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Campus Reacts In Shock
As Tragic News Spreads
By JOHN GREENBACKER
And JIM NEAL
The first reaction was dis
belief. It was followed by
There were no warning bells
on the UPI wire in the news -paper
office here, as is cus
tomary when big news breaks.
The first knowledge was the
editors's cry, "What's this on
the wire about the President
No one believed he was ser
ious. i According to wire reports,
the same was true all over the
country, and was certainly the
case on the campus and down
town. Students and townpeople, re
turning to work or classes from
a late lunch, heard the news
and flocked to radios, television
sets and wire service tickers
in town and on the campus.
Preparations for the Beat
Dook parade ground to a halt
as the parade was cancelled.
The floats were judged in front
of the gym, then returned to
) the houses and dorms from
which they came.
A personal friend of the dead
President said, "This is a ter
rible tragedy for our nation.
That's all I can say. I'm stun-
ned." The friend was Consoli-
dated President William C. Fri
day, several times a visitor to
the White House.
Chancellor William B. Ay
A cock said classes would be on
scheduled today. Of the cancel
lation of today's football game
with Duke, the Chancellor said,
"This is a time for work and
serious concerns, and not for
As the news spread over the
campus and the town, traffic
gradually slowed and shocked
-"North Carols s f
?t?m4 m door
Published daily except Mondays, examination periods and vacations, throughout the aca
demic year by the Publications Board of the University of North Carolina. Printed by the
Chapel Hill Publishing Company, Inc., 501 West Franklin Street. Chapel Hill. N. C
THE DAILY TAR HEEL Is a subscriber to United Press International and utilizes the
services of the University News Bureau.
President Is Dead'
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people didn't want to comment
on their feelings.
Bells began tolling in South
Building three minutes after the
tofficial confirmation of the
ROTC cadet bands marched a
slow beat through the campus,
horns muted in funeral dirge.
Slowly life on campus and
on the town's sidewalks began
to pick itself up and go on
about its business.
People remembered the Presi
dent's visit to the campus on
University Day, Oct. 12, 1961.
From Kenan Stadium, where
the President spoke that day,
an Air Force cadet's bugle
poured forth the mournful notes
Another ROTC unit, watched
by students surrounding the
quadrangle between South
Building and the Library, went
through the ceremony of low
ering the Flag to half-mast.
The Toronto Exchange stu
dents released a statement:
"At this time of great nation
al tragedy, we, your visitors
and friends, express our sincer
est sympathy. We share your
shock and sorrow.
"We, as must all citizens of
the Western democracies, feel
as a personal loss the regret
table and untimely loss of - a
great statesman and humanitar
ian." The President of the United
States was dead.
Page 1 Photo
By Jim Wallace
Hatlg Wax wl
70 Tears of Editorial Freedom
Offices on the second floor of Graham
Memorial. Telephone number: Editorial,
sports, news 942-3112. Business, cir
calation, advertising 942-213S. Address!
Box 1080, Chapel Hill, N. C.
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Subscription rates: $4.50 per semester;
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Several campus activities were
called to a mournful halt today in
the wake of President Kennedy's
violent assassination in Dallas,
Chancellor William B. Aycock
included in an official state
ment to the University yesterday
the news that though this was a
time of "deep concern," classes
will be held as usual.
Dean of Men William Long said,
"We are strongly recommending
that all fraternities and sorori
ties cancel any social activities
they might have planned out
of respect for President Ken
nedy." The "Beat Dook" Parade,
scheduled for yesterday was im
mediately cancelled at the news
of the President's death. Parade
Chairman Tom Harriss announced
that Miss Johanna Houston of
Delta Delta had been named pa
Watts Carr, president of the
German's Club, announced tha
the Germans Concert, scheduled
for tonight, will not be held. He
requested those who have tic
kets to keep them. Tickets will
be honored for the next Ger
man's presentation on February
6 and 7.
The Carolina Playmaker's per
formance tonight of "Long Day's
Journey Into Night" has been
cancelled according to Dean of
Student Affairs C. O. Cathey.
Whether or not there will be a
performance Sunday has not been
Hillard Caldwell, president of
Citizens United for Racial Equali
ty and Dignity (CURED) has an
nounced that the mass meeting
scheduled for last night had been
postponed until next week.
LYNDON B. JOHNSON
The UNC-Duke football game
has been re-scheduled for Satur
day, Nov. 30 due to the death of
President John F. Kennedy, it
was announced yesterday.
Officials of the two Universi
ties made their decision after a
conference yesterday afternoon.
UNC Chancellor William B. Ay
cock, in announcing the postpone
ment, called today "a time for
work and serious concern, and
not for public entertainment."
