The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, January 06, 1957, Page 1, Image 1
KUTMt iiMjt. Hn ltf'WO. ItllllljiiljiBir iiH m)jliltiijiti lljl TJ U C Library Serials Dept. Chanel Hill . N. C. WASHINGTON uvi- President Eisenhower implored a solemn, largely silent Congress yesterday to give him gmvbehind-the-door authority to defend the Mid-East against armed aggression by the "ambitious despots" of "power-hungry"' Communism. But in brandishing thL iron fist under the Soviet nose, Eisen hower emphasized that "we seek no violence, but peace." And he said that Russia need Have no fear from this country, in the Mid ,'Est or elsewhere, "so long as its rulers do not themselves first re sort to aggression." The president dramatically underscored the "grave importance ,cf hi,' message to the legislators by delivering it in person to a' combined Senate-House session- with overflowing galleries, and to the nation and the world by television and radio. Specifically, Eisenhower asked a none too eager Congress to -cooperate' in" telling friendly and "unfriendly nations alike just "where we stand' by authorizing: ' 1. Use of "the armed forces of the United States as be deems necessary to secure and protect the territorial integrity and political independence" of any Middle Eastern nation "against overt armed aggression from any nation controlled by international Communism." That would be done only if such help was requested by the en WEATHER Partly cloudy and colder. High tnperaures 40 to 50 degrees. VOL. LVII NO, 76 Sever al Carolina Professors Favor New Cut Regulation By PATSY MILLER And BETTY HUFFMAN Eight UXC professors Saturday voiced general approval ofthe new cut sy.uem recently passed by the Faculty Council. The professors, interviewed on their ideas about the ruling, favo -ca it because they feel it is a step towards liberalization and conse quently student maturation. Some of these questioned antici pated confusion in the classes af .fuvst. The new; system allows junior. and seniors' cuts to be regulated by the individual instructors. Stu dents inGeneral College are stil' subject to the old three cuts per semester rule. J hose lairing upper college cou?s-! es must maintain a C average this i semester to be under ihe new rule.' ' Cutj taken two days before and after holidays will still count double for General College stu dents, juniors and seniors are nil affected by this rule. "Professors said the reaction of the das would be the main factor in determining what regulation they would enforce. FREEDOM Geology professor Dr. Roy L?e Ingram said, "I believe in giving a perscn freedom to achieve his own success or failure." He believ es in the tasic freedom of unlimii ed cuts out intends to be stricter on those students who need 3 ii dance. Dr. Robert E. Agger of the Poli tical Science Dept. is not in favor of the new rule because be objects to any legulation of cuts. "The danger feared in an un limited cut system is that students will take excessive cut. and get into 2rcatf academic difficulties As in -most of the European sys tems ot education we 6ught to as sume the student has responsibili ties and' will learn his academic duties outweigh his social incliaa lions." Philosophy profejyor Dr. L. O Katsoff is in favor of leaving Lie regulation up to the instructoy. "Good students who are interested IN PERSON HALL ART GALLERY Selected Prints From Collection In Library Now Being Displayed By TOM BYRD The Person Hall Art Galleiy is currently showing 56 selected print from the Wilson Library's Jacock and Emmett Collections. The prints were selected on the basis of their quality, rather than on the basis of any particular' theme or style, and are fairly rep resentative of the 400 years of printmaking. ' The show includes works by such well-known artists as Rembrandt, Durer, Goya, Piranese, Picasso and Kolwitz. , Duret's famous print "Melanco iia I" is outstanding both for ili quality and significance. His in cisive description of the subject is charged with an intensity which is itself expressive of the "tragic un rest of human creation', which scholars have found to be the es sential theme of this print. o hrF 4 Sill 11 Tl Kmf 11 Complete (A) Wire don't need any kind of system, they just come anyway," he said. Dr. Wayne A. Bowers of the Phyics Dept. and Dr. W. R. Mann of the Mathematics Dept. will fel low liberal policies. Dr. Bowers will leave attendance entirely up to his students. Dr. Mann, who served on the Faculty Council, spoke in favor of the revision as a "step in the right direction." Eventually he hopes UNC will have no attendance rul es. MORE MATURE An English professor who did not wish to have his name usedT said juniors and seniors will have a chance to be more mature about responsibility under