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TH1 DAILY TAR HEEL
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1953
I lie ..ocd !r .1 new student union was ncv
r I t i ft illiMiaud c 1 1 .i i i thniii' liiis oi irri
I n uilit (ii.ih.iin Munoiial was Hooded
with people- looking lot healthy uacition.
I ii ni.lit iiionI ucic unable to oltain such
for lack ol l.icililicv every nilii. also, there
wctc iimeuMi.; hrshiuen on the stteets who
had p.n taken ol too much ot the malt hiew
sold in Chajul Hill .ind who weie making
tliermclv c eueially ohuuxiom to the pass-eiN-lv
I lice piople will not tome hack to (iia
h.on Mimoiial during the year, for tliey lei t
iiiix t i u d. I hey will I ind pursuits else
whcic. Mans will tutu to the unwholt some
heloit tin v n tuin eer to the wholesome, lor
ihr opjMH t unit it ior the wholesome are little.
iiMiin, ihe iciulcvou.s room, or am other at ti-
No amount ol adeitisin; lor the pK)l
vit nill tlo an ood. lor these ate already
I vciv Near theie i a nicit deal ol outcry
liom the slate alxmt wild Irateruity parties,
ahout pant i.tiils. ahout drinkiirj;. and about
other activities that would tend to seed a had
liht on the I'niveisits. and every year the
leislatuie appiopriates money to many
causes without l ememhet in;4; the need tor a
health outlet lor the excess energies ol the
Helot e these leUlatoi s howl about the
sjudent tonihut. ahout Iraternities, ahout
doimitoiies. and ahout carousing, they had
better take action to provide an opportunity
tor healths ie teation.
. new student union is a necessit. but
wlien will the powers that be realic this tact.
Tiictt is both a plus and a minus side to
this eat s oiientation pel iod,
' I Jit- plus side was supplied by t hail man
llriiii.it; (.odniu whose leadership was in
eit'e:ne c c in where. Not onlv was his hard
woik olnious. but his ability to spur otheis
on to siuh hatd woik was ctpialh observable.
Katie Slewait did a capable job of handl
ing tiie Women's Oiientation. Don Furtado
mule a line speech, and the new oiientation
pn2ianis lor j;r.iduate students and lorei.nn
students within the same budget added some
thill ueessar to the orientation program.
However, wh it (iodwin was working with
was an an haw sstem. He was working with
a seven da oiientation peiiod that was cer
tain totlxisr cwn the most eaer fieshman to
disn.utioii wirJf (he upeated reiteration of
stmleiit p it i rp.il Ton. student ac tivities, stu-.
dent oxeinment. student honor system, stu
dent campus code, student studs, student life,
student sck i al activities, and all tfie other
tilings that a student is told timing the seven
d is oi ientation period.
I lie oi ient.'tion period must' be shot tened.
It must be- Idled less, not mote activities. It
should be a svimpsis of student lite without
the l.iul ue that at t om panics the present svs
te:n. It is not necessats to include piic on ai -ioiis
phases ot student lite, but rather it
should be aimed at get titr.; students inter
ested in asking about the various phases of
tampus lile. An answer to a question many
times will siillice or be siiKiior to a Ions
The put post- ol oiientation should be to
cicate inteiest and thought. It should not
deaden the thinking pi fx ess and impede pan
It is hoped that a shotter. and more con
cise piogr.m tan be found for next year's
in ientation m that next scar's chairman can
do as tapahle a job as Herman Godwin did
with a better program to work with.
tit: i3mlp tjnr Qecl
The official student publication of the Publication
Hoard of the University of North Carolina, where it
is published daily X
except Sunday. Mon
day and examination
periods and summer
t'-rms. Knlered as
.second clus mat
ter in the post office
in Chapel 11:11. N C . '
under the Act of
March 8. 1070. Sub
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per j ear.
Mjnain Editors .
Asst. Adv. Manager
Sports Editor , .
Associate Editor .
t i :
, 1 fU-4 ".
It 'ft '
Out Of Joint
Accor'ding to the calendar we are now in that difficult and awk
ward time of year when the baseball and football seasons overlap.