Chancellor Aycock, after meet
ing with President William C.
Friday of UNC, President Doug
las M. McKnight of Duke and the
athletic directors of the schools,
Charles P. Erickson and; E. M.
Cameron, said the game; would
be played next Saturday "at 2:00
in Duke Stadium.
The officials apparently decid
ed on that date rather than
Thanksgiving Day, Thursday,
Nov. 28, out of primary consid
eration for the student bodies of
the two schools. :
"We chose Saturday instead
of Thursday with the understand
ing that many students , will
come back from vacation a day
early to see the game," said
Aycock. "We will refund all
money to those who want it
back," he said.
"Whatever tickets we get back
will be issued to students on a
first-come, first-serve basis. But
we don't believe there will be
that many refunds to be of much'
The Germans concert and Play
makers production scheduled for
tonight have been cancelled, but
all University classes will be con-
ducted as usual.
Whether Playmakers will go
ahead as usual on Sunday has
not been decided. "If Sunday is
declared a d a y of National '
Mourning, there will of course be
no entertainment activities," said
DALLAS (UPI) Here is a
chronological breakdown of the
final minutes of President Ken
nedy's life (some times approxi
mated): 11:35 a.m. (CST) Presidential
airplane lands at Dallas Love
11:45 a.m. President Kennedy
motorcade through downtown
Dallas delayed momentarily to
allow the President and
president Lyndon Johnson tn
shake hands with greeters at
11:50 a.m. Motorcade starts
12:16 p.m. Motorcade Teach
es fringe of downtown area.
12:25 p.m. Motorcade moves
through downtown area.
12:28 n.m. Motorcade mows
from downtown toward Dallas
Trade Mart, where President was
12:31 p.m. President and Tex
as Gov. John Connally shot. -
12:38 p.m. President rushed
to Parkland Hospital.
12:40 p.m. Staff surgeon and
neurosurgeon called. They per
formed tracheotomy opened
throat and applied breathing
1 p.m. President dead ...
By MERRIMAN SMITH
United Press International
DALLAS President Kennedy
was assassinated by a sniper
yesterday. Police seized as a
prime suspect a pro-Castro for
mer Marine who once sought citi
zenship in Russia.
The 46-year-old Kennedy 35th
President of the United States
was mortally wounded in the head
at 1:31 p.m. EST as he drove,
smiling and waving, in an open
car through a Texas crowd of a
quarter of a million people.
Kennedy died at Parkland Hos
pital at about 2 pjn.
Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn
in as President at 3:39 p.m. in
side the presidential plane, and
then left for Washington with the
body of his late chief. John
son had been in the downtown
Dallas cavalcade, but several
cars hehind Kennedy and he
was not 'hurt.
Texas Gov. John B. Connally,
riding on the jump seat facing
Kennedy in the famous bubble
top presidential limousine its
top down was wounded by one
bullet through the right should
er. His condition was satisfac
tory, as of last night.
The wives of both men were also
in the car. Neither one was re
The fatal shot apparently came
from a window of the Texas
school book depository building
overlooking Main Street. A Maus
er rifle was found on a fifth floor
landing. Three empty shells were
The "prime suspect," Lee H.
Oswald, 24, is an employee in
i Oswald was seized in mid-afternoon
in the Texas movie theater
where he fled with two Dallas
City police in pursuit. He shot
and killed one of the officers
before he was subdued and jailed.
Oswald, a crew-cut man of five
feet, eight inches," of Fort Worth
is chairman of a local "Fair
Play for Cuba" committee.
In 1959 he renounced his Amer
ican citizenship and went to the
Soviet Union. Russian authori
ties refused him citizenship and
be returned to the United States.
Kennedy had flown to Love
Field .outside Dallas from near
by Carswelj Air Force Base Fri
day morning and skies lifted as
he began the drive in to the Tex
as Trade Mart where the Presi
dent was to speak on this sec
ond day of politicking.
Crowds jammed the curbs. The
Secret Service men ran along
side the car and watched from
another car behind. Dallas motor
cycle police formed a phalanx.
But the assassin struck too swift
ly, too treacherously for them.
Mrs. Kennedy had just leaned
over to her husband and said,
"You can't say Dallas wasn't
friendly to you," when three shots
Charles Brehm, 33, of Dallas
was standing in the crowd at
curbside about 15 feet away as
the , President's car approached.
"He was waving and the first
shot hit him and then that awful
look crossed his face," Brehm
Kennedy fell over sideways on
his face toward the seat. Doctors
said later that one shot apparent
ly had torn through both the back
of his head and his throat. Mrs.
Kennedy screamed, "Oh no!"
