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The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, February 23, 1961, Page 1, Image 1

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Weather 68 years of dedicated serv ice to a better University, a better state and a better nation by one of America's areat college -pavers, whose Scattered showers, warm ing trend. motto states, "freedom oJ expression is the baccocme o an academic community." Volume LXIX, No. 105 Complete (UPI) Wire Service CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1961 Offices in Graham Memorial Six Pages This Issue i P. Kennedy World News In Briel By United Press International & x J. K. Javits JAVITS PROPOSES PROGRAM WASHINGTON Sen. Jacob K. Javits, R-N.Y., today pro posed a five-year, $47 million "crash program" to combat ju venile delinquency throughout the nation. Javits announced he was introducing the legislation with Sen. Jennings Randolph, D-Va., as co-sponsor. Javits offered a similar bill last year but it died in the House. HAMMARSKJOLD SUMMONS COMMITTEE UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Secretary General Dag Ham marskjold summoned his advisory committee on the Congo back for another meeting today to decide how to use the broad new powers voted him by the Security Council. His first direct action was expected to be a letter to Bel gium and other countries involved calling on them to recall immediately all military and para-military personnel, mercen ary troops and political advisers in the Congo - not under the United Nations command. ENGINEERS CALL FOR MEETING WASHINGTON Striking flight engineers called today for another meeting with government officials before deciding whether or not to end the most crippling walk in U. S. aviation history. The engineers polled their individual chapters throughout the night to decide whether to heed Labor Secretary Arthur J. Goldberg's appeal to halt the strike while a special com mission named by President Kennedy investigates causes of the walkout. Results of the poll were to have been announced at 10 a.m., but 30 minutes before the announcement was to be made, a spokesman for the union said it was "impossible" to make it on time. . French Civilization Series Starts Wtodziy An illustrated discussion of "The Romantics and Ro manticism" held tomorrow in the Ackland Art Center at 4:30 p.m. will begin the second part of the lecture series sponsored jointly by the Art Department and the Depart ment of Romance Languages. Prepared by the Cultural History Research, Inc. of New York, the sessions on "French Civilization as Re ntegratiom Meeting Friday fleeted in the Arts" attempt to trace the main currents of French cultural and historical development through a com parison of the arts and the his tory o f various periods in France. Colored slides accompany the lectures, which are taped com mentaries by leading French cultural authorities. Open io Public Open to the public, the rest of the series will include, "Real ism and Its Time," March 2; "Life and Arts under the Second Empire," March 9; "Impres sionists and Their Time," March 16; and "Cezanne, Van Gogh and Gauguin," March 23. April sessions concentrate on "The Neo-Impressionists, the Nabis and Their Time," April 6; "The Fauves and Their Time," April 13; and "The Cubists and Their Time," April 20. Final sessions are "The Sur realists and Their Time," April 27, and "Non-Objective Art," May 2. USE NO ADS HAVANA (UPI) Havana's CMQ television network had no commercials on its program Wednesday as an "experiment to test public reaction." The government-owned network is the island's largest. The Citizens Committee for "Open" Movies will pre sent results from its negotiations with the local theatre managers at a mass meeting open to the public on Frir day, 8 p.m. at St. Joseph's Methodist Church on W. Rose mary Street. ..-- Representatives of the Committee will visit managers of the Carolina and Varsity Theaters on Thursday to present them with evidence of desires for integration, and to offer assistance in making a change in policy. Answers to these proposals will be taken to the mass meeting Friday. Committee Makes Original requests for the in tegration of theaters was made by the Citizens Committee on January ISth, and refused by the managers of both theaters. The Carolina Theatre mana ger stated that his decision was not' irrevocable, and he would be willing to talk with members of the Committee at some fu ture date if they desired. . The Varsity Theatre manager indicated he was not respon sible for a decision, but would be willing to confer again. Picketing Resumed Picketing of both theaters was resumed on Monday, Feb ruary 6 and has continued. The Committee reports approxi mately 140 pickcters of both races have volunteered. Since picketing began again the Citizens Committee claims to have received numerous ex pressions of support of integra tion. Included