But I hope no one will accuse me of excessive sentimentality when
I mention a third season that is on right now The Crying Season.'
This is the way it works.
You sit in Graham Memorial watching the news on television. A
reporter, is talking with some clean and decent colored kids. These
kids tell the reporter (and you) that' by
Cod. they, want .an education and they're
going to get it. Then the kids say o
long to. the reporter and begin the long
walk into a formerly white school. The TV
camera follows and you see the kids get
struck with rocks, you hear the vicious
name-calling from grown men and women
who are crazed with hate, and a younger
white hoodlum breaks through the police
lines to spit upon the face of a colored
The colored kids walk through this
verbal and physical barrage with absolute
- equanimity. How in God's name do they
do it? Where on earth they get this' kind of courage,-this massive
dignity, this unbelievable poise? You watch all this on TV and you
feel so helpless, so sick,' so guilty : . . so proud. And you cry.
With variations of one sort or another, the above scene has been
played out in dozens of American localities each September since
1935. It has been well said that the continuing dispute over segrega
tion is "our, Algeria," that is. this dispute drains, the national sub
stance and reputation in the same way that the continuing war in
Algeria drains Franch substance and reputation.' - ' '
The analogy with Algeria is a good one in another respect too.
If there is a solution to the Algerian problem it lies in a fundamental
reconstruction of FTcnch society. This of course is exactly what De
Gaulle is now attempting. And there are American observers who
say that our segregation question wrll-finally 'yield only! to a re
constructed American society. ' '
Ik is clearly in the national interest that segregtaion and discrim
ination be eliminated. We cannot hope to maintain our position in a
largely colored world, carrying this sort of childish barbarism around
our neck like a noose. And yet the national interest can be so easily
frustrated by bush league demogogues, of whom Faubus is only the
latest and most conspicuous" example. If the national will can be
blocked by a Faubus,' you can bet-every dollar your Father's got that
the glory of America will soon be extinguished, preserved only in
textbooks alongside of pictures of the Parthenon and the Acropolis.
And yet what confuses tr.e equation is the weakling President,
that "captive hero," Dwight I). Eisenhower. Suppose the White
House were occupied by a ruthless politician of the Truman-Nixon
stripe. What then would be Faubus's fate?
xniiijv wc oiiuiuu au xiiey vaicn up:
- . charmeTloax.
ANN FRYE, HITXKiNCAlf
Subcription Manager .
'"irculation Manager ...
... JOAN BROCK
The Cost Of Education:
J. R. Cominsky
We are approaching a showdown in the situation
There are several military installations in Arkansas. It is easy to
imagine a Truman or a Nixon closing these installations as "an econ
omy measure." While Arkansas does not have much industry, what
industry it does have leans heavily on government orders. Again, it
is easy to imagine a Truman or a Nixon "passing the word" to Pent
agon procurement oficers that henceforth Arkansas industry will be
denied its slice from Uncle Sam's delicious pie. And then there are
the various Federal-State matching fund programs, covering every
thing from highways to unemployment compensation to school
lunches. Do you think a Truman Or a Nixon would be tough enough
to arbitrarily lock up Arkansas's share of these federal moneys? I
think they could, and would, be just that tough Faubus delights in of the American private college and university
litigation. Lei mm ungate lor ro years to get lira million dollars in Endowments in most cases wdl not be enough,
federal funds. Support from foundations and corporations will not
Supreme Court decisions arc not self-enforcing. Massive defiance be enough. Federal aid will not be enough if, in-
of the Court can be conquered only by making it more painful not deed, there Will be any Federal aid at all. Present
to obey than to obey. And as we have just demonstrated, the federal tuitlon fees wilt not be enough.
