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Tim DAILY TAR HEEL -
SUNDAY, MARCH I, 1r5f.
Defence Secretary Neil McKlroy announced yes
torday that the United States was safe from surprise
attack. This is a mighty pronouncement, but in tin
light of present day reality it means very little.
It is olim.tted that it takes approximately twen
t minutes for an intercontinental ballistics missil?
to negotiate the distance between Russia and the
United States. It is possible that after fifteen minut
es of flight, the rocket might be detected and prep
arations for enemy attack will be underway. Yet.
this isn't quite enough time to protect the. United
State from destruction and a law percentage of
the population from slaughter. Sure, we knew it
was coming, but so what!
There are some statements that are significant
and ate historically worthwhile, and then there are
tlioe like the Secretary of Defense's.
'I be bunching of 1 loneer IV is a momentous
at lii' ement and U.S. scientists are to be mgratu
laled for their work.
There ought to be a sobering note injected into
this week of happy achievement, and this note is
that the Russians accomplished the same feat about
a month before.
Apparently the missile lag g;p is elosing, but
it is equally ( bi. i lis 1 lt.it il h:: 11 t closed ct.
1 lie ir.t. mi for tin- jibme ima;;e shattering is
iiiiph The people of the United State, have 'i
lrndeie to be mug and cmipl u enu nt and hav
;i d. -iie to ret on their hnirelv
Yrt. in this ae ther" i no safety er security
without work, and intc! i:;er.t thought, and people
who have propeiiMt for leisure UMi.tllv are not
ldr to muter either.
! in i he well true th.;t the United Slates ha-,
di xt li.pf d a u,e liil an'i missde missile, and it
iim well trie that an iii.inmvc p(ep.iratiou tor
i.miM l- il'tertid. but it is nt true that t!i"
United States j. s.i.'e.
It tii.p he , J true Umt the United Slates ha-.
a o ( U t ,litiir.' an oo l !ie mid. but il is in't true
that the United States is ahead in the missiles r;:cc.
In a rap. i!ly moving wt rid there i no time for
i .inil.o ent And for those who taiiJit think that
h United States is in wonderful shape, one might
(' iri' again to the fa;t that the Uaith'T report has
i ! Ieen released Whi n it is, the public migh'
hav- some indication tliat the U.S. is in g oi shape.
line .' m lent suggested the editor write ; r.'i
ttoril in favor of reducing the tuition of foreign
MudrnN li the stale leii- on the b.i-is that t n -
lndiii! ,ue a gnat addition to the community
,:ie wiutli the 1'nniry in their contribution.
Uoniphiug with this request. thc editor ad
in ales. The campus climate is indeed better if
(lie ana rere.-eiitrd is diverse and if an inter
change of ideas from other parts of the world is
On A Letter
F rank Mixture's 'etter to the Kducation Foundri
tion i- crrrrntly a subject of controversy. Every iu-du-ation
points to the fact that McCtiiire and Chan
cellor A,m ink are right in their estimation of tho
situation, ami if so, their stand is courageous.
It is unfortunate that Coach Mcduirc said Friday
that the letter should not have been made publie.
MrCuire is right that too much has been made of
thi.s already, but it a person has the courage to
send a statement of his feelings to GOO people, he
has somewhat of an obligation to back it up publicly
without crying about the lack of tact of the press.
A letter of this sort is public information.
Th offiei.il jtiidem publication of the Publication
peril of the University of North Carolina, where it
is published daily
eicrpt Monday nj
n4 mmmcr term
tntrirrt ai necond
rlaM matter in ihc
pol office In Chapel
Mill. N. C. unJcr
inr act of March 8
ratrt: $ 50 per c
irtrr. $0 50 pri
The tuily Tar Heel
is printed by the
Nr- Inc., Canboro, N. C.
