North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
. . .
NOV 1 9 I95g
C7 years of dedicated sendee V
a better University, a better state
and a better nation by one of
America's great college papers,
whose motto states, "freedom of
expression is the backbone of an
YAr to partly cloudy. High In
MOV Possible snow I'lunirj.
VOLUME LXVIII, NO. 52
Complete Wire Service
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1959
Offices in Graham Memorial
FOUR PAGES THIS ISSUE
P. ', i "i
Art Is Obtainable'
By SUSAN LEWIS The middle-brow image of man
i. ..,, ,..,..m.. ,.f j.-iii.-ii.,.. ' pictures man as the victim of a
I1 -. 9
an ait a perfection no m;in can
obtain in real life." Leslie A. Ficd- j Fiedler explained the class strug
ler. Carolina Forum speaker, told pie as a contest between the great
a Hill Hall audience here last and powerful and the little nan.
ninht. iThe view of man is that of a strus-
Upcaking on 'The Image of Man
in Contemporary Fiction." the
Montana State English professor
said that the form of the book
shows a moral criticism or com
plete surrender of man.
The noted essayist thought that
I he anti-stylist should be condemn
ed "It is the moral artist who te'l.i
the truth. he said.
gle of man to find out what he is.
The speaker declared Mark
Twain as the father of the modern
novel. In the modern novel the
hero is neither finally comic nor
Fiedler approved of William
Faulkner's "The Sound and The
Fury." terming the book "excel
lent." A brief question and answer per
iod followed the lecture. During
Commenting on Boris Pasternak, this time Fiedler gave his opinion
he said that Pasternak's books are of Salinger as an author,
chiefly "subject to. being bought j Fiedler is considered by many
and not read or being bought ask' las one of our most brilliant and
g - IJ
' t - .
I ill-A .
j iff w -
' Ay! I
"More of the dirty books are con
demned. Fiedler remarked.
He explained that many of (In
most imminent writers are oppos
ed to the liberal tradition.
Fiedler leaves tomorrow after
a three-day visit to Chapel Hill.
Dr. Maurice Natanson. of the
UNC Philosophy Dept., introduced
Sam Gator Is Missing:
Dressed In Green Suit
'A Little To The Lett'
Will Open Tonight
The premiere of the Carolina
Play makers production of "A Lit
tle to the Left" will open tonight
in the Playmakers Theatre at 8:30
The author, Brock Browcr, h
former editor of the University of
North Carolina Press, will be on
the campus during the complete
run of the show.
"A Little to the Left" deals with
a fictitious revolution in a Central
American country. The new come
dy will run through Sunday, Nov.
22. Tickets for tonight, Thursday
and Sunday night performances are
still available from They Playmak
ers Business Office, 214 Aberncthy
Hall and at Ledbetter-I'ickard.
Standing Room only is available for
Friday and Saturday. The box of
fice will open at the Playmakers
Theatre at 7 p.m.
Shown below are Director Thom
as M. Patterson, (left) auth'or Brock
Brower, seated) and set designer
John Sneden as they discuss final
details of the production.
Shown above sre Dave Barringer a net Jim Masters during a
rehearsal for the "CAROLINA FOLLIES", to be presented tomor
row night in Memorial Hall. The annual talent show is sponsored
by the Y-Nite Committee of the YM-YWCA.
Carolina Follies' To Be
Given By YM-YWCA
By EDWARD NEAL RINER
Sam is missing.
Sam has ben missing since Sat
Sam is an alligator.
John Rankin, owner and trainer
6f Sam, reported Sam missing Sun
day morning. Apparently the two-year-old
alligator escaped his tem-
Virginia football game Saturday.
Rankin, who is offering a reward
for Sam's safe return, described
his as follows: dark green, slimy,
scaly skin; two eyes, "one on each
side of his head;" two feet long
and two years old.
Sam is dangerously armed with
razor sharp teeth "all the better
porary home in the Sig Ep fra-! to bite you with," the owner stated.
f w ,r,i
The "Carolina Follies", an an
nual talent show sponsored by the
V-N'ite Committee of the YM
YWCA will be held at 8 p.m. to
morrow in Memorial Hall.
Talent will vary from high brow
to low brow, according to Ed
Crow, co-chairman of the event
Highlights include the Carolina
.Gentlemen; a jazz dance featuring
Edie Davis: the Nick Kearns Com
bo: John Clifford, magician, who,
In his act, will get, out of a strait
jacket and Henry McGinnis, classi
cal concert pianist.
Also on the program will be
monologues, a comedian, a ballad
folk sinigng duet, the UNC Glee
Club and a drumming sequence
featuring a variety of Afro-Cuban
rhythms on bongo and congo drums.