in the support were requests of approximately 350 professors in a paid newspaper advertisement, resolutions pass ed by the Baptist Student Union, and a letter signed by Junior High School students of the Community Church. Further support was in the; form of a letter from the Clerk of the Friends' Meeting' in Chapel Hill, a letter from the officers of the Community Church, and letters from 170 students of the Chapel Hill High School requesting a change. . A letter from the officers of the Community Church passing on the request of 159 worship pers in a Sunday morning Brotherhood Service, and a re port from a housewife who can vassed 26 houses in an opinion poll also advocated integration. Voice Of America Show From UNC On Integration A Voice of America radio pro gram dealing with the Southern integration problem (recorded in Chapel Hill several weeks ago) will be beamed across the world early, next week. UNC students Thai Elliott and Walter Dellinger III participat ed in the panel discussion en titled "Listener's Log A Report to Youth." The program will be broad cast to Latin America from 7:30- 8 p. rru Monday. The following short wave bands may be used for recep tion in the Chapel Hill area: KCS 17830 (16.83 meters), 15325 (19.58), ;15290 (19.62, 15200 (19.74) . and 11905 (22.20). k 6 Segregation Dead, 9 Says UN C 's Grigg "The desegregation question is no longer a question of law," said Student Body President David Grigg, Wed nesday afternoon. "It is rather a question of moral re sponsibility." Grigg expressed his agreement essentially with the aims of those practicing picketing and sit-ins, ig&rr: -w but not their means. y "I do not advocate picketing or sit-ins," he UN. Report Fears 16 Prisoners SlioH In Congo Re veil ge ELISABETHVILLE, Katanga (UPI) The United Nations Command said today it had reports that 16 po litical prisoners were shot in Stanleyville Monday in re prisal for the slayings of former Premier Patrice Lu mumba and his followers. A U.N. spokesman said that while he was "fearful for the fate" of the prisoners, he could not confirm the reports that they had been Bishop To Speak Before Religion Classes Monday -The Rt. Rev. StcphenC NeiU will address UNC religion classes of Dr. Bernard Boyd Monday on "Christian and Current Thought." Currently connected with the World Council of Churches, Bishop NeiU is now editor-in-chief of the World Christian Book Series. As an evangelist, Bishop Neill has been most successful in his missions to stuaents. ne was chaplain at Cambridge and has traveled on missions to the Uni ted States, Europe, and other cases. Bishop Neill was a leader in tne creation oi tne cnurcn of South India.. This church is a union of Anglican, Congrega tional, Methodist, Presbyterian, and other denominations. This was the first merger between the three major forms of church polity: congregational, presby terian, and episcopal. stated. "My hope is rather that reasonable men t will come to the front on both sides of this ques tion, and that we will find a peaceful solution to the problem. "Segregation is dead," Grigg continued. "If we (the students) are sincerely concerned with the future of the South, we will do all that we can do to see to it that desegregation comes smooth ly and peacefully." According to Grigg, "If there is anywhere, in the South where desegregation should be able to come without incident, it is in execution of seven Lumumba supporters on tne orders oi yK G-wn4Vi Vicii i-iVvol rVi?o-fc 4 lJUUill iUOUi bXXIwTUA Winv-iUt 1 V',' I sit. ' GRIGG i killed by Lumumbists at Stan leyville's Camp Ketele. The reports said the victims included 10 parliamentarians ? and six army officers, allegedly y liquidated in reprisal for the 4 Chapel Hill, N. C. . "Therefore, we should work to make Chapel Hill a model of smooth, peaceful desegregation for others to follow. Amone those reported shot ' urnro 5en Alnhnnsp Rrm PTkln anrl Gilbert Pongo, former security chief under President Joseph Kasavubu. Katanga President M o i s e Tshombe said meanwhile that his troops will not attack U.N. forces, but he warned people in 15 From Carolina Attendinj UN Model Assembly Today Fifteen Carolina students will form three delegations when the United Nations Model General Assembly convenes this morning at 10 at Duke University. Carolina students will act as USSR, Union of South Africa and Republic of Pana ma. The assembly, which continues through Saturday, will include approximately 32 schools representing 39 countries. Frederick Boland, president of the UN General Assembly and Dr. Arthur Larson, director of the World Rule of Law Center at Duke, will deliver the two major ad dresses- of the assembly his "independent" province to be "prepared for all eventuali ties." The U.N. spokesman said the organization had not taken any special action following Tsh ombe's proclamation Tuesday of a general mobilization, "It is just a statement and we have not officially