.... CHUCK EEINNEi:
WALK Ell BLANTON
LEE A R BOG AST
. ELLIOTT COOPER
Asst. Adv. Manager
Asst. News Editor
Assistant Sports Editor
Circulation Manager BOB WALKER
Subscription Manager AVERY THOMAS
Chief Photographers BILL BRENKHOUS
I he W
As May 27 conies closer mid
closer the newspapers are carry
ing more and more of "what are
we going to do?" articles involv
ing top government officials. Thi.s
week is no exception.
The cold war continues. Last
week President Eisenhower said
he will not budge an inch; Premier
Nikita S. Khrushchev said he will
not budge an inch. Although the
tension still mounts, perhaps a
ray of hope can be .seen.
The Russian premier, Khrush
chev, reversed himself and con
ditionally agreed to a foreign min
isters" conference on the Berlin
crisis in notes that warned the
German issue could cause war "a
hundred times more serious" than
all past conflicts.
Khrushchev withdrew his rejec
tion of the western plan for a for
eign ministers' meeting alter pleas
from visiting Prime Minister Har
old MacMillan or Great Britain.
Observers took it as a victory for
the British statesman who was of
ficially reported "cheerful" afler
six glum days of icy negotiations.
The Soviet notes handed to the
ambassadors of the United SlaU-s.
Britain. France and West Ger
many urged a summit conference
as having "the greatest chance"
But could the Russians pull a
surprise attack on the United
Stales? Secretary of Defense Neil
McElroy says this is almost impos
sible. McElroy. speaking at a news
conference Tlnirs.lay. said that
the preparations an I military
movements required lor a:: attack
wilh couvential arms probably
woul 1 be observable and known.
And. he sai l, it is believed a
surprise attack vvi'h missiles in
the forseeable future is almost im
possible. McElroy also state! this week
that the United States' military
forces are ready to back up Pres
ident Eisenhower's avowed deter
mination to stand last on Ameri
c in rights in Berlin.
"We think we hive definite
nl tensive superiority over the Rus
sians at this time." McElroy s ii 1
discussing the sit ua' ion with the
House Space Committee.
News of a cold war and news of
a hot war. This is what the North
Carolina newspaper reader got
The Harriet-Hen lerson Cotton
The Good Eailh
'""''.'vvl ' - '' f .V-K. fll Jk
3 5," . . Vj. i"JJ"' I O-' vs-'-
Butler, speaking in New Jersey,
discounted Adlai Stevenson's can
didacy for the 10 presidential
would have a lifetime "comparable
to the life of our universe."
In Raleigh more down-to-earth The 1958-59 Executive branch of the Intcrfrater
cvents were taking place. Consti- nity Council came into oificc last year at a crucial
tutional changes to improve North time for fraternities on the University of North
Carolina's system of justice were Carolina campus. A few short weeks before, a mis
proposed in identical bills offered representation of facts concerning a fraternity party
in the House and Senate Thursday. became Asuch . "formation that it was earned
Democratic oartv Chairman Paul b' an Associated Press wire htera y around the
. T world, imaginations ran wna as tne story was
magnified and exaggerated to a ridiculous extent;
however, when the true facts were revealed to the
newspaper, in most cases they were not even print
ed. In others, they were buried somewhere in the
He pointed out that he thought sec0nd or third sections. Thus, the IFC, during the
John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts past year, has had to work under this cloud of
ts was the frontrunner at the pres- thwarted public opinion. I personally feel that it
ent time, but that Jersey's Gov- has done so admirably, I want to mention that The
crnor Robert Meyner, Sen. Stuart Daily Tar Heel, under the editorship of Doug Eisele,
Symington, and Hubert Humphrey defended Carolina's fraternities by printing the true
were among to potential candi- story.
datcs- In an effort to improve fraternities on this camp-
Itioting broke out; in Bolivia, as us the jFc did several things during the past year,
demonstrators protested a TIME Many long hours were spent discussing the entire
magazine article by stoning the situation with members of the administration, facul-
U, S. embassy in La Paz, forcing ty aiJ presidents of the fraternities. Feeling that
loud, Sunday afternoon parties were in poor taste,
the IFC took the initiative to correct this element
which affected not only its own members, but the
members of the embassy to evacu
ate the city.
