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VOLUME LXVIII, NO. 47
Complete UPi Wire Service
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 195?
Offices in Graham Memorial
FOUR PAGES THIS ISSUE
(C rl3 H 6ifi
r 1 1 II 11
AlcL s becunf y . o
'Father Of A-Bom
ly MARY A LICK KOWLETTE
'Third of a scrips on J. Robert
Oppenheimer who will deliver the
McNair lecture at 8 tonight in Me
on trial, both as to procedures and velopment of the H-bomb as ,ex- lowing reasons f(r recornmen
us to substance," the letter stated, pressed in 1949 were widely known a-h
"Thoughtful Americans find them-
presscd in 1949 were widely
among scientists," stated the let-
selves uneasy about those policies ter, "And since he did not make it :
1. Dr. Oppenheimer's "continu-
which must be taken in the inter
ests of national security, and which
Tt, t... 1 c r i
...l .u.n ocvu.uy noa.u at the sam0 lime a threat to an adverse effect on recruitment of
"l'l"lm "? 'y io examine mIr iHo1); it rnntin.u,A
ins conduct and associations have
known that he had abandoned these refiected a serious diregard for
views, his attitude undoubtly had fhi r(,nilirpmnnt(: nf tho CPf1iritv
tlie case against Dr. J. Robert Op
penheimer and decide if his se
curity clearance should be drop
The three man board wits head
e 1 by Gordon Gray, former Sec
retary of the Army ami at that
time, president of the University had associated with various Com
of North Carolina.
scientists and the progress of the
scientific effort in this field."
In short, the letter said that if
Oppenheimer had been more en
thuiastic, the H-bomb would have
A ti Onnenhpimer's Communist
1. They decided that Oppenheimer Connections lhe Gray-Morgan let-
ter stated, "There remains little
Althuogh Evans disagreed with
the final recommendation of the
board, all three members agreed
on the following points of the
2. They felt he was "susceptible
3. His conduct in the matter of
the hydrogen bomb raised a doubt
as to whether his future participa
tion in similiar situations would be
to the best interests of security.
4. They stated that he had been
The other board members were ey to them
munist causes and had given mon- doubt that from ljjte im Qr early ..Iess than candkr -n testimony
1937 to probably April of 1942, Dr. before the Board.
Thomas A. Morgan, former head .2. They decided that he had 0DDenhcimcr was deeDiv involved
of Sperry Corporation, and Ward courted one Communist and that witn many people wno were ac.
v. Evans, a chemistry professor me woman ne married in isnu was tiveJy communistic."
at l-oyola University in Chicago.
This board heard over 40 wit
nesses ni compiled more than
."tOOO pages of testimony .
In a letter to K. D. Nichols, gen-
3. They decided that his brother,
Frank, and Frank's wife were mem
bers of the Communist Party.
4. They decided that he was re-
rral mannger of the Atomic Kn- sponsible for hiring two scientists
crgy Commission, May 27, 1934. at the Los Alamos atomic project
Gray and Morgan, gave their ma- who were ex-Communists or "fel-
jrity decision. Attached to the let- lew travelers."
ter was a minority reporl by Evans. 5. They decided that he exer-
"We are acutely aware that in cised great influence in obstructing
a very real sense this case puts the construction of the hydrogen bomb,
f-ecurity system of the United States "His views in opposition to the de-
However the letter went on to
say that there is "no evidence that
he was a member in the strict
sense of the word, but an active
"We feel that Dr. Oppenheimer
is convinced that the earlier in
volvements were serious errors and
today would consider them an in- made the final decision on the Op
dication of disloyalty. The conclu- penheimer case. Lewis L. Strauss
sion of the board is that Dr. Oppen- was chairman. After considering
"There can be no tampering
with the national security, which
in times of peril must be absol
ute, and without concessions for
reasons of admiration, gratitude,
reward, sympathy or charity.
Any doubts whatsoever must be
resolved in favor of the national
security," the letter stated.
The Atomic Energy Commission
Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer will
deliver the anual McNair Lecture
tonight at 8 p.m. in Memorial Hall
"Some Reflections on Science
land Culture" is the subject of Dr.