been in formed of it," the spokesman said. Informed sources said the "mobilization" order, affecting both Negroes and white men in Katanga, was intended to pre vent the United Nations from forcing Belgian technicians out of Tshombe's territory. Any Belgian who is ordered home, these sources said, can reply that the mobilization makes it impossible for him to eave Katanga. ''Ambassador Boland "will spetak tonight at 8: 15 in Page Auditorium and Dr. Larson at 11 a.m. tomorrow. Speeches will be open to the public. Delegation Includes Fred Anderson heads the So viet delegation which includes Walter Dellinger, Jimmy Res ton, Henry Mayer and Carrol Raver. Although Anderson is keeping the Soviet plans confidential, he has announced that the group will "woo" the neutral nations with an informal party Thurs day night. The South African delegation will be headed by Dieter Mahncke, a South African stu dent at Carolina. Four Serve Jim Wagner, Anne Sweeney, Jane Smith and Bob Powell will serve as delegation members with Diane Gates and Sandy Hoffman as alternates. Al JVIattlins will head the Panamanian delegation consist ing of Carol Krapf, Claire Stod dard, Sam Jackson and Kay Slaughter. Anne Queen, YWCA adviser, will accompany the group. Each delegate will serve on one of five committees in which the issues of the assembly will be discussed. Committees and issues are as follows: Issues Include Legal control of outer space and use of air and national sovereignty; social, humani tarian, and cultural race rela tions in Union of South Africa, self-determination and non-self-governing territories; Political and security status of Berlin and the Algerian crisis; Economic and financial development of the Congo and world refugee problem; Ad hoc World Court jurisdiction and charter revisions. To Write Resolutions After the issues have been discussed the committees will draw up resolutions to present to the assembly in plenary ses sion. To encourage accurate repre sentation of the countries, an award will be presented to the most outstanding delegation. Among the schools participat ing and the nations represented are U. S. Military Academy for France; U. S. Naval Academy, Turkey; Sweet Brier, Mexico; A&T, Tunisia; Madison College in Virginia, Laos; St. Augustine, Pakistan; Uni versity of Virginia, Ireland; Wake Forest, United Arab Re public; U. S. Air Force Acad emy, U.S.A.; University of South Carolina, Dominican Republic. Interviews Set For Handbook's Editor, Manager Interviews for editor and bus iness manager of the Carolina Handbook will be Tuesday, 3-6 p. m. in Graham Memorial. All applicants should come to the Roland Parker I lounge dur ing the interviewing hours. No appointment is necessary. The interviews will be con ducted by the Selections Board of the Publications Board, Chairman Rick Overstreet an nounced. Published by student govern ment each spring, the Carolina Handbook is the guide book dents freshmen and transfers. GIRLS' BAND TO MARCH DUBLIN (UPI) A Dublin girls' pipe band will march down Fifth Avenue in New York's St. Patrick's Day parade for the first time this year. The Emerald Girls' Pipe Band will march behind the 69th Division at the head of the parade. With R A Conversation BY JONATHAN YARDLEY If there is anyone at this University who needs a bigger office, it is Earl Wynn, chairman of the Department of Radio, Television and Motion Pictures. This is evident not merely because Mr. Wynn is a large man who likes to stretch his legs and relax; his tiny cubicle in ancient Swain Hall is filled to the brim with pamphlets, books, framed citations and tape recordings. If he isn't given more room soon, he may be forced to move his headquarters into one of the studios. A visitor to the office is likely to see Mr. Wynn poring over a report on developments in education television, smok ing one of the sixty or seventy cigarettes he demolishes daily. He speaks with fervent devotion of the Communications Center that has been his love since he returned to Chapel Hill in 1946 after an assignment making training films for the Navy. "It suddenly occurred to me when I was making these films," he said, "that the University should have a produc tion media for delivering information to the people of North Carolina. I talked with Billy Carmichael and Sam Selden and Frank Graham when I got . out of the Navy, and their en thusiasm made the Communications Center possible. We called it that because its mission is to carry the University of North Carolina to the people of North Carolina. "This mission is non-academic. It is educational, not only on a secondary and collegiate level but also on an adult level. That's why we carry programs pn WUNC-TV like 'Meet the Press' and 'Chet Huntley Reporting.' We used to be quite a lot stronger in motion pictures than we are now, but then we began to channel those motion picture activities into televi sion. We're on our way back now, and we've done