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THE DAILY TAR HEEL
SATURDAY, JANUARY 12, 1S57
Library Head's Resignation
Was Surprise To Students
Announcement jt the resignation of Carolina's efficient young head
librarian was an inter shock-to many faculty members, students and
friends bi the Wilson Library.
Andrew- Hord had made many friends in the two and one-half years
he was here. Now, for "personr.1 reasons' he is going away.
? Dr. Horn's resignation came as a shock to pinny people because of
the small time he has been here. In addition, many members of the
facultv had invert him their com
plete acceptance: they watched
him at work lor the past two and
one half years, and they liked what
His leaving also hurts because
it is another case of a young, cap
able and well-liked administrator
leaving the University of Xorth
Carolina for some other job. lTs
ually, the "some other job" pays
far more than the state Legislature
will let ITXC offer. .
Neither the University nor Or.
Horn have stated what the "per
sonal reasons" are. liut it is under
stood, that better treatment of the
Library by the state would not
have hurt matters at all.
iast bienhium the General As
sembly, in a particularly stupid
move, chopped the Library's ap
propriations request exactly in
half. This meant the Library tyould
not be able to function properly; in
the interest of scholars, students
and faculty members. - (
Now, what will candidates for
Dn Horh'sl , position think, .w-'heji
they are interviewed by" the; Urii
versitv? Chances are, it will be dif
ficult to get a man who approaches
the caliber of Andrew Horn.
portant to the issue, was pointed
portaut tot he issus, was pointed
up by the ; nnoinu ement of Dr.
Horn s resignation:
The news was not given out. It
was leaked out.
The Unhersity. in past years,
has adopted a Pentagon system of
answering reporters' questions.
It replies, "No, continent." The
reporter must lean on a system of
spies throughout the University,
people who come across rumor,
ask questions about it, report it to
Of course, much of the rumor
turns out to be imagination. But
w ho is to believe whom when ques
tions are answered by a chorus of
" The Pentagon system was used
' in reporting Dr. Horn's' resigna
tion. ; : ' It is a pretty silly way to run a
j university. And the unfounded
j 1 iiuTiors that result from a "No
comment" university create" far
more harm than good.
A Memo To The Legislature
North Carolina had better get
conceited. Everybody's favorite
void is progress, and some of the
in ore optimistic souls have added
peace and prosperity to their vo
cabulary. Hut North Carolina is
suffering from a passion for-re-i
maining its simple: agrarian, hrmi
ibleself. t. ; ' . . : :n :H .
; o . I loilc . has ..been , making ,
livery effort t tlraw.bi;. bush jess
to the state. Some small industries
have begiui to show inYVrtSt;" ahdv
13 few have" 8':-'readv set' ! their
! plants. Unfortunately.;, interestjiiri.
Ja revitalized and compertiye .'ortli
Carolina stops only a few off ices"
down from the Oovenior's.,.
:iit: Ui i t:!.:J t :
Thti japparettt' ni;tjt hiterestt of
the legislators ;L uitamtaming., the
'status. quo. One cr.sual observer of
the body's actions . says the most
prevalent attitude is one of "what
was good enough -for me is good
.enough for Thy children."' Judging
from constant efforts to lower taxes
at the expense of education and
development this observation is
altogether -too accurate..
Occasionally the legislature is
the victim of legitimate ill wimLs.
When the I'niversity asked for
money to build new living quar
ters, botlv dormitories and apart
ments for married, students,, the re
quest was cut to the bone. On the
surface this makes the legislature
seem like a pretty close-pursed
group. However the nation's econ
omy was balancing on the edge of
The Daily Tar Heel
The official itudent publication of the
Publications Board of the University of
North Carolina, where it is published
daily except Monday and "examination
and vacation periods and summer terms
Entered as second class matter in thi
cost office in Chapel Hill, N. C, undei
the Act oi March 8, 1870. Subscription
rates: mailed. S4 per year, 52 50 a semei
ter; delivered. $6 a year, $3.50 a lemer
Editor FRED POWLEDCfc
Business Manager BILL BOB iLEL
Advertising Manager .
Circulation . Manager Charlie Holt
tfEWS STAFF Clarke Jones, flay Link
er, Joan Moore. Pringle Pipkin, -Anna
Drake, Edith MacKinnon, Wally Kuralt,
Mary Alys Voorhees, Graham Snyder,
Billy Barnes, Neil Bass, Gary Nichols,
Page Bernstein. Peg Humphrey, PhyllU
Maultsbyt Ben Taylor .
BUSINESS STAFF Rosa Moore, Johnny
Whitaker, Dick Leavitt, Dick Sirkin.
