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U ,H C LIBRARY
CHAPEL HILL, N. C.
" r - At r ' ; ' ;'
- ra '
It was a busy week for just about
everybody. See page 2.
"Partly, cloudy and' moderately
cold. Expected high 44.
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, SUNDAY, JANUARY 13, 195
Offices in Graham Memorial
FOUR PACES THIS ISSUfc
' VOL, LVH NO. 82
Complete (A1 Wire Service
! WORLD MEET OPENS FRIDAY:
I y f I II If
,nn n n n- n
nil JOS HOT
Dulles Warns Against
" WASHINGTON -JP A warning by Secretary of State Dulles
that Soviet Communism is likely to gain' bloodless domination over
western Europe unless the United States rushes aid to the Middle
East yesterday sharpened the big debate over foreign policy.
Dulles, in testimony made public yesterday, said that unless he
U. S. act.- fast with help for the strategic Mideast "it is our definite
belief that this area is very likely to be lost."
' "And if it is lost," Dulles said, "it will be the greatest victory"
that the Soviet Communists could ever have gained because if they
feet this area they in effect will have gotten Western Europe without
Dulles painted this grave picture of the situation in a closed ses
sion of the Hf,u, Foreign Affairs Committee last Tuesday. The com
mittee made pubjic his testimony tonight after making security dfel
tions. He was testifying for President Eisenhower's plan for eco
nomic aid to Middle East Nations and for authority to fight if neces
sary to counter any overt Communist aggression in the area.
Soviet Tanks Patrol Budapest
BUDAPEST .& Soviet tanks and armored cars palroled the
Budapest area yejterday in a show of force befitting Premier Janos
Kadar's aim to curb renewed unrest among workers and students.
The Russian armored units were out for everyone to see.
Eight tanks and six armored cars parked near the postoffice on
Csepel Island, the iron and steel center in the Danube where at least
two workers were killed and five wounded Friday in a clash between
Hungarian CommunLt militiamen and demonstrating workers.
- An undisclosed number of Csepel workers continued their de
fiance. Radio Budapest announced men in the tool machinery shop
'"did not resume work today" and the work force of a sewing machine
shop mostly stood around and talked.
The Csepele workers council resigned in protest against dis
missal of many workers and unfulfillment of wage demands.
. Bevan Hits Macmillan Appointment
; LONDON -UP Aneurin Bevan, leader of the Labor Party, Left
Wirigsaid yesterday 'appointment of Harold Macmillan as . Prime. Min-
ister! 'amounts - to little more than'
Britain's Conservative Parly. ; ;( -?.
' - " .!!; - : . ; . -
r - 1 Breaking, 4 ; four-day ; silence on . Sir Anthony , Eden's resignation
si-' Prime Minister, Be van said it is unlikely that Macmiilan will bring
many- new faces into the government. . .... . . . ;: - -
' """"We arc, therefore," faced with a new government composed, in
the main,: of the same old faces' and the same guilt.," the 00-year-old
no. 2 man in Britain's Labor Party said in an article written for the
Weekly News of the World. t '..
Bvan repeated his party's 'call for new national elections: He
also added his voice to previous labor' charges that Queen Elizabeth, in
picking a new Prime Minister, also' was required to designate the
leader of the -Conservative Party.'1 ; - - i'
. Because the Conservative Party ItLelf had provided no clear cut
choice, he said, some quarters will now contend that whenever the
Labor Party attacks Macmillan it also attacks the wisdom of the
"Mr. Macmillan can rescue us all from this dilemma," Bevan add
ed. "He can advise an early general election. Whatever would be
the outcome of it, the decision would be the people's where it must
always be in a parliamentary democracy."
Drivers Assign . Bus Seats
tegan assigning riders to seats as
taeK 10 normal alter an Jlday shutdown caused by racial violence
- There were few riders and no incidents in th fi
' - - - J . It j vviir
mission to reduce friction and preserve peace.
, As passengers boarded buses, drivers pointed to seats which they
were to occupy a requirement of the new operating rules.
The old segregated seating requirement set forth in the bus
franchise agreement waj tossed out by the commission last week as
having "doubtful validity" and the new ordinance makes no reference
to race. s
In determining where passengers are to sit, the drivers are sup
posed to take into account such factory as weight distribution and
the need for preventing violence.