Norman Cordon, former Metropol
itan opera star, will serve as mas
ter of ceremonies.
The show is composed entirely of
campus talent. It is scheduled to
last about two hours, and will be
given in two parts with a ten min
Admission is fifty cents. Tickets
will be on sale that night at the
door, as well as in the YMCA
building prior to tomorrow nighU
ternity house during the Carolina-
IFC To Talk
The Inter-Fraternity Council will
have a meeting for all pledges to
discuss the problems of fraternity
scholarship and to emphasize the
importance of the "two semester"
and the "eight per cent" rules.
The pledges will meet at Mem
orial Hall on Monday night. Pledge
masters will accompany the
pledges. IFC President Ashe Ex urn
and Assistant to the Dean of Stu
dent Affairs Ray Jefferies will
Other business at the IFC meet
ing Monday night included a dis
cussion of "Foreign Student Aware
ness Week." The members of the
council were instructed to discuss
in their chapters, the possibility of
having a foreign student visit the
house for a meal during the week
of Nov. 30 - Dec. 1.
However, he (the alligator, Alii for
short) can be friendly at times and
playfully snap at one's fingers.
The escape route is estimated to
have been from the box, out the
back door of the house, through
the parking lot and into the un
known. A native of Florida, Sam has
been a resident of Chapel Hill for
about two weeks. Although he has
been well fed a pound of steal
a day and gently cared for, Rank
in declares that he (Alii) might
have been homesick.
Anyone finding Sam or know
ing of his whereabouts may con
tact John Rankin at the Sig Ep
Students in the infirmary yes
terday included: Theresa Gumin
ski, Patricia Crawford, Sally Joy
ner, Nancy Wills, Jan Moffet, Hen
ry Fisher, William Berryhill, Phil
ip Davis, John Reeder, Archibald
Williams, John Mitchell, Allene
Bagget, Cowlcs Liipfert, Inez Cone
sent, Marion Dorton, Wayne Kerf
By HARVE HARRIS
No definite trends in campus vot
ing in yesterday's student govern
ment balloting are showing as this
goes to press.
With the exception of a few of
the positions in class officerships.
the Student Party appeared to have
a narrow margin over the Univers
However, totals were available
for only six districts as this was
written. It was felt by many ob
servers at the vole counting at
Graham Memorial that because
these districts for the most part
represented dormitories that might
account for the SP's slight lead.
R. Y. Fulk lead his opponents by
a wide margin in the race for a
seat on the Men's Honor Council
at this writing. With a total of
something over 200 favorable bal
lots, Fulk was in front of his near
est competitor. Warren Bass.
The constitutional amendment
which was kept off the ballot by
Student Council action was put back
on the ballot yesterday by Student
In a surprise write-in action many
students expressed their desire to
have the Constitution amended to
call for the election of Student Coun
cil, Men's Council and WVmen's
Ccuncil members by district.
The write in's took various forms,
some were written on the bottom
of Honor Council ballots, and some
were done on seperate sheets of pa
per. There had been no organized
campaign in favor of this action.
G. M. SLATE
Activities scheduled in Graham
Memorial today include: Publica
tions Board, 2-4 p.m., Woodhonse;
Carolina Handbook, 3-3:30 p.m.,
Roland Parker II; Rules Com
mittee, 3:30-5 p.m., Grail; For
eign Students Board, 4-5 p.m.,
Woodhouse; G.M.A.B. House Com
mittee, 4:30-5:30 p.m., Roland
Parker III; Tea for Town Girls,
5-6 p.m., T.V. Room; Pan. Hel,
5-6 p.m., Grail Christian Science
Organization, 5-6 p.m., Wood
house; Stray Greeks, 7-8 p.m.,
Woodhouse ; Carolina Women's
Council, 7-8:30 p.m., Grail; Ver
non Norwood's Committee, 7-9
p.m., Roland Parker I; Chess
Club, 7-11 p.m., Roland Parker
III; Special Committee, 9-11 p.m.,
To urn a
Carolina's varsity debate squad
was awarded the first place trophy '
in competition with fifteen other;
Southern universities at Emory
University, (la., this pa.st weekend. ,
The annual Southern Pcachtree
Tournament is the first tourna
ment win in several years for the
Taylor McMillan, Joe Roberts,
Jcffery Lawrence and Mac Arm
strong returned with two trophies
and four awards.
Roberts and Lawrence were un
defeated in the affirmative divis
ion and were awarded a first place
trophy. Carolina took three of the
four awards given with McMillan
winning first place and Roberts
and Armstrong tying for second.