Gov. Connally fell face for
ward to the floor of the car and
his wife got down on her knees
Pandemonium seized the crowd.
Secret" Service men limbered
automatic rifles and pistols but
no more shots were fired.
City police went charging up
a grassy knoll of an adjoining
park toward an apparently inno
cent Negro coupie sitting there.
Secret Service man Bill' Greet
at -the wheel -ef -fee automobile
whirled the car off toward the
Parkland Hospital with the
President's White House physi
cian, Rear Adm. George Buck
ley, in a car close behind.
Mrs. Kennedy, her bright pink
wool suit splattered with blood,
stroked her husband's brow and,
at the hospital, she clung to him
and helped lift him to a stretcher.
Ten doctors gathered in the
emergency surgical ward. The
President's throat was opened to
Blood, and fluids were admin
istered intravenously. Physicians
' 1 ' " 1
ft- - $;
! " . -A ) I I
JOHN B. CONNALLY
labored to keep respiration at a
Dr. Malcolm Perry, 34, said
'There was a wound below his
Adam's apple. There was another
wound in the back of his head."
Father Oscar Huber of the
Holy -Trinity Church was sum
moned to administer the last
rites to the first Roman Catholic
ever elected to the presidency of
the United States.
Apparently, only the physicians
were present when he died.
His, wife was waiting in another
room of the building. So was
Johnson. A man with a history of
heart trouble, doctors and White
House aides were worried about
the effect of the shock on John
son. Within a short time after Ken
nedy's death, a bronze casket
was brought out of the hospital
and placed in a white hearse.
Mrs. Kennedy on the first politi
cal tour with her husband since
his election in 1960 was helped
into the hearse beside him for
the trip to Love Field.
There, on the runway, was the
presidential special plane a 707
jet marked simply "Air Force 1.
It was to have flown on with
the presidential Dartv later Fri
day to Austin and a night at John-
son's "LB J Ranch" with a pos-
sible deer hunting expedition
Saturday. The White House par
ty had been issued hunting licen
Johnson, too, drove to the field.
It was in the forward com
partment of "Air Force 1" that
Johnson was sworn in as the
36th president by Federal Judge
Sarah T. Hughes, the first worn
an judge in the Dallas federal
district. She had been appoint
ed by Kennedy,
In a rear compartment was
Johnson embraced her, then
his wife Ladybird, now America's
A few minutes after the cere
mony, the presidential plane took
off for Washington.
At the scene of the ambush,
Secret Service agents and po
lice were searching every build
ing. They soon came across the
rifle in the school book deposi
ai arxwi ine same urne pouce I
, . , i ii r
Julie Posel, cashier at the Texas
theater in the Oak Cliff section.
She said she had spotted a man
who "looked like he was ninning
from something enter the thea
Dallas policeman J. D. Tippit
and M. N. McDonald rushed to
the theater and ran into a rear
exit. According to police head
quarters, Tippit fired a shot. Mac
Donald rushed the suspect who
turned out to be Oswald and sub
dued him after a fight.
Tippit was shot dead. Oswald
admitted owning a snub-nose 38
caliber pistol used to gun down
Tippit. Oswald .did not admit
owning the rifle found in the
building near the scene of the
Asked whether fingerprints on
the rifle matched those on the
pistol, police Det. Chief Will
Fritz said, "I don't know."
Police said Oswald and his wife
have two children. His wife, a
Russian, does not speak English.
When Oswald went to Moscow
in 1959, he told the United States
Embassy that he was a devoted
believer in Communism and had
read books on it since he was
15 years old.
John F. Kennedy
By MICKEY BLACKWELL AND
He was born in Brookline, a suburb of Boston, on May 29, 1917,
the second of nine children of Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. and I lose
Both his grandfathers were sons of Irish immigrants who had
moved to Massachusetts after the potato famine in Ireland in lN7,
and both had become prominent in politics.
The Kennedv children were reared in an atmosphere of family
closeness and loyalty. Their father encouraged a spirit of com
petitiveness, and from their mother, who is devoted to the Catholic
Church, they received a steadying influence and a sense of religious
To allow his children to carry out freely and fully their feeling
of responsibility in public life, Joseph P. Kennedy set up trust fumis
giving each of them $1,000,000 when they reached maturity.
The future President attended the Canterbury School in New
Milford, Conn., the Riverdale Country Day School in Brookline in
the Choate School in Wallingford, Conn. He then studied for one
summer in 1935 at the London School of Economics, entered Prince
ton in the fall, but dropped out.
In 1936 he entered Harvard University. He excelled in swimming
and sailing but, in his sophomore year, he suffered a spina! injury
during a football scrimmage! The injury later threatened his polit
ical career and his life.
