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f AOt TWO
T3! OAILT TAR RISL
WEDNESDAY, NOVEABER 19,
It wis intcioting to set' some of the an
sueis eicn ly legislature candidates to the
question on leileial aitl to education. All, it
mtiiis, ate lor federal aid, and all, save one
iiidm response, are against federal con
tiol. Why they are opposed to federal control
maybe thtee-fold. First they may be opposed
due to the federal pressure on desegregation.
Secondly, they may oppose federal control txr
cause ol the thought control that might re
sult lor all students under a federalized sys
tem. Thitdly, they may come from other
states than Noith Carojna whose revenue
might be tinned to poorer states under a
fedei.il sysiem. Whatever their reasons are,
they aie wtong.
I he leileial goveinment should not only
aid but also control education. They should
deelop a nationwide system giving each per
son in the United States an equal opportuni
ty lor education;.! advancement, and elimin
ating the disparity between the quality of
education ucthccl that currently exists by
t tossing state lines. The government should
not only outlay money but sec that the state's
iiioik x is out laved on an equitable basis that
would insuic e. ih student the tight of equal
educational nppoi (unity.
Ilieie- should be also a national standards
committer to set up the minimum standards
necessaiy thiouhout the nation for achieve
ment. .1i id to see that all public facilities
maintain these staudaicls. Finally, it should
be th.it .ill students no matter of what tinan
t i d statidatd. should be able to gain an edu
cation lice of charge to their individual academic-
capacity which means free college
education uli.lid by federal scholarships
To tho.e who nigiie that thought control
miht result, the answer can be given that
time is more thought control on viewpoint
in the uth now than could be under a fed
eial system. If handled fairly with a respect
tor what democracy is and with a view that
the handling of education both in program
and fin lines is not a political football, al
though a c iucial issue .this system can pro
vide for all, not just some, to get an adequate
education without suffering.
Those who have something to fear from
such a system are those who either profit by
keeping a limited public in ignorance or
those who do not believe that on a national
level democracy can woik. These either lack
faith or commitment.
A feder.'l system, whatever its potential
evils, olfrr to the people of the United States
an opportunity to get out from under the
miasma of ignorance that it currently is in.
This is a situation to be desired.
A Good Thing
'I he Chi Isi lodge is doing things out of
the ordinal y lor bettering campus conditions
and hi caking dow n fraternity-non-fraternity
Included in their program are periodical
dinners with dormitory leaders and fraterni
ty ollicers, and teas, like that held this week
end with members of the faculty.
The Chi Psi's under the leadership of
C.li.irltr Huntington are doing an excellent
job, and have been able to do a little toward
creating a balance between the social and
ijc JBntlp Ear ieel
The official student publication
Hoard of the University of North
Is published daily
except 'Monday and
nd lummer tcrnn.
Entered as necond
cUm matter In the
f.st office in Chapel
Hill. N. C. under
the actjof March 8
rates: fl.no per se
mester $8.50 per
M J..-' i
It Sure Must Have Been Potent, All Right
Monday came and passed pretty much as usual. The sun rose,
and later it set. The Bell Tower mads its noise; waking, rising
classes, meals; studying, sleeping all traveled their weary road. But
Monday was different, too. Three times one could sense its peculiarity,
and one knew that here was a day, an individual, particular, depress
ing, enlightening, wretched day.
Early one began, to suspect the difference. The dormitory door
stuck a bit as it was opened.' With but a little question, even Monday
morning eyes detected that it had been sloshed -with paint. The now
familiar fire blisters were- somewhat hidden, and those attractive
black charred spots had disappeared. A shiny new screen covered
the window above the letters ALEXANDER, and the cracked panes
had been replaced. A few days wear, and the door shall stick no
more; weather will dull the screen. All will be the same as before
I guess we'll be getting our fire extinguishers soon.
Then, classes and lunch were done. A walk to town and a pack
age was mailed. Again something was different or should have been.
But it was overcome.
"They" were there: the merchants, their yawning coffers; the
students, many with willing money, most with some; and the cars
The masses were stirring, here, there; registers singing; leeches smil
ing, winning; money spent.
of the Publication
Carolina, where it
: CURTIS CANS
Asst. Adv. Manager -
Assistant News Editor
Assistant Sports Editor
Not today, one thought. But it was true. The students had come.