Oppenheimer's lecture which will
be open to the public.
Dr. Oppenheimer, former chair
man of the general advisory com
mittee of the Atomic Energy Com
mission, is now professor of phy
sics and a director of the Institute
for Advanced Study at Princeton,
The McNair Lectureship on
Science and Religion was founded
by the Rev. John Calvin McNair
of the class of 1849.
The first lecture wsa delivered
The object of the annual series
is "to show the mutual bearing
of science and theology upon each
other and to prove the existence
and attributes, as far as they may
be, of God from nature."
Gray Commends Fuller
ADELAIDE B. CROMARTIE
The Legislative process used to
present an amendment to restruc
ture Honor Councils was declared
unconstitutional last Thursday
night by the Student Council.
As a result, there will be no
campus-wide vote Nov. 17 on the
amendment, according to Jey Dei
fell, elections board chairman.
He said that elections board bas
ed its decision on the Student
"I" feel the decision of the Stu
dent Council was valid," stated
Charlie Gray, student body presi- posed change in itself but merely
Student Party Declares
Principles For Election
In view of elections rcxt week, the students- all the students are
lhe Student Party presented their j the final judpes of what actions stu
statement Wednesday. dent government should take.
The Student Party has made' The party has taken action to
"efforts to extend full justice and maintain the jury system and make
voice in government to all students juries open to all students. It has
regardless of class, residence or supported measures to make the
political persuasion." Honor Council ' and Student Council
It maintains the principle that I fairer and more representative
heimer is a loyal citizen.
"The Board has been conscious
! of the atmosphere of the time in
which Dr. Oppenheimer's clear
cut Communist affiliations oc
curred," stated the letter.
The board voted 2-1 to recom- recommendation
mend that Dr. Oppenheimer's se
curity clearance be removed. Ward
V. Evans was the minority.
Gray and Morgan gave the fol-
the transcripts of hearings before
the Gray Board, the briefs of Dr.
Oppenheimer's counsel and the
findings and recommendations of
General Manager Nichols, the AEC
voted 4-1 to uphold the Gray Board
Dean Of Women Office
Buildings Speech Today
"Historical Buildings on the UNC
Campus" will be the topic of Dr.
Paul Wager's speech for the In
Service Training program today in
Hanes Hall. 4 p.m.
The second in a series of train
ing programs, the lecture is spon
sored by the office of the Dean of
Women for dormitory hostesses, sor
ority housemothers, graduate coun
selors and others interested in the
area fo student life and welfare.
Dr. Wager will trace the evolu
tion of the campus describing the
original plan and the development
of new quadrangles.
Concerning the coming election
of class officers, SP says it has
"put forward candidates who rep
resent the ideals of the Student
Party, but in keeping with our prin
ciples of independent action and in
itiative, we leave it to the individ
ual candidates to make their own
proposals to their electorate."
Candidates will not be "mere
rubber stamps" of the party, but
will "run on their own merits."
Party Chairman Dewey Sheffield
announced Wednesday the opening
of Student Party campaign head
quarters in Roland Parker Ifl,
Graham Memorial 1-11 p.m. Monday-Friday.
During these hours party candi
dates may come in and discuss
plans, and party officers will be
present to talk over party policy.
Sheffield also invited any interested
persons to visit the headquarters.
Dissenting was Henry DeWolf
Smith who said, "In these times,
failure to employ a man of great
talents may impair the strength
and power of this country. Yet I
would accept this loss if I doubted
the loyalty of Dr. Oppenheimer or
his ability to hold his tongue. I
have no such doubts."
. UP Platform Declared
Class councils and class social
programs are the main points in
the University Party's five-plank
S platform formulated by the party
executive board Tuesday afternoon
UP Chairman Hank Patterson
announced that the party feels , a
council for every class would act
as a student sounding board for
individual expression and partici
Patterson pointed to the success
of the freshman class council las
year to support this action.
The UP also feels that social
functions such as a jazz festival.
concert-andMance weekends and
individual class days would
benefit the student body.