. , . . . Thus, at precisely the time when more students
government cand crush any of the "sovereign states' simply by cut- i j - u a tu . ,
. demand higher education than ever before, the pri-
ting off the federal moneys. The government of the state of Arkan- vate colleges and ' universities are confronted with
sas has about as much "sovereignity"' as the Inter-Dormitory Coun- the gravest problems in their history,
cil. And there are politicians in the North of both parties who arc One obvious line of attack lor the non-tax-sup-positively
itching to show the South just where the power lies. ported school would be to raise tuition costs. Yet
- it is equally obvious that high tuition costs should
Southerners forget that the region's unparalleled rise to a rough not h,ve the effect of reducing college enrollment
sort of economic equality has been based largely on huge federal pro- and depriving large numbers of qualified students
grams like the TVA and the presence oi countless federal military in- of a higher education. In any event, the chairman
stallations. What Santa Claus has given, Santa Claus can take away of iht President's Committee on Education Beyond
But this in turn is a painful way to end "The Crying Season." IIigh Scho01' Devereux c- Josephs, has advocated
. . , , - , that the student pay a greater share of the cost of
The basic question, therefore, is how to increase
tuition without decreasing the educational potential.
A new approach is necessary. Such an approach ac
cepts the need for higher tuition fees to meet the
cost, of education, but it seeks to do this on a long-
term basis, with the undergraduate himself partici-
that form which stated most clear- Pating in the plan. .
ly all ideas and emotions which alr way of background for this suggestion, let us
The Need For Payment
In the August issue of Hi-Fi
magazine, there are articles by
Dimitri MiLropoulos, a conductor
of the New York Philharmonic
and the Metropolitan Opera House
Orchestra, and Henry Pleasants
jazz critic. Mitropoulos stated that
in his opinion jazz was nice and
compatible and he enjoyed it.
Henry ' Pleasants asserted that
Jazz is THE word and. went into
detail about the mysterious "beat"
of Jazz as contrasted with that of
classical. The editor's comments
Query for Hippsters ask .the pro
vocative question: With Jazz en
slavement to the beat, where can
it go from here? what is- 'its. fu
ture ai an art lorm. 1
In our opinion, jazz is not TIIE
music of today nor of the future.
It is an important (music ; of to
day, but not the only. Rock 'n roll
is THE music if popularity is the
criterion. And if expression is the
criterion .... tlren it depends on
what one wishes to express, what
needs to be expix;s.sed and how,
musically, is tlie best form of ex
pression. We believe that if there
were a "TIIE music" it would be
To The Frosh
P. W. Carlton
A few days ago the great exodus occurred all
over the country as .thousands cf young men and
women arose and left their homes to descend like
a heavy cloud upon America's universities. For a
large number, this was the "fledgling's flight," the
first time away from home. To these freshmen wc
shall devote our attention.
Undoubtedly, the American lad preparing to at
tend college for the first time is one of the most
pathetic, maligned creatures on the face of the
earth. He is harassed by his mother, coerced by his
father, heckled by his grandparents 2nd generally
terrorized by relatives in general. Now this is no
intentional attack on the boy's well-being; rather it
is the unfortunate circumstance derived from a well
meaning group of reminiscant mortals, hell-bent on
indoctrinating the lad with respect to the college
way of life. Let us dwell briefly on the tactics em
ployed by the chief perpertrators of this crime, Mom
Mom's attack is the most insidious, since she
doesn't confront you with her advice but sneaks it
at you under various advantageous circumstances.
First, since junior is completely incompetent in
such matters, she insists on preparing his wardrobe
personally 'and then proceeds to stock up on all sorts
of items vitally needed by young college men in
their first year. To wit: 5 sets of long underwear,
14 hand towels, silk bathrobe, long-handled back
scratcher, pink organdy curtains for the room and a
wealth of other necessities. (The fate of these valu
able articles is often obscure: the long underwear are
disseminated variously as flag pole displays, cos
tumes, etc.; the hand towels are used to polish jun
ior's Thunderbird and the bathrobe hangs in lonely
grandeur while he parades through the hall wearing
ahower clogs and a bar of soap.)
Mom also "harasses the troops" by giving little re
minders pertaining to living habits and behavior.
These wouldn'ts be so bad if they weren't constantly
repeated and interjected into the conversation at odd
points.) "Don't forget to wash your feet, don't play
poker on Sunday, don't sass your professors, leave
the girls alone, etc."
Dad is the real tyrant of the buach. He is the
unmitigated authority on all subjects pertaining to
college life and will speak on all topics, adding ex
periences of his own to elucidate the points in ques
tion. His morality lectures are unsurpassed for their
appropriateness. He lectures with great zeal on the
technique of avoiding the pitfalls of college days.