" a new scat .asoiumiiii uian orueren inrn ittArr rv trio itv nnm
By GLENN KEEVER
Members of the UNC English
Dept. took a busman's holiday ov
er Christmas vacation.
They met with colleges from
across the nation to exchange new
ideas in their field.
The following activities are
scheduled for Graham Memorial
Graham Memorial Activities
Board, 4-6 p.m., Grail Room;
Grail, 9-11 p.m., Grail Room; Stu
dent Party Caucus, 7:33-9:30
p.m., Roland Parker 1 and Ro
land Parker 2; Air Force ROTC,
7-10:30 p.m., Roland Parker 3;
Elections Board, 4-5 p.m., Wood
house Conference Room; U.N.C.
Dance Comm., 7-9 p.m.. Wood
he use Conference Room; Traffic
Comm., 9-11 p.m., Wo'odhouse
Conference Room; Bridge Club,
, 7-1 1 p.m. A.P.O. Room.
a game of "musical chairs" by
Tallahassee buo- drivers yesterda
the city's transit system moved1!
v "-""r" . -wr
Playing an important role in
the Modern Language Assn. of
American meeting in Washington
Dec. 27-29 was Professor C. Hugh
Holman. Holman read a paper en-
titled "Christian Allegroy in
Faulkner's 'Light in August " be
fore the American Li tefau Litera
ture Group, one of the more im
portant segments of the Assn.
He also served as a member of
a discussion panel ' representing a
conference on "Problems in the
Study of Southern Literature."
The panel, composed of four
members, used agrarianism as its
theme in the discussion.
Holman was elected chairman of
this conference for the next an
nual meeting, which will be held
in Madison, Wis. next September.
Thirteen other members of the
Dept. also attended the meeting.
Prof. R. P. Bond was chairman of
a conference on "A Subject Matter.
Index to 18th Century British Per
iodicals." Prof. C. P. Lyons , was a mem-
Soprano Martha Fouse of Chap
el Hill is featured soloist in to
night's production by Les Petites
Musicales held in Graham Mem
orial's main lounge at 8.
Sponsored by Graham Memorial
Activities Board, the program
will present works by seven com
posers. Mrs. Fouse is a pupil of Walter
Oolde and works on the office staff
of the UNC School of Social Work.
Her previous musical appearances
include roles in the Music Dept.'s
production of "Marriage of Figa
ro" and Les Fetites Musicales. Al
so during her musical career, MrsJ
Fouse has sung with The Playmak
ers, featured as Magnolia in
Showboat" and as the bride in
be Walter Golde.
the soloist will
Selections from tonight's pro
gram include "Vieni, Vieni O Mio
DilettJ" by Antonio Vivaldi, "Fra
uen Liebe and Leben" by Robert
Shumann, Claude Debussy's "Beau
Soir," "Envoy" by Paul Hindemith,
Gardner Read's "At Bedtime," and
"Miranda" by Richard Hageman,"
The soloist will also slag "Poem
for a Time of Change," based onan
Archibald Macleish poem and set
to muMe by Robert 'Gould.
Les Petites,, MUsicale ate pre
sented without charge for all. stu
dents and, other interested persons.
Coeds Learn Resultsr iOf cTefs
Given During Orientation Week
By EDITH MACKINNON
"Would you rather be: (1) A
ranch hand? (2) An author? (3) A
dishwasher salesman?" This is the
type of question posed to new
coeds when they entered in Sept.
in a series of tests given by the
Dean of Women' Office.
Coeds who underwent a maze of
f such psychological and interest
m k(.3l J Ct V V 11V VVllUlg V A X- V
year are now Deginning to see me
Miss Martha Decker and Mrs.
Richard Neill of the staff of the
Dean of Women's Office are in
the process of holding personal
interviews with each new coed on
campus to explain the individual
teats scores. Interviews are con
ducted by alphabetical listing, and
work has now progressed through
ber of the executive council of
the Assn. a capacity he has Served
in for the last four 'years.
Prof. R. A. Pratt was an Officer
in the Chaucer section of the
Assn. and Prof. Peter G. Phialas
was secretary of the conference on
"Opportunities for Research . in
the Field of Renaissance Drama."
Other members iWho attended
were: Professors Dougald MacMil
lan, A. P. Hudson, A. C. Howell,
R. B. Sharp, N. E, Eiiason and
E. W. Talbert; Associate Professor
G. F. Horner; and Assistant Pro
fessors Robert B. Voltle and
George M. Harper.
