. a triple prizeman while
an Oxiord University studen'
came to Cornell University as a
cutta, Poki"s, Heidelberg, Colum
bia and other universities. -
While still in his twenties he
wrote "The Science and Method
of Politics." now considered a
milestone in the developmynt of
contemporary political science.
Among his many other writing;
are "The Story of Political Phi
losophers." "One Anglo-American
N.H-on," rnd ' A Study of the
Principles of Politics."
During 1948 Catlin led the
Sritish delegation to the Luxem
bourg Conlcrence, which met with
French and Gorman representa
tives, headed by Maurice Schu
mann aiid Conrad Adenauer. The
same year he prepared memoran
da on international . coordination
of idea piojection, which was
discussed, with Mrs. Franklin D.
Roosevelt. General Dwight D.
Eisenhower and John Foster Dul
les. Catlin toured South East Asia
in 1952. speaking on behalf of
the British Foreign office in jt-v
eral places, and visiting Pakistan.
India, Ceylon, Siam, Malaya, Au
stralia. Burma and Indonesia.
Tar Heel Staff Meeting
A special meeting of Daily
Tar Heel staff writers and re
porters has been called for 1
p.m. tomorrow afternoon in thm
This will be the last meeting
before exams. The fall semester
will be reviewed, special awards
given, and plans laid for ntxt
Charlie Sloan, managing edi
tor, has asked that all student
whose names have appeared on
the masthead this semester be
present for the meeting.
Another staff meeting is
scheduled for the first full week
of the spring semester, when stu
dents interested in writing for
the paper will be introduced t
the staff and given assignments.