He spent a one-year leave of absence from .Harvard in 1933 which
was spent serving in his father's office in the London Embassy. He
became interested in England's problems on the eve of World War
II, and in his senior year at Harvard, where he majored in political
science, he wrote a thesis on England's unpreparedness for war.
He later expanded the paper to a book, "Why England Slept."
After receiving his B.S. degree cum laude from Harvard in 1940,
he took a business course at Stanford University in California and
made a trip through South America.
In 1941 he enlisted in the Navy and one year later he was
assigned to a Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron.
In 1943, PT-109, which he commanded, was torpedoed by the
Japanese while on patrol off the Solomon Islands. He is credited
with saving the lives of several of his crewmen, one of whom lie
towed through the water for three miles by a life belt that he held
between his teeth.
Despite his injuries, he refused to be transferred but was finally
rotated back to the United States and soon afterward entered a Navy
Hospital in Massachusetts.
While he was recuperating in the summer of 1944, his brother,
Joe, was killed by the Germans over the English Channel.
The tragedy marked the turning point in the life of the younger
brother. In 1945 he worked as a newspaperman covering the United
Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco
for the Chicago "Herald-American." He also covered European
news, including the Potsdam Conference, for International News
In 1946 he became a candidate for the Democratic nomination to
the House of Representatives from the Eleventh Congressional Dis
trict of Massachusetts. He ran as independently as possible of
political bosses, refusing to be the protege of anybody and appealing
to the voters directly. He won the primary in June, 1946 and had
little difficulty in winning the election to the Eightieth Congress,
his first of three terms in the House of Representatives.
In 1952, he ran against Henry Cabot Lodge for the United States
Senate. He fought a strenuous
(Democrat to withstand the Republican landslide in Massachusetts,
I winnmg by more than 70,000 votes
in 1954, the Senator suffered a recurrence of the spinal injury
and entered the hospital for a major operation. His long period
of recuperation kept him away from the Senate for most of 1955.
During some six bed-ridden months he worked on "Profiles in
Courage," short biographies of American legislators who had shown
courage in withstanding pressures from their constituents in order
to exercise their own judgment. The book was an immediate
best-seller and the following year won the Pulitzer Prize in bio
graphy. The Democratic National Convention in Chicago in August 195(5
first brought him to prominence in national politics. Although he
lost to Senator Estes Kefauver of Tennessee for the Vice-Presidential
nomination, he showed such surprising strength in the balloting that
when Presidential candidate Adlai E. Stevenson and Kefauver were
defeated by the Eisenhower ticket
to look at him as their bright hope. That hope brightened with the
record-breaking 869,000-vote majority by which Massachusetts re
turned him to the Senate in November, 1958.
On January 2, 1960, the Senator announced his candidacy for
the Democratic Presidential nomination and during the spring of
that year won the primaries in seven states. On July 13 at the
Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles he was nominated
on the first ballot with 806 votes. Senator Lyndon B. Johnson of
Texas was chosen as his running mate.
In a hard-fought campaign, he said repeatedly that the voters'
choice was between thp "crmtfntfiV'
generally accents tfmf th fn,,r
I" " - -
- rii.ijr ucv.au.-5c uicy made ine oeiiuior as wen
known to the public as the Vice-President.
On November 8, 1960, he defeated Richard M. Nixon by a vote
of 34,227,096 to 34,107,646. He was inaugurated as the thirty-fifth
President of the United States on January 20, 1961. In his inaugural
address, he pledged the energy and sacrifice of a new generation
and a new administration.
To date, his administration had difficulty in foreign relations
with the Soviet Union over Laos, Germany and Cuba. Although an
invasion of Cuba in 1961 was a failure, he struck back in October,
1962. when he forced the Russians to back down and pull their
missiles from the island.
The problem of civil rights also
summer, but the President was generally expected to survive the?
problems and run as the stronger
Able to think quickly on his
of the English language and evinced
ism that he demonstrated in his
He knew much of the quality
long before he became President
songs, deals and reach of power
been talk in his family since childhood
From parents and grandparents
and power in the Boston wards and
Hall and on Capitol Hill, in the upper reaches of American finance
and American diplomacy.
To this he added his own experience and savor of power in
academies of learning and manipulation of public communications
as well as in the leading and commanding of men under enemy fire
campaign and became the only
in November 1936. Democrats began
iviviiou UCUtlLCb WCIt; U tillliJ
plagued the administration last
candidate in 1964.
feet, the President was a master
the same regard for intellectual-
appointment of advisers
of leadership in American life
in 1960 the legends, delights,
in all its American forms had
he had learned of leadership
Massachusetts districts, in City