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TH3 DAILY tAS 6iSt i
C?ATUffDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 195S
f AOt TWO
I Ik- Iicll lias been raised or at least heaven
has been Iowa eel considerably before the
j;.nnc tinlay. Paint was fpread a little too lib
erally on various public buildings, bat ma
jor damage to public property or to human
beings was nil. Thus, although there was
souk lowdiness, people were not hurt.
The day ol the game can bring animosity
to a fever pitch which can result in a riot
if either te; in wins. This does not have to be
the cast -since the victor of the game should
be the climax of the excitement. The line is
not ca to draw betwceit a healthy rivalry,
and a rloi'. hilTlne students "of both schools
sin mid bc i csxnsible enough to keep within
bounds, and pi event any sort of violence foU
lowmiitlie M!iu.,i r i . .. ,:
. M V'
One cannot piaise too highly the doctors
who developed the tuberculosis vaccine here
at (tavcly Sanitoiium, and indeed the whole
plotless ol medicine in its goal of saving
In a woild seemingly committed to lrio
tion. violence, and warfare, the idea of a
gioup ol people trying to save lives is re
lieshing. If men ever come to their senses
long enough to rerlie the predicament' that
ihev have placed themselves in by their con
stant lack ol understanding and ambition for
ambit ion's sake, they might behold a glorious
wot Id in which the research which goes into
I T val tines and into nuclear development
m.'v be used lor a peaceful community .
It U' rather .frightening to think that the
woik ol 'these men who are trying to save
lives through medicine should go down the
drain in one glorious deluge of Strontium 90.
And it may very well happen. The day may
vet come when the world will awaken. It may
even now be too late.
There has been in the past few weeks an
attempt to legislate against gambling imi
foimly on this campus, and to enforce this
legislation. It is curious to note that some of
the same people who are so in favor of the
abolition of the drinking rule are participat
ing in the crackdown on gambling.
The principles intjic gambling. rule and
the drinking rule arc entirely the same that
it should up to the, individual to choose
whether he wants to drink or gamble and
that he should be allowed to do so, provided
he does not Infringe upon the rights' of oth
ers. It is not ium- nor ever has been a right
of anyone to enforce his viewpoint as to the
evils of gambling on others.
The ciaekdown is another in a number of'
incidents which shows the growing mater
nalism in elfect by student government over
the lest ol the student body. The student
body should rebel against any attempts to
legislate motility for them.
It is supMsed that student government
took to crackdown upon gambling at least'in
pait because there arc big money games go
ing on and that some students are getting
clipped. It is not student governments-responsibility
to protect the students from
themselves. Once they arc in college and of
lollege age. they should ' be responsible
enough to have developed' a moral code or
learned cards well enough to play poker' ti
ll c lively..
Student government should start concern
ing itself with the excesses which infringe
upon others' rights, and deliver itself; .front
molality, lor this is. something for the indi
vidual to develop.
11 student government really wanted' to
protect individuals frotir going .broke it
might do well to invest in some. signs which
should be placed in front of the doors of ex
perienced card players. The signs "lVc ware;
ijc ally ear
The official student publication of the Publication
tfoard of the University of North Carolinawhere H
Is published daily ,
except Monday and
snd summer termi.
Entered as Vecond
class matter in the
pest office inChapeV
Hill, N. C, under
the act of March 8
rates: $4.50 pef'se"'
Blester, $8.50 per
tear. v- r
NUMBER 23 AND THOUGHTS OF YESTERDAY
Is there ever a youngster who hasn't at one time in his life
dreamed of being a railroad engineer? If so, I certainly would 'not
have fallen into that category. As a- member" of" thefrustrated"' ma-" T
jority which never fulfills this ambition, I was particularly saddened
a few weeks ago by a statement by a railroading expert in Washington
that passenger trains would probably fads way by i97eT.