(He fell in all the pits himself, so he's an authority.)
"Now son, I want you to be thrifty and save your
money. Don't throw it away frivolously." (Dad was
known as "old Crazymoney" back in the old days.
He holds the distinction of having accrued $50 in li
"Son, I don't want you drinking and carousnig.
You must study and stay away from those fraterni-
ties." (Dad was a member of Tappa Keg frat and
a major stockholder in the ABC store).
"Be circumspect in your driving and always obey
the speed laws." (Dad wrecked his Stutz bearcat
in a road race from Chapel Hill to Durham. At an-
if corporate giving were the principal source of other time he three Parked cars while traveling
funds. Too many private factors, such as a drop in 60 MPH in a 35 MPH zone.)
earnings or changing stockholder attitudes or the "Always respect ladies and never break UNC
competitive situation of particular corporations, regulations." (Dad was known to the, girls as 'the
could indirectly affect public needs. octopus" and was noted for keeping them out all
An important step has been the establishment right.)
of the National Merit Scholarship Corooration, So oes the lecture. The sad part of it is that
which has offered to devote $8 million to matching, no matter how much Dad lectures, junior will go
dollar for dollar, gifts by business firms for college riSht ahead making the same mistakes Dad made,
scholarships and supplemental gifts to the institu- refusing to profit by his experience and counsel,
tions where the scholarships are used. This is an in- what a mad world 15 thls' that 5'0Un2 men and w
dependent agency, financed initially by gifts of $20 raen are to independent for too stubborn) to accept
. million from the Ford Foundation and $500,000 from counsel of any sort, no matter how wise. Sure, Dad
the Carnegie Corporation , Sot "kkered up" every weekend and played the
Scholarships, however,' are only a partial answer. fo1- but his grades certainly showed it, and He's
I return, therefore, to the place of the undergrad- regretted his foolishness ever since. He wants des
uate himself in matters of keeping our private col- Perately to help his son to do a creditable job, and
leges solvent and in finding a way to equate tuition in his Operation he becomes downright obnoxious
and actual instruction costs without depriving gifted sometimes. So junior shrugs it off thinking, "Boy.
students of the opportunity for higher education. is m? old man a smare," cha-cha's out to his T-bird
For some years I have been advocating that at and roars away t( schooL Mom's tearful goodbyes
least ten rnedium-sized colleges in the United States forgotten, he hastens to spend his time in riotous
should get together in order to devise a "study now, llvln- thus sellin those four Precious years of edu
pay later" plan. The entire plan would be based on ca.tlon for a roann ood time
the fact that the tuition could be increased to what- If he's rtunate hell -realize what's happening
ever extent necessary to meet the costs of the in- by le time he's a sophomore and straighten up in
struction. Those students who were not on scholar ,time to be a gentleman and a scholar. U not, who
ship and whose parents were unable to meet the ' . ,
fitin foo .tiv-bn tv,n nntinn nf navin Thls P"ure. though possibly exaggerated in de-
-!'V till V' UUV I
' . . Xv
need to be expressed now and review some facts.' For some years higher education for their education over a long period of years be-
tail (he may not have a car at all) is a living reali-
which reached almost evervone. has teen made available at bargain prices. -The stu- yond their graduation. Existing scholarships and .VTl 1 I"."" uV ..!T; "
There is no such one form and dent could buy for a $1,000 annual tuition fee a
there never will be. Each music course of instruction that necessitated an outlay of
form has its own worth and forth- at least lwice tnat sum. Result: an annual deficit
ermore, each must be evaluated that had to be made up in various waj's. Chief
within the limitations of its' wortli:' source" of meeting the deficit was income from en
One" cannot justify jazz by com- dwnients. Contributions from business and, more
paring rt to the classics but by recently, from the larger foundations were other
it nwti ,mrtt major def icit-reducing factors.
gin until several years alter graduation, riity dol
lars a month may make a dent in a man's income,
but people cheerfully make dents at least as large in
their income for automobiles, television sets, refrig
erators, trips around the world, etc., etc. A college
education is at. least as important. Moreover, a col
lege education' actually provides the increased in
come that more than pays for itself. Within five
years after, college the average graduate is making
almost 40 per . cent more money than the average
non-graduate. : '
Bear in mind, too, that the plan, if it is accepted
in its esentials, involves tax deductibility for tuition
opus Jazz, should Along with this, tuition feeschave been substant- installment payments.
iUUii vi uic oiuutiiia iiivuivcu in me yiau, ui.
major deficit-reducing factors.