The Modern Language Assn. of
America is 'an Assn. of people who
are teaching or are actively en
gaged in the study of modern
languages in American colleges
and universities. English is the
largest single section of the as
sociation, but various, other con
ferences are held on a wide va
riety of modern language studies
during the conference.
By FRANK4 CROWtHER
, .The first Wold Conference on Gravitation opens on the 18th of
January, and persons in Chapel Hill can look with pride and possi
bly with confusion at the assemblage of world renowned scientists
who will gather here to theorize on the rolfr.of gravity in physics. j
, What is gravitation, though, and gravity, and how are they inter-1
related? Is there any difference between gravitation and gravity?
What good are the (theories? '
These are a few of the questions which may be propounded by
All of the bodies in the universe, from heavenly bodies to the
smallest particle of matter; have a mutual attraction for each toher,
and, if free to move, will move toward one another. This is the gravi
tational theory. Because it involves all kinds of bodies, it is often re
ferred to as universal gravitation. .
. The force of attraction i in direct proportion to the product of
the masses of bodies under consideration and varies inversely as the
square of the distancebetween them. . :
Gravitation is always working, and in no way can it be destroyed.
In formula, a gravitational constant is the force a body weighing
one gram exerts on a body of the same proportion at a distance of
one centimeter. " V
Sir Isaac .Newton, English physicist and , philosopher, is given
credit for discovering gravitation; he was greatly affected by Johannes
Kepler's work and the experiments of Henry jCavendish" helped estab
lish universal application. , Vs I
Many times, gravitation is thoroughly confused with gravity. Al
though the latter is used almost synonymously with gravitation, there
is a detinue Distinction.
Gravitation is the attractive force acting to draw bodies together;
gravity indicates that' specific force of gravitation operating between
the earth and other bodies which are drawn to the earth. This latter
force, which focuses on a central point within this body or any body
and which is referred to as the center of gravity, is the causation of
this body's weight. ...
Gravity s force varies in different locales, but the generally ac
cepted velocity of a falling body,
as a standard for normal calculations is 32 ft. (or 980cm) per second
at" sea level. This means a freely falling body, e.g. in a vacuum,
falls at the rate of 32 f e. per irecond at the end of the first second,
64 ft. per second at the end qf the second second, etc. Galilee's e"
periments with iron balls is 'a classic example of this theory.
Physics is the science which
the relationships between them'
weight and occupies space. ii,
So gravitational physics is the
related in the universe and,; especially In atomic theory where matter
is, Irt "accordance with the kinetic 'nieculalfVtheory and the nature
and internal structure of the. molecules themselves, !deals with matter
in the inore general way, with I material bodies and -the - forces acting
upon and between them, .considering their' motion and measuring their
those names beginning with "M".
The two main tests which were
given in Sept. were the Ohio .Stale
University Psychological Examina
tion (OSU) and the Kuder fTest.
The latter test is particularly valu
able in revealing vocational areas
in which the girl has definite in
terests. Results of the testing program,
plus other information gained, dur
ing the coed's interview, are plac
ed on a personal file in the Dean
of Women's Office. An active file
is . kept in-that office during the
girl's stay at the University. Pol
lowing graduation of the student,
the file is placed on a graduate
file record for two years and is
finally transferred to the Central
Records Office, where it is kept
All information- gained in the in
terviews, and ail personal records
are maintained on a confidential
basis and are not revealed outside
the Dean of Women's Office.
These records have been found
found to be very useful in aiding
the student after graduation; Pro
spective, employers may obtain cer
tain information from the records
by writing to the Dean of Women's
Nobody's Headed Yet
For Moon But Maybe
WASHINGTON (AP) It isn't
that somebody's . going to the
moon tomorrow, but Rep. Karsten
(D.-Mo.) wants Congress to be
So, he has introduced a bill to
create a joint congressional com
mittee on extraterre'stial explora
tion. "And, I grant you there'll be
very little junketeering on' that
committee," Karsten said, sitting
in his earthboind office here.