the new rui ! ins- -in the Journalism School. J. I.. Morrison said a cut regulation was hard to apply to courses involving writing. He also believer the new rule is a step in the right direction as students have the opportunity to act more like adults. Uni versify Institute Gets Award By ROBERT H. BARTHOLOMEW The University has been award ed a training grant of $202,670 under the National Mental Health Act by the National Institute of Mental Health of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare. The announcement of the grant was made recently by Dr. Gordon W. Blackwell, . director of the UNC Institute for Research in Social Science, and Dr. Henry T. Clark Jr.. administrator of the UNC Division of Health Affairs. The funds will be used to sup port a program of doctoral train ing for social scientists in the field of mental health. There are (See INDUSTRIES, Page 3) The international reputation which Durer enjoyed, even in hii own time, was achieved through the rap'd dissemination of hs prints. His influence can be se?n in the exhibition in such artists as Aldegrever and Sanredam. The exhibit fncludes five etch ings by Rembrandt. Of these per haps the most powerful in- its con ception and execution is "The Dcs cent from the Cross by Torch Light." With strict adherence to the Bib lical text, Rembrandt has repre sented the descent as taking place at night. However, this was surely a preference on Rembrandt's part as well, since his work abounds with night scenes illuminated from within the picture. The aquatint and etching "A Familiar Folly" by Goya is an at dangered country and "subject to the overriding authority of the United Nations Security Council." ' 2. American economic aid to help the Mid-East develop the economic strength eeessary to the maintenance of national indepen dence. 3. Military aid to any nation or nations in the area which want it. 4. Use of mutual security funds already available, for "economic and defensive military purposes." Eisenhower proposed that 200 million dollars a year be made available for two years, starting next July l, for military and economic assistance in the troubled Mid-East. The resolution that was introduced to carry out his program also asked that up to 200 million be made available from foreign air funds already appropriated. Thus the Mid-East air program could theoretically cost up to 600 million over the next two and a half years. However, officials said they believed only about 50 to 75 million were available from existing appropriations so the total program might run to 450 or 475 million. . The President candidly declared that the new policy declaration Service Dr. E. Earl Baughman, Professor of Psychology, said he preferred it to the old system. He does not expect any problem to arise in his classes. Dr. Agger, Dr. Baughman, and Dr. Mann said they had never come in contact with cut regulations in schools with which they had pre viously been associated. Botan Instructor William Koch said he was glad the new cut fl ing retained regulation of cuts for General College.. These classes are usually larger and students ary usually less interested, he said. All-Goilege Band Lists 16 Of UNC Sixteen members of the UNC band are participating in the first All-College Band in North Carolina; the band is playing this weekend in Winston-Salem. A Winston-Salem music com pany is sponsoring the band which will play works by UNC fac ulty members, including Earl Slo- cum's transcription of Frescobaldi's Toccata and Herbert W. Fred's Finnish Rhapsody. The men selected from UNC are: Bill Roumillat, oboe; John Hanft, and Bill Evans, flutes; Ed die Fowlkes, Harold Johnson, Ronald Hamilton, clarinets; Jer 1 ry Sullivan, alto clarinet; Rex Rouse, Frank Wilson, Arty Sobel, bass clarinets; Charles Culbreath, alto sax; Eddie Bass and Steve Keutzer, cornets; Dick Willis, J French horn and Bill Kellam, tuba. Colleges and universities par ticipating in the band are UNC, State College, Woman's College, Duke, .East Carolina College, Ap plachian State Teachers College, Wake Forest, Davidson, Catawba, Lenion-Rhyne, and High Point. tack on ihe despotism and oppres sion of his time. The print cap tures the universal spirit of revolt against tyranny. Three artists who repeatedly pro tested against social injustices, Goya, Daumier and Kathe Kolwitz, are seen in first rate examples in the show. Prints are considered to be a natural medium for artists who are specifically concerned with social values, since they can be reproduced and disseminated easily. The exhibition also includes works - of a lighter vein such as Canaletto's view of Padua or Bon nards 'Two Children." The exhibition was prepared by Mrs. Myia Lauterer of the Wilson Library's Graphic Arts Room and Prof. Edgar Thorne of