SPORTS STAFF: Bill King, Jim Purks,
Jimmy Harper, Dave Wible, Charley
- . 1 . .i
Night Editor Charlie Sloan
Proof Reader Manley Springs
an economic slump at the time, and
the solom didn't know whether a
period of "bust" was coming or
not. The conservative nature ot
the group no doubt enlarged the
situation, but they still had a legiti
mate reason for their action. The
i tcpnomic ; dip did not continue.
tand the, -University found itself in
as tfht a. position as ever as far
as housing ' it's students was con
ouN-v- iit time has tome for an-
toer ..jStjssion. Already, pressure
groups" are brushing off their sales
ralks'h'iM making the rounds of of-f
fires in an effort to get favorable
' rec?gin(i f tinder the capitol
.do.tueSoiJij;fgme .interests will be
Uiriiniiigilor;iegisl;vt.6rs to find
I little gifts- in 'the fmrjeau drawers
hi their hotel rooms. '
There will be much back-slap-ing
and cigar-passing in capitol
square. Tobacco crops, ears a n d
babies will be subjected to the
usual comparative scrutiny of own
ers and fathers. F.vcntualy the top
ic, of discussion will ge around to
the welfare of North Carolina.
' Although .the world is in a- state
of crisis the nation is still prosper
ous and -climbing to greater eco
nomic heights. So now there will
lie nothing to blame but the petty
conservatism of the legislators if
the close of die next session does
not find North Carolina back in
serious competition with other
states. This state can have the
best schools, the most prosperous
farmers, the smoothest highways,
the largest industries and the most
booming towns of any in the na
tion. All it hr.-s to do is stop trying to
oe the most unassuming one.
It seems to be the season of the
of the 'ezv when die editors of
dormitory newspapers dust off
their typewriters and finally get
around to putting out one last edi
tion before exams.
Occasionally an editor will step
on somebody's toes and stir , the
whole, dorm and part of the camp
us into a brie! emotional uproar.
However, on the whole, the dorm
itory newspaper is ;ii source of good
jokes, bad puns and general infor
mation on the doings -of the dorm.
These paers are a good sign
They are a sign that the man in
the lower quad is a little more
than a blind constituent of student
politicians. We are looking for
ward to seeing more dorm papers
after exams are over.
NORTH CAROLINA 1970-PART 2:
A NORTHERN VIEW:
Gordon W. Blackwell
This is the second part of
Dr. Black-well's speech. oh North
Carolina 1970. .Below he con
tinues his discussion of the
High birth rates since 1940
and. continually lowering death
rates have resulted in a trend
toward . more children and more
aged people to be supported by
our labor force. For example,
in 1950 one North Carolinian in
every 18 was over 65 years of
age; by 1970, this ration will be
one in 12. For every worker, 'we
are coming to have more mouths
to be fed, more backs to be
clothed, more bodies to be kept
healthy, and more pupils -to be
Our population has been, ex
: tremely ' mobile. Between 1940
, and 195,0, we, suffered a net-loss
through migration ot 209,000
people, with the rate of out
migration being especially .high
for Negroes. It has been as
though a giant eggbeater has
been stirring in the state, spew
ing out people to other parts
of" the nation, mostly northward,
sending people .from farms to
towns within the' state, and suck-
ing- in many people from states
to the south of us.
Out of all ' this movement of
people has come the so-called
balanced state, with a third of
our, population on farms, a third ",
living in the country but not en-"
gaged in -agriculture, and a third
living in" towns and cities.
The most significant trend in
the past generation in "North
Carolina has been the growth of
"the more "than- 100 towns and
cities, arid the urbanization of
rural areas. The extension of"
good roads and power lines into
farming areas have been an im-
fate Ikes Big Stick:
A Stitch In 1 ime?
Well, It's Sort Of New With Us'
OTHER NEWSPAPERS SAY:
Qf Man s Inhumanity To Man
The New York Times
An all too apt illustration of
man's inhumanity to man and
to himself can be found in the
grim statistical record of 40,200
persons killed 'last year in traf
fic accidents. A small percentage
of the loll properly can be
charged to mechanically de
fective vehicles, to bad roads,
to inadequate highway engineer
ing safeguards and to unexpect
ed weather hazards. A larger
responsibility rests with official
indifference that makes a mock
ery of driver licensing qualifica
tions in som? states, weak en
forcement at the police level and
minimum punishment, f any, at
the court level.
But withal, the greatest re
sponsibility for the ever-rising
traffic toll must be placed square
ly where it is the least explain
able at the motorists' doorstep.