Chicago Tribune item: parking meter an automatic device that
bets a dollar to your nickel that you can't get back before the red
flag pops up. .
The University is full of reckless gamblers.
Chapel Hill is "full of willing bookies.
One returns; the door again, and then noise. Once again this day .
is different. More noise, and it doesn't stop. Finally an explanation,
and one knows that readers of the next day's sports pages will be
amused. A clever trick by a clever man. It should be worthwhile.
There is shame, though, tco. Why was the noise necessary? Other
students have more spirit; they constantly support and cheer their
team. Tatum must prepare; his team, despite fine success, has not
teen deafened often. The players are not accustomed to much noise
Accursed apathy. And then "that" columnist! It's too bad.
Fire extinguishers, parking meters, artificial cheers.
It's all too bad. '
But can it be remedied? Probably not. Too bad.
- ED ROWLAND
A : r , 1 . fc SI .mm
Notes In Review
c & Cor
Letters On Many Different Topics
Eleanor Steber's recital, which served to open
the Duke University Artists' Series last Monday night
in Page Auditorium, was frankly disappointing. Her
artistic fame has been well-established by her fre
quent appearances with the Metropolitan Opera, of
ten in extremely demanding roles such as Tosca and
the recent title-role in Samuel Barber's, new opera
Vanessa. Miss Steber has sung in almost all the ma
jor operas in the reportoire and has been recognized
as one of the outstanding sopranos of our time. Per-?
haps it was for these reasons that we expected much,
and, not satisfied, were disappointed.
c Her concert was carefully arranged to present a
balanced program which included groups of French,
German, and American songs, and concluded with
three arias from Italian operas. It was only in fho
last part of her concert that the soprano was in her
true element and provided the audience with some
musical fireworks. The fault, it would seem, lies
not with the artist, but with the demands of the
program. Singing opera is distinctly different from
singing art songs; and it would seem almost im
" possible for one singer to have the temperment
and talent to do justice to the demands of both.
Nevertheless, the so-called "balanced'program" asks
the singer to do just that, with the result that the
artist has to srech her artistis range beyond its cap
"abilities, doing serious harm to her performance.
Miss Steber is an operatic soprano: she has the
technical and artistic equipment to sing opera with
the kind of exeitement few other singers can match.
But to ask her to sing Franch and German art
songs is unfair to her and the music.
The program opened with a rather hysterical ren
dition of Verdi's aria "Ritorna Vincitor" from Aida.
Following this was a group of Freneh songs by Du
v pare, Debussy, Faure, and Bachelet. The wide
vibrator of the soprano's voice could not really come
to terms with the inherent purity of the French
art song. The delicate melodic line, with its own
peculiar kind of passion, demands the kind of focus
of sound that the artist does net have. The . songs
in her performance lost their subtlety and became
almost factual, rather than transparent.
May I say that I do not pretend
to bet a skillful writer and I shall
In no way attempt to make it ap
pear so to the readers of this
article. It does not appear that
too much ability is required to
express the reastions to the dis
gusting editorial View and Pre
view by Anthony Wolff which ap
peared on this page November 8.
For those of you who did not
i tad the article, it amounted to
a direct slam at Coach .Jim Ta
tum, our football team, our facul
ty, any of our students who were
on hand to cheer our Tar Heels to
a blazing victory. I say our team,
our faculty, and our students -because
they are ours. They are a
part of each and everyone at Car
olina. Nlnty-nine per cent of the
students on this campus are proud
of our team, our faculty, and our
fellow students for their efforts in
making our - university one of the
finest' in America.