quite well in the past. Here. I'll show you." Mr. Wynn jumped out of his chair and examined the ten various certificates on the wall, most of which cite the work of the Communications Center in different fields. He pointed to one that cited the Center's work in motion pictures. One of the subjects that the enthusiastic, volatile chair- TVMP's Earl Wynn, Carolina Personality O f W eek man gets most excited about is closed circuit teaching, an ex periment he hopes to put into action soon. "I think that a university has a responsibility to experi ment in programming. For that reason, we have an obliga tion to find out what closed circuit teaching can and cannot do. "We would pick out certain of the disciplines whose pro grams seem suited to television and sec, consequently, if we can't teach larger numbers in smaller groups. Just think of the advantages! It occurs to mc that Political Science 41 has a great many sections. It cannot draw on its best faculty for each section, but television can get the best teacher and ask him to teach only that in which he is best; you could have four or five teachers discussing their specialties, and thus get the best teaching available on television. "Yes, we do know that you can teach as well on televi sion if not considerably better. The student gets a clear pic ture of the instructor; he certainly can't get that in a lecture room with three or four hundred other students. Directness of teaching is of extreme importance, and when the teacher looks that lens right in the eye he is looking each student right in the eye. But in the end, of course, it is the quality of instruction that determines the quality of the teaching, and we would demand that." A glimmer of excitement came into Mr. Wynn's eyes as he reached for another cigarette. "I'll tell you something wonderful that's in the wind. The Ford Foundation gave WGBII the Boston educational radio station a grant to investigate whether or not Mego polis (the heavily populated urban area stretching from Bos ton to Norfolk and west) would be interested in a networked FM educational radio system. . "The study was favorable, and now the network has been worked out from Boston to Washington. This week I am going to Lynchburg to discuss with my friend Cile Tur ner the singer and some citizens of that town the possi bility of extending this network to Lynchburg. If they agree to this and I believe they will Chapel Hill can expect to have network service within a year and a half. And if that comes true, we will be able not only to receive programs but also to send them out. "It also seems that within about three years the Ford Foundation plans to multiplex the network. That is, each sta tion would have three channels for educational purposes. So we could broadcast, say, to high school students, to college 'It., ' fit -Jy I -. .v.xv.v. , .-.y. . h. ft RTVMP's Earl Wynn students and to adults all at the same time on different fre quencies. This has great possibilities." As he talked of educational radio and television, Mr. Wynn's enthusiasm was undisguised. On commercial mass media, however, his excitement waned noticeably. "Radio has become much more local than network now: NBC's 'Monitor' is the only national show that is carried everywhere and listened to regularly. You see, what worries me is that radio has become not a property for community service but to be bought and sold solely to earn profit. I don't think many owners have any real feeling for what the FCC calls 'in the public interest, convenience and necessity.' But the FCC is aware of this, and changes will be made. One suggestion is that a new buyer must keep a station for at least three years. That way he cannot be in it just for the quick profit; in three years he can lose a lot of money unless he serves the public. "I mean service in terms of the public's needs . . . it's religious needs, welfare needs, educational needs and enter tainment needs. Radio and television must be entrenched in the community. And I do not think television is meeting its responsibility either. But then I do not believe a lot of these things I hear about violence and so forth in children's shows. "Why when I was a child I read 'Jack and the Beanstalk' and 'Treasure Island' and so forth; those books are loaded with violence! We should face the fact that human beings thrive on violence. But this violence can and must be con trolled. "Very simply, it can be said that commercial radio and television are facing the challenge of educational networks and stations. The challenge is making commercial networks wake up. Why else are we seeing so many good things these days like the plays and news broadcasts and documentaries? And 'The Wizard of Oz.' Did you see that? It was wonder ful! As long as programs like that are being done, there is a great deal of hope for the mass media." I i -t 1 l ; ! I ' ! 1

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