Hard-working traffic investiga
tors have come a long way in
searching out the surface causes
of accidents, but it is obvious
that that way is not enough.
It is all well and good to
know that a vast number of road
mishaps., occur because drivers
are in 'a hurry; not necessarily
speeding per se bu going too
fast for conditions. But until we
know the motivation for the act
there seems little hope of radi
cally reducing the perils of the
highway. A nation that will-spend
millions on medical research
should be willing to spend more
than a pittance on scientific traf
fice research as is the case now,
particularly when it is realized
that four times as many persons
were killed in motor crashes last
year as were afflicted with polio.
portant part of this urbanization
Farming communities have be
come suburban fringe communi
ties inhabited largely by part
time farmers, or families who
farm not even a, little. There are
more than 200,000 part-time farm
families in North Carolina. En
tire rural communities, especially
'in the iPedmont, have become
essentially urban and suburban,
with countless string towns
spread out along the four-lane ' .
highways and the railroads. Our
33 percent urban population is
expected to increase to 40 per
cent by 1970.
Study of a spot map of North
Carolina population reveals' a
crescent of urbanized counties
extending from Italeigh through
Durham, Burlington, Greensboro,
Winston-Salem, High Point,
Thomasville, Lexington, Salis
bury, Kannapolis, Concord, Char
lotte, Gastonia. Along this route
a new form of metropolitan reg
ion is taking shape. Rural people
are becoming part of urban com
munities and are participating in
the institutions of town and city.
And . many of these cities are
finding that they are mutually
interdependent and have prob
lems which must be solved co
operatively. For , example, the
Baleigh-Durham-Qhapel Ilill area
is being integrated around Gov
ernor Hodges' concept of a re
search t r i ang! e. Greensboro,
Winston-Salem, and High Point
are finding thatN they must co
operate on problems such as air
transportation. On water re
sources, these three cities, along
with Burlington. Thomasville,
and Lexington, are finding it de
sirable to cooperate. Charlotte,
of course, at the anchor point of
the crescent, is the, largest met
ropolitan area in the state.
LEVEL OF TECHNOLOGY
.There are several signs that i ,
North Carolina's' ecjnomy jis ,cwn
ing of age Far; example, :the de-
! '-Cline' oi the prprpifrtiionj pf j ptai
iplti i f ngAgeid h Ml 1 1 farming ; ! froni;
34! percent j jit 1 &40 t.p ;24 percent
in ; 1950 , may: bei ;expected itoi con.--:
j fjim'f throuittjjlmj I Tcreising
; r&iance upon! jieicbrioi pgy jis!' infl
ttieated in the -increase frpni'29
percent to 34 percent otthe'labfj
f orce in North 'Carolina j ijgaeijf. '
iii'j jnanuf acturirig; ; plirii j the
past decade, for the first 'time
we have.come to have more
workers" engaged in manufactur
ing than in farming. And these
people, in manufacturing are ex
pected to increase by 150,000 to
to 200,000 during the next 15
During a 7 year period follow
ing World War II, 19 counties
in the state increased in the
number of people in manufactur
ing by more than one-half, yet
North Carolina has not been
keeping pace with other south
ern states in this industrializa
tion. Although factories have been
located out over the state in in
creasing numbers with consider
able decentralization, we still
have a concentration of half of
our non-agricultural workers in
10 counties of the state. All but
one of these industrialized coun
ties is in the urban crescent pre
viously mentioned. v
I - !
Congress has been asked by President Eisen
hower for the authority to commit the United States
to a new program designed to fill the power vacuum
in the Middle East and to counter Soviet Communism
lie has asked for permission to commit the
United States into an arena that has been ridden
with strife since the dawn of civilization. What is
he getting the U. S. into?
This proposal, called the "Eisenhower Dm
trine.V is in three "arts.
1. To serve notice to the world that the Unitt-d
States will defend any area (particularly the Near
East) that is atacked by Communist aggressive
2. To step up the economic aid to those coun
tries in the Near East that so desire it. Ike estimated
that it would cost approximately $400 million dollars
in the next two fiscal years.
3. In addition to the military assistance in psrt
one, came the doctrine of using American troops
to help obtain peace in the world.
The terms that might more aptly label the Ike
Doctrine are either the "Big Stick: Policy" (do you
remember: Speak softly but carry a big stick) or to
day's equivalent to the "Monroe Doctrine" (remem
ber the warning to European nations, "Hands Off").
"; Let uj look deeper into what position the Uni
ted States really finds itself.