He said he had the idea before
President Eisenhower mentioned
agreements to control "outer space
missile and satellite development"
in his state of the union message
last Thursday. The president Was
talking about international control
as a disarmament measure. ,
i.e. the acceleration of gravity, used
deals with matter and energy and
matter being anything which has
study f ine energies of matter as
Office. In addition to providing
help in job securing, the records
are often valuable to girls who go
on to enter graduate or profession
Dean of Women Katherine Car
michael considers the interviews
"an integral part of the work of
this office." Two such interviews
are held with each girl during her
work at the University, one in the
junior year and a departure con
ference held in the senior year.
"It is a very good opportunity
for the girls to tell the University
what they do and do not like about
its program," stated Dean Car
michael. UNC Profs
A book" written by a UNC pro
fessor of English has been select
ed as one of the "best 1956 South
ern books of the year."
"The Kenan Professorships" by
Dr. A. C. Howell was announced
as among the 25 winners chosen
by the Southern Books Committee
f of the Southeastern Library Assn.
IThe jury consisted of a number
of prominent bookmen from out
side the Southern region.
Published by the University
Press, Dr. Howell's book contains
illustrations by William Meade
Prince and Adrian Lamb.
Selection is based on "excellence
of design and format," with con
tent being considered "only inso
far as the design reflects the sub
ject. During 1957, several sets of
winning hooks will be sent out as
a travelling , exhibit to Southern
college, university and public li
braries. Oian V. Cook of the UNC Libr
ary, is a member of the Southern
WUNC-TV is moving ahead on
the observance .'of . its second an
niversary. "Quite a few programs now on
will be moved' and new courses
will be added,' said a station
WUNC-TV Channel 4 is primar
ily an educational station. Since
its opening January 8, 1955, the
station has broadcast college cred
it courses, the special session of
the Legislature, and a number of
other remote telecasts.
Director Earl Wynn and assist
ant director John Young of the
Chapel Hill Station plan the pro
grams with ' William Young,
Greensboro director, and Roy
Johnston, Raleigh director. The
chief v engineer of WUNC-TV is
WUNC-TV has the only active
remote unit in this area. Through
this unit it has made available a
number of special public interest
programs which have, been carried
on a statewide basis.
A complete new schedule is
planned for the new semester be
ginning Feb. 3. This includes a
new German course and Legisla
tive reports beginning in Febru
ary, according to a WUNC-TV
"Quite a -few programs now on
will vbe moved and new courses
will be added," said the station
' One of the " newest highlights
concerning "the educational pro
gram IS the station's plan to re
lay' NBC educational programs to
North 'Carolina audiences!' These
programs will begin in March
and are offered exclusively to ed
"The strangest fact about the
writing of novels is that only a
few people in any generation
have the innate creative power
that can produce great fiction, and
that these rare people are totally '
unlike one another."
This is a statement made by
Lionel B. Stevenson, James B.
Duke Professor of English at Duke
University, when he addressed the
UNC English Club here Friday
Novelists are "usually not aware
that they possess the gift," Steven
son stated." "They start in other
professions, or in writing other
kinds of literature, and discaver
their genius for fiction more or
less by accident. The people who
begin their careers confidently
planning to be novelists seldom
achieve the highest quality of their
work," he said.
Stevenson cited as one of the
best examples of this William
Makepeace Thackeray, who was the
topic of Stevenson's talk entitled,
"Thackeray: the Reluctant Novel
ist." Reviewing Thackeray's career,
Stevenson stated that the author's
first ambition was to be an artist.
Before he produced, "Vanity
Fair," his first novel, he had work
ed as a newspaperman and writer
of books of travel, criticism, and
Stevenson stated that many of
the extinctive qualities of his
novels arise from this diversity of
No other type of literature has
ever given the impression of cov
ering the whole range of human
experience as fully as the novels
of Thackeray's time, just a cen
tury ago. Modern novelists have
tried to give better artistic unity
to their work but have thus lost
the scope that was brought into
each book by Thackeray, the Duke
professor said.- - ' ,
ucational stations throughout the
nation by NBC.
Remote telecasts include sym
phonic concerts from Greensboro,
the semi-monthly "Project Health"
series from the Division of Health
Affairs of UNC, and the weekly
church service from Raleigh.