Other schools represented t
the tournaiyent were Georgia Tech,
Tulane, the University of Georgia
and universities from Alabama,
Tennessee and Kentucky.
McMillan, president of the team,
attributed the victory to the su
perb coaching of Dr. O. B. Hardi
son of the English Department.
jThe team was also assisted by Dr.
Donald K. Springen of the speech
The same weekend, another Car-
olina debate squad participated in '
the University of South Carolina
Tournament. John Gillian and Earl
Baker were on the negative side,
and Frank Rosiny and Carroll Rav
er, of the affirmative team, ranked
in the upper ten teams at this
meet. They debated teams from
William and Mary, the Air Force
Academy, Wake Forest, Duke and
On the 5th and 6th of December,
the varsity squad will fly to New
York City where it will face teams
from the northern universities.
This year's national topic for
debate is "Resolved' That Con
gress should be given the power to
reverse decisions of the Supreme
This afternoon the first team
will debate befre the Barristers
Club at 1 p.m. upstairs in Lenoir
Hall. The debate is open to the
public and questions may be di
rected to the debators after the
M. Tf f
f if " ;1
UNC'S winning debate squad is pictured above, from left to right are Jeffrey Lawrence and Jos
eph Roberts, afirmative team; Dr. O. B. Hardison, coach; Taylor AcMi!lan (president) and Mack Arm
strong, negative team.
New Race Laws
WASHINGTON. UP Atty. Gen.
William P. Rogers said today that
as a result of the Mack Charles
Parker lynching in Mississippi "we
are studying the need for some new
criminal action in the civil rights
He told a news conference that
no FBI agents were callel to testi
fy as to who may have lynched
Parker, a 23-year-old Negro, and
"the failure to call witnesses . . .
was as flagrant and calculated a
miscarriage of justice as I know
Rogers was asked if he had in
mind pressing for a federal law
against lynching. He replied "not
necessarily," and added the re
mark about a need for some cri
minal action based on civil rights.
Parker had been arrested last
spring for raping a pregnant white
woman in the presence of her five-year-old
daughter, after her auto
stalled on a highway.
He was jailed in Poplarville,
Miss., but while awaiting trial he
was dragged from his cell and shot
dead by hooded night riders.
The Pearl County Grand Jury
met at Poplarville last week but
did nothing about the case, and
Rogers termed its inaction "a real
travesty on justice." This was the
first time the Grand Jury had met
since Parker was killed.
"The harm in this case is not
confined to Pcplarvil'e." Rogers
i said, "the harm results to the
l United States and cur standing be
I fore the world.
! '"We believe in a government of
j law. not of men. But one or two
tilings like this make it hard for
people elsewhere in the world to
"You hear a lot about states
rights. I believe in states rights, al
so, but I 'also believe in state, responsibility.
A Look At The University-Who, What It Is? Where Does It Go From Her
Hy II'IWAUII WIIKKI.LR
F rst of A Serifs on UNO
relieving it best to state inten
tions firbt. the purpose ,f this rath-J
cr motley series in to objectively
present certain Ijclj alu.ut the
I tmcTMty of which it would bene-!
lit .students to be aware. It is cs-j
ptcii.il vital in such an uixlcrluk- j
ing to examine the University in j
trrm.s of the present namely,
bo's here, how did they get here,
and when will they flunk out and j
the I tit urc 'namely, who's coming.!
how many will conic, and where j
will they .stay, and to include in
this examination whatever sundry j
topics seem pertinent.
In this process, one becomes too .
otten aware that even objectivity
tcp,s on toes, but then maybe those
toe are waiting to b stepped on.
At jtn.v rate, objectivity is con
s.iIeici most important ami editor
ialising will be left to page two and
to him who is incensed.
So much for journalistic pream
hl.ngs. The easiest thin;? to do first js to
take a brief look at some dry but
eye-opening figures. The Consoli
dated University has the highest
enrollment in its history: 7,!).y at
Chapel Hill; over 6.100 at State
College; and over 2.K00 at. the Wom
an's Cillcge - 16, ) students in the
three-fold University. This figure is
expected to reach 23-24,000 by l'Miii
70. Now before losing ourselves
further in a maze of statistics, per
haps it would be wise and appro
priate to quote one of our Leaders,
the Chancellor William B. Aycock,
speaking before a Faculty Club
Luncheon. Sept. 2i). 1939.
"Any serious consideratiin of our
mission in the foreseeable future
must begin with the question of
.size. In 1956 there were 6,971 re
gular students in the University at
Chapel Hill. For the following year
the increase was only sixty-seven.