The U. . has pledged to resist immediately any
armed aggression in Western Europe under the N
ATO agreetment. Under this, we have commitments
with Turkey, Portugal, Norway, Netherlands, Lux
emburg, Italy, Greece, Germany (West), Denmark,
Canada, Belgium, France. Iceland, and the United
We have equally pledged ourselves to the sujv
port of the SEATO nations. They include Australia,
France, New Zealand, Pakistan, Phillipine.v, Thai
land, and the United Kingdom.
The main idea behind the "Big Stick Policy''
seems to be the plugging of the gap in America'
global system of defense. The one remaining gap
at the present time is in the Middle East. The coun
tries involved are Israel, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, .Syria,
Lebanon, arid Saudi .Arabia.' In : addition, there are
n Sudan land other small shiekdoms around; the Ara
ibian Penninstila, but these are of small importance.
. ' ;
i ;; ;Ji!i In i addition to NATO and SEATO, we have Anie
: : - rican; arms- and military j'rtati'ucfirs lVlran, 'and' an
ii i :aii" Dasd;iaf Saudi Arabia. We also have1, in addition
(To Be Continued)
By A! Capp
WE'LL HAVE A WOMDERFUL.
lLAABLAfF'" WC'I I TBiMCI Alt'
OVER TH' CIVILIZED WORLD.? i DOGFATCH.
FROM NATCHEZ TO MOBILE,
FROM MEMPHIS TO
WHV SHOULD Y AN'-cHuCKie.?T U"AH I
MnH CjAL HAVt 1 CJ LIKES
K YORE, PITCHER EXCITEMENT", IT v
( TATTOOED yS , MvT QUIET
- J jU '"II:J J T,.f JLI K I I1 ' . K J . . J K i ,
" -at,ry y AM -J 1 EVERtdODt LL H MAWG ' AH V
PHUTHfcK I I RbCuQN IXL ykAi I DRUTHER I
SAINT cJOE.v . V V I ; , ;. 77r i
Pogo ,. . - By Walt Kelly
- - - -- - j ' i
Ho . bilateral "treaties with. Nationalist China, the lie-.
I public of -'Korea, and, Formosa, the friendship and
support of Iran and Iraq.
. . i -1 1 - .
" This : 'Teives unattenf'vd five countries. Egypt
and Syria have 'demonstrated strong opposition to
the Ike Doctrin and refuse; to accept it. 'This leaved
only Israel, Jordan, and Lebanon. 1 '
These three countries, which are adjoining each
other, are surrounded by Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia.
and Egypt. The only path between the USSR and the
middle East is through Iran, Turkey, and Pakistan.
Since we have a treaty with Turkey and Pakis
tan as shown above, this leaves only Iran. If tlie
commitments of the US were solidified with Iran
in the form of a mutual defense pact, there would
be no possible way thtt the Communists could in
vade the Near East.
So, therefore, what does all this- mean? What
is the real reason for this policy? Is it because this
area contains two thirds of the world's total oil re
serves? This certainly has something to do with it
Or is Mr. Eisenhower completely naive to think
that Russia wiil actually send troops to invade a
territory .that wants to remain neutral (except Is
rael). This is the whole point these nations have
indicated that they don't want to be pushed into de
ciding which side of the fence they are going to"
jump to. This policy of Eisenhowers' is forcing the
Actually, what should happen is for the United
States to i-ign the Baghdad Pact. This is a mu
tual protection agreement between Britain, Turkey,
Iran, Pakistan and Iraq. If the U. S. did this then
there would be a complete block of allied nations
running from Norway right around to Indo China,
without a gap any place. This would stop U.S.S.R.
from invading any other countries than they already
have. And would fulfil what the President desires.
The new plan will serve notice to Russia that
force will be met with force in the Middle East, it
will stimulate the will to resist Red subversion 'bv
assuring peoples that Red invasion isn't likely, and
it will bolster the will to resist with economic aid.
But it will not solve the problem of opening
the Suez Canal and it will not solve the Arab-Isra"-eli
dispute. It will not put a stopper on Red infil
tration anywhere in the Middle East, in fact, it
probably will encourage it more than anything It
will not eliminate the possibility of non-Communist
Arab countries from going to war over Jordan and
possibly dragging other nations in.
Instead of a new policy, what the United States
should do i.- to back up all the old policies, treaties
and agreements that it has created in the past 100
years. This would inform the people of the world
that we have finally grown up and are willin- at
last to follow through on a precious commitment.
YOU Said It:
You're in Graham Memorial. Why don't you
run out and mop the Sun Dail when it gets muddy
if that's what you want done?
Franca Mc Knight