The church service and the
daily "Today on the Farm" are
rebroadcast by other stations in
College credit courses enroll
ment has increased with each
course offered on the station. The
past curriculum also has included
in-school programs since the fall
Dr. David G. Monroe of the
UNC Political Science Depart
ment taught the first college cred
Since WUNC-TV has been on
the air, programming has evolved
to the present balance between
formal education, general interest
programs, and cultural entertain
ment. Draftee Isi Homesick
For Punchy Kangaroo
i FT, CARSON, , Colo. ( AP)
Know what Pvt. , Louis Casazza
says he misses most, now that
he's in the Army? , ,
Boxing with a Kangaroo.
r That ,wathiiavorite,rpi;ttinTe,.
as well , as ; a. means. - of. .raising
ready cash,..pntl t the draft got him
' Casazza and ; Sidney, ..hq ; hangar
too, " began, trading ,, ..punches ,;4?H
January, , ,19oo, , w.hn .Casazzji . .was
a student at San Francisco Uni-
Vrsity. - , ,. .
They even appeared in movies
and on television. Now Casazza is
a buck . private here and Sidney
is in a zoo at San Francisco, the
last he heard.
Newspaper Institute Will
Bring Well-Known Speakers
The ..52nd annual North Caro
lina Newspaper Institute at Chap-,
el Hill and Duke. University Jan,
24, 25, and 26 will feature nationsj-ly-promin;nt
speakers, and Governor r Luther
Hodges will present press awards,
it was announced yesterday .by
Publisher Thomas L. Robinson of
the Charlotte News who is presi
dent of the N. C. Press Associa
tion. Monts?om3ry Curtis, associate di
rector 01 the American Press In
stitute in New York, is the main
speaker at the morning session in
Chapel Hill, Friday morning, Jan.
Paul Miller will sp'i'ii Friday
evening at Duke University.
The annual press awards for
dailies and non-dailies will be
(See NEWSPAPER, page 3)
Father Of Prospective Coed
Checks Up On Carolina Life
By PATSY MILLER
"Are you a coed at Carolina?"
After all the controversy be
tween coeds and UNC males this
year, a man stopped a coed on
the street and asked her that ques
tion. Smilingly she answered "yes."
"How do you like it here I
suppose there are enough men!"
The man's daughter wants to
transfer here next year from a
girl's school. Like all fathers, he
wanted a girl's opinion of the so
"She has a wonderful back
ground. I wouldn't worry about
her grades at all."
"Would she need a car? I no
ticed all these cars and thought
they must belong to students."
The nominating commitlee for
UNC chancellor Saturday spent
practically "most of . the day"
conducting interviews of candi
dates for the position.
The committee's chairman. It.
Mayne Albright of Raleigh, gent
ly sidestepped questions of who
He confirmed reports, however,
that among those considered thus
far were Dr. J. L. Godfrey, history
professor and Dr. Wiliam II. Po
tsat, associate professor of Phi
losophy. Godfrey met with the
committer a few weeks ago; Po
teat was interviewed Saturday.
He hinted these two were not
necesarily higher rated than were
others. "The committee has made
no rankings yet," he said.'
Present UNC Chancellor Robert
B. House will retire in June.
The committee divided into
three groups, (trustees( alumni
and UNC faculty members) has
reported it hopes to- have a report
on its work to turn over to Con
solidated University President
William C. Friday around the first
Friday would then make his
recommendation to the Board oi
( , '-
Akka Removed Soon
SUEZ,5 Egypt, '.' Lt. Gen.
Raymond A. Wheeler said yes
terday the Egyptian LST Akka
Biggest obstruction blocking the
Su'e Caijal wil be removed in
itbr.ee more weeks. Previpois esti
mates said it would ;take one to
three months- to complete. -salvage
,( workmen , .the Akka,-, which went-
.. clown; loaded with cement. . ;
Wheerler, the retired. U.S. Army
Gener.al(who is supervising clear-
ing operations for the United
Nations, arrived by plane from
Port Said to inspect clearance
work at the southern end of the
. . . Institute Speaker
Then he asked about Duke coeds.
After a discussion clearly favor
ing the UNC coed, Jie said that
he always thought Carolina was a
And the men. "Well, if there
are 7,000 of them, I guess you
girls can manage two or three at
So Carolina will be blessed with
one more perfect female next year.
IN THE INFIRMARY
Those in the Infirmary yes
terday included Misses Patricia
Gregory and Marjorie Jean
London; and Robert Lewis, Shel
ton Turner, Leonard Knox, Jam
es Pierce, John Wallace nd