the Art Dept. It will continue through Jan. 20. - CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, SUNDAY, JANUARY 6, 1957 Hungarian government To Remain Communist VIENNA. Austria (AP)-Th e Hungarian government began talking tougher yesterday to its people a day after Soviet Com munist Boss Nikita Khrushchev ended a secret visit to Budapest. Minister of State Gyoergy Ma rosan, the Hungarian Communist Party strongman, said there will be an unceasing fight against "all signs of counter-revolution." In both a newspaper article and a speech broadcast . by Radio Buda pest from the industrial town of Komlo, Marosan declared Hungary can have only a one-party govern ment -! he government j jf the Commuiiist Party J , , " , J 1 ; ; ! ! , He said the Soviet Union crush sh- TO'" ed the -revolt in,- Hungary- for""p Home Of Negro farmer CARROLLTON, Ala. (AP) Robed nightriders fired into ' the home tof a Negro tenant farmer and. ordered him to move within 48 hours, Sheriff R, R. Shields said yesterday. - . , - Shields said the shooting and threats were made against Jerry Lee Doughty, a tenant on the farm of Ernest Williams near Pa", metto in North Pickens County Monday night. Shields said no one was injured and the family still occupied the house. The nightriders drove up ' in seven cars, according to a young Negro man who was staying with the Doughtys. They wore hoods with their faces exposed but none of them was identified. Shields said he was at a loss as to the motive for the visit. "Doughty has had some trouble with the law but he wouldn't be British Leader Praises Ike PASADENA, Calif. (AP) The leader of Britain's Labor Party said yesterday he believes Presi dent Eisenhower took a "very wise and courageous step" in request ing Congressional authority to use American troops to curb any "power-Hungry Communists" in the Middle East. "I'm sure it would be a valuable contribution to peace in the Mid dle East." said Hugh T. N. Gait- Southeastern Health Officials ' Will Meet Here On Tuesday Key public health officials from throughout the southeastern Unit ed States will meet .in , Chapel Hill Tuesday for a one-day sess ion of the Advisory Committee of the university scnooi ot ruouc Health. The advisory group, composed of state health officers from six southeastern states as well as reg ional officials of the U. S. Public Health Service, will consider a number of problems relating to the practice of public health in the South today. Dr. Otis Anderson, assistant surgeon general of the USPHS in Washington, D. C. will .be the special uest for the meeting. Items to be discussed at the gathering include: . needs for trained health officers, epidemio logists and other key public health Mid v he laid down today "involves certain burdens and indeed risks for the United States." He acknowledged, too, that it will not solve -all the problems of the Middle East. While Eisenhower offered no direct plan for meeting indirect aggression, his words were designed to meet in some measure, at least, advance complaints on that score from same members of Congress. They had said that infiltration, not outright aggression, was the prime danger, and that the Eisenhower program as out lined earlier this week did not meet this menace. CONGRESSIONAL REACTION It was a serious Congress which heard a serious President, and it offered only meager applause for his words. Furthermore, the reaction afterward was decidedly mixed. Some legislators endorsed the Presidential proposals, some attacked them, and others were noncommittal or had reservations. The overall reaction was L-uch as to raise serious" doubts about the final form of any I resolution Congress may vote. In an outpouring of comment, Republicans generally gave their endorsement to the Chief Executive's proposal. Some Democrats join ed in announcing their support but more Democrats and even some Republicans were critical. tection of the working class and Socialist achievements." Marosan said that although Ka dar is looking for cooperation with other political parties, "it must be definitely established that the working class can and will have only one party." Marosan declared in his broad cast that the Soviet army protects Hungary from what he termed Western imperialist aggression and enables the Kadar govern ment to carry out its program of "rebuilding Socialism." ! Marosan himself is a former Social-Democrat who ; went over to the Communists.! He 'was main ly responsible for the forced mer ger of the Social Democratic and Communist paitles seven years ago.""