As to the article itself, Coach
"Sunny" Jim Tatum should have
his throwing hand soundly shaken,
end not paddled, for the tremen
dous job- he has done here. In
three shot years he has taken
Carolina's football program out of
O. A. LOPEZ
Letter From Olympus
"Individuality" is a word that has been used very often this
year, appear in the Daily Tar Heel editorials and street corner dis'
cussions and everywhere in between. It produces an emotional re
action that is too often unfavorable; it is sometimes considered the
most undesirable of traits. This attitude is due only to a lack of un
derstanding of the word. ;
First, to he an individual does not necessarily mean that one
must be conscientiously "different." That Bohemianism is accepted
as the Temple of Individuality is from the very beginning fallacious
Bohemianism is merely a revolt against certain varying aspects of the
society-at-large;t it is not a declaration of individuality. As & matter
of fact, Bohemia is a society within itself, based, on very strict and
superficial modes of behavior such as outlandish clothing, unortho
dox opinions, and a general desire among Bohemians to do as other
Bohemians do. However, everything that seems "different" is not
Bohemian. Many artists find themselves designated as Bohemians
merely because they are artists, when in reality the since artist and
the Bohemian artist are completely opposite one another in approach
to their work. The real artist works, the pseudo-artist talks
Second, there is fear that an "individual" will flaunt those par
ticular tenets of society that he does not happen to feel like advo
cating. In other words, that he will be rude when he does not feel
like being polite. When someone walks down the dormitory hall in
the morning without saying "Good Morning", he is challenged a?
being an "individual." This is fallacious. When someone is rude, ho
is not raising the issue of individuality; he is merely being rude.
Third, there are many so-called accepted ways of "asserting one's
own individuality." Among these methods are growing a beard, wear
ing long hair in a short-haired world, wearing blue when greys are
the vogue, etc. But none of these acts are what they claim to be
namely, assertions of individuality, because in this sense the as
sertion is really one of non-conformity. Individuality -and non-conformity
are wrongly equated. There is no such thing as non-conformity; all
efforts of non-conformity are merely efforts of conformity to other
standards. For instance, the beard-grower is merely conforming -to
beard-growing as a means of "non-eonforming,". Perhaps, if there
was the possibility of an original method of non-conforming there
would be an original non-conformist. - t , ,
Individuality, then, does not depend on superficialities such as
Bohemia, it does not imply an anti-soeiety attitudei and it does not
have anything to do with demonstrations of independence such as
beard-growing or other comparable .acts.
It does manifest itself through an independent desire to become
aware. Awareness is the key to individuality. But.it is not. enough
to be merely aware that there is an International problem raised In
the Quemoy area; one must be aware of the implications invojved.
It is not enough to be aware of the fact that Dostoyevsky wrote a
book called 'Crime and Punishment'; one must read the book and
be aware of the meanings within it. f
Individuality consists of an awarenes of the circumstances with
in which we act. For instance, wearing ivy-tailored clothes merely
because everyone else wears them is an act of unforgivable conformi
ty. But wearing rvy-tailoTed clothes, and, because of the knowledge
that they are stylish, choosing to wear them is an individual decision
Voting the Democratic ticket because the Republicans have gone out
of style is bad, but voting Democratic because of; a certain knowledge
of the issues involved is an individual decision.
In other words, the most important thing to individuality is act
ing as 'an independent being oat of an accurate awareness of a sit
uation, and not out of blind obedience to an existing status quo. If
this is the case, the particular choice or decision made does not mat
ter. The only thing that does matter is that it is come by smcerely
and honestly, and whether it is generally agreed with or not is com
pletely unimportant. The real issue is self-honesty, and this is far
from unfavorable. This is admirable. C4.,
the doghouse and molded a talent
laden power-house that may very
likely be an opponent for . some
one on New Year's Day. Coaches
Frank McGwire and Walter Rabb
are to be commended rJso. We at
Carolina know that for years to
come we can be proud of the suc
cess of all of our athletic teams.
Football does not come before
classes here at Carolina or any
where. Anyone with any intelli
gence knows this. The gan.l at
Virginia was no different then the
Duke game will be. No doubt Ken
an Stadium will be packed on Nov
ember 22. No doubt ninety per cen
of thi Carolina student body wil
be on hand to let its team know it
is behind them. No doubt the
same people would have been at"
the game in Virginia for the same
purpose.- had they thought them
selves able to miss classes or
spend . the money. Those students
The game at Virginia was played
and was won very handily by our
Tar Heels. That's us! We are all
Tar Heels because we are from
Carolina and should be proud of
it or else we should not be here.