' -a- f ; "' '
Thinking back, I couldn't help but recall that particular driving .
force that caused-my boyhood friends " and rrie to climb" out of our ' ,
- beds on a Saturday morning in the middle of win
ter to see old Number 23 come in' from Norfolk:
While the train stopped every morning on its
journey to Cincinnati', only the freedom of no
school on Saturday gave us time to enjoy it. : s -
A quick breakfast- and we-'Were'off by foot
or bicycle to the N & W station. Arriving a few
minutes before nine we took our places on the
platform, being careful not to interfere in the
hustle and bustle of passengers and express
Passengers on a Saturday morning would
usually number about six, evenly divided between 1
whites and Negroes. Those with their tickets would be in the waiting-rooms
gathered on opposite sides of the pot-bellied coal stove
which sat in the archway between the white and eolored quarters and
heated both quite adequately. ,
By this time last minute express checking had caused the agent
to abandon his office, and anyone arriving at the last minute would
be more than apt to have to buy his ticket from the conductor.-
Over in the express and freight section, the long room was filled
to the bursting point with crates and parcels on their way out or '
awaiting their owners. Outside on the westbound platform two or
three big four-wheeled express carts sat piled high with packages to
friends and relatives from townspeople and small : shipments from
local industries and businesses.
Finally, at precisely 9:05, an exuberant steam whistle sounded
and the' black shiny nose of Number 23 came into sight The massive
engine roared by the station with brakes sparking fire; as the agent
hollered for us boys to keep back or run the chance of being: hit, by
a flying" loose bolt.
A trainman toward the end of the procession- ol cars helped; pass
engers into the coaches while we fixed our attention on the front of
the train; By now-the-agent and his Negro helper" hadpulled empty" "
carts into position by the express cars, ready to receive the steady
incoming stream of packages of all shapes and sizes, baskets of or
anges and peaches and cartons of chirping baby chicks. When this
had been accomplished and outgoing shipments had been loadtd on
the train, the conductor gave the highball and Number 23 started t.t
glide effortlessly out of town. '
As the two brown daycoaches clicked by, we gazed into the
faces of the passengers, wondering what it must be like to be travel
ing as far up the line as Cincinnati or Roanoke.
Soon all was silent again except for the chirping of the chicks
. and the grunting of the agent and his helper as they pulled and
shoved the overloaded carts into the freights room. Whatever our
plans for Saturday might have been, we felt we had started' thfr day r
in the best of fashion. ' ... .
Number 23 sounded its whistle for the last time years ago.: Ii
its place a diesel-clcctric streamliner pauses at the old station and
unceremoniously tosses off a few parcels. Weeks go by sometime
with a single local passenger. The agent no longer bothers to put '
on his black, gold-braided hat which he used to dast off and place
cockily on his head a few minutes before the train arrived.
And now from an expert in Washington comes the crowning
blow: soon no passenger train at all. It just-seems like almost every
body is ganging up on small boys to make their lives as miserable as
possible. . i r,
"ItH BMnteresting To Find Out What
.The Other Side Is Like"
1 .t 2
aclc Nbr W
Cii it or
Our age is characterized by a
series of desegregation and srg- .
regation "purges." In this enlight
ened age, we are attempting, to
eradicate with laws the ingrained
prejudices of man,' a noble, but -impossible
task. We should step
back from the heat cf the battle
and ask ourselves what we can
hope, for in th future when'we
have the integration we are-seeking..
There should be a noticeable
change In the outward relation
ships' between men, but most of
their inner feelings will remain
unaffected by laws.. We can hope
that' in the future every man will
show a - tolerance toward Ms fel
low man. We can hope that there
will be no violence to-persons or
property in the years to come. I'
believe- we can expect very little
We can not hope, with any ex
., pecteircy tof' fulfilment, that man
will , accep everyone a:; ' his
"equal"' in the future Utopia the
' dreamers ' are planning. It is lu
dicrous to even entertain, such
dreams. -People have never been,
are not, and will never be "equar
inmany respects. Some are rich,
some ' poor. Some are brilliant, -some
stupid. Some are kind, some
cruel. Some; are strong, some
weak.. ; '
No law will change man's in
termoet urge for status in so
ciety. Status implies various de
grees of abilities and character
istics of people. If man did -not
status. A grr.at opera star is us
ually friendiy and even -helpful
to a; beginning" singer, but this
star usually -has" a secret or open
contempt for another equally tal
In this fast' moving, modem'
world we are forced, many times
without rcalieing it; t make cer-
The batallion marched': on Fet
zer Field. As thfxd ' platoon, Char
lie company rounded x the bend
ahead and marched - under somj
trees through which the sun 1 fit
tered ' down- in broken patterns I
could" see : the navy 1 blue of the '
uniforms change' 1 first to
the pale blue of Napoleon's le
gions, then to tie olive green of
the armies of tlie Third Reich i
then to the crimson that Cornwal
lis wore." ' ;
America has fought seven major
wars during . its ; 180 'years of .in
dependent existence: There has
been a war often enough for the
young- men "of each generation to
go off and lose their" blood J and
limbs and love for life and life itself;"--
Sometimes the reasons for vour
wars .have - been well-defined";
sometimes obscure." Always the
basic motivation has been just the
desire to go to war. Td 1312 we
weren't quite sure whether the
war would be withL England or
wltfi' France, as long, as" there
would be war. In 1846 it was 'ter
ritorial expansion, . unjustified
agression,'.- that gave" us our rea-
sons. In . 18S0 the South . decided .