The remaining three planks of
the platform deal with class lead
ership, class organization and a
class scholarship program.'
the way it was presented."
"The amendment," said Jim
Crownover, presidential assistant,
"was presented in the form of a
motion which is not binding action,
as is a bill. A bill passed by Leg
islature which calls for a referen
dum of the student body on a con
stitutional amendment according
to Legislature by-laws calls for a
two-thirds vote of that body. Such
a majority was not obtained. Thus,
for the Legislature's move to be
a binding one, it should be intro
duced in bill form and passed by
a two-thirds majority."
Gray added that he hoped any
further Honor System changes
would be .giver, to Judicial Review
Committee, and if not incorporated
there, "then the Honor Council Re
vision Bill from the Committee can
be amended on the floor of the
Commenting on the amendment,
Dpwpv SheffipIH Stnripnf Pai-lw
"We haven't had a rash of car , only one auto stolen this year on j Ieader am Qf on
that the proposed constitutional
dent, "and Chairman Erwin Fuller
should be commended.
"He has been unduly criticized
by people who do not know the
entire facts of the case.
"The action of the Student Coun
cil stopped what I consider an ir
responsible move by the Student
Legislature. Presenting to the
campus and wide sweeping change
without detailed discussion in a
committee first is a dangerous pre
cedent to start.
"I am not condemning the pro-
Student Car Commission
Issues Statement About
Auto Theft Protection
thefts this year, but students should j campus," Randall continued.
And so the man who had for 11
years known most of the top se
crets of the United States govern
ment and indeed, had made some
of those secrets himself, was de
prived of his security clearance.
And the American public read about
it and heard about it and all form
ed an opinion as to whether J. Rob
ert Oppenheimer was "devil" or
TB Association Begins
Of UNC Press
Brock Bower, former editor of
the University of North Carolina
Press, is author of a new comedy
"A Little To The Left" which wdl
be presented by The Carolina Play
makers Nov. 18 22.
The play is a satirical comedy
about a ficticious revolution in
Central America. The tropical com
edy involves Harvard sophomores,
a banana company tycoon, a female
war correspondent, fraudulent a
political theorist, and English butt
er type and some unlike Castro
revolutionaries in an affair more
complicated than a real revolution.
Bower is presently working un
der a $5,000 grant from the Colum
bia, Broadcasting System. He is
writing scripts for Playhouse 90
and is working with network pro
ducers and program executives in
backstage program preparation.
Bower was graduated from Da"t
moiith College and was a Rhodes
Scholar at Oxford University. Pre
vious positions include reader for
the Viking press, editorial assistant
for This Week magazine, informa
tion specialist for the United States
Armv and, most recently, editor of
the University of North Carolina
He Was a special student in the
Department of Dramatic Art last
Tickets go on sale to the pub
lic Nov. 12 at Ledbeter-Pickard
and at 214 Abernethy Hall.
The Chapel Hill-Carrboro Tuber
culosis Association will conrnence
its annual sale of Christmas seals
within the next few days.
Seals will be mailed to all resi
dents of this area.
University students will be con
tacted following the Thanksgiving
One of the many projects carried
out by the local association during
the past year was the donation of
autoclave to Gravely Sanatorium
here at N. C. Memorial Hospital.
Gravely is a sanatorium for the
treatment of 'tuberculosis.
"The need for the sterlizer was
indeed great." Dr. H. M. Vandevi
ere, director of the laboratory at
Gravely said. "Even as a garden
needs to have all extraneous plants
removed for effective horticulture,
so a TB laboratory research facil
ity must nave all extraneous germs
removed to find the causes and
cures of tuberculosis."
The sterilizer is in essence a
large pressure cooker. By apply
ing pressure, the heat is raised suf
ficiently to kill germs on any item
that needs sterilizing.
Maid Of Cotton Entries
Must File Before Dec. 1
UNC coeds interested in apply
ing for the 22nd annual Maid of
Cotton contest must file their ap
plications at the Dean of Women's
office in South Building on or be
fore Dec. 1.