More violence broke out in a
different area of the world as Public as wcl1- Such Partics were abolished and
bloodshed mounted in South Africa.
A state of emergency was de-
violators of such are tried by the IFC Court.
Under the consitution and by-laws of the IFC,
dared and African nationalist hazing is explicitly defined and as such is prohibit-
leader Dr. Hastings Banda was ed. Up until last spring the judiciary body was
arrested. hampered by a system of graduated penalties. In
Following the declaration and order for the Court to deal adequately and with
the arrest, rioting broke out and more discretion in this important offense, the by-
23 Africans were reported dead 'aws wcrc revised by erasing the penalties and sug-
Wcdnesday in Northern Rhodesia. SestinS a minimum fine of $100. In addition to this.
various tnings nave nccn done to curd wnat hazing
still exists. Only a concentrated effort on the part
of the fraternities, through the IFC, can this be
completely done; great iieadway has already been
as rioters were ruthlessly sur
pressed. A bill to make Hawaii the 50th
state was reported unanimously
favorable by the Cammittce on In
terior and Insular Affairs in the
Last fall, a committee was set up under the Vice-
Senate. The chances for passage President of the IFC to coordinate the social chair-
Mills continue to strike.
Violence broke out eiue again
as an ugly-tempere I crowd of
some 201) persns f M ined a gantlet
outside the struck South Henderson
textile mill Tuesday. The crowd be
came a howling mob when a wo-k-er
brandished a pi-tol.
The mob stoned several cars
and breke a win'o.v from a S'ale
Iligli.vay Patrol car.
The crisis occurrel at the end
of the vvotk shiK. This was the be
ginning of Hie third ueA of lim
ited operations of the mills, struck
for 1( weeks.
The crowd let the first three
cars of workers emerge from the
plant through jeers. They met the
fourth wilh a oily of rocks and
On signal, a dozen highway pa
trol cars glided swiltly to the
plant gates, seven from one direc
tion, five trom another.
The crowd, slutting defiance, fan
i.ed out. About 20 patrolmen and
efiieers formed i line', lacing the
Aiiout I'OO varus awhy, a work
er's car stopped Someone houled,
"He pulled a gun.', TlKsmob
rushed the car, but the worker
One officer siuit by '''thought he
heard a shot 'anil J the din. but he
couldn't be sure. No oQe was hurt.
Several car windows were brok-
en and three policemen were hit
by rocks bouncing off the cars.
The most serious injury was a
bruised .rm suffered by one po
liceman. Turning to things a bit higher
than strikes, we see that the Unit
ei States has added another
planet to outer space. America's
Pioneer IV lunar probe has passed
the moon and is moving into a
permaneil orbit around the sun,
scientists said Wedncday.
Dr. Hnver J. Stewart, chief of
planning for national Aeronau
tic and space Administration, said
the tiny man-made planet set off
from Cape Caneveral, Florida
of the bill appeared good.
The First Duty Of A University Professor
I am deeply disturbed by th
underlying assumptions of the A;l
isory Budget Commissions rec
ommendations concerning the Uni
versity at Chapel Hill. I refer to
two ideas made explicit in the
recommendations: 1 the faculty
at Chapel Hill has a Mow work
load' and therefore can take care
of the anticipated increase in en
rollment without additional aca
demic personnel; and 2 "the
State has a right to expect that
the first duty of the teacher is to
teach." Sec Vol. I. p. xii.