ori ' war when it 'still' helcT rajori-
THE DIARY OF A YOUNG GIRL. By Anne Frank.
Translated from the Dutch by B. M. Mooyaart-
Doubledayr 285 ppr New- Yorkr The Modern
Library: Random House $1.65.
On Wednesday, July 8, 1942 Anne Frank and
her family moved fom"' their home 'in Amsterdam
to a small, secret apartment in the rear of ah old
office building.' In these few - dingy rooms the
Franks and four other Jews hid from the Germans'
who occupied Holland: for the two years and twenty
seven days of their concealment, Anne Frank could
see the outside world only "through dirty net cur
tains hanging 'before very -dusty windows." The
world inside those windows was
also largely unavailable to
Anne, for she felt that none of '
the group was sympathetic 10
her unique predicament ' as an
emergent individual, and she
could confide in no one. '
Unable' ti find her place in
the outside world from which
she nad been suddenly removed
at a crucial period in her
growth, and also isolated from the world-in-small of
her immediate situation, Anne was forced to seek
within herself the wh' le structure and meaning of
Her diary is the record of that search, for Anne
Frank was almost unbelievably able ". . . to write,
but more than that . . . to bring out all kinds of
things that lie buried deep in my heart."
The beauty of her diary lies not only in the fact
that at the age of thirteen she was able to write so
well, and that she was able to record with unmis
takable felicity the contents of her heart: it is the
nature of her soul itself, as it shines through her
well-chosen words, that is the beauty of the diary.
Compare Anne Fran'c to any girl of a similar
age, and the genius of the-'young diarist stands out
in bold relief. At an age when most girls and boys,
for that matter are quite unwilling " and" unable to
question themselves, to dissociate themselves from
their emergent sexuality and sociality, Anne was
able to do just those things with strenuous honesty
and success such as are usually found only in older
individuals no matter what their native talent.
of emotions that makes us want lo -go
: to ' war. Included are personal
honor and 1 assertion of manhood,
a deification Jof one's nation which
can culminate in such movements
as Nazism and "Facism, probably,
saddism and saddis:m's close cou-.
sin curiosity td see new weapons
used or to see people die. The
zeal and persuasiveness of those
who want war convinces the lew
who are unconvinced. Bizarre be
havior becomes the norm Teddy
Roosevelt can call t President Mc
Klnley a "yellow bastard" for try
ing to avoid war and there is no
irate public censure of Roosevelt.
Without difficulty this esprit de
guerre, this ' sanguine quest r by
rationalization; that universal sol
vent of - values, can be identified
with the causes we hold most dear
spreading Christian, teachings to
the- unsaved,5 offering ... the gift of
changed economic complexion of 11 is perhaps unjustified to assume that Anne
the 20th' century has? dislolged' a would have been the same had the events of the
powerful allianee that had been -war not taken place, for it was exactly those events
conunitted to, pacifismMn: earlier -wnich provided aj ieast the immediate impetus for
times. This allianee big business ui. j. , . ,
. . A the thoughts which are recorded in her diary. In
industry, commerces-was usually
slow to ask- for war, subverted short' Anne was lnvolvid n a conscious confronta
their warlike desires to a ? quest tion with what Albert Camus, whose; ideas were
for wealth which could be better - generated by a situation similar to Anne's, was
accumulated in peaceful times'. later to call the Absurd. On the one hand, Anne
No longer, .though,-is war a was entering adblescenco, and thus she felt the in
draining, unstabilizihg,' economical- .;u ' 1L .