We have a strong student body,
a highly capable faculty, and a
wonderful football team with a
fine coach. Eacbi depends upon the
othr. Without support what kind
of teams would we have? Without
winning teams ; or teams at all
where would the old Carolina
spirit be, in the classroom. With
out a capable ifaeulty what kind
of a university would we have?
Everything seems to be doing
fine on the hill. This is $ o because
athletic prograjn work together.
Education is first, but the admin
istration is aware that we have
an athletic program and that our
The second group of songs, representing the
who lack school spirit. Those who German Iieder, were all by the composer Brahms.
do, however, are not Tar Heels.
Hark the sound of Tar Heel voices
means nothing to them.
who Jiiade the trip to Virginia did f teams need our .support. If this is
so at their own discretion It . is not so en wry doesn't the ad
ridiculous for anyone to say that;: ..'ministration dp away with athlet-
they are the ones who neglect
their studies. It just is not right
to assume such a thing and it is
more probable that classes were
considerably duller on Saturday in
stead of more alive.
it is. true that the faculty is the
only group "strong enough to
thwart Mr. Tatum's 'proposed de
sertion of the academic ranks in
.. ics, move Carolina to some de
serted island and say "Let us all
become a bunch of monks!"
So far I have not slammed the
person who wrote the article . the
way he did his fellow students,
his instructors and the guys who
vfight their hearts out to win for
)VCarolina. Obviously the guy is in a
sclass by himself, most likely be-
Here the soprano's voice was not so much a barrier
to the proper execution of these songs, as her sense
of phrasing which has been conditioned by her ope
ratic singing, and is highly unsuitable for the lieder.
Frequently phrasing in operatic singing. can be ac
complished by a kind of slurring of the voice which
unites one note with the next by a gradual raising
The Daily Tar Heel has gone or lowering of the voice. This, by the very nature
to the dogs. It has, in the past of the German lieder, cannot be done in a Brahms?
month become principally a corn- song without seriously endangering the peculiar
.mercial information bulletin we structure of the melodic line which depends for its'
hesitate to uuse the word news- musical existence on a much more prounced clari-'
paper. , ty of interval and, consequently, clarity of interval-
These continuous, massive ad- lie progression. -vertisements
which daily flood A- c, , t. .
the publication are usually quite am Miss Steber s operatic temperament tend-
unrelated to the majority of the v SOngS .f,lther,as or
students needs and wants. For sentimenta!- Jhe ,heder ,ls neither: it may be deeply
xvomolQ vl T. serious and deeply involved with sentiment, but the
example, m fte usue on TTiurs- difference between seriousness and 3
day November 13 . How many snUment and sentimentality ig vital in th'e CQ1
ftudents;are interested in buy- tion of these ce
mg dog food, pole beans, or fresh
lettuce. We'll agree that some What must also be criticized was the. lack of
few of the Chapel Hill townspeo- musical communication between pianist Edwin Bilt
ple who read the DTH might be di e and the singer. This is of the utmost import
interested in this, but isn't this ance in these songs, and without it, the musical
a student publication in the first intent loses its proportion and unity. The art song ,i
place. We don't want groceries, not a voice line accompanied by piano, ' but the
Mr. Editor, we. want news, and amazing unity of two equals.
if you can't-with help of your After tte Remission-followed a group of
staff-furnish us with it; can American songs the most successful of which was
always get someone else who Menotti's hilarious "Hello, Hello!" song from The
Don't get us! wrong. We real
ize the necessity of advertising - Tne program closed with the arias "Depuis le
for a successful paper, but why jour" from Charpentier's Louise, "Addio del passa
in Heaven's name is there going to" from Verdi's La Traviata, and from Puccini's
to be so mueh of it? Mr. Editor, Boheme, the beautiful "Musetta's Waltz Song.
ever I am sure that Mr. Tatum
..he has been left out
favor of vicarious athletics." How- cause somewhere along the way you wm probably be the first to In these, the artist demonstrated her natural sym-
admit that the excessive adverti- Pny ana talent with Italian Opera. Her voice, lush
sement on the above mentioned witn its wide-range vibrato and amazing volume,
date succeeded 1 in crowding out brouSht to these arias a f irery excitement and naur-
the comics and the crossword. a exPresssion.