Each applicant must be a native
of a cotton-producing state, never
married, between 19 and 25, and
at least five feet, five inches tall
To Meet Friday
The N. C. chapter of The United
World Federalists Inc., will have
an organizational meeting Friday,
6 p.m. in Lenoir Hall.
Dean Henry Brandis of the Law
School is chairman of the exec
tive council. A national organiza
tion, the Federalists seek to build
the strength of the United Nations
by having more political power
assigned to it.
y Federalists assert that the goal
of world peace can be aided by
amending the present U.N. charter
to relate it to the International
Court of Justice.
remember that this is an especial
ly vunerable area.'.'
This reminder was issued Wed
nesday by John Randall, chairman
of the Student Motor Vehicles Ad
visory Commission, as he com
mented on a statement just re
leased by a national automobile
The statement quoted the Na
tional Automobile Theft Bureau as
saying that "owner carelessness
tops every list of factors contribut
ing to car theft, with keys left in
the ignition making many of these
thefts ridiculously easy."
"So far as I know there has been
"We've kept a look-out for it, but
haven't been able to locate yet."
The chairman urged students to
avoid leaving cars parked for long
periods of time without checking
on them. He noted that a neglected
car attracts attention and is a
temptation to would be thieves.
"Some car owners park their
vehicles and never see them frora
one day to the next," Randall ob
served. "'Those who use the Bell
Tower parking lot should exer
cise special care because of its
distance from the rest of the campus."
Elections Board Limits
Expense Account To $15
For All Candidates
amendment to elect the judicial
councils from districts will be sub-'
mitted to the student body for it?
consideration in the general elec
tion to be Nov. 17.
"The decision of the Student
Council was an advisory position,
and as the Legislature has direct
ed the elections board to submit
this amendment to the voters; I
feel that it is the duty and obli
gation of the elections board to
do the same; any action to the
contrary by the elections board
would be a direct disregard of
their duties and obligations; as
well as a violation of their pow
ers." Hank Patterson, chairman of
University Party, declined to com
The $15 expense account of can
didates running in the Nov. 17 elec-
Studfnts in the infirmary Wed
nesday included the following:
Sally Joyner, Jeanne Whiting,
Robert Creighton, Julian Brad
ley, Cowles Liipfert, Joseph
Hoard, Ronald Pennington, Rob
ert Camp, William Aiken, Wil
liam Ball and John Tayloe.
lion must cover purchases of tacks,
posters and staples, according to
Jey Dcifell, Elections Board chairman.
He referred to the elections law
which states that payment for all
equipment used in presenting a
campaign should be charged to
This is the last announcement
that absentee ballots may be ob
tained by submitting a request to
Jay Deifell, Beta House.
Addresses The Faculty
Of School Of Education
Activity Charts Compiled
Activity charts have been com
piled by Carolina Women's Coun
cil. These charts contain information
about the various organizations on
campus in which coeds may par
ticipate. Among the data included are re
quirements for membership, time
and place of meetings, time of year
for joining and chairman.
boronty girls and town women
may pick up these charts at the
information desk in Graham Mem
orial. CWC representatives have
distributed them in the owmen's
'Teaching has become such a com
plex job that more specialization,
even among elementary school
teachers, may be a necesity in the
future, a National Education Assn.
official told an Education Week con
vocation here Tuesday.
Dr. Robert W. Eaves, executive
secretary of the NEA's 'Department
of Elementary School Principals,
addressed students and faculty in
the School of Education.
The shortage of school personnel
cannot be solved for another 10
years, he pointed out, but .better
conditions for teaching and more
favorable equipment and materials
will be available in the future. .
"Improvement of educational
leadership is creating more a fav
orable environment for teachers,"
Dr. Eaves" said. "Better working
conditions, especially a decrease in
class size, will come about grad
ually, allowing improvement of in
dividual instruction and helping
each child to reach his full poten
The Rutherford County native,
who graduated from UNC in 1928
told the prospective teachers: "You
will be teaching in a more exciting
age than did we who began our ca
reers several decades ago."