. . J.-7 -w u sistent necessity to question the habits and entire
ly dangerous pursuit r it has be- . . -
come a prosperity-bringing, - ex- orientatlon her pre-adolescent life; on the other
panding, perhaps necessaryr ele-nanc she was living "in a time when all ideals are
;ment of our inflated economy." War ' being shattered and destroyed, when people are
and preparation for'wai?: seem 'to showing their worst ' side,1 and do not know whether
have been our only salvation from to believe in truth and right and God . . . our
a visitation of the depression -nLtAmo ...-v. -j , , .
r , . problems weigh down on us, problems for which
specter. World War II was our de , . , .
liverance when the. specter began we are Probablv too jnung, but which thrust them-
to haunt us in 1937 of a repetition selves upon us continually, until, after a long time,
of the ills descending' on the nation we think we've found a solution, but the solution
in the earlier part of. the decade, doesn't seem able to resist the facts which reduce
democracy to mankind, allowing . Without government demand today it to nothing again . . . :ideais, dreams, and cher-
tain r generauzations about pee - ties in the Senate and the SuDreme
. . . .
Court, and when Lincoln hacj. pub-
pie and things; We! have come td
associate various traits wii cer
tain ' groups.' rOniy a dreamer
would 'deny that 'Negroes; Ital
ians, Frenchmen," Chinese, 'Arabs
and Englishmen do not have cer
tain (unique traits.' To maintain
that they did not would : be to
disregard reality and - to deal in
fantasy. However, no thoughtful .
man will deny- that many: indiv
iduals within these groups do
not havethe traits, good or bad,
attributed to- the ; groups r v, ?
Alas, time does not permit us
to examine : closely every person
with ' whom, we come ; in contact.
We are forced to make generaliza
Uon when ! we observt? a man's
manntrs, dress, speech and., actions-Obviously
we will be wrong,
in some eases,! , but there is no
other way in which we can deal
with the vast number of ' people
have time for the business of liw
ing. v,irc .:, :;.f )...;....'. v.v..
Integration of all races will no
doubt come in the future We
can and should force men to
tolerate each other. However, we
must remember that we can not
force men to like each (btherj1
Discrimination - will remain 1 as
Asst. Adv. Manager .
feel that he was-above some peo- long as man has an'urge for sti
I ! .. .... .,
.a:. AVERY THOMAS
0, 'A. LOr.El
pie and" below others, chaos
would result When a man's sta
tus is threatened ,his animosity
' "willb aroused toward the per
. son or thingtthat 'threatens. Jthis
tiis and dignity. That! is to say,
man will always make a distino
tion as- in favor of- oir against . a
person or thing. No law will ever
or should change this: innate na
ture of man.
licly declared that he" didn't intend
to for to 'freedom" for the slaves!
A generation which had gone for
thirty years without the sound of
cannon searched eagerly for a
battle 1 in the last decade of the
19th- Century, They almost ; suc
ceeded in fighting- Britain over ! a
Monroe Doctrine question , in 1893 ,r
but finally: their real opportunity
came in 189S. '. War was declared
with Spain even after the Spanish
government sent a note agreeing
to 'all the demands the - .United
States had made concerning Cu
ban independence.; Witir relish the ?
young generation read of the sink
ing - of the Luisitania, the Arabic,
and the Sussex and the damning
contents ot the Zimmerman note.
Though no United States property
or territory had been attacked, we
went to war. : ; .
The drum and " bugle corps
played brassy, bahging music that
we marched by. With the music we
leaned back, held our heads erect,
crunched the cinders underfoot in
cadence It creates a feeling of
oneness of all ' those who march .
with you, gives you some indefin
able sense that glory can be at
tained . ; . . ; I could hear the
trumpets at the walls of Jericho,
could see the Spartans holding the
pass above - Thermopylae till the .
dast man had been struck-dead. -
' ..'-"-:'':' l ..y,
"It mustbe some driving conjplex
the; world to' shares in our super
ior technology and higher stands
ard- of living. .
, The drill team raarched, ex
ecuting snappy commands from
the manual-of arms,;-rifU rbarr;ts .
gleaming. in . the sun and butts,
clashing dully on ! the: grourni.
These instruments of war are- im
portant.. To be assured of safety
and "of victory a nation must pro
duce the best armainents, regard
less of cost .... I could -see the-
smoking mouths cf the guns .
aboard the Bon Homme Richard,'
could hear the V-2 Jackets whistl-
ing through London's still nig'it
. . .