It is the lattei assumption that
is basic: the former derives from
it. No one acquainted with what
goes on in Chapel Hill would think
that our work load is light. He
would know of the long hours
'often midnight hours) spent in
keeping up with the extensive and
rapidly increasing quantity of new
literature in one's field; in con
tinually trying out and experiment
ing with new pedogogical devices;
in doing research and writing arti
cles, monographs and books at the
growing edge of knowledge; in
serious, critical, searching discus
sion of problems in one's area with
NSht Editor NANCY COMBES
one's colleagues; in keeping
contact with others of one's pro
fession and their as yet unpub
lished work and findings; in keep
ing up with educational develop
ments in one's area in other in
stitutions; in working with grad
uate and undergraduate students
informally; in directing their re
search and writing; in counselling
them about their academic, voca
tional and personal problems; in
serving on committees and boards
concerned with the life and poli
cies of the University and the
problems of the faculty and stu
dents; in serving the community,
state and nation in various ways
in which only the specialist can;
in teaching classes and grading
papers; and in many other things
all of which go into the making
of a university and contributes to
and enriches the education of her
students and the life of the state
and nation no.v and for years to
The idea that the faculty lias a
low work load can only derive
from those who think ol the uni
versity professor solely as a teach
er an J ol his w ork in terms of
the number of hours he spends in
the classroom per week. So it is
the assumption that it is the pri
mary duty of the university pro
fessor to teach that needs to be
The high school teacher can
spend twenty hours per week in
classroom teaching because the
subject matter be is teaching is
fairly cut-and-dried. He can rely
upon textbooks to a considerable
extent. His primary duty is to
teach. Unfortunately it is often the
case that college teaching is sim
ply an extension of high school
teaching. It can hardly be other
wise when the college professor
i.'. required to teach fifteen hours
per week. I know, for I have done
it. The students and the society
are the one, wlio pay the greatest
price for this kind of false econ
omy. Their professors cannot be
completely wrapped up in their
subject-matter with an inquiring
spirit, actively probing for new
advances. How then can their stu
dents be challenged and inspired
by the intellectual enterprise?
More often than not the "canned"
material they are given is twen
ty to thirty years behind the
times, because their professors
simply cannot keep up with the
new advances in their fields. The
best undergraduate colleges in this
country require their professors to
teach in the classroom only nine
hours per week. But the case with
a university is far more serious.
The university is educating profes
sional researchers, university and
college professors, and professional
people of all types as well as pro
viding a college education for un
dergraduates. If the professors arc
required to teach twelve hours in
the classroom and to work with
large numbers of undergraduate
students, they will have time and
energy to do little, if anything, in
the way of pioneering at the fron
tiers of their fields: they will not
be a'u.c to Keep fully abreast with
what others are doing; their grad
uate students will suffer and even
begin their careers with an al
ready obsolete education; in turn
when they become college teach
ers their studenis education will
suffer from a compounded defi
ciency; and from these undercdu
caled pec pie will come high school
teachers who will pass on their
deficits to a still later generation:
and so the society pays at many
levels and at many times for this
false assumption and the false
economy based on it .
A university is primarily a com
munity of scholars engaged in ad
vancing the scope of the human
mind and refining its thought and
sensibility in all areas of human
concern end in training a new gen
eration of scholars to join them
and to continue their work. It is
proper that an undergraduate col
lege should be part of a univer
sity; for in such a community the
undergraduate is not merely taught
from the storehouse of "canned"
knowledge, but he becomes ac
quainted w ith and perhaps excited
and inspired by his contacts with
creative, searching minds working
at the frontiers of learning.
It is absurd to think that we can
have an educational system all
the way from the elementary
school to the university staffed
with people whose primary duty
is to teach and to demand from
men of the various fraternities. This was done in
England's Prime Minister Harold ordcr to crcatc soother and more satisfactory
MacMillan announced his intention transactions between the ciaf chairmen and the
of visiting the United States and Wudcnt Affa,rs 0fflcc in moving social functions.
President Eisenhower March 20. Realizing the gambling had reached preposterous
The visit in all probability would proportions at this university, the IFC took a stand
be concerned with mutual prob- with the Intcrdormiiory Council and the Student
lems relating to the Berlin crisis. Council in backing the state and university policy
A U. S.-Pakistani anti-aggression prohibiting this. The satisfactory results on our
treaty touched off a furor in India, campus are evident.