- v fired On out or line with the 'Ku fCIux'" he said. ' , The sheriff said "Doughty' "had been living in adjoining ' Fayette and Tuscaloosa Counties, and he believed the nightriders came from one of these counties. The house had been occupied by a white farmer in the past, but the white family had bought a nearby farm and moved to it. The nightriders warned the Doughtys that unless they moved by sundown Wednesday, two days later, they would return. They were not seen again, however, al though Shields waited at the house Wednesday night. Shields said some people told him a rumor had circulated that Doughty's children were going to ride a white school bus; He said this was false, as arrangements had been made for a Negro school bus to pick them up. skell in an interview. He said he has felt for some time that there should be a pos itive American policy on the Middle East and "this seems to be happening.". He said peace in the Middle East is possible within a year, and added that the United Na tions buffer force between Israel and Egypt should be extended all around Israel's borders. personnel in the Southeast; the provisions of the Federal program for the .training of public health workers; and the 'research pro grams which should be inaugurat ed to meet the changing' patterns of public health. This is the third year in which this advisory committee has been active. All meetings will be held in the School of Public Health: Build ing. A luncheon will be held at 12:30 p.m. at the Carolina Inn. , Representing UNC at the ses sion will be Dr. E. G. McGavran, dean of the Schotl of Public Health; Dr. John J. Wright, pro fessor of public health admin istration; Dr. Robert E. Coker, research professor of public health administration; and Dr. Henry T. Clark Ji1., administration, Divis ion of Health Affairs. Easl Against Agression Offices in Graham Memorial Noted Political Phil osophe Chosen For Weil Lectures r GEORGE E. C. CATLIN Weil Lecturer r.k Ai'SvAAobKe Criticizes Recruiting "It is high time that college administrators, athletic authorities, and alumni give more serious at tention to the matter of maintain ing their athletic programs on the same high plane of integrity and idealism upon which their other educational programs are maintained. It is generally recog nized that alumni do most of the under - the - table dealing to out standing athletes, but it is also known that where there is much of this sort of thing being done the coaching staff knows about it and approves it. Universities and colleges have dodged behind alumni long enough." These Criticisms f onn the substance of a talk made by Al bert Burton Moore, graduate dean of the University of Alabama who recently ended a two-year term as president of the National Col legiate Athletic Assn. and is now a member of the executive com mittee of that body, at the meet ing of the Chapel Hill Rotary Club Wednesday night. The controversial subject of the recruiting of college athletes in connection with the NCAA was brought under fire by Moore as the main topic of his talk. Prom inent in .the public view in the last year, the NCAA has become particularly recognized in North Carolina because of its exposure of extensive violations of rules by universities and colleges and the stiff penalties it has inflicted on State College. Inclucied in the organizational set-up of the NCAA is a Coun cil, which is the policy-making and rule-interpreting agency between the annual conventions of the Association. "It is also charged with the heavy responsibility of enforcing the rules and regulations of the Association. It may take any punitive action against a member institution for violating rules, except that of suspending or eject ing it from the Association." Moore explained. WORLD REACTION In London, Britain hailed the new ' Eisenhower Doctrine" for the Middle East but there was no echo from the Arsb world. Government leaders in Western Europe were cautions in com menting at once on the economic-military program. A French Foreign Ministry spoken-man said France was informed a week ago of U. S. intentions and approved in general an outline of the proposed "Eisenhower Doctrine." In Moscow, a communique disclosing that Communist Party Chief Nikita Khrushchev and former Soviet Premier Georgi Malen kov met with Communist leaders of Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania and Czechoslovakia in Budapest earlier this week faid that all blamed the United States for rising Middle East tension. In Cairo, Egyptian officials waited to study the Eisenhower speech carefully before commenting. Perhaps the tenor of reaction from Arab states friendly to Egypt was set by Foreign Minister Salah Bitar of Syria before Eisen hower addressed Congress. Bitar said in Damascus that Arab states were opposed to the United States acting alone in the Middle East to oppose aggression But would welcome action within the fromework of the United Nations. Dr. Catlin To Give Talks Here During First Week In April Political