Now you tell us why.
does not favor desertion of aca- - sound of his article itt is probably
demic ranks. Obviously the facul
ty is in full sympathy with Mr.
Tatum and our athletic program.
If not it should be. There is more
to college thanj merely attending
classes every single day. Most
people mature in college and they
do not do it by maintaining a
flawless class attendance record
or by keeping their head constant
ly in a textbook I may be wrong
bat I think this is the least of it.
People mature by getting out In
life and .mixing with others. If a
person can not get along with and
understand his feilowman he must
be immature. The person who can
not seem to get out of his shell is
said to be O. T. D.
Each professof here knows his
good an4 bad students. Many in
structors are in- favor of unlim
ited cuts. Therefore it is obvious
that many instructors sympathize
with the students. They realize as
fhis own fault. If all of us felt the
,way he does I am afraid that
spirit here at Carolina would be
exactly nil. t
Happily there are few Tar Heels
Phillip E. Gerdes
Gray isn't such a bad color.
In fact, our first distinct impression of the University and Village
which is Chapel Hill was essentially gray.
I think it is time to recognize that the chasm
between the art song and the operatic aria necessi
tates entirely different interpretation and rules of
performance which should make clear whether an
artist does or does not have the vocal equipment
and personal temperament to bridge this chasm.
The so-called "balanced program" is a musical
It -was during winter exams our first year here. Not until then s
did we feel the; significance" of cur surroundings. It was bleak, cold, An snow us your teeth, sir, and flast us your
damp (but no longer raining there was no morejroom for water) smiles!
and the buildings and trees stood strangely sharp against the back- ,,7 ... . ... ...
ground which was no color-just gray. We 11 surely fall victim once more to your wiles-
'it o..i.. vi 1
tch suin; ucucve juu wiiexifver you grin,
We felt the, power embodied in the gyay. The steady, ponderous
pressure which settled over the buildings and trees, and looked like So show us your kindness, and cover your sin. "
fog. Then we thought of a warm liireside, and it was not cruel. Now give us your promise, so trusted and true.
so many of us do that a college - "c,cvau "r iaj no isriner And give us your greetings, like which there are few;
student is old enough to make his ' awav Vei 80 long ago. We were standing in the same water-sogged .... r
7 c"uus" 10 rade "1S , . , . 4 . .. We know you are peaceful you fought on our side:
own decisions. We. don't need, to . damp at theedge of a stream. The water was gray. too. It was a '
be mothered any . longer. Everyone" 'small stream, bnt the water had. great depth; it didn't tumble play So wn0 can distrust you, in terror or pride?
at Carolina knows that those who fuuv over the rocks: it hadn't time. The" reck tmdprtnnrt nH ih u. , v j , , .
i ' - - ic uicji ui me iduiu urowns me growi 01 me Dear,
And why draw your pistol? We know you are fair!
And we recall the Banks, It was cold August. Gray August There
was water then too, but in the surf there , was not violence, merely
trust in the gray, everywhere. And the gray made its point. Later, CoJne over, and flourish your hand to the fore,
it rained. The next morning there was no more gray, just wet, which
Ms not the same. K
are here for a ; party
abound very,. long.
The so t called s "universal quia"
is one of the silliest things I have
e ver heard. I doubt seriously that
any such quiz has ever been giv
en . here by any member of our
faculty --or ever .will be, for how
much -of. a student's ability does
are not water rushed between!
Thole stories of Hungary stop, say no more;
We trusted them often, v,-e trusted them far,
We trusted their simpers which nothing could mar:
But most of all we recall the gray campus:, the dripping branches:
-this show. . The instructors are h T blurred lights; the passing cars which were absorbed; and the Ion"
aeresiea oniy in eaucating us, not s.gray finger of a sundial, pointing it out for those who watched. And We have Paid for.il dearly but there, to the plow;
getting rid of us. There are stu-v . . . . .
dents who attempt to deceive their ' we 1 k of a warm flreside V The guard has been watching, and watches us now.
.instructors, but thy soon fall by Gray is not a bad color, f J. Harper - . . , Wade Wellman