when Indian communist represen- Trr, ... . . A
, A. , . . t, L. . The Ir C succeded in passing an important motion
ta tves brought up the question o lMs y -ar which ig finaJy acceptablc tQ ccnc(?rn
vncther the treat was aimed at cd Altnougn it requircd a dcal of tmr and
Inli-- energy, thi.s u something which was greatly need
Pakistani spokesmen replied that ed; I feel that the right dc?ion has been reached,
the treaty was aimed at all aggres- Due to the fact that placing a "stop" on university
sors whether it be the communists, diplomas for failure to pay fraternity bills will not
the Indians, or the forces of Kash- stand up in court, the following bill was passed:
"Tt -i a c 4 i 4 a "(1) AH fraternities which utilize the sen-ices of'
Uni ed States spokesmen pointed thc Studcnt AcUvUics .
out that the treaty applied only mond Qn May 15 Q cach ycaf &
to communist aggression. members owing in excess of $30 to the fraternity. '
(It is assumed that all possible efforts have been i
made by the fraternity treasurer to collect these ac- .
counts.) The list will be made out in triplicate on !
a standardized form to be drawn up by the Auditor
of the Student Activities Fund. The fraternity trea- '
surer will keep one copy of this form.
them all a full work load of class
room teaching. It is like expecting
all the people involved in the food
industry to be retail grocermen.
How long would the food industry
function without farmers and food
procesers! But the farmer does
not have a light work load simply
because he spends very little time
in retailing his products.
It it as aosurd to expect a uni
versity faculty to train others to
advance human knowledge with
out themselves being actively en
gaged in pioneering work as it is
to expect professors of medical
schools to train physicians with
out themselves being actively en
gaged in medical work.
We have a great university at
Chapel Hill. It is the best invest
ment this state has ever made. It
is largely underwritten by the
faculty itself in terms of low sal
aries and long hours of work. This
is unfair. It deserves to be streng
thened and better supported. The
underlying thinking of the Advisory
Budget Commision, if it should
prevail, would destroy it as a true
university and the state and na
tion would suffer for generations to
E. M. ADAMS
& I:- ('"' ..7..-: K
J' ' ?
4 ' 1 '
tt ji: .: 1 1 d;: it; -SIM it-'i .
I ' ' ! d; i
(2) The Student Activities Fund Auditor, upon '
receipt of the two remaining copies, will forward
to thc office of thc Assistant Dean of Sudent Alfairs
one copy of this form.
(3) A standardized form letter will be sent im- '
mediately to the parents of all students reported to
this office requesting that some arrangements be
made to pay the bills.
(4) Unless some word is received from the pa
rents by June 1, a notation will be placed in the
student's permanent file in thc Central Office of
(5) When the bill is ultimately paid, Mr. Dod
mond will automatically be cognizant of it and will
notify the Office of the Assistant Dean of Student
Affairs, which can in turn remove the notation from
the student's permanent file."
This is merely a service to the fraternities that
may be used or not. Ed Moore is to be highly com
mended for his work on this.
Last spring, when the Campus Chest was unable
to reach its desired amount, the IFC contributed a
check for $100, pushing thc drive to $2003 and thus
bettering its goal by $5.00. In conjunction with the
Pan-Hellenic Council, a charity concert featuring
Ralph Marterie and his orchestra was held. The
proceeds, netting $500, went to the Negro Recrea
tion Center here in Chapel Hill. It was decided to .
discontinue this concert after last year due to the
lack of general student support and interest. Even
though thc fraternities and sororities had agreed
to an assessment of i.ekets, it was felt that contri-
buting to chariy in this manner wasn't in thc right '
spirit. At the preset time, the IFC, toegthcr with .
the Pan-Hellenic Council, is sponsoring a blood '
drive among the fraternity and sorority members
to make it possible for thc hospital to perform
heart operations on children.
It was decided last fall to allow thc Journalism
fraternity, Sigma Delta Chi, to publish thc IFC hand
book for the coming rush season. By doing this,
Sigma Delta Chi will have a worthwhile project,
and certainly the IFC will benefit by having what
promises to be a better handbook.
Through the kind efforts of Mr. Howard Henry,
the IFC has recently acquired office space in the
basement of Smith dormitory. This is somcthinj .
which has long been needed.
(To B Continued)
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