Frightening it is to find that the
lt . , . lohed hopes rise1 within us, only to met the horrible
submarines it is doubtful that our , . . ...
automation-elicited bveproduction- tvHlh ' oe Shattered. We all live, but we don t
could withstand the - s t r a i n r of know the whv or" the- wherefore."
peacetime demand levels.
' " "Little bundle of contradictions" that she was,
I realized as wer were dismissed at once a budding young woman full 'of hope ani
and waJked off the field hbw'mucH - j x , .......
. ... it?. v. ... , promise, and at the same time a clear-sighted ind;-
a- part of Tnan'thiS" trun of war1 . , ,
has been,- how we neer have'been" Vldual able and confront despair,
able toescape.it-how we would kill Anne could not always remain true to her instan-.
45,000 at the Battle of. Austerlitz, taneous vision of her siluationr often,-like the best
how wevvwbuld'-burn- -alive eaves of-us, she took refuge in- superficial optlmismvv Btit '
fuii off 'the enemy onIwoJima. just' as often'hef' perception was truer,' and she
Iwderedifecouldver-e rIized that' her task was to become . . what I
cape fromf thisJ obsession, won- 7i, w v ,
dered whether-'the possision of WOmd.SO hke to be, and what I could be, if . . .
weapons-capable t)f . making.' our- there. weren't any other people living in the world";
species -extinct will have any de- to stand on (my) own feet as a conscious, living
terrant ffeet.-1 vraiked away-and- beings ... if you- do, it's . . . difficult to steer a
and all I could do was wonder. right path through; the sea of problems a'nd still
''-"'"' ' -': remain constant through it all. It isn't the fear of
God but' the upholding of -one's own honor and
arper s Bizarre
l : Someday we'll probabiy. get around to- wrUing" a column sub- i During her moments of what she called "super
titled "Harp's Carps" (see Webster we iid). Which? reminds -us of optimism," Anne was a magnificent and' pathetie
an occurrence in our history class recently., . ' example of the human will to believe in essential
In the course ol-his lecture, our professor used the worUcT 'ante- goodness in the face of depravity. In her deeper
deluvian." This may not' have impressed otir classmates, but' we-' per-' perceptions, she demonstrated the real glory of the
sonally appreciated it, for we-knew-what it meam- -" - human spirit: tne abUity .to recognize the human
lht w thedefin,mo, wf. aidehtaU forwe- had-only situation'inits worst extreme, without fixed stand-
the night before run actoss tJie word in. the dictionary. ? -1 . , , . ..
, o- . ' . . . . , . J. t . ards, without God, and still to find withm the indi
'Since that time, inspired by our discover, we -have, m every ... ... - , t - . -
spare moment, snakhed up our Webster's and, leafed; through the vlduaF a basls a meaningful existence,
pages - in . search of new and interesting - words with which "increase-
and enrich our vocabulary. Words like -prolixity." . u Anne Frank had lived, she would now be
And since that 4 time we have become acutely aware of vocabu- twenty-nine years old," and ' it is safe to assume
larial deficiencies in others. We are appalled by the language habits . ... , , , , , . . .
c , . j J . '..4 1 - r-"--- that she would be a human being rare in her unique-
of our fellow students who often repeat themselves in speaking,, use H
incorrect pronouns and adverb's and are redundant.;.. . , ' . . neis- But On August 4, 1944, three days after the
V-We met with a classic example of vocabulanal laxity the other last date in her diary, the Germans captured -the
evening, when a friend described a certam physiological function of residents of the "secret annex": Anne Frank died in
the human body as in "organism." Wrhich-was not whatr he meant, at" the concentration camp where she was sent, just
aI1- . ; ; ' ' :' . " """ ' ' before the allies reached her This postscript to
Such abuses to bur language- could be avoided if '.more students the diary, conf ined to a 'brief note at the' end, gives
(andpeople would take up. our new- hobby, "Dictionary ' Browsing.- the &R added toiicance. it becomes horribly
It is a pleasant pastime. It makes one a demon at -scrabble. It is also ,
a "must" for the college student intent on .improving hfanself intel- dear that the world has collaborated m the murder
lecttially. . . . . j. Harper of one of its very rare and unique human beings.