"Teaching today offers a greater
challenge than in the past," he con
tinued. "It requires more under
standing, skill, energy and work."
Dr. Eaves emphasized the need
for all teachers being real students
of society and of human behavior,
and being competent in every way.
"To attain professional competence
you must have the desire to contri
bute to human understanding, de
velopment and a better life; how
ever, the desire to do good is not a
substitute for competence."
As an example of a teacher's
problems today, Dr. Eaves said
that there , are no up-to-date sci
ence or geography books available.
"They are all antiquated." he said.
"This iS a major problem, keeping
information up-to-date fpr young
The reward for teaching will
come "in terms of successful
change that you ' recognize in peo
ple you teach," Dr. Eaves told the
United Nations Seminar Discussed
In YMCA Building Today At 4 p.m.
Students who attended the United
Nations Seminar last week in New
York City will have an evaluation
discussion of the trip this afternoon
at in the "Y."
Volker Berkhahn will lead the
discussion, and all students inter
ested in the forth-coming February
seminar are urged to attend.
The seminar's purpose was to give
college people an opportunity to
talk to delegates of other nations.
The main topic of discussion was
"Disarmament," 'but the group al
so discussed communistic problems
and economic and refugee prob
lems especially as related to Israel
and the United Arab Republic.
On the first day of 'heir four-day
stay, the students met with the first
secretary of the Permanent Soviet
Mission. After an introduction by the
secretary, the group asked ques
tions on disarmament. .
They also talked to United Na
tions representatives from India,
Israel, Egypt, Japan and United
States, and they attended a session
of the General Assembly at which
President ' Touree of Guinea spoke.
Peter Wahl, foreign student from
Vienna, noted the partisan" bias of
the delegates citing the contrast
between "talks by the delegates from
Israel and Arabia.
"The briefings were outstanding,"
said Cynthia Grant, co-chairman of
the U. N. Education Committee.
"We felt that it was a real success.
YWCA Cabinet Hears
Student Minister Speak
Harry Smith, student minister of
the Presbyterian church, spoke to
the YWCA Cabinet Tuesday after
noon on the student "Interracial.
Ecumenical and International" con
ference to be in Athens, Ohio.
Dec. 27-Jan. 2.
Members were urged to attend
the weekly study groups which are
meeting in preparation for this
It was announced that a review
of the recent UN Seminar will be
'his afternoon in Graham Memorial
at 4 p.m. for all those interested
in the program.
It was decided that a breakfast
for all cabinet members will be
n - .. ..a..., 1 i-iniimir m mi inii.rf- -'
CYNTHIA GRANT Co-Chairman of UN Educational com
mittee of Y with Judith Clipper, evaluating the seminar on the
return trip to Chapel Hill after the weekend in New York.
- I"- i i
X- Wv.v -rf---. -M"4e0p
, Start saving your cigarette wTap
pers, the Philip Morris contest is
This year a stero set will be
awarded to the sorority or fratern
ity collecting the largest number
of cigarette packs provided the
correct types are collected.
The correct types are Philip
Morris, Marlboro, Parliament and
The contest started Nov. 4 and
ends Dec. 9, according to Harvey
Salz, campus representative for the
company. The stero set is on dis
play in the Y building.
Alpha Gamma Delta sorority
won a stereo in last year's contest.
5 1 t
G. M. SLATE
MISS ANNE QUEEN, Secretary of Y
Activities scheduled in Grah
am Memorial today include:
SP Headquarters, 1-11 p.m.,
Roland Parker III; UP, 2-5:30
p.m., Roland Parker II; Rules
Committee, 3-4 p.m., Grail; Social
Committee, 3-4 p.m., Roland
Parker I; Foreign Student Board,
4-5 p.m., Woodhouse; Pan Hel, 5
6 p.m., Grail; IDC Honorary,
6:30-7:45 p.m., Woodhouse; CWC,
7-8:30 p.m., Grail; Chess Club, 7
11 p.m., Roland Parker II, Spec
ial Committee, 8-11 p.m., Wood"