This Fall, the enrollment i.s 7,959.
which is an increase of nearly one
thousand in the short span of a
"This dramatic growth has oc
: eurred notwithstanding the raising
; of entrance requirements, the frccz
: ing of enrollments in .some of the
professional programs, and the
; turning away of qualified women
i applicants because of a shortage
! ol housing facilities."
So this is all very important and
very serious, and in effect the en
trance requirements? For in-state
applicants they arc a high school
graduation with principal's recom
mendation, class rank, 15 acceptable
academic units, and satisfactory
! scores on SATV and SATM of the
j College Entrance Boards.
I For out of state applicants, the
requirements for admission are the
same, except an interview is asked
when felt necessary and the ten
dency now is to admit from among
the out of state students those with
the best academic records.
! What have been the results this
i Fall in raising these requirements?
Seven percent of the in-state appli
i cent were rejected that is out of
2,073 applicants, 157 were rejected.
-1 Of the out of state students, 22 per
cent were rejected; that is, out of
1,608 applicants, 365 were rejected.
The withdrawal after admission
acceptance is, of course, greater
for cut of state students, for ap
proximately half withdrew from
consideration because of interest
elsewhere and actually 478 out of
state students entered the Univer
sity. Although the University is now
only rejecting seven percent of its
in-state applicants, such a low re
jection percentage will naturally
jr.crease as the University becomes
more selective, an inevitability de
spite the University's idealistic
wishes to afford every state stu
dent an educational opportunity
(provided the student is able to
meet the academic requirements
and competition of the. University
within the availbility of resources).
It also seems that the important
trend in education today is away
from the democratic system. Peo
ple used to say that one year in
the Universityis good for any boy,
that even if he drops out he de
serves the try. But today this is
looked upon as so much education
Is there educational waste in
Chapel Hill? The facts tell us that
20.6 percent of the Freshman Class
that entered in the fall of 1958
dropped out for one reason or an
other. It is no wonder then that
the "keepers of the purse strings"
in the General Assembly are only
willing to provide resourcs for edu
cational opportunity for those who
can profit from a University edu
cation. It then becomes the responsibility
of the University to seek out and
induce those capable and intelli
gent high school students who do
not have the economic wherewithal
to go to college. (The National De
fense Education Act and the Uni
versity loan funds enter here, but
this will be treated separately.)
It has been argued that many
very capable out of state applicants
are rejected simply to give so many
in-state students this "try" at college-
when they weren't college ma
terial to begin with. One opposed
to such an argument can maintain
that it is not leniency in accepting
in-state students since they must
meet the same basic requirements.
Still the fact remains that some
better qualified out of state appli
cants were rejected because of the
limitation on admission of out of
state students. This limitation holds
that only 15 percent of those en
tering the University can be out of
It is true that out of state slu
dents are less likely to be candi
dates for "educational waste" since
they are selected more discreetly.
Proof of this lies in the fact that
although the limit on out of state
entrance is 15 percent, out of state
students comprise more than 26
percent of the student body, so they
are more likely to stick it out to a
degree, a feat which only 45 per
cent of the student body manages.
The question is, as the Univer
sity becomes more and more
I crowded, will admissions crack
I down on the out of state students?
The answer is probably yes, that
is, if enrollment increases as it is
so indicating. Presently the burden
of accepting in-state students in
falling on the University since so
many of the state private institu
tions are limiting their enrollment
to a fixed number.
.Because of financial difficulties,
the availability of teaching staff,
equipment and housing facilities, it
is not surprising that private in
stitutions say, "Wre will not and can
not exceed this number," or "We
can see little or no enrollment in
crease in the future."
In relation to this. Chancellor
Aycock comments, "Conceding that
there is no virtue in bigness per se,
how big is too big? Some people
even now assert that the Univer
sity is too big. Often these are the
same people who insist that their
son or daughter or the son or
daughter of a friend be admitted.
If an optimum size has been es
tablished for various types of in
stitutions, including our own, I am
unaware of it.
"We must not close our doors at
a certain enrollment level on the
basis of speculation or conjecture.'
What, then, are the criteria for es
tablishing a number beyond which
we should not grow? At least two
come to mind. First, are we pro
ducing a surplus of graduates in .
one or more of our programs? The
answer appears to be clearly,
'No.' We need not fear that there,
will be a surplus cf young men and
young women who have spent at
least four years studying a balanced
program in the arts and sciences."
One of the safeguards against
educational waste lies in counsel
ing and guiding the academically
minimal students into smaller four
year institutions or into junior col
leges. This could prove to be an
effective means of directing thesa
people and in minimizing the 20.5
percent who drop out their first
An increase in applications from
both in-state and out of state per
sons will allow the University to
(See UNIVERSITY, Page 3) ;