Endowments, however, are carrying less and less
of tfc.e load. They no longer can guarantee the sol-
VpnPf of fHo r1fl Virwla onrl thov arp nnt anna in
vvize. The festivals are flourishing, . , , , A . '
. , , . . be jlentiful enough to create the necessary new
l-ecord sales are high and the new T , . , -t-
, , , . ones. In 1940 income for colleges and universities
stero tapes should create new in- , ' . . . . , .
. . from endowments was 26 per cent of total income;
;i,lM;uu." , 7 b' 1950 i was 14 Per cent, and it is still dropping.
The future of jazz looks bright
both artistically and popularity-
loan arrangements would be unchanged. In addition, " tl "'" uusuuwiru
this arrangement envisions a plea to the Federal man tls almost a capable of successfully meeting
and state governments to make postgraduation-pay- ietI as 1S4 a sardine of eatng a whale at a ""
ments deductible from income taxes. blte; From thesf statements it would then seem ad
Will a youngster handicap himself seriously by van.ageous to temper our ribald activities with a
assuming the large burden of debt involved in pay- f nerous hel intellectual endeavor. Let's
ing ultimately for his college education? $ave. fun in .f ;ege; a 1 m4ean- h let s J aca"
We think not. Installment payments need not be- feimc pursuits first and "party-party" second in our
wiuusms. in iius manner win we oe aoie io turn
out the wildest crowd of Phi Betes in the country
and uphold the standards of the Carolina gentleman
ings. Jazz is being employed more
as a background for movies, TV
shows and even commercials. Jazz
As a result,, there has been a tremendous step-,
up in fund-raising activity among the graduates of
all private colleges and universities. Alumni groups
and modern choreography are very are renorted to havp ivpn lheir institutions well
succesful together. (Robert Prince' over $106 million in 1956, compared to about $73
score for tne new jazz Daiiet. Mew million, in 1955
be a tremendous smash in New iany increased to a point where many middle-in-
York this fall.
com ; parents with two or more children of college
And artistically where does jazz a?e no longer can finance their continued educa;
go from here? Well as far as we're
concerned, man, it's GONE!!!
Chief I hotographer BUDDY SPOON
The Daily Tar Heel invites let
ters from readers both in the
realm of praise and in tlie realm
of criticism. The only stipulation
placed on letters is that they must
be signed by the author.
The editor will print all letters
unless tliere are so many on one
tion This increase is more than offset by the in
crease in operating costs and the need to build up
a reserve for maintenance and expansion.
! Among many proposals for making up the dif-
issue so that only a proportionate erence is that the business community give 1 per
number pro and con may be cen.( of business nrofits before taxes for higher edu
cation. Kasea on io4 profit iigures, tnis would pro
vide $350 million for our independent, privately en
dowed colleges ' and universities, allowing them to
increase salaries by $200 million and to provide for
" ' " modernization and maintenance of their plants with
All editorials in the left hand the remaining $150 million,
editorial, column are-written by l0Wever, a significant note cf warning appears
the editor unless initialed other- in lhe report of the President's committee, which
u.lse:. . !. say : "Educational budgets would-be very unstable
course, would not have to carry the full burden of
their tuition costs their parents were unable to
meet or was unobtainable by other means.
Under present methods of financing, a relatively
small percentage of graduates of colleges and uni
versities contribute to their support after gradua
tion in tlie endless cycle of fund raising among the
alumni. Under the deferred payment plan, graduates
would .receive each year a bill representing a clear
and specific financial obligation. It would not be
necesary for them to finance costly promotion and
sales campaigns to collect such funds.
Since colleges and universities all over America
are confronted with many more prospective students
than they possibly can accommodate, this would
seem the time to plan for such a change in this
vital area. ... J. R Cominsky.
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