philosopher (ieorge Catlin will deliver the i)-,7 Weil Lectures on American Citizenship here April j, rt and (. Currently a professor of political science at McGill Uni versity in Montreal, Canada. Catlin has lectured widely as "one of the world's leading authorities on international af fairs." Dr. Alexander Heard, chairman of the l7NC Commit- Tryouts Begin Tomorrow For Plavmakers Auditions for the casts of three one'act playslvill' be Held by the Carolina Plaf makers tomorrow at 4 ' p.m. - Tryouts will be viewed at the Playmakers' Theatre. Written and directed by UNC graduate students, the plays will De: noom ior neni uy Jiarcei line rlrafchick of Philadelphia. Pa., directed by Nancy Christ of Nevvark, N. J.; "Portrait of a Dragon" by Josephine Stipe of Chapel Hill, directed by Mary Ruth Johnston of Eupora. Miss.; and "Child of Two Winds" by Peter, White Fellow in 1923-24 and re B. O'Sullivan of Valhalla, N. Y., ! gained there as professor of poli directed by Richard Rothrock of tics until 1933- He has held var Soringdale. Ark. ! ious- lecture posts at Yale, Cal- Thomas Wolfe and Elizabeth Lay (noA- Mrs. Paul Green) found.d the tradition of original one-act play production in Chapel Hill in 1919. 176 of such presentations have been produced by the Play makers since that time in an ef fort to stimulate and encourage the writing of plays on the camp us. Tryouts are open to everyone, and admission to the productions is free of charge. IN SCHOOLS law Review Has Article On Legislation School legislation, with emphasis on the Pearsall Plan, is the sub ject of a lead article in the fall issue of the North Carolina Law Review, published by the Univers ity School of Law. Prof. Robert H. Wettach, form er dean of the school, prepared the article which presents both sides of the. picture in school legislation. A second major arti cle, concerning taxation, was written by J. Duane Gilliam, Law School senior and an instructor in the Business Administration School. Richmond G.- Bernhardt Jr. of Lenoir is editor-in-chief of the Review, whose staff is selected by the faculty on the basis of high scholastic standing; Bernhardt has a straight "A" average, as does Jack T. Hamilton of Smithfield, an associate editor of the Review. Other associate editors are L. Poindexter Watts Jr. of Charlotte and Ted G. West of Lenoir. The publication's business manager is Spencer L. Blaylock Jr. of Greens boro. All five men are members of the senior law class. AIRPORT Easier to fly than ride. See page FOUR PAGES THIS ISSUt tee on Established Lectures, an- 1 nounced plans for the Weil Lec tures, which have been delivered in recent years by such disting uished world citizens ,as Robert A. Taft, Zechariah ' Chafee Jr. and Galo Plara. I The 1956 -lectures, given by 1 Gen. Carlos Komulo, Philippine delegate to . the Unitrd Rations, were combined with the weck-lcng Carolina Symposium . on Public Affairs. Originated at the .University aunng trie jyi4-io .school year, the lectures were later endowed by the families of Sol and Henry ' vVeil of Gokisboro. William How- ( ard Trft delivered the first lect- Catlin. a triple prizeman while an Oxiord University studen' came to Cornell University as a cutta, Poki"s, Heidelberg, Colum bia and other universities. - While still in his twenties he wrote "The Science and Method of Politics." now considered a milestone in the developmynt of contemporary political science. Among his many other writing; are "The Story of Political Phi losophers." "One Anglo-American N.H-on," rnd ' A Study of the Principles of Politics." During 1948 Catlin led the Sritish delegation to the Luxem bourg Conlcrence, which met with French and Gorman representa tives, headed by Maurice Schu mann aiid Conrad Adenauer. The same year he prepared memoran da on international . coordination of idea piojection, which was discussed, with Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt. General Dwight D. Eisenhower and John Foster Dul les. Catlin toured South East Asia in 1952. speaking on behalf of the British Foreign office in jt-v eral places, and visiting Pakistan. India, Ceylon, Siam, Malaya, Au stralia. Burma and Indonesia. Tar Heel Staff Meeting A special meeting of Daily Tar Heel staff writers and re porters has been called for 1 p.m. tomorrow afternoon in thm news room. This will be the last meeting before exams. The fall semester will be reviewed, special awards given, and plans laid for ntxt semester. Charlie Sloan, managing edi tor, has asked that all student whose names have appeared on the masthead this semester be present for the meeting. Another staff meeting is scheduled for the first full week of the spring semester, when stu dents interested in writing for the paper will be introduced t the staff and given assignments.